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Managing Editor 

221 West Madison Street, Chicago 


PRICE— Per year, in a(i%'ance, $1.00; three months, on 
trial, twenty-five cents; sin erle copies, ten cents. 

DISCOIMTI\UADilCES-We find that a lar?e number of 
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CONTINUE IS recp:ived. that the sub- 

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PRESEMTATION COPIES~Many pereons subscribe for 
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disa)ntinue at expiration, and to send no bill for the 
ensuinif year. 


Annual Meeting . 1 

Butted by a Goat; Demands $20,000. .... 2 

Was Mormon Morganized? 2 

Native Knights Templars . . .- 3 

Civil vs. Masonic Oaths *. 3 

Pennsylvania State Officers 3 

The Moody Bible Institute. 4 

Good Advice 4 

Underlying Purpose of Fraternalism 4 

Mystic Shrine . 4 

The King's Champion, Chapter VII 5 

Interesting from India — Rev. C. B. Ward 9 

The True Lutheran Spirit 10 

The Power of Darkness — Rev, W. Stan- 
ley Post 11 

Anti-Catholic Books — Advertisement .... 17 

Our Golden Calf— Rev. J. M. Foster. 18 

President's Letter 23 

Discussion Lights Missouri 26 

New England Convention 26 

Letter — Tacoma, Wash 27 

A Faculty of Backbone 27 

Pennsylvania State Convention 28 

Cleveland Denies It 30 

Ho-Sho Lodge of Korea 30 

Secret Society Doctors 32 

Council of the Orient. Pocket 

size, full roan, flap, $2.50. 

The Complete Standard Ritual of Council 
Masonic Degrees in Cypher. 8th to 10th inclusive. 
Giving the Degrees of Royal Master, Select Mas- 
•ei and Super Excellent Master. 

Cabala. Pocket size, full ro?n, 

flap, $2.50. 

The Complete Standard Ritual of the Chapter 
Masonic Degrees; 4th to 7th inclusive, in Cypher. 
•Givingthe degrees of Mark Master. Past Master, 
^v.Ht F3B"«llept Master *ind R«vai Arch. 

Folly, Expense and Danger 


Secret Societies. 

of Wheaton College. 

They may be rudely classified as religious; 
e. g., the Jesuits, Freemasonry, Oddfellow- 
ship, the Knights of Pythias, etc.: political, as 
the Know-nothings, Knights of the Golden 
Circle, the Order of American Deputies, the 
Kuklux-Klan, the White League, etc.: indus- 
trial: as the unions of carpenters, bricklayers,, 
conductors, engineers, etc.: insurance; as the 
Royal Arcanum, the Modern Woodmen, the 
Order of the Iron Hall, the Ancient Order of 
United Mechanics, etc.: and the social; as the 
college fraternities. Postpaid 5 cents each. 

Royal Neighbors of America 

Ritual and Installation Work 

Price, postpaid, 10 cts. 

This O'rder is the auxiliary branch of the 
Modern Woodmen of America, to which the 
latter and women relatives are eligible. 

221 West Madison St., Chicago, III. 



This is the Ritual of the Ancient Order 
of United Workmen as published in 
The Christian Cynosure recently. 

Its substantial accuracy is vouched 
for by a former member, Mr. S. A- 
Scarvie, of Hamlin, Minn. 

Address — 

itioMl CMsliaii Assoclatlofl, 

221 W. Madison St., Chicago, UU 








221 West Madison St., Chicago 

Entered at the Post Ofl&ce, Chicaaro, lU., as second- 
class matter. 


Of the National Christian Association, 
May 12, 1904. 

The annual meeting of the National 
Christian Association will occur on 
Thursday, ]\Iay I2, 1904, at 10 o'clock, 
a. m., in the Central Young Men's Chris- 
tian Association Building, 153 La Salle 
street, Chicago, for the election of officers, 
and the transaction of other important 
business. Charles A. Blanchard, 


J. M. Hitchcock, Rec. Sec. 

Rev. H. H. Hinman, of Oberlin, Ohio, 
50 long and favorably known in connec- 
tion with our association, writes that he 
expects to attend the annual meeting on 
May 12. We hope that many of the "old 
guard" may meet him at this time and 
again enjoy each other's fellowship. 
Once a year at least we ought to plan to 
get together and give thanks to God and 
liave both a backward and a forward 

Friends are accounting the Xew Eng*- 
land convention a success. Every speak- 
er responded to call on time, unless we 
except one who was to conduct devo- 
tional exercises. The audiences were 
fair as to numbers, but not large. The 
spirit of the convention from first to last 
was excellent and the impression left is 
<leep and will abide for years to come. 

The address of Amos R. Wells will ap- 
pear in full in the Ram's Horn, of Chi- 
cago, and also in his own paper, the 
Christian Endeavor \Vorld, of Boston, 
]\Iass. The address of W. Stanley Post 
was both polished and superb. Mrs. Su- 
san Fessenden and James H. Earle, Esq., 
and Rev. J. Fred Wenchel spoke extem- 
pore and with power. The convention 
was a substantial advance and all are 
profoundly grateful to God for His gra- 
cious presence and blessing. 

The annual meeting of the National 
Christian Association will convene 
Thursday, May 12th, at 10:30 a. ni., in 
the Central Y. I\I. C. A. Lecture Room, 
153 La Salle street. The reason for not 
holding this meeting in our own Associa- 
tion building is the lack of room. The 
Y. M. C. A. is centrally located and can 
be easily reached from any of the railway 
depots of the city. In the evening there 
will be addresses by the President of our 
Association and others in the Swedish 
^lethodist Church corner 59th and Car- 
penter streets. Rev. A. L. Xystrom is 
the pastor of this church and also a cor- 
porate member of our Association. We 
shall be disappointed if our audience is 
less than a thousand. There is every 
reason to believe that we will not only 
have interesting music and addresses, but 
OTie of the largest audiences of recent 
years. Let us hear from all who can at- 
tend and from an\' who may have sug- 
i^'estions or criticisms to make. 


You are familiar with the storv of the 
little "yellow tab" on your Cynosure, and 
we need only to remind you that clerks 
and compositors and editor and publish- 
er have each an interest, since their due< 
for their work must be met. We don't 


May, 1901. 

blame you, or anyone. We all suffer to- 
gether, and none more than those who 
are supporting God's cause on unpopular 
lines. But will you not make an effort 
to pay up arrears now, so that "he that 
soweth and he that reapeth may refoice 

If }-ou will remit promptly two dol- 
lars, you shall be credited with two 
years" subscription, and receive at least 
one of the blessings. 

We are endeavoring faithful to 
you and your home by making the Cyno- 
sure a blessing in every way, as various 
as the spiritual Hfe and best culture of 
the family demand. We solicit your sug- 
gestions and co-operation. 


Railroad Man Suinji; Secret Order for Initia- 
tion After Kifects. 

(Special to tbe Fiecord.) 

New Orleans, La., Jan. 13. — A man, a 
goat and a secret order are the princi- 
pal figures in a $20,000 damage suit be- 
ing heard in the United States Court of 
Appeals. M. F. Jumper, a railroad man, 
w^as initiated into the Woodmen of the 
World four years ago at a Water V'alley 
camp. He was put through the paces and 
then blindfolded and the "goat" brought 
i^. It struck Jumper with force suffi- 
cient to fracture his pelvic bone, and he 
has been laid up ever since. He brought 
suit for $20,000 damages and lost in the 
Circuit Court of North Mississippi, and 
now the case is being heard on appeal. 

The letter in this number from Rev. 
C. B. Ward, missionary in India for many 
years, will be read with much interest. 
Bro. W^ard is no stranger to this office, 
and we hope many will join the editor in 
sendino- him a cash contribution. 

Readers of "Secret Society Doctors,*" 
taken from the Medical Brief of January, 
1904, will see the conditions not only of 
the medical but of other professions in 
their town. The lodge may seem a good 
thing to the "tub that cannot stand on its 
own bottom," but it is an evil to charac- 
ter, patriotism and to the best interests 
of this nation. Dr. Boynton deserves the 
thanks of everyone who prizes manly 

character above the success that comes 
from surrender of personal independence. 
The Medical Brief is said to have the 
widest circulation of any medical journal, 
in the world, and is deserving of success. 
That such a journal will publish the 
article in question is one of the encour- 
aging signs of the times. 

Secretary W. B. Stoddard has been 
working in Ohio during the latter part of 
April and expects to give some time in 
Illinois and Michigan during May and 
June. Then he returns east and will con- 
tinue the work there until about the first 
of October, when he will again visit the 
West. Places wanting him in the West 
would do well to address him at this of- 
fice as early as possible. 

Mrs. S. E. Bailey writes: "Looking 
over a few tracts that I had bought, I 
found 'Why I Left the Rebekah Lodge,'' 
and this little tract has filled my heart 
with more zeal for God and His cause." 
'This dear Christian woman is poor and 
has a large family, but has learned the 
value of tracts in Christian work and she 
is a veritable lighthouse for temperance, 
social purity and anti-secrecy, in a place 
where the light is very much needed. If 
you cannot do like her, you can help fur- 
nish her and others with tracts. It is bet- 
ter, however, to give them out one's self.. 


Woman Who Told of Polyiucamons Teaching: 

(Special to the Record-Herald. 
Salt Lake, March 24. — Mystery is as- 
sociated with the sudden disappearance 
of Mrs. Frank Kompe, who recently 
swore to a sensational statement in 
which it was alleged that Mormon elders, 
had tried to induce her to embrace poly- 
gamy. Subsequently Mormons obtained, 
from her a statement that she did not 
know the purport of her first affidavit. 
To-day it developed that she has disap- 
peared, and there is 'no clew to her 
whereabouts. A newspaper organ of the 
church suggests that the woman has 
been spirited away by non-Mormons in 
order that a complete refutation of the 
statements in her first, affidavit may not 
be made. 

April, 1904. 



Xorthern Luzon appears to offer the 
greatest inducements to goldseekers, so 
far as prospects go, but. indifference to 
the dangers that must lurk in the inter- 
ior mountains of that region for some 
time to come will be attended with 

The wild tribes of the mountains about 
the source of the Cagayan river have 
some customs that are peculiar, to say 
the least. Twice a year, at the time of 
sowing and reaping respectively, a fiesta 
takes place. For these human skulls are 
considered indispensable. The upper 
portion of the head is removed and the 
cavity filled with a wine of native distil- 
lation ; from this the merrymakers drink 
during the festival. ^^> have been in- 
formed that during the interim there is 
but little danger from these mountain 

The cantlidate for initiation into the 
Kni^iits Templar de.sree is told by the Emi- 
nent Commander, •'the fifth libation is taken 
in the most solemn and impressive manner 
in pnre wine and in this cnp. (Shows him a 
l)uman sknll. into which he ponrs the wine.i 
The P^minent Commander here asks: '"Have 
yon any repn^nanee to participatinji- in the 
fifth libation?" The candidate answers: "T 
am willing."" After Avhich the Eminent Com- 
mander says: "Repeat after me. 'This pure 
Avine 1 now take in testimony of my belief in 
the immortality of the sonl; and as the sins 
of the whole world Avere once visited npon 
the head of our Savior, so may all the sins 
of the person Avhose sknll this one Avas, in 
addition to my own. be heaped upon my 
head. and may this libation appear in .iudg- 
ment against me. both here and hereafter, 
should I ever knowingly or Avilfully violate 
this my most solemn voav of a Knight Tem- 
plar; so help me God and keep me steadfast." 
You Avill partake of the Avine." (Candidate 
drinks the Avine from 'the skull.) — From the 
Knight Templars" oath. 


How Two Daths Affect Justice. 

\Speci;ii to the Post-St.mdard., 

Glens Falls, X. Y., April 4. — Bound by 
his oath as a ]\lason, a witness in a noted 
legal case refused to answer a question 
here to-day in the special proceedings in 
the attempt to locate the mysterious \'an 
Rensselaer estate, which has figured in 
the will of the late William ]\Ioore. 

President Eugene Ashley, of the Hud- 

son River \\'ater Power Companx', 
against w^hom the proceedings are direct- 
ed, declined to answer the questions of 
counsel as to where the will of William 
\'an Rensselaer was probated and other 
questions regarding the estate, believing 
it his duty, as an attorney, not to answer 
l>ecause his knowledge of the estate was 
the result of a confidential communication 
from Moore. 

y\r. Ashley had prc\'iously testified that 
he had been informed where the will of 
A\'illiam A'an Rensselaer was probated. 
After refusing to answer the question Mr. 
Ashley, with considerable feeling, said : 
"And I state further that I have taken 
my oath as a ]\Iason not to reveal it.'' 

Surrogate Jenkins directed a fine of 
Sroo and imprisonment for contempt. 
The imprisonment is to take eft'ect April 
7 at 10 o'clock unless ]\Ir. Ashley de- 
cides to answer the questions. The fine 
had to be paid at once, and Mr. Ashley 
remarked: "I guess it's worth it." 

yiv. Ashle}' throug'h his counsel stated 
to the court that he was sincere in his 
belief that he was rig'ht in the stand he 
had taken : that it was not done to hinder 
the settlement of the }\Ioore estate, and 
that if the Appellate Division sustained 
the surrogate that he would cheerftilly 
furnish the executor all the information 
he had at hand regarding the \'an Rens- 
selaer estate. 

The teachers of Tilden township. Berk.s 
County, Pennsylvania, in debate, decided 
that the stage is more elevating than the 
pulpit. The "house" sustained the teach- 
ers" decision, with but three dissenting 
voices. A Ixxly of missionaries should be 
sent to that fiekl of labor immediatelv. 

Unless you tell the truth, so that it 
will stare the indift'erent man in the face, 
lie will not notice it. nor care about it. 
Truth must l)urn like a fire before the 
indift'erent. He will not poke around in 
the ashes to find it. 


President, Rev. D. C. Martin, Pitts- 
1)urg, Pa. ; \'ice President, Rev. W. S. 
llottshall, Schwencksville, Pa. ; Secre- 
tarv. Rev. L. l'\ Kreider. Cleona, Pa. ; 
Treasurer. J. C. Pier^-, Scottdale, Pa. 


May, IfiOL 



The Moody Bible Institute, 

Mr. D. L. Aloody used to claim that 
the summer is the best time of the year 
for Christian work, as the people can 
then be more easily reached by tent and 
open air work, visitation, etc. Hence 
when he founded the Bible Institute at 
Chicago for training' lay men and women 
for Christian work, he kept the school 
open all the year. 

This policy is still adhered to, and the 
announcement for next summer's sche- 
dule shows that those who attend v/ill 
not only find advantages in the study of 
Bible and Gospel music, but also un- 
usual opportunities for taking part in 
different aggressive mGchods for reach- 
ing tlie masses. 

. The leading Bible courses will be 
given by Rev. James M. Gray, D. D., of 
Boston. Consecutive lectures on "The 
Old Testament Prophets," "The New 
^Testament Epistles," etc., will run from 
June to September (inclusive). Rev. 
William Evans will have courses in "The 
Book of Revelation," "Fundamental 
Doctrines," and "Personal Work." 
Among special lecturers who are expect- 
ed for shorter visits are the Rev. John 
Urquhart. of Scotland, John Willis Baer, 
of New York, Rev. Cornelius Woelfkin, 
D. D., of Brooklyn. 

A full prospectus can be secured by 
addressing The Moody Bible Institute, 
80 Institute Place, Chicago. 


Don't make the blunder, when well and 
able to labor, that would bring you chagrin 
and distress of mind when ill. The time to 
correct such a blunder is before you make it. 
— Bee Hive. 

In order to carry out this advice re- 
frain from joining a hive or any sort^^of 
fifth rate insurance affair. Do not in- 
vite the "chagrin and distress of mind" 
you must feel, if, when you are fatally ill, 
you reflect that you were induced to 
waste money on foolishly financial 
schemes, which have exploded, or if 
existing have dropped out, at the last, 
perhaps for the very reason that you can 
no longer keep step on the assessment 

An exchange says that the great underly- 
ing purpose of fraternalism is not to indem- 
nify or secure against loss. Rather, its po- 
sition is to accumulate a fund from the con- 
tributions of its members for beneficial or 
protective purposes. "Such societies are 
rather of a philanthropic character." The 
average fraternalist will not concur in this 
definition. In the management of an organi- 
zation, strict business methods prevail. It is 
attempted to properly adjust the cost be- 
tween members and to require that eacli pay 
his full share. While the results of such op- 
eration are of a benevolent nature, it is be- 
lieved that the majority of those carrying- 
contracts of fraternal life protection look 
upon these as business arrangements, and, 
by this selfsame token, we look upon the 
local organizations and the manner in which 
they meet their brother members as com- 
prising the fraternal part of the work. There 
has been much misinformation afloat as to 
the true scope and purview of fraternal ef- 
fort. It should be strictly businesslike to be 
permanent; it should be equitable to be fra- 
ternal; it should insist upon the due observ- 
ance of the conditions interwoven with its 
work that it may perpetuate itself. — The 
Court of' Honor. 

This plain statement is taken from a 
fraternal organ and is true. Wherein is 
this kitid of insurance, then, more frater- 
nal than any other? "It should be equit- 
able to be fraternal" is the answer; but 
wherein is it more equitable ? 


It is a fact that there is a strong opposi- 
tion among some Freemasons against the 
Mystic Shrine. From the consensus of opin- 
ion, as gathered from all sources of infor-. 
raation, we have concluded that the opposi- 
tion is not so much aimed against the An- 
cient Arabic Order of Nobles of the Mystic 
Shrine as against it being unmistakably at- 
tached to the Masonic institution. Little or 
no objection could be urged against them by 
any Freemason if the membership was taken 
from the exclusive degrees of other societies ^ 
as well as that of Masonry. — Texas Free- 

No wonder Masonry does not like to 
carry the responsibility of this Moharii- 
medan carousing club alone. However, 
only those who have taken a Command- 
ery degree of the American rite, or one 
of the last degrees of the Scotch rite, can 
drink tlie flowing zem zem with those 
who dub themselves Nobles. 

May. 1904. 






l)e Profuiidis. 

As the summer advanced, the lawless 
element among the strikers became more 
prominant. On the second of June, the 
majority of the engineers, firemen, and 
pumpmen of the anthracite region gave 
up work, leaving mines to be flooded and 
entailing serious and in some cases ir- 
reparable loss of property. Conservative 
members of the union protested against 
this step as an unwarranted act of ag- 
gression, but they were overruled. Some 
who had been members of the union, 
renounced their allegiance and returned 
to work, thinking their employers had 
the stronger claim upon their loyalty. 

The vast majority, however, manifest- 
ed the spirit demanded by the obligation 
of another union, against which two 
Catholic arclil^ishops have raised a re- 
cent protest : 

•'My fidelity to the Union and my duty to 
the memV)ers thereof shall in no sense be in- 
terfered with by any allegiance I may owe 
to any other organization, social, political or 
religious, secret or otherwise." 

Most of the miners, it is true, pro- 
fessed no higher allegiance than that to 
the union ; but denial of an obligation 
does not annul it, and Davrd grieved in 
spirit over this anti-Christ sitting in the 
temple of God and claiming the worsliip 
due to God. 

One evening as David and Pengelly 
were returning from the mission rooms, 
a neighbor named Gage joined them. 

'T hear,"' said he tO' David, "that you 
are denouncing the union." 

"You have been misinformed," said 
David, pleasantly. 

"Xo. but aren't you fighting it?" 

*Tf working when the union has order- 
ed a strike is fighting the union, I plead 

"Don't vou believe that labor has the 

legal and moral right to combine?'' 

"Then why don't you join the union?" 
"I don't like the way many members 
of the union treat my good friend Pen- 
gelly here — lining up as he goes to work 
and yelling 'Scab !' and other abusive 

"O well ! you know the union isn't 
responsible for that." 

"I understand the leaders of the order 
object to violence.'' 

"See here, don't you know that tlie 
church itself has been a shield for cruelty 
and persecution of every sort ?" 

"Are cruelty and persecution the legi- 
timate outgrowth of Christ's teachings 
or the reverse ? It seems to me the ques- 
tion is, what are the aims of the church 
and the union respectively, and is vio- 
lence indispensible to securing those 
aims? The aim of the church is the 
promotion of individual, social, and civic 
righteousness. The law of righteousness 
as laid down by the Founder of the 
church, is the law of love, which works 
no ill to his neighbor, but does as one 
would be done by. What about the 
union ? What is the purpose of such a 
strike as this?'' ; 

"Well, capital must be brought to re- 
spect the rights of labor." 

"That implies bringing pressure to 
bear upon the employers of labor.'' 
"Of course." 

"Where will you draw the line between 
legitimate pressure and violent aggres- 
sion ? Some of your ovv'n members 
think that line was crossed when the en- 
gineers, firemen, and pumpmen were 
called out, leaving their employers' prop- 
erty to destruction. 

"O well ! The union is more like gov- 
ernment than like the church. Govern- 
ments, you know, have the right to de- 
clare war." 

"I doubt if they have the moral right : 
but, assuming that they have, no other 
power has that right. By the constitu- 
tion of the United States, even the State 
governments have no right to declare 
war; it is one of the reserved powers of 
the general government. You would not 
admic the right of the individual to take 
the law into his own hands to avenge 
his wrongs?" 


May, 1904. 

"Xo. not in a civilized community." 

"Equally lawless are organizations 
that usurp the functions of justice. Re- 
member the history of the Mollie 
INIaguires in your own State." 

"But law takes the side of the capital- 
ist and permits him to rob us." 

"Supposing that to be true, under a 
representative government like ours 
there nuist be a remedy for such evils. 
Educate public sentiment and secure bet- 
ter laws." 

"Well, that's what the union's for." 

"Do >'ou know," said David with his 
winning smile, "I should like . to see 
what could be done to reconcile labor 
and capital by bringing them together in 
the church." 

"The church !" sneered Gage, ''the 
church has always been on the side of 
the oppressor. Didn't Paul enjoin obedi- 
ence on slaves whose masters could 
throw them into the fishpond for spilling 
a dish at table? Didn't he command the 
subjects of Nero to sul^mit to his author- 

"Yes." said David quietly, "it is the 
glory of Christianity that it conquers by 

"See here," said Gage, "let's be frank 
witli each other. Your viewpoint and 
mine diffe;r fundamentally. You are an 
advocate of ecclesiasticism (which I re- 
gard as a system of slavery), and I, of 
socialism. ' I am a socialist hrst and a 
unionist afterwards. There's a small 
army of my way of thinking. We're 
trying to capture the unions of the land. 
We do it by joining the unions of our 
respective trades and 'boring from with- 
in.' " 

"What is your object?'' asked David. 

"Ell tell you. You can't deny that 
we are on the verge of a stupendous class 
struggle. W^e've been drifting blindly 
toward it for generations, but now we're 
getting our eyes open to the truth. We 
laborers have never had our fair share in 
the division of the joint product of capi- 
tal and labor. Ours should be the larger 
share as ours is the greater risk. Our 
employers risk money, but we miners 
daily risk life. What's their stake to 
ours ? Eew occupations are so danger- 
ous as tliat of us miners, but everywhere 
you see laborers selling their freedom 

for a morsel of bread. I say we've been 
robbed and at last we've come to know 
it ! We've no mind for submission ; 
we're bound to fight ! And in that fight, 
mark me, we shall win! History is on 
our side. Erom the beginning of time 
there has been a succession of class 
struggles ; plebeian against patrician, 
noble against king, burgher against 
noble. El every case the lower order has 
defeated the higher. 

"Xow comes the day of triumph for 
the prole taire, the man with only his 
bare hands between- himself and want. 
P>ye and bye those hands shall grasp the 
helm of the ship of state. Private own- 
ership of the means of production will 
be abolished. Government will be run in 
the interests of labor." 

"This is a startling program," said 
David. "E calls for an overturning of 
government remarkably suggestive of 

"Anarchy, sir! Call it anarchy, if you 
will. The present organization of so- 
ciety is' maintained in the interest of 
capitak Eet that organization perish, 
let it fall by whatever means ! Ours 
shall be the victory, for we are the 
stronger. The ambitious workingman 
has no longer the chance to rise to the 
ranks of capital, so now the brains as 
well as the numerical strength of the 
country are ourS". Little by little we 
shall capture courts, police, army and 
navy. Then the scythe of Destiny will 
begin to reap !'' 

"Are you . not a trifle inconsistent?'" 
asked David. "I know nothing has ex- 
cited more anger on the part of the 
miners than" the employment by the 
operators of special police and the call 
for the protection of the militia." 

"Of course," answered Gage; "didn't 
I tell you that government is now car- 
ried on in the interest of capital? Sucli 
a government must be revolutionized, 
and this revolution will mark the cul- 
mination of the class' war." 

The words of Gage recalled to David 
his conversation with the anarchist, iiis 
late traveling companion. Gage's views 
seemed to David to have more in com- 
mon with those of the "spent man" than 
the former would have been willing to 

May, 1904. 


"Pardon me." said David, ''if I ask 
you what stability you expect in a social 
-order rising out of a class struggle? 
Mav not divisions arise in vour ow:i 


After the common foe has been 

defeated, will you not fall into factions 
Avhich will involve you in another and 
more dreadful warfare ? 

"Take the race question. The great 
railroad brotherhoods exclude colored 
-persons. The color c(uestion has cause! 
some friction in the labor organizations 
of the Southern States. In the earlier 
days of the labor movement there, the 
democratic feeling among the few trade 
unionists was strong enough to bring 
whites and negroes even into the same 
local meeting rooms. It is strong enough 
still in some places. As the unions ha\e 
grown, however, separate locals liave 
been demanded. Finally, in some places 
the city central bodies have begun to 
reject colored delegates. -''The race feel- 
ing in labor organizations seems to be 
-growing stronger." 

The events of the past year have given 
added weight to David's question. Gage, 
however, seemed disposed to treat it 

''That's a small matter beside the main 
issue." said he with a .careless wave of 
■the hand ; "time enough to settle it when 
the larger (juestion has been solved." 

It was growing late. The conversa- 
tion, begun on the street, had been con- 
tinued in Pengelly's home. He had 
listened with eager attention to the de- 
l^ate. but had taken no part in it. Xow, 
liowever, as Gage rose, Pengelly accom- 
panied him to the door to bid him good- 
night. As he stood in the clear light, a 
bullet whizzed past his head. His wife 
sprang with a cry to the door, drew her 
husband away and quickly closed it. 

"Joe," she said, "they'll never leave 
ye be till they've killed ye." 

The next morning a delegation wait- 
■€d upon Pengelly and asked him to quit 
work. He listened quietly, but said : 

"Hi've no cause to leave. The com- 
pany 'as done well by me and Hi mean 
to stay by them." 

"You'll be sorry for this some dav," 
called a voice from the crowd. 

♦Report of I'. S. liidiis^trial romniission on 
Xabor Organizations and Arbitration. 

"The good God will care for me an' 
mine," answered Pengelly reverently. 

But though he continued his work in 
serene confidence, his family grew daily 
more disturbed and anxious. Mrs. I'en- 
gelly dreaded to go to bed for fear of 
dynamite. , She had reason for this fear. 
Other homes of non-striking miners had 
been forcibly entered, looted, and jiartly 

Pengelly's daughter begged liiin to 
yield to the demands of the union. 

"I have my normal certificate now, 
father." she said. "I can get a .school 
and we can live on my salary till tlie 
strike is over." 

But the girl reckoned without her 
host. The school board, consisting of 
miners, declared that they would em- 
ploy no "scab'' teacher. 

The hostility grew. The attacks of 
Pengelly's neighbors and former friends 
became so pronounced that he a:id 
David were forced to slip out the back 
door and steal away to their wor'K ^vith 
all possible secrecy. One evening, re- 
turning in this way, Pengelly found his 
garden, with its regular rows of peas, 
beans, beets and cabbages, its flourish- 
ing hills of potatoes and luxuriant srrdks 
of corn, a strewn and trampled vsilder- 
ness. An invasion of the Gadarene sw ine 
and the bulls of Bashan Could not have 
been more disastrous. The quiet, un- 
demonstrative man sat down uncie- his 
grape-arbor and buried his face in his 

David approached him and laid a 
sympathetic hand on his shoulder. Pen- 
gelly raised his face lined and blanched 
with distress. 

"Hi've got to go. mate," he said laitcr- 
ingly, "there's no "elp for it. Mary was 
right. They'll kill me next. Strange 
they should 'ate me so, when I've tried 
to be a good neighbor, setting' h'up \vi' 
them when they was h'ill en' doin' what 
neighborly turns Hi could.'' 

It was, indeed, surprising that the hos- 
tility of the strikers was stronger against 
Pengelly, their neighbor, than against 
David, who was a stranger among them. 
This was often the case. A mother, 
whose son was seriously injured by the 
strikers for refusing to join them, svid: 


Mar. 1904. 

"He deserved all he got. He wasn't 
raised a scab." 

The morning after the depredations in 
Pengelly's garden found him with cour- 
age renewed going back to his work ac- 
companied by David. 

After climbing the garden fence, they 
made their way cautiously through the 
back of a lot occupied by a Polish neigh- 
bor. Looking back, David suddenly 
caught sight of another Pole approach- 
ing them with a club. His aspect was so 
fierce and menacing that David cried 

"Surely you don't mean to strike us ?" 

His answer was a blow that felled him 
to the ground. Before losing conscious- 
ness, he saw the assailants, three in num- 
ber, gather about Pengelly, who cried, 
•as he raised his unarmed hands : 

"Don't kill me, neighbors." 

His plea was unheeded. The three 
beat him with their clubs till their lust 
of cruelty was satiated, and then :nade 
off. Pengelly was carried into a neigh- 
bor's house and died in a few hours with- 
out regaining consciousness. David was 
again borne to the hospital. 

Three days later there appeared at the 
hospital a tall lady dressed in black. It 
was Una. She made her way as if by 
instinct to David's cot, and tearing a 
heavy black veil from a face of startling 
pallor, flung herself down beside nim 
with a clasp that seemed to bid defiance 
to death. David laid a feeble hand re- 
assuringly upon her shoulder, which was 
shaking with sobs. 

"Forgive me, David," she said, look- 
ing up v/ith a rainbow smile lighting her 
tears. "1 cannot help it. I am so re- 
lieved, so grateful. The papers said that 
you were killed, too." 

Then, rising, she faced the hospital 

"Doctor, is my husband able to be 
moved?" I have come to take him 
home." ^ 

The doctor's face was sphinx-like as 
he answered slowly, "The patient is in 
no condition to be moved at present." 

A curious intonation in the measured 
words roused David from the lethargy 
into which he had again fallen. He open- 
ed his eyes and intercepted a quick ex- 
change of glances betw^een the doctor 

and Una. She fixed upon him a gaze 
both appealing and-searching, while his 
face was that of a judge who has just 
given the death-sentence. 

"Una," called David feebly. Instai.t- 
Iv she was again upon her knees beside 

"My wife," he said with slow, faint 
articulation, 'I think the end has come. 
I am going to join Pengelly — faithful 
friend, noble comrade ! — and the dear 
ones gone before. Don't grieve. Pve 
tried to be a good soldier of tlje Lord. 
Jesus Christ, and Lm glad to die m the 
harness. Fve only one sorrov/, leaving- 
you and the little ones. I wish 1 had 
more to leave you ; my insurance — " 

"Don't, David!" sobbed Una. 

"My darling!" The weak hand tried 
to stroke her cheek. "You have been 
like God himself to me in goodness and 
love. You've made my home a little 
Heaven. God bless you ! God comfort 
you !" 

He tried to say more, but his voice 
failed from weakness. The nurse, com- 
ing in. .found him lying with white,, 
tranquil face and closed eyes, all the 
bitterness of the death struggle trans- 
ferred to the agonized features of the 

From his deathlike stupor David was 
at last roused by the perfumed softness 
of curling hair trailed across his cheek. 
A soft, child voice exclaimed : 

"Wake up, papa dear, and see your 
little blossom ! I came with mamma 
to help take you home, only she came- 
to the hospital first to see if you were- 
better. You are, aren't you, papa dear?" 

"My little bird! My baby Helen!" 
murmured the father fondly. 

"I thought you would give me a bear- 
hug, papa ! — specially when I came so 
far. Ralph and Paul wanted to come, 
too, but mamma thought you'd rather 
see me. Would you, papa?" 

"My precious lamb ! How can I leave 
you ?'' 

"Leave me, papa? Don't you love me 
any more ?" 

"Never so much as now% darling, but 
papa is going home to Jesus." 

"Are you sure he wants you nowv 
papa? Fll ask him m}' own self." 

May, 1904. 


She slipped down and bowed her head 
till the curls hid her face. 

''Dear Jesus," she lisped softly, "my 
papa is so good that he wants to do 
whatever you say. But I b'lieve he was 
mistaken when he thought you called 
him. Please let him stay and take care 
of dear mamma and Ralph and Paul and 
me. Then every time I kiss him I will 
think of you and thank you. Amen." 

Suddenly the deathlike face on the 
pillow kindled as when a lamp is lighted 
in a darkened house. David smiled into 
the haggard face of his wife leanmg 
-above him. 

"Una," he said, "the child's prayer 
is answered. I shall live." 
(The End.) 


Converts Abandon the Lodge — Methodist 
Missionaries of Satan Biiiklinji Up Ma- 

Yellandu, India, March 8, 1904. 
Jiditor Christian Cynosure : 

The Cynosure reaches me regularly. 
I with interest watch the battle against 
secrecy. The anti-secrecy party grows. 
They command increasing confidence if 
I read aright. It seems to be the grow- 
ing policy of secrecy to observe silence. 
To try if possible to ignore the opposi- 
tion. Yet the Lord's battle gains, mo- 
mentum, though slowly. 

In India it is an almost one-sided fight. 
That is. secrecy has almost the entire 
field. Officials of the government, civil, 
military, and ecclesiastical, are almost to 
the man. Freemasons. Indeed it is com- 
monly said, that a man cannot get on if 
lie is not a Freemason. 

Bishop Welldon, when Metropolitan 
of the English Church in India, not long- 
since, openly and frequently recognized 
the Masons. Preached them special ser- 
mons when they attended church in uni- 
forms, gave them banquets, and no lit- 
tle public attention. His conduct did 
much harm on these lines. 

Not all missionaries are Freemasons. 
Some are. But I know of no missionary 
who fraternises with Freemasons in In- 
dia, who does not most manifestly im- 
pair his usefulness and in some measures 
scandalize the Christian cause. 

I am compelled by thirty years ob- 
servation to conclude that the whole sys*' 
tern of oath bound secrecy, is inimical to 
Christian character, piety, or usefulness 
in the individual and the source of much 
that cripples the church in ministry and 
membership. I cannot look back and 
see anywhere, for even a limited period, 
where secrecy has been any spiritual 
boon to an individual or church. 

The secret world is a strange alliance 
of Christian and infidel. Christian church 
members, and the most open worldlings, 
men of prayer, and men of shame, the 
upright and the scoundrel, Hindus, 
Mohamedans, Parsees, and some of the 
most shameless blacklegs in India. They 
fraternize in the lodge in India. Turn 
on the Bible search light. Oh what an 
alliance it reveals. 

A matter having great weight with 
me is this. I have known in my twenty- 
seven years in this country, about a score 
of men converted, who stood well up in 
Masonry at the time of their conversion, 
w4io immediately have seen it obligatory 
upon them to at once clear themselves 
of all connections w^th Masonry, owing- 
to the utterly unchristian conditions it 
involved inside the lodge and out. I 
could name a general, a barrister, an 
educationalist, a railway of^ficial, two mis- 
sionaries and many others of responsible 
position, who have walked out on con- 
version, untutored, who have ever after 
advised young Christians to keep out. 
Freemasonry in India helps defeat jus- 
tice. I can cite several cases. It is the 
iiidden hand that does great injustice in 
the matters of promotion in employ- 
ment, etc., in the India service. I do 
not know one lodge in India not harbor- 
ing some shameless or drunken men. 
They are not dealt with or turned out, 
but are harbored and shielded with their 
sins. It is not always so, but it is often 
so as I have seen. 

The India \\'atchman, for more than 
twenty years was an agency by which lit- 
erature on this great question went out 
over India. But the Watchman was 
closed up last year. Recently the bal- 
ance of stock of holiness. anti-Roman, 
and anti-secret literature came into my 
hands. One gets little sympathy or en- 
couragement in this cause here. .Yet this 



May. 1904. 

only proyes the need. I am a busy mis- 
sionary, yet I \yill do all I can to spread 
tiie light, for I pray that our Indian 
Christians may not become pickled with 
^Masonry as the American is. I solicit 
tlic prayers and sympathy of friends in 
America in this cause. I would like to 
spend $100 this year, in scattering judici- 
ously in this land, literature on the 
secrecy question. Are there any friends 
who -will help me in doing it ?> 

God is greatly blessing mission work 
in India. The devil is not less active in 
trying to destroy its value. Secrecy is 
one of the devices. Yours in the cause. 

C. B. Ward. 


Coiiiiiient «)ii Kev. W. E. Grouser's Claim in 
February Cynosure of Beinj^ a True Luth- 
eran and Oddfellow. 

The true Lutheran church does not 
permit any of her pastors to be a lodge 
member. If I should join a secret society- 
to-day, my Synod would dismiss me to- 
morrow, unless I would repent; I don't 
wish to have the expressions "to-day" 
and "to-morrow" understood literally, 
l)ut simply to bring out the fact that a 
true Lutheran pastor cannot be a lodge 
member. Nearly all of our congrega- 
tions have the so-called "lodge para- 
graph" in their constitution, according to 
which no one who is a lodge member can 
become a member of the Lutheran 
church, and we pastors are bound by our 
conscience to do all in our powder to keep 
lodge members out of our congregations. 

This is the true Lutheran spirit toward 
"secret societyism," and this spirit has its 
source in the Holy Scriptures : "This 
then is the message which w^e have heard 
of Him, and declare unto you, tliat God 
is light, and in Him is no darkness at all." 
If we say that we have fellowship with 
Him- (as true Lutheran Christians and 
earnest pastors) and walk in darkne-ss 
(as faithful Odd Fellows) w^e lie, and 
do not the truth." Again : "As ye 
have heard that anti-Christ shall come 
even now are there many anti-Christs 
(and who is not systematically working 
as anti-Christs if not the secret socie- 
ties?) wherebv we know that it is the 
last time. They went out from us, but 
thev were not of us." Who is a liar but 

he that denieth that Jesus is the Christ? 
"Whosoever denieth the Son, the same 
hath NOT the j^^ather." 

No, no, it is absolutely impossible to be 
a faithful ()dd Fellow and at the same 
time an earnest Lutheran pastor, utterly 
impossible it is ! Rev. Grouser should 
know that the Lutheran church is might- 
ily opposed to secret societies principally 
on account of their denial of Christ as the. 
only way to salvation. That's the point I 
Yours sincerely, 

(Rev.) J. Haefner, 
Ev.-Luth. Pastor. 

Ottumwa, la., ]\Iarch 22, 1904. 

Feb. 9, 1904. 
Rev. W. Post, Olean, N. Y. : 

Dear Brother Post: I admire your ac- 
tivity at your time of life. In reading 
your pamphlet I find one thing that I 
know not to be true; that in Congress 
Chaplain Alilburn was forbidden to use 
the name of Jesus in prayer. He told 
me himself that he frequently used it and 
that there was no reason why he should 
not. Moreover, he invited me to open the 
Senate' with prayer, and I did so and 
closed "in the name of Jesus Christ our 
Lord," and told him beforehand that I in- 
tended to do it, and he concurred with it. 
So when a'ou get out another edition of 
that pamphlet you ought to take that out. 
Sincerely yours, J. M.. Buckley, 

Editor Christian Advocate- 

February II, 1904. 
The National Christian Association, 

(Gentlemen : — I happened to pick up a 
sample copy of the "Christian Cynosure.'^ 
I started to read it and did not stop till 
I had finished it. I was so impressed 
with it that you will please find enclosed 
the amount of a year's subscription. 

Rev. J. A. Schert. 

Dublin, Ind., Feb. 9, 1904. 
I am very much interested always in 
perusing the column.s of tlie Cynosure. 
I think it not only .advocates a much 
needed reform in the churches, but i 
think the time will come, in the provi- 
dence of God, when the churches will be 
compelled to take their stand against the 

Bishop Halleck Floyd. 

May, 1004. 





**\Vho Hath Delivered Us from the Power of 
Darkness." Col. 1:1. J. 

(Address, by Kev. W. Stanl»^v I'osr in TrciiKiiit 
Teuiplc. Hostou. April H. 1!HI4, before the New 
Eii;rl;uid ("hristiaii Association.! 

The Rev. Ernest Lee Thompson, in his 
address before the IlHnois conference 
(February last), beg-an by saying- "That 
there are places in the Rocky Mountains 
where one breath of wind determines 
whether the raindrops shall be salted with 
Atlantic or Pacific brine." 

I have very carefully read his address 
throug;h several times, and as I under- 
stand the use and meaning of words, in 
relating his experience I recognize the 
force of the illustration so far as it ap- 
plies to the beginning- of his lodge career, 

but after he was once well under wa\- 
"fleeing from the presence of the Lord," 
as I understand him. "The Lord ( w.'is 
compelled to) send out a great wind intu 
the sea and there \vas a might}' tempest 
in the sea, so that the ship was like to be 

With mxself it was different. Li the 
days of luy youth at home 1 cannot re- 
member hearing the lodge spoken of in 
an_\' way, good, bad or indiff'erent. My 
father and grandfather were both home 
bodies. I never knew either of them to 
be away at night, unless some urgent du- 
t}' made it necessary. Sunday and ])ra}er 
lueeting nights the house was closed and 
its inmates could be found at the jdace 
where prater was wont to be made. 

The m\steries of the lodge never ap- 



INIay. 1904. 

pealed to my mind for solution, except 
perchance in a boyish way I may have 
wondered what they did, but aside from 
that, the personnel of the home lodge was 
of such a character as to forbid any se- 
rious suggestions. If there ever was ''a 
breath of wind," Providence directed that 
it should always blow from the east, and 
had I been tempted to turn my face in 
the direction from whence "cometh mys- 
tic light and knowledge," I am quite cer- 
tain that the cutting severity of the storm- 
burdened gale would have caused me to 
face about and feast my vision upon the 
beauties of the "Golden Gate." 

To-day I can see more clearly the hand 
of God in guarding my youth with such 
favored environments, the silent, though 
mighty, influences which emanate from 
the pure atmosphere of a Christian home. 

If my ancestors had been lodge men or 
club women, it is quite improbable that 
my presence would grace an occasion 
like this ; in a word, their manner of liv- 
ing has, in this particular, been the stand- 
ard and rule of my life. 

I think we often overlook or underesti- 
mate the mightiest of forces because of 
their silence and also because of our in- 
ability to discover with the uncultivated 
sense of perception the marked person- 
ality with which such powers are in- 

We read that in the beginning "The 
Spirit of God" brooded over all the works 
of creation. God said, "Let there be 
light;" and our first parents lived in the 
resplendent atmosphere of a spotless Ar- 

How charming is this story of 
man in paradise ; and then as we read, be-' 
hold a cloud overshadowed the day, and 
shut out the glory of the sun; night set- 
tled down over the earth ; man fell from 
his high estate, and sin began to reign. 
Nor has the condition changed with the 
flight of. time, for in the world to-day 
there are two dominant forces which 
move and control the actions of men, di- 
rectly or otherwise. One is the power of 
Light and Love ; the other the Dynasty of 
Evil — the power of Darkness. 

What is it? In a word, it is the power 
of sin. W^e all know something about the 
terrible fascination of sin, in one form or 

another. It has been described as a 
"sweet morsel." It does not always ap- 
pear hateful. "There is a way that seem- 
eth right to a man." Men are coaxed, 
not driven, hence its deceptiveness and 

The unsophisticated youth from the 
hills gazes with admiring wonder at the 
gilded portals of the concert hall, out 
from which .float strains of music and the 
perfumes of an Arabian garden. He 
stands spell-bound studying the statu- 
ary, paintings and costly furnishings of 
the gambling parlors whither he has been 
lured. He is charmed with the bewitch- 
ing surroundings of the brothel — and 
then he recalls father's and mother's 
words when he left home : "Let not thine 
heart decline to her ways, go not astray 
in her paths ; her house is the way to hell, 
going down to the chambers of death." 
And the young man fancies that father 
and mother are foolish, or prejudiced, or 
ignorant, for surely these things are all 
so different from what they thought and 
said they were. He has never crossed the 
threshold of a low-down grog shop, 
where blear-e3'ed and bloated-faced crim- 
inals hide from courts of justice. In the 
poolroom he finds men young and old 
of respectable appearance, bankers, mer- 
chants and gentlemen of leisure. He 
would not be found in company with 
some rum-cursed night-hag more familiar 
with the police station than the wretched 
hovel she calls her home. Ah, no! not 
he ! More than that, these things flour- 
ish in the light of day, little or no attempt 
at concealment — open doors, warm wel- 
comes, good cheer, day and night alike. 
Indeed, it would be difiicult to find sin in 
more attractive form or alluring robe 
than this for the average youth. But we 
wdio are older and wiser know that these 
places are the recruiting stations of the 
Power of Darkness, and if some young 
man about to leave his' quiet country 
home to try the fortunes of city life 
should come to me for advice, I should 
certainly warn him to shun these lairs of 
"The beasts of Ephesus." And should I 
stop there? Possibly so; at least I should 
feel that I had mentioned the temptations 
he would be most likely to encounter. It 
is possible I might overlook an insidious 
hidden foe, dressed in the garb of respect- 

May. 19<i4. 



ability, speaking the language of Holy 
Writ, and claiming among its supporters 
and partisan champions venerable men 
from the days of King Solomon to Presi- 
dent Roosevelt. 

It is of this secret dynamic force I wish 
to speak, under the caption THE POW- 
ER OF DARKNESS. And what a com- 
parison I have made. Shall I be under- 
stood to say that the lodge system is as 
great a menace to the moral and spiritual 
life of our youth as the saloon, the pool- 
room and the brothel ? 

Standing by my side in the pulpit is 
the minister of the Gospel of Jesus Christ 
— a lodge 'man; living next door a good 
neighbor — a lodge man ; the merchant 
with whom I trade — a lodge man ; men 
to whom I- preach upon Sabbath day — 
lodge men — and I must consider before 
I reply. It's a solemn charge I bring 
against them, and I feel the responsibility 
as the judge who pronounces the sentence 
of death upon the criminal before him. 

How shall I answer this question ? 
Where my authority ? Not so long ago I 
received a letter from a minister — a lodge 
man — in which I was taken to task for 
some things I had written him in regard 
to Masonry. I will quote a few lines 
here, and other parts of the letter later 
on. The writer said : "Do not throw 
rocks at fraternal organizations unless 
you are personally rock-pioof ; some one, 
not a stranger, as I am, and not a Chris- 
tian professor, might then find with a 
pebble flung from a boys' sling your 
weakness or exposed place. For years, 
oft" and on, I have received Cynosure and 
Boston literature. It is well known many, 
if not all, of the writers are 'blackballed' 
men — that is, men who have tried to get 
in and could not, or, if once members, 
were expelled. Did you ever seek ad- 
mission ? Have you ever been a member 
of any lodge, or is your information sim- 
ply from Cynosure?'' 

The inference (as I take it) is, that the 
writers who contribute to the columns of 
Cynosure and Boston literature are not 
trustworthy authorities because they are 
''blackballed or expelled men." Such a 
supposition is startling, to say the least. 
Shall I presume to think or say that be- 
cause a man has been "blackballed or 
expelled" from a ^lasonic lodge he is no 

longer capable of ascertaining or speak- 
ing the truth? Courts of justice make 
use of the testimony of "blackballed" 
criminals who turn State's evidence ; and 
I certainly feel justified in accepting the 
statements of the men whose names ap- 
pear in the last number of Cynosure as 
that of any Mason who stands behind his 
lodge door and bids me look out for rocks 
or pebbles that may happen my wa}'. 

Man loves power, always has, al- 
ways will. History is replete with 
examples where men have sacrificed any 
and everything that they might be able 
to "say to one man go, and he goeth, 
and to another come, and he cometh, and 
to my servant do this, and he doeth it." 
Everywhere we may find evidences of the 
power of man over his fellows; — the pow- 
er of eloquence, of sympathy, of kindness, 
of law, of music, of love, of truth, of 
character, of conscience, of custom, of re- 
ligion, of society, of state, of nation — 
and the exercise of such power, when 
rightly used, proves a blessing to hu- 
manity. But when perverted it is perni- 
cious and damning. The Pharisees who 
sat "In ]M OSes' seat would not go into 
the kingdom themselves, neither would 
they allow those entering to go in." And 
men not only love power, but Jesus said 
that: "Men loved darkness because 
their deeds were evil.'' That's the only 
real apology that men can truthfully oft'er 
for secrecy. It's the whole thing in a 
nutshell. Jesus spoke the truth, for He 
was the truth. There is a certain 
charm about the mysteries of the lodge 
room, so aptly described b>' the Rev. 
E. L. Thompson when he says : ^ "That 
demoniacal or divine spirit of inquisitive- 
ness turned and carried me into them." 
And is not this the tragedy of Eden in 
n-iodern form? "Ye shall be as Gods. ' 
Dr. Albert G. ]\Iackey, in his "^^lanual of 
the Lodge" (page 29). says: "We have 
justly assumed the title of 'Sons ot 
Light.' '' (It has occurred to me that it 
is more than passing strange that these 
"Sons of Light" should all be born into 
this world of "mental illumination and 
spiritual light" at night.) However, the 
suggestion that there is something mys- 
terious, perchance forbidden, arouses 
within us the suspicibn that there is 
something desirable to know ; I confess 



Miiy. 1904. 

to a weakness in this direction, and once 
in an unguarded moment I yielded ; how- 
ever, there were certain extenuating cir- 
cumstances, which in a measure mitigate'! 
m}" guilt. 1 was a youth of 15 or 18 
years. The hre alarm soinided in the still 
of the night : I hurriedly dressed myself 
and rushed with the crowxl to the burning 
building, on the third floor of which was 
a IMasonic lodge room. There w'as no po- 
lice patrol, and everybody helped or hin- 
dered, as the case might be. I saw dif- 
ferent articles of furnittire ; books from 
several law libraries : some goods from 
the two stores underneath, removed by 
willing hands ; but there was one thing 
I looked for and did not see, and how it 
could ever have been taken from the 
building and escape the notice of a wide- 
awake boy was more than I could com- 
prehend. The building w^as nearly ruined, 
water and wreckage everywhere, but, 
boylike, I with several companions 
climbed up the half burned stairs to the 
lodge room. The sight of heavy cur- 
tains, expensive carpets and broken fur- 
niture, all spoiled, had rather a depressing 
etrect upon this demoniacal or divine spir- 
it of inquisitiveness." How^ever, my cu- 
riosity w'as not gratified. I had a heavier 
burden on my heart : the place had al- 
ways possessed a mystery ; I had heard 
some strange stories, which I partially, 
if not wholly, believed, and this surely 
was the chance of a lifetime, for my real 
errand upon that third floor was to find 
"The Lodge Goat." I felt very sure he 
had not been taken from the building, and 
] confess I should not have been siu'- 
prised if I had found his mangled, 
charred carcass anywdiere amid that scene 
of confusion. My guilt lay in the fact 
that I w^as old enough to know better, but 
that's the boy of it : more, it's the first 
and the last time I ever entered a lodge 

Not so wdth many. As the boy de- 
velops into the man the fascination of this 
mystery growls, it preys upon his mind ; 
and, deceived by wdiat he is permitted 
to see and hear upon ftmeral occasions, 
public receptions and the ceremonies at- 
tending the laying of corner stones, he is 
led to believe that "the lodge is the hand- 
maid of the church," therefore a goo'd 
thing ; and then some night behind the 

drawn curtains and guarded doors he 
is told to take the shoes from his feet, 
"For the ground whereon thou standest 
is holy ground." "There he stands with- 
out the portals, asking the withdrawal of 
the veil which conceals divine truth from 
his uninitiated sight — the truth of God 
and the soul, the matter and essence of 
both which constitutes the chief design 
of all Masonic teaching." 

If that isn't enough to make angels 
weep and devils laugh, I do not know 
where it is to be found. Here the youth 
from a Christian home where God and 
Christ are worshiped is told that "The 
speculative Mason is engaged in the con- 
struction of a spiritual temple, pure and 
spotless, fit for the dwelling place of Him 
w ho is the author of purity, wdiere God 
is to be worshiped in spirit and in truth." 
Here the aspirant is told that for a cer- 
tain period he is "to remain in darkness.'' 
Hence darkness became the symbol of in- 
itiation. Applied to Masonic symbolism, 
it is intended to remind the candidate of 
his ignorance, which Masonry is to en- 
lighten ; of his evil nature, which Mason- 
ry is to* purify ; of the world, in whose ob-^ 
scurity he has been wandering, and from 
wdiich iMasonry is to rescue him." 

After a long, dark journey he is in- 
formed that "He has reached the last step 
and is now ready to receive the full fru- 
ition of human learning." And yet with- 
in five minutes the statement is modified 
in this wise : "It is one of the most beau- 
tiful, but at the same time abstruse, doc- 
trines of the science of Masonic symbol- 
ism that the Mason is to be ever in search 
of truth, but never to find it." 

Then the youth raises his voice in 
song : 

"Hail ]Ma.sonr,v divine, 
(llory of ages shine; 

Long- may'st tlion reign! 
Where'er thy Lodges stand, 
^Liy they have great command, 
And always grace tlie land. 

Thou art divnie." 

DIVINE! And still Dr. Mackey in 
this same book tells us 'that "Freemascmry 
consists of a speculative science founded 
on an operative art." 

And upon this question of what Mason- 
ry really is, in origin, principle and pur- 
pose, there are wide differences of opin- 

May. ]004. 



ion, even among- Masons themselves. 
Again I quote from the letter mentioned 
a few moments ago: "I have never heard 
of any of the fraternal organizations 
claiming to be a church or religious or- 
ganization. They have no creeds, doc- 
trines or dogmas : they are human organi- 
zations, and for beneficiary and social 
purposes ; the\' have no inspired text- 
book. There are Christless schools, acad- 
emies, etc. The educational system is not 
only Christless. but (kxlless, yet it is not 
immoral ; indeed, is nobly moral." 

And these words are from the pen of a 
minister of the Gospel of Jesus Christ — 
a Mason. It is indeed difficult to un- 
derstand how a man of sober judgment 
and Christian education could stand in the 
presence of the educators of our youth to- 
day and thus commit himself in such a 
sweeping, unqualified statement, the 
sophism of which is so illogical and fal- 
lacious as to need no further comment 
than Christless India or Africa. 

I have read somewhere of a little girl 
who sees everything bottom side up and 
backwards. To her the whole world is 
topsy-turvy. The doctors are greath' 
puzzled over the case. This is a rare 
physical imperfection, but it is very com- 
mon mentally and morally. Every dav 
we see people to whom sin has turned 
things wrong side up and back\vard to 
their gaze. If men sin against their own 
light and knowledge there comes to be 
a time when their perception is confused 
and they call evil good and good evil. 
The powers of darkness hope for no 
greater victory than to addle a man's 
mind, muddle his brain, stifle his con- 
science, harden his heart and dwarf his 

Suppose Jesus Christ to have said that 
the church which He founded here on 
earth was a divine organization, and its 
mission was to teach the truth of God, 
and the soul, and to enlighten the mind, 
purify the heart and make it a fit temple 
for the presence of the Holy Spirit. Then 
a few days later he was heard to sa\- that 
His religion was a "Speculative science 
founded on operative art." 

And then St. John held still dififerent 
views. To his mind it was "a human or- 
g-anization for 1)eneficiary and social pur- 
poses." And St. Peter, while admittiiiii- 

it to be "nobly moral,'' nevertheless de- 
clared it to be "not only Christless, but 
(iodless.'' Wouldn't it require an amaz- 
ing lot of nerve to believe any such like- 
ly sophistry? lUit what is the testimony 
of the men who have been "delivered 
from the power of darkness?" Men as 
well qualified to speak intelligentl\- and 
truthfully as St. John, when he says : 
"We have seen and do testify.'' And 
what is their testimony? It is as the 
voice of one man, "that they submitted to 
things beneath the dignit}- of true man- 
hood ;" that "they were hoodwinked and 
made fools of;" that "they played the 
clown for the crowd and were ashamed 
of it ;" "that when they offered prayer in 
all sincerity oi heart they were mocked by 
men whose lives were as dark as the 
devil ;" that "their spiritual life was weak- 
ened ;" that "white-headed, blasphemous 
infidels read from the ritual a burial serv- 
ice that they did not believe a word of ;" 
that "ministers of the Gospel of Christ 
would stand at the grave of a brewer and 
drunken bloat and say 'that it had pleased 
our Heavenly Father to take unto Him- 
self the soul of the departed and that our 
fellowship which was so sweet was 
broken but for a few days.' " 

In my address before this association 
in November, 1902, I cited the instance 
of a saloon keeper who was \\^orshipful 
?v I aster of a lodge. As I left the build- 
ing I heard my name spoken, and, turn- 
ing, was addressed by a gentleman who 
(in a very courteous way) asked: "Did 
I understand you to say that the \\'orship- 
ful Master you referred to was a saloon 
keeper?" I replied in the affirmative. 
"That," said he, "is quite an exceptional 
instance, indeed." He then added: "I 
enjoyed your address ver}' nuich." and 
bade me a pleasant "good evening." How 
often have I recalled five words of that 
conversation, "representative man of his 
class." Truly, he represents a class upon 
whom the wrath of God has been pro- 
nounced, for no drunkard shall enter 
heaven. Still, he was a kingpin in that 
divine, human organization whose alleged 
mission it is to teach men the truth of 
Gotl— and of the soul. 

And we who speak against this i:K3wer 
of secrecy are told that we rake up these 
exceptional instances and represent them 



May, 1901. 

as typical conditions to be found every- 

We are told that the church has its 
faults ; that it is open to criticism. Which 
charge we reluctantly admit. But why 
make the comparison between the church 
and the lodge? We do not propose to 
analyze the imperfections or shortcom- 
ings of either, but we do strike at the 
principles for which they stand and 
by which they are controllled. Now we 
are ready to compare the two : 

Jesus Christ said : "I am the Light of 
the world.'' Does Masonry admit or teach 
that? Among its ancient, but now dis- 
carded symbols, was "The Blazing Star.'' 
It is said by Webb to be commemorative 
of the star which appeared to guide the 
wise men of the East to the place of our 
Saviour's nativity. This, which is one of 
the ancient interpretations of the symbol, 
being considered as too sectarian in its 
character, and unsuitable to the universal 
religion of Masonry, has been discarded 
since the meeting of the Grand Lecturers 
at Baltimore in 1842. One of the prom- 
inent professional gentlemen of the State 
of Massachusetts was recently asked by 
a devout Christian lady, for whom he 
had the highest regard : "Why is it that 
Christ's name is ignored by Masonry?'' 
His reply was : "Simply because Mason- 
ry was organized in the days of King Sol- 
omon, before Christ was born." But he 
failed to say that in taking the Mark 
Masters' degree that the Right Worship- 
ful Master read from the second chapter 
of the first Epistle of Peter several pas- 
sages of Scripture. But as Albert G. 
]\Iackey explains, with slight but 
necessary modifications. And what 
are those modifications? The Scripture 
refers to a living stone, disallowed in- 
deed of men, but chosen of God, and 
precious. Behold I lay in Zion, for a 
foundation, a tried stone, a precious cor- 
ner stone, a sure foundation, etc., etc. 
To whom does St. Peter refer? He does ' 
not leave us in doubt, for he assures us 
that this sure foundation is "Even Christ 
Jesus'." Is the candidate so instructed?' 
Is Jesus' name mentioned? To the con- 
trary, the name of Christ is cut out of 
that Scripture, and lodge is opened in 
the name of God and Hiram Abiff. A 
pretty nice combination, and the "Slight 

but necessary modifications" is nothing 
more or less than leaving* out "The Light 
of the World." "And if the light that 
is in thee be darkness, how great is that 

Again Jesus said : "Ye shall know the 
truth, and the truth shall make you free.'^ 
What saith the book of Masons? 
"It is one of the most beautiful, but at 
the same time abstruse, doctrines of Ma- 
sonic symbolism that the Mason is to be 
ever in search of truth,, but never to 
find it." 

Most people are ready to admit that 
this is "abstruse," but few indeed would 
consider it either "beautiful or profitable'' 
to be ever in search of truth with no pros- 
pect of ever finding it. 

In the words of Philip Payne, in hi? 
novel, "The Mills of Man," I affirm that 
"Power is a fearful thing," and "To have 
power is to have a night-hag on one's 

If ever the devil distinguished himself,, 
it was when he designed, organized and 
systematized a power that should forever 
hold its votaries in the bondage of dark- 

But my correspondent, who evident- 
ly questions the veracity of the "black- 
balled or expelled men" whose names- 
grace the pages of Cynosure, further in- 
timates that the lodge does "engage in 
charities," such as "taking care of the 
aged, the sick, pays nurses, pays funeral 
expenses, educates orphans, supports 
widows, has all things in common like 
the early church." In a word, it is a hu- 
man (or humane) organization for "ben- 
eficiary and social purposes." I accept 
this last statement, social purposes, with- 
out a doubt. I have before me a news- 
paper clipping giving an account of the 
last social event, under the auspices of 
the lodge of which my reverend corre- 
spondent is a member : 

It was ladies' night, and the gentler 
sex was entertained with music, refresh- 
ments and dancing, Wednesday evening,, 
March 23, 1904. And they were all 
there — wives, daughters' and sweethearts. 
And the men were all there, even to the 
saloon keeper who rendered a selection 
upon the piano in admirable style, and the 
dear ladies who turn their faces and hur- 
ry by his establishment, or fail to rec- 

May, 1904. 



ognize him upon the street in the light of 
day, could now hobnob with him and his 
patrons to their hearts' content. (That's 
meeting on the level.) 

And then of course the minister was 
there, and he delivered an entertaining 
and instructive address on Masonry, re- 
vealing some of the important features of 
the institution. 

And then dancing was the order of the 
evening. Now, dancing, in this particu- 
lar town, is the crowning feature of all its 
social events ; I don't know when I have 
heard of half a dozen people of opposite 
sex coming together, except at a prayer 
meeting or a funeral, and not dancing or 
playing cards. 

As to the benevolences of this vener- 
able order, I am hardly qualified to speak. 
However, I think that the clear-headed 
business man, irom an economical point 
of view, would prefer to take a physi- 
cian's examination, get the best policy 
that could be written, pay his premium, 
and do it all in the broad light of day, 
and not be bothered sitting up until mid- 
night, in the lodge room, once or twice 
a week, in order to keep his insurance in 

In case of sickness the average man 
would prefer the attention of a loved 
mother, wife or sister, supplemented with 
the skill of the trained nurse, rather than 
be disturbed with the presence of a couple 
of sleepy strangers, about as much inter- 
ested in the man and his family as the 
president of a life insurance company 
would be under the same conditions. 

When I hear of insurance companies 
caring for the aged, the sick, paying 
nurse and funeral expenses, educating or- 
phans, supporting widows, and doing all 
this for ''sweet charity's sake," then, and 
not until then, will I believe in Masonic 

I have yet to hear that Masonry ever 
gave a farthing that it did not contract to 
give, or for which it was not previously 
well paid to do, or in very many instances 
could possibly escape doing. 

Finally, my worthy correspondent re- 
minds me that "The same thing appeals 
differently to different people,'' according 
to ''capacity, sensibility and experience," 
and am truly grateful that God has so or- 
dered, or more likely than not we would 

all be Masons, or something else. And 
then when I turn to the words of St.. 
Paul I find there one thing that ought to 
appeal to us all, no matter alx)ut "ca- 
pacity, sentiment or experience." This 
is his admonition : "The night is far 
spent, the day is at hand ; let us therefore 
cast off the works of darkness, and let us 
put on the armor of light." 

And again : "Thanks unto the Father 
which hath made us meet to be partakers 
of the inheritance of the saints in light ; 
Avho hath delivered us from the power of 
darkness, and translated us into the king- 
dom of His dear Son." 

Friends, this is God's cause. It is un- 
popular with men, but I feel that it meets 
with divine approval. Let us labor faith* 
fully, patiently, * prayerfully ; knowing 
this, that the power of heaven is greater 
than the powers of hell. 

Our readers will be interested to- 
learn that P. A. Seguin, Amboy, ]\Iiiin., 
one of the many priests who left the 
Catholic church under the ministry of 
Father Chiniquy, was set upon, beaten 
and seriously injured by a mob at Dike, 
la., on October 12. Bro. Sequin had; 
been lecturing on Romanism. One of 
the best ways to aid our brothers is to 
buy some of the books which he has for 
sale. Among these are Fox's "Book of 
Martyrs," $3.50; "Assassination of Lin- 
coln," $1.25; "Fifty Years in the Church 
of Rome," Chiniquy, $2.50; "Why 
Priests Should Wed," cloth. $1.50; 
paper, $0.75 ; "Romanism Not Christian- 
ity," $0.75 ; "Plain Talks About Roman- 
ism of To-day," $0.80; "Convent Life 
Unveiled," $1.50; "Pen Points as to the 
Papacy," paper, $0.35 ; "Footprints of 
the Jesuits," Thompson, cloth. $2.25 ; 
and many other books on Romanism,. 
a list of which, with prices, will be cheer- 
fully furnished by Bro. Seguin. Address 
P. A. Seguin, Amboy, Minn. 

Every Elijah has his ravens. There 
is no Cherith so narrow but some wing 
from God can enter it ; there is none so 
deep but some stream of blessing can 
find its wav throusfh it. 

Cheerful people and a refreshings 
breeze on a hot dav are alwavs welconie^ 



May. l?m. 


Address by Rev. J. M. Foster, President New 
Kii^land Christian Association, in Conven- 
tion Treniont Temple, Boston, April 5, 1904. 

Let us study one cliapter in Israel's 
]ii story with a view of ascertaining the 
X)rinciples of the divine government in- 
volved. In the thirty-second chapter of 
Exodus there is a strange apostacy re- 
corded. Closes had been absent in the 
mount for forty days. The people grew 
impatient. They waited upon Aaron, the 
High Priest, and demanded that he make 
them gods to go before them. "As for 
this Moses, we wot not what has be- 
come of him." Aaron complied. The 
ornaments of the people, their golden ear- 
rings, were called for. These were melt- 
ed in the furnace and molded into the 
likeness of a calf, and graven with tools. 
*'These be thy gods, O Israel!" was the 
shout of the camp. This was the first 
stage, the corruption and rejection of the 
true faith. The second followed imme- 
diate!}'. It was the wildest and foulest 
hcentiousness. "The people sat down to 
eat and drink, and rose up to play." They 
had parted \\ith the ornaments of truth ; 
:and the badge of degradation and pollu- 
tion adhered to them. The third stage 
was quickly reached. 2\Ioses came down 
from the mount, bearing the tables of 
law. AMien he saw the golden calf, he 
dashed the tables of the law to pieces 
at the foot of the mount. Then he called : 
''Who is on the Lord's side? Who?" 
And the sons of Levi gathered about 
him. These be ordered to gird on their 
swords and go out of the gates- of the 
camp and slay every man his brother. 
Three thousand ^^'ere slain. Fratricidal 
strife, destruction, misery, are the tliird 
stage, and the last. These all followed 
each other in a moment suddenly with 
Israel. lUit they illustrate what is ex- 
perienced by other nations in slower 
stages. The forces that have been gath- 
ering in the heart of the mountain for 
centuries burst out in the sudden erup- 
tion of the volcano in Martinicfue. The 
Reign of Terror in France was the re- 
sult of centuries of preparation. The war 
of the rebellion in our own land began 
two hundred and fifty years before, when 
the first slave entered the James river. 
<jod deals with nations as corporate 

bodies, as moral beings. When they re- 
ject ( iod they become corrupt. This cor- 
ruption destroys the moral life of the peo- 
ple. It is self-destructive and brings 
down God's judgments upon the people. 
"Wlieresoever the carcass is, thither will 
the vultures be gathered together." 

The First Stajjre of Apostacj Is the Nations' 
Conii)roniisiny: and Ultimately Kejectinji: 
Its Alley:iance to Christ, the Kinij. 

Note that in Israel's apostacy there 
were two parties, the high priest and the 
people. And observe also that the people 
and not the priests were the movers. It 
was not the priest's device which he per- 
suaded the people to accept. It originated 
in the depraved hearts of the people. 
They demanded the priest that he serve 
them in making gods for their use. And 
the priest served them. It is generally 
aflirmed that the teachers of the people 
are responsible for heresy. But that is 
not true, either historically or philosoph- 
ically. And history is philosophy teach- 
ing by example. "It is like people, like 
priest." Take our higher criticism. 
Where did it originate ? With the peo- 
ple. The congregation grows restive un- 
der the 'old-fashioned law gospel. They 
wait upon their pastor and inform him 
that his people are dissatisfied with his 
preaching, and either he must give them 
what they want or the\- will change their 
pastor. So the poor man, to save his 
face and please the people and keep his 
pulpit, seeks a way of modifying the gos- 
pel. And the higher critics find him and 
say : "Tell them the first five books of 
the Bible were not written by Moses ; 
that they are not history, but only ro- 
mance ; that there were two Isaiahs and 
may be more ; that hell means the valley 
of Hinnom, where fires were kept burn- 
ing to cremate the city offal, and that for- 
ever means only to the end of the age." 
And so the preacher appears with his 
new gospel and says: "Brethren, if you 
continue in sin }ou will be condemned, 
as it were ; you will be lost, so to speak ; 
you will go to hell, in a measure." And 
the people say: "What a wonderful 
man !" Who made that calf? 

Sometimes the people find what the 
deacons of Park Street Church foun4 
when they waited on Dr. Lansing. In- 
stead of agreeing to hold his peace 
against the liquor traffic, the lodge, the 

Mi\y, 1904. 



social evils, stock gambling, he replied, 
in the language of John Knox before the 
Trivv Council of Scotland: "1 am in a 
place wiicre i am demanded of (lod to 
speak the truth, therefore truth 1 speak. 
Impug-n it who list." Ihit Dr. Lansmg 
did not keep his pul])it. Note the reason 
assigne;! by the ])eople : "As for Moses, 
we wot not what has become of him." 
Thev could not "endure as seeing ilim 
that is invisible." They would not put 
forth the energy and effort necessary to 
a life of faith. This is the weakness of 
fallen human nature. Out of confession 
to this weakness the Son of Cjod became 
incarnate: "Immanuel, Ck)d with us." 
lUit after lie had made an atonement for 
our sins, lie was exalted to God's right 
hand and we see iiim no more. 1 ie reigns 
l)v the ifol}' S]jirit with invisible, but al- 
mighty, power. While lie is still seen 
bv the e\ e of faith, honored by those who 
believe, the carnal mind cannot accept 
His dominion. And hence a gigantic and 
fascinating ritualism was created in the 
church. The idols, and priests, and al- 
tars, and vestments, and choirs, and in- 
struments, and art and architecture of 
Rome i^agan were grafted upon Rome 
Papal and the "dark ages" settled upon 
Europe. And hence there are in our own 
land 70,000 lodges with so many altars 
and priests and worship "of these things 
they sacrifice to devils and not to. God." 
And the 6,000,000 men and the $250,000,- 
000 ar.nual expense are taken from the 
church and the home. And these men, 
like little children, parade the streets with 
their white aprons, brass buttons, pewter 
swords, epaulets, sashes and plumes. 
Who made that calf? And hence, after 
one hundred and sixty years of His fa- 
vor, from the settlement of the colonies 
imtil the birth of our nation, this people 
adopted a national constitution which ig- 
nored the authority and law of the Iving 
of Kings, and set up. "We, the people," 
as the political idol. Like Israel in her 
subscciuent history, we have nudtipHed 
our idols. 

i. There is the idol of I^ublic Opinion. 
It is asserted that the voice of the peo- 
ple is the voice of (jod. That is utterly 
imtrue. ( )ne day the ])eople at Sinai 
said : "All that the Lord hath said will 
"vve do and be obedient." Another day 

they worship the golden image. W1ien 
Jesus rode into Jerusalem on the ass' 
colt the people shouted, "Hozannah ! 
IHessecl is He that cometh in the name 
of the Lord." l^ut soon after the same 
voices cried: "Away with Him! Crucify 
d-iim!" in 1859 this nation shouted: 
"John l)rown is guilty ! Let him be ex- 
ecuted!" And the \ irginia hangmen 
carried out the verdict. Ijut within two 
years the "boys in blue" were marching 
thrcnigh the Southern States, singing : 
"John lirown's body lies moldering in 
the toml), but his soul goes marching on." 
Two or three years after the war the 
fourteenth and fifteenth amendments 
were adopted, and bonfires, illuminations, 
processions and firing of cannons ex- 
pressed the nation's joy. P>ut soon the 
(lulf States resisted the rights of the 
black citizens. They shot, they hung, 
they burned the blacks. This mob spirit 
advanced northward at the rate of a tier 
of States a year, imtil all but four States 
have had lynchings, the last in S])ring- 
field, Ohio, and it seems probable that 
such beastly crimes may be enacted on 
])Oston Common and under Bunker Hili 
monument. I-ublic opinion ! Who can 
tell what the ignorant, volatile, exasper- 
ated mob will say? 

2. Here is the idol of part}- spirit. 
The Reptiblicans would fain read a man 
out of their part}- who would not re- 
si;)ond to the ijarty whip. The Democrats 
are not less imperious. The labor unions 
would not allow any to have work who 
would not join their lodges. "Scabs" are 
])ests to them. The trusts would crush all 
small competitions and take the field for 
themselves, ^iany an Ahab has taken 
possession of Xaboth's vineyard in these 

3. There is the idol gold. We are 
substituting the reign of gold for the 
golden rule. ( )ur millionaire gold kings 
have more power than our President. 
( )ur billionaire gold kings have more 
])o\ver than King Edward \'ll. or the 
Kaiser of (Germany or the Czar of Russia. 
Money talks. Monc}" is power. Our 
financiers could stop the Russo-Japanese 
war by refusing to float their loans. 

4. There is the idol of fashion. Pres- 
ident Eliot complains that in the past 
twent}--five years twent}-eight per cent 



May. ll¥)4. 

of Harvard graduates did not marry, and 
of the rest they only averaged two chil- 
dren in each family. Often wives of 
rich merchants will not assume the sacred 
office of motherhood. They prefer dogs 
to children in their, homes. This is the 
fashion of the da}-, ^^'e are following. 
France in the decay of the family in 

5. There is the idol of drink. A 
young man goes into a saloon with 
money, an educated brain and a skill- 
ful hand. He comes out with an empt}* 
purse, a thick tongue, a foul mouth, gar- 
ments polluted with his vomit — a reeling. 
staggering drunkard. \Mio made that 
calf ? The saloon was near by the voting. 
Laboring men are demanding an increase 
in their wages. But an increase of wages 
always means an increase in the saloon 

6. There is the idol of the lodge. It 
is announced that ex-President Cleve- 
land, after sixty-seven years of freedom, 
is to become a ]\Iason. (The report was 
not true. — Ed. > Think of such a man as 
Cleveland, a man of such independence, 
being initiated ! Xeither naked nor 
clothed, neither barefoot nor shod, blind- 
folded and led about a lodge room I 
Think of him taking the oath of the En- 
tered Apprentice, swearing to keep the 
lodge secrets, on the Bible, in the name 
of God, on the penalty of having his 
throat cut, his tongue torn out by the 
roots, and his body buried on the rough 
sands of the sea at low-water mark. 
Think of him taking the fellowcraft oath, 
which, besides secrecy, adds a promise 
to abide by all lodge rules, obey signs and 
summonses, assist poor fellowcrafts, etc., 
under penalty of having his breast torn 
open and his heart plucked out and ex- 
posed, to be devoured by the vultures of 
the air, etc. Think of him taking the 
]^Iaster ^lason's oath, which adds the 
keeping of brother ^Master .Masons' se- 
crets, murder and treason excepted, and 
they left to his own discretion, binding 
him under no less a penalty than that of 
having his body severed in twain, his 
bowels taken out and burned to ashes, 
and the ashes scattered on the rough 
sands of the sea, where the tide ebbs 
and flows twice every twenty-four hours. 
Think of his taking the Royal Arch oath, 

which amends the above thus: 'Alurder 
and treason not excepted." Think of his- 
taking the following oath, after the 
Jubula, Tubulo, Jubulum scenes in which, 
the candidate for the third degree has 
been struck in the throat by the tirst ruf- 
iian, Jubula, and on the left breast by the 
second ruffian, jubulo, and in the boweis- 
by Jubulum. the third ruffian, who kills- 
him outright, and, at the end of fourteen 
days, he is raised from the grave : 

*T do promise and swear that I will not 
have carnal or illicit intercourse with the- 
wife, mother, daughter or sister of a , 
brother, of this degree, knowing her to 
be such, nor will I permit another brother 
of this degree to do so, if in my power to^ 
prevent it." 

The Second Staire Is Licentiousness. 

"The people sat down to eat and drink,,, 
and rose up to play." This is a descrip- 
tion of the wild and foul scenes enacted 
in Egypt in connection v/ith the feasts of 
their gods. These Israel had seen and 
now imitated. A\'hy does idolatry lead, 
to pollution and degradation of society? 
In may seem at first that the connection-, 
between intellectual error and national, 
degeneracy is far-fetched. But a little re- 
flection will make it apparent that the or- 
der is natural. Idolatry is accentuating 
some force in nature or some attribution,, 
and becomes the destruction of the di- 
vine order. Love without purity is ani- 
mal lust ; wisdom without truth is the ser- 
pent's cunning : courage without kindness- 
is the ferocity of the beast : power with- 
out goodness is oppression, and justice- 
without merc}- is wanton cruelt}'. Emu- 
lation is a noble sentiment. It is the de- 
sire to become one's best self, to rise to- 
the greatest possible attainments in the- 
use of honorable means. All cannot 
stand at the head of the class, but every- 
one can stand at the head of himself, to- 
realize the highest possibilities of him- 
self. But when the honorable principle 
is accentuated and promoted with undue 
and unworthy efl:"ort, it becomes envy, 
and that is reprehensible. It disregards- 
the rights of others in seeking to pro- 
mote its 'Own advantage. It exploits its 
own interest at the expense of others. 
Emulation is seeking to rise by the best 
use of all our powers. Envy is seeking 
to rise above others by- bringing theirt- 

May, 1904. 



down below us. It is right and our duty 
to seek the possession of earthly goods 
and -property in the use of legitimate 
means. But when. there is an undue haste 
to become rich and a heartless disregard 
for the rights of others in the process of 
-accumulating a fortune, as in stock gam- 
bling and concerning the market, it be- 
<^omes covetousness, and covetousness is 

There is a privacy that belongs of right 
to the home life. It is prudent to keep 
family affairs within the home. There 
is a privacy in business affairs whicli is 
safe and honorable; No wise man of 
-affairs will go publishing his business 
^concerns on the streets unless he courts 
defeat. Our civil courts sometimes ex- 
clude the public from a trial. Legisla- 
tures and Congress hold executive ses- 
rsions behind closed doors. But see, this 
is very dift"erent from secrecy. In fact, 
there is nothing secret about it. The 
public is taken into their confidence in 
■^very case at least. But in the secret 
lodge system the members are "sworn to 
-ever conceal and never reveal ;'' that is 
the perversion of privacy and an evil duc- 
tion, to secure better outputs, and to 
lower prices for consumers. But that 
right overdone makes the gigantic rob- 
ber, the coal trust, which held back coal 
during the winter famine, while many 
perished in the cold. And the coal min- 
•ers' union and coal operators' trusts are 
arrayed. against each other, each glaring 
at the other with drawn swords and 
Avhetting them for slaughter. The Gov- 
ernor of New Jersey said in a public 
meeting that our country is on the eve 
•of a great industrial war that will be 
more bloody and general than any in our 
liistory. The conditions that produced 
"the French Revolution exist here. The 
torch may be applied to the powder mag- 
azine at any moment. The foundations 
•of God's moral order are out of their 
-course and are being destroyed. If there 
is no God and no hereafter, and life is 
•only a feast, and every man is like a 
bird coming out of the darkness into the 
lighted banquet hall, swinging around the 
avails and out again into the darkness, 
the poor say: "Let us eat. drink and 
he merry, for to-morrow we die." But 
the rich say : "There is not room for all 

at this feast, and we are already seated 
at the table." "Well," the poor say, "you 
must rise and give place to us and not 
stand on the order of your going." Wlien 
that word is spoken, the deluge of blood 

"If the foundations be destroyed, 
what can the righteous do? God in His 
holy temple is, in heaven is His throne ; 
His eyes do see, his eyelids try men's 
sons; the just He proves, but His soul 
hates the wicked man and him that vio- 
lence loves. Snares, fire and brimstone, 
furious storms on sinners He shall reign, 
this as the portion of their cup doth unto 
them pertain." 

Family ties are regarded less seriously 
than a busmess contract. It took Rome 
eight centuries to descend from fam^ily 
purity to family leprosy in Oeliogabulus. 
How far have we descended in less than 
ten ! Rome fell because of licentiousness. 
She was honeycombed wdth corruption. 
The same corruption is creeping oyer us. 
The word corruption means to flow to- 
gether. An orange is divided into cells 
or sacks, each fillled with juice. While 
these walls are solid the fruit is sound. 
But when the cell w^all breaks the juices 
pour together and corruption or decay 
begins. The family is the cell of the so- 
cial body. Let these cells be kept firm 
and the social body is healthy. But let 
these be broken by divorce, by the social 
evil, and by adulterous marriages, and 
the corruption of society follows. Drunk- 
enness, suicide and murder foUlow this 
as pestilence follows war. And the fact 
tliat 6.000,000 men in this land are in 
the lodge, where they pretend to worship 
Deity while they sacrifice to devils, who 
exclude the Lord Jesus Christ and prac- 
tice a religion of good works, who di- 
vorce character from salvation and send 
all their crew to the Grand Lodge above, 
who rob the family and the church of 
the time and service and financial aid 
which God has appointed them to pay 
lodge dues and perquisites, who submit 
the righteous cause in our courts of jus- 
tice, as in the Jackson case in liartford. 
Conn., and who too often connect the 
lodge room with the saloon and the house 
of ill-fame by a subterraiiean passage, is, 
one of the most ruinous signs of our 

CLA.' J^.,..^..t..-j.f 


May, 1904. 

The Third Staice Is Patricidal Strife. Misery 
and Kiiin. 

The sons of Levi were the divinely ap- 
pointed agency to inflict the divine judg- 
ment at Sinai. In Ezekiel's vision he saw 
six men. each man with his weapon gird- 
ed npon him, and another wearing a 
white robe, and a writer's inkhorn by his 
side. This priestly officer was directed 
to go through the city of Jerusalem and 
place a niark on all that sighed and that 
cried for the abominations done in the 
land. And the others were bidden to 
follow him and to slay all, both men and 
women, who had not the mark upon their 
forehead. In the fifth chapter of Micah 
\\'e have a prophecy of the birth of our 
Lord in Bethlehem and of His enthrone- 
ment. Then God appointed "seven priests 
and eight principal men" to carry on His 
work in Syria and Chaldea and else- 
where. Only a fevr men are necessary. 
In the Revelation there are tvro witnesses 
to lift up a testimony against the dragon. 
To tliem God gave power and "the}' over- 
came b}' the blood of the Lamb and by 
the word of their testimony." Sav- 
onarola, Huss and Jerome of Prague 
sealed their testimony with their blood. 
r\Iore than five hundred }ears ago John 
Wicklift' translated the Bible into Eng- 
lish. Rome tried to punish him, but the 
people delivered him. Forty years after 
his death Rome exhumed his bod}', 
burned it to ashes, cast the ashes on the 
Severn, the Severn carried them to the 
Avon, the Avon to the channel and the 
channel to the great ocean, emblem of the 
world-wide mission of his English trans- 
lation. Only a few abolitionists testified 
against slavery, .but they w^ere enough. 
When their testimony was finished, God's 
clock struck twelve, the "iron rod" fell 
in the terrible coirrage of the Civil War, 
and the slave system went down, and 
great was the fall thereof. 

Thirt}-five }ears ago a few earnest 
men lifted up a testimoii}' against the 
secret lodge systems. The foe was in 
walled cities and had chariots of iron, 
and they were the sons of Anak. The 
National Christian Association was a 
grasshopper in their sight, and so was it 
in its own sight. But (jod was with these 
faithful and true witnesses. And just as 
certainly as the Canaanites were driven 
out bv the hornets, so sureh' will everv 

lodge be driven from our land in God's 
good time and way. 

The Amazon river is one hundred and 
fifty miles wide at its mouth. Its cur- 
rent is so strong that it flows two hun- 
dred miles out into the sea. The incom- 
ing tide meets this current, the collision 
of forces, produces what is called the 
"Bore." The waves rise twenty feet, and 
sometimes .twenty-five feet high, and 
light vessels that are caught are often 
overturned and their occupants lost. This 
current of evil in our land has acquired 
wonderful force. It is now met by the 
incoming tide of God's just judgments. 
The result will be a disturbing of the ele- 
ments. Many will be engulfed. But be- 
lievers are in the lighthouse built upon 
the rock. "Blow should one chase a 
thousand, and two put ten thousand to 
flight, except their rock had sold them, 
and the Lord had shut them up? For 
their rock is not as our Rock, our ene- 
mies themselves being judges." 

The Separation of the Witnesses from the 
Guilty Idols Is the Divinely Appointed 

Aloses removed the tabernacle from 
the camp and pitched it in the wilderness. 
And the cloud descended upon it. And 
3vIoses inquired of God in the tabernacle, 
and Aaron and the priests ministered in 
it, and Joshna, the captain of the army, 
remained in it. It was not enough that 
Moses had broken the tables of the laws, 
that the sons of Levi had separated them- 
selves and slain the idolaters with the 
sword, but Moses and the faithful must 
separate • from the idolatrous church in 
order to hold communion with God, and 
from the idolatrous state, that they ma\^ 
keep this government pure. 

Xow the parallel is complete. The re- 
formed churches largely apostatized in 
and through the lodge. The lodge mem- 
bers are admitted into full communion in 
the majority of them. This is idolatry 
of a worse type , than Israel's at Sinai.. 

There were two altars, the altar of the 
golden cklf and the altar at the strong- 
door of the tabernacle, as Cain's altar rep- 
resented false worship and Abel's altar 
the true, before, and Baal's altar stood 
for devil worship and God's altar stood 
for divine worship, afterward, and the 
lodge altar is Satan's altar to-day and 
the Lord Tesus Christ is the true wor- 

May. 1904. 


shiper's altar. "lUit I say, that the 
thing's which the (ieiitiles sacrifice, they 
sacrifice to devils, and not to God ; and I 
would not that ye should have fellowship 
with devils. Ye cannot drink the cup of 
the Lord and the cup of devils ; ye cannot 
he partakers of the Lord's table and of 
the table of devils." 

The fact is patent that Satan has a 
larger share of the control of our politics 
through the secret em])ire than Christ has 
through His church. And if the friends 
of Christ would please liim; if the\' 
would be His honored instruments in 
bringing about a reformation ; if they 
would have His blessing, they must sep- 
arate from the political body as political 
dissenters. This frees them from respon- 
sibility for the iniquity. 

In Ezek.. fourteenth chapter, we have 
an account of Israel's apostacy, and God 
says : "Though these three men, Xoah, 
Daniel and Job, were in it, they should 
deliver but their own souls by their right- 
eousness." A reference to the history of 
these men indicates that they overcame 
by separation from the evil. This makes 
the evil odious and creates public senti- 
ment against it. The Apostles and early 
Christians made idolatry odious b}' sep- 
aration from it. The reformers of the 
sixteenth century made Roman Catholi- 
cism odious by separation, and the hier- 
archy was checked in its mad career. The 
Conventions of Scotland made the 
l^relatic establishment odious by separa- 
tion and secured the Revolution Settle- 
ment of 1688. Wendell Phillips and the 
Garrisonians and the Covenanters made 
slavery odious by separation from the 
government that supported that sum of 
all villainies. And to-day I say the Cov- 
enanters are making political atheism 
ochous by separation from the political 
body that has accepted authoritx' under 
our national charter which is silent as the 
grave as to God and His law. 

Xow let the anti-secret society people 
make the secret empire odious by refus- 
ing to have political fellowship in the po- 
litical body that receives the members of 
the lodge, and there will be trembling in 
this camp of Satan. The government 
that gives charters to the lodge and al- 
lows the members of the lodge to vote 
and hold office is a party to the idolatry 

of the lodge system, just as our govern- 
ment is guilty of the saloon crime by li- 
censing the salocju and granting political 
fellowship to saloon keepers. And Chris- 
tian citizens must wash their hands from 
complicity in these governmental sins be- 
fore they can be efficient witnesses, 
aijainst them. 

ietti0 of iut Pori 

v. M. C. A. BUJLDIXC. 

153 La Salle Street, Chicago. 
It is in the Lecture Room of this build- 
ing that the National Christian Associa- 
tion will elect its officers for the coming- 
}ear and transact other important busi- 
ness. The place is centrally located on 
what is called the "South Side." and less 
than a block from Madison street. 


Dear l'\'llow' Workers: 

I have recentl\' attended conferences 
in Allentown, I*a., and lU^ston, Mass., 
and given addresses in Willimantic. 
C(Min. The Allentown meeting was ar- 
ranged by Rev. W. l'>. ."^toddard. our rep- 
resentative in the Middle States; the IJos- 
ton meeting by Rev. J. 1\ Stoddard, who 
cares for the work in Xew hjigland. and 
the meetino- in \\'illimantic l)v our I'.roth- 


May, 19D4. 

«er John A. Conant, who cares for our 
cause everywhere. 

Pennsylvania is a great State in ex- 
tent, in resources and in the character 
of its people. Allentown is about fifty 
miles from Philadelphia and is a town of 
about forty thousand inhabitants. The 
region is rich agriculturally, and manu- 
iactories of various sorts are springing 
lip in all the cities and towns. In the 
little town Barto Station, where I went 
3.1 the invitation of Rev. Shelby, one of 
our true and faithful helpers, I found a 
£our mill which buys wheat in Minne- 
sota to grind for the Atlantic border. 

The churches here are of all sorts, but 
those which are specially helpful to our 
•cause are the Mennonite, the German 
Baptist, the Reformed and United Pres- 
iDyterian and the Free and Wesleyan 
^lethodist. The larger churches which 
take no position on the lodge question 
were busy celebrating holy week during 
our conference at Allentown, and one of 
the ^lennonite churches -and the Free 
JNIethodist were holding protracted meet- 
ings. These things combined to lessen 
interest in our meeting, but it was still 
an inspiring and helpful meeting. 

The addresses were excellent and vere 
listened to with close attention, b'ut I 
think all would agree that Bro. VViiitc, 
of Steeleton, gave us the most reiv.ark- 
able one of the meeting. He is a v/age- 
worker in a steel mill, but reads, medi- 
tates and testifies and God is wonderfully 
leading him. He read and commented 
upon one hundred and twenty-five pas- 
sages of Scripture in the course of h.s 
■argument, and was instructive, inspiring 
and helpful throughout. This should be 
an example to many who have not felt 
themselves able to do public work for 
God's cause ; feeding upon God's word, 
praying in the Holy Spirit, bearing. testi- 
mony as opportunity offers, these ^vill 
inake anyone powerful for good. "Let 

the weak say, I am strong," and he will 
be strong; but if he says, 'T am weak,'' 
he will be and remain so. 

It would be a delight to name all the 
brothers and sisters whom we met at 
Allentown and to speak of their kind- 
ness. Bro. Rev. A. Strawn was our host 
and made us very happy in his lioiriC. 
Rev. A. S. Shelly took me to his 
at Bally and introduced me to a choice 
lot of young people at a meeting in his 
church. Rev. A. M. Fretz was chair: 
man of the convention and was in every 
way a helpful Christian brother. Dr. 
Backenstoe, of Emans, is a physician of 
wide practice, but got in to the meeting 
Sabbath evening. He became a helper in 
the college. So also did Bros. Amos O. 
Krasley, who entertained us very gen- 
erously the last day of the conference. 
These are a few of the kind friends wliom 
we met at the Pennsylvania meeting. 

The audiences during the day were 
small but representative; in the evening 
the house was well fillled and the people 
seemed glad to hear the word. God-fear- 
ing men are everyv.diere leaving the 
lodges. One of the first. men we met had 
abandoned four secret societies, an^'iher 
had left three, a young man whom wc 
met at Bro. Strawn's said he joined one 
lodge, but when they took the bandage 
oft' from his eyes and he saw the men 
sitting about smoking through the in- 
itiation and saw the chaplain, who, a 
godless, base man, he left and ne'vcr 
went back. One of the results of our 
work is to make itsafe and easy for thou- 
sands of these sick and disgusted mem- 
bers to leave the lodges every year. 

In I^hiladelphia I had a very pleasant 
time with old friends and new. Drs. Ste- 
venson, IMcFeeters and Metheny were 
kind and helpful as ever. We had a 
small but helpful meeting in the Sec- 
ond Reformed Presbyterian Church, Rev. 
Dr. McFeeters. From Allentown to 

Mny. 1904. 


Philadelphia we had the company of 
Friend E. P. Sellew, Avhom we met man v 
year:^ ago in Xew York. He is now in 
the publication office of the Friends in 

In Pirocklyn I spent a Sabbath w :tii 
our dear and faithful friend John W. 
Pritchard, Esq., of the Christian Nation, 
preaching- in the morning in the First Re- 
formed Church, of which our old friend 
of olden days, Rev. E. D. Bailey, is pas- 
tor. For }ears we were associated as 
fellow teachen-s and workers against se- 
cret societies, but it was about twenty 
years since we had been on the j^latform 
together, so that it was a great pleasure 
to us both. Bro. Bailey is a born evan- 
gelist, and even before he entered the 
ministry was a soul winner. He is now 
superintendent of Missions in Brooklyn, 
as well as a pastor, and is greatly be- 
loved for his work's sake. 

Here we had also a brief visit with 
Bro. Rev. Charles Herald, pastor of the 
Bethesda Congregational Church. Fie 
was with me as leader of the choir in 
Chicago Avenue Church twenty years 
ago. Fifteen years he has put in at 
Bethesda. There are now seven hundred 
members in the church and over a thou- 
sand in the Sabbath school. Bro. Herald 
has never been closely identified with our 
anti-lodge work, but he is in hearty ac- 
cord V\'ith us and pushes the construction 
side of it with all his might. This is the 
most important part of our movement. It 
is of no use to have the lodge demons 
cast out if the Holy Spirit does not enter. 
Let us not forget this. 

The Boston meeting was memorable as 
the first meeting held since the purchase 
of the Xew England headquarters at the 
corner of Colunibus avenue and West 
Springfield street. It was a crowning- 
time for the faithful work which Bro. 
Stoddard has done during the last fifteen 
years. You have already seen a picture 

of the building, so that I need only say 
that it is a substantial as well as a beauti- 
ful building, in excellent repair and ad- 
mirably located for our work. I shall 
be greatly surprised if it is not used by 
our Heavenly Father for large things. 

The audiences in Lorimer hall were- 
not large but were interested, and the 
addresses were of the best sort. Clear, 
kindly and strong throughout. Those 
which interested me most were by Bros. 
J. P. Stoddard, A. B. Earle, A. C. Dixon: 
and Mother Rockwell. Dr. Dixon's was. 
one of the strongest, if not the strongest,, 
indictnient of the lodge system which I 
have ever heard. Bro. Earle and Mother 
Rockwell spoke beautifully and each of 
them gave an earnest tribute to Bro. 
Stoddard, speaking especially of his ear- 
nestness, kindness, patience and success. 

I think I did not, in noticing the Penn- 
sylvania conference, give Bro. W. B.. 
Stoddard the credit due for the arrange- 
ment of that meeting. God is giving him 
great wisdom and success in gathering- 
the friends of our cause in different 
States, and this last one was not an ex- 
ception to the rule. It was a good meet- 
ing, and the result was attained under 
God by his labors. 

In AMllimantic, Conn., Bro. John A. 
Conant arranged for me to address the 
First ]\lethodist Church, the Young- 
Men's Christian Association, the \\'om- 
an's Christian Temperance L'nion. and a 
general meeting on secret societies. Bro. 
Conant has been for many years a true 
friend and is still full of faith and fire. 
-\t seventy-four he is young in heart and 
pushing on the battle on all lines for God 
and church and home and native land. 
He still brings forth fruit. The meetings- 
were very pleasant — that is to say. the 
first three have been — and we are ex- 
pecting all blessings in the fourth, which, 
is to be held in the Methodist Church to- 


May. 1904. 

In this connection I ought to mention 
the brave, cheery pastor of that church. 
Jvev. Xewlands. I have never been more 
lieartily welcomed by pastor and people 
than by the dear friends in the First 
r^Iethodist Church of Willimantic. I am 
thankful that there are no sects in heaven, 
for I want sometime, somewhere, to la- 
"bor vrith such people all the time. 

But I must close. I bring a good re- 
port of the land. There are giants there, 
but compared Avith our God they are like 
grasshoppers. So let us push on the bat- 
tle. In sermons, lectures, articles in local 
papers, parlor meetings and conferences. 
]et us give out the truth, (jod will care 
for it and in due season we shall reap if 
"^ve faint not. Fraternally yours. 

Charles A. Blanchard. 



Osgood. Mo.. ]vlarch 29. 1904. 
AVm. I. Phniips. Chicago. 111.: 

Dear Sir — A few weeks ago a brother 
minister requested my assistance in a dis- 
cussion of secret orders. Xot being well 
informed on the mattter. I secured Pres- 
ident Bianchard's excellent work. 'Alod- 
ern Secret Societies,'' and was soon in 
possession of the necessary material for 
the debate. A\'e completely demolished 
our opponents. 

I have never been involved in these 
snares. I intuitively felt that lodges were 
not the places for preachers, but I had no 
conceptiom of the real nature of secretism 
luitil I was led to study by the discussion 
that arose with my friend. 

Xow. these things have never been dis- 
cussed in this part of the country, lodg- 
ism is strong, and debates or lectures on 
the subject raise considerable excitement. 
As soon as my eyes were opened I issued 
a challenge to a neighboring preacher, 
an Od^l Fellow, to meet me in debate on 
the proposition: '"Resolved, That Se- 
cret Orders are Detrimental to the Cause 
of Christ.'" This, however, he has re- 
fused to do, and instead is lecturing on 
'"The Beauty of Odd Fellowism."' I have 
therefore decided to prepare a lecture 
likeA\ise, to be delivered in the near fu- 
ture. (Rev.) O. T. Bulfin. 

Boston. April 11, 1904. 

Others will report the X'. E. C. A. con- 
vention of April 5 and 6, but a brief note 
from me may be acceptable. Summar- 
ized, it was all that could have been rea- 
sonably anticipated. The weak point, if 
any, was in the attendance, which on the 
whole was not discouraging. There was 
l)ut a single exception in the appearance 
of each prominent speaker announced on' 
the program. President J. ]\[. Foster 
opened the first session with a brief state- 
]uent of the work, and conditions which 
make its vigorous prosecution impera- 
tively necessary. Dr. J. L. A\'ithrow led 
in dcA'Out and earnest prayer, in which all 
joined most heartily. Amos R. Wells, 
editor of the C. E. World, spoke in an 
eloquent and convincing manner, exalt- 
ing Christ and His church, while claim- 
ing that in methods the church may learn 
lessons of value from the lodge. Bro. 
A\'ells' address will appear in full in his 
own paper and also in the "Ram's Horn." 
It will be widely read and with great 
profit to the cause. 

President Blanchard followed, capti- 
vating the audience by his clear, concise 
and logical presentation of reason for 
urging the discussion and the best meth- 
ods to be employed. 

Rev. Samuel I\Ic X'augher conducted 
devotional services and presided at the. 
morning session on the 6th. After re- 
ports of committees and business. Rev. 
\\'. Stanley Post, of Xorthampton, ]\Iass., 
addressed the audience. It was a care- 
fully prepared and very able presenta- 
tion of the deceitful and treacherous w\ays 
by which those v/ho manage and control 
the secret system accomplish their work. 
I hope to see this in print and given a 
wide circulation. 

Rev. A. K. ]\IacLannan told of his con- 
version and growing interest as he be- 
came better informed. James H. Earle, 
who conducted services at the noon hour, 
was very happy in his remarks, giving 
his most hearty commendation to the 
movement. Rev. J- A. Alexander read 
a letter from Dr. Alex. ]\IcKenzie, of 
Cambridge, ^Nlass., and a brief note from 
ex-President Grover Cleveland. The re- 
maining half hour was occupied in a 

May. ICKM. 


^'chart talk" by the X. E. secretary and 
remarks by President Blanchard. 

]\Irs. Susan S. Fessenden, late v^tate 
President \V. C. T. U., took the chair and 
•opened the services at 2 130 p. m. People 
who know ]\lrs. Fessenden always expect 
something worth hearing when she takes 
the platform, and, what is better, they al- 
\va}S get a full quota of what they antici- 
pate. The subject was one, the details of 
which she was not familiar with, but she 
showed a clear insight into the applica- 
tion of the principle of foresworn secrecy 
in famil}' and church life. She expressed 
her purpose to farther investigate and 
know more of our movement. 

Dr. A. C. Dixon spoke in fullness of 
the Spirit, givmg no quarter to "the un- 
fruitful works of darkness" in plates 
Jiigh or low. The Free Parliament con- 
ducted by Rev. ^^^ 1). Stoddard gave an 
opportunity for several who wished to 
participate and for whom the time was 
too brief for set speeches. 

Rev. J. Fred Winchel is a young man 
of fine address who enforces his princi- 
ples when dealing with the members of 
the Lutheran Church, of which he is pas- 
tor. His address showed thorough prep- 
.aration, and was listened to with atten- 
tion. I have no notes of this address, 
but hope its author will either print it in 
:some paper or furnish at least a synopsis 
for publication. 

The closing service by President 
Blanchard was sweet, temperate and 
strong. It was characteristic of the 
champion advocate of this reform, who 
is too well and highly esteemed to need a 
word of commendation from me. 

In closing I wish to express my appre- 
ciation of the kindness and courtesy 
shown me by tlie management at Lori- 
iiier Hall, and to all who aided in mak- 
ing this convention a success. 

God's' gracious Spirit was manifest 
from the first to the closing session, and 
to Him be all glory. Amen ! 

lames 1^. Stoddard. 

Tacoma, Wash., Dec. 27,, 1903. 
]\Iy Dear Bro. Phillips : 

Praise the Lord, I am still battling for 
"God and His truth. I am still struggling 
and fighting against that Dragon of L^n- 
righteousness. the secret lodee. 

There are not very many colored peo- 
ple here, and with few exceptions they 
are either secretists or strongly in sympa- 
thy with secretism. I have fifteen of my 
people from Xew Orleans with me who 
are as loyal here as they were in New 
Orleans. Praise God for. that I 

I have very great opposition here from 
ni}' own race. I thank God who has won- 
derfully blessed me. Tell all the faithful 
readers of the Cynosure to pray for me. 

God bless and keep you. 

(Rev.) Francis J. Davidson. 


A Safe College for Parents to Patronize. 

Grove City, J^a., March 26, 1904. 

The cause of anti-secrecy has received 
considerable discussion here lately, ow- 
ing to the opposition of the college fac- 
ulty to secret fraternities within its bor- 
ders. This is a stronghold of secretism. 
"The Odd Fellows' Home" is located 

The position of President I. C. Ketler 
and the college faculty has been difficult 
to maintain, but they have bravely stood 
out against any secret fraternities being 
organized. A small one was, however, 
launched secretly, and after long and dif- 
ficult search the membership was discov- 
ered and thirteen students were ex- 
pelled. Several were students of the 
senior class ^\■ho would have graduated 
in one more term, among them being the 
son of a leading member of the faculty. 
The expulsion of so many students cre- 
ated a great deal of discussion in the 

Dr. Ketler certainly deserves commen- 
dation for his courage in following out 
his convictions in the matter, and he is 
emphatic in his denunciation of the whole 
college fraternity business. 

I report this matter to your conven- 
tion with his cheerful and hearty ajv 
])roval. 'Jdie Lord prosper your C(^nven- 
tion and the cause of truth. Yours sin- 
cerely, Mary j. Flliott. 


The Christianity that will not stretch 
from the pew to the plow or from the 
prayer circle to the political caucus needs 



Mar. 19W. 


Report of t 

Allentown, Pa., ]\Iarch 28, 1904. 

A convention of the National Christian 
Association for the State of Pennsylvania 
met in the First German Baptist Church. 
Convention opened by singing hymn, 
"How Firm a Foundation." Rev. W. 
B. Stoddard read a Scripture lesson from 
the second chapter of Revelations from 
the eighteenth verse to the end of the 
chapter. After a brief and instructive ad- 
dress Rev. J. Cavanaugh led in prayer. 
The address of welcome was given by 
Rev. A. W. Myers, of Allentown, Pa. 
He gave eight reasons why the Christian 
should not fellowship the secret lodge, 
basing his reasons on the Bible : First, 
it kills spirituality ; second, Thou shalt 
not foreswear thyself ; third, Swear not 
at all ; fourth. Be not unequally yoked to- 
gether with unbelievers ; fifth. Have no 
fellowship with the unfruitful works of 
darkness ; sixth. Friendship of the world 
is enemy of God ; seventh. Neither be par- 
taker of other men's sins ; eighth. Come 
out from among them and be ye sep- 

The responsive address was given by 
Rev. Allen M. Fretz, president of the 
convention. Subject: Searching for 
Light. The address was descriptive of 
what the convention may expect of the 
speakers and their respective subjects. 
He also related some incidents of lodge 
life as seen by himself on a railroad train. 

Address by Rev. Al. D. Landis. Sub- 
ject: The Lodge Spirit. There are but 
two spirits — the Spirit of God and the 
spirit of the devil. Man needs light. We 
must get light from God. The lodge 
spirit is deceptive. The lodge pretends 
to honor God and disobeys His command- 
ments. The solicitation of the lodge is a 
respecter of persons. The church of 
Christ invites all. The initiation of the 
lodge frightens people. The church of 
Christ comforts the saints. The lodge 
makes its members to lie. Lodge charity 
is not charity at all. because of its dues. 
The charity of the church is free. 

On motion the following committees 
were appointed : Committee on Resolu- 
tion, Revs. W. S. Gottshall, Chas. A. 
Blanchard, J. Cavnaugh ; Committee on 

he Secretary. 

Finance, Revs. A. S. Shelly, A. W. My- 
ers, M. D. Landis, Committee on State 
Organization, Rev. W. B. Stoddard,. 
Bros. John S. White, L. Taylor. 

Afternoon session closed with praver 
by Rev. W. S. Gottshall. 

Monday evening session, opening serv- 
ices : 

Singing hymn, "Simply Trusting 
Every Day." Scripture reading by Rev. 
i\L D. Landis from the- 103d Psalm. 
Prayer, C. F. Kreider. Singing hymn,. 
"Take the Name of Jesus with You.'" 
x\ddress by Bro. John S. W^hite. of Steel- 
ton, Pa. Subject: The Bible and the 

Secret society men say we know noth- 
ing of their orders. We need not steal 
to know it is a sin, neither do we need 
to go into the lodge to find out that it 
is wrong. The Christian should not only 
renounce sin, but also denounce it. The 
lodge minister preaches a fractional Gos- 
pel and shuns to declare the whole coun- 
sel of God. If we do not testify against 
sin we cannot overcome. If I yet please 
men I am not the servant of Christ. The 
lodge system is a man-made s}-stem and 
like a broken cistern that holds no water. 
The wicked go from one degree of wick- 
edness to another. The friendship of the 
world is spiritual adultery. The lodge 
destroys the spiiitnal eyesight of men. 
The highest rebel is one who rebels 
against God. Rev. Chas. A. Blanchard 
sang a beautiful and encouraging hymn. 
Closing praver v^-as offered bv Rev. Sey- 
fried. '" 

Tuesday, March 2J), 1904. 

l^^orenoon session : Devotional serv- 
ices were conducted by Rev. C. A. 
Blanchard. After a season of song and 
prayer he read from the seventeenth 
chapter of II. Chronicles. His remarks 
were clea^r and impressive. He said 
Christians should not only oppose false 
worship, but should be engaged in build- 
ing up the true worship of God. The 
minutes of the two previous sessions 
were read and corrections made. Chi mo- 
tion they were approved. After the read- 
ing of convention letters Bro. J. S. 
Yawkey sang a hymn, "By the Sea." 

Mny. 1904. 



The Committee on State Organization 
presented their report: 

President — Rev. D. C. Z\Iartin, Pitts- 
burg, Pa. 

\''ice President— Rev. W. S. Gottshall, 
Schwencksville, Pa. 

Secretary — Rev. C. F. Kreider, Cle- 
ona. I'a. 

Treasurer — J. C. Berg, Scottdale, Pa. 

On motion the report was received and 
the officers elected. 

A discussion of Cjuestion relative to the 
secret lodge was conducted bv Rev. A. S. 

Forenoon session closed with song. 

Tuesday Afternoon Session. 

Devotional exercises opened by singing 
bymn, "Jesus .Saves." Scripture reading 
by Rev. A. M. Fretz from the fourth 
chapter of L Peter. Prayer by Bro. J. S. 
Yawkey. A paper was read by Rev. W. 
B. Stoddard from Bro. Jacob Snyder, of 
Altoona. Pa. Subject: Whited Sepul- 
chres. Singing hymns, 'There Shall Be 
Showers of Blessings," and "Blessed As- 
surance.'' .The Committee on Resolutions 
presented their report. On motion the 
resolutions were accepted. After some 
discussions and corrections the resolu- 
tions were on motion adopted. Rev. W. 
B. Stoddard gave an instructive and im- 
pressive Masonic chart lecture. The con- 
tention was dismissed by the president. 

Evening vSession : Devotional exercises 
opened with singing. Scripture reading 
by Rev. W. B. Stoddard, II. Cor., sixth 
■chapter. Prayer, Rev. A. M. Fretz. ]\Iin- 
iites of the forenoon and afternoon ses- 
sions were read and approved. Address 
by Rev. C. A. Blanchard. Subject: 
A\'alking in the Light. The man for self- 
respect for his family and his home and 
his re^L^^ard for civil government should 
iiot join a secret lodge. Walking in the 
light riieans obedience ; in darkness, diso- 
bedience. I\Tan must have light before he 
can live ; must be born before he can 
g'row, and has a work to do for God. 
Closing remarks were made by Rev. W. 
B. Stoddard. 

C. F. Kreider, Secretary . 


Whereas, God is light and the author 
of light and commands His children to 
come out of darkness and walk in the 

light and avoid those associations which* 
love and seek darkness rather than light; 

Whereas, There are in our midst or- 
ganizations known as secret societies, 
whose spirit and teachings are contrary 
to God's Word and antagonistic to the 
church of Christ. Therefore, 

I. Resolved, That we oppose them for 
the reason that they are dangerous to the 
soul's highest good and that the lodge 
spirit is contrary to the spirit of Christ, 
and rejects Him in whose name alone sal- 
vation is promised. 

II. Resolved, That the religious rites 
and ceremonies, such as Christless pray- 
ers. Scripture misquoted and misapplied, 
merit and demand the condemnation of 
the true followers of Christ. 

III. Resolved, That while there are 
things in the secret orders that in them- 
selves are good, yet in connection with 
the practices of the lodge they become de- 
ceptive and therefore evil. 

IV. Resolved, That it is the tendency 
of the lodge to belittle the church and 
make claims of bestowing charity on its 
members which is not charity at all. Of- 
fering salvation to members without re- 
pentance of sin, or faith in Jesus Christ. 

\'. Resolved, That the sacred rela- 
tions of the family are ruptured by the 
lodge, as it leads men to spend their even- 
ings away from home and deny their 
wives and children that companionship 
to which they are justly entitled. 

VI. Resolved, That the oaths and ob- 
ligations taken by lodge members are in 
conflict with the duties of good citizen- 
ship and tend to lower the tone of respect 
due to civil authority, and one of the chief 
obstacles in bringing the guilty to justice. 

ATI. Resolved, That it is the plain 
duty of all Christians (especially minis- 
ters) to investigate this anti-Christian 
lodgism and point out to all around them 
its injurious character. 

\'IIL Resolved, That we recommend 
the work of the National Christian As- 
sociation and ask all Christians and 
churches to aid in furthering its objects 
and subscribe for its organ, "The Chris- 
tian Cynosure,'' and help to distribute its 

IX. Resolved, That we extend a 
heart}- vote of thanks to the pastors and 


May. lOCM, 

people of this city for their vakiable aid 
and their generous entertainment. 
Revs. W. S. Gottshall, J- Cavnaugh, 
Chas. A. Blanchard, Committee. 

Letters were received encouraging to 
the workers and- the Pennsylvania con- 
vention from J. C. Berg, J. C. McFeeters, 
A. S. Aiken, Tacob Snyder, C. F. Kreider, 
A. ^I. Fretz." J. A. Dempwolf, J. R. Lat- 
imer. John S. White, S. J. Dornbach, Jo- 
siah W. Leeds, J. S. Martin and J. C. 

Braddock, Pa., April i8, 1904. 

Dear Cynosure — The past has been a 
month of convention work. The Penn- 
sylvania gathering at Allentown was an 
inspiration and help. 

During my preparation for this meet- 
ing I was permitted to hold meetings 
in several of the Mennonite churches. 
At Schwenksville and in the country near 
I spoke to those interested. At Greaters- 
ford the church was full and the enthus- 
iasm considerable. Rev.AV. S. Gottshall, 
pastor at Schwenksville, has during the 
year delivered a very able address to his 
people, in which he pointed out the lodge 
evil. At my meeting in the Mennonite 
Brethren church, Bethlehem, there was 
an unusually large turnout. Bro. Wm. 
Gehman is the wide awake pastor there. 
Under his leadership the church has been 
moving on nicely. There have been many 
additions since my last visit. 

En-route to the Boston convention I 
visited friends in New Jersey and New 
York city. In Boston I aided what I 
could in holding the Tremont Temple 
convention. The New England work 
has evidently made steady progress. The 
new headquarters is helping to bring the 
work to the attention of the thoughtful. 

I am now traveling West that I may 
attend the Annual Meeting. I am hop- 
ing to help in Ohio arid Indiana meet- 
ings en-route. 

Yesterday I spoke morning and even- 
ing to the faithful few who- met in the 
Free IMethodist church here. Bro. Lenk- 
ard, the pastor, is a supporter of our 
work, and glad to help what he can in 
"driving the battle on." Yours for Christ 
and reform. W. B. Stoddard. 

Jletti0iiaper0 anh Beform. 


In the last issue of The Standard, it 
was noted that the daily press reported, 
that Grover Cleveland was to be initiat- 
ed into the Masonic order. We are glad 
to say the report turns out to be a news- 
paper fabrication. The Ex-President 
denies the report in the following words :. 
"The nearest that the report comes to 
any truth whatever is that a long time 
ago I was delicately approached on the 
subject, but I have never formed the in- 
tention of applying for membership."' 
This denial will certainly add to the 
chagrin of the Masonic fraternity, one 
of whose grand masters early hastened 
to explain the Ex-President's refusal to 
be inveigled into Masonry thus : 'Tt is all 
off. Had it not been for the sudden: 
death of his daughter Ruth, Mr. Cleve- 
land would have been made a Mason."' 
Never mincl, Grand Master Apger, Mr. 
Cleveland is not yet ready to swear awav 
his manhood by putting his conscience 
and judgment into the hands of his 
fellowmen. We had thought better 
things of him and are glad we are not ta 
be disappointed. 
— Reformed Presbyterian Standard. April 1,. 



Famous Buddhist Secret Society in fhe Pay 
of Kussia. 

Special Correspondence of the Chicaso Dai'j' News 

Seoul, Marcli 22. — Since the arrival of 
the Japanese forces in Korea the Ped- 
dlers' guild has come into prominence. 
The arrival of Japanese troops at the 
capital and the arrest and banishment of 
Yi-Yong-Ik, the very active superintend- 
ent of police, who was well known to have 
been in the pay of the Russians, aroused 
the ire of this ancient secret society,. 
which manifested its displeasure by blow- 
ing up the residence of the Korean sec- 
retary of foreign affairs and further sig- 
nified its displeasure at the trend of 
Korean politics by threatening various 
members of the government and minor 
officials known to be favorable to Japa- 
nese views. 

:SIay. 10O4. 



Connected with Royal Family. 

The -Ho-Sho,'' or Peddlers' guild, 
which has thus been making its power 
disagreeably felt, is a society of vener- 
able origin. "Ho-Sho" means literally 
"Rag [Merchants," and the society is 
known by that name throughout Korea, 
China and Japan. The "Ho-Sho" are 
descendants of a former Korean empress. 

The\' became a powerful Buddhist 
order and when Buddhism was the great 
force in Korea they established them- 
selves in what has ever since been their 
work — the propagation. and extension of 
the Buddhist religion. At the same time 
thev acted as spies for the government, 
wdiich was under the domination of the 
Buddhist priesthood. In the early days 
of the order one of the Korean emper- 
ors gave the Ho-Sho, whom he recogniz- 
ed as part of his royal kin, a commis- 
sion to travel about the country gather- 
ing information for the use of the cen- 
tral government. In order to do this 
eflfectively they disguised themselves as 
rag merchants and thus were able to en- 
ter without suspicion almost every house- 
hold, hear important news and, gaining 
the confidence of the people, report to 
the government the trend of popular 
thought. In this way the government 
Was able on different occasions to nip 
in the bud popular movements danger- 
ous to its existence. 

Guild Is Buddhistic. 

To this day the religious nature of the 
guild, is recognized. By many pious 
Buddhists it is considered to be bound 
up with the welfare of Buddhism and 
the empire. Indeed, were it not for the 
contributions of these people it would 
have a hard time keeping up its traditions 
and even maintaining its existence. The 
Buddhists, however, contribute largely 
to its funds and the Ho-Sho is a power 
in the land. 

It is essentially a power linked to the 
past. Its methods of violence and terror- 
ism are retrogressive. It stands for old 
superstitions, old w^ays and effete cus- 
toms that have prevented the develop- 
ment of the Korean national life and left 
the nation itself to become a bone of con- 
tention for the Japanese and the Rus- 

Japan Appears on Scene. 

When the war broke out between 
China and Japan in 1894 a large section 
of the nation favored Japan. Japanese 
ways and methods were adopted by many 
and for a time it seemed as though the 
nation was to waken into new life. Japa- 
nese influence warred with Russian in- 
fluence in the imperial palace and the 
Japanese for a time seemed to be gaining 
the upper hand. 

The defeat of China had greatly in- 
creased Japanese prestige everywlitre in 
Korea and had the Japanese only been 
a little less eager to civilize the Koreans 
or willing to wait a little longer until 
their plans were fully ripe Korean history 
might have been different. 

Murder of Korean Km press. 

Japan, however, was incensed at Rus- 
sian intrigue in the palace, which con- 
tinually thwarted the reform movement. 
This influence it attributed, rightly or 
wrongly, to the late empress and the Ho- 
Sho. The Japanese allied themselves 
with the advanced Koreans in a plot to 
kill the obnoxious queen. 

The plot succeeded. The queen was 
murdered ; but this crime only succeed- 
ed in driving the Korean emperor into 
the arms of the Russians and Japanese 
influence in Korea waned from that day 
until re-established by the recent Japa- 
nese victories over the Russian fleet and 
by the advance of Japanese troops into 

Peddlers in Russian Pay. 

The Ho-Sho still adheres to its con- 
servative creed and to its Russophil tend- 
encies. Russian diplomacy has always 
a friend at court in the emissaries of this 
still powerful society. The head of the 
Ho-Sho, who is called the "Chi-eh-kun." 
is known to receive a very substantial 
subsidy from his Russian friends. This 
money is spent in propagating the doc- 
trines of the society and in keeping a\i\c 
opposition to the Japanese. 

It is likely, however, that as the Japa- 
nese tighten their grip on the country 
the leaders of the society will experience 
the fate of the head of the Korean police 
and be gradually eliminated from the 
country by deportation to Japan or by 
a quick dispatch to that land where in- 
trio-ue is at rest. ^lin-Kon-Ha. 


May, 1904. 



I would like to be allowed to speak 
ijiiv mind on this lodge question regard- 
ing secret orders, etc. I never belonged 
to any because I scorned to bolster my 
^success with the "influence" such orders 
give physicians or any of their mem- 
"bers in professional or trade capacity. 
Secoixlly, I know of physicians of very 
ordinary ability by bdonging to all the 
iraternal orders existing in the town can 
:§-et anything they ask for. A certain 
doctor, occupying the position named 
above, wanted a public appointment; he 
got it, notwithstanding his opponent had 
a much larger petition, i. e., many more 
signers. But secret society pull did the 
work ! He hired a sub. and that little 
appointment brings him in one hundred 
dollars per month, without the least ef- 
fort, except to wear the title current 
with the appointment. 

Another doctor I knew joined all the 
lodges in the town, then went to the 
adjoining town and joined other lodges 
there ; people of that town accused him 
■of doing that solely for a "pull." That 
is another reason why I never joined 
them, because if I did so with the clearest 
motives, they would be mistaken, and 
I,, too; would be joining for a ''pull." I 
"have been asked to call at night, so their 
"brother" physician would not see me 
-calling and think they were disloyal to 
lodge obligations. 

Of course, a secret order is some 
notches above a mob, but the final out- 
come to aliens is much the same, for 
they boycott a physician not belonging 
to them. I have been invited, nay, even 
urged to join them, but I have ever 
l>een firm. 

Secret orders remind me somewhat of 
the cowardice of wolves (looking at them 
from a physician's standpoint) going into 
packs : they seem to wish to attain suc- 
cess without giving for it an equivalent 
of genius or work. When moving into a 
town a physician is often accosted by 
some prominent citizen, asking, "Doctor, 
do you belong to such an order? No? 
Well, you must join if you expect suc- 
cess here. All our prominent business 

men belong and will lend you prestige, 
influence, etc." No doubt, this gentle- 
man meant well, so I tried not to hurt 
his feelings ; but he soon learned my 
ideas of such "prestige, influence," etc. 
It was remarked once, "Well, we feel 
obligated to call Dr. Blank for small 
matters in our family, because he belongs 
to the same lodge : but you bet when any- 
thing serious occurs we call Dr. So and 

I find attending my practice, reading 
my journals, studying considerable, oc- 
casionally writing an article, a little sleep 
about as occasionally, tills and rounds 
out twenty-four hours per day for me; 
can't see how I could manage to spare 
two to five evenings a week in lodge 

I was once called to attend some duty 
in lieu of the physician health officer ; 
he was busy at a lodg'e meeting framing 
some resolutions to a departed member. 
His action may have been pure enough, 
but people remarked that he was trying 
to do ' that up nice and square himself 
with that family (it was his patient who 
died) and the public. 

Doctors, we have calumny and false 
accusations enough to contend with. Let 
us live as nearly above the appearance of 
dual motives as possible. They will mis- 
judge us plenty, wdthout wdre pulling 
in every lodge in the country. 

I have written in this strain for another 
journal, and received commendatory let- 
ters by it ; so I know while these are 
my ideas I am not alone in denouncing 
the unfair elevation of physicians in their 
practice through lodges ; who, if com- 
.pelled to stand on their work's merit, 
would not be so great ; others, good phy- 
sicians, who are misjudged regarding 
motives, etc., in belonging to secret or- 

For the elevation of our profession, 
for the skill in it, let "each tub stand on 
its own bottom^" 
—The Medical Brief. 

It is not so hard to understand the 
love of God when we meet someone who 
has lived next door to him. 

It is private prayer that gives potency 
to public performance. 

lyjodern Qecret S ocieties 


President Wheaton College, President National 
■Christian Association, ex-President Sabbath Asso- 
•ciatlon oflllinois, etc. 

A brief treatise for busy people and specially 
intended for ministers and teachers. 

Part I.— Clearing Away the Brush. Part II.— 
'Freemasonry, Next to the Jesuits, the Most Pow- 
erful of Secret Orders, Part III.— Related and 
Subsidiary Lodges. Part IV.— Concluding Chap- 

PART I.— Clearing Away the Brush. 

Chapter I.— Reason for Discussing the Subject 
-and for the Present Publication. 

Chapter II.— Why Make Freemasonry so Promi- 

Chapter III.— Is It Possible to Know What Se- 
cret Societies Are Without Uniting with Them? 

Chapter IV.— If Evil, Why Do So Many Good Men 
Unite with Them? 

Chapter V.— Do Not Their Charities Prove Them 
'to Be Helpful to Men? 

Chapter VI.— If the Church Would Do Her Duty 
Would There Be need for Lo(^es? 

Chapter VII. -- Review of Topics Treated in 
Part i. 

'PART II. — Freemasonry; the Keystone of the 

Chapter I.— Freemasonry or Modern Idolatry. 

Chapter II. — The Ceremonies of the Lodge, or 
How is a Man Made a Mason. 

Chapter III.— Masonic Obligations, or the Lodge 
*nd Civil Government. 

Chapter IV.— Freemasonry and Woman, or the 
Lodge and the Home. 

Chapter V.— Higher Degrees. 

Chapter VI.— The Higher Degrees Continued. 

Chapter VII.— Review of Part II. 

PART III.— Related and Subsidiary Organizations. 
Chapter I.— Oddfellowship. 
Chapter II.— The Temperance Lodges. 
Chapter III.— Insurance Lodges. 
Chapter IV.— Industrial Orders. 
Chapter V.— Patriotic lodges. 
Chapter VI.— College Fraternities. 
Chapter VII.— Review of Part III. 

PART IV.— Concluding Chapters. 

Chapter I.— The obligations of Secret Societies 
'Not Masonic. 

Chapter II.— The Testimonies of Seceders. 

Chapter III.— The Opinions of Great and Good 

Chapter IV.--What do Lodge Burials Teach? 

Chapter V.— Is the Struggle Against Lodgism 

Chapter VI.— Does Testimony Against Lodgism 
Injure Churches? 

Chapter VII.— The Duty of the Hour. 

oUO pages; cloth, 75 cents; leather, $1.00. 

aai West Madison St., Chicago. 

Sermon on flasonry. i6 pages, 
jc. By Rev. \V. P. McNary. pastor 
United Presbyterian church. 

Thirteen Reasons why a Chris- 
tian should not be a Freemason. 

By Rev. Robert Armstrong. 16 pages, 

In the Coils; 


The Secret Lodge Conflict. 


Fourth Edition. Cloth Bound. 300 Pages. 
Sire 5x7 >^. Sent Postpaid for $1.10. 

This is not so much a work of fiction as an 
historical narrative. 

When the first edition was published the 
Editor of the Cynosure said of it : 

"A charming work, fit to be classed with "Uncle 
Tom's Cabin." It Is indeed less a work of Action. 
The whole group of actors and the principal events 
of the story are living realities, drawn to the life; 
and the teachings of our great statesmen are io 
woven Into the woof of the tale, that the yolume 1* 
as valuable for a book of reference as it Is agree- 
able, truthful, and useful." 

The sudden death of the author placed new and 
heavy burdens upon the widow, who has the sym- 
pathy of the readers of the Cynosure, and we trust 
will hare a large patronage for this book. 

Send orders to the 








336 Pages. 

Cloth, 5x71^, Postpaid, : One Dollar 

There Is nothing so Interesting to the human 
heart as human experience; and this volume, set- 
ting forth scenes In the life of Rev. Sherlock Bris- 
tol, presents a wider range of experience in many 
lines of thought and action, and a greater variety 
of adventures than are often found concentrated in 
a single human life. The book contains much that 
is amusing and inspiring.— Rev. J. H. Fairchlld, 
D. D., President of Oberlin College. 

Rev. Sherlock Bristol now lives In Los Angeles, 
Cal. The Editor of the Cynosure began the perusal 
of "The Pioneer Preacher" as a duty, which soon 
changed into keenest pleasure. The price is $1. 
postpaid. And anyone dissatisfied after reading 
will have the dollar refunded upon the return of 
the book. The late President Fairchild, of Oberlin, 
from whom we quote above, picked up this book 
for a half hour's scanning, but did not lay It down 
until he had read it through. Address 

:3i West Madison St. - Chlcas:o, Ills. 

standard Works 


SeQfet Societies 



aai WMt Madison Street. Chicago. 111. 


Freemasonry Illustrated. First 
three degrees. 376 pages cloth, 75c; 
paper, 40c. 
Thp accuracy of these expositions attested by 

affidavits of Jacob O. Does burg and others. 

Freemasonry Illustrated. 640 

pages, cloth, $1.00: paper, 75c. 

A complete expositon .f the Blue Lodge and 
^apter consisting of f* 'en degrees. Profusely 

Knight Templarisf^ Illustrated. 

J41 pages, cloth, $1.00; paper, 50c. 
L full illustrated rital of the six degrees ol 
the Council and Commandery. 

Scotch Rite flasonry Illustrated. 

2 vols. Per vol., d'" , $1.00: paper, 65c. 

The complete illustrated ritual of the entir-j 
Scottish Rite, compr-sing all'the Masonic degrees 
from 3rd to 33rd inclusive. The first three de- 
gree's are common to all the Masonic Rites, and 
are fully and accurately given in "Freemasonry 
Illustrated." Vol. f comprises the degrees from 
3rd to i8th inclusive. 

Vol. II comprises the degrees from igth to 33rd 
hjciusive, with the signs, grips, tokens and pass- 
words Irom i%* to 33rd tf^ee inrtosiva 

Freemasonry Illustrated 


and Knighr Teiiiplarism Illustrated give the 13 
degrees of the York Rite, aud there are 33 degrees 
in the Scotch Rite. But tlie first three degrees as 
given in Free-masonry Illustrated belong to both 
Rites. So these books give 43 different degrees 
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Revised Odd=felIowship Illustra- 
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The complete revised ritual of the Lodge En- 
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quotations irom standard authorities, showing the 
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This ritual corresponds exactly with the "Charge 
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Revised Rebekah Ritual (Illus- 

Revised and Amended Official "Rltnaf for 
Rebekah Lodges, published by the Sovereign 
Grand Lodge I. O. O. F.," witli the Unwrit- 
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Edited by Rev. A. W. 3eesiin. Illustrated with 

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land, and every citizen's, too." 



Managing Editor 

221 West Madison Street, Chicago 


PRICE— Per year, in advance, $1.00; tliree mbatha, oa 
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DtSCOIMTINUANCCS— We find that a larffe number of 
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Annual Meeting 33 

Colporteurs Wanted » 33 

Masonic Bodies and Prohibition 33 

Making Red Men of Women "Impractica- 
ble" 34 

Cynosure S. S. Clubs 34 

National Christian Association — Reports. 35 

Rev. E. Breen — Portrait 43 

Rev. W. B. Rose — Portrait 43 

Ezra A. Cook — Portrait 44 

Catholics Will Control 44 

Sun-Worshipers in Chicago 45 

Masons Who Were Presidents 46 

What to Do — Workers' Suggestions 46 

Contempt of Court 47 

Expelling Puritans 48 

Is a Masonic Revival Planned? 49 

Mrs. Eddy vs. One-Sex Organizations .... 51 
The Ethics of Secretism— Rev. A. C. 

Dixon, D. D 53 

Thousands Suspended ... 55 

News of Our Work 56 

Obituary — ^John Palmer 59 

From Our Mail 60 

Lodge Ceremonies at Funerals 61 

Presentation to Rev. W. T. D. Moss — 

Illustrated 62 

Was the President Right? 63 

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size, full , roan, flap, $2.50. 

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The Complete Standard Ritual of the Chapter 
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Giving the degrees of Mark Master, Past Mastet, 
%5"?t E»"4iept Master «nd Roval ArcJu 

Folly, Expense and Danger 

Secret Societies. 

of Wheaton College. 

They may be rudely classified as religious; 
e. g., the Jesuits, Freemasonry, Oddfellow- 
ship, the Knights of Pythias, etc.: political, as 
the Know-nothings, Knights of the Golden 
Circle, the Order of American Deputies, the 
Kuklux-Klan, the White League, etc.: indus- 
trial; as the unions of carpenters, bricklayers, 
conductors, engineers, etc.: insurance; as the 
Royal Arcanum, the Modern Woodmen, the 
Order of the Iron Hall, the Ancient Order of 
United Mechanics, etc.: and the social; as the 
college fraternities. Postpaid 5 cents each. 

Royal Neighbors of America 

RituaUand Installation Work 

Price, postpaid, 10 cts. 

This Order is the auxiliary branch of the 
Modern Woodmen of America, to which the 
latter and women relatives are elig^ible. 


221 West Madison St., Chicago, III. 

A. O. U. W. 


This is the Ritual of the Ancient Order 
of United Workmen as published in 
The Christian Cynosure recently. 

Its substantial accuracy is vouched 
for by a former member, Mr. S. A, 
Scarvie, of Hamlin, Minn. 

Address — 

NioMi GMIi Associatii, 

221 W. Madison St., Chicago, m. 

"Jesus answered him, — I spake openly to the world; and in secret have I said nothing." John 18:20. 








221 West Madison St., Chicago 

Entered at the Post OfiBce, Chicaaro, 111., as second- 
class matter. 

The annual meeting, held on the I2th 
of May, had representatives present from 
the following churches: Presbyterian, 
Seventh Day Baptist, Methodist Episco- 
pal, Christian Reformed Church, Free 
Methodist, United Brethren, Congrega- 
tional, Reformed Church of America, 
Evangelical Association, Independent, 
Lutheran, Swedish Covenant ^Mission and 
United Presbvterian. 

It is the editor's purpose to give to the 
readers of the Cynosure a short sketch 
during the year of the members of the 
Board of Directors. These are the men 
who are responsible to the National 
Christian Association for all the work 
and all the expenditures made during the 
interim between annual meetings. We 
believe all will be interested to see their 
portraits if they cannot see the men 
themselves. And if the members of the 
board shall be better known, friends will 
be better able to pray for them, that they 
may have divine wisdom given them as 
well as gTeat success during the vear 

Do not the readers of The v.ynosure 
know godly men and women who woukl 
be glad of the privilege of giving a cer- 
tain portion of their time (if they could 
not give all) to house-to-house visita- 
tion, explaining the work of the Associa- 
tion and leaving literature that, with 

God's blessing, shall save many this com- 
ing year. Can we not secure the funds 
for the publication of the tracts, and men 
and women for their distribution? We 
ought to have ten such agents in each of 
the States of Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin 
and, indeed, in all other States. It can 
be done. Shall it be done? What do you 

Some Grand ^Masonic bodies, such as 
the Grand Comrnandery of the Knights 
Templar and the Grand Chapter of Royal 
Arch Alasons, are passing resolutions 
forbidding the use of intoxicants at ban- 
quets, which shows one of the effects of 
the temperance cause, since lodges begin 
to feel public pressure and forbid the use 
of that which Christian conscience ob- 
jects to. ]\Iany of the Masonic lodges 
in Chicago, as well as in other cities, meet 
over saloons. There is a saloon in the 
great ]\Iasonic Temple of Chicago. And 
the Masonic building on the corner of 
Halsted and Randolph streets has a sa- 
loon in the basement, and I believe al- 
ways has had since the building was 
erected by the Masons of the A\>st"Side. 
Its corner stone is inscribed, "West Side 
Masonic Benevolent Association." It 
was in this building that General Logan 
took the higher degrees when he was an 
aspirant for the nomination b\' the Re- 
publican party for President. 

Brother Shepard preached in the even- 
ing, and noticing the badges, buttons and 
insignia of the various members of the 
church, stated that he believed if the 
Lord had seen a square and compass on 
^Matthew's coat, a Grand Army button 
on Luke's vest and three links somewhere 
on Saint ]\Iark, He would never have 
said, 'They are not of the world, even 
as I am not of the world." 
— The Bnriiiiio- Bush. 



June, 1904. 

not be out of place to quote from a few 
of the letters recently received from pas- 
tors of Methodist Episcopal Churches. A 
pastor in Oklahoma writes : "I have just 
received a copy of The Christian Cyno- 
sure. I have read it with profit and 
pleasure and think I will have to add it to 
my list of papers." Another pastor of 
the same church in Oregon writes : 
*'God bless you in your anti-lodge work ! 
The lodge is one of the curses of our 
country. The church and it cannot al- 
ways live together." Another pastor of 
Oklahoma writes that he received the 
sample copy of the Cynosure at a time 
when he was being strongly urged by a 
brother minister to enter the lodge, but 
now he is confirmed in his opposition 
against it. He says: 'T have read The 
Cynosure with great pleasure, and be- 
lieve it a God-send to me in my time of 

It is a matter of special rejoicing that 
the young men of the colleges in the 
South are awakening to the evil char- 
acter of college fraternities. Those who 
recall the non-fraternity association of 
Mercer University, Macon, Ga., and its 
work for students, as related in The 
Cynosure the past year, will have an il- 
lustration and reason for thanksgiving. 
Something is due to this Association also 
for help given the native Christians in 
Brazil who were refused the privilege of 
discussing the lodge question by the 
synod controlled by the Masonic mis- 
sionaries sent from this country, notwith- 
standing the fact that these native Chris- 
tians believed that Masonry was disinte- 
grating their churches. This action on 
the part of the synod resulted in the or- 
ganization of six anti-secrecy Presby- 
terian churches. We should not only be 
interested, but we should also pray for 
the young men of the colleges and for 
our brethren in Brazil. 

It has been many years since Professor 
H. A. Fischer met with us. We were 
also glad to greet again Rev. E)r. Frfield, 
of Kansas City, as also Rev. Dr. W. L. 
Ferris, so well known throughout Iowa 
and Illinois. It would have been a great 
disappointment if we had not had with 
us our faithful helper and friend. Rev. 

Samuel H. Swartz, pastor of the Meth- 
odist Church in Yorkville, 111. ; and also 
Rev. Jesse W. Brooks, superintendent of 
the Chicago Tract Society, and Rev. W. 
B. Olmsted, editor of the Sunday school 
literature of the Free Methodist Church. 

It was very pleasant to greet again 
Rev. H. H. Hinman, of Oberlin, Ohio, 
and Rev. Geo. M. Elliott, of St. Augus- 
tine, Fla. The prayers and remarks of 
each were good to hear. Two new mem- 
bers were added to the Board of Direct- 
ors — Rev. E. Breen, of the Christian Re- 
formed Church, and Rev. W. R. Miller, 
of the German Baptist Church. No one 
added more to the interest of the gather- 
ing than our vice president. Rev. J. 
Groen, of Grand Rapids, Mich. He has 
a church comprised of working people 
and some of them aged, sick and poor. 
We were specially interested in two things 
which he mentioned. First, that his 
church takes up a collection every Sun- 
day for the poor, and they raise during 
the year something like fifteen hundred 
dollars. For some of whom homes are 
rented and they receive a regular week- 
ly stipend ; some have been sent to dis- 
tant places where the climate would be 
more conducive to their recovery from 
sickness and the church has supported 
them during these costly efforts for the 
recovery of their health. How little we 
really know about the great amount of 
charity that is performed by the church 
of Christ. The second matter of special 
interest was his narration of the results to 
the church of faithful teaching of the 
gospel and warning against the secret 
lodge system. In his church of four hun- 
dred families and in thirteen years' pas- 
torate it was only necessary for the 
church to deal with two members for 
joining the lodge, both of whom finally 
abandoned the lodge and returned to the 

Every one present at 'the evening ses- 
sion must have enjoyed the sweet and 
whole-hearted service of song rendered 
by the choir of Rev. Dr. Nystrom's 
church, as well as the pastor's kindly 
welcome. At the close of the session 
there must have been at least two hun- 
dred who rose to pledge themselves to 

June, 1904. 



pray for this reform and be Christ's wit- 
nesses this coming year that men might 
be saved from this enemy of their souls 
and of the church. 


The annual business meeting of the 
Association was called to order by Rev. 
C. A. Blanchard, D. D., president of 
the Association, at 10:30 a. m., in the 
Lecture Room of the "Association 
Building/' 153 La Salle street, Chicago. 
Prayer was offered by Rev. W. L. Fer- 
ris, D. D., after which President Blanch- 
ard gave a short exhortative address 
in which he spoke of the need of empha- 
sizing the positive as well as the negative 
elements in this reform and appealed to 
his hearers to make much during the com- 
ing year of both these elements. 

Rev. W. B. Stoddard and Miss M. 
Helen Kennedy were appointed on the 
Enrollment Committee. 

The Secretary of the Board of Direc- 
tors read the report of the Board for 
the past year and indulged in some his- 
torical reminiscences of the Association. 

Prayer was then offered by Rev. W. 
B. Rose, assistant publisher of the Free. 
Methodist, and Rev. Jesse W. Brooks, 
superintendent of the Chicago Tract So- 
ciety, in which they invoked the presence 
and the benediction of God upon the busi- 
ness of the day. Rev. H. H. Hinman, 
of Oberlin, Ohio, formerly agent of the 
Association, now in his eighty-second 
year, and Rev. S. F. Porter, of Cleve- 
land, Ohio, also a former agent of the 
Association, now in his ninety-first year, 
then addressed the assembly in a remi- 
niscent way and expressed their pleasure 
at the privilege of being present. 

The Treasurer's report was next given 
and numerous questions were asked, 
evincing deep interest in the financial 
condition of the Association. The au- 
ditors reported as follows: 
To the National Christian Association : 

The undersigned members of the Au- 
diting Committee have examined the 
books of your Treasurer, W. L Phillips, 
up to April 30th, 1904, inclusive, and 
find that they are correctly kept, and 
that there are. vouchers for all expendi- 
tures, according to the statement of J. M. 

Hitchcock, who examined the vouchers 
for the Finance Committee ; we also find 
that securities are on hand as stated in 
the annual report. 

We have also examined the report of 
Wm. H. Fischer, Trustee of Annuity 
Funds, and find the same to be correct 
and in accordance with the books of the 

Ezra A. Cook, Auditor, 
George Bent, Auditor, 
H. A. Fischer, Auditor. 

It was voted that the Board of Direc- 
tors be hereby instructed to secure, if 
the matter seemed feasible, a secretary 
in each demonination, opposed to secret 
orders, through whom the Association 
might communicate and increase the ef- 
ficiency, of the general work. 

Committees were appointed as follows : 

On Resolutions — Rev. H. H. Hinman, 
Rev. Geo. M. Elliott, Rev. W. B. Stod- 
dard ; on Enrollment — Mr. H. F. Kletz- 
ing. Rev. E. Breen, Rev. W. B. Rose, 
Mrs. C. B. Kennedy, Rev. J. P. Bar- 
rett ; on New Members — Rev. Samuel H. 
Swartz, Rev. J. Groen, Mr. J. M. Hitch- 
cock; on Plan Work— Mrs. N. E. Kel- 
logg, Rev. L. N. Stratton, Rev. J. A. 
Mack. After prayer the session adjourn- 
ed to meet at two o'clock. 

President Blanchard called the Asso- 
ciation order at two o'clock and prayer 
was oft'ered by Rev. Geo. M. Elliott, of 
St. Augustine, Florida, and Rev. J. W. 
Fifield, of Kansas City, Mo. 

Mr. J. L. Webster, a seceding Mason, 
from Rossville, 111., was then asked by 
the chairman to speak to the Associa- 
tion upon his experience as a Mason and 
how he came to leave the order. His 
experiences were not dift'erent from those 
of a great many others. At the close 
of the lodge he was prevailed upon to 
accompany those members of the lodge 
who were in favor of drinking and ca- 
rousing, and this step was followed by 
others until his former lodge friends had 
no further use for him, and no eft'ort was 
made to recover him from his fall, not- 
withstanding two or three ministers were 
members of the lodge during his con- 
nection with it. The Lord Jesus deliv- 
ered him from the lodge and his appe- 
tit for strong drink, and he is now re- 



June, 1904. 

joicing in his freedom in Christ and is 
giving his time, so far as possible, to 
warning others of the dangers that lurk 
in lodge membership. i\fter the sing- 
ing of a hymn, Rev. Dr. Fifield spoke of 
his visit here in Chicago, and of his in- 
terest in the work, and gave some er- 
couraging instances of the progress of 
the reform and of the impossibility of 
stopping the agitation when Christians 
were faithful in testimony. 

The Committee on Nominations made 
tiie following report, which was acccpt- 
fd and adopted: 

President — Rev. Charles A. Blanchard, 
D. D., Wheaton, 111. 

Vice-President — Rev. J. Groen, Grand 
Rapids, Mich. 

Recording Secretary — J. M. Hitch- 

General Secretary, Treasurer, Editor 
— W. L Phillips. 

Directors— S. H. Swartz, W. R. Mill- 
er, E. Breen, W. B. Rose, E. Whipple, 
L. N. Stratton, J. M. Hitchcock, E. A. 
Cook, J. A. Mack, C. A. Blanchard, J. 
F. Kletzing. 


Whereas we find in the Secret Lodge 
System a great power for evil as is con- 
stantly demonstrated in social, political 
and church life, and, 

Whereas, We believe there is need for 
an active, aggressive association, that 
shall do the work the N. C. A. is now 
doing. Resolved, 

I. That we have great reason to rliank 
God for the growing opposition to the 
secret lodge system which is the natural 
outcome of public enlightenment. 

n. We are thoroughly convinced that 
no good cause need resort to a ssstem 
of lodgery for its advancement. 

HL We note with pleasure tlie oppo- 
sition now being given the lodges by the 
great freedom in the publications of their 
follies and vices in many of the popu- 
lar secular and religious papers. 

IV. We believe the number of Ijos- 
pel Ministers who lift voice and ])en" in 
opposition to this evil is increasing and 
shall expect to hear from many more 
as the years go by. 

V. We are thankful so many of the 

churches testifying against the lodges 
recognize in our Association a hebful 
agency and are securing the information 
and support we are always glad to give. 

VI. We invite all Christians, but es- 
pecially Gospel Ministers and Christian 
workers, to send us any information they 
have showing the effect of the lodges on 
church, family or State. 

VII. That the work of the coming 
year be so arranged as to accomplish the 
largest possible good, we invite all friends 
who can aid in holding State conventions, 
the giving of lectures, or the circulation 
of literature to write of their intentions 
to Secretary Wm. I. Phillips at once. 

VIIL We note that the refusal of wit- 
nesses before the Senate Committee to 
reveal the obligations they had taken in 
the Mormon Endowment house illus- 
trates the danger of secret societies to 
our republic, and makes apparent our 
duty to insist that all oaths and covenants 
of secrecy shall be held subordinate. 

IX. As God has called to himself 
some of our most efficient helpers dur- 
ing the year past, we bow in recogni- 
tion to his sovereign will, while we sor- 
row in our great loss. 

Plan of Work. 

The report of the Committee on Plan 
of Work was adopted, and is as follows : 

The Committee on Plans for Future 
Work respectfully report that we rejoice 
in what has been accomplished during 
the past year and suggest that so far as 
possible the plans of last year be con- 
tinued. Your Committee thinks the plan 
suggested this morning by President 
Blanchard, and adopted by the conven- 
tion, is wise. We believe individual 
churches which^ bear testimony against 
secret societies should be encouraged in 
the Cynosure and by our lecturers to be 
faithful to their testimonies against the 
evil of secrecy and ''having done all to 
stand," whether the enemy come in like a 
flood or seek to insinuate itself in a harm- 
less ( ?) insurance or industrial way. 

The Association, by unanimous vote, 
elected the following named as corpor- 
ate members of the Association : 

Rev. W. B. Olmstead, Chicago, 111.; 
Ira Green, Rossville, 111. ; C. D. Trum- 
bull, Morning Sun, Iowa ; Rev. M. E. 
Remmele, Clarksville, Mich. ; Mrs. A. B. 

June, llXMt. 



Browne, Cummington, Mass. ; J. C. Berg, 
Scottdale, Pa. ; Wni. Houston, Brim- 
iield; Rev. W. R. Miller, 466 Jackson 
boulevard, Chicago; Rev. C. B. Ebey, 
Chicago, 111. ; Rev. J. T. Logan and wife, 
Chicago, 111. ; Rev. W. T. Hogue, Green- 
ville, 111. ; Mrs. A. K. Richey, Macedo- 
nia, Ohio; Mrs. H. W. Bourne, Cedar 
Rapids, Iowa; Mrs. Caroline Coe Shaw, 
Tiffin, Ohio; N. Martin, Martinstown, 
Wis.; Rev. D. S. Paris, Sparta, 111; H. 
Louis Kellogg, Vera Cruz, Mexico ; 
Rufus L. Park, Muskegon, Mich. ; Rob- 
ert Jones, Eglington, Ontario, Canada ; 
Wm. Kitely, Sharon, Wis. ; Rev. S. F. 
Sprunger, Berne, Ind. ; Mrs. Julia A. 
Reed, Ousted, Mich.; Mrs. M. E. Mc- 
Kee, Clarinda, Iowa; J. B. Barnes, For- 
est City, 111. ; John Morison, Chicago, 
111.; W. B. Guild, Wheaton, 111.; Elder 
A. B. Lipp, Sidney, Mo. ; Rev. E. Breen, 
Chicago, 111.; Mr. O. M. Temple, Chi- 
cago, 111. 

After the reports named above had 
been read, the General Secretary gave a 
number of interesting incidents of the 
work of the Association during the past 
year and of its organ, the Christian Cyno- 
sure. Letters were also read from 
absent members, containing greetings of 
encouragement and sympathy. A few of 
these letters only can be published be- 
cause of lack of space. Letters were re- 
ceived from members as noted below : 

Letters trom Members. 

Julia A. Reed, Ousted, Mich.; A. J. 
Millard, Little Rock, Ark.; Wm. Wish- 
art, Allegheny City, Pa. ; D. H. Harring- 
ton. Raymond, Ohio ; J. W. Suidter, 
Sharon, Wis. ; Joel H. Austin, Goshen, 
Ind. ; J. A. Richards, Ft. Scott, Kansas ; 
Mrs. Ann Richards, Hebron, Ind. ; E. 
Llewellyn Davies, D. D., Lake Forest, 
111.: W. R. Sterrett, Cedarville, Ohio; 
Milton Wright, Dayton, Ohio; J. B. 
Barnes, Forest Citv, HI. ; E. D. Bailev, 
Brooklyn, N. Y. ; J. A. Conant, Wilfi- 
mantic. Conn. ; Mrs. M. C. Baker, Whit- 
tle Springs, Tenn. ; Mrs. J. R. lohnson. 
Morning Sun, Iowa, and Mrs. Lydia C. 
Andrews, Waupun, Wis. ; Rev. S. P. 
Long, Mansfield, O. 

interest in your gathering and in the 
work you have so long and ably carried 
forward, and also of the loyalty of the 
New England Christian Association to 
the parent society to which we acknowl- 
edge our debt of gratitude for sympathy, 
encouragement and help in time of need. 
Those who were once young and effi- 
cient have either passed on or become old 
and inefficient in the active duties of the 
work. But it is a great satisfaction to 
see so many young and strong support- 
ers rallying to the standard set up by 
hands that have ''forgotten their cun- 
ning," or become nerveless and feeble 
by the greatness of the way. God's hand 
never tires and His purposes never fail. 
The whole lodge system is His enemy 
and the enemy of His church, and He 
will not fail nor be discouraged until He 
has swept the whole Kingdom of dark- 
ness from the face of the earth, and es- 
tablished His own Kingdom of Right- 
eousness and peace in the islands of the 
seas and the uttermost parts of the earth. 

Praying that you may be wise in coun- 
sel, faithful in administration, efficient 
in action, devout in spirit and of one 
mind and heart, sitting at the feet of the 
Master and learning of Him, I am, 

Your Brother and Co- Worker in this 
holy war, 

James P. Stoddard. 

C. D. Trumbull. 

James P. Stoddard. 

Boston, May 9. 1904. 
This is to assure you of my personal 

Morning Sun, Iowa, May, 10, 1904. 

I would be pleased to meet with the 
brethren at the several meetings, but 
circumstances over which I have no con- 
trol forbid me. 

I follow the work of the N. C. A. as 
set forth in the Cynosure with unabated 
interest. This thought has come to my 
mind : ''Might it not be that the work 
would be more effective, might it not 
enjoy more fully the favor of God if all 
members of the Association would with- 
draw from ecclesiastical fellowship with 
all members of secret orders?" Is there 
not warrant for such a procedure? In 
2 Thes. 3:6. we read: "Xow we com- 
mand you, brethren, in the name of our 
Lord Jesus Christ, that ye withdraw 
yourselves from . every brother that 
w^alketh disorderlv, and not after the tra- 



June. 1904. 

dition that he received from us.'" In i 
Cor. 5:11, the apostle mentions certain 
classes with whom Christians must not 
eat. The specifications are not exhaus- 
tive. May not members of secret orders 
be put in the same category? How can 
one who believes that secret orders oe- 
long to the kingdom of darkness receive 
the Lord's Supper from the hands of a 
^Masonic minister, or even sit at the 
Lord's table with members of secret or- 
ders, knowing that they are such, and not 
nullify his testimony? A'ery few would 
sit at the Lord's table with saloonkeep- 
ers and open drunkards, why sit with of- 
ficers and members of secret lodges? 

The X. C. A. is, comparatively speak- 
ing, a small body ; to take the position I 
advocate might make it numerically, a 
Gideon band, but might it not be that it 
would have some favor with God if every 
member would refuse ecclesiastical fel- 
lowship with those who deny Christ in 
the Lodge? 

That your meeting may be blessed of 
God to His glory and the good of men 
is the prayer of 

Your fellow servant, 
(Rev.) C. D. Trumbull. 

Sarah. E. Morrow. 

lola, Kas., April 30, 1904. 

Convey my greetings to our X. C. A. 
at the Annual Meeting, and my regrets 
that I cannot be with you on that occa- 
sion. Allow me to recommend the se- 
curing of signatures of all the members 
of the various churches, in line with us 
in our work, to our Constitution. 

Could this not be accomplished by 
•'monster'" petitions circulated amongst 
them by pastors or friends of the move- 
ment ? 

It seems to me this might be produc- 
tive of the happiest results as an educa- 
tor of the general public also in every 
such community. Show our reserve 

]\Iay the Holy Spirit direct all meet- 

Yours fraternally, 

Sarah E. ^Morrow. 

Jesus Christ, and have left the church of 
which I was a member and have no 
Christian home at all. I will not hear a 
^Masonic minister preach if I know it, 
nor receive the emblems of Christ's brok- 
en body and shed blood from a masonic 
deacon's hand. I read in 2d. Corinthians, 
14 to 18 verse, "To come out from 
amongst them." 

Hoping God"s blessing to be with you 
and His wisdom to guide vou. 

A. G: Mansfield. 

D. 31. Sleeth. 

A. G. 3Iansfield. 

Albion, Xeb., April 23, 1904. 
I am trying to follow my ^Master, 

Lyndon, Kansas, May 6, 1904. 

I would much like to attend, but the 
distance and the press of work at home- 
forbids. As the years pass I am more 
and more impressed with the righteous- 
ness of the cause the Association repre- 
sents. The liberty of true manhood is the 
goal before us. Xo man is quite a free 
man after he has exchanged secrets with 
another. It seems to me there are some 
symptoms that the public are beginning 
to recognize the danger of secrecy more 
fully. Trusts and combinations of capi- 
tal are met with the demand that the 
evidence of their business transactions' 
shall be open to public inspection. The 
high handed action of many of the or- 
ganizations that array themselves against 
these forces, in the shape of secret un- 
ions, is losing for them the sympathy ther 
could once command from the public. 
The right of organization on both sides 
is freely conceded but the danger of se- 
cret organization is becoming apparent. 

If I were to offer any suggestion as 
to the work of the Association for the 
future it would be that a greater stress 
be laid upon that line of thought. For 
many years past there has been a dispo- 
sition on the part of the secret orders to 
aftect business by means of combinations, 
as in courts, and conventions, and elec- 
tions, etc. ]\Iore recently the organiza- 
tion of secret lodges for" business pur- 
posed has been greatly developed. Agri- 
cultural enterprises, insurance, both life 
and property, and various other forms of 
activity, physical, mechanical and com.- 
mercial, have been proposed and carried 
on under the cover of secrecy. So gen- 
eral have these things become that the 
whole world seems in "danger of being' 


. 4: 

r ^ : -ier the swav of the grip. si^r. 
:: -r. :rd. 

i believe it is a menace to a common- 
weiJth to have any doors that will noi 
open to the knock of the honest citizeo, 
or admit without question the represen:- 
atives of the government. I beheve the 
guarded door of social or business organ- 
ization should be regarded as prima fa- 
cie evict:: :e :•£ something questionable, 
and subject the affair to a rigid examina- 
tion. W'e need to learn to deal with men 
as men, not as suspects, and trust to tne 
operation of social and civil law for pr«> 
tection against any who ma\ assail the 
rights of others. All forms of secrecy in 
social and business life sh i.ild be opposed 
as dangerous to the welfare of the :r. ii- 
v-idual and the commonwealth. 

(Rev.) D. M. Seerh. 

L. B Lathrop. 

George "W. Sliealej-. 

WTiitiier. Cal., INIay 5. 1904. 

Glad I am able to send you a soldier's 
greeting this morning. I read what ?^v/: 
has to say about it, this morning. Z: - 
dure hardness as a good soldier :: :':e 
Lord Jesus Christ." 

The last days. These ^re :he ::: :es :he 
old soldier saw when he thus r :e :: 
Timothy, without doubt. Ani : ^n 
will do and die for a transient ho:::.t m 
this world as they are even doing to-day. 
how much more glorious to fight the 
good fight of faith for a home in heaven, 
where the wicked cease from troubling 
and the wear\- art : -e er at rest. Hal- 

We praise th for the noble bat- 

tle you have i: ^ e past year. The 

mighrv- anti-Christ is growing in mem- 
bers and power and might, but the chil- 
dren of the King should ever remember 
that He who is for them is stronger than 
all who can come against them. We are 
not responsible for \-ictor\' sooner or 
later, but we are responsible for our own 
testimony and that must ALWAYS be 
against the whole lodge system. 

We thank you ver>- much for the in- 
teresting papers you are giA-ing. and pray 
the dear SaA-ior to bless and guide you 
in this great work. 

Yours for the Glor\- of the King. 

Geo. W. Shealev. 

Capitoia, Cah, ]^Iay i, 1904. . 

I received your circular letter and re- 
port myself as - zeal 
for our cause . „ :_ :.: . _ my 
strength, physically and financially, is 
well nigh exhausted, I rejoice that the 
work is going on. 

I this day enter up ear 

and my work is ne:. hke 

John Brown, I expect to be more active 
and useful on the other side. 

I do r.ot feel competent to say any 
thing in the ■ ?_; :f teaching, but by the 
v.ay of enc: . r.^rv.ent I will say that 
though the work moves slowly and looks 
discouraging, still it is no more so th^.n 
other great reforms. 

Large bodies move slowly and reforms 
deal with public sentiment, a ntight}- 
force to handle, which is next to Gxi in 
the field of reform. Xothing can be 
done without it nor against it : to change 
that is to move the world and that is 
what we are doing. With God's help it 
can 're f r.r. as has bee:, i ne in freeing 
the sii t5 n: America :.:\ '. ?.nssia. I re- 
:r.i:^.\rr r ' ziz : .: and arduous 
strn^^-r :.^i:ns: :hr :.:rrent of public 

We hoped and prayed that God would 
bring it about in some way and at some 
time, though we did not expect to see 
it in our day. Xow it is a thing of the 
past, we still live and many of the makers 
of public sentiment then, are now work- 
ing in this field of greater enterprise, and 
the work moves faster :'- \- h seems from. 
external appearance. 

Were all the Christia: 'vrches to 
move against secrecy- as thr n i in Mor- 
gan's time they would kill it in one year. 
There are now thousands of mdnisters so 
filled with anti-secret sentim.ent. that 
they can •" - " -eirain from acting. Still 
they see : .r _hr\- power of public sen- 
timent arrayed against them and they 
deem it im.prudent for one alone to face 
an organized thousand. But let them 
once see that public sentiment leads, and 
they will spring into the work with a 
^-im. as others did in Morgan's time, and 
the work will he d-ne with a rush. 

I am in :. nit\- where secrecv 

rules seemir.^- without opp<35ition. 

However, the anti-secret sentiment is be- 



June, 1904. 

ing stored up to burst like stored elec- 
tricity when the current changes. 
• I am acquainted with two prominent 
ministers here who acknowledge to nie 
that they are full of anti-secrecy, but 
they say to me that they know^ if they 
speak out on that subject they would 
get their walking papers. 

So let us be encouraged. God is lead- 
ing in this reform and we are working 
under Him and victory is sure in His 

I bid you God speed, trust in Christ, 
your leader, and victory is sure. 

L. B. Lathrop. 

Agent Stoddard's Annual Report. 

The following report by Rev. W. B. 
Stoddard was listened to with marked 
interest : 

Dear Friends of the Anti-Secrecy Cause, 
Greeting — In most respects the past year has 
been like former years of our work. The 
proper sowing and cultivation always brings 
the harvest. The soil, the climate and gen- 
eral environments have much to do with 
the result; never is there failure unless we 
are unfaithful. God's truth shall not re- 
turn void. I have found opportunity to de- 
liver one hundred and sixty-five lectures and 
addresses. The number of calls made in 
presentation of our work is estimated 2,415; 
the number of Cynosure subscriptions taken, 
765, amounting to $813.16; collections aggre- 
gate $228.05; traveling expenses, $429.49. 
While my financial showing is not quite up 
to the year previous, it is an improvement 
over many recent years. 

The territory over which I have traveled 
has been greater and opportunities for the 
presentation of my message better than in 
former years. Indeed, so many are the open 
doors and calls for help that at times I 
scarcely know which way I should turn. 
In this work there must be constant seed- 
sowing and reaping. They go together. 
Never was it more true than now that the 
harvest is great and laborers few. 

While there are likely more going into 
all manner of lodges to-day than ever before. 
I do not believe lodges are as popular as 
five years ago. The National Christian As- 
sociation is helping many to see the light 
but beyond its reach are millions who, sick- 
ened and tired with lodge folly and sinful- 
ness, have found joy in Christ only as they 
have been willing to forsake the fellowship 
of his enemies. Scarcely do I labor in a 
town but I find those who have come out of 
the lodge to be in Christ. 

Our conventions held in Michigan, Iowa,' 
New Jersey and Pennsylvania have had the 
desired effect of stirring up the friends to 
a greater realization of the needs and add- 
ing to our number those who will help us 
.in the years to come. 

Cynosures are going into hundreds of new 
homes because of this year's efforts. Pas- 
tors have been made to rejoice through my 
presentations at conferences and associa- 
tions. Many students have received their 
first knowledge of N. C. A, work through 
my visits and addresses in college and sem- 
inary. And by lectures, sermons. Cynosure 
or tract, in season, and perhaps as many 
would think out of season, I have sought to 
shed light upon the lodge darkness. As I 
review the past year I rejoice in the knowl- 
edge of good accomplished. 

I am frequently asked, "Are you gaining 
ground?" To this I may always reply, Yes. 
Not as much as I would like, not as much 
as we should or as we will. Never was I 
surer than now that God called to this work 
and that he sustains in it. Our relative 
gains and losses we may not know, as sta- 
tistics do not always represent facts, for 
facts cannot always be formed into sta- 
tistics. Without the expenditure of a vast 
sum it would be impossit)le to even estimate 
the numerical strength of the lodges, while 
the number of those opposed can never be 
known. I believe that there is a growing 
freedom in the discussion of lodge matters. 
Only among the few ignorant and benighted 
do I now hear the statement, "You don't 
know anything about it," Intelligence is 
recognizing that the facts must be met and 
that more and more the hidden things of 
dishonesty are ' being proclaimed from the 
very housetops. 

Rejoicing in past blessings, shall we not 
move on to greater victories 

W. B. Stoddard. 

The remarks of ProL H. A. Fischer, 
of Wheaton College, and Principal Geo. 
M. Elliott, of the Industrial Institute, of 
St. Augustine, Fla., and of Vice-Presi- 
dent Groen, of Grand Rapids, Mich,, 
were listened to with much interest, espe- 
cially is this true of the remarke of Rev. 
J. Groen because of his long and varied 
experience as a pastor in dealing with the 
subjects of this reform. 

The closing session of the Swedish 
Covenant Mission Church, said the pas- 
tor, was one which he was sure would be 
of lasting benefit to his own people, and 
there is no doubt that his verdict is true 
of all who were privileged to be present. 

It is no mark of a man to minimize an- 
other's misfortunes. 

A man is known by his manners, a gen- 
tleman bv his acts. 

. A cheerful disposition never needs to 
advertise for friends. 

Jnne. 19r>i. 



Rev. E. Breen. one of the newly elected 
directors of the Xational Christian Asso- 
ciation, received his college and theolog- 
ical education in the Christian Reformed 
educational institutions of Grand Rap- 
ids, ^lich. Graduating from this theolog- 
ical seniinarv- in 1889, he was at once 
appointed Home Missionar\- Superin- 
tendent for the Christian Reformed 
Church. His field included Xew York, 
Ohio, Indiana. Minnesota, Kansas. Ne- 
braska and the Dakotas, so that he is 
widely known throughout his denomina- 
tion. He spent three years as pastor of 
the congregation at Firth. Xeb. Follow- 
ing this pastorate he had the church at 
Orange Citv". Iowa, the capital of Sioux 
County. This was a large and flourish- 
ing congregation of some two hundred 
families, with whom he remained for 
nine years. In Januar>-. 1903, he became 
pastor of the First Christian Reformed 
Church of Chicago. His election to the 
Board of Directors is not the beginning 
of his acquaintance with the National 
Christian Association. He has been 
a writer for his church papers on 
lodge themes and has found the 

literature oi our Association specially 
helpftd to him in this ser\ace. After se» 
curing a copy of Modem Woodmen oi 
America, translating a of it and 

writing upon it for his ...:.: paper, he 
V. as visited by a ^^lodern Woodman, who 
asked him who it was that had ::. ! h::n 
of these facts about this partic. :: r ,:t. 
The youn^- r ': \' '. r. :: realize tha: he 
was break i : _ ^ ' _ :. : i : :. 5 by connrm- 
ing the ex; ;t :\ : :: so faithfully 

rendered h l::::\cr 7.:--r.. 

W, E. ROSE. 

At the recent ar.r-.u:.!^ :..± ::r- 
porate body chose for the third "time Rev. 
^^^ B. Rose as a member of its Board of 
Directors. Mr. Rose is a native of Brook- 
haven, X. Y., where he was bom in 1S49. 
His early life was spent upon a farm, but 
from 1866 to 1878 he was engaged in 
business in Xew York Cit}- : he was also 
for a time with the well known firm of 
Funk & Wagnalls. In 1878 he entered 
the ministT}- of the Free Methodist 
Church and filled various appointments, 
among which were Wilkesbarre, .\Ilen- 
town and Scranton, in Pennsvlvania : 
Xewark and Dover in X'ew Tersev : Elk- 



June, 1904. 

ton, Md., and Windsor and New York 
City, in New York. Mr. Rose was for 
ten years secretary of his conference. For 
the past seven years he has been con- 
nected with the pubHshing interests of 
the Free Methodist denomination, and 
the appreciation of his services was 
sliown at the last General Conference by 
an almost unanimous vote for his re-elec- 
tion to the important position which he 
has so long and ably filled. Brother 
Rose is active in religious and civil mat- 
ters in this city, and among other duties 
has the superintendency of the Sunday 
School of his local church and is a mem- 
ber of the Law and Order League of. 


This is the prediction of Daniel Col- 
well, who spoke before the Catholic Or- 
der Knights of Columbus, April 14, 1904. 

The Richest Order. 

"Ours is the richest order in the world 
to-day," said he, "and O'ur membership 
of 110,191 is a cause for pride. There 
are more than a million dollars in cash in 
our treasury, and we don't owe anybody 
a cent. We have just cause for congrat- 
ulation also in the fact that we have so 
large a representation of our order in 
the halls of Congress, and I predict and 
pray that the time will come when the or- 
ders of the Catholic Church can muster a 
quorum in the House of Representatives. 

"We have energy and tenacity of pur- 
pose, and when that institution on the 
hill has given history as it ought to be 
written, Catholics will be given the place 
which has been denied to them, some- 
times maliciously, for twenty-five years. 
In our order of the Knights of Columbus 
our motto has been quality first and then 
quantity. We are doing a great work. 
In New Haven we have the finest piece of 
land in the very heart of Puritanism, and 
we are going to erect there a building 

which shall be a landmark." 
— Washington Times. 

The theater is a poor gateway to the 
chambers of the blessed. It does not 
open that way. 

Every man should live a crescendo life. 


Mr. Ezra A, Cook has been a mem- 
ber of the Board of Directors of the Na- 
tional Christian Association, we believe, 
for the past thirty years. Most of the 
anti-secrecy books that have been issued 
from the press during the last third of a 
century have been published by Mr. 
Cook. More ojr less of our readers know 
him personally. He was the first pub- 
lisher of The Christian Cynosure. The 
actual fires and floods which he has been 
called upon to pass through since he be- 
gan his active opposition to secrecy 
would have effectually daunted a less de- 
termined and courageous man. Mr. Cook 
lives in the ward from which the notori- 
ous Brennan was lately sent to jail for 
bribing and purchasing votes at the polls. 
It is one of the strongest saloon wards 
in the city, yet at the recent election in 
this ward Mr. Cook received fourteen- 
hundred votes for Alderman. When the 
character of the ward is considered, so 
large a vote is a very high compliment 
to Mr. Cook, especially if it is taken in 
connection with the strong indorsement 
given him by some of the best known 
business men in the city." 

June. IIXM. 





Chicago has added to its Ust another 
pagan worship. It is closely allied to the 
Masonic. This new cult seeks to wor- 
ship the sun directly, while Masonry 
would worship the sun through symbols. 
The grave and insane asylum has already 
claimed its quota from the new cult, 
through the direct effort to carry out the 
teachings of its leader, Rev. Dr. Otto- 
man Zar-Adusht Hanish, Manthra-Magi 
of the El Rhaman Temple, Dastur, w^ho 
insists on long fasts and the mutilation 
of the body. An instrument, consisting 
of needles, is thrust into the flesh of the 
back and pressed so as to lacerate and 
tear it. Some kind of oil or brine is then 
poured upon the sufferer to increase the 
torment and drive the devil out of the 
flesh, as it is claimed. On the whole the 
initiation into this body of sun-worship- 
ers is fully as humiliating and possibly 
more painful than into Masonry, where 
knocking one into a blanket and burial 
under the rubbish of the room and subse- 
quent resurrection is supposed to free 
one from the power of evil and to fit him 
as a living stone "in the temple not made 
with hands." "Dr." Hanish claims 9,000 
worshipers in Chicago and 45,000 in the 
United States. Many of the Chicago ad- 
herents are said to be from the intellect- 
ual and wealthy classes. It would be 
interesting to know whether "Dr." Ha- 
nish is a Free Mason or not ; the proba- 
bilities are that he is. There is a great 
outer}' at present in Chicago against 
modern sun-worship because of the phys- 
ical results to some of its followers, 
though they have been no worse than 
those that have followed some initiations 
into Masonry. Let us contrast some of 
the claims of Masonry and of the new 

3Iasoiiry's Queer Doctrine. 

In Mackey's Manual of the Lodge, he 
says of the oflicers of a Masonic Lodge: 
"The master and wardens are symbols 
of the sun." In Pearson's Traditions of 
Masonry he says : "It is evident then 
that the sun either as an object of. wor- 

ship or a symbolization has always 
formed an important part of both the 
'mysteries' and the system of Freema- 

In every regular and well governed 
lodge there is a certain point within a 
circle and Past Grand Master ]Mackey 
says of it : "The point within a circle is 
derived from the ancient sun-worship 
and is in reality of Phallic origin. The 
Phallus "is supposed by some commenta- 
tors," says Mackey, "to be the god men- 
tioned under the name of Baal-Peor in 
the book of Numbers." 

According to his statements his teach- 
ings embody only the doctrine and phil- 
osophy of optimism. The year i960, he 
says, will introduce an era of universal 
peace. All political strife and struggle 
will cease. His teachings will by that 
time be universally accepted and all wars 
will be at an end. Insane asylums, hos- 
pitals, jails and gallows, he asserts, will 
be forever abolished. 

*'Dr." Hanish's Queer Doctrine. 

According to his explanation his phil- 
osophy teaches the only rational methods 
of rhythmic breathing, body culture and 
proper diet to individuals, as well as to 
those who desire to retain their health 
and take to a natural mode of living. 

By the strict adherence to his teach- 
ings he says a person may live to be 150 
years old, and he expects to attain that 

Briefly stated, the Hanish system of 
philosophy is founded upon the follow- 
ing teachings : 

■ The vibrations from all the planets 
have the Sun as a focal point and are 
then reflected to us. The sun is also the 
inner thought. Perfect breathing means 
perfect life; perfect condition of the 
brain, perfect thinking and absence of 
fatigue or tissue degeneration. 

In the theological division of his doc- 
trines he teaches that all is God and God 
is all and that the Holy Family of Fath- 
er, Mother and Child expresses the prin- 
ciple of unity through the divine trinity. 

The daily rites necessan^ to member- 
ship in the Hanish society consist of a 
system of w^ild gesticulations before the 
sun, accompanied by incantations. Light 
diet at all times and prolonged fasts a< 
intervals are also included. 



June, 1904. 

*'Dr.'' Hanish asserts that he subsists 
on a daily diet of three handful s of pop- 
corn, with an occasional swallow of olive 

O, that all these men and women, our 
friends and neighbors, could understand 
the love of God in Jesus Christ and the 
exceeding reward of worship in Him. 
The heart is not satisfied and it only can 
be satisfied when it rests in Jesus Christ. 
Let us be more earnest and positive and 
faithful in preaching Him in season and 
out of season during the coming months 
that we mav save some. 


'•To the Editor of the Watchman: 

'•My communication in the Easter number, 
relating to a fictitious report concerning ex- 
President Cleveland, together with an er- 
roneous statement of the number of presi- 
dents who had been Masons, called out a 
suggestions to which I now attempt to re- 
spond. It may be uncertain whether any 
one knows the exact number of Masons who 
have filled the presidential office, at all 
events. Masons do not agree. 

"James Buchanan, James A. Garfield and 
James K. Polk, Andrew Jackson and An- 
drew Johnson are said to have been initated, 
and there is no question about William Mc- 
Kinley or Theodore Roosevelt, who is a re- 
cent initiate. Millard Fillmore, like thou- 
sands of other Masons, renounced the or- 
der soon after Captain William Morgan of 
Batavia, N. Y., was abducted. Washington, 
who took his first degree at the age of twen- 
ty and became a Mason at twenty-one, did 
not, like Fillmore, formally renounce the or- 
der, but ceased to attend lodge meetings sev- 
eral years before the Revolution, and con- 
tinued inactive during the remaining thirty 
years of his life. Much of what is said 
about him in connection with Masonry is 
nearly as unfounded as what was said about 

"Presidents not Masonically claimed are: 
John Adams, John Quincy Adams, an active 
opponent, and John Tyler; James Madison 
and James Monroe, William Henry Harrison 
and Benjamin Harrison, Thomas Jefferson, 
Zachary Taylor, Rutherford B. Hayes, 
Chester A. Arthur, Grover Cleveland, Ulys- 
ses S. Grant and Abraham Lincoln. To 
these must perhaps be added Franklin Pierce 
and Martin Van Buren, though concerning 
these Masons disagree. G." 

While the concluding sentence of the 
foregoing communication to a lead- 
ing religious journal is true, it is 
also true, that, in his gubernatorial 
message to the New York Legis- 
lature in January, 1829, Van Buren re- 

ferred to the anti-Masonic movement 
then active in New York, following the 
Morgan crime, in terms of commenda- 
tion. This does not prove conclusively 
that he had not been a Mason ; yet it does 
not favor the opinion that he had. The 
list printed in the Iowa Masonic Library 
Quarterly Bulletin for November, 1893, 
excludes Van Buren. 


No doubt many who believe secret 
orders a menace to all that is worth 
guarding in church and state, are at a 
loss when they look for a place where 
they can directly protect the interests 
threatened. It is not necessary to dwell 
here on reasons why those who might 
naturally be expected to speak on moral, 
religious and governmental questions, 
steadily neglect one interwoven with 
them all. \¥hether those reasons justify 
silence, is another question that can be 
passed over for the time being, in or- 
der to reach^ at once the further ques- 
tion; what, after all, can he do who 
would work quietly yet effectually? A 
few newly interested may welcome timely 
suggestions reaching them before they 
settle into hopeless inaction. 

Every post office opens into quiet av- 
enues of work, greatly extending range 
of territory. For example, from a hun- 
dred miles away, a graduate or friend of 
an academy, college or professional school 
can mail to every new class appearing 
in the catalogue, at least a tract; which 
will not only do its own work, but will 
also show where further information is 
attainable. The latter effect may prove 
the more important. 

Minutes of conventions and various re- 
ligious gatherings, contain names of 
Christian workers to whom literature can 
be sent. Denominational papers and year 
books furnish names of pastors. Atten- 
tion should be given particularly to those 
newly ordained, and not solicited by or- 
ders. A dime will pay postage on tracts 
reaching ten persons who ought to know 
that facts can be known. The sender 
remains quietly unknown and lets truth 
do its work. 

Judiciously managed, work of this sort 
would, in a few years, make some selected 

June, 1904. 


town unusually intelligent on this sub- 
ject. Thus a faithful, persistent worker 
could virtually make himself a useful 
member of a township so far from his 
home that its people would not even 
know their benafactor's name. Similar 
work can be done indirectly through the 
office of the Cynosure. On receipt of 
ten cents or any multiple, a correspond- 
ing number of sample copies will be 
mailed from the office to addresses nam- 
ed. Or twenty-five cents will keep the 
influence of the. Cynosure three months 
at one point. Still another method would 
be to send a book of permanent value 
and solid character. Just now the N. 
C. A. is issuing large numbers of a new 
one, and there are older ones which 
never lose interest or value ; — for ex- 
ample, Finney on Masonry, which one 
of the most experienced and prominent 
anti-secret workers in America once men- 
tioned as perhaps the best book with 
which to begin. After this, might follow 
Ex-President John Quincy Adam's Let- 
ters on Fremasonry, the Carpenter prize 
€ssay volume on Secrecy and Citizen- 
ship, by Benj. F. Trueblood, LL. D., 
and others, and exposures of rituals ad- 
vertised in each issue of the Cynosure. 
Attention w^ould be called to books com- 
monly found in the larger public libra- 
ries, by means of a typewritten list of 
titles and shelf numbers circulated 
through the mail. Not all anti-secret 
literature is of equal value and the first 
task is judicious selection. There is also 
possible choice for the sake of adaptation 
to readers. Some who. would neglect 
Finney or Adams, might read with in- 
terest Green's Broken Seal, with its true 
story of riot, adbuction and murder. 

There is enough to be done, much of 
which can be reached with little time or 
money expended. More mone^^ could 
easily disseminate information concern- 
ing orders and the way fo know about 
them, through any selected village or 
cluster of towns; through any group of 
pastors associated in one ministers' meet- 
ing; through a church or group of 
churches ; or through the successive 
classes of any educational institution. 
Taking these suggestions as initial, each 
one could use his own method in ap- 
proaching the work to which he had 

been unable to see any public avenue. 
He need not be a speaker, writer or giver 
of endowments ; he need not issue loud 
challenges or push into debate for which 
he felt imperfectly prepared ; yet he 
could reach a large audience, making 
available the wisdom and power of oth- 
er men, thus opening a wider range to 
other workers. Some of the things sug- 
gested have actually been done, and the 
mails are still open to the quiet co-oper- 
ation of unknown allies. 


President Eugene Ashley's contempt 
case deserves continued attention, and 
may well be kept in mind when the rela- 
tion of Masonic oaths to loyal citizenship 
is considered. Whether this will become 
a standard typical case like that of the 
Hartford arson, remains to be seen, but 
it ought not to be allowed to pass merely 
as a current news item. As an item of 
interesting news, it appeared in the Post- 
Standard from which it was copied into 
the April Cynosure under the heading 
''Civil vs. Masonic Oath." 

Mr. Ashley paid a fine of $ioo, and if 
he persisted three days in failing to an- 
swer certain questions was to be impris- 
oned. He urged the privilege of refus- 
ing because his knowledge of answers 
was confidentially communicated to him 
as an attorney. He said that if the Ap- 
pellate Division sustained the surrogate 
he would cheerfully furnish the execu- 
tive the information he had refused in 

Yet, having refused to answer the 
question of counsel, he added, as the 
Post-Standard says, "With considerable 
feeling, — 'And I state further, that I have 
taken my oath as a Mason not to reveal 
it.' " He thus make his Masonic oath a 
further objection to testifying according 
to his court oath. It hardly nullifies this 
striking act, to consent nevertheless to tlie 
authority of the Appellate Division. The 
Masonic oath has yet been offered by a 
Mason as a hindrance to freely carrying 
out the obligation of the court oath. 

To throw away our Sabbaths is like 
a lame man throwing away his crutch, 
or a blind man his guide. 



June, 1904. 


Joseph Scott, a lawyer in Los Angeles, 
California, is State Deputy of the 
Knig-hts of Columbus. The Columbiad 
of February, 1904, says, in an editorial 
note, that "He is in close touch with the 
clergy, and numbers among his many 
personal friends Archbishop Montgom- 
ery of San Francisco and Bishop Conatz 
of Los Angeles." "At Ushaw College, 
England, he was a pupil under the pres- 
ent Secretary of State, Cardinal Merry 
de Val, with whom he now corresponds 
on terms of affectionate intimacy." 

The February Columbiad published an 
article by Mr. Scott on 'The Mission of 
the Order in the Land of Missions." The 
first part of his article is devoted largely 
to setting forth the ignorance and arro- 
gance of Yankees and Puritans, who are 
conceitedly unaware that they are not de- 
scended from the real civilizers of the 
western world. To the Catholics is due 
the credit of beginning to civilize the 
Aborigines almost a century before ''Ply- 
mouth Rock was first struck." Even yet, 
"there are no Yankee Indians, there arc 
no Puritan Indians." 

"Nevertheless, the Puritan is being 
driven westward by the development of 
the same old church on the Atlantic Sea- 
board, and Boston and all New England 
is being overrun by the Catholic 'for- 
eigners.' As they come in, the Puritan 
starts West, and gradually he comes into 
the land of the old Cathohc missionaries.'' 

"He finds the old Indian missions * * * 
deprived of their rightful appropriations 
by the United States government." 

Here is betrayed the hostility of a law- 
yer practicing in American courts, to the 
spirit and letter of the first amendment to 
the American Constitution, and to relig- 
ious liberty. He would have Protestants 
taxed for the promotion of Catholic' mis- 
sions, — a procedure intolerable if under- 
taken for the support oi Protestant mis- 
sions, and contrary to the principles of re- 
ligious freedom. 

The old Catholic missions being ruin- 
ed, "the Puritan 'Gringo' finds at last a 
congenial field." "Who are responsible 
for the influx of the Puritans into the 
land of missions?" Who have driven the 
"Methodists and other Puritan denomina- 

tions" from the East and forced 
them westward? "Undoubtedly the 
healthy, progressive and fearless Catho- 
lics of the East; — and, primarily re- 
sponsible, this great Catholic organiza- 
tion of the "Knights of Columbus." 

It was then the bounden duty of "men 
responsible for expelling the Puritans 
from their native heath into this land 
of the Mission Fathers," to send also an 
"antidote against the poison of Puritan 
doctrine. Hence, the Knights of Colum- 
bus did well to send on after the retir- 
ing Puritans the degree teams of our 
noble Order." Protestants in Los An- 
geles, "most of whom are from Puritan 
stock in the East, or a second crop Yan- 
kee via Kansas and the Middle West, 
pry into the little adobe houses of the 
Mexicans" * "^ "and are planning 
a crusade to evangelize the poor chil- 
dren, and to teach them the Bible from 
the "English" version ; and, generally, 
they are doing the work which they did 
'way back East," until it was cut short 
by the "foreign element.' " 

"To cope with the steadily increasing, 
bigoted, and prejudiced Easterners, the 
Knighfs of Columbus have an enormous 
work to do. -^' ^ * The Knights of 
Columbus have attained a standing 
which bids fair to make our Eastern visi- 
tors tremble." ^ * * "Let us hope 
the day will come when the vigorous 
East, with its teeming Catholic popula- 
tion, will so sustain the West, and con- 
verge their lines until their hands meet 
in a clasp that will signalize the control 
of this country for the faith of Colum- 
bus and for the faith of the Mission 

It would be a sad day when this land 
of freedom came under the "control" 
of narrow bigots like him. He may 
thank the freedom and tolerance of the 
East which he hates, that a lawyer so 
hotly anti-American is allowed to prac- 
tice in American courts. He is an an- 
achronism, who, \yhile, by the almanac 
he is misplaced in an advanced civiliza- 
tion, by all logical and natural relations 
belongs in the times and the empire of 
Philip Second. Let us be thankful that, 
as yet, he and his Knights of Mediaeval 
darkness, have not succeeded in setting 
back ten centuries the clock of time. 


The recent campaign of the Presby- 
terian EvangeHstic Committee in this city 
is said to have resulted in many conver- 
sions. Is this revival to be followed by 
a Masonic revival ? The Humboldt Park 
Presbyterian Church, after the close of 
the gospel services, had a public meeting 
in which music was a prominent part. 
The speaker was advertised toi give an 
address on the "Traditions of Masonry." 
Little, however, was said upon that sub- 
ject; most of his address consisting of 
pleasing platitudes on the benefits of Ma- 
sonry. Austin, a suburb of Chicago, was 
greatly stirred by the union meetings 
held under the auspices of two Methodist 
evangelists from Canada, who, it is said, 
took occasion to exalt the lodge. The let- 
ter of President Blanchard, in this num- 
ber, contains another such incident in a 
Congregational Church. What is true of 
Chicago, however, is more or less true of 
every city. We believe that a portion of 
everyone's contribution to the Home 
Missionary field should be expended in 
every community oi our country. The 
Presbyterian Church referred to above is 
in the neighborhood of the home of our 
director, W. B. Rose, and we wish to 
commend his course of addressing a let- 
ter to the pastor of the church and a list 
of quotations from Masonic authorities. 
We believe you will be pleased to read 
his letter and the extracts used, and 
hence have obtained permission to pub- 
lish them. 


43 Nebraska Avenue, 
Chicago, 111., Mav i6, 1904. 
Rev. C. A. Wilson, Humboldt Park Pres- 
byterian Church, Chicago, 111. : 
Dear Brother — Having received a cir- 
cular announcing an address on "The 
Traditions of Masoiiry," to be given at 
your church this evening, I beg to submit 
for your consideration a few extracts 
from Masonic authorities, which show 
something of the character of Masonry 
as a religious institution. 

A thoughtful perusal of these extracts 
by one acquainted with Christian doc- 
trine, as I know vou to be, cannot fail to 

disclose the fact that the teachings of this 
much lauded institution are wholly un- 
christian and subversive of the purpose 
of God in the atonement made through 
his Son for the salvation of a lost race. 
Yours fraternally, W. B. Rose. 


To Show the Incompatibility of Masonry 
with Christianitj'. 

Masonry claims to be: 

_Webb's Monitor, page 286: "The 

meeting of a Masonic lodge is strictly a 
religious ceremony." 

Same, page 233 : "The master of the 
lodge is its priest and the director of its 
religious ceremonies. A meeting of a 
Masonic lodge is a religious ceremony ; 
. . . and Masonry is, in many fea- 
tures, a religious, as well as a moral, in- 

Mackey's Lexicon of Freemasonry, 
page 67, says: "Free Masons are breth- 
ren, not only by common participation 
of the human nature, but as professing 
the same faith." 

Same, page 369 : "All the ceremonies 
of our order are prefaced and terminated 
with prayer, because Masonry is a relig- 
ious institution." 

It claims to be : 

meeting all the w^ants of the soul. 

Drew's Monitor, page 127: 'We now 
(as a Master Mason) find man complete- 
in morality and intelligence, with the stay 
of religion added, to insure him protec- 
tion of Deity and guard him against ever 
going astray. These three degrees thus 
form a perfect and harmonious whole. 
Nor can we conceive that anything can 
be suggested more, which the soul of 
man requires." 


Mackey's Lexicon of Freemasonry, 
page 205 : "The Master Mason repre- 
sents a man saved from the grave of in- 
iquity, and raised to the faith of salva- 
tion." Same, page 16: "Acacian — a 
term derived from akakia ("innocence"), 
and signifying a Mason, who, by living; 



June, 1904. 

in strict obedience to the obligations and 
precepts of the fraternity, is free from 

\^'ORLD TO COME. Salem Town, 
page 79 : 'Tn the fifth degree he discov- 
ers his election to, and glorified station 
in, the kingdom of his Father." Same, 
page 81 : 'Then he beholds, in the 
eighth degree, that all the heavenly so- 
journers will be admitted within the veil 
of God's presence, where they will be- 
come kings and priests before the throne 
of his glory forever and ever." 

The same, in speaking of the induce- 
ments to practice Freemasonry, says, on 
page 188: 'They are found in that eter- 
nal weight of glory, that crown of joy 
and rejoicing laid up for the faithful in 
a future world." 

Digest of Masonic Law, page 206: 'To 
require that a candidate profess a belief 
in the Divine authenticity of the Bible, or 
a state of future rewards and punish- 
ments, is a serious innovation in the very 
body of Masonry." 

Webb's Monitor, page 16: "A few 
private lodges append to the application a 
pledge to the effect that the appli- 
cant believes the Holy Scriptures to be of 
Divine import, etc. All this is irregular 
and unmasonic." 

Chase's Digest of Masonic Law, page 
208 : "Masonry has nothing whatever 
to do with the Bible. It is not founded 
on the Bible; if it was, it would not be 
Masonry; it would be something else. 
. . . Solomon, to whom it was traced, 
never heard of the New Testament. He 
was not a Christian. We must, there- 
fore, either blot out the memory of Sol- 
omon, and of the other Grand Masters, 
or we must not insist upon a belief in the 
authenticity of either the Old or New 

Grand Lodge of Illinois says : "A Ma- 
son must believe in God ; but in what 
form he shall believe, Masonry has noth- 
ing to do." 

Judicial decision. Grand Lodge, 1869: 
''Disbelief in the Divinity of Jesus Christ 
cioes not in any sense affect Masonic 


by omitting the name of Jesus when it oc- 
curs in passages which it quotes. 

1 Peter II, 5. 


Page 75. "Ye also, as lively 

"Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a 

stones, are built up spiritual house, a 

a spiritual bouse, a holy priesthood, to 

holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual 

offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable 

sacrifices acceptable to God bv Jesus 

to God." Christ" 
Matthew XXI, 42. 

WEBB, Page 77. "biBLE 

"Did you never "Jesus saith unto 

read in the Scrip- them, Did ve never 

tures. The stone read in the Scrip- 

which the builders tures. The stone 

rejected is become which the builders 

the head of the cor- rejected is become," 

ner?" etc. 

2 Thessalonians III, 6. 

WEBB, Page 122. BIBLE. 

"Now we com- "Now we com- 
mand you, brethren, mand you, brethren, 
that ye withdraw in he name of our 
yourselves from ev- Lord Jesus Christ, 
ery brother that that ye withdraw 
walketh disorderly, yourselves from ev- 
and not after the ery brother that 
tradition ye have walketh disorderly," 
received from us." etc. 

2 Thessalonians III, 12. 

WEBB, Page 122. BIBLE. 

''Now them that "We command and 

are such we com- exhort by our Lord 

mand and exhort, Jesus Christ, that 

that with quietness with quietness they 

they work," etc. work," etc. 

The name of Jesus is not found in Ma- 
sonic Rituals. 

8. OMITS JESUS' NAME from ail 
prayers. Webb, page 287: "Prayer in a 
Masonic lodge should be of a general 
character, containing nothing offensive to 
any class of conscientious hearers." 

Judicial decision, Grand Lodge of 
Pennsylvania : "To offer prayer in the 
name of Christ, is contrary to the univer- 
salitv of Masonry." 

If these quotations are correct, can one 
conceive it possible for an intelligent per- 
son to be a Christian and an adhering 
Mason at the same time? It should be 
kept in mind that Jesus said : "He that 
is not with me is against me." 

If no stream of blessing has gone forth 
from your life, look into your heart. 
Possibly the fountain is dry; 

June, 1904. 



In the address of Rev. W. S. Post 
printed in the April Cynosure, is a quo- 
tation from a personal letter of a lodge 
member who says : "It is well known 
many if not all of the writers (of Cyno- 
sure and Boston literature) are black- 
balled men, — that is, men who have tried 
to get in and could not, or, if once mem- 
bers were expelled." 

By whom is this well known? It 
ought to be by the writers themselves 
and possibly by their publishers. We 
are surprised .by such a statement, — or 
at least about as near to .being surpris- 
ed as we can be where lodge statements 
are concerned. To begin at the nearest 
point, the writer of the Cynosure who 
is writing at this moment, has had a 
good deal to do wdth the written matter 
in question without having been black- 
balled. Seceders' testimonies would be 
impossible to blackballed candidates, for 
•such cannot secede. President Blanch- 
ard writes for the Cynosure, but 
the idea of his having been in range of 
a blackball is laughable. Secretary Stod- 
dard and W. B. Stoddard are both 
among the writers, and it would be easy 
to go on with names which would make 
the statement of the letter look — if not 
absurd, at least improbable. But very 
likely the writer of the letter thought it 
was true, — at least he may have thought 
so. What conceivable absurdity is there 
that some Mason has not believed. A 
student of secret orders is liable to en- 
counter queer problems in psycholog}\ 
Let this informant of ]\Ir. Post be 
brought to book, and asked for the 
names of writers of anti-secret litera- 
ture who have been blackballed. It is 
true that some have seceded. 

To One Sex Oryrauizations. 

The news that Mrs. Eddy is opposed to 
the Scientists joining organizations where 
one sex alone may be eligible to member- 
ship, has caused a stir in the societies of 
that character. 

What effect this will have on women's 
clubs in this state, on the suffrage associa- 
tions and similar bodies is problematical. 

Miss Alice Blackwell said, in answer to 
an inquiry: "I have not yet read the mes- 
sage from Concord, and in lack of such 

authority I should hesitate very much to 
believe that Mrs. Eddy was so much lack- 
ing in tact as to order the women of her 
church to leave such organizations as the 
women's clubs of this state, the W. C. T. U., 
the King's Daughters, or similar societies. 
And I should very much doubt, if such an 
order were issued, it were obeyed." 

Mrs. Mary Ward said: "I do not believe 
that such an order would be construed as 
applying to women's clubs. Many of the 
clubs have men on the membership rolls. A 
great many have gentlemen's nights, when 
men are guests." 

The members of the secret orders in which 
membership is confined to men seemed to 
believe that they would feel few effects of 
Mrs. Eddy's order. 

H. E. Hagan, S. T., Knights of Columbus, 
said: "Mrs. Eddy does not weigh much. 
She can run her little flock to suit herself 
and we will not interfere. I can't think of 
anything she could do to cause us any un- 
easiness. We pay no more attention to her 
than if she never happened." 

H. A. Boynton, G. S., Royal Arcanum, 
said: "It is an abominable ruling. It may 
affect some of the fraternal societies, but 
probably not to any great extent, that is 
in numbers. We have an official high in our 
order who leans strongly to Mrs. Eddy's 
teaching, and if her order is imperative it 
might come to pass that this man would 
have to leave our organization. I suppose 
she has a right to her ideas, however, and if 
she rules one way her flock will have to sub- 
mit in order to be in her good graces." 

W. M. Clarke, grand commander. Knights 
of Malta, said: "I dispute Mrs. Eddy's 
authority to attempt to regulate the fraternal 
societies, but not her own sect. To my mind 
her view is very foolish, but I do not say 
that because I have no respect for Christian 
Science. I do approve of the co-operation of 
women in all good work, but I cannot say 
that I would approve of taking women into 
our organization and giving them the rights 
and ceremonies." 

F. H. Wyman, Gt. Jr. Sag.. Independent 
Order of Red Men, said: "I do not believe 
in a combination such as Mrs. Eddy sug- 
gests. There are a number of reasons which 
appeal to every lodge man why such a thing 
would be impracticable. I am always in 
favor of ladies' auxiliaries to any organiza- 
tion, but that is all." 

The New Bj-Laws. 

Concord, X. H.. May 13. — The current is- 
sue of the Christian Science Journal con- 
tains the following item under the heading. 
"New By-Laws": 

Art. XXVI.: (Church organizations am- 
ple) sec. 14. Members of the mother church 
shall not be made members of clubs or or- 
ganizations, the Free Masons excepted, 
which exclude either sex or are not named 
in the manual of the mother church. God 


June, 1904. 

separates the tares and wheat to garner the 
latter in his storehouse. 

It is understood that the change in the 
by-laws is prompted by a desire to prevent 
as far as possible the threatened encroach- 
ment of club and lodge popularity upon the 
home life of the people. 
—Boston Advertiser, May 14. 

flaking an exception of the Masonic 
Order is the more striking because the 
moral objection and rehgious dissatisfac- 
tion within -that order is so frequent and 
intense. It is an ordinary thing for the 
best element in its membership to quietly 
withdraw^, wdiile some renounce and re- 
pudiate membership. To select this as 
especially favored by what calls itself a 
church, is therefore more striking. 


Portland. Me., March, 1902. 

"I am a member of several secret orders. 
They are each doing a great and good work, 
but there is none that can fill the bill of the 
Golden Cross. It is a sw^eepstake, so to 
speak, because it has so many noble and 
beautiful features. It has been near my 
heart ever since I joined, twelve years ago. 
I have filled out fortj^-six applications for 
my own corn'ry, Phillips, No. 402, and 
worked up and instituted fourteen com'ries, 
and in the last two months filled out 
sixty applications, and Dr. A. A. Downs, 
of Fairfield, examined fifty-six, tlie most of 
which were approved, ai7d landed into the 
anchor of the Golden Cross. The secret of 
my success in a great measure is due to the 
help of the Golden Cross Journal. Every 
member should take the paper. The secret 
of success in my business is advertising and 
work. I enclose two dollars, for the Journal. 
Why do not the new com'ries appear in 
the directory. 

"Geo. L. Lakin. D. G. C. 

"P. S. — Wife and I celebrate our tenth 
anniversary of marriage at the hall, 
March 19." 
— Golden Cross Journal. 

We hope that none v^hom he has 
'landed into the anchor" will be dumped 
overboard like our unfortunate acquaint- 
ance, once pastor in one of the best 
known cities in the country, whose story 
we told on page 179, in the October 
number, under the heading "Late Disap- 
pointment." Please note that our story 
relates to an occurrence in 1903, while 
the above letter appeared in 1902. 

time became connected with the United 
Order of the Golden Cross. His age be- 
ginning to count by larger figures, he has 
been inclined to hold on to his certificate 
for what it might happen to prove worth. 
He lately received notice that after the 
August payment at the usual rate of 
three dollars and thirty-three cents, the 
monthly rate would be twelve dollars. 
This would make $144 a year, which ex- 
pense dues of $4 would bring up to $148. 

At first he thought he would keep the 
insurance through August, but after- 
ward changed his mind and let it all go. 

Ordinary insurance is easier to carry, 
costing less as time goes on, but this 
fraternal golden fallacy suddenly rises 
370 per cent when its patron reaches 
three score and ten. Such a method of 
weeding out older patrons before they 
draw on the United Order of the Golden 
Cross by death claims, calls to mind 
Bryan's oratorical declaration, "You. 
shall not crucify mankind upon a cross- 
of gold." 

—Christian Cynosure, Oct., 1903. 


Union Sued for $15,000. 

Alleging he was attacked by a business 
agent of the International Brotherhood of 
Electrical Workers, Lewis Jones, a mem- 
ber of the union yesterday filed suit for 
$15,000 in the Circuit Court against the 
organization. He declares he was work- 
ing in the postoffice building when the 
assault was made. The business agent of 
the union, whose name the plaintiff says 
he does not know, demanded to see his 

working card. 

Late Disappointment. 

An acquaintance of ours who now un- 
derstands insurance well, at some earlier 

'T have forgotten it," Jones says he re- 
plied, "but I am a member of the union." 

''You're nothing of the kind and yoit 
cannot work here," the agent is said to 
have answered. 'The only thing for you 
is to get out, and you cannot come back 
until you have joined." 

The union representative insisted, 
Jones alleges, that he prove his member- 
ship or leave the work. On the plaintiff 
failing to do this he says he was assaulted 
and, in the fight, one ear was nearly sev- 
ered from his head, permanently impair- 
ing his hearing. 

— Chicago Tribune, May 14. 

June, 1904. 



By Rev. A. C. Dixon, D. D., Boston. 

"A tale-bearer revealeth secrets, but lie that is 
of a faithful spirit concealeth the matter." — Prov- 
erbs xi:13. 

"Neither do men light a caudle and put it under 
-a bushel, but on a candlestick, and it giveth light 
to all that are in the house. Thus let your light 
shine before men, that thej' may see your good 
works, and glorify your Father which is in heav- 
en."— Matthew v:15-16. 

Our first text gives the basis for a se- 
cret society, the purpose of which would 
be to suppress scandal-mongering and 
gossiping. Some young women in 
Brooklyn organized such a society. It 
did not last long, but it did some good 
while it lasted. There are other kinds 
of secrecy which the Bible commands: 
''When thou doest alms, let not thy left 
hand know what thy right hand doeth, 
that thine alms may be in secret ; and th}^ 
Father, which seeth in secret himself, 
shall rew^ard thee openly." Sounding the 
trumpet in praise of one's own gifts is not 

We are also commanded to pray in se- 
cret, and the Father, who heareth in se- 
cret, will reward us openly. We may 
also fast in secret. Jesus declared that 
our fastinp- should not be for men, but 

for God. We are not to disfigure our 
faces, as the hypocrites do, that they may 
be seen of men, but we are to deny our- 
selves of those things which God disap- 

The Psalmist tells us that the secret 
of the Lord is with them that fear Him. 
Christians have secrets which they could 
not tell to others if they would, for only 
those with spiritual discernment can un- 
derstand them. There is a ''secret place 
of the Most High" in which we are in- 
vited to dwell. And yet if we should try 
to organize a society for secret giving, 
praying or fasting, we would make these 
things public by the very act of organiza- 
tion. The word "secret" here is used in 
the sense of private. The giving, praying 
and fasting is to be a transaction between 
the individual and God, but he is not 
commanded to deny the fact that he 
gives, prays or fasts. 

The home is a private place, but not 
secret in the sense that what goes on in 
the home must be of such a nature that 
you feel constrained to deny its exist- 
ence. A home may have great privacy 
without secrecy. Neither husband, wife 
or child is sworn not to divulge what is 
said or done within the sacred home 

A secret society is an organization that 
not only holds private meetings, but 
swears its members not to divulge any- 
thing that is revealed to them. And 
without designating any special society, I 
am constrained to say: 

( 1 ) Any society which keeps from the 
world that which would bless mankind if 
it were revealed is not a good institution. 
Christ said, "Ye are the light of the 
world," and it is the nature of light to 
reveal. Every Christian is a lamp on 
the lamp-stand, giving out light into his 
sphere of influence. He must not put his 
lamp under a bushel of secrecy. If he 
knows truth which has done him £?ood, 
he is under pressing obligation to pass 
that truth on to others. He has no right 
to place it under lock and key or to sell 
it to the ' highest bidder. If he knows 
things which the world would be holier 
and happier for knowing, he must, if he 
would do his duty, proclaim it so far as 
possible to all mankind. 

(2) The society that displaces and op- 



June, 1904. 

poses the church of Jesus Christ is not 
to be commended. A gentleman some 
time ago asked me to preach a sermon 
under the auspices of a secret society 
which he represented. I learned from 
him that twenty-five years ago he was a 
member of a Christian church, but now 
he had nothing but criticism for the 
church. He insisted that secret societies 
were doing the work of the church, and 
doing it better. I attempted to impress 
upon him the fact that he was trying to 
use the Ruggles Street Church as an 
advertising pole for the society, which, 
according to his ow^n claim, displaced 
and opposed the church. He was asking 
for the privelege of stabbing us in our 
own home. Jesus Christ said : ''Upon 
this rock I will build my church, and the 
gates of hell shall not prevail against it." 
And the church of Christ is the most im- 
portant organization in this world. Jesus 
built it himself, and He means that it 
shall stand. The individual or the socie- 
ty that opposes and would displace the 
church of Jesus is doing the work of the 

Another friend in Boston informed me 
that she belonged to seven secret socie- 
ties, while her husband was a member of 
nine. They were not wealthy, though 
helping to support, between them, sixteen 
secret societies. She would not even ad- 
mit that the church occupied a place of 
equal importance with these secret socie- 
ties. She quoted from an orator who 
said that the church was not needed be- 
cause the society was doing its work. 
Now, I am sure that there are members 
of secret societies who believe in the 
church of Christ, but they need to watch 
the trend of things and protest against 
any sentiment which would displace the 
church of the Living God. 

The society that places itself before the 
church is an evil. I have known church 
members who, when there was a conflict 
between the meeting of the lodge and of 
the church, always went to the lodge. 
They believed in the church, but they 
gave the society the preference. This 
sort of thing is honeycombing the church' 
of Jesus. 

(3) The society that administers mur- 
derous or disloyal oaths is an evil institu- 
tion. I have read that certain secret so- 

cieties swear their members to stand by 
each other in everything, ''murder and 
treason excepted," and in one degree they 
are sworn to protect each other, "murder 
and treason not excepted." If that is 
true, such a society is a menace to gov- 
ernment and to the community. Its oath 
conflicts with the oath of the court, and 
makes it impossible to administer justice. 
I have also read the oath of a secret so- 
ciety which swears its members not to 
divulge its secrets on pain of having the 
offender's tongue torn out by the roots 
and his body buried in the sands of the 
sea at low-water mark. Another society 
makes its members swear that, if they 
divulge its secrets, they will submit to the 
penalty of having their breasts torn open^ 
their hearts plucked out and exposed to- 
be devoured by vultures of the air. Now, 
if these oaths are serious things, some 
one must execute the penalty. Some one 
must cut the heart out and expose the 
body, as the oath requires, and that is a 
savage; proceeding which the civilization, 
much less the Christianity, of this day 
will not tolera'te. If, as some claim, the 
oaths are meaningless and the penalties 
are never to be executed, then the taking 
of such an oath is a blasphemous pro- 
ceeding. Whether the oaths are to be 
executed or not, such swearing is anti- 
Christian and immoral. 

(4) The society that sends men to 
heaven just because they are members 
of it, regardless of character, is a power 
for evil in this world- I learn that some 
secret societies teach that every one of 
their members will go to heaven. Their 
funeral services certainly assert this. I 
remember that, when a boy, a secret so- 
ciety, including about one-half the men 
in my native village, was presided over 
by the most notorious drunkard in the 
community ; and when a funeral occurred 
he read the prayers and went through the 
ceremonies in a most pious sort of way. 
My boyish impression was that such a 
society must be evil in its influence, and 
for it to make the impression that bad 
men who died in its membership would 
go straight to the heavenly lodge could 
do only harm. 

(5) The society that claims to be a 
philanthropic institution, when it really 
receives more from dues than it expends 

June, 1904. 


on charity, deceives the pubHc. So far as 
I have been able to gather statistics, all 
secret societies receive more from initia- 
tion fees and regular dues than they ex- 
pend in philanthropic work. It is all 
right for them to do this as a matter of 
insurance, but it should not be claimed as 
charity. The church of Jesus Christ 
helps its members, whether they are able 
to contribute or not, but the secret so- 
ciety expects that its members pay into 
its treasury all that is to be expended 
upon them. We have no objection to 
this as a business arrangement, but we 
do contend that a society of this kind has 
no right to label itself charitable. 

(6^ The society that has coarse and 
brutal methods of initiation should not 
be encouraged. More than one man has 
been killed while being initiated into a 
secret order, and, if half that we hear is 
true, men submit to shameful indignities 
% while being initiated into certain secret 
societies. Such coarseness and brutality 
do not tend to elevate the moral tone of 
a community. Indeed, I can see nothing 
but debasement as the result, 

(7) The society that gives limitations 
to the Ten Commandments is not of God. 
Is it true that certain secret orders swear 
their members not to steal from or com- 
mit adultery with the members of their 
order or those related to them? This 
implies that such sins may be committed 
outside the circle of the secret society ; 
such an implication does not tend to good 

(8) That society is bad which indulges 
in things under cover of secrecy which 
the members are ashamed to bring into 
the light. While in Brooklyn I joined a 
mutual insurance society which I did not 
know was a secret order, and after an 
initiation which was more elaborate and 
nonsensical than instructive, I learned 
that entertainments were being held 
which a Christian man could not con- 
scientiously attend. Among the first 
things I received was an invitation to a 
progressive euchre party which was held 
for the benefit of the order. Then came 
an invitation to what they were pleased to 
call a "stag party," and I learned that it 
was nothing more or less than a vaude- 
ville entertainment. Women in undress 
danced and sang for the delectation of 

husbands who had left their wives at 
home. I felt compelled to withdraw, that 
I might not be associated with such 

(9) The society, secret or public, which 
expels Jesus Christ, no Christian can af- 
ford to join. I learn that in some secret 
orders Christ is excluded from certain 
degrees in order that Jews and infidels 
may become members. **Be not unequal- 
ly yoked together with unbelievers." It 
seems to me that .this is a flat denial of 
our Lord. ''We would see Jesus" is the 
desire of every Christian, and we should 
keep out of any organization that refuses 
to entertain him in all of its departments. 

Every secret society that has a worthy 
purpose would be more useful without 
the feature of secrecy. Truth and virtue 
need no secrecy, while the evils which 
secrecy engenders are numerous. Let the 
members of every secret society resolve 
to begin an agitation for the elimination 
of the feature of secrecy, make it private 
but not secret. Begin with the secret 
oaths. If the society is worthy it will live 
on its own merits and be more useful 
through the publicity of its good fea- 
tures. And if it is so worthless or evit 
that it can be sustained only by the bond 
of horrible secret oaths, for the sake of its 
members and the world about them let it 
be dissolved. Jesus said, ''Every one that 
doeth evil hateth the light, neither cometh 
to the light, lest his deeds should be re- 
proved. But he that doeth truth cometh 
to the light, that his deeds be may mani- 
fest that they are wrought in God." 


Since the Order of Knights of Pythias was 
first established in Ohio in 1869 the suspen- 
sions of members, principally for non-pay- 
ment of dues, aggregates somewhere in the 
neighborhood of 50,000. This is a matter of 
serious import. Of course, a large number 
of these were afterwards reinstated, which 
would reduce the number of members lost 
considerably. And yet the loss from this 
cause will probably reach 30,000. 
— The Knight. 

This appears to indicate either that the 
dues cannot well be kept up or else that 
to many inside paying the dues ceases to 
seem worth while. 

With all thy getting get character. 



June. 1904. 

Betti0 of ®ur Pori 

Brownlee, Neb., April 13, 1904. 
Dear Cynosure: 

During the past year I have labored in 
]\lichigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Indiana, 
Iowa, Kansas and Nebraska, and also in 
Ontario, Canada. Everywhere I have 
upheld the testimony against the lodge 
and its twin brother, the saloon, and also 
against the parents of both — a Christless 
state and an apostate church. I have 
everywhere been received kindly, heard 
patiently, and nowhere has opposition 
been raised, even when my audiences 
were largely lodge and saloon men. 
Yours sincerely, 

(Rev.) J. R. Wylie. 


T\^hat for Ohio? Berne and Huntington, Ind 
—The Annual Meeting, Chicagro -Labors in 
Wisconsin— Shall a Convention Be Held at 
Sagina\v, Michigan? 

Milwaukee, Wis., May 18, 1904. 
Dear Cynosure : — Coming through 
Ohio and Indiana I visited many friends 
and gave some lectures. Stopping at 
Zanesville, White Cottage, Glenford, 
Columbus, Cedarville, Xenia, Dayton 
and Cincinnati, Ohio, I met some w^ith 
whom I have labored in other years, 
and found several new friends. Tt seems 
too bad that Ohio missed having a con- 
vention last year. Shall we not hold a 
rousing meeting at some desirable point 
this year? There are many calls for 
lectures in Ohio. Friends in Indiana 
are moving. I had splendid meetings 
at Berne and Huntington ; at the former 
place I spoke three times in the large 
Mennonite Church. It was estimated 
that one thousand were present at each 
of the Sabbath services. It seemed as 
if the people here did not know any bet- 
ter than to be good, and attend church. 
There are no theaters, and the saloons 
have been recently closed. So where 
could the people go but to church ? V/hat 
a grand thing it would be if all the 
towns were like this ! One would look 
long and far to find a more thrifty, hap- 
py, progressive people than are found 
at Berne. 

That they know a good thing when 
they see it was evident from the way 
they subscribed for the Cynosure. In 
the little time I was permitted to stop, 
forty-seven new subscriptions were ob- 
tained. I rejoiced to note that the failli- 
ful seed-sowing of Bro. Sprunger and 
his associates has been very fruitful. 
Under the guidance of their new pastor, 
J. W. Kliewer, much will be expected. 
I believe Bro. K. is an humble, efficient 
worker whose life will count for much. 
Bro. Allebach, editor of 'The Mennon- 
ite," and many others, helped me much 
on my way. God bless them all. 

At Huntington Bro. C. A. Mumm.ert, 
pastor of the Radical United Brethren 
Church, met me at the train. He had 
meetings arranged and I was permitted 
to address the students and others a: 
Central College in a lecture, and at morn- 
ing chapel. Here I found a growing in- 
stitution having over one hundred bright, 
consecrated, young ladies and gentlemen 
preparing for, the great work of life. I 
always delight to speak to such. Friends 
may be sure in sending their children to 
this college they will be under the best 
oi influences and have no temptations to 
unite with any secret society. 

Our annual meeting Avas as ever a 
source of blessing. I am here cheere 1 
and stirred to press on in the conflict. I 
was glad to participate in the services 
as arranged by the General Secretary. 

For a little I have been at work in 
Wisconsin. Two addresses were given 
in the United Presbyterian Church near 
Sussex. The pastor. Rev. J. E. Heeter, 
gave a most cordial welcome and as cor- 
dial an invitation to return. Cynosure 
subscriptions were given, and a collec- 
tion indicative of the appreciation of our 
effort. The seed sowing of other years 
was very manifest in the fruit at this 
place. Yesterday I was with the students 
of the Wisconsin German Lutheran 
Synod at Wauwatosa for two hours. The 
Seminary here gives such instruction to 
Its ministry that pastors are prepared to 
maintain their testimony against this evil. 
Following my address several questions 
were asked. The pastors here are rencu'- 
ing as we expected for the Cynosure. 
One prominent German pastor whom I 
urged much last year before he would 

June, li>04. 


subscribe for our Magazine said, when 
I inquired if he found time to look over 
the Cynosure: "Oh, yes, I read it all 
through, and keep it in my parlor so 
others can see and read it." I have no- 
ticed many times that those, who consid- 
er carefully before acting, continue the 
best. We hope to visit friends in Ra- 
cine to-day and then cross the lake into 

Shall we have a mid-summer conven- 
tion in Michigan as last year? Shall it 
be at Saginaw or where? Let us keep 
moving for our enemy is always aggres- 

W. B. Stoddard. 


Dear Friends— It is a pleasure to once 
more address you. Since my last let- 
ter our annual meeting has been held in 
Chicago. It seemed good to the friends 
there assembled to request me once more 
to serve as your leader for the year, and 
I have consented to do so. Let me re- 
mind you, however, that a leader is of 
value in proportion as men follow. A 
captain is of service only as he can bring 
his company into action. Generals do 
not fight battles alone. They plan them 
and if they are confident and devoted are 
factors in victories which are gained, but 
beside them there must be all other parts 
of the army, and each part is of import- 
ance in its place. Privates, non-com- 
missioned officers, commissioned officers, 
scouts and spies ; all are necessary if 
campaigns are to be prosecuted, battles 
are to be fought. I hope during the year 
to hear much more frequently from you 
than during the past. I want to know 
how things are going in your towns ; how 
the Association can help you to make 
them go as you see they ought, so I in- 
vite the kindly co-operation of every per- 
son to whom this writing shall come. 
"All at it and always at it" was the Wes- 
leyan motto, and no better one has been 
devised for the human side of any move- 
ment whatsoever. . • 

This is not saying we are independ- 
ent of God. "Except the Lord keep the 
city the watchman waketh in vain. Ex- 
cept the Lord build the city they labor 
in vain that build it." But God has 
never promised to do our work. He 
never will. Let it be reverently said, he 
cannot. Our work is ours: If God do 
it, it would be His doing and our task 
would still be neglected. It would 
stand against us in the judgment. If you 
have read my letters during the past year, 
you have had some proofs that God is 
ready to work with us. In your own ex- 
periences, I feel sure you must have had 
many more. So be brave and strong and 
active. Rem-ember how Jesus said, "My 
Father worketh hitherto and I work." 
We call ourselves by His name, let us 
follow Him. 

We w^ere very sad in our national 
meeting to learn that one of our min- 
isters in Chicago had recently bowed the 
knee to Baal in a very sad and shame- 
ful fashion. He procured, or permitted, 
a celebration of the Knights Templar in 
a church set apart to the worship of Al- 
mighty God. The people were crowded 
out of their places that a large company 
of men with cocked hats and feathers, 
uniforms and swords, who occupied the 
central portion of the house. Profess- 
ing to be a Christian minister, he glori- 
fied the secret society which, once or 
twice a year, likes to take possession of 
Christian churches and have Christian 
ministers advertise and recommend it to 
the young men of their congregations. 
What this order desired he did. He told 
the people that he was a Knight Templar, 
and it is even reported that he said that 
Jesus Christ was a chief member of the 
order. These blasphemies were uttered 
in Chicago, in a Christian church, in our 
time. Of course the members of the 
commanderies were highly pleased. 
When thev next o-et too-ether in their 



June. 11>04. 

secret rooms and give young men wine 
to drink out of human skulls and swear 
them to fidelity to the order under pen- 
alty of having their heads cut off, they 
^vill feel kindly to this preacher, but he 
has a terrible account to give when he 
stands before the Savior whose name and 
church and AA'ord he profaned. 

It is not a pleasant thing to write this 
of any brother. I do not write it in an- 
g-er but in sorrow. I write it for the 
Avarning of others. We are on the w ay 
to judgment and a curse is pronounced 
upon men who "call evil good." In the 
very first degree of Free ^Masonry, this 
brother was sworn under the penalty of 
having his throat cut across, and his 
tongue torn out. In the second degree, 
he was sworn under penalty of having 
his heart and vitals taken out. In the 
third degree, he was sworn under pen- 
alty of having his bod}- severed in two 
and his bowels burned to ashes in the 
-center. In the seventh degree, he was 
sworn under penalty of having the top 
of his skull smitten off and his brains 
exposed to the scorching rays of the 
noonday sun. 

In the Knights Templar degree which 
"he was glorifying, he drank wine from 
a human skull and invoked a double 
damnation on his soul if he did not prove 
true to that Lodge. AMien he ,o-lorified 
Free Masonry to that congregation, he 
invited every young man present to take 
those same penalties upon his soul. If 
men are of this w^orld children of Satan, 
children of wrath, we cannot criticise 
them so sharply for going into such or- 
ganizations, but Christian men and above 
all Christian ministers have no right, for 
the sake of popularity, or money, or anv- 
thing else, thus to dishonor themselves 
and the church of Jesus Christ. We arc 
glad to say that the church where this 
insult to Christian faith was enacted was 
not pleased and we trust that such an 

offence against the consciences of God's 
people will never again be committed in 
our city. Lodgism is a rival and en.n"'.\- 
of the Christian church. It is so in 
theory, it is so in practice. There is no 
excuse for making the church a bulletin 
board for an organization which is seek- 
ing to destroy it. The servant of Christ 
must not strive but be gentle. At the 
same time he must contend earnestlv for 

is not Christian nor just that a handful 
of secret soceity men in a church should 
control for lodge purposes, property 
which is bought and paid for not by 
lodge men, but by Christians. We are 
very glad that a protest has been register- 
ed against the profanation of this partic- 
ular church. Wq hope that it will be 
eft'ective and that the good men and wo- 
men who are in this organization miay 
not again be hustled out of their seats on 
the Lord's day in order that profane and 
godless men may pretend to worship. 
The Knights Templar conclaves in Chi- 
cago and other cities show what sort of 
an organization the Knights Templars is. 
W^agon loads of wine and whisky 
bottles and herds of men in the uniforms 
of Knight Templarism rushing into dis- 
reputable resorts ! This we have seen 
with our own eyes. Such organizations 
are not properly honored in the church of 

I have often spoken of the possibilities 
which lie within the reach of all to share 
in God's work. An illustration of this 
has just come under my observation. 
A lady of whom I do not remember to 
have heard until now was stirred up to 
do something against the ' idolatries of 
our day. 

She gathered papers which she had 
read and had them printed under the 
title, *'A Conspiracy Against God." In 
the booklet there is an open letter from 
Bro. Husted s^ivingf his reasons for leav- 

June. 19«>4. 




ing the Masonic L«:»dge. Next is print- 
-ed the remarkable experience of Bro. 
Stephen Merrin, of Xew York. 

Then are found a number of testimo- 
nies and after that a paper from Mrs. 
^ull, of Wisconsin, on her reasons for 
leaving the Rebekah Lodge. Bro. George 
R. Clarke" s renunciation comes next. 
Then is found information about the Xa- 
tional Christian Association and one oi 
Tny addresses. 

She wishes to have these bc^jklets 
^dely used and will send them to friends 
and will do so at a small price. Her ad- 
dress is: Mrs. A. D. Floyd. Holland, 

\"\'e are now entering on the simimcr 
■season of another year. Like other pans 
of the year, the summer has its peculiar 
opportimities for doing good. One of 
the great advantages which it affords u- 
is the open air meetings. In 1870. abort 
three o'clock in the afternoon of the <izy 
following my graduation from college I 
ifvas standing on a dr}" goods box on a 
street comer in the city of Belvidere. te.^- 
tif\-ing against Freemasonry. A whole 
generation has passed since that time. 
Yet I found within a year or so a gen- 
tleman prominent in public affairs in our 
State, who stood on the street and lis- 
tend to those addresses more than thirty 
vears ago. He has never been connected 
with a secret societ}-. He is not now, 
though his position would make it ex- 
tremely probable that he would be con- 
nected with a mmiber of them. We have 
letters at times from friends who wish to 
know what to do in their vicinit\-. \\'hy 
not begin in these warm, pleasant days 
which are coming? ^leetings can be 
gathered almost an>*Avhere. They will 
number from a few tens or scores to hun- 
dreds and the Word of God may be 
:given out. testimony against evil may be 
borne, and God will bless it. Tracts may 
be distributed in such gatherings with- 

out great expense to an\- one. and the 
lesser will lead on to the greater. Let 
us not be slothful, but diligent in busi- 
ness, fer^-ent in ser^-ing the Lord. 
In the work of Jesus. 

Fraternally yours. 
Charles A. Blanchard. 



The venerable John Palmer died sud- 
denly Thursday. April 14. 1904. He had 
been a familiar figure here in Washing- 
ton. Iowa, since 1856. when he came from. 
Ohio. He was born March 22. 1815. in 
Count}' Armaugh, Ireland, but landed on 
our shores in 1824. and grew up in 
\\'ashington Coimt}", Pennsylvania, mov- 
ir_' ther.ce to Carroll Count}-, Ohio, and 
rr.irr ::_: Rachel Rankin Latta Aug. 2^. 
1S44. They came to \\'ashington in 1856, 
and soon went on the 80 east of town. 
His wife died in 1899. ^^e had borne 
him eight children and all but one is 
living. The old man was strung with 
heroic moral nber. and would have gone 
resolutely to the stake for his convic- 
tions. He was a stalwart abolitionist, and 
helped slaves escape, helped organize the 
Free Soil part}-, was a teetotaler and 
signed the pledge at his majorit}", and 
stuck to it ever since. He took great in- 
terest in the development of western agri- 
culture, was a promoter of fairs, always 
exhibiting stock, and he had a passion 
for the improvement of live stock. He 
was a tower of strength in the church, 
and in all moral and sc»cial reforms. He 
had such a fear and horror of intemper- 
ance that he leaped into the prohibition 
movement, and once allowed that party to 
nominate him for State Senator, though 
he knew he was leading a forlorn hope. 
He was a long-time subscriber of The 
Christian C}nosure. and staunch friend 
of the anti- secrecy cause. A rugged 
moral nature, as of granite, but any wand 
of s}-mpathy might smite it. and soft, 
sweet waters would gush forth — a rock 
full of lovely springs. 



June, 1904. 

Irom @ur Jlatl, 

yir. George E. Bockoven, of Louis- 
iana, writes: "If I was able would pay 
for and distribute one hundred copies of 
^Modern Secret Societies." Notwith- 
standing this brother's many duties and 
larg'e burdens, he succeeds in doing much 
in the way of distributing our literature 
among his friends and neighbors. 

IMillville, Kings County, N. S., Canada. 
January 25, 1904. 
I prize the Cynosure very highly, and 
that God may bless the reformers, and 
add to their numbers speedily, is my 
prayer. ]\Iy heart is pained for the good 
Christians in the so-called secret lodge, 
for everyone who understands its prin- 
ciples, hates it, but there are many who 
do not understand. Dear Bi other, may 
you and all the reformers have a double 
portion of the spirit of Jesus. The "fath- 
er of lies" thinks he is doing well when 
he gets a minister of the Gospel into the 
lodge, but God will upset ali his plans 
in His own time and way. Praise his 
Holy Name! 

A Friend. 


(One of the ministers of the Gospel who recently 
started for Jerusalem, before leaving, published a 
poem, from which I quote the first eight stanzas. — 
John T. Michael.) 

"How often I have wished to go 

Across the ocean wide. 
To Palestine, dear Holy Land, 

Where Jesus lived and died. 

"I long to visit Bethlehem, 
The place that gave Him birth; 

And stand in old Jerusalem — 
Proud city of the earth. 

"I long to visit Nazareth, 

Among the northern hills. 
Where Jesus spent His boyhood days, 

'Mid rocks and flowing rills. 

"I long to sail upon the lake. 

On grand old Galilee, 
Where Jesus called the fisherman, 

'Leave all and follow Me.' 

"I long to see Gethsemane, 
Where Christ in anguish knelt. 

And prayed for strength to bear the load 
Which He so keenly felt. 

"I long to stand on Calvary, 

Where Jesus bled and died, 
And know that I am saved by grace, 

Through Christ the crucified. 

"I long to stand at Joseph's tomb, 

And see the empty grave, 
And feel that now the risen Christ 

Has power to heal and save. 

"I long to stand on Olivet, 

Where Christ went back to Heaven, 
And think how soon He'll come again, 

His promise He has given." 

To this minister I sent the following; 
letter : 

Vineland, N. J., March 7, 1904. 
My Dear Brother : 

I enjoyed your poem in Saturday's pa- 
per. The reading of it and the remem- 
brance that I have seen your name men- 
tioned in connection with Masonic gath- 
erings' and in a list of members of a Ma- 
sonic lodge brought to my mind the. fol- 
lowing lines. I would spare you at this 
time, but I dare not ; for it may be that 
in these verses the 
speak to you. How 
to you I do not say. 

To the Masonic Minister About to Sail for 

I long to go to lodge once more 

Before I cross the sea, 
To stand upon the square and say,. 

"Farewell; 'so mote it be.' " 

I'll enter that unholy place 

Where Jesus is not known. 
And where they have an antichrist 

As God upon the throne. 

I'll leave my Savior at the door — 

He cannot enter there; 
I must not speak His name aloud 

When called to offer prayer. 

I'll take my part in secret arts 

That cannot stand the light; 
Without I'll praise them in my jests — 

Within they're black as night. 

I'll teach a way of saving souls 

The Bible never knew; 
I'll urge the hoodwinked candidate 

To press his passage through. 

And while I act this pagan farce 

Holy Spirit would 

far they may apply 

The Lord is your 

June. 1904. 



To me the Lord will say: 
"'No man can come to God except 
By Me. I am the way." 

Though conscience tells me 'tis a fraud — 

A wretched, Christless scene, 
I'll leave my name upon the roll, 

And start for Palestine. 

May the Lord give you a prosperous 
journey, and bring you back filled with 
the truth which lived and wrought eight- 
een hundred years ago in the Holy Land. 
\'ery truly yours, 

John T. ^Michael. 

Itom §\it ^uUntB. 


A Lesson for Catholics Who Join Non-Cath- 
olic Societies. 

About a month ago I had to offici- 
ate at the funeral of a faithful Catholic, 
^who was a member of the Woodmen oj 
the World, says Father Von der Donckt 
in the Catholic Sentinel. On the previ- 
ous day one of my parishioners, also a 
W'oodman, came to inquire what official 
part the aforesaid lodge would be per- 
mitted to take at the burial. I said : 
"''None, except assisting in a body at the 
church service and marching to the 
grave." ''All right, Father," quoth my 
friend, as he took his leave. . 

To my astonishment, and. I confess, 
somewhat to my vexation, at nine o'clock 
p. m. of the same day, two delegates of 
said society presented themselves to me 
with the same query I had answered that 

Still, I reiterated my statement, set- 
ting forth the grounds which constrain- 
ed me as the official representative of 
the church to exclude from my service 
all outside intervention. 
* * * 

The next day as the long procession 
was moving toward the cemetery, I 
readily perceived upon seeing my obsti- 
nate caller of the past night carrying a 
book, apparently a ritual, what the 
AVoodmen seemed determined to do. 
My forebodings were confirmed by the 
question which the undertaker, a nomi- 
nal Catholic, sprang upon me as he en- 

tered the buggy in which I had over- 
taken the head of the cortege. 

"Which service," he interrogated, 
"will be held first at the grave?" 

"There's to be but one service," I re- 
plied. "I forbid any rites besides my 
own. Should they attempt to defy me, I 
will protest !" 

^ ^ ;|c 

Fifteen minutes later we stood in the 
middle of God 5 acre. The Woodmen 
circled the tomb, the leader with book 
in hand, and a number of others — a 
prominent lawyer among them — holding 

Before blessing the grave and saying 
the last prayers, I walked over to the 
head of the lodge, and said quietly : 
"When I am through, it must be all 

'"Twill be. as far as you are. concern- 
ed," replied the stubborn officer, whose 
acquaintance I had made the night be- 

I resumed calmly, deprecating a con- 
flict. "So far," I said, "there never was 
any trouble between this society and the 
church. If you defy me. Catholics may 
be prohibited to join your ranks." 

"Go on," said some member. 

"I cannot until I am assured that you 
will desist." 

"Let them have it this time. Father." 
interposed the Cathohc assistant under- 

"I cannot," was my answer. 

At last the Woodmen officers gave 
me their word that they would forego 
their ceremonies. 

When I was through with the prayers 
of the ritual, the members all waited in 
suspense, till the chaplain cried out : 
''Neighbors, there will be no \\'oodmen 

Turning pale with anger, some lodge 
men declared in a low voice that thev 
would never attend a Catholic funeral 

It appears that the widow, on being 
interviewed by representatives of this 
society, had expressed the desire of hav- 
ing their ceremonies at her husband's 

Set up by God Himself for the pur- 



June, 1904. 

for office defeated General Andrew 
Jackson, a Free Mason, in his contro- 
Tersy with Secretary Stone, a Free Ma- 
son, connected Free Masonry with nine 
of the highest crimes known to the civil 
law, beginning with the abduction and 
ending with the murder of William Mor- 
gan, of Batavia, Western New York. 
The murder of Morgan created the great- 
est political excitement that ever occurred 
in the United States up to that early pe- 

*'Over 50,000 Free Masons abandoned 
their lodges and disbanded, the most of 
the State Legislatures passing laws for- 
bidding the forming of oath-bound se- 
cret orders, some of which have never 
been repealed and are on the Statute 
l>ooks to-day. 

"The late Thomas Moore, the West- 
moreland County distiller, who adhered 
to the lodge in 1873, boasted to the writer 
that he had belonged to the lodge when 
they did not dare to make public their 
meeting places. He said ?>lorgan in- 
curred the penalty of violating his Ma- 
sonic oath. The late Col. Elder, of Brin- 
ton Station, said to the writer that he 
belonged when their mec'ing places 
Avere a secret. He also said tnat Morgan 
bad incurred the penalty of violating his 
Masonic obligations. 

''And yet in view of these Vv'ell authen- 
ticated facts of history, President Roose- 
velt is either ignorant of the facts or in 
litter disregard of the truth of history 
■commends a system of this kind to the 
young men of the United States. The 
American people have the right to expect 
a higher order of intelligence and moix 
sacred regard for the truth of history in 
the President than that." 
— Christian Instructor. 

A Far-seeing man. 

When he reached home he drew a roll 
of bills from his pocket and tossed it over 
to his wife. 

"Better go shopping," he said. "Get 
some of those things that we thought we 
couldn't afford." 

"Where did you get the money?" she 

"I drew it from the savings bank," he 

replied. "There's no use trying to save 
anything now." 

"Why not?" she inquired. 

"Pve joined the union," he explained. 

"Joined the union !" she cried. 

"Yes ; had to do it, so we'll have to 
spend this money in a hurry, if we don't 
want to get the worst of it." 

"Why?" she persisted. 

"Oh, Fll be on strikes of one kind or 
another most of the time now," he said, 
"and when Pm not striking Pll be paying 
strike benefits. The money is bound to 
go, and I want to be in a position to get 
as much out of the union as anyone. If I 
have money in the bank there will be no 
strike benefit for me when Pm ordered 
to quit work. 'You don't need it,' they'll 
say, 'for you've got money. We can only 
afford to make payments to those who 
haven't any.' You see, there's a penalty 
put on thrift and a premium on shiftless- 
ness. The man who saves has to pay 
himself for time lost at the order of the 
union, and the man who doesn't save gets 
the help. In a year from now our money 
will be gone anyhow, so we might as well 
spend it while we can get some personal 
advantage out of it, and then come in on 
even terms with the others for the strike 
benefits. It's the fellow who hasn't any- 
thing and never expects to have anything 
who gets the advantage. Take the mon- 
ey, Maggie, before it gets beyond reach. 
You helped save it, and the union will 
only help us spend it, if you don't do it 
— ^Chicago Evening Post. 

Question — Does the Free Methodist 
Discipline forbid joining "The Grange?" 

Ans. — If the Grange requires an oath 
of secrecy, it does. We recently heard 
the devoted wife of a farmer say, "But 
for the fact that the Granges so often 
conclude their sessions with a dance, I 
should like to belong." We need to 
carefully examine these various institu- 
tions and as a rule we will find them to . 
be out of harmony with th.e teachings of 
the word of God, and hence a good place 
to remain away from. 
— The Free Methodist. 

The call of the century is for conse- 
crated consciences and • Christianized 

|y|odern g ecret S ocieties 


PrcBldent Wheaton College, President National 
-Christian Association, ex-Presldent Sabbath Asso- 
-cUtlon of Illinois, etc. 

A brief treatise for busy people and •pecially 
Intended for ministers and teachers. 

Part I.— Clearing Away the Brush. Part 11.— 
Freemasonry, Next to the Jesuits, the Most Pow- 
erful of Secret Orders. Part III.— Related and 
Bubsldlary Lodges. Part IV.— Concluding Chap- 

PART I.— Clearing Away the Brush. 

Chapter I.— Reason for Discussing tne Subject 
and for the Present Publication, 

Chapter II. — Why Make Freemasonry so Promi- 

Chapter III.— Is It Possible to Know What Se- 
cret Societies Are Without Uniting with Them? 

Chapter IV.— If Evil, Why Do So Many Good Men 
Unite with Them? 

Chapter V.— Do Not Their Charities Prove Them 
to Be Helpful to Men? 

Chapter VI.— If the Church Would Do Her Duty 
Would There Be need for Lodges? 

Chapter VII. — Review of Topics Treated in 
Fart I. 

f*ART II. — Freemasonry; the Keystone of the 

Chapter I.— Freemasonry or Modem Idolatry. 

Chapter II.— The Ceremonies of the Lodge, or 
How is a Man Made a Mason. 

Chapter III.— Masonic Obligations, or the Lodge 
and Civil Government. 

Chapter IV.— Freemasonry and Woman, or the 
Lodge and the Home. 

Chapter V.— Higher Degrees. 

Chapter VI.— The Higher Degrees Continued. 

Chapter VII.— Review of Part 11. 

PART III.— Related and Subsidiary Organizations. 
Chapter I.— Oddfellowshlp. 
Chapter II.— The Temperance Lodges. 
Chapter III.— Insurance Lodges. 
Chapter IV. — Industrial Orders. 
Chapter V.— Patriotic lodges. 
Chapter VI.— College Fraternities. 
Chapter VII.— Review of Part III. 

PART IV.— Concluding Chapters. 

Chapter I.— The obligations of Secret Societies 
Net Masonic. 

Chapter II.— The Testimonies of Seceders. 

Chapter III.— The Opinions of Great and Good 

Chapter IV.— What do Lodge Burials Teach? 

Chapter V.— Is the Struggle Against Lodgism i 
BopelesB? ! 

Chapter VI.— Does Testimony Against Lodgism 
Xajpre Churches? 

Chapter VII.— The Duty of the Hour. 

300 pages; cloth, 75 cents; leather, $1.00. 

aai West Medison St.. Cblc4go. 

Sermon on Hasonry. i6 page^, 
jc. By Rev. W. P. McNary, pastor 
United Presbyterian church. 

Thirteen Reasons why a Chris- 
tian should not be a Freemason. 

By Rev. Robert Armstrong. i6 pages, 

In the Coils; 


The Secret Lodge Conflict. 



Fourth Edition. Cloth Bound. 300 Pages. 
Sixe 5x7^. Sent Postpaid for $1.10. 

This is not so much a work of fiction as an 
historical narrative. 

When the first edition was published the 
Editor of the Cynosure said of it : 

"A charming work, fit to be classed with "Uncle 
Tom's Cabin." It Is Indeed less a work of fiction. 
The whole group of actors and the principal events 
of the story are llrlng realities, drawn to the life; 
and the teachings of our great statesmen are to 
woven into the woof of the tale, that the volame it 
fts valuable for a book of reference as It is Agree- 
able, truthful, and useful." 

The sudden death of the author placed new and 
heavy burdens upon the widow, who has the sym- 
pathy of the readers of the Cynosure, and we trust 
will hare a large patronage for this book. 

Send orders to the 






336 Pages. 
Cloth, 5x7^, Postpaid, : One Dollar 

There is nothing so Interesting to the human 
heart as human experience; and this volume, set- 
ting forth scenes in the life of Rev. Sherlock Bris- 
tol, presents a wider range of experience in many 
lines of thought and action, and a greater variety 
of adventures than are often found concentrated In 
a single human life. The book contains much that 
is amusing and Inspiring.— Rev. J. H. Falrchlld, 
D. D., President of Oberlln College. 

Rev. Sherlock Bristol now lives In Los Angeles, 
Cal. The Editor of the Cynosure began the perusal 
of "The Pioneer Preacher" as a duty, which soon 
changed Into keenest pleasure. The price Is $1, 
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until he had read it through. Address 

231 West Madison St. - Chicago, Ills. 

standard Works 


SeQfRt Societies 



aai West Madison Street. CbicsffO. 111. 


The accuracy of these expositions attested by 

Freemasonry Illustrated. First 
three degrees. 376 pages cloth, 75c; 
paper^ 40c. 
The accuracy 

.ffidavits of Jacob O. Doesburg and others. 

Freemasonry Illustrated. 640 

pages, cloth, $1.00: paper, 75c. 

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Knight Templaris!/! Illustrated. 

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3ie Council and Commandery. 

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2 vols. Pervol., c]'^> , $1.00; paper, 65c. 

The complete illustrated ritual of the entiro 
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from 3rd to 33rd inclusive. The first three de 
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Illustrated." Vol. I comprises the degrees from 
3rd to i8th inclusive. 

Voi. II comprises the degrees from 19th to 33rd 
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words irom I** to S3m tf^ee inrluswa 

Je^EXPLANATORY : Freemasonry Illustrated 
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The complete revised ritual of the Lodge En- 
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This ritual corresponds exactly with the " Charge 
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Revised Rebekah Ritual (Illus- 

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cover 25c. each, $2.00 per dozen. 
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The authorized ritual of 1868, with signs of re- 
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An exact copy of the new official Ritual Adopted 
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This is an exceedingly interesting, clear discus- 
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The Complete Illustrated Ritual of the Im- 
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Are Secret Societies a Blessing? 

A pamphlet of 20 pages. 5c. 

An address by Rev. B. Carradine, D. D., pastof 
of the Centenary M. E. church, St. Louis, Mo. 
Jan. 4, 1891. W, McCoy writes: "That sermon 
ought to be in the hands of every preacher in this 
land, and every citizen's, too." 



MaBagtng Editor 

221 West Madison Street, Cfaicagb 


PRICE— Per year, in advance, $1.00; three months, am 
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DISCONTINUANCES— We find that a larjra number of 
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ensuing year 

Folly, Expense and Danger 


Secret Societies. 

of Wheaton College. 

They may be rudely classified as religious; 
e. g., the Jesuits, Freemasonry, Oddfellow- 
ship, the Knights of Pythias, etc. : political, as 
the Know-nothings, Knights of the Golden 
Circle, the Order of American Deputies, the 
Kuklux-Klan, the White League, etc. : indus- 
trial: as the^ unions of carpenters, bricklayers, 
conductor?, engineers, etc.: insurance; as the 
Royal Arcanum, the Modern Woodmen, the 
Order of the Iron Hall, the Ancient Order of 
United Mechanics, etc.: and the social; as the 
college fraternities. Postpaid 5 cents each. 

This Order is the auxiliary branch of the 
Modern Woodmen of America, to which the 
latter and women relatives dre eligible. 

221 West Madison St., Chicago, III. 

Council of the Orient. Poeket 

size, full roan, flap, $2;50. , ^ ^ 
The Complete Staudi^rd Ritual of Council 
Masonic Degrees in Cypner, 8th to loth inclusive, 
Giving the Degrees of Koyai Master, select Mas- 
-ei and^uper Excellent Master 

Royal Neighbors of America 

Ritual and Installation Work 

Price, postpaid, 10 cts. 


Report on Secret Societies of Reformed 

Presbyterian Ohureb .65- 

lioyal Templars Must Pay 66 

Must Pay Their Assessments 67 

Sues Insurance Company 67 

Mardi or Pay 67 

Not Really Intended. . .67 

High School Lodges — ^President C. A. 

Blancbard .... .6$ 

Some Pe;i.'s6ual Experiences — Rev. Samuel 

H. Swartz . 7U 

The Alpha Upsilon Society — The Story .... 74 

To Abolish Fraternities, r .80 

In a Coffin.......... .81 

Pears for Democracy 81 

Fraternal Societies in High Schools. . . . . .81 

End High School -Fi-ats" 81 

Man of Nerve and Sense^ — ^Professor Ira 

I. Commack 82 

Two Kinds of Teachers — Brown vs„ 

Campbell" . 83 

A Blow at Labor Unions— Supreme Court 

Decision ...... t .83- 

Rev. R.' W. Miller^Porti-ait .84 

Secret Societies Not Allowed 84 

Rev. George Bent — Portrait 85 

When His Ayife Struck. ' 85 

Grand Army Victory .86 

Value of Home Instruction .86 

•The Champion 'Miner*' 87 

Incongruities 87 

More Disappointments .87 

Michigan State Convention. 88 

President's Letter 88 

Stoddard in Michigan 90 

Seceder's Testimony — 

Will J. Case — From Freemasonry 91 

Jacob Snyder — Prom a Labor Lodge. . . .92 

Could Government Stop Lodges 92 

Eagles at White House. .... .92 

The Filiphios" Lodge Mania. . . 93 

Korean Boxer Society 93 

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\i^«c# tPiRr^l*^* Master ^xjd B^v^l Arch 

Sermon on Secret Societies. 5c. 


By Rev. Daniel Dow, Woodstoclc, Conn. The 
special object of his sermon is to show the right 
and duty of Christians to examine jnto the char- 
acter of secret societies, no matter what object 
such sbcieties profess to have. - - 

'Jesus answered him, — I spake opedy to the world; and in secret have I said nothing." John 18:20. 








221 West Madison St,, Chicag-o 

Entered at the Post Office, ChicagD. 111., as second- 
slaM matter. 

Rev. J. P. Stoddard and wife can be 
addressed for some weeks to come at 
■"'Cottage Wheaton," East Northfield, 

The many friends of Mr. J. M. Hitcli- 
cock, long and favorably known as direc- 
tor of this Association, will sympathize 
deeply with him in the affliction that has 
come to him in the serious illness of his 
onlv son. 

Secretary W. B. Stoddard met with a 
painful accident while working up the 
■convention in Michigan. He fell, striking 
upon the edge of some hard substance 
with such force that he was rendered un- 
conscious. Happily no bones were broken, 
and he will probably be fully recovered 
bv the time this reaches our readers. 

Rev. Samuel H. Swartz attended the 
Synod of the Christian Reformed Church 
in Holland, Mich., on June 2ist. We 
hop€ to have a report from Brother 
Swartz in the following number. There 
are no people more heartily in accord 
with the work of the National Christian 
Association than are members of this 
Synod. Our readers will recall the short 
sketch of one of our directors. Rev. E. 
Breen, as given in the last Cynosure. He 
has since been elected president of this 
Synod, to which Brother Swartz goes as 
a fraternal delegate. 

Charles A. Lagville, of New York City, 
is doing important work in the distribu- 
tion of literature at missions and among 
Christian people, after his hours of labor 
for the day are over. Could we not have 
volunteer agents like Brother Lagville all 
over this land? How many will join 
him? Let us have a published list. All 
can pray for such, and some can assist 
bv contributions to the tract fund. 

The last number of the Cynosure was 
a specially valuable one to hand to Bap- 
tist readers. Rev. A. C. Dixon, whose 
sermon was given in that number, is 
known wherever the Baptist denomina- 
tion is known. The thought in the mind 
of the editor is How many subscribers 
to the Cynosure took advantage of this 
opportunity? "He that watches for provi- 
dences will find providences to watch." 


(From the Christian Nation.) 

The seventy-fifth annual session of the 
Synod of the Reformed Presbyterian 
church in North iVmerica convened in the 
Reformed Presbyterian Church, Sparta, 
111., Rev. D. S. Paris, pastor, Wednes- 
day, May 25th, 1904. 

The first business of the afternoon was 
the Report on Secret Societies by the 
Rev. A. J. McFarland. Jr., and is as fol- 
lows : 

Your Committee on Secret Soeieties would 
respectfully report. Two elements in the 
very nature of sinful man — selfishness and 
false worship — account in larue measure for 
the many and mighty associations of men 
and women which come under the head of 
secret societies. The right and duty of the 
church to contend against either or both of 
these evils in the individual is unquestioned. 
She is morally bound to wage unceasing, un- 
relenting, uncompromising war against these 
and any other of the elements whicti are 
found in the depraved nature of man. It 
would be strange reasoning, then, which 



July. myi. 

Ts-ould deny to tlie church the right to carry 
this war against the strongholds in which 
these evils are intrenched by means of or- 
ganization and secrecy. Ordinarily, little 
heed would be given to those who would 
counsel vigilance in prosecuting individual 
offenses, but laxity in dealing with the same 
offenses when committed by a powerful or- 
ganization. Only a moral coward would 
either give or take such counsel. If the 
church has a right to fight sin at all, she 
has the special right to fight sin in its 
strongest positions. The secret society is 
one of the strongest positions of sin in the 
two forms mentioned, selfishness and false 
worship. Selfishness is a. fundamental fea- 
ture of all secret societies. The desire to 
gain an advantage over their fellows which 
they do not deserve and which they cannot 
hope to gain in a legitimate way invariably 
enters strongly into the motives which 
prompt men to unite in such organizations. 
Some seek only social advancement regard- 
ing the secret order as a door into exclusive 
social circles for which there is no other door 
of entrance for them. Others are moved 
by the desire for political preferment. Many 
seek in tlie lodge advantages over competitors 
in business, the aid of the society's influence 
in getting employment and holding the po- 
sition, or in getting and holding patronage 
when in business for themselves. But these 
are fast becoming advantages of doubtful 
worth. The increasing number and mem- 
bership of such societies reduces the value 
of the advantages to be gained by connec- 
tion with them, since favors which must 
be divided among a rapidly increasing num- 
ber must experience a con-esponding rapid 
contraction in the share which will fall to 
each. So this promise of the secret society 
is becoming more and more like all the 
devil's promises, an empty one, and were it 
not that men so delight to believe a lie this 
grip of secrecy upon men would soon 

This is true also of the false worship found 
in many secret societies as one of their chief 
attractions. It attracts only 'because men so 
generally prefer to believe a lie, prefer the 
false to the true. The desire to worship is 
implanted in man by the Creator, and is 
well-nigh irresistible. But in the carnal 
mind there has been implanted by the devil 
such an aversion to true worship as no mere 
man can overc-ome. This accounts in great 
measure for the popularity of false religions. 
And this explains in part the popularity of 
many of the secret orders. They furnish 
a kind of gratification to the universal de- 
sire to worship, and 'yet do not possess that 
which is objectionable to the carnal mind, 
with its aversion to the true and pure, but 
despised and rejected worship of God in 
Christ Jesus, 

With such organizations the church of 
Christ has nothing in common, or ought to 
have nothing in common. The principle of 
toleration has no application here. The 
church is bound by her very constitution to 

be as intolerant of the lodge, with its self- 
ishness and false worship, as of these same 
evils in the false religion of a heathen land. 
The principle that applies here is the prin- 
ciple of separation — "Come out from them 
and be ye separate." 

There are some associations which are not 
distinctively secret which closelj'' resemble 
the secret society in other respects and come 
under the same condemnafion. Some labor 
unions and some employers" associations 
which have been multiplying so rapidly re- 
cently are in this class. A Christian would 
be as much out of place in some of these as 
in some of the secret orders. It ought to be 
understood that our condemnation of the sins 
of the secret order does not imply any indif- 
ference to the same sins in associations not 

In our antagonism to certain forms of the 
labor union we need to be careful to make 
it plain that we are not antagonizing work- 
ingmeu as a class, not taking part with the 
employers who oppose the unions on purely 
selfish grounds, nor taking the side of the 
capitalist in the great conflict th^t is on 
between capital and labor. Laboring men as 
a class are estranged from the church to-day, 
and in many instances because they believe 
in favor qt the employer. It might be well 
to have a standing committee on capital and 
labor which would deal impartially with the 
sins of both and indicate each year the posi- 
tion the church should take in reference to 

We recommend: 

1. That the position of the church requir- 
ing separation from all oath and pledge-bound 
secret associations be reaffirmed. 

2. That the work of the National Christian 
Association be approved and encouraged. 

3. That our members be warned against 
entangling affiliations with all organizations 
having the evils of the secret society, but 
without its badge of secrecy. 

A. J. McFarland. 
G. A. Edgar, 
W. J. Sanderson, 
J. E. Carithers, 
J. R. Dill, 



A jury in Judge Wolcott's court has 
brought in a verdict of $961.62 in favor 
of Florence Benedict, in her suit against 
the Supreme Council of the Royal Tem- 
plars. The suit was instituted for the 
purpose of collecting insurance upon the 
hfe of Mrs. Benedict's deceased hus- 
band. . The defense claimed that Benedict 
made an incorrect statement of his health, 
and that he was really sick .when he se- 
cured the insurance. 

July, 1904. 




More Troubles for Members of Defunct Life 

Lansing. June 10. — Twenty-three local 
members of the defunct Masonic Mutual Life 
Association of Grand Rapids have been sued 
in the justice court by Receiver Taft for as- 
sessments averaging about $50 each. 

Soon after the failure of the association, 
several years ago, many of the members set- 
tled with the receiver, ibut some of them 
clubbed together .and took the case through 
the courts. The Supreme Court sustained 
the validity of the assessment, and it is prob- 
able that most of the present defendants will 
pay without further litigatio." 
— Saginaw (Mich.) Evening News. 


Mrs. Ellen J. Littlewood, who lives at 
i6 Prince street, Muskegon, Mich., has 
filed a bill of complaint against the Grand 
Lodge of the Ancient Order United 
Workmen. The suit is brought in the 
Circuit Court at Grand Haven, where 
the record keeper of the Lodge resides. 
She sues to recover $2,000 of insurance 
the amount her husband, Benjamin Lit- 
tlewood, carried in the order at the time 
of his death. 

Littlewood drowned August 28, 1901, 
in Muskegon Lake. He fell off the 
schooner Indian Bill, which was lying 
at a wharf near what is now the Racine 
Boat Company's plant. 

It is contended by the Lodge that the 
June assessment on the policy had not 
been paid and the record keeper's books 
do not show that it had been paid. Mrs. 
Littlewood asserts that the assessment 
was paid and that a signed receipt is in 
the possession of her attorneys. When 
this evidence was introduced the record 
keeper denounced it as a forgery. Sev- 
eral experts, Mrs. Littlewood says, ex- 
amined the writing and pronounced it 
that of the record keeper, but the Lodge 
accepted the word of its officer. 

— Muskegon Clironicle, May 19. 


The Worcester Daily Telegram of 
June 10 said: "If the plans of some of 
the members of St. Jean Baptiste Society 
do not go astray, there will be a warm 
contest at the semi-annual meeting in St. 

Mary's Hall, Maple street, Tuesday 
night, July 5, at 8 o'clock. Many mat- 
ters relating to the future success of the 
society are to be brought up for action. 
The question of attendance at the funeral 
service of a dead brother is considered 
among the most important. According 
to the constitution fifty members of the 
society must escort the body of one who 
dies from the church, after the funeral, to 
the open grave. All of these members 
must also march after the funeral pro- 
cession leaves the church, or they are 
fined, according to the constitution of 
the lodge. Each member who refuses -to 
march when ordered to do so by the offi- 
cials of the society is fined at least 75 
cents, and in many cases $1. 

Many members of the society say that 
the past year it has cost them a large 
sum of money, and taken many hours of 
their time from their work. Whenever 
a member was asked to march at a fun- 
eral and was unable to do so, he w^as 
obliged to pay for a substitute. When- 
ever members have performed their duty 
they say they have lost from three to four 
hours from their work, and as a result 
lost considerable money, which otherwise 
would have been earned." 

The Telegram further states that the 
members are divided over the question 
whether to change the constitution or 
not so as to reduce the number from 50 
to 6, and that before action there would 
be thorough discussion, in which the 
change would be strongly opposed. 


The Knights of Pythias began the 
present year with a membership of 600,- 
000. Their organ. The Knight, com- 
plains that "Many, — and their name is 
legion, — soon forget promises made and 
obligations assumed." The paper itali- 
cises the phrase borrowed from the gos- 
pel, yet we hardly think it meant to be 
understood as implying that recreant 
Knights were demons. A quotation so 
tinged with implication might have been 
blue penciled. The possible implication 
aside, this explication of practical frater- 
nalism is probably applicable to the case 
of manv another order. 



July, 1904. 



What Is the Best Remedy; 


I have observed in the Chicago Trib- 
une, as well as in other city papers, quite 
a full discussion of the secret society 
question as related to high schools. The 
report of the action of the board in ask- 
ing for the investigation, the opinions of 
principals regarding the secret societies 
in high schools, and the rule passed by 
the school management committee, in- 
tended to destroy these organizations are 
all before me. I am glad to see that the 
principals of the high schools are prac- 
tically a unit in the position taken and 
that the board, in its attempt to legislate 
out of existence these organizations, 
seems to have been not at all divided. I 
observe also that the high school boys 
take the position of defiance, declaring 
that they will not give up the organiza- 
tions objected to, but make them more 
secret than they have been hitherto, thus, 
of course, intensifying the evils com- 
plained of. 

It is somewhat of a surprise to me, 
however, that mention in any discussion 
of this subject that I have seen is not 
made of the fact that the evils which re- 
sult from secret societies in high schools 
are not, in every respect, the same as 
those which result from secret organiza- 
tions in colleges or secret societies among 
men in business life. Every thoughtful 
student of the secret society question, I 
think, finds that the evil results com- 
plained of in high schools are not at all 
peculiar to them ; . that the same results 
follow secret society organization every- 
where. It is true that high school stu- 
dents, being younger, the poison may de- 
velop more rapidly, but its effect upon one 
rational being is like its eflfect upon an- 
other, and there is no logical ground on 
which the father who belongs to a se- 
cret society may stand, while he con- 
demns his son, who also feels vain and 
proud of his little fraternity. In other 
words, the difficultv is not a matter of 

age, but it is that secret societies are es- 
sentially evil, and while they ought to be 
prohibited in high schools, they should 
also be put aside everywhere else. 

There lies before me a report from 
Baltimore, made by the Associated Press, 
last November. It tells of the case of 
one Martin Loew, a student in a dental 
department in a university of Maryland. 
He was twenty-four years of age, was 
being initiated into the Phi Psi Chi Fra- 
ternity. He was beaten, sandbagged and 
tossed in blankets. The sandbag used 
was three feet in length, but the men who 
sandbagged him said that he was not 
struck in a way to injure him. They say 
that he was greatly frightened, which is 
not strange under the circumstances, 
since in all these fraternities one of the 
principal things which the lodges try to 
do is to scare the persons who are being 
initiated. Finally he died. 

Mr. Lawrence was initiated into the 
Delta Kappa Epsilon in Chicago Univer- 
sity. Two days afterward he died. 
President Harper said that his initiation 
was not the cause of his death ; I do not 
see how President Harper was to know 
this, but the facts remain that, being 
initiated* two days after he died. Three 
men have been killed by one fraternity 
in Cornell University. Young Rustin of 
Omaha was killed at Yale. Young Gar- 
rison at Harvard was burned six times 
between elbow and shoulder with lighted 
cigars, so that great wounds were made, 
and he went near to death through blood 
poisoning. Broken arms and legs and 
sicknesses which do not produce death 
are not considered worth mentioning. 

In the organizations for men outside 
of schools the same sort of thing is going 
on. A little while ago the Elks of Des 
Moines, Iowa, burn,ed an initiate so that 
he died a short time after. In West Vir- 
ginia the Royal Arch Masons killed a 
man in their initiation. The tackle broke 
as he was being lowered info the pit to 
bring up the Ark. At Geneva, N. Y., a 
man was killed while being initiated into 
the third degree in Masonry. Two men 
have been killed with the "spanker" in 
Woodmen's lodges. A little wliile ago 
an Orange lodge in -Massachusetts was 
sued for damages by a' man who was 
brutally whipped in initiation. 

July, 1904. 



All these facts are of public knowl- 
edge. They are reported in the daily 
press, and yet certain persons say that 
secret societies in high schools are es- 
pecially objectionable. They are objec- 
tionable, but I very much doubt whether 
they have at present any such evil record 
as the secret societies in colleges and in 
general society. If they are continued 
they will no doubt be doing the same 
things, perhaps more of them, and worse, 
for youth is hasty and reckless, but it 
does not seem at present that one has 
much ground for intimating the superior- 
ity of secret societies out of high schools 
to those in them. All that is said re- 
specting the tendency to break down 
school spirit, the members of 
fraternities into little cliques, is, of 
course, necessarily true both in college 
and in society. All that is true respect- 
ing the fraternity houses as centers of 
demoralization, for smoking, drinking 
and other vices, is quite as true of the 
organizations composed of older men as 
of those formed by the younger. Ad- 
mitting everything that is said against 
the high school fraternities to be true, 
and no person who is acquainted with 
the facts, and honest, is likely to dispute 
them, we think it beyond question that 
like objections in every particular may 
be made to the other secret organiza- 

We are, at this moment, having an- 
other illustration of the tendency of se- 
cret societies. Colorado has been in a 
state, of semi-revolution for a year or so. 
Certain secret organizations told free 
American citizens that they must not go 
into that region to work. When their 
orders were not obeyed, they attempted 
in various ways to make it unsafe for 
them to do so. At last, wholesale mur- 
ders were committed until the members 
of society who were not connected with 
the secret organizations simply rose in 
their might and ordered the secret so- 
ciety men out of the country, threaten- 
ing them with death if they remained. 
This is not a pleasant remedy for even a 
dire disease, but it seemed to be the one 
possible way of securing peace and or- 
der in society. 

The same state of things to a greater 
or less extent has been observed in Chi- 

cago during the past year. Gangs of se- 
cret society men have been threatening 
with death or destruction of property 
persons who would not obey the com- 
mands which they issued to them. The 
police force of the city was taxed for 
months to protect law-abiding citizens 
in the use of their own property. 

John Marshall, Chief Justice of the 
United States ; Daniel Webster, the 
great constitutional lawyer, and Wendell 
Phillips, the most distinguished orator 
America has yet produced, unite in the 
opinion that secret societies ought to be 
forbidden by law. Not because they are 
composed of men, young or old, not be- 
cause they have one sort of initiation 
ceremony or another, not because their 
obligations are couched in certain 
phrases, but because they are secret, and 
because a secret society is naturally a 
corrupting thing. 

It would be truly impossible to con- 
vince an intelligent person that a secret 
society is an excellent thing for a man, 
but a very evil thing for a boy. Unless 
the Shriners and the Elks are willing to 
give up their night meetings with their 
ballet dances and their drunken orgies, 
they need not either expect or ask boys 
in high schools, their sons, to give up 
their fraternities, which are no more ob- 
jectionable, perhaps not so much so. 
Unless the business men are willing to 
give up their Masonic, Odd Fellow, 
Knights of Pythias and other secret or- 
ganizations, they need not expect wage 
workers to give up theirs, and as sure 
as w^age workers have secret societies, 
the same sort of thing which is now go- 
ing forward will continue. As sure as 
the older secret organizations continue 
to exist, every now and again some men 
will be slaughtered by them. 

I have often spoken of the influence of 
these organizations on the homes. Every 
one knows that if husbands are to have 
any responsibility for the training of 
their children, to share with their wives 
the care of the home, it must, as a rule, 
be in the evening. During the day the 
average man is at work. Unless he is an 
invalid he ought to be. If. he spends his 
nights in clubs and lodges, his wife and 
children must get on without him. If 
his boys turn out lawless depredators he 



^ July, 1901. 

may thank only himself. Do not all the 
signs of the times, Mr. Editor, call for 
a radical movement on the part of secret 
society men? Multitudes of them are 
worthy citizens, many of them united 
with secret societies with no other motive 
than that of securing a little assistance, 
securing an office and the like. Now that 
such evils result from them, ought' not 
worthy men abandon secret societies? 
They have been coming out by thousands 
every year, but quietly and chiefly by 
allowing their memberships to lapse for 
non-payment of dues. Is it not time for 
them to openly, with a clear statement of 
reasons for so doing, abandon all se- . 
crecy? They could then exhort their 
boys, with some sort of self-respect, to do 
the same, and the result would be in one 
respect certainly a great social advance. 
Not long since a lawyer in Nebraska 
said to a friend of mine, "You are from 
Wheaton, where they are opposed to se- 
cret societies, are you not?" He replied, 
''Yes, we do not think very much of se- 
cret societies there." The lawyer replied, 
"I have belonged to three, but a number 
of years ago I found that they were cost- 
ing a good deal of money, a good deal 
of time and making no healthful returns. 
I squared up my dues in all of them and 
left, and have had nothing to do with them 
since. My business has multiplied sev- 
eral times since I quit them, and recently, 
there being a question about a hall in 
which some dozen or so lodges were in- 
terested, they passed by all the lawyers 
connected with the lodges and asked me 
to attend to the business for them." 

I am satisfied that every man who be- 
longs to a secret society and who reads 
these words and follows the example of 
this Nebraska attorney will have occasion 
to feel as he does concerning the matter. 
Still further, he will aid in removing one 
of the great causes of ruin and wreck 
among men. 

Wheaton College, June i6, 1904. 



Some one has described a friend as 
"the first person who comes m when tht 
whole world has gone out." 

No man has truly conquered where 
he has not sincerely" prayed. 

(Extracts from an address given at Wheaton. 111.) 

I am not here to-night to seek popu- 
larity, because in • the theme that I have 
chosen to present to you to-night and 
the way in which I shall do it I shall 
not gain any popularity, except from 
some of you people here who think like 
I do, led of the Holy Spirit to see things 
plainly — ^but I am here in the face of 
conscious duty. 

For the last twenty years I have very 
definitely heard the command of God to 
go everywhere in this work, and I have 
not dared for a single mo'ment to shirk 
my responsibility, nor fail to do my duty. 
I know very little, if anything, about the 
inside of the Lodge, but I know enough 
to know that it is rotten fruit. 

I had an experience myself when I 
was about twenty-one years of age, I was 
elected supermtendent of our Sunday 
School, in New York City, one of the 
largest Methodist Sabbath schools in the 
city at that time, and was associated with 
a gentleman, a personal friend, who was 
my secretary and treasurer of the school, 
and a very cheerful fellow. It was after 
my mother's death, and I was making my 
home with him, and he was an Odd Fel- 
low, and he began to talk to me about 
joining the Odd Fellows, and I said I 
did not think I would have anything to 
do with it. I want to say I had no op- 
position against it, I had no conviction 
against it, I had lots of friends who were 
Masons and Odd Fellows, and Knights 
of Pythias, and I do not know that I 
had any convictions or any opposition 
to it, and yet I said, I do not think I care 
to go into it. I was pretty well occupied, 
I was superintendent oi the Sabbath 
school and was chorister and I was presi- 
dent of the Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation of the church, and T was pretty 
fully occupied, and pretty full of work. 
I said my hands were about as full as 
they ought to be with my work. I was 
teaching school. I said when I get out 
of school it keeps mie busy getting ready 
for the various things I have to do, and 
I think I have about all I can load my- 
self with. 

July, 1904. 



But he kept at me. I said to my father, 
who had been an Odd Fellow in his early 
manhood, he is now in heaven, there is 
no question about that. I said to him, 
"Fred wants me to join the Odd Fellows, 
what do you think about it?" and in his 
peculiar, off-hand manner, he said, "I 
think you are about as well off out of it 
as in it, I would stay where I was if I 
w^ere you." So I said to my friend, I 
did not care to go in. But he kept up his 
fire until I finally consented to go in, and 
I went into the Lodge. 

The personnel of the Lodge was, from 
its exterior, as you say, unexceptional. 
They were lawyers, bankers and mer- 
chants, very high toned fellows. They 
claimed it 'was THE LODGE of the 
New York jurisdiction. Some of them 
were very talented men, so far as intel- 
lectuality was concerned, and they were 
held up. as an inducement, as the kind 
of men I ought to associate with, and 
get help. After I got into the Lodge 
they fell in love with me. I don't know 
why — I was always pretty good looking, 
perhaps that is the reason. They piled 
their honors on me as fast as they could 
consistently, but as I got a little further 
I began to feel I am in the wrong pew. 
Why ? Because I would hear things here 
and there in a manner that I did not want 
to remember, for if there is anything I 
hate as I do the devil it is an unclean 
tongue and a vile story, and I do not 
want to remember them, and when they 
would collar me and say, 'T have got a 
good thing to tell you," I would say, ''Ex- 
cuse me, I must go yonder." But all the 
time the feeling kept growing on me, 
you are in the wrong pew. 

I had no convictions about the right 
and the wrong. I had been in the Lodge 
perhaps three months, when one of the 
oldest men in it, whose beard was as 
white as Brother Whipple's, and a man 
who stood away up socially, came to me 
and said, at the close of the Lodg-e, 
"Where are you going?" I said, "I am 
going home, where every Christian ought 
to be at this time of night." It was ten 
o'clock, and he said, "Come with me," 
and I said, "That depends on where you 
are going," and he told me, and I said, 
"No, thank you, I am a Httle particular 
about the people I visit." His imatation 

was to a brothel. A week after we were 
going to have an oyster supper at such a 
place, and the place was a place I would 
not have been seen coming out of. 

There were three or four young men 
introduced into the Lodge as clean young 
men as I was, as religious, as good before 
that, but before they had been in that 
Lodge six months they were on the high- 
way to wrong by way of the brothel and 
the dramshop, through the social influ- 
ence of that Lodge. I said in my soul, 
God forgive me for having any connec- 
tion with such a thing. 

My friend would come to my room 
door and say, "Sam, it is Lodge-night." 
I said, "Lodge-night ! I am not going 
any more." And I said, "Fred, when I 
put my hand^ into the hand of the Lord 
Jesus at twelve years of age, I promised 
I would not walk with the children of 
hell, and when you introduced me into 
that Lodge you introduced me into a 
bunch of hell's children. They are rotten 
and corrupt, and I shall stay away. They 
were going to win me back, they paid my 
dues and sent me notice that out of 
compliment to me they had paid my dues, 
and I told them that I very much re- 
gretted their compliments and their wil- 
ful waste of money, for I never had any 
use of it." 

I came to Chicago. I had been out of 
the Lodge for two years, but I had not 
been in Chicago three months before a lot 
of the big Odd Fellows of Chicago were 
on my track, and they were going to 
get me back into the Lodge. They visit- 
ed me, they beseeched me to go in, but 
I said, "Gentlemen I have washed my 
hands of the whole business, and I have 
made up my mind, God's grace helping 
me, to never wear any man's collar, nor 
anybody's badge, nor will I be branded 
by any org-anization. I belong to the 
Lord Jesus Christ, body, soul and spirit, 
and whether that means sink or swim I 
am going that way." That settled that. 
They let me alone. 

I knew it was no place, for a man who 
was working out his salvation with fear 
and trembling, and so I just kept myself 
out of it and away from it. 

Then I came to Naperville as pastor, 
twenty-six years ago, and then I g"ot 
acquainted with dear old Jonathan Blan- 



July, 1904. 

chard, and he commenced to rub it in and 
he rubbed it in with and against the 
g-rain. It was hne upon line and precept 
upon precept, until he got within me a 
hatred of the whole thing, and then got 
me under conviction for service, and he 
said : "It is your business to open your 
mouth and speak out," and I have been 
opening my mouth and speaking out and 
I will never close it until my father takes 
me to heaven. I believe from the bottom 
of my heart that next to the dramshop 
the Secret Lodge is doing the most awful 
ruin among men and women. It is cor- 
rupting them morally, robbing them of 
spiritual life, and it is putting the devil 
where God ought to be, and turning men 
away from righteousness unto unright- 
eousness and leading them blindfolded, 
for they are hoodwinked from the time 
they go into the antechamber, until they 
renounce the whole thing. 

So I am here to-nighr in the sense of 
an imperative duty and they want me to 
talk to you about the Secret Lodge and. 
its relation to the Church and the home. 
It has no relation either to the church 
or the home, only a destructive relation, 
that is all. It is iconoclastic both to the 
church and the home. They talk to me 
sometimes very suavely, very beautifully 
about Freemasonry and the secret empire 
being twin sister to the church. It is not 
more than forty-eight hours since a gen- 
tleman in the town where I live and 
preach told me that the Masonic Order 
and the church ought to draw intO' a 
closer alliance, and they were twin sisters 
in the fighting of evil. They were twin 
sisters in the building up of a clean, 
ennobling manhood, these are the very 
words I am quoting to you, and when he 
got all done I said to him : "Brother, 
where do you think I was born, in the 
Avoods among the .owls? Do you think 
I have lived in a ca,ve all the time with 
my eyes shut and my ears plugged ?" 
"Why, I said, "my dear fellow there are 
not two opposites on the face of God's 
earth that are so diametrically opposed 
one to the other, so absolutely opposite, 
in character and spirit, as the Masonic 
Lodge and the Church of the living 
God." "Why a whole lot of you ministers 
are IMasons." So much the worse for the 
ministers, I said, that is all, for every 

minister that is a Mason is just that much 
less than a minister ought to be. Every 
man who pretends to be a Christian that 
is a Mason, shows himself just that much 
less a Christian than he ought to be. I 
said there is only one way I can think 
of them, and I want to be charitable, and 
that is that they are absolutely ignorant 
of the spirit of the thing, they have taken 
the whole thing like I used to take a dose 
of castor oil when I was a boy. Mother 
would fix it up and she would" take hold 
of my nose and say open your mouth, 
Sam ; I would open my mouth and shut 
my eyes and down would go the oik 
They have swallowed the whole dose 
without stopping for one minute, either to 
smell OT taste it. 

As between the Church and any Secret 
•Ledge on the face of God's earth there 
is no such thing as affiliation, and I am 
offended to the very heart's core when 
I read in the papqr, church papers as well 
as secular papers, of ministers of the gos- 
pel who invite 'from time to time to the 
services of God these orders on their an- 
niversary occasions to preach to them. 
They do not want the gospel ; it is a per- 
fect farce this preaching to those fel- 

When I went to Austin, 111., my pre- 
siding elder, who was a Mason and a 
Knight Templar and I don't knov;^ 
what all, sent me away out to the Missis- 
sippi river and drove me in almost to my 
neck. He would have broken it off if he 
could, and I was there in my little 2x4 
opening, rejoicing th3.t there were some 
sinners I could do good among. But 
my friends said, it is an outrage. They 
said, Swartz has got to gO' to Austin, 
111., to fill that pulpit. One of them 
wrote and said, don't you want to come 
to Austin? And I wrote and said, no, 
I am going to stay here where I am in 
the mud, and by the help of God I will 
save souls. It is just as short a road 
from here to heaven 3,s anywhere, but be- 
fore I knew where I was, I received word 
from the Bishop that I had been trans- 
ferred to Austin, and like a good obedient- 
servant of the church I packed up and 
went to Austin. The first Sunday I was 
, in Austin I was approached by a brother 
and told that the brothers who preceded 
m^ had accepted an invitation to preach 

July. IfXvi. 


to the Knights Templar on Easter morn- 
ing, and said. How do you feel about 
preaching to them? I said I will preach 
the gospel to any lot of fellows that you 
bring here, I don't care who comes. He 
said, *'You do not object to preaching to 
them?" I said no, so they came in re- 
galia and livery, and the fellows marched 
in and took possession of the body of the 
church, and I preached a sermon on the 
doctrine of the resurrection. ^ly good 
wife said, ""Xow be careful what you do 
this morning, don't let that National 
Christian Association come in at all. You 
are a new man here." I said all right, 
I will tell you what }-ou do, you pray for 
me. Just pray for me, and we went to 
church, and I preached a sermon on the 
doctrine of the resurrection. That is 
Avhat they said they wanted, and I gave 
them a purely doctrinal sermon, and it 
went along smoothly, but when I came 
to the end I thought it ought to be ap- 
plied. I would not give a cent for a ser- 
mon that did not have an index finger in 
it, that didn't stick into somebody and 
say }-ou are the fellow ; so at the end of 
the sermon I said. Xow as to the applica- 
tion of this thing, how about it ? It is one 
of the most blessed doctrines that the 
Christian Church holds, and teaches. I 
never contemplate it that it does not fill 
my own soul with gladness, for somehow 
I look up and see my precious, honored 
father and my lovely mother, and my 
precious first born boy, and I see all the 
heroes of truth, whom God has given me 
to love here and the friends who have 
preached and labored with me in the 
Christian fellowship, among the redeem- 
ed, and look for the time when I shall 
be immortalized and stand with them. 
But let us not be too wholesale in taking 
comfort out of this doctrine. No man 
has any right to expect immortality be- 
yond tjie grave who has not a touch of 
immortality here. I said, the Lord 
lesus Christ said. Whosoever believeth 
hath life. I said, that is the present tense, 
hath eternal life ; those who are going to 
enter in through the gates into the golden 
heaven enter into eternal life here. He 
who doth believe hath entered into rest, 
and that rest is real rest — the fruits of 
eternal life in its bud ; not its full blos- 
som ; here we have the bud, \onder we 

shall have the blossom in its full bloom 
of immortality, glory and life eternal. 
But I said, he who lives not following 
the teachings of this Book, and walks 
not in the footsteps of the Lord Jesus 
Christ, he shall have a resurrection, but 
it shall be the resurrection to eternal 

That is all I said, was that not true? 
I said, let us be careful, brethren, whose 
name is on the church book, for that does 
not give a passport to heaven. Your 
membership in the ^L E. Church or any 
other church militant does not give you 
an assurance of eternal life. It is saving 
faith in the Lord Jesus Christ that pro- 
duces obedience in your life that gives 
the passport to the eternal life. And, I 
said, you brethren tied together in this 
fraternity, you may be resting in your 
fraternity for eternal life, but listen to 
me : If you have not saving faith in the 
Lord Jesus Christ and walk not accord- 
ing to his commands, you shall never 
have eternal life. 

The next morning the Inter Ocean and 
the Times and other Chicago papers 
roasted Swartz for all they were worth ; 
he had invited the Knight Templars to 
come to his church and preach to them, 
( he had not done any such thing) and 
had absolutely insulted them, gone out of 
his way to insult them. 

Even before that, the man who so 
pompously invited me to preach to them., 
came at the evening serv'ice and said, 
most of these flowers were to be sent to 
your house (they were very beautiful 
and very expensive) most of these flow- 
ers were to be sent to your house, but 
the order has been countermanded. I said 
I did not care. He said, I want to sav 
to you, Brother Swartz, I never listened 
to a better sermon on the doctrine of the 
resurrection in my life, but, he said, if 
you think IMasons haven't faith in the 
Lord Jesus Christ as well as you have, 
you make a great blunder. I said a whole 
lot of them haven't. Have you ? Before 
I was through with him, I was pastor 
there three years, I came to the conclu- 
sion that he had not. 

A spiritual athlete will count for more 
in the race of life than the hero of the 


July, 1904. 


*'Is this your first teaching?" asked the 
regents' inspector, after school had been 

"Yes. It seemed impudent for a man 
just out of college to take charge of a 
school of twelve teachers, but Mr. Ap- 
pleton thought I was his most available 
candidate. You know Mr. Hutchinson 
w^as drowned the very night he was to 
have started back here to open school, 
and the place had to be filled at once 
from such material as could be had. So 
I slipped in." 

'Things seem to be going well." 

''Oh, yes ; why, I don't believe you 
will find another school like this in the 
State. Mr. Hutchinson was really a 
great teacher, an unusual man every 
way, and I found a spirit of work and 
of co-operation of pupils with the teach- 
ers I never expected to see in a public 

"I should think he would be hard to 

"He would be if you expected to be 
compared with him, but of course in my 
case that was out of the question. He 
was a mature, cultured, broad-minded 
man. I am only a boy just out of school, 
willing to do my best, but aware that 
only an unusual combination of circum- 
stances could have given me a chance as 
a substitute. I told the school so the 
first morning, not that the scholars did 
not know it, but that we might start out 
with a frank understanding." 

''Have you had any trouble with dis- 

"Not to speak of. That has been my 
great surprise. In college, as I looked 
forward to teaching, discipline was what 
seemed most formidable. My scholarship 
is fairly accurate and I am used to hard 
work and fond of getting results, so I 
felt I should get on with my teaching. 
But whether I had the power of control 
I could not tell, and to take charge of 
this great building looked a giant under- 
taking. For three or four weeks I dread- 
ed to approach it, for fear some emer- 
gency would arise with which I could 
not cope." 

"How did you keep your courage up?" 

"By saying to myself, T don't know 

whether I shall succeed, but I am bound 
to deserve to succeed.' " 

" ' 'Tis not in mortals to command suc- 

But we'll do more, Sempronius, we'll 
deserve it.' " 

"Exactly; I had Addison's lines in 
mind, and really they do sustain one in 
a place like this." 

"You say you have had no trouble?" 

"Nothing has come to an issue. Some 
little signs of friction arose, the first two 
or three weeks, but I w^as watchful and 
got the machinery oiled before the grat- 
ing was noticeable. For the last month 
things have run like clockwork." 

"I noticed as school opened this after- 
noon one of the girls came in with her 
hat on. You glanced at her with just a 
hint of a quizzical smile, she knew some- 
thing was wrong, found out what it was, 
took off her hat and blushed to the roots 
of her hair as she smiled back at you. 
I thought that was perfect discipline." 

"Oh, well, take the scholars in my 
room, anybody could get on with them. 
Why, the boys in my senior class are my 
comrades rather than my pupils-. I start- 
ed out unluckily, too." 

"How was that?" 

"I made a mistake in my very first 
Latin ■ recitation. At my preparatory 
school the principal was magnificent in 
Greek, but weak in Latin and useless in 
mathematics. The mathematics came 
easy to me, but the Latin grammar I 
could never quite recover; it was my 
weakest subject in college; I could get 
up what was needed for the day's lesson, 
but always there would be coming some 
revelation of fundamental weakness in 
the niceties. Still I supposed it was 
strong enough for a preparatory class, 
and I was teaching confidently. One of 
the boys was scaniiing, and I corrected 
him. * 

" 'The penult should be long,' I said. 

" 'I think it is short in th-is word, sir ; 
we have been taught so,' he replied, re- 
spectfully, but evidently sure of his 

"Then I remembered that it was one 
of the exceptions, and could see that the 
line scanned quite as smoothly with the 
penult long. 

" 'You are riq-ht,' I said ; T congratu- 

July, 190i. 


late }0u upon having had so accurate a 
teacher as 'Sir. Hutchinson, and him 
upon having such good material to work 
upon. I wish I had had as good a Latin 
teacher when I fitted for college.' 

"The boys looked at one another in 
manifest surprise, but I took care they 
shouldn't catch me again, and in Greek 
I got a great hold on them; more than 
once they have said to me the}- were sor- 
ry to have the bell strike. So I soon re- 
established my reputation for scholar- 
ship, and we have got on famously." 

"A bright-looking lot of boys." 

"\'ery unusual boys, some of them. 
There are six who enter college in the 
fall, three to Yale, two to Harvard, one 
to Princeton, all sons of graduates of 
these colleges. One of them, Arthur 
Hope, is the son of a justice of the Su- 
preme Court, and of his two grandfath- 
ers one was United States senator and 
the other a bishop." 

'T wonder he was not sent to a pri- 
vate school. Such boys can usually fit 
for college more directly at St. Paul's or 
Groton or Lakeside." 

'T think his parents originally intend- 
ed to send him to a private school, and 
they at first had a private tutor for him. 
But his father thought he was growing- 
snobbish, and sent him to the high school 
to take that out of him.'" 

"Was it taken out?" 

"Like a charm ; he told me about it 
himself, laughing as freely as though it 
were about some other fellow. 

" 'When I came to school," he said, T 
thought because I lived in the best house 
in town I deserved consideration. So 
after school was out the first day I sailed 
about the school yard with my chin in 
the air, and when a boy jostled against 
me I said, "I am Arthur Hope.'" Oh. 
are you?"* he repHed. "Well, here is one 
for Arthur and one for Hope," and w^ith 
that he hit me two blows that between 
them knocked me down. I up and lit 
into him, but he knocked me down again, 
and I could see that the boys who had 
gathered in a i4ng were laughing at me. 
I was furious and tried to fight the whole 
lot of them at once. Xaturallv I went 
home pretty well pummelled and com- 
plained to my father. I thought he would 
take me out of school, but instead he 

told me that wa*s just what he sent me 
to school for: that I should find all 
through life, as I found there, that I 
must be judged by what I was, not by 
who 1 was ; by what I did myself, not 
by what my father and grandfather had 
done ; that if I got consideration it would 
be because 1 earned it, not because I 
claimed it. I saw the point and went to 
school the next day a different boy. The 
nonsense wasn"t all knocked out of me 
the first day ; I don't suppose it is all 
out yet ; but the boys have done their 
best for me. and it was just what I need- 
ed." "" 

"The boy certainly has sense. Is he 
the leader of the six?"' 

"I shouldn't say so : I am not sure they 
have a leader. Arthur is the most im- 
pulsive and probably makes the most fre- 
quent propositions, many of which are 
carried out. But I should say that 
Ernest Lane had the most weight in 
final decisions. He listens more than he 
talks, but when he does talk the others 

"Do you get at them much outside of 
school ?'" 

"Oh, yes ; I am fond of games, and 
am usually with them Saturdav after- 
noons. I keep a base ball in mv desk 
and at recess we throw to one another 
in the yard. \\'hile recess lasts I am a 
boy with the rest, but the moment the 
bell rings up goes my hand, the ball flies 
into it, and back we go into school, teach- 
er and pupils." 

"You have certainlv been fortunate so 

"Oh, everything is all right now. I 
feel in this school as the engineer does 
upon the locomotive. I know the levers 
and the valves aad how to manipulate 
them. It is a real joy to be master of a 
great human machine like this."" 

"You must remember that you have 
passed only twelve weeks of your forty. 
There are many contingencies that may 
arise in such a school. Don't be lulled 
into a security that will prevent vour 
keeping a watchful eye." 

"Oh. I shall keep my eyes open, of 
course, but the fight is won : the scholars 
are my friends." 

As the grizzled inspector walked slow- 
ly down the street he sio^hed to remem- 



July, 19()4. 

ber that he was once as young, as en- 
thusiastic, as optimistic as this new prin- 
cipal. "What a lot he has to learn," 
he murmured to himself; "and yet with 
his frankness, his directness, his force, 
he will probably come out all right in the 
end. I wish I had his courage and his 
chances — and his youth." 

The young principal stood at his win- 
dow and watched the inspector walking 
away. "I suppose I shall some time be 
as old and cautious and pessimistic as 
that man," he mused. ''Well, I hope I 
shall have done lots of good work and 
had lots of good times before that day 
comes. Ten weeks ago he might have 
warned me to look out for trouble in 
this school, but to-day he ought to have 
seen how completely I have it under 
control. Probably he gives every young 
principal the same advice, and usually, 
no doubt, it is needed." 

"May we see you in your office. a little 
while?" asked Arthur Hope, after dis- 
missal the next day, approaching the 
principal at the head of the larger boys 
of the school. 

"Certainly," said Mr. Sears, cordial- 
ly. "What is it, boys?" And as he 
leaned back he looked at them confident- 
ly. What a joy it was to be in such de- 
lightful relation to such a lot of fine fel- 
lows — companion, friend, leader, master, 
all in one. 

"We are thinking of forming a secret 
society," said Arthur Hope. 

"A secret society?" The teacher's 
voice expressed disapproval as well as 

"Yes, Mr. Sears. The boys at Hatfield 
and Primrose and Ashby have societies, 
and at Pepperell there are two." 

"You are making a great mistake, 
boys," said Mr. Sears, as though he were 
correcting an error in addition. "Se- 
cret societies are probably a bad thing in 
college ; they are altogether harmful in 
secondary schools." 

"My father was an Alpha Delt." said 
Arthur Hope. 

"Mine was a Deke," said Ernest Lane. 

"Mine was a Psi U," said Harry Long, 
"and he talks more about his society 
than he does about the college." 

"That's iust the trouble," said Mr. 

Sears. "Boys, let me tell you my ex- 
perience. At the prep school one of my 
teachers was a Nu Gamma. He hadn't 
any right to do it, but he pledged me to 
that society. He took me to Hobbleton 
one Saturday, got me invited to dinner 
at the Nu Gamma house, introduced me 
to the fellows, and made me feel that it 
would be a distinction to be admitted to 
that chapter. On the quiet, as I say, he 
pledged me to it, and I was made a 
member before I knew much about the 
men in college or in my class. 

"I found I had made a great mistake. 
As I became acquainted with them I 
found that the Nu Gamma men in my 
class were not the men I should naturally 
have associated with, and yet for four 
years I was practically confined to their 
companionship. A boy can't tell before 
he goes to college or even in freshman 
year what men in his class he wants for 
permanent friends, and yet this society 
system 'forces him to make his choice." 

"But don't the societies stand for 
something?" urged Arthur. "Aren't the 
Dekes and the Psi U's and the Alpha 
Delts always looking for certain kinds of 
men, and isn't the fact that you are elect- 
ed evidence that you are that kind of a 

"Theoretically, yes. Practically, the 
expenses of the chapter houses are so 
great that the fraternity has to be filled 
up with such men as they can get. So 
there is a good deal of mismating. That 
was why I was smuggled into Nu Gam- 
ma. I am not at all of the Nu Gamma 
type, but Nu Gamma needed members 
to share expenses, so my teacher en- 
trapped me." 

"But because you were unfortunate in 
your fraternity relations is hardly a rea- 
son why we should not have a high 
school society," suggested Ernest Lane. 

"Oh, no ; there are a good many more 
serious reasons than that. In the first 
place, you don't need it. You six boys 
would practically be the society, and you 
are bound together as closely now as you 
would be with gold pins on your coat 

- "That's just it, Mr. Sears," said Ar- 
thur. "We have, so to speak, an ideal 
relation to each other and to the school. 
Yqu have said that we are a great help 

July, 1904. 



to you in discipline, because we trust you, 
we mean right by you and the school, 
and to a degree we carry the school with 
us. But we are going away. Why is it 
not well to organize the best juniors into 
a society that can continue our help to 
you next year?" 

"Well argued, Arthur," said Mr. 
Sears, clapping his hands ; "you are your 
father's son and your grandfather's 
grandson. But, my dear boys, you don't 
need an organization to perpetuate your 
influence. It is already exerted upon the 
juniors; the best boys in that class are 
already emulating your loyalty and your 
high ideals. Now it is a general influ- 
ence, exerted more or less over every 
member of the class. Pick out six or 
eight of them for a society, and the rest 
will feel that they are discriminated 
against. They will lose more loyalty 
than your selected few will gain. New 
elements of jealousy will be introduced, 
and the class, instead of pulling together 
as you seniors are doing, will begin to 
pull apart and, make trouble for us all. 

"Besides," and Mr. Sears' voice grew 
grave, "there are serious objections to 
secret meetings of companies of boys 
united by a pledge to stand by one an- 
other. Boys are impetuous, and might 
easily be led to take action that would 
be disastrous. 

"No, boys," he concluded, rising to 
terminate the interview, as he saw that 
they were not convinced, "I am sorry to 
take issue with you ; it is the first time. 
But I cannot consent to a secret society 
in this high school. That is final." 

The boys looked at one another, bowed 
respectfully, and withdrew. At a meet- 
ing of the board of education that night 
permission was given to the six boys to 
form a chapter of the Alpha Upsilon. 
The next morning they appeared in 
school with slips of narrow red ribbon in 
their button-holes, which a week later 
were replaced by gold pins. 

"Well, how does it go?" asked Mr. 
Appleton. as Mr. Sears entered the of- 
fice. • 

"Not at all ; I am going to resign." 

"Impossible. What is the trouble?" 

"The influential boys are all down on 

"That is bad; how did it happen?" 

"They wanted to form a secret so- 
ciety; I forbade it; the board permit- 
ted it." And he told the circumstances 
in detail. 

"Hm-m-m-m. That is bad. Did you 
know they were going to appeal from 
you to the board?" 

"I never dreamed of it." 

"Did the board know it was against 
your wish?" 

"Yes; the boys were frank about it. 
They told the board I was unfortunate 
in my own fraternity relations and op- 
posed to all secret societies. Most of the 
board are Masons or Odd Fellows, and 
thought they were as well qualified to 
judge as I." 

"Are the boys rebellious, now that they 
have got the best of you?" 

"On the contrary, they are painfully 
obedient and respectful. But all the old 
sympathy is gone. I am a stranger to 
them and to the school in everything out- 
side my classes." 

"Bad, but not as bad as it might be. 
Now in the first place, there must be no 
thought of resigning; that is absolutely 
out of the question." 


"Because if you give up your work in 
the middle of the year you will always 
have to explain it. You may have the 
best reason in the world, but let me warn 
you always to keep your record so that 
it requires no explanations." 

"But it is impossible to work in an at- 
mosphere of icy dislike." 

"It is impossible to do your best work 
in such an atmosphere, but it is better to 
do such work as you can than to give up 
beaten. It is your fault that you are in 
this predicament. You meant well ; it 
was an error of judgment, not of the 
heart ; but it was an error and you have 
got to pay for it, as we all have to pay 
for errors. It is better for you to pay 
for it where it was committed, and get 
straight again, than to pay for it all your 
life by an acknowledged defeat there." 

"How can I help an acknowledged de- 

"By living down your error right 
where it occurred." 

"Was it altogether my error?" 

"Mainlv. You were too cock-sure of 



July. 19U4. 

yourself. Things had gone smoothly 
and you thought the battle was won when 
it was only begun. The man who does 
not find out before his first term is over 
that there are one or two boys in school 
who have more influence over the school 
than he has or ever can have, wall never 
be a teacher. You seem to have found 
this out, but when you knew your boys 
and had them on your side, and failed to 
convince them by argument, you delib- 
erately set yourself in antagonism to 
them on what was a comparatively un- 
important outside issue." 

"But I believe a high school secret so- 
ciety is harmful." 

"Very likely it is, but you didn't pre- 
vent it, did you? Those six boys came 
to you with a plan deliberately thought 
out and approved by their parents. At 
sight and without a moment's reflection 
and exercising an authority that belonged 
not to you, but to the board of educa- 
tion, you forbade it. The boys are not 
to be blamed; I think they have acted 
forbearingly toward you." 

"What should I have done?" 

"Primarily and above all, taken time. 
If you had heard what they had to say 
and promised to consider it and give 
them an answer later, you could have 
found out how m.uch strength there was 
to the movement, and whether the 
board would sustain you if you decided 
against it. It was disrespectful to the 
boys to give them so summary an an- 
swer. A judge on the bench usually re- 
serves his decision, even if he has really 
made it, so that he may seem to give 
both sides fair consideration. You are 
teaching your first year of school and 
these problems are all new to you. If 
you had taught twenty years and if these 
problems were all familiar, it would still 
have been wise for you to take time to 

"I see ; you are quite right ; how often 
I have done just that thing — supposed I 
had achieved before I had ever learned . 
the difficulties to be overcome. Well, the 
error was mine ; wholly mine ; it was 
unpardonable to court the antagonism of 
six such fine fellows. You think I can 
live it down?" 

"Unquestionably. You are a fine fel- 
low vourself. I sent vou to Lewisboro 

relying less upon your scholarship than 
upon your character. You are all right ; 
you have blundered, but we all do that. 
You haven't been crooked or mean or 
conceited or lazy; those are the unpar- 
donable faults in a teacher. You are im- 
petuous, but you are not pig-headed. 
You will make mistakes, but you will not 
very often make the same mistake twice. 
Now go back to Lewisboro, and do your 
work as if nothing had happened. Be- 
fore the year is out you will be on top 

"Do you think I ought to apologize to 
the boys?" 

"No, because you made an issue and 
were beaten. Consider it a closed inci- 
dent and go on as if nothing had hap- 
pened. Don't dw^ell on what the boys 
think of you. Deserve to have them 
think the very best, and trust to time to 
justify you. It comes hard just now, 
but I can tell yoii, you are better oflf in 
the middle of the year to have them think 
worse of you than you deserve than to 
have them think better of you than you 

"I have no doubt that is true," said 
Mr. Sears, thoughtfully. "Mr. Appleton, 
you have been a good friend to me when 
I needed a friend. I will go back to 
Lewisboro and try to justify the trouble 
you have taken to set me right." 

It was Washington's birthday and a 
holiday. As Mr. Sears dressed he looked 
at the thermometer. outside his window. 
"Good !" he exclaimed, "only 4 degrees 
above ; we shall have skating after all. 
And I need it." 

He did need it. The term had been a 
hard one. The boys had not relaxed their 
icy politeness. They had been studious 
and dutiful, but, oh, how distant. There 
was more than the relation of teacher in- 
volved. He really loved those boys ; 
loved them more every day as they grew 
more manly, more nobly ambitious. The 
horizon is never again so broad to a boy 
as when he is about to enter college. The 
four years will discover limitations, but 
as he enters ^1 the world is his. These 
six clean-hearted, straight-thinking, high- 
minded boys were even now a dehght to 
him, but he yearned for a return of the 
affection he had so inconsideratelv lost. 

July, 1901. 



They would all be on the river to-day, 
and they were all fine skaters, but none 
of them would skate with him, though he 
was the best skater in town. Even the 
little children hesitated to be made his 
companions. The spirit of isolation sur- 
rounded him. 

As he reflected, another thought -came 
to him, and it disturbed him. Those who 
have learned to skate on a pond or lake 
know little of the excitements of skating 
on a swift stream. In the early winter 
there forms a thin black ice, remarkably 
elastic and tough, over which a skillful 
and watchful skater may glide when it 
yields beneath him, billowing up and 
down in what the boys of my time used 
to call "bank-a-lullahs," not seldom car- 
rying a swift skater across even when 
his runners have cut through the ice. 

A similar ice, but not nearly so tough, 
sometimes forms in the spring after a 
sudden cold snap, and it was of this Mr. 
Scars was thinking. Half a mile above 
the dam, the pond behind which was the 
main skating rink, a small, rapid stream 
flowed into the main river, and except in 
the coldest weather usually kept the river 
open on the north side. Mr. Sears re- 
flected that 4 degrees would cover that 
open current with a black ice just about 
firm enough to be dangerous. The 
temptation was always great ; there was 
thick ice above and below, and a swift 
skater needed little support beneath his 
feet to glide across the two or three rods. 
The boys had done it in December with- 
out serious mishap, but in February it 
was quite a different matter. 

His apprehensions grew so serious that 
before breakfast he slipped down to the 
river and skated to this point. The black 
ice was there, thin, but tempting. He 
experimented a little with it, and finally 
skated above it on the white ice on the 
south side of the river. After testing it 
once or twice by cutting across the cor- 
ners he came down like a whirlwind and 
sailed across the entire width of black 
ice. Concerned as he was for his boys, 
he could not help yielding to the old 
boyhood fascination as the ice billowed 
beneath him yet carried him over. But 
in three places his runners had cut 
through, and already the warm sun was 
weakeninof the ice. \ 

He skated back thoughtfully and hard- 
ly spoke at breakfast. Going to his room, 
he changed his shirt for a sweater, and 
then he went to a hardware store. 

'T want the lightest strong cord you 
have," he said, "say fifty yards." 

Then he went over to the office of a 
young physician whom he knew and 

''Doctor," he said, "you used to skate?" 


''Come and skate this morning." 

"Can't do it; too busy." 

"But let me tell you," and he put the 
whole case before him. The doctor was 
convinced, hunted up his skates, and went 
with him to the pond. 

The boys were already there, happy in 
the unusual combination of hard ice and 
spring sun. Mr. Sears kept near the 
dam, hoping the boys would stay below,, 
but when they skated above the black ice 
he and the doctor followed them. 

As he anticipated, the boys began to 
dare one another and to skate across the 
corners. Some got across ; some broke 
through, but the distances were so short 
that they reached the white ice with only 
a wet foot or two. 

Finally Arthur Flope dared Ernest 
Lane to get a long start and slide clear 

"I wish you wouldn't try that, boys,"* 
said Mr. Sears. "The spring ice is not 
strong, and the sun has already weak- 
ened it." 

"But some one seems to have got safe- 
ly across, Mr. Sears," said Arthur with 
cold politeness. "In fact, I shouldn't be 
a bit surprised if they were your skates 
that made that even double track," he 

"That is true," said Mr. Sears. "I 
came here before breakfast, before the 
sun was up, to see if it was safe. Even 
then my runners cut through, as }'Ou see, 
and every minute of this sun makes it 
more dangerous." 

"Thank you very much," said Arthur, 
icily, "but I think where you have got 
across I can safely follow. Come on, 

The crowd gathered on the upper side 
to see the boys skim across. All six tried 
it, and all six got safely over, time and 
time aq-ain. not without side s^lances of 



July, 1904. 

exultation directed toward Mr. Sears. 

But the ice showe.d more* and more 
signs of weakness, and Mr. Sears said 
to the doctor, "It can't last much longer. 
Be sure to hang on to the rope, and don't 
let it be saw^ed through against the edge 
of the ice." 

"Are you sure you ought to take the 
chances?'' asked the doctor. 

"Those boys are worth any chances," 
said Mr. Sears. 

The catastrophe came suddenly. Just 
as Arthur sailed down at the top of his 
speed an emulous little boy unexpectedly 
to everybody attempted to cross the 
black ice upstream. The two met ten 
feet from the upper white ice and both 
went through. The little boy caught the 
ice with his arms and broke his way 
along until he was pulled out, but Ar- 
thur went under the ice and was carried 
do.wn stream by the swift current. 

This was just what Mr. Sears had an- 
ticipated. Throwing off his coat and 
putting the coil of rope under it into the 
doctor's hands he gave two or three 
powerful strokes and plunged under the 
black ice after Arthur. The doctor care- 
fulUy plied out the rope till it tightened, 
and then drew it carefully in. One end 
w^as fastened securely to Mr. Sears' waist, 
• and it soon drew back to the surface both 
the unconscious bodies clasped in each 
other's arms. They were lifted to the 
firm white edge, and instantly were under 
the doctor's care. 

It was thirty-six hours before Mr. 
Sears finally recovered consciousness. 
As he pulled himself together and re- 
called where he was and why he was 
there, he exclaimed : 

"Was he saved?" 

"He was, indeed," said Arthur's 
mother, who had insisted on being Mr. 
Sears' nurse. "He was out again in the 
afternoon, no worse for the ducking. 
Better for it, Mr. Sears ; he has an 
apology to make to you, as well as grati- 
tude to express. There are six boys in 
this school who are very anxious to see 

"I am anxious to see them," said the 

principal, tears in his eyes. "Those boys 

have never known how fond I am of 


, When they were admitted that even- 

ing Mr. Sears noticed there were no pins 
on their coats. 

"Where are your Alpha Upsilon So- 
ciety pins, boys?" he asked, ready in the 
exuberance of restored good feeling to 
talk as freely on that subject as any 

"There is no Alpha Upsilon Society,"' 
said Ernest Lane. 

—The School Bulletin. 


Mississippi Legislature Objects to Greek Let- 
ter Societies in the State Universitj% 

(Dispatch Special Telegram.) 

Jackson, Miss., Feb. 5. — A bill seek- 
ing to abolish the Greek letter fraterni- 
ties at the University of Mississippi is to 
be introduced in the legislature. On its 
recent visit to the University of Missis- 
sippi the house committee on universities 
and colleges made a searching investiga- 
tion of the Greek letter societies. The 
committee also went into the affairs ©f 
the various clubs and societies, and found 
some surprising conditions. The legisla- 
tors were shocked at the disregard for 
the properties which prevailed, and par- 
ticularly at the language used in the 
oath of the organizations. 

Why should not our public schools 
teach the nature of an oath? In our 
courts the. oath is administered daily. 
All civil officers are under oath. The 
crier, on opening the courts of our State, 
says, "God save the commonwealth of 
Massachusetts." Why should not the 
children be taught the sacredness of an 
oath? It is a solemn appeal to God. It 
is an act of worship. It is administered 
by civil and ecclesiastical officers. Why 
should not our schools teach that for pri- 
vate citizens the law is, "Let your yea 
be yea and your nay, nay"? Associa- 
tions have no more right to administer 
the oath than to try to punish one of their 
members for crime. An old law in New 
Hampshire, Vermont and Massachusetts 
made it a crime, punishable by $200 fine 
and six months' imprisonment, either to 
administer or allow the oath to be ad- 
ministered to us. Why should not our 
public schools teach that lodge oaths are 
mare dangerous to the souls of citizens, 
than alcohol to their bodies? 

—Extract from an address by Rev. .T. M. Foster. 

July. 1904. 




Schoolboy Was Driven Around All Niyrht by 

(Special Dispatch to the Enquirer, Cincinnati, O.) 

Evansville, Ind., April 27. — Richard 
Scott, high school student, spent the 
greater part of last night in a coffin. Thar 
might not have been so bad had he been 
allowed to lie quietly in his narrow bed, 
but instead of that the box in which he 
was confined was placed on a springless 
wagon and dragged over the streets by 
his unrelentless classmates from early in 
the pvpning until the dawn began to break 
in the East. The coffin containing Scott 
was escorted by ten members of the 
Kappa Alpha fraternity. 


The preamble to Trustee Stolz's resolu- 
tion sets forth that secret societies in the 
schools were subversive of the spirit of 
democracy, that prominent educators 
were opposed to them and that some of 
the foremost secondar}' schools have ex- 
cluded such societies. 

With reference to the action o'f the 
board Superintendent Cooley said : 

"The secret societies in the Chicago 
high schools are a nuisance. Cliques are 
formed and racial lines are drawn by 
youngsters who ought to be at their 
books. Jews and in many cases Roman 
Catholics are barred from the societies 
and the color line is drawn. All this is 
wrong. I shall investigate conditions in 
the high schools thoroughly and make my 
report as soon as possible.'' 

—Chicago Record-Herald. May 26, 1904. 


Doubtless the resolutions adopted by 
the board of education concerning secret 
fraternities and sororities in the public 
high schools meet with the cordial ap- 
proval of most parents. 

The immediate effect of the organiza- 
tion of these societies is the introduction 
into school life of arbitrary class dis- 
tinctions. In the school all students pre- 
sumably meet on a plane of equal rights 
and equal privileges, social as well as 
educational. The secret societv removes 

this element of equality. Some of the 
students "belong" and some do not. 
Some could not obtain admission if they 
tried and others, conscious of a lack of 
"qualifications'' or of an inability to 
meet some of the small expenses in- 
volved, do not try. Thus, while eligibil- 
ity ior admission to a society is a privi- 
lege conditioned- upon membership in the 
school, it is not a privilege open to all 

The effect of such societies in creat- 
ing an artificial social status for youths 
in the formative period of life is not 
wholesome. At high-school age a boy 
or girl should still be amenable to paren- 
tal authority and allegiance to a secret 
society disputes that authority. The 
young student assuming prerogatives of 
his older brothers in college becomes pre- 
maturely independent and parents re- 
luctantly assent to the proceeding lest he 
misunderstand their reasons for depriv- 
ing him of a fancied right. 

It is time enough for a boy or girl to 
join a secret society upon entering col- 
lege. Even then the Greek letter fra- 
ternity not infrequently is a nuisance and 
an injury. The high school assuredly is 
no place for such organizations. 

— Editorial Chicago Daily News. 


Trustees Take Radical Action Against Secret 

The doom of the high school fraterni- 
ties of Chicago w^as sealed yesterday by 
action taken by the school management 
committee of the board of education de- 
nying all members of secret societies the 
privileges usually accorded to students 
other than the mere right to attend 
classes. Xo secret society member hence- 
forward may represent a school in any 
athletic or intellectual contest, his so- 
ciety may not meet in the school build- 
ing and it may not use the school name 
in connection with its own. 

The action was taken upon recom- 
mendation of Superintendent Cooley^ 
who, before he decided on the matter, 
asked the advice of all the high school 
principals and most of the teachers in 
the city. The principals and teachers 
were almost a unit in their condemnation 
of the school societies, declaring that they 


July, 1901. 

disrupted the schools, created "cHques'' 
and destroyed ah fellow feeling". A long 
communication from the teachers and 
principals was presented to the commit- 
tee by the superintendent with his own 

Coudeiiinatioii Is Severe. 

The following recommendations of 
Superintendent Cooley were adopted : 

"That the principals and teachers of 
the high schools be instructed to deny 
to any secret societies which may exist 
in their- school all public recognition, in- 
cluding the privilege of meeting in the 
school buildings. 

"That such organizations be forbidden 
t'o use the school name. 

"That no student who is known to be 
a member of a fraternity or sorority or 
other so-called 'secret' society be per- 
mitted to represent the school in any 
literary or athletic contest or in any pub- 
lic capacity. 

"That the attention of parents of pupils 
who are to attend the public high schools 
be called to the fact that the board of 
education, the superintendent of schools 
and the principals and teachers of the 
high schools unanimously condemn all 
such secret societies." 

Xo discussion followed the report and 
it was passed unanimously by the mem- 
'bers present. Trustee Stolz declared 
that he had received many letters from 
parents and teachers commenting" favor- 
ably on the resolution. 

—Chicago Chronicle, .Tune 7, 1904. 


(Dr. .T. M. W. Cannon, of Kidder, Mo., con- 
tributes the following- from the Kansas 
City Times of May 17. Dr. Cannon styles 
Prof. Cammack "a man of nerve and sense." 
and we indorse his language. — Ed.) 

That the board of education has not 
relented in its fight on high school fra- 
ternities was demonstrated yesterday 
afternoon, when Prof. Ira L Cammack, 
principal of Central High School, re-- 
quested Mrs. Carrie Farwell Voorhees, 
director of the Glee Club of the high 
school, to expel four boys because they 
had joined fraternities despite the board's 

Mrs. Voorhees called the club together 

and notified the members of Prof. Cam- 
mack's order. The club appointed a com- 
mittee, of which Howard Hudson was 
chairman, to confer with Prof. Cammack. 
The conimittee asked the principal to 
suspend the order until after the com- 
mencement exercises. The manager 
pointed out to Prof. Cammack that it had 
made several engagements to appear at 
entertainments not strictly scholastic and 
that the club was billed to take a lead- 
ing part in the numerous exercises per- 
taining to the annual coimmencement. 

Prof. Cammack, however, declined to 
modify his order. He said he had just 
discovered that five members of the Glee 
Club had violated the expressed will and 
order of the Board O'f Education by join- 
ing fraternities and under no circum- 
stances could he permit the club to take 
any part in school exercises ^r tO' carry 
the name of Central High School Glee 
Club while the offending members re- 
mained' on its roi^ter. The committee re- 
ported the result of the conference to the 
club at once and the club thereupon dis- 

The four offenders who violated the 
Board of Education order and caused the 
disruption of the Glee Club are Roger 
Davis, Kenneth Dyrne, Pryor Combs and 
Richard Wiles. They do not deny that 
they have been elected to fraternities 
since June 22, 1903. The Board of Edu- 
cation made a ruling last year that no 
pupil elected into a "frat" after June 22 
should be allowed to participate in any 
event pertaining to^ the school. The boys 
kept the fact of their membership to a 
fraternity secret, and its discovery was 
not made by Prof. Cammack until yes- 
terday. His action was prompt and de- 
cisive. What effect this will have on 
later events is not yet known. 

The Glee Club will be compelled to 
cancel several engagements. It was co 
take a leading part in the commencement 
day exercises and was also to appear be- 
fore the Blind Institute in Kansas City, 
Kan., soon. 

"It is probably true that the comprom- 
ising minister may reach and influence 
more people than the radical preacher, 
but when he has reached them what good 
has he done?" 

July. 1904. 




"i sympathize with your work in this 
•field. Many very earnest men are in the 
lodges, and. in the matter of aid in sickness 
or disability, there is. of course, some good 
done, but in the whole make-up of charac- 
ter and those things which make for salva- 
tion and a Godly life, there is great injury. 
The church needs all that consecrated in- 
tellect and the good fellowship of which the 
lodges boast. In .all of our great cities 
there are many. I am 'persuaded, who are 
ruined by those things which go with the 
lodge. Lodge men are always hard to reach. 
•"Very truly yours. 

-Pastor M. E. Church." 

The pastor who writes the above is 
located in one of the better known cities 
of the Northern States. He appears to 
write from practical observation, and his 
statements are of serious import. For 
more definite representation of Lodge 
"benefits, we refer him to an editorial in 
the March number entitled, "Do Benefits 
Justify." He will then find reports cf 
their actual amount. 


Rev. Bruce Brown is a prominent pas- 
tor in this city of the Disciples of Christ, 
popularly known as the Christian or 
Campbellite Chur(;h. On a recent Sab- 
bath he read the following from a corre- 
spondent : 

"I have but little time for anything out- 
■side my business and my home. That little 
time I give to my lodge, and consider that 
I am making the best use of it." 

To which he replied as reported in the 
daily press : 

••The member of the secret order should 
not forget that his order was born in the 
church and fostered at her bosom, and that 
all teachings of fraternity and equality find 
their highest exemplification in the life of 
the man of Nazareth." 

Attention is called to the above in 
order to show what a departure from 
the truth has taken place since the godly 
Alexander Campbell founded this church. 
Contrast the above with the following 
from Dr. Canipbell : 

''A king might more honorably seek ad- 
mission to the humblest caste of a village 
sporting club, than a Christian knock at the 
door of a Masonic or Odd-Fellowship hall 
for the sake of admission into the secrets of 

their dark assemblies." "But what have the 
sons of God to do with the sons of men in 
such associations — bow the knee together — 
carry a Bible in concert — celebrate a 'Saint" 
•John's day — join in the chorus of a merry 
night — and shed a Masonic or Odd Fellow's 
tear over a brother Mason who died a Turk, 
a Jew, an infidel, or an apostate Christian of 
the mystic tiel Tell it not in Siaml Pub- 
lish it not in Memphis., lest the pagans re- 
joice and the idolaters triumph:" 
—Harbinger, 1845, p. 317. 

"But •the man of sin' and the spirit that 
inspires him, have always plead for a 
church and state amalgamation, and for 
bringing the whole unregenerate world into 
the forms and under the name of a Christian 
people. Hence the middle wall of partition 
being broken down, not between Jew and 
Gentile, but between Christ's church and the 
• world. Christian people are prepared to in- 
termarry, if not prepared to commit adul- 
tery, with any institution that may be gotten 
up under the show of some public good that 
may do honor to them before the world. One 
would think the world had ceased to be. 
as in old times, under Satan. John spoke in 
a very impolite, unsocial, uncharitable style, 
when he said, 'We are of God, little children, 
and the whole world lieth under the devil." 
All mixed communion in religion with the 
world, under any pretense whatever, is spir- 
itual adultery or fornication, according to 
my Bible." 
—Harbinger, 1848, p. 409. 

There is no greater contrast between 
Rev. Bruce Brown's words and those of 
Rev. Alexander Campbell than there is 
between the example and precepts of such 
r^Iasonic Christian ministers and the ex- 
ample and precepts of the Lord Jesus 
Christ. Who can imagine otir Lord be- 
ing initiated into a secret order? wln^ 
declared that in secret had he said noth- 
ing, and who told his disciples to pro- 
claim on the house-tops whatever he had 
said to them in private. 


A Blow at Labor Unions. 

A recent decision of the Supreme 
Court of Kansas is a decisive blow 
against the labor unions of that State. 
At the dictation of the labor unions the 
last session of the Kansas State legisla- 


christia:^ cynosure. 

July, 190^, 

tiire passed a law forbidding a company 
or an employer to discharge an employe 
for belonging to a union, and the law 
gave the employer no recourse. If he 
discharged a imion man his fellow union- 
ists would strike, and he was also liable 
to a heavy fine. The law^ the Supreme 
Court has, declared unconstitutional. 
The court says : 

"Anv act of the legislature that would 
undertake to impose on an employer the 
obligation of keeping one in his service 
whom for any reason he does not desire 
would be a denial of his constitutional 
right to make and terminate contracts 
and to acquire and hold property." 


At the last annual meeting Rev. W. 
R. Miller was elected a member of our 
Board of Directors. His denominational 
connection is the German Baptist Breth- 
ren. This large and influential body of 
Christians is in hearty sympathy with the 
National Christian Association. The re- 
ligious and business affairs of this de- 
nomination are remarkably well managed, 
as any will say who will visit their head- 
quarters at Elgin, 111. The Association 
is to be congratulated in having the serv- 

ices of Brother Miller, who has had a, 
business, as well as Biblical training. He- 
was born near Hagerstown, Washington 
County, Maryland, in 1849, ^.nd lived on 
a farm until the age of twenty. Polo, 
Illinois, then became his home and he 
engaged in merchandising. 

Was married in Polo in the year 1875 
to Ilattie J. Hills ; three children were 
born to them, two of these dying at the 
age of five and seven, the youngest of the 
three, Ralph W., now a young man of 
twenty-two, is a prominent accountant 
of the London Guarantee and Accident 
Company. The mother followed her boys- 
to the spirit world last October. 

In 1888 he located in Chicago when,, 
besides engaging in business, he had 
charge of the First Brethren Church of 
this city. This church has since grown 
into a prosperous society, having- three 
Sunday Schools, with some four hundred 
children enrolled in the Industrial and. 
Sunday School work. 

Brother Milkr is the author of a book 
entitled "Chicago Sunday School Exten- 
sion," setting forth the great need of Sun- 
day School work in this city. 

Owing to impaired health he will spend 
the fall and winter in Egypt and Pales- 


A wise Christian parent w411 select a 
college where there are no secret fra- 
ternities. I will mention two objections 
to college fraternities which have espe- 
cially impressed me. (i) They tend tO' 
degrade the standard of scholarship by 
emphasizing the social rather than the 
literary, Where fraternities predomi- 
nate the literary or debating club lan- 
guishes or disappears. (2) The social 
life fostered by the fraternity is not of 
a desirable type. It tends to frivolity and 
extravagance, if not to- dissipation. 
Cards, the dancing party, if nothing 
worse, absorb time and effort, and a style 
of dress and living prevails which the 
poorer students cannot honestly main- 
tain, and which' is not profitable for any. 
The "panhellenic dance," instead of the 
contest in debate or oratory, becomes the. 
supreme event of the college year. 

— ?flev. Edwin S. Carr, D. D. 

July, 1904. 


He married, in September, 1853, Mar\ 
Pricilla Payne. Since her death in 1898, 
he has been Hving with his sons in Chi- 
cago, 111. 


Mr. Bent was elected a member of the 
Board of Directors of the National Chris- 
tian Association for the fourth time at the 
last annual meeting. He is a 'man of 
wide and varied experience in business 
and Christian work. He has large farm- 
ing interests in the West, and is actively 
interested in business here in Chicago. 

Reverend George Bent, sixth child of 
Samuel Browning Bent and Catherine 
Avery Bent, was born March 29th, 1827, 
in Middlebury, \>rmont. After prepar- 
ing for college in Cincinnati, Ohio, he 
accompanied his brother-in-law. Rev. 
Jonathan Blanchard to Knox College (of 
which Mr. Blanchard was President), 
Galesburg, 111. After graduating in 1849, 
he taught school at Brookville, Ind., and 
Riclimond, Ky., for two years, and then 
prepared for the ministry at Andover, 
Mass. (185T-1852), and at Yale -Univer- 
sity for one year. He was ordained as an 
orthodox clergyman, Oct. 20, 1856. He 
preached in Dundee, 111., Anoka, Minn., 
Lansing and Burr Oak, Iowa., Seneca, 
Kan., Red Cloud, Loup City, and Hazard, 

In January. 1892. he was elected Judge 
of Sherman County, Neb. Since 1896 he 
has retired from active labors in that line. 


The walking delegate never tired of 
talking about the strike. He held that it 
was justified, if ever a strike was, and 
he was prepared to demonstrate that it 
was perfectly proper to strike to secure 
a desired result. He told his wife so, 
and she appeared to agree with him. She 
said it seemed the easiest way. 

That night when he came home he 
found the table was not set. 

'T want a new dress," she said, when 
he asked what the trouble was. 

'T know. You've been bothering me 
for that dress for a month," he said, "but 
how about supper ?" 

"There isn't any," she replied ; "this 
is a strike." 

"A strike!" 

"Yes. I have been trying to secure a 
peaceable settlement of this trouble for 
some time, now I've struck." 

"Do you dare " 

"Oh, don't talk to me that way ! If I 
can't get you to arbitrate, why I've got 
to strike." 

"But, Mary, you don't understand." 

"Oh, yes I do. I've made my de- 
mands, and they've been refused. I've 
asked for arbitration with a view to 
compromise, and that also has been re- 
fused. A strike is all there is left, and 
I've struck." 

"But your demands are unreasonable." 

"I don't think they are." 

"You're no judge." 

"You're the judge of your own de- 
mands when you strike, and now I want 
something. It's no use of talking. The 
strike's on." 

"Well, what are ^'ou going to do about 

"Nothing.'' she replied. "The strike 
is still on." 

"Aren't you hungry ?" 

"No, I saw that there was something 
in the treasury before the strike was or- 

"INTeaning the pantry^" he remarked. 

"Meaning the pantry," she repeated. 

"I believe I'll g^et a bfte," he said. 


July, 1904. 

•'It's locked," she replied. "The re- 
serve is to be used to keep the strike go- 
ing. You can't touch the striker's re- 

"Be careful, Mary," he said, warning- 

ly. If I shut o€ the cash^ " She 

nodded toward the locked pantry. 

'I can stick it out a week," she replied. 

Five or ten minutes later he proposed 
that they compromise on the basis of ten 

"Twenty," she said firmly. 

"But I can't afford it," he protested. 

"That's your business," she answered. 
'T offered to arbitrate once." 

It was lo o'clock that night when he 
finally gave in, and somehow he felt he 
had experienced a new phase of the 
strike business. It looked different, from 
the other side of the fence. — Selected. 


The Boston Herald of June loth said : 
'•The Great and General Court was pro- 
rogued at 9:50 last night, after scenes of 
unrestrained enthusiasm attending the pas- 
sage of a bill in both branches over a veto 
of the Governor, such as have probably 
never before been enacted in the State 
House. The measure vetoed was the sol- 
diers' bounty bill, so-called, which carries 
an appropriation of $350,000, to be taken 
from the .$1,610,000 award of Congress in 
payment of civil war claims against the 
federal government; it provides for giving 
to every Massachusetts veteran of the re- 
bellion who has never received a bounty 
the sum of $12o. 

Gov. Bates returned this bill with his ob- 
jections thereto to the House late yesterday 
afternoon, and the House, after a debate 
which plainly showed that an overwhelming 
majority of its members were still in favor 
of the proposition, notwithstanding the Gov- 
ernor's contentions against it, voted for the 
bill. 151 to 47, giving 19 more votes than 
were necessary, on the basis of the number 
voting, to pass it. The Senate then followed 
the lead of the House and also passed the 
bill by more than a two-thirds vote, twenty- 
five Senators voting for the bill and only 
eight against it." 

* * * 

"Representative George A. Schofield, of 
Ipswich, a Democrat, who has been elected 
from a nominally Republican district for 
several terms, is the author of the soldiers' 
bounty bill. He has made a long and hard 
contest for it. and although he had back of 
him the support of Grand Army influence, 
and it has been a popular measure from the 
first with a majority of the House, its suc- 
cess in the Senate was not a foregone con- 

clusion, and it was vigorously fought by the- 
House ways 'and means committee, whose 
position it was expected the Governor would 
sustain. In view of the readiness of the 
Legislature to recede from its position on 
measures in the face of executive disapprov- 
al, as demonstrated already this year on^ 
fourteen separate occasions, it could not be 
predicted with certainty that both branches 
would unite in making an exception of the 
fifteenth veto, and by more than a two-thirds 
vote in each house refuse to sustain his ex- 

* * * 

"When the bill had passed the House the 
members flocked over to the Senate cham- 
ber, Mr. Schofield among them, to watch the 
proceedings in the upper branch. When the 
Senate roll had been called, and it was seen 
that the bill had passed both branches, its 
advocates could not restrain their joy oter 
their victory over his excellency. Not con- 
tent with decorous applause, they crowded 
out into the Senate lobbies and sent up 
cheer after cheer. The House members re- 
turned to their chamber shouting and hur- 
rahing, and when near the threshold of the 
Representatives' hall a group of the most 
ardent ones picked up Mr. Schofield and car- 
ried him on their shoulders into the House.'^ 

^;: * * 

In his veto, the governor . had ex- 
pressed the opinion that the veterans did 
not desire the bounty, and that in exclud- 
ing from its provisions those who had 
already received any bounty whatever, 
less in soine cases than thirty dollars — 
the bill was unfair. It also neglected the 
estates of all who were dead. He thought 
setting the price of $125 on a soldier's 
risks less respectful to him than enlarg- 
ing the State provision for such care as 
he might need, under which provision 
about a million dollars is now expended 
every year. 


Dear Bro. Phillips — A sample copy of the 
"Christian Cynosure" came to me yester- 
daj, and I have been much interested in 
reading it. Years ago my parents used to 
take that paper, and they taught me to hate 
the lodge and to keep clear from it. They re- 
member the Masonry troubles -in Iowa. 

Since I became a minister I have been 
much tempted to "be a joiner." Those who 
are ministers can testify to the continued 
influence held out to us to become members 
of these secret societies. I have steadfast- 
ly refused to join them, and just recently, 
through a brother minister, • had my soul 
tried, but I refused. Now I am glad that 
I did, for I can see that' the most perni- 
cious and baleful enemy of the "Real 
CMtirch" is this lodge spirit. For if our 

July. 1904. 


members would give the time and attention 
to the work of the Lord that they do to the 
lodge, how much more would that work 
prosper, and. if we had the money thus 
spent, we could do as a church the very 
work the lodge is doing, and do it so it 
would glorify Christ, and not man. Yet 
after they spend their money in the lodge, 
thev have none for the church. 

Beside this, there is that worldly and dev- 
ilish influence in the lodge room that would 
destroy all spirituality in any soul, no mat- 
ter how conscientious they were. Then, 
when I have to preside at funerals (and the 
more ungodly the man is, it seems the great- 
er show they makei, it makes my heart sick 
to hear the name of God and Christ used in 
a manner bordering on blasphemy. But I 
am glad to know that there is a band of 
men who are against the whole institution. 
and who believe in being the Lord's only. 
God bless them and grant us the victory 
in Jesus" name. 

Inclosed find draft for S2.25, for which 
send the Christian Cynosure for one year, 
and the following Iwoks: 

"Freemasonry Illustrated." 640 pages, pa- 
per binding, at 75 cents. 

•'Knights Templarism Illustrated." at 50 

I'll get the other books on Masonry and 
the other lodges just as I can afford it. I 
want to know how to meet these men who 
are .iust being "•hoodwinked" into the idol 
worship. I have read the Cynosure with 
great pleasure, and believe it a godsend to 
me in my time of temptation. May God's 
richest blessings be yours for your great 
work. I am yours, in Christ's fellowship. 

This letter seems to show how early 
home influence operated in the case of 
one tempted to join. We could tell of 
a similar case where one went even 
farther, yet returned to the position, 
which parental influence had favored, 
coming back with greatly increased 
antagonism. Let such instances be an 
encouragement to parents to make the 
home an intrenchment. The other to 
which we refer was that of a Baptist 
minister : the writer of the foregoing let- 
ter is a ^lethodist. 



If there's any real '•jiners" in the North 
let them take a day off and count up. Vir- 
ginia claims the belt. 

Hon. J. Vincent Perley. a member of Char- 
lottesville Tent. K. O. T. M., is a member of 
48 orders and is an oflicer in 15. He'd like 
to know the fellow who can go him one 
better. Speak up. — The Bee Hive. 

He must know his alphabet prettv 

"The Odd Fellow^s' ^^lutual Aid Asso- 
ciation of Connecticut, have had a re- 
ceiver appointed to wind up the business. 
They owe about S6o,ooo and have about 
$3,000 assets. The association has been 
in existence since 1867, and in that period 
has paid insurance amounting to $1,909,- 
000. One by one these societies die at 
the age of thirty, to thirty-five years, and 
thf^n the order is brought into disrepute." 
- An Odd Fellow organ. 

^^^hat it cost in dues to get about two 
million dollars for part of those insured 
is not told : or how many paid more or re- 
ceived less than they expected to when 

To man}- patrons, from one or both of 
these two causes, the rate may not im- 
probably have proved high. If S6o,ooo 
are ow^ed and assets are only $3,600, then 
$57,000 are to be accounted as extra re- 
duction from amounts expected. This 
raises the pro rata cost of the aggregate 

It is almost a matter of course that 
some of those deprived of insurance, 
have while they supposed themselves in- 
sured here, become disqualified by age, or 
health histor}' of themselves or relatives, 
from newdy insuring elsewhere. How 
many wdio would not take passage in a 
ship carrying only coal enough for the 
first half of her voyage across the Atlan- 
tic, w-ill yet embark in such financial 
schemes, requiring the service of a life- 
time, but designed and equipped for be- 
coming derelict in mid-voyage. 


Bethel Senate No. 377 is making great 
preparations for its sixth annual grand con- 
cert and ball to be held in City Hall East- 
er Monday evening. The members of the 
senate are working hard for the success? 
of this event, and will spare no efforts to 
make it the social function of the season- 
In addition to the concert and dancing, there 
will be a drill by the degree team, consist- 
ing of twenty-one men in full robes, and 
will consume about twenty-five minutes in 
performing the floor work. This has always 
been a big drawing card, many attending 
just to see the drill and march. — CoiTe- 
spondence of Essenic Knights' Review. 

Bethel means House of God, and East- 
er derives its interest from the Resurrec- 
tion ! 



July. 1904. 

Iletti0 of §nt Pori 


This State Conference was finishing 
its« session as the Cynosure was being 
mailed, and hence it will be too late to 
givt a record of its proceedings. It met 
in the Free Methodist Church, Saginaw, 
on June 29th and 30th. Among those 
expected to speak were the following: 
Rev. Samuel H. Swartz, Chicago; Rev. 
T. C. Sproul, Fair Grove, Mich.; Rev. 
W, B. Stoddard, Washington, D. C, ; 
Rev. S.W. Stone, Yale, Mich. ; Rev. W. 
H. Haight, Saginaw, Mich. ; Rev. J. FI. 
McMillan, Bav Citv, Mich. ; Rev. E. D. 
Root, North Star, Mich. ; Rev. S. H. 
Porterfield, West Bay City, Mich., and 
Rev. A. W. Martin, Fair Grove, Mich. 

Winthrop, Ark., May i, 1904. 
I want to know more about the Na- 
tional Christian Association. From the 
day I became a Christian I have renoimc- 
ed all secret orders. I was a member 
of "The Coming Men of America" at 
the time. I am so thankful that the 
Spirit of the Lord has raised up a stand- 
ard against the king of the "Secret Em.- 
pire." Secret societies are a great master- 
piece of Satan. A false religion, a coun- 
terfeit of the true. I believe it is the 
beastial power revealed by John the 
Revelator. I arh a holiness preacher of 
the Holiness Association of Texas. I 
never heard of the N. C. A. until about 
one month ago. It seems strange, too, 
for I am a great lover of truth, and have 
been praying for light on "secrecy" for 
some time. Can I become a member of 
your association? Please let me know. 
God bless you in your noble work. The 
Lord will bless you. Yours for the King- 
dom of God, Frank Hopkins. 

Hon. J. A. Conant, of Willimantic, 
Conn., writes: "President Blanchard 
gave an address here on April 11 and 
thus saved one young man from joining 
the lodge, as he was intending to do. As 
to how many more were similarly affect- 
ed I do not know." We were sorry that 
Brother Conant was not able to call at the 
office when he passed through Chicago 

on his way West. Wq enjoyed a pleasant 
call recently from Rev. C. Bender, of the 
United Brethren (Radical Church), and 
one of our corporate members, whose in- 
terest in our work has never been known 
to flag. 


Dear Friends : God is working witli 
us in a marvelous fashion. I presume 
you have all or mO'St oi you, seen the 
articles in the Chicago papers respect- 
ing the high school fraternities. These 
fraternities in Chicago schools have been 
doing for the boys the same sort of work 
that other fraternities have been doing 
for the boys' fathers for years. They 
are doing for the high schools just what 
they have been doing for the colleges. 
Parents are startled, as they well may be 
at the revelations which are made. The 
members ' of the ' fraternities are defiant 
and lawless, as usual. They are receiv- 
ing education at the public expense, hon- 
est men and women being taxed to train 
them and they declare plainly that they 
will do as they please regarding the 
wishes and requirements of the school 

None of these things are surprising to 
those who have become acquainted with 
the spirit and work of secret societies. 
It is, however, a great advantage and a 
very blessed one to have these facts, all 
of them, spread before the people in met- 
ropolitan papers, which come into hun- 
dreds of thousands of homes. No work 
that we could have done, no money that 
we could pay, could have procured such 
an exhibit of the natural and legitimate 
workings of secret societies. , This ought 
to encourage us to believe and press for- 
ward, for while God works over and be- 
yond us, he also desires to work with us. 
"When there is a sound of a going in the 
top of the mulberry trees, the hosts of 
God should bestir themselves." 

^ou have no doubt also read the story 

July. 1904. 



of the disturbances in Colorado, which 
culminated recently in the dynamite ex- 
plosion which sent into eternity without 
a moment's warning, nearly twenty 
human souls. You may know the action 
which has been taken by the governor and 
the efforts which are being made to drive 
one set of secret society men out of the 
country. It is not our province to under- 
take to decide as to the merits of the case 
between capital and labor. There has, no 
doubt, been wrong upon both sides. It is 
not probable that any human being knows 
precisely where the greater sin lies ; nor 
is it needful to say that we should, all 
of us, condemn injustice and wrong 
wherever found. The brutal act is not 
improved in character because performed 
by a certain individual. Selfishness and 
oppressions of capital, the selfishness and 
violence of the unions are neither of them 
to be approved, but we are all of us in- 
terested in this fact : that those who have 
been creating these disturbances which 
have finally ended in the loss of so many 
lives and a general upheaval of society, 
are operating as secret societies. The 
mere fact that men meet openly, with 
doors and windows unguarded, with the 
gathering free to all honest, well meaning 
people, is a great securit}- against out- 
rage and wrong of every kind. This is 
the way meetings ought to be conducted 
on the part of persons wdio take action 
which affects society at large. One of 
the n'lost cruel wrongs inflicted on the 
common people in the middle ages was 
the secret trial which enabled the power- 
ful to oppress and slaughter the weak 
with no opportunity for protest or de- 
fence. . In the long war for liberty which 
the Anglo-Saxon race has waged, one of 
the constant demands has been for an 
open trial, accuser and accused face to 
face, with opportunity for answer. This 
principle of popular action, like so many 
others, is struck down by the secret so- 

ciety system. We ought never to rejoice 
in evil, but always in the truth. We 
should, however, be glad when evils man- 
ifest themselves in their true character^ 
when they so exhibit themiselves that peo- 
ple who have not been informed secure 
light and know the truth. 

Another interesting item has recently 
come to hand in a letter from one of our 
brethren living now at Englew^ood, an 1 
as his example, I think, ought to be imi- 
tated, allow me to quote quite generously 
from the communication he has written. 
He says, "I think the National Christian 
Association is doing a greater work than 
any missionary board of this land. It is 
one thing to bring the blind heathen to 
the knowledge of Jesus Christ, but a 
greater work to keep the children of the 
convenant, born under the light of gospel 
training, f rom^ becoming children of dark- 
ness and Satan. In the Providence of 
the good and Heavenly Father, I became 
a poor man. At more than one time I 
have been well off. \\^hy God's ways are 
such with me, I do not know, but his 
ways are wise and all goodness and 
mercy. If I was a. man of means, I 
would spend a good deal in trying to keep 
young men out of Satan's paw. I ha\'e 
for two years, bought a large number of 
tracts and distributed them on the fol- 
io Aving plan, 

"I do not think we can do very much 
toward bringing men out of the Lodge. 
We can pray for them and at a suitable 
time hand them tracts. I have been ac- 
customed to put two or three leaflets into 
an envelope and hand them to young men 
in the Christian Endeavor Society, or the 
Young Men's Christian Association, or 
the Epworth League. I have also hand- 
ed them to boys from- eighteen to twenty- 
five, and young ladies of the same age. 
If they are true Christians, it will keep- 
them out ; at least, we have done our part. 
We can find in anv church devoted men 



July. 1904. 

and Avomen ready to do this, if we look 
after them. I do not think general dis- 
tribution of tracts a good way, there is 
too much waste." 

''Then we should keep the parents of 
young men who are opposed to secret so- 
cieties well supplied with tracts on the 
subject, and thus we will gain strength. 
The great dang-er for young men now is 
found in the insurance orders. Men who 
are opposed to Masons and Odd Fellows, 
will join the ^laccabees. and all kinds of 
'bees,' not knoAving the danger for the 
new generation of the same family. I 
think on the whole, the best church peo- 
ple are awakening on the subject a good 
deal and in some lines, Christians are 
doing much good even outside from their 
own churches by the use of printed mat- 

'T am a Hollander, but by circum- 
stances have been a member of the 

Church, of Englewood. This connection 
has made me more opposed to secret so- 
cieties than ever before. Poor churches, 
poor churches owned and controlled by 
Satan ! 

Your brother in the work. 

This letter is valuable for two reasons : 
first, it shows us how, if we be filled with 
the spirit, we will feel respecting these 
enemies of Jesus and the Church, and 
second, it shows us how simple a matter 
it is to be doing something. God wants 
us, too, to be of service in some line, and 
w^e sin unless we are at work. We ought 
always to be loving and gentle, but also 
brave and true,, and if we are, God will 
give us success in the end. 

I feel like asking you all to remember 
in prayer the Christian Workers' Con- 
ference, which is to be held at Wheaton, 
from June 27th to July 6th. You can 
secure accommodations for the gathering, 
by writing to Professor D. A. Straw, at 
a cost of one dollar per day. We are 

hoping that a large number of God's 
saints will gather for prayer and confer- 
ence on this occasion. Former meetings 
have been greatly blessed. We expect 
more of the divine presence on this oc- 
casion than hitherto. 

God is with us,, and is able to do for 
us exceeding abundantly, above all that 
we ask or think. Fvery plant which he 
has not planted is to be rooted up. All 
his enemies who will not repent and be- 
lieve the Gospel will be cast intO' the lake 
of fire. How we ought to love him ! 
How we ought to seek to save them ! God 
make us more faithful than we have been. 
Yours by grace, 

Charles A. Blanchard. 


Fair Grove, Mich., June 18, 1904. 

Dear Cynosure : I met the Grand Sec- 
retary of the Grand Lodge of Elks the 
other day and received from him some 
information, which I hope soon to send 

A Maccabee, partially intoxicated, was 
cursing this order because they had not 
helped him as promised in time of sick- 
ness. He said he was going to get a 
lawyer and sue the Lodge, etc. I inquir- 
ed if he had ever tried the Bumble-bees, 
possibly they would prove more satis- 
factory. Puck truly says, "What fools 
these mortals be." 

During the past month I have pushed 
the work along the usual lines. It has 
been my privilege to address two Con- 
ferences of pastors, teachers and dele- 
gates of the Missouri Lutheran Synod. 
The first met in Chicago, 111. The second 
in Saginaw, Mich. As usual these friends 
manifested their interest in the work of 
the National Christian Association by 
subscribing for its literature. Tracts 
were distributed, books purchased and 
over one hundred names added to the 
Cynosure subscription list. The large 
attendance at my lectures gave evidence 
of an appreciation of what I had to bring. 
The N. C. A. is proving a much appre- 
ciated arsenal to which these friends re- 
sort for ammunition for. the Anti-Secrecy 


J i '. i ' Ji.j ' il 'g^fWfBilWBIlim 

July. 1904. 



contest ever on hand. I wish many might 
write of their experiences for the Cyno- 

In my last report I failed to refer to 
the pleasure of the Sabbath spent at 
Cedarville, Ohio. I was invited, as here- 
tofore, to speak in the Reformed and 
United Presbyterian churches of this 
place. My home was with our staunch 
friend, D. S. Ervin. Cedarville has 
an especial charm, for here I found and 
married a wife, who for over sixteen 
years has stood bv me in the battle of 

I found opportunity, as expected, for 
much work in Western Michigan. Every- 
where a growing interest was manifest. 
A Sabbath with Brother Remmeles at 
Clarksville w^as very much enjoyed. 
Brother R. is pastor of the Wesleyan 
Methodist Church. It was time for the 
quarterly meeting. The elder could not 
be present to assist and Brother R. felt 
the Lord had directed me there at that 
time. 'My meetings were largely attend- 
ed and I believe lasting good was ac- 
complished. Several Cynosure subscrip- 
tions were obtained. All seemed pleased 
with the new wife Brother R. had taken 
and were expecting good work in the 
future. I shall hope to hear that he has 
accomplished much N. C. A. work. 

I have been working this part of the 
State with a view to the State Conven- 
tion. I assisted in the Free Methodist 
quarterly meeting, held in West Saginaw 
last Sabbath, preaching twice, and have 
accepted the invitation so cordially given 
by this pastor and people to hold the 
State Convention in this church. As this 
convention will be closing about the time 
the next Cynosure reaches the friends I 
need not write of details. Several pas- 
tors promise aid and we are expecting an 
uplifting time. 

Owing to an accident I have not been 
able to push the work as usual for a few- 
days, but am hoping to fill my appoint- 
ments to preach here to-morrow and give 
lectures in the Free Methodist and Luth- 
eran Churches in Bav City next week. 

Mtkn* fe0ttmome0» 

"If God be for us, who can be against 

W. B. Stoddard. 


Hendersonville, N. C, May 14, 1904. 
I have been a Free Mason until a few 
months ago. I gave my heart to Jesus, 
and have withdrawn myself from Mason- 
ry, and I would be glad to receive any 
further information. Yours in Jesus' 
name, " Will J. Case. 


An upright life is the product of a pure 
lieart. , 

The Lord Jesus, while here on earth, 
said that the lives of some men remind- 
ed Him of the "whited sepulchers" near 
Jerusaleni. They were beautiful to look 
upon, but contained dead men's bones. 
How truly we can liken the works of 
Christian lodges in this our day to 
''whited sepulchers," by looking upon 
their outward manifestations, their re- 
galia, banquets, parades and funeral ser- 
vices, by their endeavoring to stand upon 
the plain which alone can be occupied by 
the church of Christ. Having' a form of 
Godliness, but denying the power thereof, 
they deny the Son Himself. 

Experience is our best teacher, there- 
fore those who have come from darkness 
to the marvelous light of the gospel are 
qualified to give some of the mysteries 
and corruption of the lodge rooms. 

Well do I remember when I sought 
protection in one of these Christian in- 
stitutions which was represented to me 
as founded upon the word of God, 
I found after initiation fees and dues 
were paid that it w^as a Christless, oath- 
bound institution. A part of the oath 
was as follows: ''So long as life shall 
last shall the ties of brotherhood bind 
us to assist and care for one another, nor 
shall' death sever this vow so long as 
there shall live a deceased brother's wid- 
ow or orphan to care for." A few days 
later it was my privilege to meet the sec- 
retary of the lodge, who told me that a 
resolution had been passed that no bene- 
fits should be paid for one year. Cpon 
asking him why this was done, he said a 
number of the brethren had drawn from 
the treasury for almost one year, and if 
we wished to go on to prosperity as other 



July, 1904. 

it comes directly from China. The lead- 
ers of the society teach, as the Boxers 
used to, that certain incantations make 
them inyulnerable. There is an old 
Korean prophecy that in the present year 
the Korean dynasty will be oyerthroyv^n 
and foreigners will be driven out. 

Just before the arrival of the Japanese 
in Korea the movements of this secret 
society had reached the point of a con- 
certed outbreak against all foreigners. 
Their underlying idea is to overthrow 
the present emperor of Korea and put in 
his place one of the collateral branches 
of the royal family. This society claims 
that it is managed from some foreign 
country and that the head of the society 
is not a Korean. As I was saying, just 
before the Japanese forces landed in 
Korea an outbreak was imminent. All 
outbreaks in the East, no matter what 
their avowed aim may be, have taken the 
form of an outbreak against foreigners. 
The arrival of the Japanese troops avert- 
ed the threatened disorder and turned the 
leaders of this somewhat anarchistic 
movement, who had previously shown a 
leaning toward Japan, against the Japa- 

The interesting thing about this society 
is that no one ever knows anything about 
its organization. The French mission- 
ary inquired in vain of his Korean friends 
who were men in the community who be- 
longed to this society. They did not 

''But members of the society are work- 
ing in the community?" I asked. 

''Oh, yes, a great many of them." 

— Chicago Daily News. 



It has been said of Leo XIII, that "his 
name as a leader of Democracy deserves to 
take place with those of Cavour, in Italy, 
Gambetta in France, and Gladstone in Eng- 
land." Any one familiar with the careers of 
these three men, with whom Democracy was 
both a passion and a lifelong work, wonders 
what there is in the career of the late Pope 
which entitles him to be classed with the 
other three. 

Will future historians tell their readers 
that the Protestant Reformation was an at- 
tempt to crush the Republic of God? And 
will Rome be able to claim as her own the 

successes of those who struggled for lib- 
erty? Has the papacy become converted, 
being ready now to condemn the attempts 
of Philip II., of Spain, to subdue the patriots 
of the Low countries, and to canonize that 
peerless statesman and soldier, William of 
Orange? With the latter one is ready to 
class Cavour, Gambetta and Gladstone. Does 
Leo XIII. deserve a place among these? 
What has he done for Democracy to justify 
such praise? 

Democracy is based on the sovereignty of 
the people, who decide their own form of 
government and elect those officers who shall 
administer its affairs. The papacy is based 
on the sovereignty of the Pope, and the peo- 
ple have absolutely no voice in the admin- 
istration of church affairs, temporal or spir- 

Democracy educates the citizen for free- 
dom, trusting his judgment, confiding in his 
ability. Rome educates her members for 
submission, refusing the right of private 
opinion in religious matters, distrusting the 
ability of the people to manage their church 

When a Pope shall publicly advocate and 
practically strive for the application of dem- 
ocratic principles in his own affairs — laying^ 
aside, for instance, ' his claim of temporal 
sovereignty and endeavoring to establish a 
free Democracy in his territory — then one 
may believe that such a Pope is an inspiring: 
rather than a restraining leader of Democ- 
racy. — :New York Observer. 


'There Shall Be False Teachers Among You 
. . . and Many Shall Follow Their Per- 
nicious Ways." 2 Peter, Chap. 2. 

(B^'rom The Burning Busli. ) 
Members of St. Paul's Lodge, No. 124, F. 
and A. M., are holding a function this after- 
noon, which will be continued to-night. A 
special communication is being he'ld this aft- 
ernoon, at which the first section of the third 
degree is being conferred on four candi- 
dates. One of these is the Rev. Amos Nay- 
ior, and a unique feature is that all of the 
official stations are occupied by ministers, 
with the exception of that of worshipful mas- 
ter, which is filled by F. F. Irish, of Auburn 
Lodge. It had been expected that Rev. 
Horace W. Smith, of Jordan, would preside 
in the East, but illness at the Mst moment 
prevented. The other officers are: Rev. C. 
H„ Beebe, Port Byron, S. W.; Rev. L. J. 
Christler, Auburn, J. W.; Rev. A. Barry, Hol- 
land Patent, Treasurer; Rev. W. P. Garrett, 
Fleming, Secretary; Rev. G. A. Campbell, 
Auburn; Rev. H. W. Sanford, Seneca Castle,. 
Chaplains; Rev. P. J. Reigal. " Weedsport, 
Marshal; Rev> Cordello Herripk, Auburn, S. 

July. 19<J4. 


D.; Rev. John C. Nichols, Auburn, J. D.; 
Rev. Lee Roy Carl, Auburn, S. M. C; Rev. 
W. E. Lang, Cayuga, J. M. C; Rev. L. A. 
Pickett, Weedsport, S. S.; Rev. A. B. Mina- 
ker, Port Byron, J. S.; Rev. Frank Warner, 
Auburn, Tiler. 

This evening the second section will be 
conferred by the degree team of St. Paul's 
Lodge, and Rt Worshipful Charles M. Ad- 
ams, Weedsport, District Deputy Grand Mas- 
ter of the Thirtieth Masonic District of New 
York, will pay the lodge an otficial visit and 
will be tendered a reception. A banquet will 
complete the evening's program. 

All the stations in the lodge filled by 
ministers except one, and he was sick ! 
Ministers indeed ! Ministers of what ? 
Ministers seeking light in the East in- 
stead of from above! Ministers of Free 
Masonry instead of the Gospel ! Minis- 
ters of death instead of life ! Woe to the 
false shepherds ! 

Among the accursed, who sought a hiding 

In vain from fierceness of Jehovah's rage. 
And from the hot displeasure of the Lamb, 
Most wretched, most contemptible, most vile 
Stood the false priest, and in his conscience 

The fellest gnaw of the undying Worm. 
And so he might, for he had on his liands 
The blood of souls that would not wipe 

Hear what he was, He swore in sight of 

Ajid man, to preach his master, Jesus Christ; 
Yet preaoh'd himself; he swore that love of 

Alone had drawn him to church; yet strew'd 
The path that led to Hell With tempting 

And in the ear of sinners, as they took 
The way of death, he whisper'd peace; he 

Away all love of lucre, all desire 
Of earthly pomp, and yet a princely seat 
He liked, and to the clink of Mammon's box 
Gave most rapacious ear; his prophecies, 
He swore, were from the Lord; and yet 

taught lies 
For gain; with quackish ointment heal'd the 

And bruises of the soul outside, but left 
Within the pestilent matter, unobserved. 
To sap the moral constitution quite. 
And soon to burst again, incurable. 
He with untemper'd mortar daub'd the walls 
Of Zion, saying, Peace, when there was 

The man who came with thirsty soul to 

Of Jesus went away unsatisfied; 
For he anotiier gospel preached than Paul, 
And one that had no Savior in't. And yet 
His life was worse. Faith, charity, and love. 
Humility, forgiveness, holiness. 
Were the woi-ds well letter'd in his Sabbath 

creed ; 

But with his life he wrote as plain — re- 
Pride, tyranny, and lust of wealth and 

Inordinate, lewdness unashamed. 
He was a wolf in clothing of the lamb, 
That stole into the fold of God, and on 
The blood of souls which he did sell to death. 
Grew fat; and yet when any would have 

Him out, he cried: — Touch not the priest of 

And that he was anointed, fools believed: 
But knew that day he was the devil's priest: 
.anointed by the hands of Sin and Death, 
And set peculiarly apart to ill. — 
While on him smoked the vials of perdition 
Pour'd measureless. Ah me! what cursing 

Was heap'd upon his head by ruin'd souls. 
That charged him with their murder as he 

With eye of all the uuredeem'd most sad, 
Waiting the coming of the Son of Manl 
But let me pause, for thou hast seen his 

And punishment, beyond the sphere of love. 
— From Pollok's Coiu'so of Time. 


"From every sand hill of the desert of 
Massaghusetts, and from the arid wastes of 
some of the deserts beyond, the Ancient 
Arabic Nobles of the Mystic Shrine gathered 
in the oasis of Boston last night at the reg- 
ular session of Aleppo Temple. The ses- 
sion began at 6:30 in the evening, and by the 
time the last of the shriners had mounted 
his camel and started back to his tenting 
place, all had greeted with characteristic 
fervor the many nobles of their order. 

"There were about 2,000 or more of the 
shriners in Mechanics' Hall, where the ses- 
sion w^as held. Much business was trans- 
acted before the tents were folded. The de- 
grees of the order were worked on a class of 
18 with full ceremony. A banquet was 
served after the degree work. 

"Announcement was made that there has 
been a large sale of tickets for the theater 
party of Aleppo Temple at the Globe Thea- 
ter, Friday. May 13. The Temple has the 
whole theater for that night and the profits 
will go to defray the expenses for the Arab 
patrol of Aleppo Temple. Atlantic City, to 
take part in the prize drill at the annuai ses- 
sion of the imperial council. Arrangements 
are being made for a moonlight excursion 
down the harbor some time during the sum- 

This report taken from the Boston 
Herald of May 6, is incomplete inasmuch 
as it neglects to mention the flowing 
zem zem and the tents of Boston houris. 
How impressive must have been that 
eighteenfold grand salaam. 



July, lOOi. 

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Why I Left the Rebekah Lodge. 

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Why 1 Left the Masons. 

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Graciously Delivered 

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E. G. Wellesley- Wesley. 

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U HL, i .-"J.l i |i i i"g *Wf*^W" 

lyjodern, g ecret S ocieties 


President Wheaton College, Preiident National 
ChriJBtlan Association, ez-Fresldent Sabbath Asso- 
ciation of Illinois, etc. 

A brief treatise for busy people and apedally 
Intended for- ministers and teacbtrs. 

Part I.— Clearing Away the Brush. Part II.— 
Preemasoory, Next to the Jesuits, the Most Pow- 
erful of Secret Orders. Part III.— Related and 
Subsidiary Lodges. Part IV.— <?oncludlnf Chap- 

PART I.— Clearing Away the Brush. 

Chapter I.— Reason for Discussing the Snbject 
and for the Present Publication. 

Chapter II.— -Why Make Freemasonry, so Promi- 

Chapter III.— Is It Possible to Know What Se- 
cret Societies Are Without Uniting with Them? - 

Chapter IV.— If Evil, Why Do So Many Good Men 
Unite with Them? 

Chapter V.— Do Not Their Charities Prove Them 
to Be Helpful fo Men? 

Chapter VI.— If the Church Would Do Her Duty 
Would There, Be need for Lodges? 

Chapter VII. — Review of Topics Treated in 
Part 1. 

PART II. — Freemasonry; the Keystone of the 

Chapter I.— Freemasonry or Modem Idolatry. 

Chapter II.— The Ceremonies of the Lodge, or 
How is a Man Made a Mason. 

Chapter III.— Masonic Obligations, or the Lodge 
and Cirll Government. 

Chapter IV*— Freemasonry ^ind Woman, or the ! 
Lodge and the Homie. | 

Chapter V.— Higher Degrees. i 

Chapter VI.— The Higher Degrees Continued. 

Chapter VII.— Review of Part 11. 

PART IH.— Related and Subsidiary Organizations 
Chapter I.— Oddfellowshlp. jl 

Chapter JJ.— The Temperance Lodges. I 

Chapter III.— Insurance Lodges. [i 

Chapter IV.— Industrial Orders. i 

Chapter V.— Patriotic lodges. ! 

Chapter VI.— College Fraternities. 
Chapter VII.— Review of Part III. ' 

PART IV.— Concluding Chapters. I 

Chapter I.— The obligations of Secret Societies 
Net Masonic. 

Chapter 11.— The Testimonies of Seceders. 

Chapter in.— The Opinions of Great and Good 

Chapter IV.— What do Lodge Burials Teach? 

Chapter V.— Is the Struggle Against Lodglsm 

Chapter VI.— Does Testimony Against Lodglsm 
Injure Churches? 

Chapter VII.— The Duty of the Hour. 

300 pages; cloth, 75 cents; leather, $1.00. 

aai West Madison St., Chicago. 

Sermon on flasonry. i6 pages 

??•• ^/r.^^Y- i^'- P- ^'^IcNary, pastor' 
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Thirteen Reasons why a Chris- 
tian should not l>e a Freemason. 

By Rev. Robert Armstrong. i6 pa^cij, 

in the Coils; 


The Secret Lodge Conflict. 


Fourth Edition. Cloth Bound. 300 Paget. 
Siie 5x7 >i. Seat Postpaid for $uio. 

This is not so much a work of fiction as an 
historical narrative. 

When the first edition was published the 
Editor of the Cynosure said of it : 

"A charmlnj work, lit to be biassed with "Uncle 
Tom's Cabin." It Is Indeed less a work of flctlen. 
The whole group of actors and the principal erenti 
of the story are Hying realltlea, drawn to the Ufa; 
and the teachings of our great statesmen are m 
wotren Into the woof of the <:ale, that the Tolnme iM 
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able, truthful, and aB«fuK" 

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There Is nothing so Interesting to the hnmaa 
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tol, presents a wider range of experience in many 
I lines of thought «nd action, and a greiater variety 
i( of adventures than are often found concentrated to 
li a single human life. The book contains much that 
ii is amusing and Inspiring.— Rev. J. H. Fairchlld- 
;! D. D., President of Qberlin College. 

Rev. Sherlock Bristol now lives in Loa Angelee, 
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iintll lie had read It through; Address 


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^^^^^im,.^.!:!9.?'^^'^ I CONTENTS. 

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Folly, Expense and Danger 


Secret Societies. 

of Wheaton College. 

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Rev. A. J. Mack-^Portrait 98 

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Secret Societies in Our Schools 106 

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•Jesas answered him, — I spake openly to the world: aod in secret hare I said nothing.' John I8:"i0. 








221 West Madison St., Chicago 

Entered at the Post Office. Chicagt), 111., as second- 
cla£s matter. 

Teachers in our secular schools are 
converted to one-half the views advocated 
by the National Christian Association. It 
should require but little to convert them 
to the ether half. 

Ex-President ]^IcCosh of Princeton, 
President Elliott of Harvard and many 
other of our foremost instructors are in 
hearty sympathy with the basic principles 
for which our Association is the acknowl- 
eedged exponent. 

Teachers by the countless thousands 
have come to realize from, personal ob- 
servation the evils of secret orders in 
schools of the lower grades. Just as 
soon as these teachers come to know that 
secret orders are the foe of our universi- 
ties and colleges, they will become the 
staunchest allies of our Association. 


A Deputy of the French Chamber As-ks? Why 
the Order Is Not i^ubject to the Law of 
the Land. 

In the Chamber of Deputies ]\I. Prache 
asks why the Masonic societies were not 
compelled, like other societies, to pav 
their taxes and observe the law of 1901 
regarding the religious orders. 

During the discussion the ritual and 
ceremonv of the >.[asonic order were 

compared with those of the Catholic 
Church, yi. Prache declared that the 
governnient was dealing with the ^lason- 
ic order much more gently than with the 
religious societies. It is said that he 
touched the government in a tender spot, 
it being well known that the recent rig- 
' TGus persecution of the religious orders 
was inspired by the Freemasons. 

\\'e again print an extract on the eli'ect 
of secrecy on mind. This is taken from 
a standard educational work by Tames 
^IcCosh. D. D., LL. D.. one of the most 
distinguished teachers that this country 
has ever known. This extract should be 
thoroughly memorized because it answers 
the question how it is possible for other- 
wise good and peaceful neighbors and. 
citizens to maltreat and murder their 
friends and fellow- workmen. 

"T have noticed that those who have 
been trained in secret societies, collegiate 
or political, and in trades unions, like 
priests. Jesuits, thugs and ]^Iolly ^Ic- 
Guires, have their sense of right and 
wrong so perverted that in the interests 
of the body with which they have identi- 
hed themselves they will commit the 
most atrocious crimes, not only without 
compunction, but with an approving 
heart and with the plaudits of their asso- 

— "Psycho^og-y: the Motive Power.-, "' pag-e 214. 

The secular press of the day contain 
many illustrations of the truth of the 
above quotation. 

The Sluyririujj of Girls*.' 

"■\\'he!^. the livery drivers were picket- 
ing the homes of the bereaved, mobbing 
funerals and thro\\nng corpses into the 
street, people, says the Chicago Chronicle, 
wondered if it was possible even for labor 
strikers to do anything else as brutal as 


August, 1904. 

that. Some, however, will consider the 
outrages of the Franklin Union strikers 
just as bad. Within a few days these al- 
leged "men" have followed poor girls 
who had taken their places as pressfeed- 
ers to their homes and slugged them into 
insensibility in front of their own doors.'" 

— American Industries. 

The Murder of Miners. 

The following from the ''American 
Federalist," the organ of the American 
Federation of Labor, is another striking- 
illustration : 

'*''! was intimately acquainted with John 
Sharkey, the man who murdered the mine 
boss Williams, and no man in the range 
of my knowledge had more of my esteem 
up to that time than John Sharkey. His 
home was respectable and his wife an 
estimable, intelligent, worthy woman. 
But Sharkey was the man on whom the 
lot fell to kill the mine boss, and the fear- 
ful oath of the order bound every man 
to 3o the stern duty devolving upon him 
as the order might command. More than 
one hundred and fifty murders in three 
years in the Lackawanna, Schuylkill and 
Wyoming coal fields, and a strike that 
paralyzed the coal and iron business of 
;the whole State of Pennsylvania for one 
entire summer was a part of the mission 
of the dreaded order of the Molly Ma- 

As we write these words another strike 
with its attendant crimes against the per- 
sons and property of other working men 
is in full blast here in this city. 

Men and women enter these secret fra- 
ternities without the least suspicion of the 
effect that such fellowship will have upon 
their own mind. Hence the great re- 
sponsibility that rests upon the readers of 
the Cynosure to do all in their power to 
make known the important truths which 
the Cvnosure is placing in their hands. 

''Consult the record column; see for your- 
selves how 'loyally' the Sir Knights of New 
Jersey support the official paper of the order, 
then thank your lucky stars you are not an 
editor of a society journal. Think, then, of 
the first and last words in our motto, and at 
the next Castle session let there be a boom 
started for the Crusader." 

The ''motto" consists of the words 
'"Fidelity, Valor, Honor." Good words 
often get into bad company. 


Rev. J. A. Mack has been a member 
of the Board of Directors of the Na- 
tional Christian 'Association since 1902. 
He has been actively engaged in Chris- 
tian work for many years and is even 
now a busy man, but very gladly gives 
his services as needed to the work of 
our Association. He is and has been for 
twenty-one years General Secretary 
and Manager of the Chicago Bible 
Society. This society is more than 
sixty years old and has had at times as 
many as twenty workers in its Bible work 
department. Under his management the 
receipts of the society have increased 
from two thousand dollars to fourteen 
thousand dollars per annum. When the 
civil war broke . out Brother Mack was 
an active agent of the Christian Commis- 
sion, being stationed for a time at Helena, 
Ark. For the last ten years Mr. Mack 
has been actively interested in the Chinese 
of Chicago. There are several thousands 
of them, and here is an open door for edu- 
cational and Christian work. They are 
falsely accused and sent to prison and 
Mr. Mack bails them out ; they seek ad- 
vice in business and have learned where 
to go, and they are eager to learn and 
soon yield to kindly influence. Mr. Mack 
has for ten years conducted a Chinese 

August, H>04. 



Sunday school at the First Congregation- 
al Church. He is also president of the 
"Chinese Christian Union of Chicago, ' 
that has headquarters at 265 South Clark 
street. From fifty to a hundred China- 
men meet there on Sunday nights for 
■Chinese Christian Endeavor meeting, and 
for instruction ; there are also classes 
through the week. Mr. Mack's present 
wife is a physician and she treats the sick 
Chinese. Mr. and Mrs. Mack are one in 
this work, and with a band of noble 
Christian brethren and sisters as helpers 
are improving a God-given opportunity 
for good Samaritan and missionary serv- 

(Editor's Note. In giving a sketch of the mem- 
bers of the Board of Directors it is believed that 
your prayers for them will be stimulated. Their 
responsibilities in caring for the Avork of the Asso- 
ciation are greats and they give of their valuable 
time without remuneration to the interests of the 
cause. Pray for them. These sketches began in 
.the June, 1904, number of the Cynosure.) 


.Strikes are quite proi3er, only strike right; 

■Strike to some purpose, but not for a fight; 

Strike for your manhood, for honor and 

Strike right and left till you win a good 

Strilve for your freedom from all that is vile; 

Strike off companions who often beguile; 

Strike with the hammer, the sledge and the 

Strike off bad habits with troublesome tax; 

Strike out unaided, depend on no lodge; 

Strike without gloves, and with never a 

Strike off the fetters of fashion and pride; 

Strike where 'tis best, but let wisdom de- 

Strike a good blow while the iron is hot; 

Strike, and keep striking, till you hit the 
right spot. 

— Selected. 

1viasonic order the progenitor 
of most of the fraternities of 

Sprang from the Guilds of England — Greek- 
Letter Societies and Other Organizations. 

Out of nearly 300 existing- secret socie- 
ties in the United States there are hardly 
any which, in one way or another, may 
not be described as having descended 
from the Masonic fraternity, either by 
imitation, adaptation, by borrowing this 
or that feature or by paralleling it in one 
or more ways with respect to ritual or 
practice, says the New York Herald. 

The storv of how this has come about 

would form an interesting sociological 
chapter. No other feature of it falls more 
heavily on the attention than the fact that 
in the United States, the most demo- 
cratic nation in the world, secret socie- 
ties flourish more freely than an\-where 
else. No better evidence of it exists than 
that one-half of the Free Masons on the 
face of the globe are to be found in the 
United States, while 90 per cent of the 
Order of Odd Fellows are in America. 

In no other land than this are there 
hosts of secret orders whose members 
may be found everywhere, wearing but- 
tons or jewels bearing their insignia. 
We, as Americans— that is, some 6,000,- 
000 of us — seem to have fairly run secret 
society mad. 

Some Ramifications. 

And, as it was started out to explain, 
it is merely a species of ''Freemasonry," 
all the way down through the Odd Fel- 
lows, the Knights of Pythias, the Grand 
Army, the Red Men, yes, the Society of 
Tammany, the "A. P. x\.," the college 
Greek-letter fraternities, the Royal Ar- 
canum, the Woodmen, the Maccabees, the 
Foresters of several varieties, many of 
the labor organizations, even the Roman 
Catholic Knights of Columbus, as much 
if not more than the others, all the wa}- 
through the 300. 

Treemasonry itself, as it is known to- 
day, does not go back of the period 1717- 
1725. The remains of the Masonic 
(operative) guilds in England in the sev- 
enteenth century, just as are some labor 
unions here to-day, were secret organiza- 

They have no "degree" beyond that 
which was imparted to the candidates for 
membership, who received what was 
called the ''mason's word,'' a grip and 
some rigmarole formulae. In time, how- 
ever, these societies became sociological 
classics, and men of rank were glad to 
receive an honorary membership, partly 
in response to the interest taken in in- 
vestigating their antiquity, which was 
great, and because of their interest in the 
origin of a few alleged mysteries the 
guilds were said to contain. 

Joined the Craft. 

This was in the day when many Brit- 
ish and other European savants, anti- 
quarians and others were delving into 
Rosicrucianism, Gnosticism, cabalism, 



August, 1904. 

alchemy and the like, and when the 
philosopher's stone was an object of 
academic research, much as the lost 
fleece was alleged to be at an earlier date. 

Among the well-known Englishmen 
who were prominent late in the seven- 
teenth century as antiquarians was Elias 
Ashmole. He was niade a member of one 
of the operative "lodges" of "Freema- 
sons'" and induced some of his friends 
to take an. interest in what appeared to 
be one of the fads of that day. It soon 
became the popular thing for an English 
gentleman, and it was not many years 
before some of the effects of this exalted 
membership began to show themselves 
upon the ancient guild craft. 

In 1/ 17 there were remaining only four 
lodges in London, the rituals of which 
had been embroidered with the fanciful- 
ness of the antiquarian cult which had 
patronized the earlier operative "Free- 
masons," and it w^as from them, with the 
additional turrets and pinnacles placed 
upon that rudimentary Masonic edifice, 
as Ashmole and others found it, that 
Freemasonry conies down to us — that it 
went from England to the continent of 
Europe, to Scotland, Ireland, America 
and throughout the world. 

Order Reaches America. 

But it was when the three degrees, two 
of them superimposed with the host of 
so-called Scottish — but really French — 
adornments, reached the British colonies 
in America late in the eighteenth century 
that the work of propagation began which 
has expanded until there are here to-day 
more than 300' systems of little Free- 
masonry, each with its signs, grips, pass- 
words, its rituals, its legends, its lessons 
of virtue and morality and charity, its 
obligations, its symbols, insignia -and all 
the rest. 

Ashmole and his confreres and follow- 
ers were not slow to superimpose .upon 
the simple Masonic initiatory ceremonies 
much that was appealing to the mystics 
among the upper classes of their time, 
and to that fact was due, no doubt, the 
vogue that was secured to Freemasonry 
betw^een 1660 and 1725 among the titled 
classes in the united kingdom. From that 
it was only a step in forming ^lasonic 
lodges by British diplomatic attaches and 
bv officers of the British army and navy 

at metropolitan centers throughout the 

Ritual of Masonry. 

In the various Masonic lectures to this 
day the student may discover appropria- 
tions O'f not only Old Testament history 
afid ethics, but of Pythagorism, gnosti- 
cism and modern philosophies. The rit- 
uals of the primitive three degrees have 
retained touches from the mediaeval 
working-men's guilds and the Roman 
builders, the third degree being unique 
by embodying an epitome of what are 
classed as the ancient niysteries, the 
Royal Arch degree— originally a part of 
the third degree— exhibiting much of 
cabalism, and the Scottish Rite, so-called, 
of Rosicrucianism, Templary, Maltaism 
and the Christian ritual. No especial 
reference to Knight Templary ot to the 
Knights of Malta, as such, is needed, as 
those branches of the American IMasonic 
rite are palpably borrowed from the al- 
leged Scottish degrees or grades. 

So much for where Freemasonry comes 

Modern Freemasonry. 

Just as the aristocratic Society of the 
Cincinnati, when formed by Washington 
and his generals at the close of the revo- 
lution, was followed and rivaled by a 
democratic patriotic organization, the 
various societies of Tamina, or Tam- 
many, of which we have a relic in New 
York, and, unknown to many of its mem- 
bers, a progeny in the Improved Order of 
Red Men, so the spread of modern Free- 
masonry in England after 1725 was fol- 
lowed by the rise and growth of the more 
democratic Odd Fellows, the Druids, the 
Foresters and other "friendly'' societies, 
all of which imitated the fraternal and 
charitable features of the Freemasons, 
the King Solomon legend of the latter 
giving way to that of David and Jona- 
than for the Odd Fellows, to the tradi- 
tions of the Druids and to the romance 
woven about Robin Hood and Friar Tuck 
for the Foresters. 

So it has been in nine out of ten of the 
secret society parallels all along down the 

The leaders among the 300 or more 
living secret orders lend themselves as 
descendants of Freemasonry to a classi- 
fication into three groups. • 


August. li>04. 



1. Occult and philosophical, the latter 
including the fraternal Greek letter or 
college societies. 

2. The ''friendly,'*' and, drawn from 
them, the mutual benefit assessment or- 
ders which are so popular as furnishing 
a cheaper form of life insurance or "pro- 

3. Specialized secret societies, some of 
them utilitarian: organizations seeking 
specific objects other than devotion to 
charity and fraternity, as such, by means 
of the machinery of the average secret 

Occult Fraternities. 

In the fraternities grouped under the 
head of occult the purposes in the main 
are the study of the mystical : the}' sug- 
gest a Swedenborg as founder ; their 
membership is not large and little of their 
doings is ever made public. 

Their significance in this connection 
comes home quickest to the Freemason 
who has attained the higher degrees. In 
their rituals, degrees and lectures he 
finds them magnifying and emphasizing 
one or another of the features of some of 
the ^Masonic high degrees. 

\\'eishaupt's Illuminati, a secret sect 
formed in Germany about the time of the 
close of the war of the revolution in this 
country, was a schismatic, philosophical 
Masonic cult, and from it, as it is be- 
lieved, was taken much that characterized 
earlier Phi Beta Kappa, the prototype of 
the long string of college Greek letter 
fraternities, of which Alpha Delta Phi, 
Psi Upsilon, Delta Kappa Epsilon, Kap- 
pa Alpha, Sigma Phi, Beta Theta Pi, Chi 
Psi and Zeta Psi are among the earlier 
and more prominent followers. In near- 
ly all of them the thumb-marks of Free- 
masonry are plainly discerned. 

Reference has been made to the earlier 
''friendly" societies, the Odd Fellows, 
, Foresters and Druids. Patterned after 
them and their ]^Iasonic decorations, with 
subsequent additions, are the Red ^len, 
the American Order of Hibernians, the 
Knights of Pythias, with its legend of 
Damon and Pythias : the so-called An- 
cient and Illustrious Order of the Knights 
of ]\Ialta, which is not ancient, however 
illustrious it may be, and which, either 
known or unknown to all but its found- 
ers, is merely the offspring of Templar, 

Malta and other Freemasonr\ ; the Elks, 
modeled on the Shrine attachment to 
Freemasonry, and others which it is not 
necessary to enumerate. 

Fraternal Insurance. 

The American utilitarian, not to say 
commercial, spirit was not slow to evolve 
the modified form of a mutual assessment 
insurance society from the "friendly" or- 
ganizations which came to us from Eng- 
land, through the Odd Fellows, Forest- 
ers and Druids, the earliest having been 
founded back in the "60$ by a Freemason, 
the Ancient Order of United Workmen, 
so "IMasonic"' without being l^reemasonry 
as to amaze if not repel the Freemason 
who is received into it. 

Following in its train there have been 
formed nearly 200 similar insurance se- 
cret orders, one-half of Avhich have 
withered financially, or are withering, 
and more than 100 of which are actively 
alive, some of them ver}- much so. 
Among the better known and more pros- 
perous are the Royal Arcanum, the 
Knights of Honor, the Woodmen, the 
Knights of the ^laccabees, the Independ- 
ent Order of Foresters, various Hebrew 
secret fraternal assessment orders, several 
negro fraternities of like character and 
the short-term assessment societies. 

The earlier Sons of Liberty and Sons 
of Tamina or Tammany of revolutionary 
davs were Freemasons. The "Indians" 
who threw the tea overboard in Boston 
harbor were members of a ^lasonic lodge 
which had just closed to make the raid. 

—Chicago Daily News. July 11, 19«>4. 

Miuister Duly and Truly Prepared to Take 
Master Mason's Degree. 



August, 1904. 


Kvil Abounds, Let Praise Abound. 

Dear Friends : "But when these things 
begin to come to pass, lift np >our heads 
because your redemption draweth nigh." 
These words are found in the twenty-first 
chapter of Luke, the 28th verse. Our Lord 
had been telling his disciples of the woes 
which were coming on the world. It 
would be quite natural that such informa- 
tion should produce in their minds, agi- 
tation and distress. Of conre he knew 
that this w^ould be the effect, and so he 
charges them to lift up their heads and 
rejoice, finding in the wars and rumors of 
wars, captivities, signs in the Heaven and 
signs in the earth, distress of nations and 
perplexity, the sinking of men's hearts 
and the coming of the Lord, the assur- 
ance of their glorious and final triumph. 

Rejoice, the "Last Times" Are Now. 

There are two extremes concerning 
prophecy. Some persons dwell upon it 
so largely and dogmatize respecting its 
interpretation so that they bring it into 
disrepute. Another, and a much larger 
class, neglect it entirely and thus fail both 
of its warnings and encouragements. I 
think all Bible students agree that we are 
now, and have been for years, in that 
period called the "Last Times." Some 
students have thought that this expres- 
sion signifies the period between the first 
and the second coming of our Lord. 
Whether this be true or not, it is certain 
that John, by the Holy Spirit, taught that 
the church in his day was living in "Last 
Times," and there is no reason, of which 
I know, for supposing that that period is 
yet closed. It is certain that signs of the 
'■'Last Times" abound, and this fact 
should lead us to a lowly walk with God 
and a great and joyful confidence as to 
the triumph of truth. . 

When Evil Culminates Righteousness Enters. 

I do not know why, but it seems to be 
a fixed principle in the Divine adminis- 

tration that evil must culminate in order 
that a new age of righteousness may 
come in. When Pharaoh becomes an un- 
endurable oppressor, Moses appears. 
When Belshazzar rises to the summit of 
blasphemy, the Medes are at the gates. 
When Napoleon imagines himself the 
maker and unmaker of kings and princes,. 
Wellington and Waterloo are at the door. 
When American slavery, in its cruelty 
and pride, claims the continent, it loses 
the portion of it which it had possessed. 

All of these illustrations should en- 
courage us in this day and lead us to re- 
double our efforts. While Freemasonry,, 
which: is the mother of modern secret so- 
cieties, is so discredited that no one will, 
attempt a justification of its ceremonies 
and oaths, will scarcely even apologize, 
for them, and while spiritually-minded 
Christians are coming out fromx the or- 
ganization by scores and hundreds every 
year, the tireless, sleepless demons are 
planting other secret societies, differing a 
little in name, in ritual, in regalia, but 
identical in spirit and purpose. Into these 
so-called "lesser" secret organizations, 
hundreds of thousands of men are being; 
drawn, thousands of women, bewitched 
by the love of display and authority, are 
following in their footsteps, and most 
marvelous of all, numbers of ministers 
are giving public addresses which, while 
they do not attempt to justify the lodges 
in their essential characteristics, speak in. 
an apologetic way concerning them. The 
churches are robbed of their young men,, 
prayer meetings are empty, cold, and 
dead, the political influence of the church- 
es in the towns where they exist is so 
small that oftentimes men of the basest 
type occupy the highest positions, and yet 
religious leaders do not seem able to un- 
derstand what the forces are which are 
producing these evil results. 

Rejoicing Without Works Is Dead. 

There are days when we should lift up 


August. 11»04. 



our heads and rejoice, because the time 
of our redemption draws nigh. That is, 
we should utter the truth by day and 
night, in season and out of season, by all 
means rescuing some. Schools, churches, 
newspapers, social gatherings, all should 
be used to disseminate the truth. "Cry 
aloud, spare not, lift up thy voice like a 
trumpet, and show my people their trans- 
gression and the house of Jacob their 
sin." Instead of being discouraged by 
the prevalence of evil that very fact is an 
occasion of hope. God will never be de- 
feated and when the enemy comes in like 
a flood His spirit will lift up a standarJi 
against him. 

"So Far as I Have Gone It Is Consistently 

The first time a man enters the ]\Ia- 
sonic Lodge, he swears under penalty of 
having his throat cut across; the second. 
time, he swears under penalty of having 
his heart and vitals taken out ; the third 
time he swears under penalty of having 
his body cut in two, his bowels burned to 
ashes in the center, and these ashes scat- 
tered on the four winds of Heaven. In 
these organizations good men and bad 
men are yoked in unequal fellowship. The 
name of Jesus Christ is excluded from 
the prayers and scripture readings of the 
orders, yet men who belong to the church 
look us in the face and tell us that "So 
far as they have gone they have not found 
anything whatever in them which is in- 
consistent with the Christian religion." 

Knights Templars drink wine out of a 
human skull and invoke a double damna- 
tion on their souls as a pledge of fidelity 
to the order, and ministers tell us that 
Knight Templarism is "Christian" Ala- 
sonry. These horrible blasphemies will 
produce their legitimate results. Those 
who are willing to be deceived and de- 
stroyed will be deceived and destroyed, 
but those who are led by the Holy Spirit 
will go out from among them and be 
separate. They will touch not the un- 

clean thing. God will receive them and 
be a father to them, and they will be his 

I had recently a letter from a dear 
friend, a minister, who has been entrap- 
ped by Masonry. He recently made an 
address at the opening of a Masonic tem- 
ple about which I had remonstrated widi 
him. He tells me that the members of 
this lodge had been by him led into the 
church and, though he does not say so, I 
infer that he thinks his lodge relations en- 
abled him to influence them toward the 
Savior. Yet after his address that same- 
night in the same hall or temple, the' 
lodge had a dance. How long it lasted,, 
what its moral and religious effects were, 
men who know W'hat dances are can tell, 
"they sat down to eat and drink and rose 
up to play." This as the order of exer- 
cises when Aaron established his calf- 
idolatry at Horeb, and it is the order of 
idolatrous festivals ever since. 

With Christian love let us witness 
against all the anti-Christian festival*;. 
A\^hether men will hear or forbear our 
duty is plain. God will care for our testi- 
mony. Men will be saved by it constant- 
ly — some will be kept from ever entering 
lodges and others who have assumed their 
obligations will be delivered — so let us. 
press on. Fraternally yours, 

Charles A. Blanchard. 

He who is not willing to do is not 
worthy to win; for winning comes by 
doing and willingness to do shows worth- 
iness to win. 

Vision is not always dependent upon 
altitude. We can see farther from our 
knees with our eyes shut than from our 
steeples with our eyes open. 

Childhood is the time of danger as 
well as the time of hope. The corn that 
is frost-bitten in the spring bears no 
golden ears to the day of the ingather- 



August. 1904. 




Come out from clubs, societies, 

Political or wJiat? 
Associations— unions. 

Wherever God is not. 
Where Jesus is not •'Master." Lord. 

Or where His name's disowned. 
Where •'science,'' vain philosophy. 

Or ••reason" C?) sits enthroned. 

Come out from secret lodges, with 

Their "obligations," "oaths." 
To unknown chiefs, conspirators 

For aught the swearer knows. 
Allegiance from the Christian 

Is due to God as King. 
To Christ, the Church, the family; 

••Touch not the unclean thing!" 

Come out from -every business w^hich 

May do thy neighbor wrong. 
The noxious vreed, the mingled cup, 

The gamblers* den and throng. 
From those who scoff at things divine 

And heed not sound reproof; 
Let those that name the name of Christ 

From all such stand aloof. 

Of ••universal brotherhood" — 

The tempter's sutble snare: 
A brotherhood with Satan's brood — 

Let sons of God beware! 
How can there be communion 

To one in Christ baptized 
With unbelievers, infidels. 

With Belial and Christ'? 

'•Come out and be ye separate 

And touch no unclean thing"; 
Stand forth for truth and righteousness, 

Which life eternal brings; 
And God, v,'ho made the universe. 

Can help and will receive 
\nd be a Father unto all 

Who on His Word Ijelieve. 


Maccabees Accept New T?ates. 

Toronto, Ont., June 30. — (Special.) — 
A mass meeting of Knights of the Mac- 
cabees agreed to a- proposition on the new 
rates made b)* Stipreme Commander 
Markey of Port Huron, Mich. The re- 
rating will be accepted as "of the age en- 
try," not ''of attained age." A special 
levy of 14 cents a month will be made on- 
each member to make up arrears. 

What Testis did his people may safely 

The Secret Foe. 


All forms of Sabbath breaking are rep- 
rehensible, and those indulged in by pro- 
fessing Christians are especially to be 
deplored ; but an army is mo^re to^ be 
dreaded than a single enemy, and in se- 
cret societies we find an organized army 
composed O'f Christians (processed) and 
with them men and women profane and 
wicked,, some rich and respectable ( ?) 
and others barely able to pay dues, an 
army, working sometimes openly, often 
covertly, but constantly ignoring and 
profaning the holy rest day. 

Sunday funerals, with a parade in re- 
galia, frequently with a band accompany- 
ing, is oiie way lodges have of advertis- 
ing themselves at the expense of public 
order and Sabbath quiet. 

Then the custom has prevailed, espe- 
cially in cities, of lodges choosing some 
mian-appointed festival — Masons choose 
Easter,' the G. A. R. the last Sabbath in 
May, the Modern 'Woodmen of America 
the first Sabbath in June ; and they march 
wdth more or less parade tO' some church 
whose pastor and officers are willing to 
prostitute Gold's ho'Use and day to lodge 
aggrandizement. They profess to go to 
worship. "The Lord looketh on the 
heart." A few clippings from papers of 
recent date will reveal the real animus of 
their meetings. 

"Next Sunday morning the Odd Fellow 
fraternity, including the Rebekahs of Viro- 
qua and vicinity, will wors'hip as a body a.t 
the Congregational Church. The pastor will 
speak on the subject 'Our Flesh and Blood 
Neighbor.' In the evening the second ad- 
dress on histonic Johns will be given — John 
Knox — -the savior of Scotland." 


Will be Held in Tacoma Theater on Sunday 

Evening Next. 

•'The Tacoma Elks have a-rranged to hold 
inemorial services in the Tacoma Theater 
on Sunday evening next. Judge Chapman 
will deliver the eulogy and Dr. A. L. 
Hutchinson will deliver the inemoTial ad- 
di-ess. A fine musical prografii has been 
prepared for the occasion. 

••The membership of the Elks in Tacoma 
is now about 500 and the seating capacity 
of the theatelr is 1.200. Each member of 
the Elks will be furnished with three tickets, 
which may be given to any persons that the 
meml)er should like to have " attend. On 
Fridav and Saturday these tickets may be 

August, 11>04. 



presented at the box office at the theater 
and reserved seat checks will be issued." — 
Tacoma Daily. 

•'Rev. in his efforts to reach the 

jiien folks of the town some time since 
preached a sermon on Fellowship to the 
Odd Fellows in Nelig'h, Neb., who attended 
the church in a body. The sermon so pleased 
the members of the order that the next 

morning- in Mr. 's absence they tilled 

his house, and on his return presented him 
with a beautiful silver service of eleven 
pieces, gold-lined, on one of ^rhich Avas in- 
scribed the emblem of the order with the 
word •Fellowship.* "' — Advance. 

••Some time since a bill was presented in 
the New Ilampshire legislature forbidding 
secret societies " from 'holding their meetings 
on the Saibbath, but it failed to pass." — 
Home Light 

And the Voice of Masonry puts on an in- 
nocent expression, and says: 

•'And why not allow lodge meetings on 
the Christian Sabbath? Ma sonde lodges are 
dedicated to "God and opened in His holy 
name. The accepted definition of Free- 
masonry is: •A beautiful system of morals, 
veiled in allegory. " There is nothing in our 
rituals, known to this camiiiittee, that is 
improper to be used on the Lord's Day; if 
there w^as, we would advocate its elimina- 
tion. Now, v.'hy is it improper to open a 
lodge in the name of God upon His own day, 
and impart to a seeker after light our in- 
structions in friendship, morality and 
brotherly love? Can it be i\ desecration of 
the Sabbath to teach temperance, brotherly 
love, relief and truth, "while lifting our heart 
in supplicating prayer to God and reading 
His holy Book? If the Churches of certain 
denominations may hold business meetings 
on the Sabbath, and not be charged with 
irreverence, why may not Masonic lodges 
meet on the same day for the purpose of 
education in ]norality and brotherly love?" 

It is only a step, of course, from regular 
meetings to receptions, and we are not sur- 
prised to read that: 

"Tacoma Aerie, No. 3, F. O. E., on to- 
morrow evening, Sunday, April 6, 1902, will 
tender a reception and give a social in 
honor of our worthy Grand Secretary and 
other Grand Aerie officers w^ho will be pres- 
ent, at its hall at 7:.30 in the evening. All 
Eagles are invited." 

Or this, also from Tacoma: 

There will be a call meeting of Hive No. 1 
at 3 p. m. Sunday, in iMaccabees' Hall. 
Rhodes Bros, has been selected as headquar- 
ters for our committee, where they will dis- 
perse tickets and c(7llect money for the 
military burlesque to be given in Lyceum 
Theater Miarch 5th. 

"Cora L. Jolly, 'Commander." 

Or the following from a Chicago daily: 

••A meeting for reorganization of the local 
and outside lodges of the Home Forum 
Benefit Order has b':^en called for Sunday 
at the Sheraian House." 

The road from a mongrel worship to 
debauchery and dissipation is sometimes 
shorter, sometimes longer, btit it is al\va}s 

Aaron proclaimed "a feast to the Lord" 
and "the people sat down'" to observe a 
religiotis man-appointed festival ; but 
"rose up to play" and there followed 
music and dancing and revelry ; "and 
there fell of the people that day about 
three thousand men" as -a result of their 

The Masons "and Grand Army of the 
Republic, the two secret orders which set 
the fashion of parading one day annually 
in the church, are accustomed to arrange 
their triennial conclaves and grand en- 
campments so that the traveling mav be 
done as much as possible on Sunday. .\ 
few^ years ag"o w'hen the G. A. R. met Lit 
Pittsburg the secular papers stated that 
"there were more arrivals (of delegates) 
on the Sabbath than on any other day.'* 
Later a G. A. R. encampment was held 
in Washington, D. C., and "from earlv 
morning until late at rxight on Sabbath 
train loads were arriving, bands playing 
and banners fiying." The Los Angeles 
Herald, about a year ago, gave a long 
account of how 250 "TNlystic Shriners 
w^ith their ladies" made a Sabbath tour 
of the San Gabriel valley with nine big 
tally-hoes. The Herald said : 

••The royal caravan of Imperial Potentate 
Winsor has come and gone, and that Allah 
may attend and look after them on their 
pilgrimage through the San .Joaquin valley 
is the prayer of every true believer in the 
local Moslemite push!'" 

During the Knights Templars' con- 
clave in Chicago some years ago, the dens 
of infamy were taxed to their titmost to 
accommodate these "defenders of the 
Christian faith," ( ?) and Alilwatikee 
brewers were barely able to supplv 
enough beer to satisfy their demands. 

Later Washington, Boston, Denver 
and other cities have in turn been de- 
moralized by the dissipation which is al- 
ways in evidence while the conclaves last. 

Nevertheless, 'let the earth rejoice. 
"Satan knoweth that he hath but a short 
time, and the time draws near when He 
who in secret said nothing," the "Lord 
of the Sabbath day" shall return an<l 
reign on the earth. 

Wdieaton, 111. 



August. 1904. 


For months the secular papers of Chi- 
V ago and elsewhere have abounded in un- 
favorable comment upon secret societies 
and their disastrous effects in high 
schools. Like scarlet fever, smallpox an^l 
the rashes, the phobia for school frater- 
nities seems to have become epidemic. 

With surprising unanimity the Boards 
of Education, the school superintendents, 
principals and teachers have set their 
seals of disapproval upon these secret 

That the Greek-letter fraternities and 
other secret orders should meet with 
popular approval in our universities and 
colleges and receive the indorsement of 
many distinguished educators, and at the 
same time be condemned in our high 
schools seems at least a bit incongruous. 

There is but one year's difference be- 
tween a senior in the high school and a 
freshman in college, and it will be 'diffi- 
cult for the ordinary reader of the 
Cynosure to see that a secret society is 
an unmixed evil for the one and a good 
to be commended in the other. 

Of course, the National Christian As- 
sociation wisely maintains that both are 
alike evil. 

While we congratulate our educators 
for having discovered the demoralizing 
effects of secret orders in our higli 
schools, we trust they may pursue their 
process of investigation until they be- 
come convinced that the objectionable 
features of secrecy in our high schools 
apply with even greater force to schools 
of a higher grade. 

These instructors, who are a great 
moral force in our land, have come to rec- 
ognize, in part, the truth of the principles 
for which the National Christian Asso- 
ciation stands, and it should be our aim 
to present them with facts for their con- 
sideration that will convince them of the 
further truths we advocate. 

To accomplish this we need a care- 
fully prepared booklet to place in the 
hands of our leading educators. We al- 
ways look to our President in such an 
emergency, and seldom if ever look in' 

The President will undertake the prep- 
\ration of such a volume as soon as the 

Publication Committee of the Association 
is able to defray the expense. It will re- 
quire $i,ooo to issue the first edition. 

For the many years with which I have 
been identified with the National Chris- 
tian Association there has never been 
such a strategic opportunity for advanc- 
ing the cause of anti-secrecy as the pres- 
ent affords. The Association is handi- 
capped and powerless to take advantage 
of this opportunity for the lack of money. 

How can this $i,ooo be raised? 
Among the readers of the Cynosure there 
are men and women likewise who have 
means at their disposal and are waiting 
only to know just where it will do the 
greatest possible amount of good. There 
should be at least four who will give to 
this cause $ioo each, making $400; as 
many more $50 each, making $200 ; there 
shoidd be at least eight who will con- 
tribute $25 each, making $200; most 
certainly ten will volunteer to give $10 
each, making $100 ; another ten will give 
$5 each, making $50 ; and fifty will be 
more than glad to give $1 each, making 
$50, thus ensuring a total of $1,000. 

Let these pledges be sent in promptly 
to Editor W. L Phillips, 221 West Madi- 
son street, Chicago,* payable only on con- 
dition the volume is issued, and the Pub- 
lication Committee will place a copy of 
this convincing booklet in the hands of 
many prominent educators within the 
next ninety days. 

J. M. Hitchcock, Sec'y, 
Board of Directors National Christian 



The so-called Religious Education 
Association, of which President William 
Rainey Harper is the father and control- 
ler, has held another convention, this 
time in Philadelphia. Among the visit- 
ing delegates were quite a number of 
men and women, prominent in educa- 
tional work, and a few editors, publish- 
ers and pastors. Three-fourths, if not 
nine-tenths, of these persons are rational- 
ists. They do not believe the Bible is 
the Word of God, and consequently deny 
its authority. Under the plea for re- 
ligious education they are seeking to 
propagate their rationalistic" and infidel 


August, 1904. 



views of the Bible. They have succeeded 
in large measure in capturing most of the 
•colleges and universities of the land, and 
some of the theological seminaries. Also 
some Sabbath schools and a few Young 
Men's Christian Associations. Their 
chief aim, at the present, is to gain con- 
trol of the Sabbath schools of the coun- 
try. They discredit the work 'Of the In- 
ternational Sabbath School Convention 
.and Lesson Committee, and charge the 
xhurch boards with commercialism, be- 
cause they refuse to turn over to them 
their publishing interests. They cast 
contempt upon the intelligence of the 
great army of cultured and devoted Sab- 
bath school workers of the past, and bold- 
-ly assume intellectual and religious su- 
periority. No greater calamity could be- 
fall the church than to allow this self- 
constituted and irresponsible organiza- 
tion to give direction to the teaching in 
-our Sabbath schools. Paid teachers, edu- 
cated in their schools, teaching rational- 
istic and infidel views of the Bible, must 
inevitably result in secularizing the Sab- 
bath schools of the church. The Uni- 
versity of Chicago, where this business 
has had full swing for years, is a con- 
spicuous example. The religious atmos- 
phere in Harvard University, a Unitarian 
school, is every whit as good, if not bet- 
ter, than in Dr. Harper's own school, 
which has progressed so far, under the 
advanced learning and methods of the 
Religious Education Association, as to 
have gotten entirely out of sight of the 
Baptist Church, which it repudiates, in 
its arrogant claims to have outgrown all 
•churches. There were a few men in the 
convention who were not in sympathy 
with the object and claims of the asso- 
ciation. Ex-President Moss (Baptist), 
among other things, expressed himself 
thus : 

*T am not prepossessed in favor of' 
this movement. I don't take much stock 
in this talk of the twentieth century be- 
ing ahead of other centuries in the Chris- 
tian education of the young. I think the 
church was just as much interested in 
young people fifty years ago as it is to- 

"Now, if the leaders of this movement 
undertake to prove that this training of 
'Children in the Sabbath school is a mat- 

ter of mathematics and physiology 
they've undertaken to prove too much.' 
There's poison in the pot. 

-The Word and the Work. 



Its Position on Secret Societies and Why It 
Is Maintained. 

The denomination to which I belong, 
the Reformed Presbyterian Church, U. 
S. A., assumes and maintains a simple 
and easily understood position — namely, 
of pronounced disfavor toward secret so- 

In our Declaration and Testimony, p. 
213, we find: ''Christians should walk 
in the light. Their doctrines, their pur- 
poses and manner of life, their rules of 
action and conduct, should not be con- 
cealed. The formation of secret associa- 
tions for the prosecution of ends, however 
good professedly, is inconsistent with the 
requirements of Christian principle." 

1 Thess. 5:5: "Ye are all tlie children of 
light, and the children of the day; we are 
not of the night, nor of darkness." Math. 
5:14: "Ye are the light of the world." 
(Acts 26:4; John 3:20, 21.; 

Our church is often designated as the 
Covenanter Church, because we believe 
in public covenanting, and we practice 
it. Our church -in 1871 swore to and 
subscribed a' covenant at the meeting of 
our Synod at Pittsburg, Pa. This sen-- 
ice was engaged in under very solemn 
circumstances. Bearing upon the mat- 
ter before us the following language is 
used : 

"We reject all systems of false reli- 
gion and will-worship, and with these all- 
forms of secret oath-bound societies and 
orders, as ensnaring in their nature, per- 
nicious in their tendency and perilous to 
the liberties of both Church and State ; 
and pledg-e ourselves to pray and labor 
according to our power, that whatever is 
contrary to godliness may be removed, 
and the Church beautified with universal 
conjormity to the law and will of her 
divine Head and Lord." 

In following out these declarations of 
principle our church has maintained a 
constant practice of lifting up her testi- 
mony against the societies and excluding 
from her membership all members of se- 
cret societies. 



August, 1904. 

\\'e believe that every Christian de- 
nomination shonldtake this same posi- 
tion and fohoAv this same practice, for 
hv so doing- the}- wonld be kept from 
partaking of other men's sins (i Tim. 
^■.22). We partake of other men's sins 
bA- silence when we ought to speak, b}^ 
inaction when we ought to act. 

\A'e hold this position because ( i ) the 
spirit and principles of secretism are con- 
trary to the spirit of Christ and the 
principles of His holy religion. Jesus on 
His trial declared that He ever spoke 
openly to the world and in secret said 
nothing (John 18:20). He declared 
Himself to be the light of the world. In 
Him is no darkness at all. We are ex- 
horted to walk in the light. Christians 
are announced by Jesus to be the light of 
the world. Now all this is contrary to 
the methods and spirit of secrecy. 

It is contrary to the spirit of Christ m 
that the spirit of secretism is a spirit of 
selfishness. A prominent Freemason in 
an article in the North American Review 
says: "The broad, rich acres of man's 
selfishness are nowhere more carefully 
fertilized, tended, tilled and reaped than 
in the lodge room." Why should we ar- 
gue a matter which is thus conceded? 
Now unselfishness is a fundamental ele- 
ment of the religion of Jesus Christ, 
grandly illustrated by our Divine Master. 
He who thought it not robbery to be 
equal w^ith God made himiself oi no repu- 
tation and took upon himi the formi of a 

The general position can be maintained 
that secretism rejects Jesus Christ Himi- 
self. In all their religious doings and 
professions they leave out Jesus Christ 
and His atoning work. This can be 
shown in detail. 

(2) W> hold this position because se- 
cretism is contrary to the interests of the 
souls of men. This naturally follows. 
Members of these societies are often 
heard to say, "My society is religion 
enough for me." The answer made by 
advocates of secret societies is that that 
man speaks ignorantly. But I reply that 
many of these secret societies teach him, 
this very thing and most others leave it 
as a clear implication that if he is faith- 
ful to the principles of his order he is a 
saved man. This can be verified by abun- 

dant quotations from the manuals and 
handbooks and other writings of the se- 
cret societies. 

(3) We hold this position because the 
demands of secret societies upon men is 
an affront to their manhood. This comes 
to view in this constant circumstance in 
secret society methods. A man to become 
a member must before initiation give 
promise to conceal that of which he 
knows nothing. This is enough to stamp 
it as a dishonoring society. This is 
vacating the right of private judgment.. 
He must enter this position on the as- 
surance and judgment of somebody else. 
This is always confusing and lowers the 
manhood and corrupts the morals at the 
fountain head. Many are thus slaves 
and know it not. But one says, the se- 
cret societies could not exist if they did 
not do that ! That may be true ; but it is 
also true that it is not necessary for se- 
cret societies to exist ; but it is necessary 
for men to retain their manhood, their 
integrity, their responsibility. 

{4) We hold this position because the 
presence of secret 'societies is a menace 
to good government. 

In a republic especially are secret so- 
cieties out of place. They are a menace 
to good government because their meth- 
ods at once throw them open to suspicion. 
Many occurrences in our land give proof 
that this suspicion is not unfounded. It 
has been truly said that in our cotmtry, 
and it is worthy of frequent repetition, 
''A good cause can be served as well by 
open as by secret methods ; an evil pur- 
pose can be served better by secret meth- 
ods." Therefore, why employ secret 
methods ? 

Further, good government is menaced 
by these associations because they inter- 
fere with the securing of justice in our 
courts. The court is a vital element in 
our civil fabric. Corrupti6n here is more 
damaging to the State than in any other 
sphere. Anything which interferes with 
just findings here is dangerous to the 
State and to the citizens. The" obligations 
members of these societies take upon 
themiselves for one another open the way 
for this perversion of justice. The prax:- 
tical result has been in accordance with 
these obligations. Hence we. find this in- 
fluence in every sphere. 


August. 1004. 



(5) We hold this position because 
these societies are expensive. This same 
Masonic writer in the North American 
Review says : "For mere personal grati- 
fication, aside from any real or imaginary 
benefits, the members of the various se- 
cret organizations in the United States 
spend annually in costly banquets, elab- 
orate uniforms and other wholly unnec- 
essary expenses connected with the fra- 
ternities, not less than $250,000,000." 
After spending all this with no adequate 
return, where are those large sums to be 
expended in. charity for the widows and 
orphans ? Who has the lion's share ? "It 
is paying too dear for the whistle." 

(6) For these and many other reasons 
we hold this position and testify con- 
stantly against these societies. It is a 
matter of gratification that so many other 
■denominations and individual congrega- 
tions and ministers and people hold with 
us practically the same position. It is a 
matter of grief to us that sO' many de- 
nominations take no positive position in 
this important matter, that so many min- 
isters and other leaders of thought fail 
to apply Bible truth to this evident 
menace to society, church and State, that 
so many members of Christian churches 
join these societies, and that so many 
ministers lead in this dangerous direction. 
But we see no reason for abating our 

'testimony or for laying aside the barrier 
which excludes from our communion 
members of these societies. We hold that 
the call of God to His people still is 
"Come ye out from among them." 
"Taste not of their vanities." "Be not 
partakers of other men's sins." 

We invite all others who have named 
the name of Christ to stand with us. This 
is now the church militant. Let us war 
a good warfare, fight a good fight, la>- 
hold on eternal life. "Let no man take 
-thy crown." (Rev.) Wm. C. Paden. 

If God puts us to sleep in the shadow 
of the juniper tree He will awake us with 
the touch of an angel. 

Elsewhere may be found, under the 
Jhead of "Secret Societies in Our 
Schools," an appeal by Secretary Hitch- 
cock, which we commend to our readers. 


Most pulpits in this countr\- are not 
free on this question. If a minister of 
well-known ability, spiritual mind and 
unfailing courtesy were to seek oppor- 
tunity to question the goodness and de- 
sirability of secret societies, what pro- 
portion of the pulpits of this free land 
would be open to him? W'ould one-half 
of them admit him? Would one-quar- 
ter? Would one-tenth? Of the seventy 
thousand pulpits in the Lnited States, 
would he be welcome on such an errand 
in more than seven thousand ? Think of 
how few in our own neighborhood who 
would give him a hearing. 

Why is this ? Why is it that a speaker 
who will show that the kingdom of dark- 
ness is contrary to the kingdom of light, 
that an organization which says "Ever 
conceal" must be opposed to one which 
says, "Go preach to every creature,'' 
w^ould be barred out of so great a pro- 
portion of pulpits in the Protestant 
Church ? 

It is surely not because the subject is 
of little importance. No one thinks that. 
Organizations which bind men in social 
and often in business and political bonds, 
which number their adherents by mil- 
lions and in the cities generally outnum- 
ber the churches, organizations which 
gather and spend large amounts of monev 
and have prominent buildings for their 
meetings, organizations which initiate 
and train men to a habit of concealmeiU, 
bound b}' the strongest oaths that human 
invention can devise, organizations that 
in many cases have religious rites and 
claim to confer eternal salvation on their 
obedient members, are important enough 
to be discussed, questioned and. if sin- 
ful, denounced in every Christian church. 
Then why is such a discussion barred 
out of most churches? 

just one reason tells the whole story. 
The churches which refuse to have this 
question discussed have in them members 
of secret societies who would be offended 
if the examj^le of Christ, the law of God 
or the spirit of the (Tosi)el were brought 
to bear on the princi])lcs and system of 
organized secrecv. 



August, 1904. 

If the order may attend church in re- 
gaha, have special seats reserved and be 
praised by the preacher, they will patron- 
ize the church : but if the moral charac- 
ter of secret societies, of the habrt of con- 
cealment and of the principles involved 
be laid bare, they are angry and the 
preacher who does it will suffer. 

The only way to be free to discuss so- 
cieties in the light of God's Word is to 
keep all members of secret societies out 
of the church. 

It is not her outside foes that the 
church needs to fear ; it is those who 
have gained an entrance. Very few 

preachers will expose and denounce an 
evil when they know well that their 
friends and members just before them 
have a share in it. No one but a moral 
hero will do this, and it is too much to 
expect that all preachers will be moral 

The only way to keep the pulpit free 
is to keep the pew free. This is the 
lesson of experience and of observation^, 
and it has few exceptions. 

— The Christian Nation. 

Teachableness is a rose without a 
thorn. Egotism is a thorn without a rose. 


Adapted from the Rams Horn. 


August, 1904. 





Will the people of this country ever 
becoriie wise enough to stop humbugging 
and being humbugged? This question is 
yet to be answered. 

It is certain that greater follies are 
manifesting themselves as the years pass. 
To call men Oddfellows and Pythians 
used to provoke a smile and fill the bill 
for those who desired to be singular or 
ridiculous. Later the "Red Men" came 
forward with their war whoops to satis- 
fy the ignorant and superstitious white 
man, whose taste naturally ran to the 
base and grotesque. But now this is not 
enough to satisfy the downward trend 
and men call themselves Buffaloes, Elks, 
Badgers and Beavers. 

Noble Order of Dogs. 

It seems that even these do not now 
satisfy the taste of some, and "the 
Dogs" are organized. We quote from 
the Chicago Record-Herald of July 5 : 
"Dallas, Texas, has a Dog Club com- 
posed of prominent business men. It's 
proper title is The Noble Order of Dogs' 
and a charter will soon be asked from the 
State. Hugh Harry is president, but his 
official title is 'Great Mastiff.' Dan Mor- 
gan, who might be called vice president, 
is 'Great Dane.' Oscar Strange keeps 
the records and is known as 'the Shep- 
herd.' Major Carnes is 'Bull Dog,' and 
guards the inner door. An applicant for 
admission into this order is a 'cur' until 
he goes through the training process 
and comes out a pedigreed canine." 

The sensible Christian in reading this 
will say, "Is it possible!" Surely a thing 
like this will not succeed in the United 
States. In the light of eternity he is 
right. The whole brood of darkness-born 
is to be banished in the brightness of 
"His appearing," but judging by what 
has been and is, we may expect this or- 
der to secure quite a membership. 

The Grand Secretary of the Grand 
Lodge of Elks told the writer the other 
day that they reported 153,000 members 
last year, and they were now getting sta- 
tistics for this. He felt confident that 
these would show a growth of at least 
30,000 during the vear. 


What are the Elks? A man by the 
name of Vivian, an English actor, met 
fourteen kindred spirits in a boarding 
house in New York, where they assem- 
bled on Sunday afternoons to hear 
"Johnny Riddle play the fiddle," and seek 
such enjoyment as theater actors would 
desire. They called themselves the 
"Jolly Corks," but later taking the name 
of Elks, claiming that the Elks' special 
concern for the females was to be com- 
mended and imitated by them. 

In reading their history, secured from 
the Grand Secretary, these were all the 
"noble principles" that I could discover. 
If it is noble to get together to drink, 
dance and fiddle with the female actors 
on Sunday afternoon, then this may just- 
ly be called a "noble order." That men 
like to fool and be fooled is everywhere 
manifest. The more ridiculous the per- 
formance the more it attracts some.. 
Were^ it only foolery it would not be so 
bad, but look at this. A Detroit (Mich.; 
paper says : "Rev. Edward Collins, 
chaplain of the Detroit Lodge of Elks, 
recently wrote the following little tribute 
to a brother Elk: 'Alay the dark day be 
far distant w^hen the herd shall be bereft 
of his loving counsel and lay the ivy and 
amaranth on his silent breast.' " And this 
was from a professed minister of the 
Christian religion ! God pity him and 
his congregation. "Herds" of the Elk 
kind have no promise of pleasures here- 
after and so they may well seek them 
with the "Johnny Riddle" and his famous 

We are told that the "prominent busi- 
ness" men of Dallas, Texas, are seeking 
to become "dogs." What will be next? 
W'ill there be a female department of the 
"dogs," and will there be a large influx 
of those desiring "wonderful secrets"? 
What will the female department be 
called? How about the "pups"? Will 
they also follow the example of these 
"prominent business men"? 

The whole movement is suggestive of 
tint verse in Revelation 22:15: "For 
without are dogs, and sorcerers, and 
whoremongers, and idolators, and who- 
soever loveth and maketh a lie." 

He whose life is a sunbeam will find a 
rainbow in his tears. 



Aimiist, 1904. 


There is a mania for secret organiza- 
tions. All classes of men enter them, 
and women are found in some; all objects 
are sought by meetings under cover. The 
aim may be good,, the object one that 
commends itself to the better judgmem 
of men, but instead of organization hi 
the open, on the broad principles of right 
and candor, signs, passwords, mystic 
symbols, and even oaths, are made to 
hedge men about. To make the. organi- 
zation more imposing, and to give it 
greater power over its members some- 
thing of a religious character is often 
introduced, and within the bolted door, 
"chaplains" minister and religious forms 
seem to give sanctity to the surroundings. 

We hold that such organizations spring 
from a wrong source, are degrading to 
mankind, injurious to society, and a hin- 
drance to the coming of the day of uni- 
versal right and brotherhood. The fol- 
lowers • of Christ, the believers in the 
kingdom of God, the workers oi the 
Vv'orld's redemption, have no right place 
in them. The Church of Christ is on a 
higher plane, and should lift men up to 
the level of the life of Jesus. 

There is a surrender of independence 
when a' man enters an organization in 
which his personality is largely submerg- 
ed, in which, for example, he is bound 
both as to his working and wages by the 
order" of one or a few. Association is 
legitimate and useful, results not other- 
Avise attainable ma}- be accomplished bv 
union with others, and in such union 
there is of necessity some surrender of 
personal freedom, but this does not re- 
quire secrecy, or membership in an order 
that commands the individual. When a 
man goes into an organizatiou, in which 
he must give up his independence, and 
it may be his conscience too, to a door- 
keeper, he reduces himself to a low plane. 
Such organizations are against public 
policy. They are a combination of the 
few against the many. They are work- 
ing for certain ends, but their methods 
and doings are not known. If the ends 
themselves be good, the secrecy is not the 
least degree necessary to these ends, and 
introduces an element that mav work 

great injury. The members of a secret 
organization may plot against institu- 
tions and form conspiracies against the 
State, but they are under cover. They 
may paralyze industries, but they can- 
not be arranged. They may commit 
crimes, but the perpetrators are surround- 
ed by a strong body-guard bound to 

Aside from this, secret orders are 
against the public good in that they 
separate those wdio should be most close- 
ly united, raising impassable barriers 
where there should be only bonds of love 
and confidence. Citizens are locked out 
of the confidence of each other by pledges 
of secret oaths. Husbands cannot tell 
their wives of what they are doing. 
Brethren in the church must seal their 
lips at a certain point. The church is 
shut out from inquiry co-ncerning the 
doings of its members when they meet 
in the oath-guarded room. 

Can we imagine the Lord Jesus enter- 
ing a secret order, however seemingly 
good the avowed object? He spoke open- 
ly. We are called to be his disciples and 
followers, his witnesses to the ends oi the 
earth. Do we ever think of these seeking 
to initiate converts into secret assoeia- 
tions ? Why not ? 
— Selected. 


As the Grand Lodge of North Dakota has 
approved of the formation of a juvenile 
branch of Masonry, composed of the minor 
sons of Freemasons, adopting the ritual pre- 
pared by the Grand Secretary, Bro. Frank 
J. Thompson, it may be proper to ''herald 
baby Masonry as the apex of the Masonic 
structure to old reliable "Ancient and Honor- 
able Society of Freemasons," and Order of 
the Eastern Star, thereby comprehending 
the entire human family ■within its protecting 
folds. — Texas Freemason. 

While one regrets the stumbling block 
thus thrown in the way of some at life's 
beginning, he cannot but hope that the 
evil is in a measure offset by a tendency, 
thus promoted, to minify the impressive- 
ness of Masonry. Once the order stood 
in mysterious loneliness ; now it is half 
lost in a swarm of grand, golden, royal 
and trivial fake insurance concerns, and 
orders laborious, feminine or juvenile. 

iiugust. iy(>4. 




A national reform convention for the- 
discussion of the Christian principles of 
civil government and the dangers and 
duty of the nation will be held on Winona 
Assembly Grounds at Winona Lake, In- 
diana, Aug. 5 and 6. 1904. 

The program is rich in important 
themes to be handled by able men. We 
hope as many as possible will attend. 
The President of the National Christian 
Association is one of the speakers. It 
may be an added incentive to some of our 
readers to be able to meet President 
Blanchard at this time. 


"Our Cause," Rev. S. F. Scovel, D. D., 
Wooster, O., President National Reform 
Association. "Perils of Mormouism,'" 
Rev. R. C. Wylie, D. D., Pittsburg, Pa. 
"The Iniquity of the Licensed Saloon," 
Rev. J. T. McCrorv, D. D., Pittsburg, Pa. 
"The Oath the Bond of Civil Society," 
Rev. W. J. Coleman, D. D., Allegheny. 
Pa. "Christian Education in Our Public 
Schools, Rev. C. A. Blanchard, D. D., 
Wheaton, 111. "Christian Patriotism," 
Rev. C. M. Smith, Ray, Indiana. "Appli- 
cation of Christianitv to Government,' 
Rev. C. D. Trumbull, D. D., Mo-rning 
Sun, Iowa. "Why Should Christ Be 
Acknowledged the King of Nations?" 
Rev. H. H. George, D. D., Beaver Falls, 
Pa. "The Christian Citizenship Pledge," 
Rev. F. M. Wilson, Parnassus, Pa. "Our 
Sabbath Laws," Rev. R. C. Wylie, D. D., 
Wilkinsburg, Pa. "Our National Chris- 
tianity and Fundamental Law," Rev. 
John A. Henderson, Allegheny, Pa. 


The National Reform Association 
stands foT the defense O'f our imperiled 
Sabbath; the Bible in our common 
schools ; uniform marriage and divorce 
laws in accordance with the law of 
Christ; the honor and authority of law, 
as against the spirit of mob violence ; 
political and religious liberty, as against 
the aggression of Mormonism; a com- 
plete severance of the connection be- 
tween our government and the saloon ; 
and suitable Christian acknowledgment in 
State and National constitutions. 

The site recently purchased by the Na- 
tional Council for a home office at New 
Haven is one of the most desirable in the 
city. It is situated at 8.50-8.58 Chapel street, 
overlooking the New Haven Green, and ad- 
joining the property once the house of Com- 
modore Foot of the United States navy. It 
commands a fine view of Yale College, being 
within tvs'o hundred feet of that ancient and 
famous seat of learning. The committee 
that had this matter in charge are deserving 
of the highest praise for the good judgment 
displayed and for the grand property se- 
cured. Through their recommendation the 
famous Degree Team of New .Jersey paid a 
visit to New Haven, at the invitation of the 
New Haven Council, on Sunday. .Jan. 17. and 
conferred the Major Degree upon thirty-six 
(36j candidates. A very large gathering 
greeted the team and the large hall in which 
the ceremonies were held was packed with 
members, who desired to witness the work 
as rendered by the visitors, whose great 
ability is conceded by all who have had the 
pleasure of seeing and hearing them. The 
party arrived in New Haven on Sunday 
evening and were met by a delegation of 
local Ivnights, and after a dinner at the 
Oneco, the guests were shown the sights of 
the University City. 

The above copied from the Columbiad, 
the organ of the Knights of Columbus, 
reads unpleasantly to one who has any 
interest in Yale College or New Has en, 
for it relates to one of the most un-Amer- 
ican, anti-American, and unpatriotic, as 
well as one of the most belated and an- 
achronistic of. all secret orders. Side by 
side are the Home Office and Yale Col- 
lege, representing respective!}- the tenth 
and twentieth centuries. 

CM B. A. 

The C. U. B. A. Advocate for :\Iarch 
shows that Catholics find it as hard as the 
rest to run fraternal insurance on a falla- 
cious plan. It copies an article from the 
^'lichigan Catholic, ending as follows : 

"One suggestion has been advanced that 
would better matters undoubtedly, but it 
would be more expensive.. It is to adopt 
the plan of the old line insurance companies 
and have but one or two examiners 
in each city and let them l)e paid for all 
examinations, whether the applicants pass or 
not. In this way the applicants would not 
fear the forfeiture of the examination fee. 
while the doctor would be more likely to do 
his full duty, as he would receive his fee in 
any event, and there would be no incentive 
to go to another physician. 

••^^'ould such a plan not work better all 


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August, 1904. 



wrse to want to get what is not paid for ; 
it will prove to be what men do not 



"One of the most hopeful signs that the 
membership of the F. M. C. are wide 
awake to the best interests of the order is 
the fact that there has been duriYig the 
past year or two such a general move- 
ment among the Rulings to carry out the 
ritualistic work more fully, and the adop- 
tion of paraphernalia or its use by some 
of the Rulings which formerly overlooked 
this important requisite in true fraternal- 

Ritual and Creed. 

Ritualism is to fraternalism what 
the creed is to the church. It cannot be 
ignored without serious detriment to its 
members. Carlyle, in his "Sartor Re- 
sartus," speaks very interestingly about 
the significance of raiment of various 
kinds. He shows how the prisoner at 
the bar trembles before the judge largely 
because the latter is arrayed in a somber 
and impressive gown; how the ordinary 
citizen quails when the hand of the law 
is laid upon him by a policeman gorgeous- 
ly clothed in a blue uniform with brass 
buttons ; how the fireman is the envy of 
every normal boy and girl, and how the 
Easter bonnet is necessary to the happi- 
ness of most women! Undoubtedly the 
difference between barbarism and civiliza- 
tion is largely a matter of clothes. 

"Everybody likes to look at a parade. 
Why? Because those who are doing the 
parading are usually arrayed more gorge- 
ously than is the average individual who 
is a mere onlooker. Who can forget the 
lasting impression made upon his mind 
the first time he was initiated into a fra- 
ternal order? How the deep voice of ad- 
monition lingers in one's mind through all 
future years, and how the mental picture 
painted by the gorgeous costumes worn 
by the Degree Team comes up and gives 
one a better opinion of the work of fra- 
ternalism in general, and the Ruling 
where the initiation took place particu- 
larly. If you have paraphernalia, by all 
means use it. Pass a vote at your very 
next meeting that your officials at least 

shall not occupy their respective stations 
without first having been properly 
clothed in their regalia. There may not 
be many persons at the Ruling meeting, 
but that is the more reason why the para- 
phernalia should be worn, even though 
the chairs only are filled, you will be sur- 
prised how much more impressive the 
meeting is under such circumstances than 
where there is a lack of paraphernalia. 

Must Impress New Candidate. 

'Of course, every Ruling should have 
a Degree Team, but where this is not 
possible the proper use of paraphernalia 
will go far toward filling what otherwise 
is a serious defect in the lodge room 
ethics. No Ruling can afford to fail to 
properly impress the newly initiated can- 
didate, and sometimes the older members 
need a lesson in true fraternalism quite 
as much as do the young recruits. Look 
to your ritualistic work and your para- 

The foregoing editorial from the organ 
of the Fraternal Mystic Circle shows 
knowledge of human nature, and particu- 
larly of joiner material.* "True fraternal- 
ism" consists largely of ceremonial,, 
aprons and ribbons. 

As the man on the watch-tower has 
the widest horizon, so he who is nearest 
God has the fullest vision. 



August 1904. 


Pastor of U. B. Church, and His Exilogjy of 

Wolfsville. Md.. April 26, 1904. 
South Mountain Lodge. No. 125, I. O. O. 
F.. celebrated tJie eighty-fifth anniversary of 
the founding of that order with divine serv- 
ices in the U. B. Church of this place. The 
speaker of the day was Rev. Charles Fisher, 
pastor of the F, B. Church. The church was 
filled with an attentive audience. The eulo- 
gy or address was an eloquent plea for. and 
defense of. secret orders in general and Odd 
Fellowship in particular. Unless your corre- 
spondent misunderstood the speaker, he 
claimed that they originated in the rites 
and ceremonies of the Grecian temples of 
Eleusis and Celsus, and that after the church 
had torn out the 120 planks inserted in its 
platform by Jesus Christ, the mystics or 
secret orders restored them and gave to 
the world primeval Christianity once more. 
He eulogized the Greek philosophers and 
claimed that Martin Luther was also a 
mystic, like them. He denounced the op- 
ponents of secret societies as liars and 
dough-heads, whose skulls were filled with 
camel or some other kind of hair. Instances 
of noble deeds of the secret orders and the 
ignoble deeds of the church were recited by 
him. as he claimed that the orders had taken 
up the good work neglected by the church. 
These are but a few of the surprising state- 
ments made during the lengthy address of 
the speaker. And while we recognize the 
fact that every man has a right to his be- 
lief and opinion, we cannot see the pro- 
priety of any minister of the gospel making 
statements that leave at least a portion of 
his hearers under the impression that he 
considers the work of the secret societies of 
more benefit to mankind than that of the 
church, nor where the advantages to the or- 
ders themselves are derived from such criti- 
cisms of Christianity and its adherents. 


Rev. Mr. Fisher Makes a Positive Denial of a 
Statement Made by a Correspondent. 

Mr. Editor — I ask you for a small space 
in the best country paper in the State, the 
Valley Register, to con*ect some false state- 
ments that appeared in last week's issue 
over the name of "Eriksen." 

••Erickson" starts out with the old cow- 
ardly dodge. He says: "If your correspond- 
ent did not misunderstand, they originated 
in the Grecian temples of Elusius and Cel- 
sus," etc. 

I will give the gist of what was said, and 
the many readers of the Register can form 
their own opinion. Secrecy is a Greek term; 
as a root word it originated in the mysticism 
of the fifth century. B. C, in the temples of 
the Goddess. Elusius and Cera. That the 
Greeks were familiar with it, is proven by 
the Rhodian inscriptions. Mysticism means 
the highest knowledge of the God worshiped. 
That Christ inserted in his platform 120 

planks, enough to meet every necessary de- 
mand and want of the human family, but 
in the second century there was a falling 
away of the visible organization of the 
church, as different organizations were 
formed. Under the influence of agnosticism, 
of which Celsus was the founder, one or- 
ganization and then another eliminated one 
plank after another, until the whole was 
eliminated from the visible church organiza- 
tions and the world dropped into the dark 

In the twelfth century, under Eckhart (the 
father of modern mysticism), mysticism was 
revived. Every true seeker after the knowl- 
edge of God is a mystic. Out of mysticism, 
first sprang Masonry, and. second. Odd Fel- 
lowship. Luther himself was' a mystic. 
* * * 

The speaker positively did not say that 
Luther was like the heathen philosophers 
or the secret order man. But he was a 
mystic the same as any other great stu- 
dent and seeker after God. There were no 
denunciations passed on the opponents of 
secret orders. Another false statement. 
Here is what was said: "There is a bogus 
book in circulation claiming to expose Odd 
Fellowship, etc., and anyone whose head is 
not filled with camel-hair or batter dough 
knows when they read it they are reading 
a liar's production, for he is trying to ex- 
pose that which he pledged himself to keep 

He is false in stating that I claimed the 
church had neglected, or is neglecting, her 
noble deeds. He says he "cannot see the 
propriety in a minister making such state- 
ments." No, and no rational or sane man 
would. No monomania would be a corre- 
spondent to a newspaper under the assumed 
name of "Erickson." 

Now, Mr. "Erickson," if you had been 
paying attention to what was said, instead 
of talking and trying to interrupt the speak- 
er, as you did. for which conduct, if this 
false writing doesn't stop, you will answer 
at the court of your county, for there are 
more than one or two who noted your inter- 
ruption. I was truly surprised to see such 
a mass of conglomerated, false, nothingness 
from you in such an intelligent and highly 
appreciated paper as is the Register. I will 
also state that the I. O. O. F. of Wolfsville 
held an indignation meeting on their last 
meeting night, denouncing the false state- 
ments of "Eriksen" and asking the publica- 
tion of this letter. CHAS. FISHER. 
■ — The Valley Register, IVIay 6. 

Mr. Fischer's reply reminds us of the 
saying that there is only one person who 
can write down an author, -and that is 
himself. We incline to think that his 
situation was as good when his critic 
ended as when he closed his own reply. 
If the letter is a fair index of the quality 
of the lecture, no one can be surprised 
at the critical element in the report. 

August, 1904. 



What he means by calHng secrecy a 
Greek term or a root word seems hardly 
clear ; neither his use of such words as 
mystic and mysticism. His definition of 
mysticism as "the highest knowledge of 
the god worshiped" may help one to un- 
derstand what he himself means, though 
there is a fresh puzzle when reconcilia- 
tion between this and ordinary defini- 
tion and usage is attempted. Almost as 
startling is the representation of agnos- 
ticism as "founded by Celsus" ; but pos- 
sibly he calls all unbelief agnosticism ; 
just as, in one. place, he makes a mystic 
of "every true seeker after the knowledge 
of God," a definition probably never 
given before. 

Again, it is not clear what he means 
when he speaks of the "temples of the 
Goddess, Eleusis and Cera." The god- 
dess appears to be unnamed. If, how- 
ever, the plural was intended, and the 
goddesses are Eleusis and Cera, nothing 
is yet clear, for the Greeks had no god- 
desses so named. Eleusis was the name 
of a Greek city in which was a temple 
of Ceres, a goddess worshipped in the 
Eleusinian Mysteries. The sentence in 
which he talks of 120 planks, begins with 
the word "that," the relation of which 
is not obvious, while the sentence is not 

It may be that in the twelveth century 
there was a mystic named Eckhart, but 
the great mystic Eckart, who has also 
been called the "father of modern pan- 
theism," died about A. D. 1328. Hugo 
de St. Victor was the mystic who died a 
little before the middle of the twelfth cen- 

Another startling and novel idea is that 
Luther was a mystic. Probably he was 
never classed among mystics before ; but 
mention of him adds an item to the defini- 
tion of mystic, which now is made to 
mean a "student and seeker after God." 
Novelty of definition appears coupled 
with striking novelty of classification. 

What does he mean in saying, "No 
mono-mania would be a correspondent 
to," etc. ? If the correspondent's report 
was a "mass of conglomerated, false 
nothingness," what is his reply? 


A Sabbath Kvening Service. 

Decoration and parade marked the 
evening service at Piedmont Congrega- 
tional Church, Alain street, Worcester, 
Mass., where a sermon or address was de- 
livered by the pastor, Rev. Willard Scott, 
D. D., who is reported to have said, al- 
luding to the origin of the Pythian order, 
"There is no more significant result of 
the civil war than this order of brethren 
of the great republic." He said that there 
were two orders which outnumbered the 
Pythian, but none contained more native 
Americans. He rejoiced at the oppor- 
tunity of welcoming the Knights to his 

They came to the church marching to 
the sound of a drum ; and, arriving in 
front of the building, the forty members 
of uniformed companies stood with 
swords at present, while members of five 
subordinate lodges marched past them 
into the church. There were also pres- 
ent in the church representatives of 
Pythian Sisterhood and Rathbone Sister 

Dr. Scott read, "Put on the whole ar- 
mor of God," with the context; the 
quartet sang "God save the Knights," 
and the choir joined the quartet in sing- 
ing, "Onward, Christian Soldiers." One 
can hardly help being reminded of Arte- 
mus Ward the Showman's allusion to 
meeting in a Western trip some "noble 
red men oi the forest"; to which he im- 
mediately added the note: "This is writ 
sarkastikul ; injuns bein' pizen wherever 


Many a smile is but the mask of a 
broken heart. 

Wlio decided it we do not know, but 
the Fraternal Union Advocate of Omaha, 
assures its readers in the report of Oma- 
ha Lodge No. 3T1, that "our open meet- 
ing, entertainment and dance was a de- 
cided success. The hall was filled with 
an enthusiastic audience, that fullv ap- 
preciated the evening's program. It was 
the largest gathering in the history of 
Omaha lodge, and although we may still 
be the "baby lodge," we have, neverthe- 
less grown quite stalwart and frisky. We 
are continually adding to our membership 



August, 1904. 

a very desirable class of people, and we 
believe that many who had the pleasure 
of listening to the very able, clear and 
logical address of our supreme president 
and supreme secretary, on the benefits 
of fraternal insurance and particularly as 
to the plans of the Fraternal Union of 
America, will in the near future provide 
themselves with a certificate and mem- 
bership in our order. The editor of this 
column wishes on behalf of Omaha lodge 
to express our thanks and gratification 
to all participants on the program. To 
Prater Mrs. Gore, for the very excellent 
dance music : to Misses Bessie and Gladys 
Davis for vocal and instrumental solos ; 
to Master Blair, for his splendid rendition 
of "W^hen Father Rode the Goat," to 
Master Fay Felker and his small broth- 
er, for their very excellent solos and duet, 
to Mrs. Evans for her splendid "make- 
up" and readings, and also to our Su- 
preme President F. F. Roose and our 
Supreme Secretary Col. J. L. Handley 
for their visit and splendid addresses. 
The committee may well feel proud of 
its work, but its modesty refrains it from 
further comment." 

The needlessness of it is what "re- 
frains" us from further comment. 


It Made Such an Impression that the Mem- 
ber Repeated It Partly in His Sleep. 

Out in Kansas there are a good many 
Swedes, and very exemplary citizens 
they make. One of these representatives 
of this State's foreign population staye<l 
out late one night cftid at breakfast the 
next morning his good wife Huldah de- 
manded an explanation. 

"A\'here were you last night?" she 
asked, in a before-breakfast tone of 

" V^e haf a special meetin' of te lodge, 
Huldah, an eferything for te gute of te 

"Last night you were talking in yoiir 
sleep and you said something about two- 
cent limit. What did you mean?" 

"Oh, das var nodder faller's fault. Hae 
var talkin' 'bout raisin' te assessment ah' 
das mak me hot." 

"And you said you Svas in.' What did 
that mean?" 

^ Veil, et meant dot Aye var member 
an haf 3^oust so motch to sav as anv- 

/When you said: 'I'll open it,' what 
did you mean ?" 

"Some feller could not get onto the 
door, Aye tank. You see, dear vife, et is 
lock all tem." 

"Once or twice I heard you say : Tt's 
a showdown.' What does that man?" 

"Huldah, Aye haf no right to tal yo 
tengs outside of te lodg-e." 

—The Druid. 

Not a lodge? Why not? 


The following paragraph from the 
diary of Dr. Arnold has a secondary les- 
son concerning a better early selection 
than the inadequate and artificial one lia- 
ble to be found in a lodge. 

"These are times when I am least of 
all inclined to lessen the links which 
bind me to my oldest and dearest friends, 
for I imagine we shall all want the union 
of all the good men we can get together, 
and the want of sympathy, which I can- 
not but feel towards many of those 
whom I meet with, makes me think how 
delightful it would be to have daily in- 
tercourse with those with whom I ever 
feel it thoroughly. What people do in 
middle life, without a wife and children 
to turn to, I cannot imagine, for I think 
the affections must be sadly checked 
and chilled, even in the bes'^t men, by 
their intercourse with people such as 
one usually finds them in the world. I 
do not mean that one does not meet 
with good and sensible people, but then 
their minds are set, and our minds are 
set, and they will not in mature age 
grow into each other. But with a home 
filled with tho'se whom we entirely love 
and sympathize with, and vv^ith some old 
friends to whom one can open one's 
heart fully from time to time, the 
world's society has rather .a bracing in- 
fluence to make one shake off mere 
dreams of delight." 

The man who will not follow the mind 
of the Master in earning his money is not 
likely to seek divine guidance in its dis- 

August. 1901. 




Love for the fatherland is commenda- 
ble in an immigrant who is loyal to the 
land of his adoption, but when new citi- 
zens form into mere colonies and clans, 
refusing to become assimilated, they con- 
stitute a social or political peril. The 
dangerous quality is intensified by al- 
most any form of clannish organization, 
and a secret order is powerful in propor- 
tion as it is an organized clan. Orders 
■of this kind are numerous enough in this 
country to constitute an important objec- 
tion to unrestricted immigration. The 
Highbinder and ^lafia societies are typi- 
cal, but while such as the Molly ]\Iaguire 
may difler in not being exotic, they are. 
probably, in many cases, almost as for- 
eign as those imported. Thus an imperi- 
iim in imperio, hostile to the government 
within whose limits it operates, antagon- 
izes the welfare and progress of the very 
people who introduce it here ; while it 
also menaces the institutions under which 
they have taken shelter with those to the 
manor born. The entire secret system 
harks back to alien countries and dilter- 
ent times. 2^Iasonr}- and Jesuitism lead 
and they came across the sea. Neither is 
consonant with the tone of American in- 
stitutions ; in fact, the attairs of a re- 
public must be public in order to sur\'ive. 
while secret orders are of the very type 
and color to harmonize with the intrigues 
of courts and the proceedings of star 
-chamber administrations, and are. in es- 
sence, virtually foreign. 


Graduation of Members Forbidden at Seattle 

<Special Dispatcli to The Ledger, Tacoma, Wash.) 

Seattle. Tune 17. — Beginning with the 
new school year, students at the Seattle 
(Wash.) High School will be compelled 
to choose between membership in their 
secret societies and the privileges of the 
school. An ord^r has been isued by Cit\- 
Superintendent Cooper which denies to 
any fraternity student the right of par- 
ticipating in any high school privilege 
save that of the classroom, and forbid- 

This drastic order was issued in re- 
sponse to a series of resolutions just 

transmitted by the high school faculty to 
the school board, asking for more strin- 
gent regulations or an abandonment of 
the fight against secret societies in the 

The fight of school authorities is di- 
rected toward the extinction of the fol- 
lowing fraternities : Lambda, of the Phi 
Sigma, and Rho Gamma of the Gamma 
Eta Kappa. Sororities under the ban are 
Epsilon, of the Omega Xu ; Iota, of the 
Delta Iota Chi, and the Deka. The Deka 
has no charter. 

High school authorities and the board 
of education agree that the presence of 
secret societies in the high school is det- 
rimental to the work of the school, creat- 
ing factions and resulting in poorer dis- 

The letter of Superintendent Cooper 
mailed to Principal Edwin Twitmyer, in 
answer to his communication of yester- 
day, reads : 

JK * * 

"You are directed to announce further 
that any student of the high school who, 
after this date, becomes a member of a 
secret society shall be denied the privilege 
of graduation." 


"H. A. X." writes the following to the 
"Trades Unionist" of recent date. It is 
of such vital importance that it should 
receive the highest compliment and be- 
come one of the respected offices of this 
body, ^^'e hope the union will carrv out 
the suggestion of the writer : 

"The invocation by a chaplain of divinp 
blessing and guidance in the proceedings 
of typographical unions could not be ob- 
jectional. State and national legislative 
bodies have their chaplains. A nation is 
great only in so far as, it is a God-fearing 
and worshiping nation. The same is so 
of organizations. Secret societies have 
their chaplains. Almost any assembly 
gives thanks to the Creator of all things 
and implores his blessing on their acts. 
The International Typograpliical Union 
convention asks the Lord's blessing on 
their deliberations. Local unions, as a 
rule, seem to neglect this observance in 
their order of business. Such a practice 
would make men more sincere and 



August. 1904. 

thoughtful and broader minded. It would 
be most appropriate for the printers' un- 
ion — the most intelligent and conserva- 
tive — to inaugurate this ceremony. Let 
Xo. loi take the initiative and create a 
— The Evangelist. Washington, D. C. 


Ilenj0 of ®ur Pori 


Boise, Idaho, June 6, 1904. 

Dear Brother Phillips — I meet with 
seme good people in different denomina- 
tions who deplore the lodge evil, but don't 
know what to do about it. 

The "Friends'' held a successful re- 
vival a few miles out of town lately and 
took in quite a number of new members, 
several were rejected who would not 
leave their lodge affiliations, but a num- 
ber took Christ and the church in prefer- 
ence to the godless lodge and renounced 
the works of darkness and are naw well 

At a large Sabbath school conference 
for the southern district, when the ques- 
tion, *'How to retain the young men in 
the Sabbath school and the church," had 
been talked over in a desultory way with- 
out coming to the point, the suggestion 
was made that the lodges were largely re- 
sponsible for conditions as we saw them 
— women in the great majority in the 
churches and Sunday schools and the men 
in the lodges ; churches received the 
dimes and the lodges the dollars, and the 
ministry dare not rebuke the lodge for 
fear of being unpopular, all of which was 
amened. Afterwards, privately, some 
thanked the speaker for presenting this 
phase of the subject. However, later one 
]\I. E. minister made himself conspicuous 
by stating he belonged to two lodges and 
was not ashamed of it. 

I have refrained from indicating that 
it was myself who sprung the question in 
the conference, but I will say I was sur- 
prised how many were interested in the 
subject. I expect to improve every op- 
portunity to speak on the lodge. May 
the I_X)rd bless you in all the good work 
that He has given you to do. Truly. 
John F. Hanson. 


On June 21 I went to Holland, Mich., 
as a fraternal delegate of the National 
Christian Association to the synod of the 
Reformed Christian Church that was sit- 
ting there. I was more than cordially re- 
ceived. I represented our Association in 
its various lines of work, giving them 
somewhat of a history of the organiza- 
tion and the methods of its work, and ap- 
pealing to their sympathy and co-opera- 
tion. Knowing them to be in harmony 
with the teachings and principles of our 
x\ssbciation, I made an appeal to them for 
co-operation and financial help. My ad- 
dress was greeted with enthusiasm, and 
their president. Rev. E. Breen, made a 
reply in which they assured me of their 
hearty sympathy and ready willingness to 
labor w^ith us in our work. The president 
expressed himself and the synod as grati- 
fied at my presence there and assured me 
of their hearty , Christian welcome and 
fellowship. After which Rev. J. Groen, 
vice-president of the synod, made a re- 
port to the synod of our work and our 
principles in their own language, the Hol- 
land, which was received with enthusi- 
asm, and in closing he offered a resolu- 
tion that the synod recommend to the 
various congregations of the Christian 
Reformed Church that they take an an- 
nual collection for the benefit of our As- 
sociation, which was unanimously adopt- 
ed. While I was a foreigner, so far as 
langTiage was concerned, among foreign- 
ers, and could understand but very few 
w^ords, yet I v/as impressed with the 
Christian spirit and gentlemanly charac- 
ter of the body. And though not compre- 
hending the addresses uttered within my 
hearing, I somehow had a consciousness 
that they were working for the glory of 
God and the extension of His kingdom. 

Z eel and. 

On the 28th of June I made a visit to 
Zeeland, ]\Iich., where I addressed the 
Christian Reformed Church in the inter- 
est O'f the National Christian Association. 
I was received with great cordiality by 
the Rev. John Yonkman, pastor of the 
church in which I spoke, and Rev. Garret 
J. Haan, who is also pastor of a Chris- 


August, 1901. 



tian Reformed Church at Zeeland. The 
house was about half filled, but proved to 
be a very appreciative and attentive audi- 
ence to speak to, and at the close of m\- 
address they received it with enthusiastic 
applause, and from them I received man\ , 
nian}^ personal expressions of indorse- 
ment of the Association in whose inter- 
est I spoke, and of its work. A collec- 
tion was taken for the work, which 
amounted to five dollars. My visit in 
Zeeland was in every respect enjoyable 
and I shall always feel that I have friends 
waiting my return. 

Sajihiaw Convention. 

On the morning of the 29th of June 1 
left Zeeland for Saginaw, arriving there 
at noon. There were five sessions of the 
convention, all of which were interesting 
and instructive. vSeveral of those who had 
been programed for addresses, because 
of duties that held them elsewhere, did 
not appear. We were most cordially en- 
tertained by the people of the Free Meth- 
odist Church, and while the attendance 
was not large during the sessions of the 
convention, yet there was ever present 
with us a good spiritual influence, and 
from start tO' finish the convention was 
religiously helpful. I spoke tO' them the 
last evening of the convention, the night 
of the 30th, on the "Influence of the 
Lodge upon the Home,'' taking also a 
general view of the demoralizing influ- 
ence of lodgeism. My address was re- 
ceived with enthusiasm. I had to leave 
immediately at its close, in order to make 
my train. I look back upon that conven- 
tion with the feeling that seed has been 
sown from which there must come a har- 
dest of good results. 


Washington, D. C, July 18, 1904. 

Dear Cynosure : Here 1 am in my 
Southern home. When reporting one 
month ago I was way up in the Sagi- 
naw, Michigan, country. Twenty-six 
hours with a fast iron horse carries us a 
long ways. Move we must, as move we 
can. Time hurries. What we do in this 
life must be now. 

The Michigan convention was all I ex- 
pected. It was not largely attended, but 
there was an earnestness and a fervor 

born from above. The Free 3.iethodist 
friends- with whom we met gladly opened 
their hearts and their liomes, and we be- 
lieve a good impression was made on the 
community. Saginaw is a center for ail 
manner of lodges and clubs, but there 
are still a goodly number who do not bo\v 
the knee to Baal, 

As the minutes will give details it only 
remains for me to write in a general way. 
The vote of thanks to pastor and people 
was heartily given and I am sure friends 
from a distance returned to their homes 
with the feeling "it was good to be there.'' 

Tributary to the State Convention, I 
held several small meetings. Pastors of 
the United and Reform Presbyterian 
Churches at Fair Grove were very help- 
ful both in the preparation and in the 
holding of the Convention. I was the 
honored guest for more than a week at 
the heme of Rev. T. C. Sproul, pastor of 
the Covenanter Church near Fair Grove. 
I was privileged as in other }ears to 
speak to this people of the things per- 
taining to the kingdom. Some of the 
people showed their interest by coming 
with their pastor to the Convention. 
There was much to hinder the people 
from attending the lectures given in 
West Bay City, but an interest was awalc- 
ened, Cynosures planted, and seed sown 
that God willing I may be able to follow 
up in other years. The lectures were in 
the Free ^lethodist Church and school 
connected with the Evangelical Lutheran 
(Missouri Synod) Church. I shall carry 
pleasant memories in connection with all 
these meetings. 

Following the Convention m}- center of 
operations for a few days was at North 
Star, Mich. I found Brother E. D. Root, 
of the Radical United Brethren Church, 
as wide awake as ever to the needs of the 
hour along reform lines. I filled the ap- 
pointments made as best I could, and felt 
that the time was well spent. Running 
into Grand Rapids, Mich., on die 4th ot 
Jul\- I found a delightful retreat at the 
home of Brother Day. The fireworks 
and general racket showed the Young 
America of that section awake to oppor- 
tunity and as full of enthusiasm as those 
of older years used to be. Whether the 
gain in patriotism will equal the loss ui 
life and property is a questi^in about 



August, 1904. 

which men differ. It seems to nian}^ that 
there are better wa}-s of showing our loy- 
alty to country. 

As a committee of one I notified Prof. 
R. L. Park, of Muskegon, of his election 
to the office of State Secretary, and inci- 
dentally had an old-time visit. Prof. 
Park is a graduate of Wheaton College. 
We find w^e can always count on the 
Wheaton boys. A night on Lake Michi- 
gan and a trolley ride of an hour brought 
me to the home of L. H. Park, another 
Wheaton man, now very successful in 
business. This was at Racine, Wis. 
Here I found some three hundred pastors 
and teachers of the Wisconsin .division of 
the Missouri Synod Lutherans. My re- 
quest to address the Synod was granted 
and an evening appointed. The School 
Hall w^as to be the place of my lecture, 
but this proving much too small to ac- 
commodate the large number wishing to 
attend, the doors of the large church were 
opened and I was given a splendid hear- 
ing. Over sixty responded to my request 
that all take the Cynosure that they 
might thus help the cause as well as 
themselves. Many praise the Cynosure 
and its present management. 

Since my return to Washington I have 
-Spoken in the People's Mission and at 
other meetings as there was opportunity. 
Yesterday I had a good time preaching 
for our Free Methodist friends at Alex- 
andria, Va. The present pastor, Rev. C. 
A. Kress, is a graduate of North Chili, 
N. Y., Seminary, and a very promising 
young man. He takes the Cynosure and 
some of our literature that he may be bet- 
ter fitted for this battle with the powers 
of darkness that every pastor must meet 
in some form. The Free Methodist 
churches in this section are increasing. 

All Christians must rejoice in the suc- 
cess of those who strive for a clean life, 
and a separation from all forms of iniqui- 
ty. It is my intention to leave for Boston 
and Northfield, Mass., via Eastern Penn- 
sylvania, to-morrow morning. 

Should friends in Ohio get things in 
line so I could come and help them hold a 
State Convention the last of August af 
Thornville, Glenford or somic convenient 
point in that section, I should be glad. 
Shall we hear from Bro. Quincy Leck- 
rone, Rev. Parks and the rest interested 

in that section. A rousing Convention 
can be held just as well as not, if some of 
you brethren will move out in the prep- 
aration. Let us "work while it is day." 
W. B. Stoddard. 


West Saginaw, June 29, 1904. 

A convention for the discussion of se- 
cret societies met under the auspices of 
the National Christian Association in the- 
Free Methodist Chapel, corner of Clin- 
ton and Harrison streets. 

Hearty words of welcome were spoken 
by Rev. W. H. Haight, to which W. B.. 
Stoddard happily replied. A chart talk 
on the subject, "Things Done of Them in 
Secret," was conducted by the Eastern 
Secretary of the Association,- according 
to the program. Remarks were then made 
by Dr. Samuel PI. Swartz and a song was 
rendered by Rev. and Mrs. Haight. 

The following . committees were ap- 
pointed : 

Resolutions — Rev.' A. W. Martin, S. 
H. Porterfield, W. B. Stoddard. Finance 
—Rev. W. H. Haight, Mrs. W. H. 
Haight, J. H. McMillan. Nomination 
of officers and on state work — T. C. 
Sproul, Mr. Jno. R. Burnham, Rev. M. 
E. Remmele. 

The convention adjourned until even- 
ing after benediction by Rev. T. C. 

Kvening Session. 

Rev. Dr. Swartz presided, and after 
singing and prayer Rev. T. C. Sproul 
read a paper on the subject, "Secret So-, 
cieties a Menace to the Spiritual Life."' 

This was followed by remarks upon 
lodge benevolence. An address was de- 
livered by W. B. Stoddard on 'Why T 
Oppose Secret Orders." 

A goodly audience was present and' 
gave close attention to the speakers. A 
collection to defray the expenses of the 
convention was taken, amounting to 
$2.87. The convention adjourned to meet 
at 9 a. m. 

Mornini? Session. 

The convention met and was opened 
with devotional exercises by Rev. J. T. 
Bullock. Letters from absent friends 
were read and referred to the Christian 


August. 1904. 



Cynosure. The committee on state work 
reported as follows : 

For President, Rev. J. Groen, Grand 
Rapids; Vice President, Rev. W. H. 
Haight, West Saginaw ; Secretary, Prof. 
R. L. Park, Muskegon ; Treasurer, Rev. 
H. A. Day, Grand Rapids. The commit- 
tee recommended that Rev. J. Groen and 
Rev. H. A. Day be authorized to se- 
cure funds and use any funds in the 
hands of the treasurer in the furtherance 
of the work during the year, as may to 
them seem wise, reporting all work done 
to the Christian Cynosure. The report 
was adopted. 

The minutes of the preceding sessions 
were read and adopted. Rev. S.. W. 
Stone of Zale, Mich., not being able to 
be present, sent a paper on the subject, 
''Why Oppose the Lodge?" extracts 
from which were read. 

The finance committee reported. Re- 
port was adopted and is as follows : 

Report of the Treasurer of the Michigan Anti- 
Secret Association. 

''Rives Junction, Mich., June 28, 1904. 

"Received from the former Treasurer, 
June 23, 1903, $6.00. Collection at the 
convention in Holland, $1.58. Receipts 
during the year, none. Disbursements, 
none. Total amount on hand June 28, 
1904, $7.58. Respectfully submitted, 
"S. A. Manwell, Treasurer." 

The question box was opened and an- 
swers given by various members of the 
convention, bringing out many ideas 
profitable to the convention. Convention 
took a recess till 2 o'clock in the after- 
noon. Benediction was pronounced by 
Rev. W. H. Haight. 

Afternoon Session. 

Convention was opened with devotional 

The minutes of the forenoon session 
were read and approved. 

A paper, "The United Brethren 
Church and Secret Societies," sent by 
Rev. E. D. Root of North Star, Mich!, 
was read by Rev. S. H. Porterfield, and 
referred to the editor of the Christian 

A paper, "Wherein Lies the Power of 
the Lodge, and How May it be Over- 
come," was read by the Rev. W, B. Stod- 

The committee on resolutions reported. 

The resolutions were discussed, amended 
and adopted. Convention adjourned to 
meet at 7 130 p. m. 

The last session of the convention was 
most pleasantly occupied by Dr. Swartz 
in one of his masterly and telling ad- 
dresses on the secret empire as a "menace 
to the State, the church and the home." 
The evil influence of secrecy in each of 
these departments of human life was laid 
bare with no sparing hand, and the audi- 
ence departed more deeply impressed 
with the evil and baneful influence of the 
dark empire than ever before. Upon the 
whole, the conference was very helpful. 
Although the audiences were at no time 
large, all were full of an earnest purpose 
to oppose the dark kingdom and do all 
in their power to warn their fellow-men 
against being entangled within its toils. 

The good people of the Free Methodist 
community did everything in their power 
to make the stay of the stranger delegates 
in their midst pleasant and comfortable, 
and they abundantly succeeded. May the 
Lord's blessing follow the work of the 
convention. T. C. Sproul, Secretary. 


Whereas, There is in our country an 
ever-increasing number of secret socie- 
ties and associations which are calculated 
to destory true piety, subvert justice and 
blight otherwise happy homes; 

Resolved, first. That we, associated to- 
gether as those who love Christ and seek 
to obey His commands, do declare our 
opposition to the w^hole secret society sys- 
tem, because we find it opposed to Christ 
and antagonistic to the furtherance of 
His kingdom on the earth. 

Resolved, second. It is our duty, in 
view of the evil being done by these or- 
ganizations, to instruct, in all meekness, 
those who oppose their own highest good 
by afiiliation with them, to earnestly pray 
that the W^ord of God prevail against 
them and to adopt the most eft'ective 
means at our disposal to deliver men from 
their snare. 

Resolved, third. We declare it to be our 
belief that men and women in joining 
associations where a Christless religion 
is taught, often do so to the destruction 
of their own souls ; 



August, 1904. 

Resolved, fourth, \\'e liiicl that the 
lodges teach selfishness. Their much- 
vaunted charity is not that divine sort 
which aids "all" that are in want, and 
which gives to those who cannot recom- 
pense again. The advancement of men 
to good positions through their influence 
is a menace to our free institutions that 
would justly advance the individual ac- 
cording to merit. We declare that labor 
unions are often anti-Christian in their 
spirit. To demand certain advantages 
for themselves while denying the free 
right of ever}' man to work when and 
where he pleases is tyranny and oppres- 
sion worse than that against which our 
forefathers arose in 1776. While un- 
doubtedly there are men of good char- 
acter in the unions, it is none the less 
true that they have too largely fallen into 
the hands of a lawless element and many 
of their actions have been characterized 
by lawlessness, riot and violence. We 
l>elieve that they constitute to-day one of 
the greatest dangets to our country's 
safety and prosperity. 

Resolved, fifth. In seeking the ends of 
justice the court has a great enemy in 
lodges sworn to favor those of their 

Resolved, sixth, The secret lodge sys- 
tem is a foe to the home. 

Resolved, seventh, We declare it as our 
belief that no follower of Christ, and es- 
pecially no Christian minister, should 
join or uphold these organizations. 

Resolved, eighth. We condemn as un- 
sound the business principles on which 
a large number of the fraternal insurance 
societies are conducted, and we beheve 
a wrong is thereby done to many persons 
who lose much of their hard-earned 
money in such schemes. 

Resolved, ninth. We rejoice in the re- 
cent investigations into Mormonism and 
into the oaths that bind that secret so- 
ciety together and express our belief that 
if the oaths of Masonry and other secret 
societies were brought clearly before the 
public these organizations would sink into 
disrepute in the eyes of honest meu. 

Resolved ,tenth, While condemning the 

Christless character, the unholy oaths, the 

assumption of grandiloquent titles and 

gaudy displays of these institutions, it be- 

' comes us as followers of the meek and 

lowly Jesus, not alone to condemn, but to 
show a more excellent way. 

Resolved, eleventh. We rejoice in the 
work now being done by the National 
Christian Association and pledge to it 
our support in the dissemination of Gos- 
pel light. 

Resolved, twelfth. That a vote of 
thanks is due and is hereby given to the 
pastor and people of this church for their 
hospitality so generoiusly extended to this 
convention. We desire alsoi to^ express 
our appreciation of the kindly notice 
given our coiivention in the local papers. 
A. W. Martin, 
W. B. Stoddard, 
S. H. Porterfield. 

$tctkx^' Ie0timonte0 


Morrison, Va., June 19, 1904. 

Dear Cynosure — I feel it my duty to 
express' my appreciation of your noble ef- 
forts to enlighten the people, especially 
Christians, O'U the subject of secrecy. I 
thank God and feel encouraged that the 
Lord has a people yet who have not 
bowed their knee to baal and who believe 
in an undefiled religion. I for one can tes- 
tify to the efiicacy of redeeming grace of 
our blessed Lord and Savior Jesus 
Christ ; and I know there is no other 
name under heaven whereby men shall 
be saved, only the blessed name of Jesus. 
My prayer is for your magazine and may 
the Lord bless all your efforts in upbuifd- 
ing the kingdom of God. 

I never personally joined any secret 
order except the Grand Army of the Re- 
public, and that was enough for me. I 
left them long ago, for I found out that 
as a Christian I could not fellowship with 
wicked men. When I was initiated I 
noticed that the Chaplain, a man that I 
knew well, was an enemy to God, and I 
abhorred his prayers, for he- was a wick- 
ed man. 

This country, especially the city of 
Newport News, is cursed with secrecy. 
Everybody that does not belong to the 
lodge is not popular. But I worship no 
lord save the Lord Jesus Christ, for He 
is the true God. 

Theodore Graef. 

August. 1904. 




Converted to Christ, Separates from the 
Lodi^e, His Testimony Bears Fruit. 

Long Island City, N. Y., July ii, 1904. 

Brethren of the National Christian As- 
sociation — I received a large package of 
tracts by express from you, and all I can 
say is God bless you, and with God's help 
I will distribute them where they will do 
the most good. 

A friend o-f mine persuaded me to go to 
a Methodist church and hear a policeman 
preach. While he was preaching the 
spirit of God camie over me in mights- 
power, and that night I asked God to for- 
give my 5ins and receive me into- His 
kingdom, and He did, and has kept me 
ever since. Before I was converted I was 
Senior Warden of Island City Lodge, No. 
586, F. and A. M., and if I had remained 
in the lodge two weeks longer I would 
have been elected Worshipful Master of 
the lodge. But the next night after 
I was converted I went to lodge 
as usual, but everything seemed so 
strange to me. I now felt that I could 
not take; such an active interest in the 
w^ork of the lodge. This led me to in- 
quire if I could be a Christian and a 
Freemason. I asked a man whom I knew^ 
to be a Christian if I could be a Christian 
and a Freemason at the same time. He 
gave me a book on Masonry by Charles 
G. Finney, published by the National 
Christian Association of Chicago, and 
when I had read the book my eyes were 
opened to see that I could not be a Chris- 
tian and a Mason at the same time. I 
then and there renounced the lodge and 
came out from among them. That w^as 
three years ag-o last November. Since 
that time I have been active in distribut- 
ing anti-secret tracts and literature which 
I have received from time to time from 
the National Christian Association. 

After my testimony a young man arose 
and said he thanked me for that testi- 
mony, as he was going to join the Free- 
masons, but now he would not join them. 
After the meeting I distributed anti- 
secret tracts. 

Not long ago I w^as in Florence Mis- 
sion, 23 Bleecker street. New York City, 
and I gave my testimon}-. 

Another evening a few weeks ago I 
went to Jerry ^NIcAuley's Mission, 3 [6 

Water street, New York City, a man, who 
opened the services by prayer, had 
a ring on his finger with a Masonic em- 
blem on it. I have both handed and 
mailed him anti-secret tracts and was sur- 
prised to see him still in the order, \^^hen 
I gave my testimony I explained how I 
was converted and taken out of the lodge. 
I also told them that Jesus says : "And 
this is the condemnation that light is 
come into the world, and men love dark- 
ness rather than light, because their deeds 
were evil, for every one that doeth evil 
liateth the light, neither cometh to the 
light, lest his deeds should be reproved ; 
but he that doeth truth cometh to the 
light that his deeds may be made mani- 
fest that they are wrought in God." 

I also told them that the lig"ht broke 
those death penalty obligations that 
bound me so that I am not compelled any 
longer to sit and listen to Christless 
prayers and Christless hymns, and I am 
not compelled to worship idolatrously any 
longer ; that where I could not take Christ 
with me I would not go. Whom Christ 
sets free is free indeed. 

After the meeting I distributed anti- 
secret tracts. I ask you to pray to God 
to guide and direct me in this work. 

Charles A. Lagville. 

Irom #ur tKbanges 


Ought One to Co-operate with an Oddfellow 
Minister ? 

Question. Is it right to preach in a 
man's pulpit or help in his meeting, or 
attend, work and pray for souls who are 
seeking to get saved, when the preacher 
is an Odd Fellow? A\'ould you advise 
Wesleyans to help such a church when 
they are urged to do so? 

Answer. We have often thought we 
would go as near to the gates of hell as 
one can go and not fall in if by so do- 
ing we could win a soul for the Lord. 
We would work anywhere with an\- one 
who would permit us to do so if hv so 
doing we could win some one to the Lord. 
We believe this can be done without any 
compromise of our principles. It is not 



August. 1904. 

-often the case that we are asked to help win 
souls by men who are members of secret 
societies, but we would press into every 
opening, and where there are no open- 
ings, if it is possible to make one we 
would do that. We would not permit 
any man to stand between us and the 
.souls to be won, nor any organization. 
Of course, in this answer we are proceed- 
ing upon the supposition that God wants 
us where we are asked to go. If we did 
not believe the Lord wanted us to go we 
would not go, even if the man nearest 
our own faith in the world invited us to 
do so. We have never known any harm 
to come from accepting an invitation 
-which had the approval of the Lord upon 
it. We have seen great harm result from 
refusing the right kind of invitations. 
We were once invited to preach at a 
summer resort. The invitation came 
from two most estimable women, who 
were strangers in the place and who 
wanted to do good. We much wanted to 
Tielp them do good, but every other at- 
traction that money could procure was 
employed to induce the people to break 
the Sabbath and spend their time at this 
resort, and the managers thought if they 
could provide religious services they 
could induce even the most conscientious 
■church people to go along with the oth- 
ers. We were to be the tool for such an 
-effort, and being helped of the Lord to 
see through the scheme, although the 
good women who invited us had no part 
in that scheme, we declined to go. We 
would not accept an invitation to help 
any one if by so doing the devil could use 
the effort to advance his cause, but if 
the invitation were an honest one and 
really meant saving souls, we would go 
at it with all of our might. 

— Wesleyan Methodist. 


An Appeal. 

(As showing the existence of some mpr= in the 
Methodist Episcopal Church who dare to speak 
upon -an important question, and as containing 
very valuable historical data, we give place to this 
"Af)peal."— Editor.)— Wesleyan Methodist. 

To the Bishops and Delegates of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church in General, 
Assembled in Los Angeles, Gal, Mav, 
1904, Greeting: — 

Dear Beloved; ''called to be saints," 

Rom. I '.y. Allow your attention at this 
assemblage to be cited to a matter of vital 
interest to Ghurch and State which may 
not be passed by with impunity. Need 
we make an apology for this seeming pre- 
sumptuous suggestion ? It is well under- 
stood that flagrant violation of one of oiur 
church rules obtains boldly and extensive- 
ly among us. We refer now to rule 25 
in the Discipline as follows : 

Of a Christian Man's Oath. 

As we confess that vain and rash 
swearing is forbidden Ghristian men by 
our Lord Jesus Ghrist and. James His 
apostle; so we judge that the Christian 
religion doth not prohibit, but that a 
man may swear when the magistrate re- 
quireth, in a cause of faith and charity, 
so it be done acording- to the prophet's 
teaching, in justice, judgment and truth, 
as for example : 

The oath or oaths administered by in- 
dependent bodies of men who without the 
authority or permission of oflicers of the 
government or civil law, assuming such a 
right, ^wear candidates to perform acts 
not done ' the prophets teach- 
ing in justice, judgment and truth," and 
such as are "forbidden Christian men by 
our Lord Jesus Christ and James His 

Of some such forbidden oaths we find 
are as follows : 

First — We promise and agree to keep 
the secrets of a brother, murder and 
treason (only) excepted. 

And we promise and swear not to se- 
duce the female relatives of our brother. 

Then advancing in degrees we promise 
and swear to conceal the crimes of a 
brother, murder and treason not except- 

Enough is mentioned without proceed- 
ing farther to show an aggravated viola- 
tion — extremely sinful, of course, of the 
disciplinary rule of a Christian man's 

The order o^f Freemasons abounds in 
such oaths, increasing in number and, of 
course, in criminality as higher degrees 
are introduced, with penalties that need 
not be mentioned here, read and known 
of all men who are willing to be in- 
formed. The testimony against this or- 
der is known by many who have hereto- 
fore belong^ed thereto in our own society 


August, 1904. 


who now declare with one voice against 

Methodist History. 

It is also a matter of history that "103 
seceders in A. D. 1828 in convention de- 
clared Masonry to be exceedingly danger- 
ous, blasphemous, murderous, unfit to ex- 
ist among a free people." S. B., p. 23. 

So offensive to this rule was a member 
'Of Genesee conference. New York, for 
connection with Freemasonry that it was 
resolved in 181 1, after considerable de- 
bate, that S. R. be reproved by the chair 
for having joined the Freemason society. 
Connable's History of Genesee Confer- 
ence, p. 41. 

Again in A. D. 18 14 Reuben Farley 
was found to have belonged to a Masonic 
lodge and his ordination was withheld. 
Con. His., p. 84. 

And again in A. D. 1818 it was re- 
solved that it is contrary to the feelings 
of this conference for any of its members 
to join the Freemasons. C. H., p. 142. 

Again in A. D. 1829 it was resolved 
that we will admit no person on trial, 
continue none on trial, nor admit any into 
full connection in the conference, neither 
elect any to deacons' or elders' orders, 
whether traveling or local, who shall have 
ever belonged to the Masonic fraternity, 
who will not renounce all connections 
with Masons as such by withdrawing 
from the institution and promising to 
have no farther connection with Masons. 
This motion was submitted by James 
Hemingway and seconded by Philo 
Woodworth, which prevailed. C. H., p. 

Why was all this? If not because Free- 
masonry was contrary to God's law^ and 
our disciplinary law? Why all this ado 
if it is not an evil, as the Rev. Dr. Buck- 
ley denominates it? 

We should be as God designed, "a 
glorious church not having spot or wrin- 
kle or any such thing, but that it should 
be holy and without blemish," as saith the 
inspired penman. — Eph. 5 -.2']. 

That too many in our midst are mani- 
fest violators of this rule need not now 
be discussed. They have taken the oaths 
and obligations diametrically opposed co 
its principles. All who take the oaths of 
the Masonic institution who swear to 
keep the secrets of a brother Mason even 

irrespective of moral principles, are trans- 
gressors, as all Methodist ^Masons well 
know. Not only so, but are seriousl}- in- 
jured thereby, if not ruined. 

Need we say more other than, in the 
name of the Holy Trinity, Father, Son 
and Holy Ghost, appeal to this general 
conference, convened to devise liberal 
things and not allow the deep stain — this 
Jezebel of darkness — longer to abide, as 
an incubus to curse our church ! This 
maelstrom of destruction, into which 
many young ministers are drawn, lose 
their spirituality and are often ruined ? 

Rev. Dr. D. W. €. Huntington of Nebraska 
wrote recently: "My Dear Brother: I have 
had the conviction from a religious point of 
view it (Freemasonry) is injurious to those 
who are in it, and I have never known a 
Methodist minister whose spirituality or use- 
fulness has been improved by it. ^ I have 
known several who were evidently injiired 
by it. Yours sincerely. 

"D. W. C. Huntington, 
"(Ohancellor of Nebraska Universitv.) 

"March 28. 1904." 

And Rev. Dr. Daniel Steele, pastor, 
author and theological teacher, wrote: 

"Milton, Feb. 8, 1904. Dear Brother Post: 
I hope your tract (Optical Views) will do 
good service in keeping our young men free 
from entanglement of Freemasonry. When 
I was a member of Genesee conference in 
1871 I related my experience of perfect love 
at the session in Buffalo. As I went out a 
man in tears said to me: 'I once experienced 
this grace and know just when I lost it. It 
was when I Avas being initiated into the Ma- 
sonic lodge. Save the young preachers.' " 

Such cases are constantly being multi- 
plied among us. 

Was not John Wesley ''thrust out" to 
raise up a holy people ? Therefore, in the 
name of God, let us put away this evil 
from our midst and fulfill the design of 
our Heavenly Father in the case, and let 
us be a clean people. 

Therefore, ''Come out from among 
them, saith the Lord, the Holy One of 
Israel, and have no fellowship with un- 
fruitful works of darkness, but rather re- 
prove them." Eph. 5:11. 12. 

Most respectfully and sincerelv as in 
the sight of God this appeal is proffered. 
By all that is sacred and holv do not let 
the subject under review escape due 
notice and your godly attention ! 

\\'e appeal to this General Conference 
to put away the evil of secret societies 
from among us. Should not a full dis- 



August. 191)4. 

cussion of the question be considered or 
allowed? It should. "All important 
questions, no matter what the result may 
be, the more the discussion the better it 
is for the peace of the church." Surely 
then, a question of such importance and 
magnitude as the secret society question 
should be considered by this General Con- 

Rev. C. G. Finney, Bernard, Colver, 
Gates, Ronayne, Phillips, West, Seward, 
\A'ebster. President Adams. Sumner and 
Green, and the multitude that disbanded 
after the ]\Iorgan abduction, and hosts of 
others of our own church, all of whom 
declare with one voice substantially that 
secret societies are a great evil and 
"should not exist among a free people." 

Sincerely and anxioush', most respect- 
fuify submitted. 

Woodruff Post, and Others. 

Olean, N. Y., 1904. 


It is a question that puzzles the unini- 
tiated — that is, it puzzles many of them 
— how it is that the IMasonic Order seems 
to have a monopoly of the function of 
laying the corner-stones of public build- 
ings. By what right, or by what logical 
sequence, does a secret, exclusive society 
come in almost invariably as the repre- 
sentative of the people in such matters. 
The anomaly is emphasized by the fol- 
lowing paragraph in a Baltimore paper 
concerning the commencement of a gov- 
ernment building in that city : 

The corner stone of the new United States 
Custom House was laid on last Saturday 
afternoon, and from the reports published in 
the daily press of this city we learn that the 
ceremony was performed by the Grand 
Lodge of Masons of Maryland. The Masonic 
ritual was in evidence from start to finish. 
A mrade of the Masons preceded the cere- 
mony of the placing of the stone, in v/hich, 
by the way, beside the customary articles of 
deposit, were inserted reports and medals 
of the Masonic Order, all placed in a box in- 
scribed: This box and its contents are the 
property of the Most Worshipful Grand 
Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of Mary- 
land, and is to be returned to them on the 
demolition of this building." 

In answer to the query, Why is it so? 
that is often asked, we submit that the 

men who have the oversight of such 
structures are, with rare exception, mem- 
bers of secret organizations. Of these 
Masonry is the head, and gives character 
to all the others. Membership in those 
of less magnitude inculcates a taste for 
iVIasonry and an ambition to attain to it. 
Therefore the Masonic Order is looked 
up to by the others as an institution enti- 
tled to especial honor, and people who do 
not belong- to any order, and the number 
is growing less, concede the honor with- 
out practical protest. 

The influence of secret societyism in 
politics, and therefore in all public af- 
fairs, may be illustrated by an instance 
known to the writer. A young man, well 
qualified for the position, applied for a 
place in the railway mail service. The 
application had to go through the local 
postmaster and the Congressman repre- 
senting that district, both of whom were 
prominent in a certain order. The young 
man waited and waited, and was put off 
with various excuses for about two years, 
while later applicants were getting places. 
At last'his claim' was pressed to the point 
where he was plainly told that he would 
have to join a certain secret order. He 
did so, and soon had his position in the 
service. That was thirty years ago, and 
he is now a veteran, with a good general 

Why, then, is the Masonic Order so 
prominent in these public functions? — 
Because of the secret society influence in 
procuring public positions, and because 
Masonry is the recognized head and front 
of all secret societyism. IT DEMANDS 
has such a foothold in public affairs that 
men in high official circles dare not ignore 
its demands. G. 

— The Signs of the Times. 

The best family record known to the 
editor is the one published by Rev. S. B. 
Shaw, 212 West Chicago avenue, Chica- 
go, 111. Price from $2.00 tO' $4.50, ac- 
cording to binding. It will" make a val- 
uable wedding souvenir. 

To keep heart and mind occupied with 
right employment and the hands with 
ennobling toil is to enter the kingdom of 


Christian Workers' Tracts 

Why I Left the Rebekah Lodge. 

Mrs. Elizabeth M. Rull. 

6 pages, postpaid, each 2 cents. 
A package of 25 sent for 25 cents. 

Why I Left the Masons. 

Col. George R. Clarke, 

A Thirty-two Degree Freemason, 
an Officer of the Civil War, Founder 
of "Pacific Garden Mission," Chi- 
cago, and a Christian Worker of 
National Reputation. 
II pages, postpaid, each 2 cents. 
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Experience of Stephen Merritt, the 
Evangelist, a 138-degree Freemason. 

7 pages, postpaid, each 2 cents. 

A package of 25 sent for 25 cents. 

Qraciously Delivered 

From Seven Secret Societies. Rev. 
E. G. Wellesley- Wesley. 

8 pages, postpaid, each 2 cents. 

A package of 25 sent for 25 cents. 

Church and Lodge. 

An Address Delivered at Mr. Moody's 
"Conference for Christian Workers," 
at Northfield, Mass., by Pres. Charles 
A. Blanchard, D.D. 

15 pages, postpaid, each 2 cents. 

A package of 25 sent for 25 cents. 
Baptist Testimonies. 

From Rev. S. P. Henson, D.D., Rev. 
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Are Secret Societies a Diessinr^ 
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Jan. 4, 1891. W, McCoy writes: "That sermon 

ought to be in the hands of every preacher in this 

land, and every citizen's, too." 


...;.i Sweet Gyhosure'.^ 
^-M/ FAR Fixed 
In §poTLE55 Fields/ 
High In The Regions 

■<^0F THE ^' 

^^ Polar Might. 
Thou 5erv'5t 

(Luther's Batt e Hymn.) 
A mijjhty Fortress is our God. 

A trusty Shield and Weapon: 
He does His g-raeions lielp accord 
His troul)Ied congregation. 
The old evil Foe 
Now means deadly woe; 
Deep guile and dread might 
Are his fell arms in fight, 
On earth is not his equal. 

With might of ours can naught be done, 

Our loss is soon effected; 
For us does the Valiant One, 
Whom God Hihiself elected, 
Of Whom angels tell. 
Great Immanuel. 
Lord of Sabaoth. 
Jehovah. Christ our God. 
He must obtain the victory. 

Though devils all the world should till. 

All eager to devour us. 
We tremble not. and fear no ill. 
They shall not overpower us. 
The prince of this world. 
Though fiercely he scowls, 
Can yet harm, us none. 
He's judged: his power is gone. 
OiH' little word* can fell him. 

The Word they shall allow to stand. 

Though they disdain to hear it: 
It is a power in the land 

With its rich gifts and spirit. 
Though they take our life. - 
Goods, fame, child and wife. 
Let all pass away: 
They have not won the day. 
For ours remains tlu' Kingdom. 

Tho word .T('sus. 



Managing Editor 

221 West Madison Street, Chicago 

« 1 


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Folly, Expense and Danger 

Secret Societies. 

of Wheaton College. 

They may be rudely classified as religious; 
-e. g., the Jesuits, Freemasonry, Oddfellow- 
ship, the Knights of Pythias, etc.: political, as 
the Know-nothings, Knights of the Golden 
Circle, the Order of American Deputies, the 
Kuklux-Klan, the White League, etc.: indus- 
trial; as the unions of carpenters, bricklayers, 
conductors, engineers, etc.: insurance; as the 
Royal Arcanum, the Modern Woodmen, the 
Order of the Iron Hall, the Ancient Order of 
United Mechanics, etc.: and the social; as the 
college fraternities. Postpaid 5 cents each. 

Royal Neighbors of America 

Ritual and Installation Work 

Price, postpaid, 10 cts. 

This Order is the auxiliary branch of the 
Modern Woodmen of America, to which the 
latter and women relatives are eligible. 

221 West Madison St., Chicago, 111. 

Council of the OrierA. Pocket 

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The Complete Standi.:-d Ritual of Council 
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i-iiving the Degrees of Royal Master. Select Mas- 
■'.ei and Super Er.cellent Master. 


The Unions or the People 129 

Bishop Potter 129 

The Daily Papers 130 

From Albert Barnes 130 

The Black Hand 131 

Russian Secrecy 131 

Want No Negro Order 131 

Trade Unionist Detests Ohurc-hes 131 

The Boston G. A. R. Encampment 132 

Moral Obtusenesis 133 

Reform Spreads in Brazi; .134 

A Full Salvation ; 135 

Shall Cburcili Rules Be Relaxed? ... 135 

From John Wesley 137 

The Adventures of a Youthful Bandit. 137 

The Seceders' Defense 139 

Employers' ^and Employes' Net Proceeds 139 

American Industries Federated 140 

Union that Is Disunion 141 

Extortion Charged on Union Organizer. 141 

Rev. Samuel H. Swartz 142 

Legion of Honor in Trouble 142 

Come Out First 143 

Spurgeon on Unequal Yoking 144 

General Giant ' 144 

Court Decision for Open, Shop 145 

Obituary— F. C. Hitchcock 146 

From Secretary Stoddard 151 

From Charles A. Lagville 152 

J. H. Bullloch, Esq., Seceder 153 

Mysteries, Secrets and Emblems 154 

Morgan's Exposure — By Eld. Woodruff 

Posit ; : 154 

Treason and Free iSpeech 155 

Masonic Sign Won Freedom 156 

How to Stop Hazing 157 

Rulers Who Were Masons 158 

Cloth 35c, pape. 

Secret Societies, 


A discussion of their character and claims 63 
Rev. David McDill, Pres. j. Blanchard and Rev 
Edward Beecher. 

Freemasonry Symbolized in Rev= 
elation. By Rev. Jas. P. Stod- 
dard. 30c. each. 

This is an attempt to answer the question whether 
there is " a prodigious system (drawing into itself 

Church and Lodge. 2c. each. 

Address delivered at Northfield, Mass., August 
7th, 1895, by Pres. C. A. Blanchard, Wheaten Col- 
lege, Ills., before some 1,500 Christian workers 
gathered from all parts of the United States, to Mr. 
Moody's "Conference for Christian Workers," as 
reported in the November number of Northfield 
Echoes This is a most excellent address for free 

"Jesus answered him,— 1 spake openly to the world; aud in secret have I said nothing." John 18:20. 








221 West Madison St., Chicago 

Entered at the Post Office, Chicago, 111., as second- 
class matter. 

Have you read on page 139 "Employ- 
ers' and Employes' Net Proceeds"? It 
is important and valuable. 

A new lodge device for the initiation 
of a candidate is a patent gallows, with 
noose, trap-door and all the apparent ma- 
chinery for an actual hang-ing. A fur- 
ther description will be given in a future 
number of the Cvnosure. 

The A. O. U. W. Bulletin for July has 
this note : "The Ritual Committee failed 
to secure a suitable ritual and another ex- 
cellent committee was appointed. It is 
hoped that before the next Supreme 
Lodge meets a satisfactory ritual may be 
found." From this is it understood that 
the Workmen are trying- to improve upon 
their ritual. The order had a net loss of 
5,712 members for July. It seems that 
the new blood theorv is not working well 
in the A. O. U. W." 


The United States census is said by 
Secretary Cortelyou to report about 18,- 
500,000 people in the United States who 
labor with their hands. Of these 4,000,- 
000 are women. This reckoning leaves 
14,500,000 men laborers. 

Out of these Gompers claims approxi- 
mately 2,000,000, or less than one-seventh 
of the men laborers, as trades union mem- 

bers. Less than 15 per cent of American 
laborers are led by the union halter, more 
than 85 per cent are free. It is said that 
while Gompers makes the above claim, 
the Federation of Labor actually shows 
only 1,230,618 members in good standing. 
Should Congress be persistently be- 
sought to enact dangerous, or selfish, class 
legislation, for the benefit of less than 15 
per cent of the laboring people, and 
against the interest of over 85 per cent? 
Should it give powers to a little over one 
million, denied to 75,000,000 or more, 
and justly denied for the sake of the wel- 
fare of all? Shall a minority so small 
trample on the interests of a majority so 
large? Shall this country be managed 
for the good of the people, or for "the 
satisfaction of 'a few comparatively in- 
significant clans, while they assume atti- 
tudes hostile to the people? 

Bishop Potter, of the Episcopal 
Church, has recently helped in the open- 
ing of a saloon, the only difference be- 
tween it and other saloons being that 
women are permitted in the front instead 
of the rear room. Bishop Potter, it is 
said, takes a drink himself, and does not 
favor the work of the W. C. T. U. or 
Prohibition party. But think of a Bishop 
taking part in the opening of a saloon 
and singing, "Praise God, From Whom 
All Blessings Flow!" No wonder that 
some have exclaimed, God save the Bish- 
op. And God save the church that per- 
mits such a bishop. Not long since he 
advocated the organization of boys' secret 
lodges by the Masons, that should pre- 
pare them for graduation into the IMa- 
sonic lodge when they became of age. His 
suggestion, according to the public press, 
has been adopted in some places. "\\'hen 
Rev. Dr. Briggs was excluded from the 
Presbyterian Church for denial of funda- 
mental truth, he was received into Xlr^ 



September, 1904. 

Episcopal Church, and this same Dr. Pot- 
ter scored the Presbyterian Assembly as 
"ignorant of the progress of sound learn- 
ing"' and "malignant and unscrupulous in 
its mutilations and perversions" of what 
Dr. Briggs had said. As a high Mason 
and high church official and patron of 
New York saloons and boys' Masonic 
lodges, he has a reputation that possesses 
little in common with the true Christian 

When a Christian woman marries a 
drunkard for the sake of reforming him, 
she makes a very dangerous and usually 
fatal experiment. 

A man, who will not give up his evil 
habits for the sake of the woman he de- 
sires to marry, will be very unlikely to do 
so after marriage. 

The church that receives into its fel- 
lowship a secretist with the expectation of 
reforming him has also made a dangerous 

The candidate for church fellowship, 
who will not cease from those lodge rela- 
tions, that are offensive to the moral sense 
of the church, before hi? formal recep- 
tion as a member, is far less likely to do so 
afterward. He may even plead the fact 
of his reception as sufficient proof that 
he needed no repentance — the church it- 
self being the judge. 

The safe rule is for churches and indi- 
viduals to "have no fellowship with the 
unfruitful works of darkness, but rather 
reprove them." 


Are They Being Converted? 

The Chicago Record-Herald last month 
contained an interesting anti-secrecy ar- 
ticle, and we publish the following from 
the Pittsburg Times, and hope that these 
papers are an earnest of the opening of 
the columns of the secular press through- 
out the country to the much-needed dis- 
cussion of the lodge question. 

To the Editor of The Times— Sir : It 
is amusing, or rather it is pitiful, to see 
the criticisms of the daily press upon the 
''unreasonable" demands and the some- 
time outrages of the labor unions. These 
unreasonable demands and outrages are 
simply the legitimate outcome of the se- 

cret lodge system. The whole lodge sys- 
tem is organized selfishness. It begins in. 
selfishness and ends in cruelty. 

The "secret empire" is a monstrous 
despotism. Freemasonry is the mother 
of the whole iniquitous brood of secret 
lodges which constitute that dangerous 
empire-. The ax should be laid at the root 
of the tree bearing such fruit as the "un- 
reasonable" demands, etc. Until the daily 
press gets grace enough to attack the sys- 
tem, such editorials as those we are -ac- 
customed to see remind one of "the 
mother whipping her boy — the hard 
stroke is up." The press must get out of 
the glass house and then throw stones. 

Is this a country of freedom and of 
free men? Certainly no lodge man is a 
free man — nor will he allow others to be 
free if he can prevent it. Revelation 
13 : 16, 17. Think on these things. Ver^ 
cordially, J. R. Millin. 

Allegheny, Pa. 


In commenting on Eph. 5:11 he says 
that during the Roman persecutions all. 
that was asked of Christians was that 
they cast a little incense on the altar of 
a heathen god. They suffered death rath- 
er than take part in heathen worship. 
Dr. Barnes says : "The radical idea is 
that Christians were to abstain from all 
connection with unbelievers — with infi- 
dels and heathens." 
—Barnes' Notes, p. 152. 

"Plave no fellowship" means have no 
religious connection with heathens or 
their worship. The "unfruitful works- 
of darkness" probably alludes, he says, 
to the mysteries among the heathens, 
and the differing- lustrations (symbols) 
and rites through which the initiated 
went in the caves and dark recesses 
where these mysteries were celebrated ; 
all of which he (the apostle) denominates 
works of darkness, because they were 
destitute of true wisdom ; and unfruitful 
works because they were of no use to 
mankind ; the initiated being obliged, on 
pain of death, to keep secret what they 
had seen, and heard, and done. Plow 
then could they keep up the profession 
of Christianity or pretend to be under 
its influence while they had communion 

September, 1904. 



with darkness, concord with BeHal, and 
partook with infidels? 
—Com. on Eph. v., 11. 


The ItaUan secret lodge called the 
*'Black Hand" has been frequently in 
evidence during the past month. It is 
charged with the kidnapping of a child 
and holding it for ransom, the injury of a 
score or more of persons by the throwing 
of a bomb into their midst, and, more re- 
cently, with the murder of a boy for giv- 
ing warning to the police. Other lodges 
in the United States with the death pen- 
alty are the Freemasons, Clan-na-Gael, 
High Binders and the r\Iafia. 


The* day after his assassination an 
American daily said : "Von Plehve was 
for years the head of the Russian secret 
police, and he brought the force to the 
highest possible point of discipline. He 
was able through it to keep the people 
in constant terror and to strike any real 
or supposed enemy of the empire. He 
never showed mercy, and on many oc- 
casions mercy would have saved much to 
Russia. He was at the last himself the 
victim of another secret organization that 
struck as certainly and as much under 
cover as the force of which he was for 
years the supreme director and the 

Race prejudice and class hatrecl are 
fruits of secretism. It is, as far as possi- 
ble, producing Asiatic conditions of caste 
in the United vStates. Many lodges draw 
the color line and others the ''scab" line, 
and yet they have the effrontery to claim 
that they are par excellence the exposi- 
tion of the great doctrine of the Father- 
hood of God and Brotherhood of ^len. 


Ked Men of Virginia Will Try to Revoke 

Norfolk, Va., July 14. — The members 
of the Order of Red Men in \'irginia are 
going to make a stiff fight against the 
charter granted to a negro lodge which 
was organized in this city. 

When the white members learned of 
the charter there was much indignation 
and all of the lodges in the State were no- 
tified. The result was that Thomas H. 
Wilcox, of Norfolk, has been employed 
as counsel to bring action against the ne- 
gro order in the courts, and an effort will 
be made to have the charter revoked! The 
grounds have not been stated. The name 
of the negro lodge is the "Afro-American 
Order of Red :\Ien." 


On a Sunday afternoon when a preach- 
er belonging to the Presbyterian Board of 
Missions had spoken in Bricklayers' Hall, 
Chicago, a trades unionist or socialist 
said : 

'T want you to understand that trades 
unionism is tired of the church and its 
religious twaddle. It is tired of your 
doctrine of brotherly love. It is time that 
the workingmen of this country realized 
that the church has nothing for them and 
that they repudiated it as a menace to 
their welfare." 

Is the trade union sometimes a menace 
to the church also, to its members, and to 
their fellow citizens, including- trades 

The gospel of Jesus Christ is revealed 
at the well of Sychar as truly as in the 
sermon on the mount. Precept has its 
truest corollarv in service. 


September, 1904. 




To-day, the i6th day of August, the 
Grand Parade of the G. A. R. too-k place 
in this city. There were 25,000 in Hne. 
Among these were Posts of colored vet- 
erans. And several Posts of white sol- 
diers had colored soldiers in their ranks. 
The faded and tattered banners of the 
Civil A\'ar were borne by many Posts. 
The route covered some five miles. It 
took five hours for them to pass the stand 
of Governor Bates in front of the State 
House and Mayor Collins' before the City 
Building. Mattresses were provided for 
10,000 in the INIechanics' Building. The 
rest were accommodated in hotels and 
lodging houses. A representation of Con- 
fed-erate troops in gray was in line. A 
new generation has arisen since these 
men were mustered out. Their ranks are 
being depleted. Many in line fourteen 
years ago when their encampment was in 
this city are not here to-day. And four- 
teen years hence few will be left of the 
men in line to-day. When Xerxes re- 
viewed his army of 5,000,000 he wept. 
When asked why, he replied, "Because 
I know that fifty years from now these 
men will all be in their graves." 

2So Need of Being Secret. 

There is no need for the G. A. R. being 
a secret lodge. The men who faced death 
at the cannon's' mouth should be the last 
to stoop to secret methods. The men 
who endured the hardships of the cam- 
paign, the battle-field, of the unsanitary 
prison-pens, should be willing to endure 
hardness as good soldiers of the cross of 
Jesus Christ, as witnesses "for the cause 
that needs assistance, 'gainst the wrongs 
that need resistance." They would be 
stronger and more effective in everything 
that makes for righteousness in following 
the footsteps of Him who said, "I ever 
spake openly, and in secret have I said 
nothing." Secret methods belong to the 
works of darkness that will not bear the 
light. Open and public methods belong 
to the children of the light and of the 

Contrast Our Country with Others. 

The G. A. R. veterans fought for the 
unity and integrity of our nation. On 
board the ship from Liverpool was an 
Indian prince, who boasted that the Hin- 
doo religion was older than Christianity, 
and therefore better. But Hindoo faith 
did not produce a public school system 
nor a free government like the United 
States. There was . an educated China- 
man, a Mandarin, who boasted of the 
wonderful teachings of Confucius. But 
China is a sufficient answer to Confucian- 
ism. There was also a Frenchman. But 
the Reign of Terror is the proof that 
French infidehty cannot produce a free 
government. There was also a Roman 
Catholic priest who praised the Papacy 
for its unity and catholicity. But Spain, 
Italy, Mexico and South America are the 
undeniable evidence that Rome makes a 
wilderness, not a garden. There was also 
a colored Presbyterian minister. Presi- 
dent of Biddle University of North Caro- 
lina. He told of what Christianity had 
done for his people in the South. There 
are 10^00,000 of them. Forty years ago 
they came out of slayery. Now there are 
130,000 farms owned by colored people, 
valued at $350,000,000. In addition to 
these farms they have 150,000 homes, 
valued at $265,000,000. And in addition 
to these farms and homes they own per- 
sonal property valued at $165,000,000. So 
that while they began without anything 
forty years ago, now they have nearly 
$800,000,000 worth of property. There 
are 800 physicians from the colored peo- 
ple, 300 colored lawyers and 30,000 col- 
ored teachers. Forty per cent of the 
colored people can read and write, and 
fifty per cent are in school. They have 
300,000 volumes in their homes, and 450 
newspapers and magazines are owned and 
published by colored editors. He said 
the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amend- 
ments were providentially placed in the 
Constitution in 1868. "They would not 
be voted in now. And no political party 
would assume the responsibility of taking 
them out. They are there" and there to 
stay. They are the breakwater, and our 
rights are secure. All we need is time 
and patience to fit ourselves for our high 
calling." And straightening himself up, 
he said with wonderful satisfaction, ''I 
am an American citizen and no one can 

September. 3904. 



say more than that." This is what Chris- 
tianity has done for the colored people. 
And there was a Scotch Covenanter there 
who contended that God had brought to 
America a little Italy, a little Germany, 
a little Poland, a little France and a little 
Ireland. And these were placed in the 
alembic of our public schools and there 
prepared and formed into one composite 

The Soldiers of the Civil War Fought for 
Christian Civilization. 

They fought four years for peace, and 
then they returned to the occupations of 
a peaceful people. There is no sublimer 
scene than the United States Army mus- 
tered out in 1865 and returning home to 
resume their work. God called them to 
war and they responded : then he called 
them to peace and they obeyed. 



It would be man^elous, if it were not so 
common, that people fail to see things in 
their true moral relations, and are con- 
tinually calling evil good and g"Ood evil. 
The past is full of illustrations; but the 
most marked example at present is in the 
toleration and tacit, approval of the secret 
lodge system, by men had in reputation 
for character and piety. The absurd and 
blasphemous titles, the puerile ceremo- 
nies, the profane and unauthorized oaths 
(especially of Freemasonry), the unlaw- 
ful penalties, the immoral covenants, and 
the Christless religion, fail to make any 
just impression on the minds of men of 
otherwise acute understanding. 

Almost Color-Blind. 

The reasons for this moral obscuration 
are many. I will point to a few. I notice 
first, an oljtusen^s in men's moral per- 
ceptions. God has not given to all people 
equal capacities. Some persons are near- 
ly color-blind ; others have little capacity 
to appreciate musical sounds, and the 
most artistic efforts of the musician fall 
on inattentive ears. So, too, many per- 
sons are unable to make nice moral dis- 
tinctions. Their ideas of right and wrong- 
are almost wholly conventional ; and 
though well-meaning in a general sense, 
they are almost wholly governed by their 
environment. Such persons are less wick- 

ed than unfortunate. Some of them may 
be Christians, but they are in great need 
of moral education, and are unfit to be 
spiritual teachers. 

The Voice of the People as the Voice of God. 

Second. The power of public opinion. 
The vox populi may be generally right, 
but it is often wrong. Right or wrong, 
however, it has a tremendous power over 
the average mind. Truth does not change, 
but the ability to see the truth varies 
greatly. Polygamy and the use of intoxi- 
cating drinks have had their apologists 
and defenders among Christians. The 
trial by battle, in which both parties ven- 
tured their lives in the settlement of 
questions which are now determined only 
by evidence in courts of justice, was once 
sanctioned and provided for by the 
church. Both slavery and the slave- 
trade were once regarded with indiffer- 
ence, if not approval, by the large major- 
ity of American citizens. The slave-trade 
was protected for twenty years by the 
Constitution of the United States, and 
lynching and dueling still have their apol- 
ogists among those who are called Chris- 

W ill Not Read. 

A third cause of this moral apathy is a 
refusal to investigate. This is altogethei 
inexcusable on the part of the Christian 
ministry, for it is their special mission to 
inquire into, and decide upon, all ethical 
questions. But the great mass of the 
people are so intensely busy with matters 
that seem to be of pressing importance, 
that they think they have no time to in- 
quire into things that are not thrust up- 
on them and admit of no delay. That Our 
nation has lived and grown in spite of. 
manv sore and perplexing- evils, makes 
them optimistic, if not indift'erent. 

The Hopeful Outlook. 

Still, there is much in the outlook that 
is hopeful. The moral development of 
the church has been slow and not always 
uniform, but it has been continuous. 
There is no question that some things 
that found toleration in the primitive 
church would not be "so much as named" 
by the Christians of to-day. There has 
been great progress in the sentiment 
against slavery, intemperance, and gam- 
bling ; and even dueling and war are com- 
ing to be regarded as relics of barbarism. 



September. 190-1. 

How scon the entire lodge system will 
come to be classed wirh the condemned 
and discarded customs, remains to be 
seen. The secret labor unions are com- 
pelling attention to the crimes that they 
tolerate. Xot only the labor question, but 
tlie whole secrecy system, must have an 
investigation. IMeanwhile, we work on 
and hope on. 


It Supports a Weekly Newspaper— There 
Are Fifty-two Cougreiiations and 2,00O 
>1 embers. 

]\Ir. AMlliam I. Phillips : 

]\Iy Dear Brother in Christ : Only now, 
after such a long lapse of time, I have the 
opportunity to answer your precious let- 
ters of January 8th and 13th, as well as 
that of Mr. Hitchcock of January i8th. 

First of all I must thank you for the 
very excellent book, "Alodern Secret So- 
cieties,*' which you sent me. We liked it 
very much. It is a clear and concise sum- 
mary of all that has been and can be said 
about secret societies, and has already as- 
sisted our friend. Rev. Eduardo C. Pe- 
reira, in some of his last writings against 
the enemies of the true Christian light. I 
also thank you for the interest you show 
in our movement against Masonry, in our 
desire to bring about an era of true refor- 
mation in the church, as well as your 
words of comfort and encouragement. 
Such loving words do a great deal of 
good to our hearts. 

Answering now your question, I have 
to say that we have now a weekly anti- 
^lasonic paper at St. Paul, Brazil, which 
is the organ of the Independent Presby- 
terian Church. I send you herewith all 
the numbers of this first five months, and 
hencefortli the paper will be mailed to yoai 
regularly. Through our paper you will 
be able to follow our independent move- 
ment, our struggle for the purity of the 
faith and of the church, as well as the 
war made against us. You will also 
learn of our victories. 

I will give you a few items of news. 
The Presbytery of the Independent Pres- 
byterian Church met, for the first time, in 
the city of Campinas from January I3tli 
to 2 1 St. There were present at this meet- 
ing nine ministers, eight ruling elders and 
two delegates. It was brought to the 

knowledge of this meeting that, as to 
financial resources, the church was able 
to gather in cash, from July 31st, 1903, 
to January, 1904, the amount of four 
thousand four hundred dollars ($4,400). 
Such a sum, keeping in mind that we are 
few and not rich, represents a consider- 
able effort from the brethren. It shows 
that our church has a great love, an ines- 
timable self-denial. One minister was ac- 
cepted as a member, in addition to the 
aforesaid number. It vvas reported that 
there had taken place during this semes- 
ter one hundred new professions of faith 
in the Lord Jesus Christ. Numbering all 
the new adherents, the Independent Pres- 
byterian Church must have, on January, 
1904, at least 2,600 believers in full com- 

There are in our church fifty-two con- 
gregations, spread all over the country. 
An evangelist was sent by the Presbytery 
to the northern part of Brazil, as far as 
Manans. The object of this preacher is 
to encourage the churches which have 
cast their lot with us and give them a due 

The w^ar made against our church on 
account of its anti-Masoni« ■ testimony, 
has been awful, mainly from the breth- 
ren of the old Presbyterian denomination. 
They are always striving to ridicule us 
and to demorahze our movem<ent by as- 
cribing strange and unworthy motives to 
the chiefs of the propaganda. We thank 
God, however, that, in spite of such a 
fearful war and without the agency "of 
proselyting, the current of newcomers is 
being kept up, and so the churches are al- 
ways gTowing in number. 

By the close of next July we intend to 
celebrate our first anniversary, and then 
I will be very glad to send the statistics 
of our young church during its first year 
of existence. 

Asking the prayers and sympathy of 
our brethren over there, I remain, yours 
fraternally, N. S. Couto. 

Sao Paulo, June 30, 1904. 

''Women are certainly worse than 
men,'' insisted the man. "We do not read 
in the Scripture that seven devils were 
ever cast out of any man." ''No,'' 
promptly retorted the woman, "They've 
got 'em yet!'' 



September, 1004. 



The trouble in those testifying churches 
wliere the law has been loosely adminis- 
tered is chiefly with the pastors. A man 
comes into the community who is a mem- 
l3er of some secret society, and the pas- 
tor, instead of lionoring the church by 
showing why it has such a testimony and 
instructing him, immediately begins to 
see if the church law can not be waived 
.and the lodge man admitted. The result 
is a new member uninstructed and one 
semi-hostile to the church testimony. 


(From the German.) 

A full salvation God has wrought 
From grace and pure compassion: 

Oood AYOiks can never help us aught, 
They cannot give protection: 

Our faith on Jesus Christ must look. 
Who on Him all transgression took; 
He is the Mediator. 

Good works, by love of God inspired, 

In fact, a godlike nature 
And holy powers, the Law required 

Of me, the fallen creature, 
And caused my wrath and sore distress. 

Ah: spirit is not horn of flesh! — 
I was a poor, lost sinner. 

Thereby the thought did me delude, 

That by the Law — the letter. 
In stone engraved — we sinners should, 

From choice of will, grow better. 
A mirror 'tis that does reflect 

Our inborn sin, that sad defect 
\Yithin our nature hidden. 

Who by his strength would change his 

And sinful disposition, 
And serve his Maker, was at last 

A wor^e child of perdition. 
From pride and secret hate of God; — 
■'Twas blows he feared or gain he sought; 

His was the bondman's service. 

But yet the Law had to be done, 
Or lost was he who's human; 

So God did send His only Son, 
Born of a maiden woman. 

This Righteous Servant kept the Law, 

Sprang into death's wide-open jaw, 
And gained us life eternal. 

And as the Law received its due 

By Christ, our Mediator. 
Learn, Christian, now to rightly view 

Faith's real form and nature. 
No more than: ''Gracious Lord divine, 
Thou diedst for me: Thy life is mine; 

I live, an heir of lieaven.'' 

This faith Avithin my heart I bear 
On Christ's own Word relying: 

Our Lord exclaims: "None shall despair." 
This He is never Iving. 

"Who does believe and is baptized," 
He has indeed been canonizepd. 
And sliall pass into glor^'. 

Ah! righteous is in God's own sight 
Who trusts in Christ, the Savior; 

Thereafter faith shines as a light 
In a godlike behavior. 

Our faith alone with God must deal: 

Our love will seek our neighbors weal, 
When we believe in Jesus. 

The Law our sin and sentence sliows, 
So that we stand confounded: 

The Gospel righteousness bestows. 
Works faith and joy unbounded: 

So to the Cross, poor sinner, creep. 

But anguish from the Law you reap; 
By it but lives who keeps it. 

True faith by works grows manifest; 

Draw therefore this conclusion: 
A faith which you of works divest 

Is only a delusion. 
Yet mark! as it on Christ relies 
In so far faith but justifies: 

So don't forget the cov'nant. 


What Rule Is Best for Securing Vouiii^ Meii. 
for Christ? 


The question submitted to me is this, 
"Would it be better for churches which 
are opposed to secret societies to refuse 
admission to young men who are con- 
nected witn various beneficiary organiza- 
tions, or to receive them to membership 
in the church and seek to wean them 
from the lodge afterwards ?" This ques- 
tion is suggested by the fact that the 
young men of our generation are so large- 
ly hostile or indifferent to the church. In 
our cities, and in country places as well, 
a large per cent of the young men are 
connected with various beneficiary organ- 
izations. Some of them are opposed to 
the older orders such as the Jesuits, Free- 
masonry, Oddfellowship, and the like. 
They have united with these fraternal or- 
ganizations for the purpose of insur- 
ance. Many of them attend the meetings 
seldom or not at all. Ministers are rais- 
ing the question whether or not the rules 
which forbid membership in the church 
to such persons should not be relaxed, the 
thought being that some of them might 
be drawn to the church and ultimately 
from the lodge. 

Not Condeninetl for Poor Business Judjjrinent, 

The answer to this question depends 
upon the character of these organizations. 



September, 1904. 

That they are financially unsound seems 
clear from the very principles upon which 
they are constructed. As temporary ex- 
pedients, while the greater part of the 
membership is young, they may do, but 
when the membership grows older, death 
assessments become so frequent or so 
large as to cripple or destroy them. It 
is stated that over i,8oo fraternal insur- 
ance companies, each of them involving 
the lodge principle, have perished within 
the last twenty years. Almost every week 
some new name is added to this long 
death roll; but the church, which should 
care for the material interests of its mem- 
bers, is not chiefly concerned with them. 
It should antagonize these lodges because 
they are financially injurious, but this 
alone would not furnish a good reason 
for excluding their members from church 
membership. No man should be denied 
the privileges of the church because his 
business judgment is poor. The exclu- 
sion must be justified, if at all, on the 
ground that these lesser orders are one 
in principle with the greater. 

Membership in Pagan Religions Organi- 
zations Ought to Debar from Church Fel- 

Freemasonry, Oddfellowship and all 
similar organizations are pagan religions. 
The god whom they worship is the god 
of this world. He is not God the Father 
of our Lord Jesus Christ. Their prayers 
are not offered in the name of Jesus, their 
creed is deistic, their ceremonies are de- 
grading to manhood and even dangerous 
TO life and limb, their obligations are anti- 
Christian. If the beneficiary orders are 
W the same sort, of course the church 
.vhOLild require persons who are members 
«\f them to cease from that membership 
v»otore they seek to identify themselves 
\\ ith it. 

Minor and Major Orders the Same in Nature 
and Tendency. 

I am satisfied that the lesser or- 
ders, as they are called, are the same in 
nature and tendency with those that are 
called greater. The Modern Woodmen 
of America, when organized, attempted 
to omit e\ery thing of a religious charac- 
ter. Xo prayers were provided, no 
Scriptures were to be read. The 
organization was declared by its 
founder to be ]^urely secular and 
to have no purpose except the re- 

lief of suffering and need. Yet the 
Woodmen have already a burial service. 
They are now asking ministers to preach 
sermons to them once a year and are go- 
ing on the Sabbath days to the grave- 
yards for memorial services there. The 
fact is men need some religion. They 
wish it, and when they are not willing to 
be Christians they make a religion for 
themselves. If this be the case, I am de- 
cidedly of the opinion that churches 
should instruct young men regarding 
them before and not after they become 

If we allow that these beneficiary or- 
ders are evil in essential respects, and if 
we hold that young men should antago- 
nize them, the duty of the church is then 
to be determined, first, as' respects her 
children and, second, as regards those 
who are not connected with it. 

How to Treat Young Men Reared in Christian 

As to its children, the clear and obvious 
work of the church is education and when 
this duty is done the church may reason- 
ably, expect to hold the young people 
who grow^ up in its .homes. The churches 
which perform this duty have to a great 
extent preserved their young people for 
themselves. Sons and daughters in Chris- 
tian homes should be devoted to the 
churches in which they are raised, while 
they are children. Christianity is not a 
mystery to be understood and accepted 
by philosophers. It is a practical scheme 
and so plain that a wayfaring man need 
not make serious mistakes regarding it. 
It is true of the church on earth as of the 
church in heaven that men cannot sin- 
cerely enter it until they become as lit- 
tle children. If you examine the religious 
organizations which exclude secret so- 
cieties you find them composed very 
largely of men. If you examine churches 
which are not opposed to secret societies, 
you will find them largely composed of 
women and girls. 

The attempt to draw men into the 
church by leaving them in ignorance of 
the true character of the" adversaries of 
the church has been a disastrous failure. 
There is no reason to suppose that it will 
be more successful in the future than it 
has been in the past. If the church will 
teach our young men what they ought to 
know, and live before them as it should. 

September, 1904. 



they will unite with the church and will 
not liaAX to be coaxed to leave lodg-es. 

What Rule for Other YoutiK Men r 

Respecting the work for young men 
who are not reared in Christian homes, the 
idea of the church is still to educate. At 
the present time we hear much said about 
attracting people to the churches. Va- 
rious devices are used for this purpose, 
and they have a greater or less degree of 
success, but it is evident to any one who 
has studied the question that attracting 
people to the church for an occasion and 
attracting them to an intelligent and con- 
stant membership in it are widely differ- 
ent things. The only churches which 
have succeeded in doing the latter are 
those which have preached the gospel, 
and thus met the deeper needs of the hu- 
man heart. Hired singers, entertainments, 
popular addresses and the like may draw 
a large number' of persons to the church 
but unfortunately they will soon fall away 
and will do very little good while they are 

God's Standard Ought Not to Be Relaxed. 

What is needed for the church is a com- 
pany of men and women truly converted 
and fully consecrated to the work of sav- 
ing others from the death of sin. These 
cannot be secured by any hocus pocus, 
but only by the power of God. This pow- 
er is not granted to tricks and devices, but 
to penitence, faith and prayer. Churches 
and persons wdio desire God may be as- 
sured of His presence and blessing and 
wdien they have Him they will secure all 
the favor with men that will be good for 
them. What our churches should do is 
not to lower the standard which the wo'*d 
of God sets up, but to abide by it and 
bring the people up to it. This is the path 
of dutv and of victorv. 



And have no fellowship with the im- 
fruitful works of darkness. Ephesians, 

Whatever it costs, flee spiritual adul- 
tery ! Have no friendships with the 
world. Thy life is at stake ; eternal life 
or eternal death ! Oh, come out from 
among them, from all unholy men, how- 
ever harmless they may appear, and be 
ye separate. 
—Wesley's Sermons, Vol. 2, p. 204. 


It was a gloomy and forbidding night. 
The darkness and silence were sepulchral. 
^Moreover, it was very late — quite ten 
o'clock. Never before in the eight long 
years of his eventful life had that hour 
found Rex astir. But this was a night 
momentous and unique, the occasion of 
his initiation into the Brotherhood of Bold 
Banditti. You may consider this an 
early age for such social advancement, 
and in this you- agree with the captain 
of the Banditti, Mel Knox by name. 

Now, it is one of the disadvantages 
which the public school system shares 
wath life in general, that it leads to the 
forming of undesirable acquaintances. 
Rex Merriman's mother would have held 
up her jeweled hands in horror at I\Iel 
Knox. He was a child of the tenements. 
He had the reddest hair and the largest 
aggregation of freckles conceivable in 
mortal boy. He had read a quantity of 
cheap fiction. His gifts were those of a 
leader ; his tastes, for the time, were those 
of a pirate.' He had profoundly fascinat- 
ed Rex Merriman, who dogged his foot- 
steps in season and out of season. It 
was on one of the latter occasions that 
]\Iel, conferring with one of his cronies 
on matters of mysterious import, turned 
with a "Hist!" and beheld the round, 
astonished eyes of little Rex. 

"What, sirrah! hast thou heard the 

"What is it, anyway? — 'Blood'?" whis- 
pered, in loud staccato, Kiel's partner in 
deeds of slaughter. 

" 'Gore,' " corrected Rex. 

"Ha ! eavesdropping villain, thou shalt 
die !'' 

The little lad, with his big, blue eyes, 
curly hair, and befrilled white blouse, 
looked so innocent and harmless that 
Captain ]\Iel, himself, had not the heart 
to execute this stern order. Instead, he 
proposed for once to set aside the age 
limit and initiate into the BrotherhocKl 
the unwitting violator of secrets deep as 
the grave. 

"Sometimes," ?\Iel reflected aloud, "ex- 
treme youth" — 'Mel himself had attained 
the extreme age of thirteen years — "com- 
bined with agility" — here he gazed 
thoughtfully at the short, chubby figure 



September, 1904. 

of Rex — '*are of great advantage in ex- 
peditions such as ours. Stranger, you 
will receive the rites of initiation at low 
twelve to-night." 


'*In the bandit's cave, at the end of 
the A\'est Side trolley line. Mind, though, 
you mustn't on any account take the 
trolley; you must walk. Your strength, 
courage and fidelity must be tried to the 
uttermost. Au revoir!" 

The clanging school bell had closed this 
momentous interview. 

It required no skill to elude the vigil- 
ance of servants that night, since they, 
Hke their employers, had chosen that oc- 
casion to bestow their patronage upon the 
drama. The small figure had made its 
way out of the house and through the 
silent squares of the West Side abso- 
lutely unchallenged. Rex was reaching 
the open country. 

What a terrifying object is a tall tree 
by night ! Wliat weird possibilities in 
combinations of tree-forms ! What bloody 
suggestions come from frog-ponds ! The 
whizzing trolley-cars of the suburban 
route, flashing by at intervals of a mil- 
lenium or so, merely heightened the 
gloom they broke. The houses had prac- 
tically ceased. Satan, floundering in the 
abysses of chaos, was not more unhappy 
— nor more resolute — than little Rex. 

The most painful feature of this 
gloomy expedition — though this fact was 
unknown to Rex — was that Mel's ap- 
pointment of this dark rendezvous was 
not made in good faith. The "bandit's 
cave'' at the end of the trolley-line was, 
like the advantages of the "magnificent 
building sites" located in the same quar- 
ter, merely prospective and hypothetical. 
Accordingly, when Rex reached the end 
of the line, he found nothing but a 
marshy meadow such as he had been 
traversing for two weary hours. He 
staggered, his short, fat legs doubled un- 
der him, and he sank, despairing, into a 
grassy fence-corner. 

Out of a strange confusion of facul- 
ties. Rex was roused by the sound of 
voices. It seemed that he had been lis- 
tening for hours before the sounds forrn- 
ed themselves into words. They were 
mostly oaths, but Rex caught the mention 
of a street and number which he recog- 

nized with a start as his own. He in- 
ferred from the conversation, whose drift 
he could not easily follow, that the speak- 
ers intended to call at his home sometime- 
during the night. He was about to ask 
the pleasure and protection of their com- 
pany thither, but an oath of unusually 
formidable proportions held him shiver- 
ing in his dark corner. 

At this moment, the heavily clouded, 
sky emitted a dazzling flash, followed by 
an alarming peal of thunder. Rex stag- 
gered to his feet. Better death at the- 
hands of man than from the pitiless ele- 
ments. He sprang toward the voices 
wailing : "Take me home !" 

Another flash disclosed the child to the 
two men. Had they known him as a fel- 
low aspirant to the honors of the pro- 
fession in which they were about to en- 
ter upon their novitiate, they could not; 
have received him more -warmly. 

"Looky yere. Bill! Blamed if it aint: 
the boss's kid!" 


"This is what you might call a provi- 
dence. ' Let's run off with him. There's 
more money in it than the other scheme.'^" 

"'Fraid we can't work it right. We 
ain't fixed for this kind o' thing." 

"Pshaw! that's easy done!'' 

"Don't you think it. That takes an 
artist, that does." 

Another lightning flash had revealed ta 
the child the identity of his companions. 
He cried confidently: "Why, you're Mr. 
Dougherty and Mr. Jackson ! I remem- 
ber extinctly — that day, you know, down, 
at the works ! Say, I'll give you all the- 
money in my bank if you'll take me home. 
Hurry, or we'll all get wet." 

The rain was already beginning to pour 
with that fatal facility common to show- 
ers in the vicinity of the Great Lakes. 

"Looky yere, kid,' began Jackson, me- 
chanically, clutching the child's hand as- 
they scurried for shelter, "your pa done 
me dirt, and he needn't think I'll stand 
it without kicking. I ain't no Closes, I 

"Me neither," added Doughterty. 

"Oh ! that's all right !" began the child 
cheerfully, though vaguely. "You're a 
good man, Mr. Jackson, I knoAv, 'cause 
I saw you with your little lame boy. And 
papa is very reasonable. He always says- 



September. 1904. 



SO when he whips me — 'You'll find, my 
son, that I am ve-ry rea-son-able.' " 

Even Rex, however, had to admit the 
inconsistency of a reasonable man's dis- 
charging two of his best workmen (as 
the pair modestly claimed to be) for the 
trifling offense of inebriety. Rex made a 
sleepy pledge to use his good offices as 
counsel for the defendants on condition 
of his restoration to his parents, and then, 
somehow, somewhere, to the lessening 
sound of dashing rain, he plunged into 
an abyss of slumber. 

A few hours later, Reginald IMerriman, 
Senior, haggard from a sleepless and 
anxious night, admitted at the front door 
of his mansion on the boulevard, a small 
boy in a bedraggled blouse, once white, 
and a misshapen straw hat, attended by 
two burly workmen. 

'"Papa," piped the lad, ''these are my 
good friends, Mr. Jackson and Mr. 
Dougherty. They found me out in the 
country in the rain and brought me home. 
They say that they have had a misunder- 
standing with you. Papa, but I think I 
can trust you to make it all right. I told 
them they would find you a ve-ry rea- 
son-able man." 



"Thou therefore gird up thy loins, and 
arise, and speak unto them all that I 
command thee : be not dismayed at their 
faces, lest I confound thee before them." 
■ — Jer. I :iy. 

"And they shall fight against thee ; but 
they shall not prevail against thee ; for I 
am with thee, saith the Lord, to deliver 
thee."- — Jer. i :i9. 

"Be not afraid of their faces : for I am 
with thee to deliver thee, saith the Lord." 
—Jer. I :8. 

"Are you a self-made man?" asked 
little Bobbie of the visitor. 

"I am, my boy," replied the visitor, 
much pleased. 

"An' ain't you sorry you didn't let 
somebuddy else help you?" persisted 


The ease with which specious argu- 
ments can be made, and the safety with 
which fallacies and errors can be oft'ered 
to half-trained and prejudiced hearers and 
readers, is illustrated by matter copied to- 
be refuted in a recent labor bulletin . 

In quotations taken from labor publf- 
cations the claim "is made that four-fifth:^ 
of the average laboring man's product is 
absorbed by his employer, while the toiler 
himself is allowed but one-fifth of his 
actual earnings. 

The plea for the laboring man is urg- 
ed on the basis of disproportion. But the 
fallacy lies in matching the employes' 
personal proceeds against something be- 
sides the employers' proceeds. BetAveen 
what each gets outs of the business both, 
are doing together, lies the business itself,. 
a yawning machine, into which goes what 
cannot be put on the personal account of 
either party. 

The average cost of materials in in- 
dustries of all kinds is much more than 
one-half the amount which the mistaken 
matter copied in the bulletin calls the em- 
ployers' share of the laborers' wages. The 
following are accounted average statistics 
of the cost of business itself: ^Material, 
53-39 per cent ; office rent, insurance, etc.. 
4.54 per cent; salaries, 4.19 per cent; 
taxes, .59 per cent: rent, .jj per cent, 
AVages, being part of cost, must be added 
to these, and, after deducting lor them 
22.05^ per cent, there is left for an excess 
of price over cost of 14.47 P^'^' cent. But^ 
after taking from this, which is already 
7.58 per cent less than laborers' wages, 
1.95 per cent for depreciation and waste 
of machinery, tools, etc.. together with 
cost of making sales and shrinkage bv 
bad debts, of 5 per cent, we reach at 
length what the employer gets after the 
laborer has first had his wages and the 
business has had its claims. " 

Against 22.05 per cent for laborers' 
wages, appears now 7.52 per cent for em- 
ployers' proceeds. Thus, wage proceeds^ 
instead of being 60 per cent smaller, are 
evidently 14.53 pcr cent larger than share 



September, 1904. 

proceeds. If a laborer, then, is also the 
owner of a few shares, he gets his por- 
tion of a 22.05 P^^ c^i^^ product as a 
laborer, and his portion of a 7.52 product 
as an investor. It is hard to see how as 
an investor he oppresses himself very 
much as a laborer. 

The claim is made that American labor- 
ers receive annually an average, in wages, 
of $437 ; while it is also claimed that the 
average product has a value of $2,450. 
Thus the capitalist is made to appear to 
get a profit of $2,013 on, each laborer's 
work. In reality, employers of help prob- 
ably realize an average of a fraction of a 
c-ent over $1.18 a w^ek, or $61.40 a year, 
on the labor of each employe ; whose 
wages meanwhile average $437 a year. 
The business itself absorbs the rest. 
This subtraction, much of which is vir- 
tual waste, and most of which is real 
disappearance, seems to be overlooked by 
some labor partizans ; but such a factor 
cannot be neglected in working out the 
actual problem. The real contention is 
over the question whether the employer 
gets too much of the proceeds when he 
receives an average of $1.18 from the pro- 
ceeds of the work of the man he hires 
to do the work for an average receipt of 
$8.40. Or, to state it another way : should 
part of the capitalist's 7.52 per cent net 
proceeds be taken away and added to the 
laborer's 22.05 P^^ ^^^^^^ ^^^^ proceeds? 
This is the genuine question between 
capital and labor, and is, perhaps, more 
easilv asked than answered. 


There is no question that well regu- 
lated federation of labor or any common 
interest, tends to the futherance of 
civilization, and the support and advance- 
ment of those institutions and interests 
to protect, preserve and promote which 
civil governments were instituted. It is 
only when combinations are distorted in 
form or perverted in use, that, like all 
other things ill advised, they produce 
evil. A trades union ought to be a bene- 
fit to its members and to all concerned. 
We would not dare Sc\y that this ideal 
is never approximately realized. Nor 
does it seem necessary to maintain that 

any trade union wholly fails to promote 
any real good. 

Accepting, thus, the better side, and 
recognizing all that can be accounted 
hopeful, we reckon in the same category 
with the Federation of Labor, the Fed- 
eration of Industries. Both aim at the 
promotion of the interests of the same 
kinds of business. Both are liable to bene- 
fit business more, working toward the 
same end, than either could alone. Such 
are the conditions necessary in the busi- 
ness of every corporation ; to some extent 
and in some manner, the operative force 
is organized into coherence and interac- 
tion, which is conditional to productive- 
ness. Belts, gearing and shafting, work- 
ing in continuous couibinatiou from mo- 
tive power to finishing touch, only il- 
lustrate the combined human machine 
which works as its parallel. Interlocking 
switches make visible the universal com- 
bination between yard men and train 

The legitimate function of trade unions 
is to make more visible and available the 
distinctively human element, and add the 
conscious, more adaptable and more vari- 
able manual touch, reaching even to finan- 
cial and social detail. They will not ac- 
complish this in the best way while work- 
ing alone, and lacking the balance of the 
rest of the business. Actual experience 
has demonstrated the need of something, 

The Federation of Industries represent- 
ed by its well conducted organ "American 
Industries" seems to promise a supply 
for the obvious need. Dealing broadly 
with business as a whole, while the trade 
union concentrates on detail ; dealing with 
the side of employing, while the trade 
union deals with that of being employed ; 
it is probably to be welcomed as an ad- 
ditional union, with which those already 
existing can join hands. It will trim the 
business craft that careens with operative 
weight ; it will pull the oar on the other 
side that rights all up for better head- 
way. Under the influence of the new 
federation, the older one will probably 
come nearer its own ideal condition, at- 
tain better relations with the employing 
element of business, and do more on the 
whole to improve the condition of labor- 
ing men. Too often the unbalanced trade 

UMii l wmWini i Bi i 


September, 3904, 



union works injury to its members; bal- 
anced by the industrial union it will favor 
their protection. 

The natural cautiousness and conserva- 
tism of capital, its tendency to deliberate 
action, and preference for safe methods, 
is liable to become more available in safe- 
guarding the interests of working men, 
under the secondary federation of the 
federation of labor and federation of in- 
dustries. The half of anything, accom- 
plishes less for any included part than the 
natural whole. 


A personal letter to one of the Cyno- 
sure staff, contains some incidents so in- 
teresting that they are passed along to 
Cynosure readers. The writer had been 
speaking of the newspaper called "Ameri- 
can Industries" and referring to the rise 
of the National Association of Manu- 
facturers. He then said : 

''When I think o-f the effect of these 
unions upon the character of the working 
class and the injustice to many, if noth- 
ing worse, I am specially encouraged in 
seeing this power rise that I trust will 
be adequate to deal with the question in 
a manner to finally deliver the many men 
and women that are now in bondage to 
the unions. 

''A helper in my family told me this 
week that her father and uncle were com- 
pelled to join the union in order to work 
at all. Her father was ordered to strike 
and was out of work for two months, 
and uncle was not only ordered to strike, 
but ordered to do picket duty, -and had to 
obey. The fact that he was a picket has, 
since the strike was declared off, pre- 
vented him from getting his old job back, 
or securing one elsewhere. 

"Another uncle who refused to join 
the union was attacked because he was 
Avorking, and stoned until nearly killed 
and would have been^ murdered had he 
not crawled under a car seat. This hap- 
pened in the presence of the police, who 
were, however, unable to help the poor 
man. He has never recovered from his 

"A former helper in my office was an 
orphan. Her father joined the union be- 
cause he could not sfet work. A strike 

was ordered ; he told them that his fam- 
ily was suffering so for the necessities 
of life that he could not strike. He was 
called to his door in the morning by 
three workingmen and murdered." 


In the midst of the strike which has 
reduced nearly 25,000 workmen to idle- 
ness, the president and organizer of the 
Building Trades Alliance has been ar- 
rested. He was arraigned in a New York 
court, August 17, on the charge of ex- 
torting $1,000 from a plumber, 
who alleges, that, the third day of last 
December, he paid Organizer A\'einseimer 
for allowing work to be resumed on a 
Riverside Drive apartment house. 

The specific charge is extorting $1,000, 
but Essig, the plumber. alleges 
that after he had the contract Weinseimer 
called a strike, and two days after this 
said he would put the plumbers to work 
for $2,700. Essig claims to have 
paid $1,000, and given a series of 
notes for $250 each to fill out the balance. 
He said he had taken up all these notes 
but one due August 17, which, by advice 
of the District Attorney, he paid with 
marked bills. At the time of Weinseimer's 
arrest, Essig had just signalled the de- 
tectives that the labor champion had the 
marked bills. The detectives did not find 
them. When the examination began, 
District Attorney Jerome pushed excited- 
ly to the front and peremptorily called 
to the witness stand one of the lawyers- 
who had started to leave the court room. 
The District Attorney asked Lawyer Bell 
if he had received money from an}- per- 
son in the court room. Bell said he had 
received one dollar bill, but denied seeing 
any other money pass in the court room. 
He oft'ered to show all the money he had. 
but the other lawyers objected. Jerome 
said he was informed by a lawyer in good 
standing at the New York bar, that 1)i11s 
were passed by \\'einseimer to Bell. At a 
meeting of the Pniilding Trades Asso- 
ciation a vote of confidence was extended 
to the organizer. 

Put vour confidence in God, trust him*, 

trust th) self, and go forward. 



September, 1904. 


iNlany will recoofnize the above portrait 
of Samuel Henry Swartz, but many more 
will be pleased to see it, as the portrait of 
a friend whose name is a household word 
in the homes of the Cynosure family. 
Brother Swartz has been a member of 
our Board of Directors for many terms, 
and has had the honor of being elected 
President of the National Christian Asso- 
ciation for five successive years. -He was 
born ]\Iay 4th, 1842, in New York City. 
He was couA^erted when eleven years of 
age, and joined the ]\Iethodist Episcopal 
Church ; in its fellowship and service he 
has spent his hfe. He served in the Civil 
War ; enlisted ]May 29, 1862, in Company 
JB, Eighth Regiment, Infantry, of Nev/ 
York. The fall following his enlistment 
he was to have entered the New York 
University, having completed his prepara- 
tory work. But because of his father's 
failure in business at the breaking out of 
the war he never went to school as a stu- 
"dent, but faced the world for himself, toil- 
ing with hand and brain for the bread that 
sustains life and burning the midnight oil 
to obtain the preparation for life's work. 

He joined the Rock River Conference 
of Illinois in 1877, and under its com- 
mands has been sowing the precious seed 
of the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ 
ever since. His appointments have been 
as follows : Naperville, Barrington, Har- 
vard, Belvidere, Leaf River, Austin, Chi- 

cago "Saint Paul's," Chicago ''Ken- 
wood," Morris, Aurora ''Galena Street," 
Plainfield, and Yorkville. 

His testimony is : 

"I am opposed to secret societies -be- 
cause I believe that no man has a moral 
or civic right to bind himself with an 
oath to forever conceal what is yet un- 
known to him, or to do that which is yet 
concealed from him. Jeptha did it ; what 
a price he paid for his folly ! Herod tried 
it, and it ma ,'2 him a murderer. No man 
can be bound by an oath to secrecy and 
be loyal to his marital vow and true to 
the best interests of his home. 

"I believe the secret lodge to be the ri- 
val of the home and church, and the en- 
emy of the state. 

''Freemasonry (the mother and model 
of the whole tribe), judged by its fruits 
and its professions, as well as by the con- 
fessions of its seceding members, is a 
wicked imposture, a refuge of lies, a de- 
spicable substitute for the gospel of Je- 
sus Christ, and is contrary to the laws of 
God and of the state, and in the estima- 
tion of its devotees superior to either. I 
look upon it as the devil's most success- 
ful contrivance for the destruction of the 
souls of men." 

(Editor's Note. In giving a sketch of tlie mem- 
bei'S of the Board of Directors it is believed that 
your prayers for them will be stimulated. Their 
responsibilities in caring for the work of the Asso- 
ciation are great, and they give of their valuable 
time Avithout remuneration to the interests of the 
cause. Pray for them. These sketches began in 
the June, liX)4, number of the Cynosure.) 


Fraternal Order Said to Have Assets of $456,- 
000-Liabilities, $466,000. 

Boston, Mass., Aug. 13. — Judge Mor- 
ton of the Supreme Court has appointed 
Henry A. Wyman receiver of the Ameri- 
can Legion of Honor, a fraternal order 
with a large membership and headquar- 
ters in this city. The last stateinent, 
June 23, showed assets of $456,754 and 
liabilities of $466,805. Of the assets 
$301,000 is in cash^deposited in the State 
treasury. The order was founded in 1879 
to pay death benefits of $5,000. This later 
was cut to $3,000 and still later to $2,000. 
The failure is said to be due to the inher- 
ent weakness of its svstem. 

If you would see a queen look into the 
face of your mother. 

September, 190i. 



We are glad to publish in this number 
.an article from our old friend, Rev. H. H. 
Hinman, of Oberlin, Ohio. Few, if any, 
in all the years of the Cynosure's exist- 
-ence, have written more, and none more 
acceptably. We have just learned that a 
legacy of $3,000 has unexpectedly fallen 
to him, which will make him comfortable 
.in his old age. We rejoice with him in 
this token of God's loving care. 

The article herein on '"Obtuseness of 
Moral Msion" is well illustrated by the 
proposition of Rev. Thos. IMunnell in the 
, New Christian Quarterly, that all Prot- 
•estant churches ought to unite, as really 
liaving less differences than there were 
between the Jewish and Gentile Christians 
of the apostolic age, and also that they 
-ought to advance a plan for the co-opera- 
•tion of these churches with the IMasonic 
and other secret fraternities and with the 
W. C T. U. and Y. M. C. A. against the 
'•evils of the day. This is the trend of the 
-churches. It is also the revival of Sa- 
tan's proposition to Christ, to worship 
liim and have the world. 


If a Freemason cannot see the sinful- 
Tiess of keeping such obligations as : 

3. That I will keep a brother's secrets as 
cmy own, when committed to me in charge as 
:such, murder and treason excepted. 

7. That I will not violate the chastity of a 
Master Mason's wife, daughter, sister or 
another, knowing them to be such. 

So help me God, etc. 
before uniting with the church he is not 
likely to see it afterwards. And the idol- 
atry of the Masonic religion makes it 
seem to us more inconsistent for 
-one to unite with a Christian Church 
'before renouncing Freemasonry than 
it would be for a member of an I\I. E. 
Church to unite with a U. P. Church and 
thus hold membership in both at the 
same time. 

Children Resemble Their Mother. 

It is just as clear to its that the testi- 
-mony of the church, should not be nulli- 
iied but maintained when the minor or- 
-ders are the ones in controversy. The 
Modern Woodmen of America is .a fair 
'Specimen of these lodges. It sought to 
iremove all objections on religious 

grounds. It succeeded about as well as 
worldly and ungodly men could be ex- 
pected to succeed. The Official History 
states : 

It is a ''purely secret society," and its 
ritual is modeled in part after ^Masonry, 
in part after Oddfellowship, and in other 
parts after the "treasure house of ancient 
mystery — the Grand Elusinian rites." 

It is organized to include the "]e\v and 
Gentile, the Catholic and the Protestant, 
the Agnostic and the Atheist." 

This M. W. of A. that would avoid all 
objections that a Christian might raise 
seems never to have thought of the Chris- 
tian as one commanded to be separate 
and not to be unequally yoked with the 
Jew, Agnostic and Atheist. 

Recently they have adopted the first 
Sunday in June as their day for memorial 
services, and worldly ministers and 
churches will be bidding for their attend- 
ance and the consequent collection as 
they now do for the Knights Templar 
Easter service. 

We do not think that a Christian has 
a right to imprecate death or the destruc- 
tion of his business if he fails to keep 
the secrets of a lodge. The Id. W. of A. 
candidate says : ''Alay I be dashed to 
pieces as I now dash this fragile vessel 
into fragments, if I promise not the 
truth." And there are other phases of 
the initiation that would lead a Christian 
to abandon the order if instructed by his 
pastor as he ought to be. 

He ought to abandon the order on 
account of its funeral and burial services, 
which are the same for Agnostic, Jew or 
Christian. At the Cemetery the Consul 
says of the dead \\'oodman, "But the 
spirit has gone to him who gave it." 
"Alourn not his departure. He shall live 
in the eternal glories of his ]\Iaker." "As 
we have borne the image of the earthly, 
we shall also bear the image of the heav- 

"If pastors will preach on the subject and 
develop a wholesome sentiment in the church, 
dispelling the ignorance on this subject, the 
church will soon be purged from the influence 
of secretism." 

"Sessions should labor kindly and patiently 
with those lodgemen that are in the church 
and endeavor to show them their error. They 

should not be in such haste to get men into 
the church, until they are led to see the error 
of secretism and abandon it." 

•"As to the so-called minor oMers, a perma- 
nent committee of experts is needed to pass 
upon them as they arise, and report how far 
they conflict with our law." 

•"The theological seminaries can change the 
whole situation in a few years by hearty 
counsel, stiffening the moral backbone of the 
future ministry." 

'•Let us give ourselves to prayer for such a 
genuine revival of religion, by the outpouring 
of the Spirit, tiiat we v/ill be cleansed from 
all complicity with the secret empire and our 
reproach be taken laway. 'When the enemy 
comes in like a flood, the Spirit of the Lord 
Avill lift up a standard .agajnst him.' " 


"Even thou wast as one of them." — Oba- 
diah 1, 11. 

Brotherly kindness was dtie from 
Edom in the time of need, but instead 
thereof, the men of Esau made common 
cause with Israel's foes. Special stress 
in the sentence before us is laid upon the 
word ''thou" ; as when Caesar cried to 
Brutus, "And thou Brutus" ; a bad action 
may be all the worse because of the per- 
son who has committed it. When we 
sin who are the chosen favorites of 
heaven, we sin with an emphasis ; ours is 
a crying offense, because we are so pecu- 
liarly indulged. If an angel should lay 
his hand upon us when we are doing evil, 
he need not use any other rebuke than the 
question, "What, thou ? What doest thou 
here?" Much forgiven, much delivered, 
much instructed, much enriched, much 
blessed, shall we dare to put forth our 
hand unto evil ? God forbid ! 

A few minutes of confession may be 
beneficial to thee, gentle reader, this 
morning. Hast thou never been as the 
wicked? At an evening party certain 
men laughed at tmcleanness, and the joke 
was not altogether offensive to thine ear, 
even thou wast as one of them. 

When hard things were spoken con- 
cerning the ways of God, thou wast bash- 
fully silent ; and so, to onlookers, thou 
wast as one of them. When worldlings 
were bartering in the market and driving 
hard bargains, wast thou not as one of 

them? When they were pursuing vanity 
with a hunter's foot, wast thoti not as 
greedy for gain as they were? Could 
any difference be discerned between thee 
and them? Is there any difference? Here 
we come to close quarters. Be honest 
with thine own soul, and make sure that 
thou art a new creature in Christ Jesus ; 
but when this is sure, walk jealously lest 
any one should again be able to say, 
"Even thou wast as one of them." Thott 
wouldst not desire to share their eternal 
doom, why then be like them here ? Come 
not thou into their secret, lest thou come 
into their ruin. Side with the afflicted 
people of God, and not with the world. 
— From Spurgeon's "Morning by Morning;'* 
daily reading for July 23. 


Grant was a truth-teller. As a boy he 
hated fibs, and learned to be exact in his 
statements. His father once sent him to buy 
a horse, authorizing him to offer $50, and if 
that should be refused, $60. He told the 
owner what his father said. Of course the 
owner expected $60 for his horse, but the 
boy refused to give more than $50, and ob- 
tained the horse. ' 

He tenderly cherished ,the associations of 
home. His father and mother he never 
ceased to reverence and love. When Presi- 
dent, he valued their regard and approval. 
xVs children came along he took them to his 
heart. His sons were his companions and 
his daughter the idol of the house. For the 
wife of his youth and manhood he cherished 
a pure, tender affection. When he was in 
Pompeii, the guide offered to admit him to 
a building without the ladies. ""I am much 
obliged to you," he said, 'but I never go 
where I cannot take my wife." 

Such was America's citizen and soldier, 
who, on the banks of the Hudson, waits the 
hour when, with loving hands, this cherished 
wife shall be laid by his side. — David Sher- 
man, in Zion's Herald. 

He would have been disqualified to 
make that remark if he had been a lodge 
man. He is a conspicuous disproof of 
the fiction that the attainment of the high- 
est positions requires the clannish aid of 
the Masonic trilDe. So was Lincoln and 
so is Senator Hoar. 

If God leads us into the night we may 
be sure that he has turned our faces to- 
ward the morning. 

.Th^ friendships which never fail are 
rooted within the veil. 

September, 1904. 




Chief Ji-^stice Holmes alone dissented 
from a decision handed down by the Su- 
preme Court of the State of Massachu- 
setts, September 5, 1900, on the ground 
that the acts of the first trade union in- 
volved were lawful. The case was that 
of Plant vs. Wood, reported in vol. 176, 
p. 492, with the following- reporter's head 
note : 

'"If the members of one labor union con- 
spire to compel the members of another un- 
ion of the same craft to join the former 
union, from which thej^ have withdrawn, 
and. to carry out their purpose, ' threaten 
strilves and boycotts to induce the employers 
of the members of the latter union either to 
get them to ask for reinstatement in the 
former union, or, failing so to do, then to dis- 
charge them, although no acts of personal 
violence or of physical injury to property are 
committed,, such conspiracy and the acts in 
pursuance of it are unlawful, and having 
caused and being likely still further to cause 
injury, equitj' will restrain the actors by in- 

Among things said b}' Judge Ham- 
mond in delivering- the coui:t opinion arc 
these words, partly quoted, partly origi- 
nal, and wholly worthy of consideration : 

"It is to be observed that this is not a case 
between the employer and the employed, or, 
to use a hackneyed phrase, between capital 
and labor, but between laborers all of the 
same craft and each- having the. same right 
as any one of the others to pursue his call- 
ing. In this as in every other case of equal 
rights, the right of each individual is to be 
exercised with due regard to the similar 
right of all others. The right involved is 
the r;ght to dispose of one's labor with full 
freedom. This is a legal right and it is en- 
titled to legal protection. As stated by Lord 
Bramwell, 'No right of propemty or capital 
was so sacred or so carefully guarded by the 
law as that of personal liberty. That lilDerty 
was not liberty of the body only. It was 
also a liberty of the mind and will: and the 
liberty of a man's mind and will, to say 
how he should bestow himself and his 
•means, his talents, and his industry, was as 
much a subject of the law's protection as 
was that of his body.' * * * The acts 
alleged and proved in this case are peculi- 
arly offensive to the free principles which 
prevail in this country; and if such practices 
could enjoy impunity, they would tend to 
establish a tyrrany of irresponsible persons 
over labor and mechanical business which 
would be extremely injurious to both." 

In the August Cynosure, pa^-e 109, a 
good point is made in the article ''How 
May the Pulpit Be Free to Discuss the 
Nature of Secret Societies?" in which 
appears the fact that responsibility for a 
closed church and a silent pulpit is due 
to the officers and members of the church 
rather than to the pastor. We have much 
sympathy for such pastors, though we 
believe that he that seeks to save his life 
by silence will lose it; but we have no 
sympathy for the pastor who refuses to 
enlighten lodge men while they are out- 
side of the church on the ground that he 
wishes to do so after he has received them 
into the church membership. 

Do our readers remember the item in 
Rev. S. H. Swartz's report from Hol- 
land, ]\Iich., of the act of the Synod of the 
Christian Reformed Church, viz., advis- 
ing every church of that denomination to 
take up a collection this year for the work 
of the National Christian Association? 
It is the first and only time that a de- 
nomination has taken such action. The 
sympathy of that church for our work is 
very much appreciated, and we trust that 
the collections which they take will result 
in great blessing to themselves and oth- 

One of the best little tracts that has. 
been issued is by the Christian Reformed 
Church, giving their reasons ''Why ^^^e 
Oppose Secret Societies." The author is 
Rev. Henry Beets, and the leaflet can be 
procured at the rate of one hundred 
copies for $1.25, or twenty-five copies for 
50 cents, of Rev. S. Vander Heide, Grand 
Haven, Mich. We hope that many of 
these leaflets will be ordered. 

A strong muscle and a weak moral 
grasp is like rowing over the course with 
one oar. 

In the August number a short sketch 
was given of Rev. J. A. ^lack, one of our 
directors ; but the most interesting and 
important facts of his life were omitted, 
namely, that he was a successful pastor 
for twenty-five years. It was a slip, in- 
deed, to have left out of such a sketch 
of one's life-work a period almost equal 
to a generation. It was, indeed, playing 
flamlet with Hamlet left out. To what 
was said as to his work as general sec- 
retary and manager of the Chicago Bible 
Society, we want to add a few interesting- 
statistics of the Bible work in general^ 
taken from a sermon preached on the 

centennial of the British and Foreign 
Sible Society : 

"One hundred years ago the 'British 
-and Foreign Bible Society' was organ- 
ized. In 1816 the 'American Bible So- 
ciety' was founded. These two organi- 
zations have sent out 250,000,000 copies 
•of God's word. A century ago the Bible 
was not translated into more than fifty 
languages. Xow it is translated into more 
than three hundred languages ; parts of 
it into six hundred languages. And the 
three hundred languages are the great 
trunk languages of the world, spoken by 
1,200,000,000 of the world's population, 
-while the remaining 1,200 languages are 
not used by more than 300,000,000 people. 
*And I saw another mighty angel fly in 
the midst of heaven, having the ever- 
lasting gospel to preach unto' them that 
-dwell on the earth, and to every kindred 
•and tongue and people.' As the preach- 
ing of Ezekiel in the valley of vision 
-caused the dry bones to move, become 
living men, 'and stand upon their feet, 
an exceeding great army,' so the proclam- 
ation of this almighty word destroys poly- 
theism, idolatry, exalts manhood, ele- 
vates womanhood, and moulds human so- 
ciety. The Bible is God's transforming 
message to the nations. One of the most 
■conspicuous evidences that the Bible so- 
cieties are doing God's work is the fact 
that four popes in turn, Pope Pius VII. 
in 1816, Pope Leo XII. in 1824, Pope 
Pius VIII. in 1829, and Pope Gregory 
XVI. in 1844, pronounced the publica- 
tion, reading, distribution or possession 
'of the books of the scriptures, translated 
into the vulgar tongues by these Bible 
rsocieties, 'a pestilence that must be abol- 
ished,' and Pope Pius IX., in 1864, in an 
encyclical, used this language, 'We have 
T^een truly shocked at this most crafty 
-device (Bible societies), by which the 
very foundations of religion are under- 
mined.' That the Bible is God's message 
to the nations appears, first, from its 
adaptation to the wants of the human 
soul; second, from the effects it has pro- 
duced. Queen Victoria, asked by an 
Indian prince, 'What is the secret of 
England's greatness?' handed her dis- 
tinguished visitor a Bible and said, 'That 
"book.' That book is the secret of our 
nation's greatness." 



Mr. Fred Crane Hitchcock, whose 
faithful picture is here given, was the 
only son, and the last of the original 
family of our long time director, Mr. J. 
M. Hitchcock. 

Fred was born at 165 Howe street, Chi- 
cago, December 13th, 1876, and died in 
the same house in which he was born,- 
August 13th, 1904, being twenty-seven 
years and eight months of age. He was 
educated in the schools oi Chicago and 
at Mount Hermon, Massachusetts. 

Medicine was his chosen profession, 
but, after a study of three years, it be- 
came so distasteful to him that he aban- 
doned the calling for the railroad service. 
For two years he was conductor for the 
Pullman company, covering the territory 
from Chicago to the Pacific coast, and 
as far south as Mexico. As a reward 
for meritorious service, he was, twelve 
months ago, placed in charge of the 
ticket ofiice at Kansas City, Mo., which 
position he held at the time of his much- 
lamented and untimely death. 

The immediate cause of death was 
tumor of the bowels. His ambition to 
retain his position and to show himself 

September, 1904. 



^vorthy the confidence reposed in him, 
doubtless betrayed him into remaining at 
his desk long weeks after he should have 
been in bed. When informed by his phy- 
sician, at Kansas City, that a surgical 
operation was imminent he hastened to 
his home in Chicago. 

Although his surgeon, Dr. Haiselden, 
never offered encouragement of ultimate 
recovery, Fred continued to hope almost 
to the last, that he should be able to re- 
turn to his office to resume his labors. 
While his medical attendants were correct 
in saying he could not possibly live, they 
were mistaken in thinking he could not 
-die without lingering weeks of intense 
suffering. God graciously spared him 
and his friends such an ordeal. He spent 
the last five weeks of his life in the un- 
pretentious home of his childhood. These 
have proven to be most precious weeks to 
the household. As it gently dawned upon 
him that he could not live and the ties to 
earth weakened, so his faith seemed to 
anchor to things unseen. [Many of his 
utterances during these weeks, though 
possibly not so significant to others, will 
be treasured by his friends as classic 

The funeral was held at the Presby- 
terian Church in the imiuediate neigh- 
borhood, and was largely attended. The 
services, because beautifully simple, were 
impressive. The floral ofl:erings were 
abundant. The tokens of affection and 
esteem from those who had known the 
departed from his childhood were many. 
Testimonials from the officials to his ster- 
hng integrity and their appreciation of 
his services were not wanting. Expres- 
sions of personal sorrow came from fel- 
low employes, and those associated with 
him in office. Letters of sympathy and 
condolence from many sources have been 
most touching. Director Hitchcock with 
his sorrowing household, in this sore 
affliction, scarce needs to be assured of 
the profound sympathy of every reader 
of the Cvnosure. 

REV. P. S. HENSON, D. D. , 

The child of God cannot lose his in- 
heritance because the title is vested in his 
Elder Brother. 

Pastor Baptist Church, Boston. 

'"We are often told in vaunting speech 
of the illustrious names that have given 
their sanction to secret societies. No mat- 
ter for that — the name of Jesus is above 
every name, and his name is recorded in 
reprobation of them. Let us follow in 
his footsteps and emulate his spirit, and 
so shall we deserve the designation which 
he himself has given us, 'The children of 
light.' - 


Pastor's Assistant of the Chicago Avenue 
Oloodj') Church. 

"I suppose I ought to know something 
about Masonry, as I have taken some 
twelve or fifteen degrees in it and have 
been an officer of my lodge at Guthrie 
Center, Iowa. Until I was converted to 
Christ I was a notoriously wicked man, a 
gambler, a drinker, and dissipated in 
other ways known to evil men. 

'T spent a small fortune in years of dis- 
sipation while a member of my lodge, 
and yet no minister in the lodge ever ex- 
horted me to desist from my reckless 
course or offered to direct me to the 
Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin 
of the world. Christian men tell me now 
that they join secret societies that they 
may influence men for good. They will 
very soon lose their own spirituality in- 
side the average lodge-room. Of course 
the lodge is invested with enough formal 
religiousness to make the ordinary 
preacher feel at ease while he works the 
members, hoping to increase the attend- 
ance at his church, or multiply the 
shekels in the contribution box. Special 
inducements are offered to the clergy to 
join, and then their names are heralded 
for advertising purposes. After my con- 
version to Christ the lodge lost its charm 
to me, and many lodge scenes seemed a 
mockery. So long as a man is in the 
broad road that leads to death, it may be 
the lodge is just as good a place as any, 
but I pity the poor starved child of God 
wdio seeks comfort and strength from a 
societv so larc:elv of the "-odless." 

When hope unfolds its petals, happi- 
ness springs into full bloom. 

Heaven has a smile for the young man 
who looks up. 




September, 1904. 


Professor of Political and Social Science in 
AVheaton College. 

''I have observed the workings of se- 
cret societies from New England to New 
Mexico, and from Canada to the middle 
of Alabama, and the following are some 
of the conclusions I have reached : 

"I. The interest of church members in 
cliurch work is usually inversely propor- 
tioned to their interest in the work of se- 
cret societies. 

"2. Non-Christians who are members 
of secret societies, often, if not generally, 
consider such relationship as a good sub- 
stitute for church membership, and I 
have frequently heard such persons say 
that living up lO their lodge obligations 
would be a better preparation for the fu- 
ture life than that attained to by the av- 
erage church member. 

*'3. Numerous cases in which Freema- 
sons, guilty of murder or other crimes, 
escape the due penalty of the law, con- 
vince me that in many instances judges, 
jurors, sheriffs, and other officials regard 
as binding their oaths to assist brother 
Masons in distress, and give such oaths 
the preference whenever they conflict 
with their offtcial oaths and duties to so- 

"4. The facility with which multitudes 
of unworthy and unfit men, who are 
members of secret societies, get into ofB- 
cial positions, from the lowest even to the 
highest, forces me to the belief that their 
claims in regard to the 'advantages' of 
such alliances are not unfounded. 

"5. I have not witnessed the effect of 
secret societies on home life, but from 
the nature of the case I judge that when 
a husband or wife becomes closely asso- 
ciated with any organization from which 
his or her life com.panion is excluded, 
there must result to a greater or less ex- 
tent a weakening of the home ties and a 
consequent injury to home life. 

''6. Confidence is the cement of so- 
ciety, and when some members of so- 
ciety combine for rhutual advantage and 
keep their doings secret from all the rest 
they are justly suspected of seeking to 
benefit themselves at the expense of out- 
siders, and so the harmonious co-opera- 
tion of society as a whole is greatly hin- 

''Furthermore, selfishness is a great 
quality of human nature that needs no> 
cultivation, but the fundamental prin- 
ciple of secret societies is combined self- 
ishness, their benefits and favors are for 
members only, and their tendency is to- 
develop selfishness and even to make 
their members regard it as a virtue. 

'T find no suitable place or function 
for secret societies in a free and en- 
lightened country." 


Assistant Superintendent of the Moody Bible 

''It seems to me that the duty of fol- 
lowers of the Lord Jesus Christ is very 
plain as to this matter of secret societies. 
In the first place our Lord's example is 
against the whole principle. He said, 'I 
have spoken openly to the world. In 
secret spake I nothing.' (John 18: 20.) 
And the spirit of Christianity, which is 
universal, worldwide and unselfish in its 
evangelistic and benevolent character^, 
cannot be reconciled for a moment with 
the spirit of societies whose avowed airri' 
is to benefit their own circle, their 'ini- 
tiates.' But the final word to the obedi- 
ent Christian is found in II. Corinthians,, 
sixth chapter, where God says to His 
children, 'Come ye out from among them^ 
and be ye separate ; be not unequally 
yoked with unbelievers ; what portion^ 
hath a believer with an unbeliever ?' This 
is not, as at first it might seem, a denial of 
the principle first stated. Christians are 
to go gladly out to the world in blessing: 
and unselfish charity. But they are called 
to a holy walk of separation from fellow- 
ship with the world that has crucified its 
Lord. Now every one knows that all se- 
cret societies are composed of unbeliev- 
ers and professing Christians indiscrim- 
inately. No enlightened Christian cati 
remain in such connections and obey^ 


Pastor M. K. Church. 

"I believe their influence bad, destruc- 
tive of church and home. Men become 
satisfied with the religion of the lodge 
'and. have no relish for the church ; yotr 
need not go outside of my own parish to 
verify this statement." 


September, 1904. 





President of the Chicatfo Lutheran Theolojii- 
cal Seminary. 

"Secret societies are anti-Christian in 
their character, a dangerous foe to the 
family, the state, and the church, and I 
cannot see how any true Christian can 
-either join them, or, if he has been be- 
guiled into entering them, how it is pos- 
sible for him, with a clean heart, to remain 
in them." (II. Cor. 6: 14, 15.) 


Pastor Christian Church. 

''These societies seem to me to be nei- 
ther an unmixed good, or an unmixed 
evil, though their tendency is to self- 
righteousness. They consume time, 
strength and money. Their lessons of 
fraternity seem commendable. Their in- 
surance and relief features are good, but 
all this could be better done through the 
church. The lodge is organized selfish- 
ness, while the church is organized be- 
nevolence. I think a better use of time 
and money can be made than to give 
them to the secret lodge.'' 


Pastor Christian Church. 

''Although I belong myself to some of 
the older secret orders, I must say that I 
think they detract from religious ser- 
vices ; because many of these societies 
make much of the Bible, the average man 
seems to look upon his lodge as having a 
saving religion. They require money 
and time which might be better devoted 
to the church. I have never known a 
man to be converted in the lodge or 
through the lodge instrumentality." 


Pastor Evangelical Association Church. 

"Secret societies are detrimental in 
that they cause their members to look to 
some other source than Jesus Christ for 
salvation. We could not knowingly ad- 
mit an adhering member of any oath- 
bound society to our church fellowship. 
We offer our church members some- 
thing better than the lodges do and never 
have any trouble or fault-finding." 

Of the German Kvantrelical Synod of North 
America, Klmhurst, 111. 

"We discourage all features of secrecy 
as injurious to the morals of our stu- 
dents. We could have no fellowship 
with a society composed of moral and 
immoral, religious and irreligious. It 
would be unscriptural." 


Pastor Swedish M. K. Church. 

"My observation is that secret orders 
are a hindrance to church work. They 
are occupied with a false religion and led 
to trust in it for salvation. Some secret 
orders bar out Christ from their lodges." 


Pastor Congregational Church. 

"My verdict is that secrecy is not help- 
ful but harmful to the church. If these 
societies made no pretension to religion 
at all, I think they would be less danger- 
ous and objectionable." 


Pastor Lutheran Church. 

"Secret societies are a great detriment 
to our churches. Our foundation is the 
Bib)^. Their foundation is a ritual with 
a religion of a cosmopolitan nature, as 
suitable to the Parsee and the Mohamme- 
dan as to the Christian, and no true child 
of God can go into such an alliance." 


Pastor Norwegian M, K. Church. 

"I do not know of a Norwegian or 
Swedish clergyman in our denomination 
who belongs to an oath-bound societv. 
The Bible teaches that we should do all 
in the name of Jesus, and nowhere are 
we taught to do good in the name of the 


Pastor Free Methodist Church. 

"Secrecy cannot bear the light and is 
based upon the principles of moral dark- 



September, 1904. 

''The lodge interferes with a man's ob- 
Hgations to his family, is contrary to the 
marriage covenant, also to the words of 
Jesus, who said, 'And they twain shall be 
one flesh.' Secrecy is opposed to good 
government, both in church and state. It 
is anti-Christian because it professes a re- 
ligion without a Christ. It is unscrip- 
tural and its tendency is to corrupt the 
church, state and national government. 

''Secrecy is not the charitable organi- 
zation it professes to be or its doors 
would be thrown wide open to the needy 
everywhere. We consider its influence 
seductive and dangerous to society, its 
ceremonies diabolical and degrading in 
their nature. 

**The laws of secret societies are, as a 
rule, opposed to and held paramount to 
the laws of a free government, and are 
considered more binding than the obli- 
gations and duties they owe to their 
country. They are opposed to equality 
and justice and I believe had their origin 
in heathenish countries." 


Pastor Swedish Baptist Clinrch. 

"Secret societies are in the main a men- 
ace to the church of God, in that they 
take men and women away from the 
home and its influences. They occupy 
the time which might otherwise be de- 
voted to the service of God and fellow- 
men. They use any and all means to win 
and hold the interest of their members, 
irrespective of its influence upon the 
work and progress of the church of God. 
They endeavor to- get men to believe that 
any other religion than the society is un- 
necessary and superfluous. They exact 
a pledge and promise from their mem- 
bers which they, as church members, 
would not think of living up to with 
brethren and fellow-members of the 
church of God. For these and many 
other reasons I see in the organized sys- 
tem of secretism of to-day a hindrance to 
the mission and work of the church." 


'T belong the the Missouri Synod, 
which is equivalent to saying I am op- 
posed to all secret societies. I believe 

them thorouglily unscriptural and that 
they are misleading and harmful in their 
religious teaching." 

"Would you make no exception to this 
partial and apparently severe arraign- 

"I think they all spring from the same 
root," the pastor replied. 


"I am not a member of any secret so- 
ciety. Of cout se those who are members 
of secret orders would nullify or mini- 
mize my testimony, claiming that it is im- 
possible for one outside to be an intelli- 
gent judge, or be able to render an im- 
partial verdict. 

"There are three ways by which we 
may fairly and intelligently, judge secret 
societies : 

"First, by their own literature. The 
Masons publish books, magazines and 
newspapers ; our public libraries contain 
this literature. 

"Second, by public demonstrations, as 
installation of officers, funerals and the 
laying of corner-stones. . 

"Third, by renunciations and exposi- 
tions by good men for conscience's sake. 
Masons dispute the correctness of these 
expositions and seek to belittle them. 
Many deny having taken the oaths to 
which their seceders testify. Fortunate- 
ly, it is an easy task for any one to satisfy 
himself upon this point. Go to the public 
law library of Chicago ; ask for Wend^iU's 
Supreme Court Decisions of the State of 
New York, Vol. 13, and turn to pages 9 
to 26 and find the case of Purple vs. Hor- 
ton, in which is the Alaster Mason's oath. 
Another revelation of the oath is found 
in the trial of Gardener in the Chenango 
County Court of the State of New York. 
It was a case in which it was alleged that 
certain persons could not sit as jurors on 
account of their being full Masons. 
'Triers' were appointed as the law pro- 
vided, to see whether they should be dis- 
franchised or disqualified to act in the 
premises. It was proven b}^ unwilling 
witnesses that the Masonic oath had in it 
the most severe death penalties, and the 
jurors were rejected. From these facts^ 
which have become a portion of the pub- 
lic documents, and a part of the nation's 

September, 1904. 



history, and from the facts that some of 
my good friends of the Masonic lodge 
have told me, I come to these conclu- 
sions : 

''First, that the allegations against the 
Masonic oaths are true. 

''Second, that good men who have 
been taken into the lodges have a greater 
respect for their civil oaths than for their 
Masonic oaths, and when on juries will 
not be swayed by their Masonic obliga- 
tion to Masonic parties in the suit. 

"Third, that to men who are less con- 
scientious, the Masonic oath would be a 
great temptation in favor of their Ma- 
sonic friend on trial, and to whom they 
have sworn to be true under the most ter- 
rible penalties. This would be likely to 
prevent the ends of justice, and to wrong 
the innocent. 

''Fourth, that it would be better to keep 
aloof from lodge and accept the advice of 
George Washington's strong appeal . in 
his farewell address, to 'Beware of all en- 
tangling alliances.' " 


Pastor Lutheran Church. 

"The Scriptures expressly forbid 
Christians having a. brotherhood with the 
world. The best known secret orders 
pride themselves in a universal brother- 
hood. They must have and do have a 
mongrel religion, while the Scriptures 
teach that there is no salvation save in 
Jesus Christ. Their boasted charity is 
simply a business transaction. 

''We do not admit membei's of oath- 
bound societies to our fellQwship." 


Pastor Kiiglish Kvangelical Churcli. 

"Secret societies are detrimental to 
church work. The church would be a 
greater power to-day without secrecy. 
They were bad enough when these socie- 
ties drew only the men from our 
churches, but now the women have the 
craze, and are leaving the church for their 
lodge societies. The Bible says, 'Seek 
first the kingdom of God,' but our people 
seem to interpret it, 'Seek first the lodge 
and its false altars.' " 

Mm$ of ®ur Wox% 


Clcona, Pa., Aug. i8, 1904. 

Dear Cynosure : In the East this has- 
been a delightful summer, both for vege- 
tation and general comfort. ]\Iany take 
advantage of the opportunities afforded 
to get together. The ever-enlarging 
transportation facilities invite, while in- 
creased resources enable, assemblages of 
various kinds. Excursions to places of 
profit, or dissipation, are ever increasing-.. 

The past month has largely been giveii 
to meeting and aquiring friends at Chris- 
tian gatherings. My first visit to North- 
field, i\Iass., will not be forgotten.. 
Scarcely could a more restful, spiritually 
helpful place be found. Here the soul 
is brought near to God in beholding the 
w^onders He hath wrought, while the 
heart is constantly fed with that which 
strengthens the higher life. At "The 
Wheaton," on Rustic Ridge, I found a 
cordial welcome and delightful resting- 
place with the New England agent- 
Thousands of leaflets are there being- 
placed in the hands of the ever-changing 
throng, to be carried to the ends of the- 
earth. Alany missionaries are among" 
those who come here for preparation, rest 
and inspiration. Eternity alone can re- 
veal* the results of this seed-sowing. 

Visits to Boston and north of Philadel- 
phia in Pennsylvania were encouraged by^ 
friends along the way. 

I was glad Providence so favored that 
I could enjoy the Radical United Breth- 
ren Campmeeting at Kauffman Station,, 
in the Cumberland Valley. I tented with 
our good brother, G. S. Seiple. While 
not the elder, he had things generally in 
charge. His oversight doubtless had 
much to do with the increased attendance 
and uplifting spirit of the camp. While 
here I much enjoyed the company of Dr. 
H. J. Becker. His genial spirit and help- 
ful discourses were much appreciated. 
His interest in N. C. A. work is not les- 
sened with years of observation and ex- 
perience. He is one of the ablest anti- 
secrecy lecturers in the field. Friends- 
near his home (Dayton, Ohio) 7/i\ll diy 



September. 1904. 

Avell to write and get him to give lec- 
tures in their neighborhoods. 

I spoke at the camp on various sub- 
leets, but did not neglect to bear testi- 
mony along the line of N. C. A. specialty. 
Our'standbys renewed for the Cynosure, 
and new names were added to our list. 
There was every indication that our pres- 
ence and vrork were most welcome among 
the reformers found here. 

I am writing at the home of our State 
Secretary, Brother C. F. Kreider. He 
is among the favored who have, secured 
farms in this fertile country. In his 
gTOYt the camp meeting for the Union 
Christian Church for this section gathers. 
I expect to attend for a few days. The 
ser\dces are divided as to language. Part 
of the preaching is in German and part 
in English. These people do not fellow- 
ship '""the unfruitful works of (lodge) 
darkness, but rather reprove them." 

As I do not hear from the friends 
whom it was hoped would lead in the 
preparation for the Ohio convention, 1 
cannot help them this month, as I had 
expected. If you think best, friends, 
make the convention the last week of 
September, and I will try to help in the 

"In due time we shall reap, if we faint 
not." Victory is sure. Let us move on. 
■ W. B. Stoddard. 

, There was an interesting meeting in 
Newman Grove, Nebraska, at the recent 
assemblage of the Norwegian Lutheran 
Synod. Rev. O. T. Lee delivered a lec- 
ture to a large audience on secret socie- 
ties. Such an address was new to the 
people of that place. The lodges had had 
it their own way. Everybody, including 
lodge members, turned out. They were 
challenged to deny the ritual of the Alod- 
ern AA'oodmen of America, but no one 
said anything. Rev. S. A. Scarvie was 
also present, and testified as to what he 
had seen and heard as a member of the 
Ancient Order of United Workmen and 
of the Modern A\'oodmen of America 
lodges. The lecture excited a great com- 
motion among the lodge members. Some, 
true to the principles of the lodge, denied 
the truth of what had been said. Others 
admitted that the truth had been present- 
ed. Some of the members of the church 

where the lecture was delivered were bit- 
terly attacked for allowing Rev. O. T. 
Lee to use the house of God for such 
"base purposes." They said that there 
was not the beginning of truth in the 
speaker. AMien the report was brought 
to Rev. Lee, he sent a challenge for a 
public discussion of secret societies to all 
the lodges in Newman Grove. Upon re- 
ceipt of the challenge, there followed up- 
on the part of the lodges hesitation, delib- 
eration, then silence. There was no dis- 
cussion. It seems that the lodge mem- 
bers at that place knew their business. 


Long Island City, N. Y., Aug. 17, 1904. 
Brethren of the National Christian As- 
sociation : 

I received circulars of the book, "]\Iod- 
ern Secret Societies," for which accept 
my heartfelt thanks. I place one circular 
in each N. C. A. tract before I distribute 

A few weeks ago Advance Lodge, No. 
635, F. '& A. ]M., of Asto.ria, attended di- 
vine services in the Astoria Presbyterian 
Church in a body. A week or so later 
funeral services were held over a promi- 
nent j\Iason and a Grand Lodge Odd Fel- 
low in the same church. One Sunday 
evening I attended there, and after ser- 
vices, as the people were passing out, I 
handed to every man and woman anti-se- 
crecy tracts and the circular of "Alodern 
Secret Societies," in the hope that they 
may be the means of opening their eyes to 
the idolatrous worship in these lodges. 

Sunday, July 31st, I went to the East 
Avenue Baptist Church, where the ^la- 
sonic Lodge of which I used to be a mem- 
ber attends church in a body once every 
year, especially on Washington's birth- 
day. There are some members of the 
lodge that are leading members of these 
churches. After the services I distrib- 
uted anti-secret tracts to every one. 

Last Sunday my wife passed a group 
of men standing on the street corner, and 
she heard them say that there is going 
to be a stop to that man giving out 
tracts, and they were giving me a terrible 
setting out. But that does not discour- 
age me in the least. ''Must I be carried 
to the skies on flowerv beds of ease, while 

September, 3904. 



Others fought to win the prize and sailed 
through bloody seas ?" 

I am no eloquent talker and I never 
had much of an education ; but Jesus 
Christ says, "Let your light shine," and 
I don't know of a better way to let your 
light shine than to give these tracts to 
people. Last Sunday night I went to 
Jerry McAuley's Cremorne Mission in 
New York City, and there testified how 
God took me out of the secret lodge, and 
also distributed some anti-secret tracts. 
Yours in Christ, 

Charles A. Lagville. 

$taim' Ie0lintottie0, 


I want to give you a short sketch of my 
life. I am an Englishman by birth and 
was born and raised on a farm. The first 
fifteen years of my life were spent — the 
first eight years as a child at home, the 
next seven at school. At 15 I left school 
ready to start in life. My parents were 
members of the Episcopal Church, or the 
Church of England, and I was raised a 
Christian, and at 15 I was confirmed by 
the laying on of the hands of the Bishop, 
and received as a member of the church, 
but not converted. 

Now as you may naturally expect after 
all this wild life, I had very little religion 
left. I attended the Episcopal Churcn a 
few times, but soon got tired of it, and 
during the next seventeen years I led the 
life of a heathen. I never entered a 
church, except by accident. I spent my 
Sundays in the parks or at home. But the 
Lord did not forsake me, and at last, on 
Sunday, I attended the M. E. Church, 
and the preached word went home to my 
soul, and I determined to lead a better 
life, but found every time I failed. It 
was not till I went to the Lord and told 
Him what a wicked, sinful life I had been 
leading, told Him that I had tried again 
and again to lead a better life, and had 
failed every time, and now, dear Lord, I 
have done all I can, you help me. In an 
instant came the blessed assurance that I 

had been heard and my sins had been 
washed away in the Blood of the Lamb. 
Oh, what joy, what peace, was mine. The 
next I became a member of the Mt. Ver- 
non M. E. Church. Now I thought my 
troubles were all over. But I was mis* 

I belonged to two lodges and one En* 
campment, and as one lodge and prayer 
meeting were on the same night, I, burn- 
ing in my new love, attended the prayer 
meeting-. This did not suit the members, 
of the lodge, and they were after me all 
the time to attend the lodge, as I was 
trustee and treasurer. After several weeks- 
I listened to them and went one week to- 
prayer meeting and one week to lodge. 
Then the brothers of the church got after 
me and wanted to know where I was- 
every other Thursday, so that I could not 
get peace anywhere. After several months- 
of this kind of life I felt myself growing: 
cold, so I resigned my offices in the lodge- 
and attended prayer meeting every 
Thursday, when again the warmth re- 
turned to my soul. 

In a few months the Lord asked me if I 
loved my lodges better than I did Him. I 
said, "No, Lord." Then he said, "Give 
them up. I will take care of you." I 
said, "All right. Lord, I w^ll." I gave 
them up that very day, and such joy came 
to mv soul that I could scarcelv bear it. 


Klks Find Fault with Exalted Rulers. 

At the business session of the Grand. 
Lodge of Elks in Cincinnati, Ohio. July 
19, 1904, the Grand Treasurer criticized, 
the financial system of the order. He re- 
ferred to a banquet tendered the Grand 
Exalted Ruler by New York Lodge No. 
I, on February 6th. On that occasion 
fourteen members of the grand lodge- 
attended the meeting and turned in bills 
amounting to $1,860. He also criticized 
tlie statement of individual expenses of 
those who attended the Baltimore reun- 
ion. He thought the grand lodge should 
get down to a business basis. 

Sympathy toward the heart-sore, is ai 
fountain in the desert, the shadow of a. 
great rock in a weary land. 



September. 1904. 

Ir0m ©ur Ji!ail» 


decent, honest, liberty-loving Christian 
men and women. Yours, etc., 

John Smith. 

The days of witchcraft are over and 
^one, }-eL the thought of human mys- 
teries still torments the credulous brain. 
Pools continue to purchase mysteries for 
cash down, and to swear not to reveal se- 
crets that do not exist. The mysteries of 
the great Creator, such as the mystery of 
life and death, we shall ''never ^ surely 
know" until we shall have laid down our 
iDurden, and crossed to the other shore. 
All so-called human mysteries are easily 
imraveled by science, despite the efforts 
of ignorance to clothe them in the garb 
•of the supernatural, but still we behold 
the emblems of secrecy and mystery on 
■every side. The square and compass, the 
three links, the black hand and many 
other emblems yet adorn the coats or the 
consciences of men. When w^e see a man 
wearing an emblem, it seems to say to us, 
^'Come, brother, and help me to gain an 
xmf air advantage over my fellow men ; 
-and protect me from my crimes." 

The Black Hand. 

Just now, when the whole country is 
.aroused over the kidnaping of little An- 
tonio Mannino, it may be well to note that 
the avv'ful crime which is distracting his 
fond parents, has been laid by the police 
at the door of a secret society, viz. : the 
Black Hand. If the police be correct in 
their charge, then you will say that wq 
iiave a band of oath-bound conspirators, 
W'hose attempts to govern by brutal force 
lias no parallel in the history of crime. 
Yet we have other societies, • some of 
Avhich bind their members to cut throats, 
tear out tongues, pluck out hearts and 
transact other pleasantries, almost as bad 
as kidnapping, and for ought we know 
the parson, the judge, the State's attor- 
Tiiey and the jury may all belong to them. 

Should the law uphold or destroy 
them? Or should we select the good cut- 
throat ones for preservation and destroy 
the rest? Upon the whole we have con- 
'Cluded that whether a man wears the 
scjuare and compass, the three links, the 
-skull and crossbones, the elk's head, or 
the black hand, he should be made to feel 
that he is diss:racins: himself among all 

The only true specific for the woes of 
the world is the Gospel of Jesus Christ. 


Pres. Finney says : About forty years 
ago, an estimable man by the name of 
William Morgan, then residing in Batavia, 
New York, being a Freemason, after 
much reflection, made up his, mind that 
it was his duty to publish Freemasonry 
to the world. 

He regarded it as hig-hly injurious to 
the cause of Christ and as eminently dan- 
gerous to the government of our coun- 

Miller also residing in Batavia, agreed 
to publish what Mr. Morgan would write. 
This coming to be known to Freemasons, 
led them to conspire for his destruction. 

This, as we shall see, was in accordance 
with their oaths., By their oaths they 
were bound to seek his destruction and 
to execute upon him the penalty of their 

They wrested Morgan from his liome, 
and cast him into prison, and from prison 
to judgment and he was seen no niore, 
and Seward says, "The ministers of the 
law were partakers of the crime." — Fin- 

Capt. Morgan Tho' Dead Still Speaketh. 

Hail Masonry divine <?) of Christless God, 
Thou in the path of Cain hath trod; 
The blood of souls lie at thy door, 
Thou art condemned foreverinore! 

Niagara's depths was sought to end 
A true man, and a faithful friend; 
Dense darlv the night, yet darker still 
The hearts of men Avhen sworn to kill! 

Morgan did plead — his life at stake! 
And plead again, for his wife's sake! 
Masonic law demanded no! 
Thou to a traitor's death must go! 

Led from the "fort," they tied a weight 
To sink their "foe" with maddened hate. 
They rowed to mid-stream from the shore, 
Raised up the weight, then puslied him o'er. 

In their cool wrath sank Morgan where 
P^oul water-ghouls ofttimes repair, 
That not a vestige of the case 
Could once be known as taken place. 

September, 3904. 



Soon hempen bands divide in t^Yain, 
And Morgan's body floats again, 
And drifting- out into the lake, 
Proved all their scheming quite a fake! 

At Orchard Beach a corpse is found, 
Ivike ghostly spectre floating round. 
What! What is this! a boatswain cries, 
And gazing stands with open eyes; 

The people come! He shouts amain! 
This looks like one remotely slain, 
Sir Knights approaching — Morgan's foe, 
Declare it is but "Tim Monroe." 

Now in Batavia, 'neath a mound 
A voice is heard of woeful sound: 
Through wrath of Masons liere I lie. 
Head on my tomb the reason why. 

A Secret Triad, Chosen, True to Cursed Vows. 

They did the deed. They met their 
Master's "stern behest and pkmged be- 
neath Niagara's rolhng flood a good man 
*Lnd a true ; true to truth and true to man ! 
There Morgan met his fate, and sealed 
the truth with his own blood. So swore 
Vallance, one 'of that death-triad. He 
says, "^ly comrades took the oars and 
the boat was rapidly forced out into the 
river. The night was pitch dark, adapt- 
ed to our hellish purpose. I bade the 
unhappy man stand up. I approached 
him and gave him a strong push with 
both my hands. He fell and the waters 
■closed over the mass." 

Pres. C. Finney refers in his book to 
no less than six other murders under 
Masonic law, and states that other cases 
are constantly coming to light in which 
persons have been murdered for disclos- 
ing Masonic secrets. (Finney, p. i^i.) 

One hundred and three secederes in 
<:onvention in session ' 1828 declared 
Masonry to be exceedingly dangerous, 
"blasphemous, murderous, and unfit to 
-exist among a free people, S. B., p. 23. 

What a lovely community for us Meth- 
odists who profess to be a holy people. 

What a communion for fellowship of 
Methodist Bishops and INIinisters of our 
Methodist Episcopal Church is Free- 
masonry? Does God mock his people 
^hen he says "Come out from among 
tHem and be ye separate^" Did God Mock 
the Church of Thyatira who suflfered 
Jezebel to seduce his servants to commit 
adultry and eat things sacrificed to idols 
saying that unless they repented he would 

kill her children with death, cast them 
into great tribulation and give unto 
every one according to their works; Rev. 
2:20th What a man sow eth that shall he 
reap; Gal. 6:7. Consider a moment its 
oaths, I promise and swear I will not 
violate the Chastity of the iMaster 
Mason's wife, mother, sister, or daugh- 
ter, (Oh what foulness ! and keep a blas- 
ter Mason's Secrets — murder and treason 
excepted ; If a Royal Arch murder and 
treason not excepted. 

**Hail Masonry Divinel" 

What a grand- institution to exalt our 
Methodist Church into popularity and to 
lay the corner stones of our religious and 
secular edifices? 

Faithfully, and sincerely submitfed. 

A lover of righteousness and of all 

A hater of all iniquity. 

Woodruff Post. 
Olean, N. Y., May, 1904, A. D. 


*'Ont of Thine Own Mouth Will I Judge 

On page 112 of Craftsman and Free- 
mason's Guide by Cornelieus ]\Ioore, 
Past Master of Lafayette Lodge, 79, 
Cincinnati, O., under the head of ''An- 
cient Constitutions" of Masonry, we read 
"These are obligatory as fundamental 
regulations in all parts of the world." 

Now on page 264, of the same Consti- 
tutions, we learn some things that are 
fundamental and obligatory" in Masonry. 
Namely, that treason committed by a 
Mason does not work a forfeiture of his 
Masonic rights. The pith of the state- 
ment is contained in these words: 'Tf 
a brother should be a rebel against the 
State, we ought to disown his rebellion, 
but if convicted of no other crime, they 
cannot expel him from the lodge, his re- 
lation to it remains indefeasible.'' Now 
the word "indefeasible," at the time Past 
Master Moore used it, had sixty-two 
synonyms, and each one filled with the 
idea of unchangeable immutability. 
Here it is admitted that treason is a 
crime, and though by the law of all na- 
tions, its penalty is death, yet in the 
estimation of Alasonic morality it be- 
comes a mere peccadillo which does not 



September. 1904. 

in any degree interfere with one's 
Masonic rights and relations to the 
order. Btit suppose the brother had been 
convicted of giving outsiders some of the 
secrets of Masonry? Something of the 
resuks following may be learned by read- 
ing page 216 of Constitutions, which 
savs, "The virtue indispensible in a 
Mason, is secrecy, and is to be enforced 
under the strongest penalties."' 

Put this and page 264 together, and 
we have the revelation of [Masonic 
secrets a crime punishable with the 
"strongest penalties,'' while treason is 
only a petty fault. These quotations are 
not from a "cowan" but from high and 
standard authority. When 2 and 3 make 
7. then ^^lasons can dodge the conclusion 
logically deduced from these quotations 
as premise, and not before. 

Just vrhat those "strongest penalties"' 
to be "enforced" against the recreant, 
who has lapsed in the ]\Iasonic "indis- 
pensible virtue of secrecy." are well 
known to all who read these lines. Xoth- 
ing less than death is the strong penalty 
threatened to be visited upon the man 
who backslides from the virtue of 
Masonic silence into free speech. If 
these penalties are not intended for en- 
forcement, then are they lies of devilish 
intent, but if their enforcement is intend- 
ed, then is murder premeditated. 

Xot long ago a noted ^lason. and also 
a noted preacher of the gospel said. 
''there is nothing in ^lasonry contrary 
to the dictates of an enlightened Chris- 
tian conscience."" AMien I confronted 
him with some of the profane and blas- 
phemous requirements of ]\Iasnor\'. his 
reply was, "You entirely misunderstand 
Freemasonry,'* which utterance he knew 

to be a lie. 

E. Brakeman, 


A superintendent of a Sunday School 
relates the following true incident. 

The title of the lesson was "The rich 
young man" and the golden text. "One 
thing thou lackest."' A lady teacher in 
the primary class asked a little tot to 
repeat the two, and, looking earnestly in 
the teacher's face, the child unblushingly 
told her, "One thing thou lackest — a rich 

Jrom ©ur €Kl)an0e0, 


Captured by Bandits, Gushing Made Himselt 
Known as a Mason and Was Released— Was 
to Have Been Held for $10,000 Ransom. 

Dan Cushing is still suffering from his 
experience with border bandits, by whom 
he was kidnapped at Devil" s River and 
held for a ransom, which was to have 
been left on the steps of the ^Mexican 
school house at Del Rio on I\Iarch 8, 
says a Houston (^Tex.) letter to the Xe\v 
York "Herald." 

The reason the ransom was not ex- 
acted, and a circumstance to which Cush^ 
ing probably owes his life, was the fact 
that he succeeded in the darkness of the 
night in communicating the distress sig- 
nal of ]\Iasonry to a member of the band. 

Cushing's first belief was that the men 
were bent on robbery. Instantly he tos- 
sed his watch and ]\Iasonic pin to one 
side, where they were fotmd the next da>- 
by a searching -party. The discarded 
^lasonic pin was a key to the situation, 
which was not suspected until after Cush- 
ing was released. 

l\Ir. Cushing came to Del Rio early in 
January with his wife, whose health is 
poor. For about two months he remain- 
ed in AA'estern Texas with nothing to do. 
Time dragged heavily on his hands and 
he took charge of the pumping plant at 
Devil's River. Sunday, March 7, was 
the first day of work. That night he lay 
in his cabin upon a pallet spread before 
the open door. 

After several hours he was awakened 
by a sensation of coldness. Attempting 
to shut the door he discovered an ob- 
stacle. Looking up from his bed he star- 
ed into the muzzle of a revolver in the 
hands of a tall man wearing: a black mask. 

"AMiat's your name?"' inquired the 

yir. Cushing disclosed his identity and 
was ordered to rise. At the- point of a 
revolver he dressed himself and was 
forced to get pen. ink and paper. Out in 
the moonlight upon a smooth rock a note 
was written as dictated by the bandit. A 
ransom of was demanded. This 

September, 1904. 


money was to be placed on the steps of 
the Mexican school house at Del Rio on 
the night of 2^Iarch 8. After the note was 
written, the paper was caught in the 
iamb of the door and the ink was set back 
in the window. 

Gushing was led down to the river by 
his captor. There two other white men 
and a [Mexican were in waiting with 
horses. The leader, who captured Gush- 
ing, was tall and of military bearing. He 
was addressed as«'"Gaptin Bob."' An- 
other of the whites was called "'Mike." 

Gushing was forced to mount a horse. 
*'2^1ike'' took a place behind and the ^lex- 
ican acted as a guide. The party rode 
in the river part of the way, but emerg- 
ed and proceeded in what appeared to be 
a northeasterly direction. 

;' ^ ^ 

Few words were spoken, except by the 
leader, who seemed anxious to reach a 
certain place by daylight. "Mike" acted 
as interpreter between the leader and the 
guide. On several occasions Gushing at- 
tempted to gain permission to raise the 
sack over his head to free his breathing, 
but was always silenced with an oath. 
Questions as to what was to be done 
with him were answered in a similar 

Xear morning Gushing was addressed 
by *']Mike.''' In answer he gave the sign 
of a [Mason in distress. The outlaw at 
once dismounted and conferred with 
"Gapt. Bob."' Soon they returned and 
Gusliing was ordered to dismount. He 
was told that he could go free, but 
enjoined, upon penalty of his life, not to 
look back. The way was described to 
him and the sack was lifted from his 

Without parley, Gushing started. He 
was stilt and chafed from his long ride. 
Xevenheless, he moved ahead vigorously, 
never looking back until close to noon. 

^ ;;; ^ 

He finally saw a light a long way off. 
He gained the section house, from the 
window of which the light streamed, and 
found himself two miles from the water 
station at which he had been kidnapped 
48 hours before. After receiving atten- 
tion the suffering man was conveyed to 
Del Rio, 14 miles away. 

The absence of Gushing had been dis- 
covered by the conductor of a train pass- 
ing the water tank the morning after the 
kidnapping. The note demanded a ran- 
some of S 10.000. The authorities had 
been notified and the governor made con- 
versant with conditions. The entire 
country was aroused. Bands of mounte^l 
men rode into the hills and galloped over 
the region. They were still out when 
Gushing returned. 

^Vhen the rescue party from Houston 
reached the scene further depredations 
by bandits were reported. A ranchman 
had been taken from his house in the 
dead of night and a fence rider named 
Billings had been carried away in a man- 
ner calculated to add to the excitement. 
Billings returned Friday. He is said to 
have tracked the brigands past four 
camping places and to have seen five 
men riding through the country. 

To-day there is warfare in West 
Texas. Gattle owners and cowboys are 
out in force, searching for the brigands, 
who have been terrorizing the countrv. 

It is believed that the brigands are 
commanded by a renegade former army 
officer, who collected the desperadoes of 
the border and engaged in a raid such as 
has never before been attempted in a 
country suppposed to be civilized. 

— The I'insl--r? Tizn^s. Fridsy. April 1. 19':»4. 


Almost all colleges have had trouble 
along this line; the hazing in many in- 
stances being cruel and barbarous. An 
effort has been made to stop it, but seem- 
ingly without success. The proper meth- 
od has been made use of by the father of 
a boy who was subjected to brutal hazing 
by the students at an Episcopal school in 
Xew York. The father demanded that 
the young men make an apolog}' before 
the faculty; but that body with the 
trustees did not think this necessary, so 
the father brought suit for damages 
against the college, and procured war- 
rants for the arrest of the hazers. The 
Independent gives a part of the father's 
letter to the secretary of the Board of Re- 
gents. It is language that every college 
professor might read with profit : "Our 
anxietv is not so much for mv son's col- 



September, 1904. 

lege career as for the effect that the out- 
come of this will have upon his character. 
He has always been brought up to honor 
the church and to respect the clergy. How 
can he do so when he sees candidates for 
the ministry boasting of becoming intox- 
icated, openly breaking- a pledge which 
they signed without reserve (not to be 
guilty of hazing), to hold good as long 
as they remain at St. Stephen's ; commit- 
ting a criminal oft'ense, from the punish- 
ment of which they seem to think they 
are shielded because it was committed 
within the college limit, and all this with- 
out one word of rebuke from the college 
authorities? A church college ought to 
take a very high stand upon these mat- 
ters.'" — Christian AA^orld. 


Growing: Reluctance of Monarchs to Remain 
Connected with tlie Craft. 

Three monarchs — namely, Edward 
A^n., the Kaiser and King Oscar — belong 
to-day to the craft, and in each instance 
they have, since their accession to the 
throne, ceased to be active members and 
have severed their connection with the 
lodges to which they belonged, finding 
the obligations of sovereignty incompati- 
ble with those of the brotherhood. Thus, 
during the last year of Queen Victoria's 
reign, the discovery that an atheistic Ma- 
sonic lodge, known as the Hiram Lodge, 
had been constituted in London under a 
charter from the Grand Orient of France 
compelled the then Prince of Wales, in 
his capacity as Grand Master of the En- 
glish Rite, to issue a somewhat violently 
worded decree directed against French 
]\Iasons, denouncing them as beyond the 
]\Iasonic pale, and prohibiting British 
members of the order from holding any 
^lasonic intercourse with them. True, 
it was in keeping with the attitude assum- 
ed by the Grand Lodge of England in 
1877, when the Grand Orient of France 
banished, so to speak, the Almighty from 
its lodges, excluding in the most rigorous 
fashion from its ceremonies all acknowl- 
edgement of or reference to the Grand 
Architect of the Universe. But in view 
of the role played by Masonry in the 
political life, of France, where most of 
the leading statesmen, from the President 
of the republic and the Premier down- 

ward, are members of the craft, it was^ 
to say the least, awkward, and it is easy 
to see that if circumstances were to arise 
necessitating the issue of another such 
attack upon French Masons by the Eng- 
lish Grand Lodge, the connection of King 
Edward with the latter would not mere- 
ly endow the manifesto with an official 
and international character, but would be 
calculated to impair the friendly relations 
between the tvv'o governments. 

This danger was brought home to the 
king within a few weeks after his acces- 
sion, for among the earliest petitions 
which he received after becoming king- 
was an appeal signed, not only by a large- 
number of Turkish Free Masons, but: 
likewise by tliousands of other members 
of the craft, calling upon him to use his 
influence to secure the freedom of a 
brother Mason, ex-Sultan Murad, Avho 
"for the last quarter of a century has been- 
imprisoned at Constantinople on the pre- 
text of a mental malady" by his younger 
brother, the present ruler of the Ottoman 
Empire. It was, perhaps, fortunate that 
a few days before this petition reached 
its destination Edward had surrendered 
the Grand Mastership of the order in 
England to his brother, the Duke of Con- 
naught, since otherwise his Masonic ob- 
ligations would have forced him to take 
some steps in behalf of Murad which 
might have clashed with the political in- 
terest of his kingdom. 

Emperor William, on succeeding to the 
throne, with the object of avoiding just 
such cjuandaries as these, hastened to 
sever his connection with the craft, nomi- 
nating* his cousin and brother-in-law,. 
Prince Frederick Leopold, to the Grand 
Mastership, while King Oscar of Swe- 
den showed similar prudence. Napoleon 
HI, however, neglected to take this pre- 
caution when he became Emperor of the 
French, and it was owing to his Masonic 
obligations that he gave such powerful 
support to the L^nited Italy party south, 
of the Alps, in defiance of French inter- 
ests. For it is hardly necessary to point 
out that it was to the advantage of France 
that Italy should remain divided up into 
a number of petty sovereignties,* instead 
of constituting one united kingdom that 
would necessarily become a menace and 
a danger to France. Napoleon was a 


September. 1904. 



]\Iason of the Italian Rite, and he had 
joined the order in his youth, while living- 
in Italy, and at a moment when the Italian 
lodges were the life and soul of the move- 
ment in favor of the unification of Ital}', 
with Rome as its capital. AMien he 
ascended the throne of France he found 
it convenient to forget his obligations. 
But ]\Iazzini, who was one of the prin- 
cipal dignitaries of the Grand Orient of 
Italy, and other influential Italian ^lasons 
lost no time in reminding him of his 
solemn pledges, giving him to understand 
that the enmity of the craft, and even 
punisliment in the shape of death, would 
inevitably overtake him unless he lived 
up to his promises. Xot merely threats, 
but bona fide attempts upon his life, began 
to follow one upon another with startling 
rapidity, until in 1859 he, to the dismay 
of all his most sensible counsellors and 
friends, embarked France in a costly and 
wholly unnecessary war with Austria, for 
the purpose of driving her out of Lom- 
bardy and of uniting the latter, as Vvcll 
as the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, the 
Duch}' of Parma and a number of other 
petty sovereignties of the Peninsula, to 
what was then known as the Kingdom of 
Sardinia. He likewise gave very material 
support to the movement which resulted 
in the overthrow of the Kingdom of 
Xaples and its absorption by what is now 
the Kingdom of Italy. Xapoleon's ]Ma- 
sonic friends demanded that he should 
help them to secure possession of Rome. 
But he realized that his subjects would 
not tolerate his taking part as sovereign 
of France in any movement that had for 
its object the overthrow of the temporal 
sovereigiity of the Pope, and that he 
would risk revolution and the loss of his 
throne if he continued any longer to 
yield to the demands of his Italian fellow 
Masons. It was then that he caused his 
cousin, Prince ]\Iurat, to become Grand 
blaster of the French Free ^lasons, and 
proclaimed his intention of protecting the 
craft in France in order thoroughly to 
make it clear, both in his own domin- 
ions and in Italy, that he had ceased to 
be a ^lason or to be bound by his obli- 
gations as such, although he would re- 
main a friend of the craft. And in order 
to give a token of his good will to the 
latter he issued a decree, bearing the date 

of 1862, legally recognizing and authoriz- 
ing the existence of the Order of Free 
]\Iasons in France. It is an irony of fate 
that this very fraternity should have be- 
come one of the chief factors in bringing^ 
about his downfall, and have constituted 
one of the chief obstacles to any mon- 
archical restoration in France. 

To what extent the ^lasons on the 
Continent of Europe interfere in politics 
may be gathered from the fact that after 
the collapse of the Boulanger bubble 
those of his adherents who belonged ta 
the order were subjected to severe dis- 
ciplinary measures by their lodges, not 
because they had taken part in a political 
movement, but because they had hap- 
pened to be on the losing side. In order 
to appreciate this, let any American 
I\Iason consider how he would feel if 
called to account and punished by his- 
ledge for having voted Vvdth the foes of 
the political party to which the majority 
of the members of his lodge belonged. In 
Italy, after Crispi's first visit to the late 
Prince Bismarck at Friedrichsruhe. he 
invoked the support of the Grand Orient 
at Rome for the Triple Alliance, which 
was very unpopular among the people. 
As a reward for his services in the matter 
the late Signer Lemni, the Grand blaster 
of the craft, was granted by the Cabinet 
of the day the monopoly of purchasing 
the foreign tobacco needed by the Italian 
government, the sale of tobacco in King- 
Meter Emmanuel's dominions vbeing a 
state monopoly. This enabled Lemni and 
his ]^Iasonic confreres to realize enormous 
fortunes within the space of a few years. 

It was in the third and fourth decades 
of the nineteenth century that the ^^lasons 
of Italy, Austria, France, Spain and Por- 
tugal first commenced to devote their at- 
tention to politics. This was due to the 
severity of the various monarchical gov- 
ernments in dealing with persons pro- 
fessing liberalism and radicalism. The 
men found that it was only behind the 
closed doors of ^lasonic lodges, duly 
tiled, that they could make their voices- 
heard and give free expression to their 
political opinions without peril of im- 
prisonment, and even worse. But, while 
this association between politics and Ma- 
sonry has served the personal ends and 
ambitions of manv of the statesmen who 



September, 1904. 

Avere members of the craft, it cannot be 
5aid to have furthered the real interests 
and aims of the fraternity; which has for 
its primary object universal brotherhood, 
and I recall the bitter resentment excited 
in France by two speeches of Adriano 
Lemni, the Grand 2vlaster of the Orient 
of Italy, delivered at Naples and at Rome, 
in which he proclaimed his ardent hope 
of seeing ere long the flag of his country 
iloating over Corsica. 

It was different during the eighteenth 
:and the early portion of the nineteenth 
centuries. Thus we find King Louis 
XA^I, who met with his death on the 
scafitold, and his two younger brothers, 
wdio reigned over France as Louis XVIII 
and Charles X, respectively, figuring as 
Masons and belonging to a lodge known 
as "The Three Brothers." King Charles' 
son, the Due de Berri, was likewise a 
prominent ]\Iason. So, too, was King 
Louis Philippe, and also his eldest son, 
the Duke of Orleans, father of the late 
Comte de Paris. King Frederick the 
Great was initiated while still heir ap- 
parent at Brunswick in 1738, and subse- 
quently founded a lodge of his own at 
his chateau of Rheinsberg. His connec- 
tion with the order remained very close 
and intimate throughout his reign, among 
the proofs thereof being a notable letter 
addressed by him the year before 
liis death to the lodge in Berlin 
known as the "Royal York of Friend- 
ship." Both of Frederick the Great's 
successors were Grand Masters of 
.the Grand Orient of Prussia, an 
office which the late Emperor Frederick 
%vas the last Prussian monarch to hold. 
But it is extremely doubtful if, in view 
of the political role of Masonry on the 
Continent of Europe, we shall ever see 
again sovereigns acting as grand masters 
of the craft. — Ex-Attache. 

—New Yoi-k Tri- Weekly Tribune. 


Withstood Temptation. Willy — I met 
our new^ minister on the way to Sunday 
School, mama, and he asked me if I ever 
played marbles on Sunday. 

Mother — H'm. And what did you say 
to that ? 

Willy — I said, "Get thee behind me, 
Satan," and w^alked right on and left 

Some years ago a Masonic Orphan 
Home in Norway was dedicated by the 
King, Oscar II. A recent investigation 
into the Masonic Home serves as an il- 
lustration of Masonic charity. A mal- 
treated child caused the institution to be 
examined, and, as Masonry in Norway 
is not always strong enough to pervert 
justice, the facts were brought to light, 
and the finding was that cruelty was not 
the exception, but the rule. 


Brother Robert M, Carothers presented the 
Grand Lodge report on correspondence. 

He devoted considerable space to the phys- 
ical question. He admits that moral worth 
Is an indispensable foundation for any man's 
Masonic edifice, but says physical perfection 
Is a fitting companion thereto. To his mind 
fewer complications will arise from closely 
following the precedents hoary with age than 
will be met with under the so-called "more 
liberal and enlightened" rule. He says North 
Dakota holds that "any physical defect 
'which prevents the candidate from com- 
municating, receiving or performing all the 
requirements of the several obligations and 
lectures, or of passing through the various 
ceremonies, unaided by artificial means,' is 
sufficient to disqualify a man to be made a 
Mason." The Ancient Charge covers the 
whole subject and should rule in all cases. — 
Masonic Voice-Review, Nov., 1903. 


Form Antilodge Clubs as Retaliation on Hus- 

(By The Associated Press.) 
New York, May 9. — As an offset to the 
recently formed Married Men's Anti-Euchre 
and Home-Preservation Society of Bayonne, 
N. J., the wives of some of the organizers 
have announced plans for the formation of 
an anti-lodge club. They assert that nu- 
merous husbands who object to the euchre 
craze among the women of Bayonne are 
members of six or seven organizations and 
pass much of their leisure time in the lodge 
room. Therefore, the devotees of euchre 
purpose, through their new club, to fight the 
men with their own weapons. 

The hands that are trained to service 
and the lips to kindliness of speech are 
well pleasing to God. 

Christian Workers' Tracts 

Why I Left the Rebekah Lodge. 

Mrs. Elizabeth M. Rull. 

6 pages, postpaid, each 2 cents. 
A package of 25 sent for 25 cents. 

Why I Left the Masons. 

Col. George R. Clarke, 

A Thirty-two Degree Freemason, 
an Officer of the Civil War, Founder 
of ''Pacific Garden Mission," Chi- 
cago, and a Christian Worker of 
National Reputation. 
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• yrwTimn imii^miimmmmimmmmmtmmm 


'In Spotless FiELDsr^ 
hm IH The Resiohs 

«--0F TNE *" 

Polar Hioht. 
-,, „ Thou 5erv'5t 

To The §oH6 

Of Time. 

A Plea for the 
High Schools 

A Parent's Right 

Bishop Potter's 
Masonic Juniors 


Emancipation of 



Managing Editor 

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Folly, Expense and Danger 


Secret Societies. 


of Wheaton College. 

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"Interfering With Men Employed" IGl 

"Bow Wong Woy" IGl 

College Society Life 161 

Denounce Masteo: Mason 162 

Knights of Friendship 162 

School Secret Societies. 163 

The Mystic 'Circle 163 

The Elks and Beev 163 

The Lion's Grip 163 

Sunday Advertising 163 

A Knight of the Orient 165 

Woi'ld's Fair Aceommodatious 166 

A New Excuse .\ . . . 167 

John Quincy Adams a Man of Varied 

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Honorable Toward Tenant 178 

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A Suggestion 182 

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My Summer's Work 182 

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Rev. Joihn T. Michael. 
Andrew Alexander- 
Edward J. Chalfant. 

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The World's Fair 188 

Turn on the Light 189 

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'Jesns answered him, — I spake openly to the world; aud in secret have I said nothing." John 18:20. 








221 West Madison St,, Chicago 

£nter«d at the Post Office. Chicago. IlL, as 
tiauam matter. 


"As a result of the troubles at the East 
St. Louis packing houses, the issuance of 
citations began on a wholesale plan at Belle- 
ville, 111., yesterday. They ordered the ap- 
pearance of the strikers in the circuit court 
to show cause why they should not be pun- 
ished for contempt in violating the injunc- 
tion issued by Judge Holder restraining 
strikers from interfering in any way with 
men employed to take their places." 

It is officers of the government who 
interfere with burglars, gamblers, and 
other criminals employed in unlawful 
work and obtaining money in disreputable 
ways. Interference ^with men lawfully 
employed, and laborers earning an honor- 
able living, comes, not from appointed of- 
ficers, but from criminal strikers. 


A ^^'ashington branch of the Chinese 
Empire Reform Association, known in 
the celestial tongue as the "Bow Wong 
Woy,"' was organized by Chinese laun- 
drymen and merchants, it is said, yester- 
day at 318 Pennsylvania avenue north- 
Avest. The principal purpose of this so- 
ciety, is stated to be the retirement from 
power of the dowager empress, Tsi An, 
in order that the Emperor of China may 
become ruler in fact instead of being a 
mere figurehead, as thev claim he is now. 

The oath of the societ}' was adminis- 
tered to about one hundred and fift}' local 
Chinamen, who promised to use ever}- 
means to retire the hated Tsi An from 
power and the public eye. 

Telegrams of congratulation were re- 
ceived from about thirty chapters of the 
order in this country, and addresses were 
made hv prominent Chinamen from Xew 


Greek Letter Training. 

Greek is a means of culture affecting 
literary preparation, Greek letter society 
training tends to secret society life be- 
yond. It is an initiation into the habit 
of initiation, and too often it is a drill 
in Tices natural to secret orders. 

The Greek letter society is likely to be 
a school of dissipation to whose influence 
no }oung man ought to be exposed. It 
seems hardly too much to say, that what 
is viciously and lawlessly rough in college 
life concentrates in the frat houses, and 
manifests itself in few other places, and 
in no other on college premises, more 
than where some society is in charge. 

Much of what is carried on under 
cover of college orders, would, in the out- 
side world, be regarded as bad training 
for citizenship. Its aspect is not hope- 
ftil ; it looks not toward life's upper but 
lower levels : it does not promise, it 
threatens. When a Xew Haven pastor's 
wife said she would rather send a son to 
hell than to Yale, she spoke from knowl- 
edge, but her remark fell like a bomb- 
shell into a nest of secret societies. 

A young man active in the Y. yi. C. A 
of Worcester (^Mass.) Academy, disap- 
peared into the silence of a college lodge 
at Brown. Alas for the training that 
cripples — the leading through dark ways 
toward darkness still bevond. 



October. 1904. 

It is said of Rev. George C. Lorimer, 
D. D.. who died in France last month, 
that he was a man whom "no 
ciiurch, no country, and no denomi- 
nation could claim." Dr. Lorimer 
^vas a great man intellectually, and 
had great influence throughout the 
country. The statement that he was 
one whom "no church could claim" re- 
minds us of his declaration from his pul- 
pit in Boston, when, according to news- 
paper report, he declared that if the time 
ever came when he had to choose between 
IMasonn- and the church, he would leave 
the church for the lodge. Amongst those 
who knew him as a brother Knight Tem- 
plar with the great rum manufacturer, 
Lawrence, of New England, whom he 
had with him on the platform of his 
church as an honored Masonic brother, 
no wonder is felt at the high panegyrics 
which have been universally given him by 
the secular and religious press of the 
country. As a youth he ran away to sea, 
and later became connected with the 
theater. xA.t the time of his death he was 
probably the most noted and popular 
Baptist pastor in the United States. 

The press reports that the Masonic 
fraternity are about to try to expel Rev. 
J. F. Cordova, fhe South River, N. J., 
minister who left his wife and children 
and eloped with Miss Julia Bowne. 

Wonder whether Miss Bowne was sis- 
ter or dauo-hter of a Mason? 


■ "Furthermore, that I will not have illicit 
carnal intercourse with a brother Master 
Mason's wife, his mother, sister or daugh- 
ter, I knowing them to be such, nor suffer 
it to be done by others, if in my power to 

Cordova, it is said, used his member- 
ship in the lodge to explain to his wife 
his frequent absences in New Brunswick, 
where he went to meet Miss Bowne. 

He may say to his lodge, as did Sena- 
tor Breckenridg-e, of Kentucky, in a simi- 
lar case, that he did not know that she 
was a ]^Iason's relative ! The senator 
went free. Many Masonic ministers have 
gone free. There are exceptions to all 
rules, and Cordova may be one. 

:Ma sonic officials are vehemently denounc- 
ing the methods of a former Master Mason 
in organizing rival lodges. They assert that 
many men are initiated into this organiza- 
tion, named '"The Independent Ancient Or- 
der of Free and Accepted Masons." in the 
belief that they are genuine blue lodge Ma- 
sons. The head of the rival society is 
Kortright Cruger. a clerk. He is said to 
}/e an expelled Mason. 
— Chicago Record-Hersld. 

Why denounce Clerk Cruger? Masonic 
initiations are not patented. If anything 
is to be done, why not prO'Secute him for 
perjury? Other Masonic officials are ask- 
ing $50 for the blue lodge degrees in 
Chicago and Cruger comes forward as a 
friend of the poor and offers a bargain 
lot for less than half price. "\Adiat's the 
matter with Cruger?" "He's all rig-ht !" 


(Special Dispatch to The North Amei'ican, Phihi- 

Reading, Pa., August 16. — Sessions of the 
Grand Chamber of the Knights of Friend- 
ship began here to-day, with a];>out 200^ 
delegates and visitors in attendance. Mayor 
Yeager delivered the address of welcome 
to the knights in behalf of the city, and 
(Jrand Sir Knight Marsha! O. B. Howard - 
of Reading responded. 

The present membership of the order is 
7.165. During the year four new subordi- 
nate lodges were instituted. It was decided 
to raise the per capita tax and place or- 
ganizers in the field to spread the order. 

Only those men .who believe in a Su- 
preme Being, "whose humanity prompts 
them to alleviate the suffering, to cheer 
the weary and heavy laden, and to per- 
form deeds of justice, friendship and 
benevolence," are invited to membership. 
The ritualistic work of the Knights of 
Friendship includes three degrees, the 
first, or Knight Junior ; the second, or 
Knight Bachelor, and the third, or Knight 
Errant degree. '•' ''' '■" The emblems 
of the Knights of Friendship include the 
triangle inscribed in a circle, a pot, the 
bow and arrows, and the crossed words. 

— Cyclopaeflia of Fraterinties. 

The young man who mortgages his fu- 
ture for wild oats will find no market 
for his crop. 

With the promise of the Holy Spirit 
to lead us into all truth, there is little 
excuse for ignorance, and far less for er- 


■» ,v»r.>>v«n.j>»«»n»l^^.;:jA-MP.3aM«iun»-faatJMIJ«^^ 

(.)rt.ol>ei\ r.:M>4. 



"1 seriously doubt whether the hixuri- 
ous style of life in some of the hig^hly 
endowed and fashionable present-day uni- 
versities turns out as stalwart a type of 
intellectual manhood as was produced in 
the plain, uncarpeted rooms of the old- 
fashioned, primitive-looking colleges. 
Silver spoons and soft raiment are not 
the regimen for heroes. Smooth seas and 
2:entle breezes never make a sailor." 

Kev. Til 

L. Onvl.T. I). D. 


Secret societies in or out of school 
should not exist in this our free America. 
They are selfish, slavish and unpatriotic. 
A secret organization in school must 
strain all proper relations there. It will 
be difficult for Superintendent Cooley to 
eradicate them when it is remembered 
that so many of the elders belong to such 
societies and when the students know 
that the school authorities invited the 
Freemasons to dedicate the normal 
school. Englewoodian. 

Chicago, Sept. 6. 

— Chicago Daily News. 



It is noticeable that the Mystic Circle 
calls its lodges "■Rulings." Thus, the Re- 
corder, its newspaper organ, gets reports 
for a number before us, from Butler Rul- 
ing, Xo. 729, Wilkinsburg Ruling, No. 
766, and others. Sister A. B., captain 
of the degree team, "certainly knows her 
business, for the degrees are given in 
splendid style" in Friedens Ruling 684. 
Star of the Forest Ruling, Xo. 522 — is 
it a shooting star, that dropped in the 
woods ?^ — had a Worthy Ruler installed 
and one \'ice Worthy, and a lot more, all 
worthy, until there were eleven worthies 
in all who underwent installation. 

In the secret society family there are, 
or were, not only the "Mvstic Circle," 
but the "Mystic Brotherhood," "Mvstic 
Chain," "AJystic Brothers," "]\Ivstic 
Workers." "Mystic Shrine," "Mvstic 
Star." and ";\lystical Seven." Some of 
these probably were not long separated 
from death, but doubtless others have 
been Ix^rn since the last report. 


^ A few weeks ago the secret order of 
Elks held a reunion in Cincinnati and 
the Cincinnati Post of July 30th makes 
the following statement in reference to 
the amount of beer consumed b\ them 
while in the cit\- : 

Official figures were made up Fridav 
by Secretary Miller, of the Brewers' Ex'- 
change. of the beer that was consumed in 
Cincinnati during the week of the Elks' 
reunion, over and above the normal quan-/ 

The extra amount consumed was 1.620 
barrels. There are 32 gallons to the bar- 
rel and 16 glasses to the gallon, making 
829.470 extra glasses drunk, for which 
was paid to the retailers $41,472. The 
profit of the retailers on this beer was 
easily 100 per cent. Based on these offi- 
cial figures, it is estimated that over 
Si 00, 000 was expended in the saloons. 
The brewers, taking this as a basis, esti- 
mate that the visiting Elks expended Si,- 
250.000 m Cincinnati, and claim that their 
official figures are a good basis of cal- 


Lion Gives Member of Eajrles the Grip. 

Shamokin. Pa.. Aii.a-ust 29.— William Sem- 
iiion.s. of this town, met a number of mem- 
bers of the Brotherhood of Eajrles counect- 
ert Avith a circus, and they .save him a view 
of the menagerie. 

Semmons reached into a cage and at- 
tempted to pet a lion. The beast, with 
lightning- rapidity, reached out one of its 
].aws and mangled his hand. 

It is said, upon the highest authoritA-, 
that a man cannot travel with safetv and 
success except as a fraternity man.' The 
experience of the brother Eagle throws 

doubt upon the claim. 


Service for Kastern Star. 

( Mive Chapter of the Eastern Star will 
attend services at St. Peter's Church, In- 
diana avenue and Thirty-seventh street, 
to-mcrrow evening. A special program 
of music will l)e given. Rev. Dr. F. P. 
Duffy will preach on 'The Star of Bethle- 
hem — What Was It?'" 



Octoiber. 19U4. 



(Trauslated from the German by Rev. Theodore 

COMMIT thy tribulatious 

To the ail-faithfnl care 
Of -Him who rules creation — 

The mountains, sea and air; 
Who in their paths has ever 

The winds and billows led. 
Should He not find a pathway 

Whereon thy foot can tread? 

TO THE LORD alone for succor 

And comfort thou must flee: 
If thy work is to prosper. 

On His work thou must see; 
Thy sorrow and distraction. 

Thy anguish and despair, 
Receives no benefaction; 

Which must be sought in prayer. 

THY Grace and Faith eternal, 

O Father, comprehends 
What benefits the mortal 

Or to his ruin tends; 
What thou hast then elected 

Thou carriest on with might, 
And safely is effected 

Thy counsel's glad delight. 

WAYS Thou hast in all places, 

Thou hast the means in sight; 
Thy acts are faultless blessings, 

Thy path is radiant light; 
Thy work no one can hinder. 

Thy labor cannot rest. 
When doing for Thy children 

What Thou regardest best. 

AND though the very devil 

Displays his strength and skill, 
And with the powers of evil 

Resists Jehovah's will; 
Yet He shall never waver. 

Or from His plans recede; 
What He does will and favor 

Must yet at . last succeed. 

HOPE, O de.iected suff'rer! 

Hope, and be of good cheer. 
Out of the smelting-furnace. 

Where thou dost pine in fear, 

Thy God shall thee deliver; 

Abide thou but His hour. 
And on thee shall the Giver 

Of gifts His blessings shower. 

INflame in holy ardor. 

And cast thy cares away! 
To God on high give honor. 

And banish thy dismay! 
Why. thou art not the ruler 

Of heaven, and earth, and hell; 
The Lord does sit in glory 

And governs all things well. 

HIM. Him let rule and labor; 

He is a gracious Prince; 
And as a mighty Savior 

He shall Himself evince, 
W^^hen He with might and wisdom 

Brings to a blessed goal 
The trials and afflictions 

That now depress thy soul. 

HE does now for a season 

Conceal His face, indeed. 
And acts, as thou would'st reason. 

As though He does not heed 
Thy, prayers and thy anguish; 

As though thou on and on 
In fear and pain must languish; 

As though His love were gone. 

SHALL it appear, however. 

That thou hast kept the faith. 
Thy bonds He sliall dissever. 

When thou expectest least. 
And from the heavy burden 

He shall thy heart release. 
That now, to no misfortune. 

Disturbs thy rest and peace. 

BRING to thy virtue patience — 

IT is faith's choicest fruit — 
And wait for thy redemption 

From all distress and need. 
Then God shall crown with glory 

The vessel of His Grace. 
And thou shalt sing the story 

Of Love before His face. 

TO PASS away, in Mercy, 

Good Lord, our ills command! 
Do strengthen in Thy service. 

Great Savior, foot and hand! 
Sustain against defection 

Thy children by Thy Breath. 
And grant by Thy Election 

Us faith and hope in death. 

O God, Who art Peace everlasting, 
Whose chosen rew^ard is the gift of Peace, 
and Who hast taught us that the peace- 
makers are Thy children, pour Thy sweet 
Peace into our soiuls, that everything dis- 
cordant may utterly vanish, and all that 
makes for Peace be sweet to us forever. 
Amen. — Gelasian. 


(Jctol>ei-. r.H)4. 



the best blood of the Celestial Empire, 
and, despite his conventional twentieth- 
century attire, he is bound on holy pil- 
grimage. No fiery steed bears him on his 
way, but the vehicle known in his native 
tongue as the ''fire- wheeled carriage."" 

As the train leaves Chicago in the heat 
and dust of an August noon, he lays his 
head wearily against the crimson cush- 
ions and surveys his past. Seldom have 
twenty-three years united experiences so 
unique and so momentous. Deprived of 
his mother in early childhood, he found 
through misfortune the greatest bless- 
ing of his life. "The home of wealth 
that sheltered his next of kin had no love 
and care for the motherless boy. To es- 
cape what his childish soul resented as 
injustice, he ran away to his father, 
whose business as collector for a mer- 
cantile establishment forbade him a set- 
tled home. The father wished to send the 
boy back to his aunt. She sent word to 
the former : 

'Tf you will give him a severe beating, 
and if he will promise never to run awav 
again, he may return." 

The conditions were too hard, and the 
child remained for a time with his fa- 
ther. But the boy must have a home 
and must go to school. No combination 
of home and school exists in China, ex- 
cept under the auspices of foreign mis- 
sionaries. To such an institution was the 
father recommended, and there, merelv 
because he had no other place, he entered 
his son. 

^^'ith the memories of his school life, 
the dark eyes behind the gold-rimmed 
glasses brighten, and the sensitive lips 
part in a smile which reveals teeth of 
dazzling whiteness. He recalls his in- 
troduction to Western civilization 
through the medium of the Saturday 
night bath, administered by the mission- 
ary mother. He recalls his first glimpse 
gold-rimmed glasses, in- of the teacher whose advent changed his 

life, who became to his reverent love all 
that the Madonna is to the devout Catho- 
lic, but whose life touched his through a 
hundred daily ministrations of tender- 
ness. He recalls her tears when, at the 
age of fifteen, he tells her that his fa- 
ther has found him a place in a jewelry 
and curio shop, and that he must now 
leave the school. He recalls her joy 

(Mr. Kung Is tlie One on the Left.) 



(The subject of this sketch is Mr. Kung, a 
descendant of (Jonlucius now studying in 
Oberlin College. His story is told more fully 
In Miss Miner's "Two Heroes of Cathay.") 

He is no sham Oriental, masquerading 
in grandiose title and gay regalia, but a 
true son of the East. Few traces of his 
origin, however, are visible in his ap- 
pearance. The badge of his nationality 
was cut from his head two years ago. 
He is arrayed in faultless American dress. 
His dark eyes look with pathetic lan- 
guor through 

stead of the huge, round spectacles, with 
wide tortoise-shell rims, w^orn by the 
scholars of his native land. His slender 
and shapely hand, laid wearily upon his 
knee, is adorned, not with finger nails of 
sickening length, but with a modest gold 
ring. His small feet, trimly shotl in 
enameled leather, might be the envy of 
an American girl. Yet in his veins flows 



October. 1904. 

when, on learning- that the tirst require- 
ment in the shop wih be an aet of heathen 
worship, he refuses to go. What unfail- 
ing thoughtfulness and forbearance were 
hers ! How divinely patient she was wath 
his petulant outbursts ! How she watched 
over his health with more than maternal 
tenderness, showing her care in little, 
homely ways — a chest-protector made 
with her own hands when he was trou- 
bled with a cough, an iron tonic in the 
summer's languor. 

His mind falters before the memories 
of four }ears ago, that awful summer 
when China went mad and defied the 
world. Gladness ! What else could have 
changed the gentle, tractable people of 
the interior to fiends?* Two months he, 
with his \Vestern friends, saw the walls 
of their prison contract about them. Two 
months they w^alked through the dark- 
ness of the \'alley of the Shadow of 

His dear saint said to him one day : 
'Tf there is peace, we wish you to stay 
with us, for you are a comfort to us all ; 
but when danger draws near, I beg you 
to escape. Your life is worth more than 
any one of ours. You are 'our joy and 
crown,' and you can do for your coun- 
trvmen what we of alien race can never 

He listened in respectful silence, but 
his heart said, " 'Where thou diest, I will 
die." " 

It was not so to be. When the last 
hour came, and fire and sword did their 
fatal work, he was a prisoner in his own 
home. His kindred turned deaf ears to 
his entreaties to be allowed tO' share the 
fate of those who were dearer to him than 
life. Then and long; afterward he was 
tormented with the thought that with 
greater efifort he might have saved them. 
Unhapp}' boy ! Would the Almighty 
have placed the burden of six lives on the 
shoulders of a frail lad not twenty years 
of age ? And yet, after three years, he 
lies awake in a college dormitory ten 
thousand miles away from the scene of 
that massacre,, revolving plans by which 
he might have averted it. 

"This way lies madness." He must not 
think of these things, nor of the time, 
five months after the massacre, when 'he 
saw those beloved forms taken from their 
dishonored resting place, and when he 

longed to throw himself into that loath- 
some pit and perish in the flames that 
burned there. 

He gazes from the window to distract 
his ar.guished mind, for he has no com- 
panion in his journey. The landscape 
has changed. The train is approaching a 
large city. He is nearing the goal to- 
ward which he has been yearning for 
three unhaoDv years, and toward which 
he has struggled through incredible diffi- 
culties and hardships. For this he has 
exiled himself for a season from his na- 
tive land, for this he has traveled ten 
thousand miles and endured countless re- 
bufi:"s — that he may bring to the kindred 
of his dear dead the homage of a 
broken heart and the last messages and 
mementCies of a love that outlives death. 
What knight of chivalry had holier mis- 
sion ? 

The car grows dark. They are enter- 
ing the great city station. The con- 
ductor passes down the aisle, mechan- 
ically calling, "i\I !" The young 

knight rises to his feet, each slender hand 
graspin,g a suit- case. His long pilgrim- 
age is at an end. 

Oberlin, Ohio, Aug. 2-] , 1904. 


The St. Louis Young iVIen's Christian 
Association has organized a World's Fair 
Bureau, through which it is prepared to 
furnish reliable accommodations at rea- 
sonable rates in hotels, boarding houses 
and splendid private honies. This is really 
an extension of the boarding house reg- 
ister, which such associations have al- 
wa\s maintained for the benefit of stran- 
gers. The St. Louis Association makes 
no charge to its patrons, either directh- 
or indirectly, for the service, and the 
benefits of the bureau are extended not 
cnlv to voung men, but the Christian 
public generally. Those interested are 
invited to correspond with E. P. Shep- 
ard. Secretary Y. I\L C. A. World's Fair 
Ikireau, Grand and Franklin avenues. St. 

If we will only faithfully work the 
oars" God will steer the boat to the bet- 
ter shore. 

October. 19<M. 




The Man Who Was "Put to the Ministry. 

BY RE\'. \V. n. S'JODDARl). 

I asked a friend to subscribe f(jr the 
Cynosure, and he replied that he" 'loAved'" 
he could not, as he had "just been put 
to the ministry." His reasoning, if such 
it could be called, seemed indeed strange. 
His idea seems to have been that as his 
brethren had asked him to preach to them 
he should remain as ignorant as possil^le, 
which was evidently very possible in 
his case. He would never join a lodge, 
nor would the members of his church, as 
the church did not allow it. Why, then, 
should he seek information, or help an 
organization not controlled by his church ? 
If ignorance be bliss, is it not folly to 
be wise? 

Wliile we may be glad that such a man 
is wise enough to keep out of secret so- 
cieties. I do not believe he is doing his 
whole duty. We are not alone to re- 
fuse to fellowship the "unfruitful works 
of darkness," but "rather reprove them." 
Xo man can serve the "God and Father of 
our Lord Jesus Christ" in the United 
States and fail to bare testimony against 
this giant system of false worship and 
folly. Can one look on and see three 
times as many altars erected to a false 
god as to the true and be silent regard- 
ing the false? Will God excuse us be- 
cause we are ignorant of facts which we 
might know? If a man has been "put 
to tiie mini^trv" by his brethren, can he 
be justified before God and his congre- 
gation if he fails to inform himself and 
those who look to him for spiritual guid- 
ance ? 

While we recognize there is danger, 
yes, a great danger, as is pointed out by 
some, of educated men relying more on 
their education than on the spirit of God 
to help theni in bringing the divine mes- 
sage, there is also a great danger that 
the man from the plow who knows little 
of God, His word or His wa}s. will give 
little to those who listen to his preach- 
ing. How often have we been pained to 
hear the ignorant sing-song of a man 
who is no more fitted to instruct than a 
frog to run a mill. 

What we need is faith, ves, "Tace, ves. 

the Holy Spirit, \-es. ])ut, oh, how much 
we need wisdom dixine ! Ignorance 
should not commend itself to saint or 
sinner. Ho'w man}- more would be help- 
ed if there was more knowledge regard- 
ing the evils that abound ! 

A father complained to the writer that 
his son took no interest in church mat- 
ters. The father was a farmer and a 
preacher ; the son was a school teacher. 
The father was ignorant : the son was 
educated. The son saw ignorance mani- 
fest not alone in his father's preaching, 
but in matters generally pertaining to his 
church. Is it any wonder he was not 
attracted ? 

Here is a minister who either never 
says anything about the great evils of the 
da}" or expresses himself in such a wa}- 
as to show a lack of information : what 
efifect will his preaching have on those 
who are considering what is presented ? 
Will they think that ignorance and 
preaching go together and that dislike 
for the lodge comes from a failure to un- 
derstand it? Is there not danger that the 
intelligent man, disgusted with such 
preaching, will turn from the church to 
the lodge? 

God wants his children to be intelligent. 
What better source of information re- 
garding the lodge system than the Chris- 
tian Cynosure? Let us pray for it. look 
to it, and support it with our means. 



I have been studying Jolrn Quinc} 

He was a poet, a splenditl literar} man. 
and a splendid ambassador. 

He was the son of F^-esident John 

He was a patriot, a magnificent speak- 
er, and a thinker ; l:)ut because he was 
opposed to Freemasonry and slavery, thev 
snubbed him and tried to keep the people 
from knowing anything about him. 

\Mien the names of many of the Pres- 
idents are forgotten, the name of John 
Ouinc}' Adams will shine. 

Al:)raham Linci^ln acknowledged that 
he received his best inspiration in ]ioli- 
tics from lohn Quincv Adams. 

—Leaves of Th-alTiiL:. 


Their Motto Should Be ''Thoroiish. 


Lord ]\Iacaulay tells us that the Earl 
of Statlord g'ave the name of "thorough" 
to the scheme by which he proposed to 
make Charles the First of England as 
absolute as any of the sovereigns of Eu- 
rope. He devoted his life to this end, 
which proved a most dreadful failure, 
both to himself and his kingly master. 
There is but one sovereign who is abso- 
lute, because infinitely wise and bene- 
ficient. To him the most perfect submis- 
sion is the supremest wisdom. There can 
be no question as to whether our con- 
formity to Divine will ought to be ''thor- 
ough." The mistake of the ages has been 
half-heartedness, a lack of thoroughness 
in methods of reform. This mistake was 
manifest in the reformation of the six- 
teenth century. Neither Luther nor his 
colaborers siaw all the truth, nor were 
the}- prepared to give it its fullest appli- 
cation. The temperance reform has 
shown a similar need of thoroughness. 
The earlier temperance reformers saw 
that the evil of the drink habit resulted 
mainly from the use of distilled spirits, 
and hence they thought it only needful 
that people should be pledged against 
their use as a beverage. They failed to 
see that alcohol in the form of wine, beer, 
and cider, was just as truly a poison as 
in the form of whisky and rum ; and that 
it was the alcohol habit, however acquir- 
ed, that constituted the curse of intem- 
perance. Until a more thorough pla'n 
was adopted, the reform made little prog- 
ress. The effective war is against the 
use of alcohol in any form whatever. 

The Fatal Broken Link. 

The same mistake is being made in 
the anti-secrecy reform. Because there 
is a marked distinction between the dif- 
ferent secret orders, and because some 
of them have been organized for laudable 
objects, many good people have thought 
that it would be wise to discriminate, and 
while it would be right to discountenance 
or prohibit the more obnoxious, we might 
approve of, or at least be silent in ref- 
erence to, others. The result has been, 

that wherever such discrimination has 
been made, the testimony against the 
major secret orders, such as Freemasonry 
and Odd Fellowship, has ere long been 
broken down, and the entire lodge-sys- 
tem, like an overwhelming flood, has • 
come to have unlimited sway. I do not 
know of a single exception. 

"The Knd Justifies the Means" a Wrony: Prin- 

The reason is obvious. All secret so- 
cieties profess to be benevolent. They 
adopt the system of secrecy as a con- 
venient method of securing their ends. 
They appeal to the love of the ritualistic 
and the desire for gain ; and to those who 
see nothing wrong in their methods, the 
plea is often irresistible. 

The mistake is the common one, and 
not at all confined to the Jesuits, that 
the end justifies the means. If it be con- 
ceded that secrecy, as a basis of organiza- 
tion, is a legitimate method of procedure, 
then it follows that any organization, if 
not professedly fraudulent, should have 
right of way, not only in civil so- 
ciety, but also in the church. The truth 
is, that 'Organized secrecy is the baneful 
method which gives character to all these 
organizations. It is exclusive, selfish, 
and gives opportunity for wrong-doing. 
It is the alcohol in the wine. It is the 
vicious principle, and cannot be tampered 
with in safety. Take as an example the 
Grange, one of the least harmful of the 
secret orders. Its exclusiveness is mani- 
fested in shutting out the large majority 
of society — people who have as real an 
interest in the cultivation of the soil as 
the farmer. But it arrays his interest 
against theirs, and separates those whom 
God has joined together in Christian 
fellowship, by conflicting interests. 

If selfishness, which is the essence of 
all sin, is wirong, then secrecy as a basis 
of organization is wrong. Let all the 
anti-secrecy churches adopt "Thorough" 
as their motto. 

The joy over the fatted calf did not re- 
store to the fast young man his wasted 
inheritance, and it never will.. 

Because the prodigal received a gdad 
welcome is no reason why others should 
live among swine. 

October. 1904. 





A Tremendous Movement, 

The education of twenty millions of 
children is a subject of such transcendent 
importance that no human mind can ade- 
quately conceive it. When one thinks 
of the effect upon the individuals, 
their homes, the local communities, the 
nation at large or the nations without, the 
subject is of incalculable moment. The 
issues are for eternity. One has only to 
reflect on the vast gulf which separates 
the savage from the civilized man, and to 
think of what the world would be without 
Christian education, to appreciate in some 
measure the fact of which we speak. We 
cannot comprehend the situation, but we 
can apprehend it, and we ought to do so. 

No man should consider himself a 
patriot who is indift'erent to the educa- 
tioffl of his little countrymen. 

The high school is that part of the 
American educational system which is 
now most rapidly evolving. For many 
}'ears it was a question whether taxation 
for the hig-h school was not class legisla- 
tion. To tax the entire community for 
the secondary education of a small min- 
ority of the people, and those the ones 
who could best aft'ord to pay for then- 
education, was at least questionable. But 
the people for the present have decided 
to tax themselves for the school, and are 
putting millions of money into buildings, 
equipment and salaries. 

The teachers were at the beginning, 
and are very largely still, college men 
and women. The ideals of the hio-h 
school were all of them drawn from the 
college. The subjects studied, the order 
in which they were taken up, and the 
methods of instruction, all were decided 
by college men. It has resulted that ser- 
mons are preached before high school 

classes as before colleges. Annual com- 
mencements are held, and the names of 
the classes in college are borrowed for 
the classes in high school. There are 
certain advantages in this arrangement 
and certain disadvantages. The annual 
sermc^n, if it be a suitable one, affords 
an opportunity such as any Christian min- 
ister should be grateful for. The com- 
mencement exercises also are a fittino- 
celebration to mark the change from the 
closer supervision of the public school 
to the comparative freedom of the col- 

The borrowing of the names of classes 
is probably an evil. For a child of from 
fourteen to fifteen, beginning Latin gram- 
mar and algebra, to be told that he is 
a freshman is a misfortune, and for a 
person who has just finished four years 
secondary work to be called a senior is in 
many instances an intellectual wet blan- 
ket stimulating self-conceit and putting 
an end to study. But the high school, 
like all other parts of the public school 
system, is born of the Christian faith 
and foresight which has guided our na- 
tional life, intelligent citizen, no 
Christian, can be indiff'erent to it. It 
wields a vast power and this power be- 
longs to God and His church. 

Social Defects Copied and Intensified. 

x-\long with other evils which threaten 
this great institution is the disposition to 
copy the social life of the college. High 
school pupils are younger than college 
students and their social life should be 
different. High school pupils usually re- 
side at home; college students are usual- 
ly a\\a}- from the parental roof and there- 
fore the needs are not the same. It is 
one of the sad facts respecting our human 
nature that copyists are more apt to pic- 
ture the defects than the excellencies. 

The college prayer-meeting has never, 
so far as we know, been adopted by any 
higlf school, but the dances which some 



October. 1904. 


They Are Both Noxious Weeds — Why Root Out One and Cultivate the Other ? 

colleges have established are becoming, 
in our city schools at least, almost uni- 
versal. Hundreds of colleges have Yotmg 
Men's Christian Associations and Young- 
Women's Christian Associations. I do 
not know of one high school which has 
such an organization, but the secret socie- 
ties which are the curse of college life are 
springing up on every side. The public 

press states that in Chicago alone there 
are forty secret societies connected with 
the high schools ; and while secret so- 
cieties are always needless and always 
injurious, they are specially "harmful to 
the immature persons who make up the 
high school population of our country. 
All the injury which they do to older per- 
sons is in fact more permanent and more 

^vu > mwmfFm>ti' ' ^ ' 'irmr7if- r;<^tr„ LA 

October. 19<>4. 



certain in the case of young- men and 
women who are at this stage of their 
educational career. The tendency to law- 
lessness, the distruction of the commun- 
ity spirit, the temptation to all forms of 
immortality — all these arc intensified in 
the case of the young. 

Although the secret society moyement 
in the hig-h school is in its infanc}". the 
eyil results already evident have caused 
widespread alarm, and efforts to abolish 
the evil have already begun. In Chicago, 
in Kansas City and in Tacoma steps have 
been taken to wipe out the secret orders 
and the evils which they produce. 

Chicago Action High School Principals. 

The most thorough examination into 
this subject which has been made, so far 
as we have knowledge, took place in Chi- 
cago. The principals of fifteen Higdi 
Schools and three hundred and forty- 
eig'ht High School teachers attached their 
names to the report addressed to ^Ir. 
Cooley, Superintendent of Schools, which 
was as follows : 

••Dear Sir: AVe. the principals and teacti- 
ers of the Chicago High Schools, desire to 
express to you. and through you to the 
patrons of the ><chools. our disapproval of 
High School Fraternities and Sororities. 
AVe believe these organizations are undem- 
ocratic in their nature, demoralizing in 
their tendencies and subversive of good 
citizenship: that they tend to divert their 
members from scholarly puTsuits and to 
put the so-called interests of the organiza- 
tion above those of the school. 

••The effect of secret societies is to divide 
the school into cliques, to destroy unity and 
harmony of action and sentiment, and to 
render it more difficult to sustain the heip- 
ful relations which should exist between 
pupils and teachers. 

••Since the public school is an institution 
supported by public tax. all classes, with- 
out distinction of wealth or social standing, 
are entitled to an (Miual share in its Ijene- 
tats. Anything that divides the school com- 
munity into exclusive groups, as these so- 
cieties do, militates against this liberaliz- 
iaig influence that has made one people out 
of a multitude. 

••These organizations multiply the social 
functions which demand too large a share 
of time and attention from school work. 
They offer temptations to imitate the 

amusements and relaxations of adult life, 
while their meml)ers have not acquired the 
power of guiding their actions by mature 
judgment. During the impressionable 
Aears of youth, school and home should 
unite their powerful influences to prevent 
the formation of habits that retard healthy 
moral, intellectual and physical growth. It 
is umiuestionably true that the full co-op- 
eration of these agencies is hindered by the 
influence of these societies. 

••In addition to this, our experience shows 
that the scholarly attainments, of the ma- 
jority of students belonging to these secret 
societies are far below the average, and we 
have reason to believe that this is due to 
the influence of such organizations. 

••In view of these facts we feel that se- 
cret societies ought to be discouraged by 
all reasonable mpans." 

In pursuance of this report the Board 
of Education undertook to stamp out the 
secret society movement in the public 
schools. They torbade the use of. school 
buildings to the secret societies, and for- 
bade them to call themselves by the name 
of the high schools. They ordered that 
persons belonging to such societies should 
not represent the schools in athletic or 
other contests. In a word — as the secret 
society isolates itself from the school 
body, the Board of Education undertook 
to extend that isolation to its logical re- 

Another fact, not mentioned by the 
mere than three htmdred high school 
teachers m their objections to the frater- 
nity, is the actual danger to life and limb 
involved in the initiations. For example, 
a high school student in Evans ville, Ind., 
was recently put in a coffin and, attended 
b\" some of his comrades, was dragged in 
a springdess wagon throug-h the streets of 
the city until early dawn. This shows 
that the high school will initiate just as 
the colleges do ; that foolish and danger- 
ous initiations there will result in insan- 
ity, idiocy, physical injury or death pre- 
cisely as they have in the college initia- 
tions and in the initiations of the ^lasons, 
Woodmen, Elks, etc. 

The widespread agitation of this sub- 



October, 190-t. 

jeer, the publicity given it through the 
press, are hopeful signs of the tim€S. 
and we nid.y trust that the high school, 
which was established for the benefit of 
tlie nation, shall not be drawn into the 
hot-beds of vice and crime by the secret 
societ}" system. 

But Why Stop Here ? 

This question will. I think, instantly 
arise in the mind of every intelli-g-ent 
who has studied this question. Alen who 
have been familiar with secret societies 
in colleges know that every evil result 
attributed to fraternities in the high 
school has always marked the presence 
of fraternities in college. The dividing 
the college into cliques, the destruction 
of the school spirit, the tendency to snob- 
shness. the temptation to drinking, danc- 
ng. and related vices, the consequent in- 
uries to the bodies and minds of young 
men and women, the lowering of the 
standard of scholarship, the cowardly in- 
itiations in which a company— it is hard 
not to say a ■'gang" — of young people 
put in peril the reason, the lives and 
limbs of candidates who are being initiat- 
ed — all this has been for years familiar 
to those who understand the fraternity 
system in our colleges. 

The murder of Rustin at Yale, of Leg- 
get and others at Cornell, of Lawrence 
in Chicago, are simply the ripened fruit 
of the fraternity movement. They are 
not abnormal but natural results of the 

Men who apologize for the fraternity 
justify these crimes, which are the earlier 
fruits from the tree which has produced 
the slayers of Morgan, Miller and other 
men Avho in initiations or for violation 
of their lodge oaths have been sent to 
untimely graves. 

We believe that the thanks of all 
parents, all Christians, all friends of pub- 
he education, all lovers of liberty, are due 
to the high school principals and teach- 

ers who have warned the public of this 
danger and have undertaken to- remove it. 

^^ e also consider it a token of good 
that so far as we have yet heard no Board 
of Education to which the subject has 
been referred has failed to acknowledge 
the danger and to seek to suppress its 
cause. The teachers who have courage- 
ously done their duty have been sustain- 
ed by the authorities. This is well. 

\\'e appeal still further to all high 
school men to whom this writing may 
come. As the fraternities are injurious 
to the young men under your care, so 
they are detrimental to the older men in 
college and public life. x-\s high school 
men are seeking to protect their work 
against fraternities, ought they not to 
add to their protest the force of personal 
example ? Should they not also aid those 
who struggle to free the colleges, the 
universities, and , the great outer, world 
from the same evils ? 

We trust that there may be a great 
awakening on this subject and that there 
ma}- come to the help of those who are 
laboring against the secret society move- 
ment a great host of high school men 
who are seeing the evil arise and who 
will be led to study it in its wide appli- 
cations and to become educators indeed 
on this most iniDortant subject. 


EA'Cry institution proposing to take 
care of a child, in the same act pledges 
itself to consider the dearest interests 
of his parents. The state does this in 
maintaining public schools and requiring' 
attendance. Private educational institu- 
tions likewise recognize parental claim, 
or, if, at any point, they ignore it, they 
perpetrate a serious wrong. . The spirit 
of this principle extends into the range 
of higher educational institutions, and a 
parent supporting a son in college has 
indefeasible rights not justly ignored. 
The contract of higher institutions of 
learning may appear to " be with the 

October. 1904. 



student alone, but it keenly affects others 
beyond him. 

Few would deny that poor teaching- 
was a fraud, of which not only the 
student but his father also had a right 
to complain. Positively erroneous teach- 
ing of history, language or science, would 
be something against which a parent 
would protest with little peril of being 
thought out of place. Not less clear is 
the parents' rig-ht to insist, that, whether 
his son has moral protection or not, he 
shall at least not be misled by influences 
set' in motion by the institution of learn- 
ing, OT conducted on its premises with its 
approval. A college could not incorpor- 
ate or tolerate a bar room. 

Public schoo'ls cannot take on objec- 
tionable moral features without pervert- 
ing civil government. A mother who 
knows that her daug'hter cannot safely 
attend public dances, has a right to keep 
her from them; and the state has no 
right so to conduct atlairs connected with 
its public schdoi system, as to force upon 
the pupil what the parent opposes with 
positive moral objection. A girl whose 
mother has kept her from dances, and 
thus preserved her from dissipation which 
would have made her scholarship less a 
credit to the school, should not be corner- 
ed at graduation, and practically forced 
into a ball room out of which she will 
not come the same as when she entered. 
If, for the sake of being true to the idea 
that the school is public, pupils are kept 
from reading the Bible, on the same prin- 
ciple the parent can demand exemption 
from dancing. 

Every father whose son attends a high 
school, academy or institution of colle- 
giate grade, has a rig^it to complain if 
that school prints in its catalogue an 
account of secret societies as among its 
own institutions, or maintains chapter 
houses on its own grounds. When it is 
reported that, after the annual class sift- 
ing, hardly more of the members of a 
certain Greek letter society are left than 
are necessary to initiate a new set of 
pupils, who'se scholarship it will reduce 
so that they in turn cannot pass exami- 
nation for class promotion, it is evident, 
that, not students alone, but parents also 
are disappointed and wronged. Not oiily 
the secret society but the institution that 
harbors it is to blame. 

It is a hard thing for a father to re- 
fuse permission to his son to accept an 
invitation to join what the school main- 
tains. No father ought to be driven into 
such a position. The institution has just 
claims on a parent, but this is not one 
of them. The situation is not imagined, 
it has been actual and painful, and the 
educational institution, as well as the so- 
ciety it toierated, has been to blame. 
Temptations g'ather around students, but 
schools and colleges should not create 
but morally antagonize them. Schools 
are theoretically constructive, they should 
not become practically destructive. They 
cannot without violating the parents' 
rightful claim. 


"Catholics Will Control," was the head- 
ing of an article copied in the June Cyno- 
sure from the Washington Times, con- 
sisting mainly of an extract from an ad- 
dress given last April by a Roman Cath- 
olic before the Catholic Order of Knights 
of Columbus. He declared it to be "the 
richest order in the world." He also said : 
"We have just cause for congratulation 
in the fact that we have so large a repre- 
sentation of our order in the halls of 
Congress, and I predict and pray that 
the time will come when the orders of 
the Catholic church can muster a quorum 
in the House of Representatives."" (Ap- 

( )n page 48 of the same number, in the 
article entitled "Expelling Puritans," a 
Roman Catholic lawyer betrays his antip- 
athy to separation of church and state, 
which cost so great a struggle in Ameri- 
ca, and which broke the arm of persecu- 
tion and cut off state taxation for sec- 
tarian support. He there speaks of Ro- 
man Catholic "Indian missions deprived 
of their rightful appropriations by the 
United States government." It is an un- 
alterable principle of that sect that it 
must, wherever possible, rule the state. 
Hence everything relating to its secret or- 
ders should be of interest to patriotic 
Protestants, and the relation of the recent 
Foresters' convention at \\"orcester to 
American religious liberty is one of the 
chief features that give it importance. It 
began Sept. 6, as a council convention of 



October. 3904. 

Irish Xational Foresters. A resolution 
was presented which urged all the 
branches in the order to adopt the Gaelic 
tc~>ngue. an.d try to advance it. One nat- 
uralh- asks whether the purpose of this 
is to furnish the order a cipher and means 
of secret oral communication. It might 
be used like the ^lasonic cipher, with the 
additional advantage of spoken language. 
Eugene E. Sullivan, Thomas F. Carri- 
gan and Miss Elizabeth Flannagan. of 
Worcester, and ^lartin J. O'Brien, of 
Boston, were appointed a press commit- 
tee, directed to prepare a report of the 
convention for the newspapers. 

The Foresters' committee were "more 
than pleased with the treatment accorded 
them bv the newspapers of Worcester, 
and said that there would be no fear of 
the order suitering through any lack of 
support by these papers." 

The convention referred to the incom- 
ing council two specimen buttous of gold, 
from which to choose the one that will be 
emblematic of the orde^. 

A new ritual was introduced, and was 
referred to the new council for adoption. 
It would without doubt have been adopt- 
ed at this convention, but the one who 
proposed it did not have it quite finished. 
Wliile it was being read the delegates 
shewed their appreciation of it by fre- 
quent applause. 

The high chief ranger, James H. Mc- 
Glynn, of Central Falls, R. I., delivered 
an' address in the nature of a report of 
the general condition of the order, in the 
course of which he said : 

'T bring you nothing but good tidings 
of our order. The sun of prosperity has 
shone kindly upon us, and has been our 
constant companion. The movement in 
our order has been a steadily forward 
movement. Our membership during the 
last tvvTj years has more than doubled. 
Our finances have kept pace with our 
membership, "and show a corresponding 
increase, which fact alone thoroughly 
demonstrates the flourishing conditions 
of the Irish Xational Foresters in Amer- 

"•"Most of the branches have increased 
their membership, and at the same time 
their treasurers report a condition satis- 
factory. This is particularly true of the 
women's branches, and I must congratu- 
late them on their very marked success. 

We have accomplished much for our or- 
ganization, and still it is but a drop in 
the bucket to what can be accomplished 
in the United States in Irish National 

Notice the phrase, 'Trish national." 
The American nation is Protestant, and 
for some time has adopted the principle 
of separation of church and state. The 
Irish nation is Roman Catholic, and 
wotild have a Catholic in place of a Prot- 
estant state church if it could. The state 
church idea is ingrained. Where there is 
a state chtirch there is sure to be some 
lack of religious freedom, and often an 
exactly opposite condition. In the very 
cit}- in which the convention was held, 
and that very week, about half a thou- 
sand children were placed in Roman 
Catholic parochial schools instead of 
American public schools. In the light of 
this single fact, the following additional 
uterance taken from this address has in- 
tensified significance : 

"The additions to its ranks are con- 
stant and reliable, and notwithstanding 
the many organizations to which Irish- 
men and their descendants belong, our 
order is making rapid progress, and is 
grasping every opportunity to advance 
the Irish cause." 

The high secretary, John A. Rose, of 
Pawtucket, read his report, which showed 
that there were 150 branches ol the or- 
der in the council, which includes Massa- 
chusetts and Rhode Island. There are 
98 composed of men and 52 of wO'men. 
The total number of members in the 
council is 10,620, of which 8,100 are men 
and 2,520 women. 

The high treasurer, F^rank R. Carroll, 
reported that the receipts from Febru- 
ary, 1902, to Sept. I, 1904, were $31,250. 
The expenses were $18,781, which left 
a balance in the treasury of $12,469. 

The enlistment of so man}- Irish wom- 
en is a threatening feature of this move- 
ment. No possible question that this or- 
der will be at once intensely Romanist 
and vigorously political can ' be enter- 
tained. If what we say seems tO' any 
reader prejudiced and unwarranted, we 
ask him to turn to the two articles we 
have cited in the June number and read 
there what Romanist politicians them- 
selves are saving. 

October. m)-i. 



An eastern newspaper published lately 
an account of local trade unions, which 
were supposed to number at least halt a 
hundred orders in a population perhaps 
below 1 20.000. C. L. W. hall is in a 
building in which no person is allowed 
who is not a member of a labor union. 
Another hall is used by representatives 
of unions connected with building con- 
struction, and no others need apply. 
•Bartenders" union leases a hall getting a 
few organizations. There is also another 
building where labor men largely meet. 
Some unions do not send delegates to the 
C. L. W. and among these are carpen- 
ters' unions which are about the strong- 
est in the city. 

Some of the lodges do not hold regu- 
lar meetings but assemble on call ; gro- 
cery and proA'ision clerks have not latel}' 
l^een meeting ; clothing clerks cannot 
rallv a quorum ; cracker packers and bis- 
cuit workers raised well but fell, until 
now they are pretty flat ; icemen are cool, 
or, for some reason, meet infrequently. 

Sunday Meetings. 

Unions that meet regularly are at least 
the following: Barbers, journeymen 
horse shoers, electrical workers, typo- 
graphical, boot and shoe, st'eamfitters, 
steamfitters' helpers, lathers, team driv- 
ers, stonecutters, piano and organ work- 
ersv hackmen, laundry workers, printing- 
pressmen, patternmakers and cabinet 
makers, street railway employes, coal 
drivers and helpers. The last named 
lodge meets two Simdays in each month. 
There are also the hoisting engineers, 
ironmolders, core makers, dieworkers, 
painters and decorators, building laborers, 
iron bridge and structural iron, bottlers 
and drivers, stonemasons and city labor- 
ers. During the siunmer city laborers 
meet one Sunday of each month. 

Carriage and wagon makers, confec- 
tioners and bakers, cigarmakers, station- 
ary liremen (half the meetings Sunday), 
mattress makers, coopers, brewery work- 
ers, granite cutters, English-speaking- 
carpenters, French-speaking carpenters, 
bricklayers and plasterers, metal polish- 
ers, paper hangers, shop carpenters, ma- 
chinists and machinists' equality union, 
everv second and fourth Sunda\" in win- 

ter, and every second Sunday of the 
month. Bartenders' League. First and 
third Sundays, cooks and waiters ; sta- 
tionar}- engineers, the first Sunda\'. 

All week day meetings are in the even- 
ing ; cooks and waiters hold half their 
meetings Sunday evening, half Sunday 
afternoon. All other Sunday meetings 
are held Sundax' afternijon. 


Slavery, white or black, is bad for both 
master and slave, and has received, in this 
country and others of similar character, 
conclusive condemnation. Yet freedom 
is often restricted by some means, and 
the spirit and principles of slavery per- 
sist even where liberty is an acknowl- 
edged right. It is beyond question that 
multitudes of female and male slaves, too, 
are under bondage in this country to-day. 

It would, however, .be construed as a 
fig-ure of speech if others besides these 
should be called by that name, though 
their freedom is abridged. Some would 
regard a portion of the employed class 
as virtually the slaves of their employers, 
and would consider a strike as a servile 
insurrection. Many holding this view 
would probably be unable to see just as 
clearly that the employed are often the 
slaves of others similarly employed. 

Keeping up the figure or notion of 
slavery — the most, perhaps, that would be 
charged against employers would be in- 
adequate provision for needs and excess- 
ive demands of labor. The factory is ill- 
ventilated, the hours in it too long, the 
w^ages from which food and fuel must 
come too small. This corresponds to ex- 
cessively long hours in a hot field, with 
food and rest in a small and scantily pro- 
vided cabin. 

But that which corresponds to the whii) 
is the tyranny of another eniploye, or of 
a labor lx)ss answering to the field driver. 
The brutal lash belongs to the boycott. 
The epithet "scab" and the blow are to 
be credited, not to the plantation or plant 
owner, but to other representatives of 
tvranny ; the labor official and the walk- 
ing delegate, the boycotter and the picket. 

Whom does the striker hate worst ? A 
fellow laborer who chooses not to b; a 
fellow slave. Who drives free men into 



October; 1904. 

slavery? who hinders him from the priv- 
ileges of a freeman ? who abuses him like 
a Legree? It is not the representative of 
capital, but of the trade union. It is the 
union minion who lashes him into its pris- 
on and shackles him while behind oath- 
locked doors and bars. It is he who 
names him by an epithet ; starves him or 
freezes him, or others, at will ; or, after 
other foul and violent abuse, flogs or 
murders him. From such a tyrant, free- 
born American laborers should revolt, 
combining in one determined effort for 


Sept. 2 President Donnelly said : 

■'A meat famine will be forced at all 
costs. It is the best weapon with which 
to fight the trust packers, although it may 
not be welcomed by the independents." 

Famine used to be something dreaded 
by the common people, and, if possible, to 
be avoided, when coming in spite of those 
who suffered helplessly ; but now it is 
announced as to be forced. 

Donnelly's announcement was made at 
the conclusion of a meeting of the allied 
trades conference board. The executive 
board of the Retail Meat Dealers' Asso- 
ciation of Chicago had just been in con- 
ference with Mr. Donnelly and his associ- 
ates, having come to ask certain conces- 
sions for the independent packers and to 
seek authority to attempt to bring about 
a meeting between the packers and rep- 
resentatives of the strikers. Yet in spite 
of their effort, Donnelly declared a boy- 
cott against all meat and announced that 
union men would quit in all packing es- 

The following statement was given out 
by President Donnelly : ''The conference 
board, representing all organizations in- 
volved in the present packing house 
strike, has taken action to place all meats 
upon the unfair list. This order will be 
sent to every packing house in the coun- 
try, and no member of the Meat Cutters' 
and Butcher Workmen's Union will be al- 
lowed to dress any animal until the strike , 
is settled. The packers have resorted to 
extortion as the result of the strike, buy- 
ing live stock on the hoof for almost noth- 
ing, and charging almost any price for 

the dressed product. The public will 
now be given an opportunity to retaliate 
by refusing to eat meat until such time 
as they can procure the same at fair mar- 
ket price." 

When a besieged city endured forced 
famine, the organized forces outside the 
walls were recognized as belonging- to an 


This item of news was published Sept. 
2, and ends with a sentence which starts 
the question: Why should members of 
"our noble order," in the exercise of their 
natural duties, flee upon the approach of 
other citizens? 

"Edward Amies, a non-union butcher, 
was the victim of a savage attack by 
three striking union men at New York 
}-esterday, and is now in the hospital witb 
two deep wounds, inflicted with a butcher 
knife in his leg, and with his body cov- 
ered with bruises. While his wounds are 
serious, he ,will recover. His assailants 
escaped, but with the description-given by 
the victim the police expect to capture 
them. Armes was waiting for a car, 
when three men, with cries of "scab," 
leaped upon him, knocked him down, and 
one of them stabbed him with a large 
knife. Leaving him bleeding and almost 
senseless, they fled upon the approach of 
other citizens and disappeared." 


A manufacturer who has been perse- 
cuted six or seven years by a certain trade 
union says that, on the whole, his con- 
cern does not consider itself injured by 
the boycott. It does not value customers 
who allow themselves to be coerced. He 
says that the cause of the boycott is, that 
the concern would not submit to the un- 
just dictation O'f a certain union. Its em- 
ployes are content, and do not wish their 
labor restricted by the union system of 
production. The same help are with the 
concern as before ; there has been no 
strike or trouble ; but the union is de- 
termined to have the shop run in a dif- 
ferent way, against the wish of the own- 
ers and of the men who work for them". 
The effort to tyrannize has. however,, 
proved futile. 

October. 19^'M. 



In our September nttinber we called 
attention to '"Bishop Potter's holy gin- 
mill" and to his advocacy of secret so- 
cieties for boys. The following letter of 
Bishop Potter's is taken from the •"Amer- 
ican Tyler," a ^Masonic publication : 

Training Our Reinforcements. 

(From The American Tyler. Oct. 1. 1901. 

In response to a recent request for in- 
formation regarding his plan for training 
voung men for Masonry. Brother the 
Right Reverend Henry C. Potter, bishop 
of Xew York, writes us as follows: 

]\Iy Dear Sir and Brother : The an- 
swer to your question as to an order of 
IMasonic juniors depends, really, upon an- 
other question: ""How far do ^Masons 
themselves propose to take Masonry seri- 
ously?" In one sense, as a mutual bene- 
fit association, I suppose all of them do. 
But if ^lasonry was no more than that, 
there are other and more modern orders 
that can do that work nearly, if not quite. 
so well. 

^Masonry, how-ever, is, in my view of it, 
a great deal more than a mutual benefit 
association. In one sense, wild and ex- 
travagant as the words may sound, it is 
the most remarkable and altogether uni- 
que institution on earth. Will you tell 
me of any other that girdles the world 
with its fellowship and gathers all races 
and the most ancient religions, as well 
as our own, into its brotherhood? Will 
you tell me of an}- other that is as old 
or older ; more brilliant in its history ; 
more honored in its constituency ; more 
picturesque in its traditions? To-day it 
lies in the hand of the modern man. large- 
ly an unused tool, capable of great 
achievements for God, for country, for 
mankind, but doing very little. For one. 
I believe that circumstances may easily 
arise, when, the highest and most sacred 
of all freedoms being threatened in this 
land, Masonry may be its most powerful 
defender, unifying all minds and com- 
manding our best citizenship. 

Under such circumstances, fellowship 
in it should be reg'arded, more and more, 
as a sacred privilege, for which our best 
youth should be trained, and to which 
they should be advanced step by step, 
through preparatory forms and degrees. 

These need invade, in no wise, the inner 
sanctity of Masonry. They could easily 
be adapted from ancient customs of 
knighthood and chivalry, analogous to 
those of Masonry, but quite distinct from 
it : and progress in them could be con- 
tinued upon intelligence, character, high 
purpose — the things, in one word, that 
make our best manhood. 

This is, briefly, what I had in mind. 
I have articulated no detailed mechanism ; 
and have neither prepared, nor indeed 
contemplated, any -special scheme. In an 
address at Concord, X. H., not long ago,. 
I made some reference to the value of 
such a plan, and that was all. If it were 
to find any sympathy in the minds of 
others, I must, pressed as I am by many 
burdens, leave it to them to mature. But 
one thing is certain. Great orders, like 
great armies, must bethink themselves of 
the training of their reinforcements. I 
am, dear sir, fraternally yours. 

H. C. Potter. 

The ]^Iasonic Tyler for Tune savs : 
"■\\'e are not a benefit society : there are 
no endowment policies in ]^Iasonry." 

If not a benefit society, what is it? 
Certainly a hindrance society, to mar and 
injure human character. 

It further says : '"^Masonry at the bot- 
tom is immutable as truth itself, and must 
remain so." 

It is therefore incapable of being re- 
formed or improved, and. having been 
bad once, it will be bad forever. 


The Royal Arcanum Journal of 
Worcester, ]\Iass., says in its August 
number : 

"Tf any further proof of the physical, 
moral, and able standing of the membership 
of the order is required, it is to be had in 
the recognized fact that in many localities 
of our country membership in the Royal Ar- 
canum is an indorsement which is requisite 
for those who would hold public office." 

Xow, what is the real interpretation of 
this ""recognized fact," and by whom is 
the fact recognized? How many of otir 
readers, and of their voting acquaint- 
ances, have been known to pay any at- 
tention either wav to the Roval Arcanum 



October, 1904. 

when voting'? How often does an ordi- 
nary voter know whether a candidate be- 
long's to it or not ? Yet the Journal calls 
it a "recog-nized fact," and we cannot but 
suspect that it is within the membership 
that it gets recognition. The "many lo- 
calities" would therefore seem to be lo- 
calities where the cabal itself is strong 
enoug'h. and politically active enough, to 
conspire to elect its own candidates. Will 
it do any log-rolling with the Knig-hts of 
Columbus ? 



"Henrr S. Lee Lodge, Knights of Pythias, 
will entertain its friends this evening at its 
council hall. 90 Eastern avenue. Music, 
cards, dancing and refreshments are to be 
included in the fare. The lodge holds one 
of these 'open meetings" on the fourth 
Wednesday of each month — and the occa- 
sions have become popular among the 
friends of the members." 

The above is from the Spring"field Re- 
publican of Aug. 31, and it seems a 
strange inconsistency when a paper 
which, more than almost any other of the 
really leading newspapers of the country, 
stands for those principles which are dis- 
tinctively American, gives so much space 
in so frequent issues to anti-American in- 
stitutions. What we quote here is a trifle, 
compared with some of its more extended 
notices of secret orders. Its course may 
promote certain interests of the office, but 
we cannot believe that it promotes the 
welfare of its readers, or the success of 
those national principles for which the 
Republican pre-eminently stands. Besides, 
the Republican is one of the last papers 
one would expect to find opening its read- 
ing columns to assessment life insur- 
ance ; it vv^ould rather be expected, on the 
contrarv. to close its advertisins: columns. 

The question whether to join, does not 
turn on the other question of financial 
aid. Granted that the lodge does pro- 
vide a kind of health insurance or old 
age pension, there is still the question of 
possibly paying too dear for the whistle. 
It is better to die neglected by men, than 
to live neglecting Christ. Self-denial is 
iDetter than denying Jesus. It is better ^o 
trust the Lord than to trust his enemies. 

In old times the negro was helpless 
when struck ; now he can strike back. Let 
us hope he will not be burned alive, as 
when he imitates the "usual crime" of 
white masters against black women ; a 
crime which he inherits through being its 

Sept. I a strike of the negro teamsters 
who haul cotton had gone into effect at 
New Orleans, La. Not a bale of cotton 
was moved in the city, and the efforts to 
bring about a compromise of the dif- 
ferences between the draymen and the 
teamsters had failed. The teamsters pre- 
sented a new schedule for 1904-1905 in 
August, coupling it with conditions ob- 
jectionable to the draymen. The team- 
sters declared they would not handle the 
team of any drayman who did not submit 
to the schedule. 


A Western publisher had a strike in 
1900, which was not called because he was 
dishonorable in his dealings with his men, 
but because he was not dishonorable to- 
ward other men. The house leased to 
tenants in the building the use of its lino- 
type machines during the day, its own 
business requiring them only in the night. 
The Typographical Union notified the 
firm that their men would not be allowed 
to work at machines used at any time by 
non-union men. The tenant must then, 
it appeared, be compelled by them to em- 
ploy union labor only, a course of action 
with which the firm would have nothing 
to do. Their own men, being members 
of the union, left work. Since then non- 
union men have had their places, and 
peace and quiet have pervaded the com- 
posing room. By the terms of the lease, 
the firm was bound to furnish iinotype 
machines to its tenants, and those terms 
it " honorablv fulfilled. 

The truth is that in Colorado the unions 
went too far. They defied tHe law and 
proceeded to run the community with 
shotgun, dynamite and the torch. And 
they met * the fate in Colorado which, 
under like conditions, they will find, 
thank God, awaiting them in every State 
in the L^nion. 


October. 19<J4. 




The Baltimore Sun says : 

"At a meeting of delegates of the l)rotlier- 
iiood of locomotive engineers on tlie 28tli of 
this month the stand was taken that non- 
union men liave a right to work and to work 
with nnion men, provided they get mi ion 
wages, 'Our forefathers.' said a leading man 
of the V)rotherliood, 'gave us all e(iual rights. 
AVe have no right to decide that we will not 
Avork with non-union men. The brotherhood 
of locomotive engineers, or its members as 
n body, never said that they should work 
with none l>ut members of the l)rotherhood. 
We hold that a non-union man has as good a 
right to work as a union man if he gets the 
same wages." As the brotherhood of loco- 
motive engineers is one of the most intelli- 
gent and influential unions in the country, 
its declaration cannot but have weight with 
those who think a non-union worker has no 
right to suit) tort himself and family." 

This approxiiiiates American princi- 
ples, though the clause, "providec^l they 
get union wages," betrays, after all, a 
principle which is foreign and opposed 
to libert}". If one trade union can take 
this more honorable stand — which is said 
to be consistent with its actttal record — 
it is for every other to show just cause 
for departing from its side. In the union 
race the locomotive is ahead. 


A lodge is dangerous to something al- 
most invariably, but its peculiar tendencv 
to evil accords with that of the class to 
which it belongs. 

The Jesuit order leads those affecting- 
religious and moral ideas and tenden- 
cies. To its class belongs Freemasonry 
with its imitators like Odd Fellowship 
and the Knights of Pythias order. 

Some are political like the Knight of 
the Golden Circle, the Know Nothings or 
the Union League : while several whose 
members would sometimes declaim 
against the idea of political coloring, are 
actually found efficient in politics. 
Among those practically political .while 
not so in name or profession, are Odd 
Fellowship and the Grand Army. 

Temperance orders profess a moral 
aim, with an outcome largelv social, if 
not matrimonial. Thev dishonor a noble 

cause, and this result is well recognized 
w^ithout reference to their slight secrecy. 

Weak insurance is the foundation of 
some orders, while insurance societies 
are also accredited to such as Masonry 
and Odd Fellowship, because only Odd 
Fellows or Masons are qualified to join. 
Such insurance is almost always unsat- 
isfactory and usuall}' encoimters diffi- 
culty somewhere in its career, and, not 
tmcommonly, actual disaster. 

The lodges may be classified as dan- 
gerous, respectively, to religion or mor- 
als, to good government and to proper t\-'. 
Most of them affect unfavorably the per- 
sonal value of some members. Hardly 
any fail to bring members into company 
that is not really good, not to say into 
association wdth people who are really 
bad. Masonry, which, outside Roman 
Catholic circles, accounts itself leader, 
contains elements notoriousl}- profligate 
and profane. 

Some of the lodges are openly, others 
covertly, meddlesome in government, 
either through local or general politics, 
or, again, throtigh executive or legal 

Financial waste, loss and disappoint- 
ment through lodges is frightftil, dishon- 
or to religion and morals deplorable. 
Outside these classes it is hard to find any 
and all can be reduced together to one 
great, comprehensive class fulfilling in 
darkness its mission of harm. 


Charles \\\ Kaufmann. of Hoboken, 
who holds the exalted office of Grand 
Esteemed Lecturing Knig'ht of the Elks. 
called a man "a hog" on Wednesday 
night for jostling- him while he was cross- 
ing the Barcla>- street ferry on the ferry- 
boat Bremen. Ames Rankin, superintend- 
ent of the American Lead Company, who 
did the jostling, resented the imputation 
that he wasn't a gentleman and. accord- 
ing- to Kaufmann, threatened to knock 
him down if he repeated the assertion. 

Kaufmann asked him what he was go- 
ing to do about it. when the boat reached 
Hoboken. Rankin wasn't disposed to do 
anxthing imless Kaufman called him 
more names, and the Grand Knight again 
accused him of being a porker. Rankin 



October. 1904. 

promptly punched Kaufmann in the left 
eye, and a cop arrested Rankin. 

\M-ien the case came up in the Record- 
er's Court to-day Rankin apologized, and 
the complaint was dismissed. 


"This is a great joining town," said 
a Lowell man, and the remark seems to 
get new verification — unless Worcester 
has peculiar conditions — when the organ 
of one insurance order, and one of the 
most successful of its kind, shows that, 
while less than one per cent of Worcester 
voters are members, Low^ell can report 
more than 12 per cent. Worcester Coun- 
ty figures report less than three and one- 
half per cent of the voters in places 
where the order has lodges. 

Does the fact that the white marble 
building of one of the best insurance com- 
panies in the country is the most promi- 
nent business building in the city, and the 
most frequented for business errands 
with lawyers and others, tend to preserve 
sanity on the subject of insurance in its 

False Doctrines and Ideas Exposed. By 
P3. E. Shelhamer, author and publisher 
of clean cut salvation literature ; 96 pages. 
Pnijce 10 cents, postpaid. Address The 
Repairer office, loi Marietta street, At- 
lanta, Ga. 


Up in the morning- and work all day, 
Just for the grub of to-morroAV to pay; 
Work to-morrow for meat to carve — 
Got to keep working or else I'll starve; 
Work next day for a chance to sup — 
Just earn money to eat it up! 
Next day after it's root or die — 
Habit of eating comes mighty high. 

Xext week, too, it is just the same — 
Never can beat the eating game. 
Working on Monday for Tuesday's bread; 
Working on Tuesday to keep me fed; 
Thursday, Friday, Saturday, too. 
Same old game, and it's never new. 
Don't want to kick or to make a fuss, 
But blowed if it isn't monotonous! 
— A. .7. Waterhouse in Sunset Magazine for Sep- 

ieni0 of ®ur Poti 


W. B. Stoddard Visits Illinois and Indiana.- 

Indianapolis, Ind., Sept. 20, 1904. 
Dear Cynosure : Another month crowd- 
ed with labor has passed. The camp 
meeting in Kreider's Grove, near Cleona, 
Pa., proved to be, as expected, a season 
of blessing. Many of the great truths 
of the gospel came to- receptive ears. 
Owing to the necessary division in lan- 
guage I could not speak as much as I 
might otherwise. I was told that the 
elder's sermon, delivered in German, 
contained a condemnation of the lodge, 
and I was, of course, glad to endorse it 
in English. 

At Lancaster, Pa., in the large Ger- 
man Baptist Church, I had two very 
helpful meetings. The attendance ex- 
ceeded the expectation of some of the 
leaders. The elder, pastor, and friends 
too many to mention, showed me favor 
and helped make the meetings the grand 
success that they were. The audience- 
was by no means united in my favon. 
Some felt tt necessary to leave before I 
concluded, but waited at the dobv until I 
came out. The man who took the lead 
in questioning came toward me and in a 
tone not very pleasant said, ''Who^ incurs 
your expenses?" He gave nO' contribu- 
tion to the work, but read from the con- 
stitution of his lodge. The man must 
be a freeborn white male, over 18 years 
of age, and believe in a Supreme Being 
in O'rder to join. This, to his mind, seem- 
ed to be a great recommendation. Of 
course all the intelligent listeners pitied' 
his ignorance. A goodly number sub- 
scribed for the Cynosure. Some desired 
more lectures. 

The meeting at ElizabethtO'wn A\as as 
pleasant as any. The message given in 
the Brethren. Church was well received. 
I am invited to address the students at 
the College as soon as convenient. 

My stay in Pennsylvania and at hom.e 
was cut short by the need in the AVest.. 
Twenty-two hours from Washington 
found me in Chicago. The marriage of a 
cousin, the loving expressions of rela- 
tives, were, happy incidents on the vvay.. 

Octoljer. 1904. 



I was introduced to the Illinois con- 
ference of our Free Methodist friends, 
meeting in Evanston, 111., and given what 
time I asked to present the N. C. A. 
Avork. The response in subscriptions and 
general expressions was glad and gen- 
erous. I rejoice to feel that I am shoulder 
to shoulder with these friends in life's 
great battles. 

A Sabbath at Batavia, 111., gave op- 
portunity foT the sowing of some seed. 
Addresses were given in the Congrega- 
tional and German Baptist Brethren 
Churches and Cynosure subscriptions 

The express train soon brought me far 
on toward the Mississippi. Kewanee, 111., 
Avas selected as the place for the confer- 
ence of pastors of the Swedish Mission 
Church. As the leaders had previously 
met strang-ers who did not turn out to 
be what they professed, they looked 
rather sharply at me, but concluded they 
would risk hearing what I might say. 
I spoke for fifteen minutes longer than 
the hour promised. Cynosure subscrip- 
tions and many invitations to lecture in 
churches were the result. 

As m}' father's father w^as a member 
■of Friends meeting, I naturally found 
myself quite at home among Friends at 
AVestern Yearly Meeting at Plainfield, 
Indiana. Had he not married a Free- 
will Baptist girl, I might have been in- 
cluded in the Quaker flock. I found the 
leaders here friendly indeed. My enter- 
tainment was kindly provided and an 
hour given before the ministers and eld- 
ers to speak of N. C. A. work. The 
vote of thanks extended at the close was 
not quite unanimous. Of the large audi- 
ence it was thought only about forty kept 
their seats when the others arose. As 
these get more of the Christ life we shall 
hope they will see as some of the rest 
of us do now. One friend remarked that 
he was a ''Modern AA'oodman." He did 
not sa}- he was a wooden man, and so I 
will . not. I noted that he was much 
more anxious to tell me of the wealth 
of certain of the Friends than of their 
spiritual condition. Two fathers said 
their sons had united with ''Red Men." 
I thought it must be humiliating to 
parents, thinking they were to raise white 
men to have them turn out "Red Men" 
with all the attendant war whoops and 

folly. A dove would doubtless be sur- 
prised to find a black bird hatched in its 

The six pounds of tracts which I had 
for these friends melted as* the snow 
flakes in the river. Many said, "We need 
lectures ;" "We need information in our 
town, can't you come and help us?" 
Thirty-four new names were enrolled as 
subscribers to the Cynosure. When I 
think how^ the Social Purity, the Temper- 
ance, the Peace and many other questions 
were pressing for a voice before this 
meeting I have reason to rejoice that the 
N. C. A. was given such a hearing. There 
are 15,000 Friends in the bounds of this 
yearly meeting. 

I am told -that the Indiana Yearlv 
Meeting, gathering at Richmond. Ind^ 
Sept. 28th, has 20,000 souls in its care. 
The program committee promise to tr>- to 
get me a hearing if I can get there. Ohio 
now^ needs work. Iowa is calling for 
help. Oh, so much to be done and so few 
to do! Shall we not "pray the Lord of 
the harvest that He w^ill send forth la- 
borers into his harvest" ? 

Poor Lotta. 

"Lotta wants to see you at the Carni- 
val." A card with these words is dis- 
played in the windows of stores, hotels, 
saloons, etc., on this the 20th of Septem- 
ber, 1904, in the city of Richmond, Ind. 
As I came from the train to the business 
part of the city yesterday I saw young 
w^omen with paint on their faces and a 
handkerchief in hand. THey evidently 
were seeking to attract the notice of those 
coming from the train. AA'hether one of 
these was "Lotta" and she was afraid I 
would not see her "at the Carnival" un- 
less she made herself conspicuous I can- 
not say, as I did not stop to ask any 

To-day strange-looking flags are seen 
all along the telegraph poles in the prin- 
cipal business parts. These flags are t'l 
call attention to the secret order of Druids 
and to let the people of Richmond know 
that they are holding high carnival in 
their midst with "Lotta" as "the drawing 
card" as it is sometimes termed. Poor 
Lotta, probablv one of many who are 
going to the carnival and finding the 
secret of the Dnn'ds. I am told that Mrs. 
Charlton Edholni, whose business is to 



Oetolter. 1904. 

help in the rescue of fahen women, is 
to be here next week. Should she fol- 
low the carnivals of the Knig'hts Tem- 
plars and of the various lodg"es fostering 
men's appetites and passions, she might 
rescue some, but. oh, that we might de- 
stroy the serpent that is stinging- to death 
manv oi our choicest young men and 
women ! 

\V. B. Stoddard. 



One of the leading W. C. T. U. work- 
ers of Kansas, ordered seven copies of 
"]vIodern Secret Societies" and, acknowl- 
edging their receipt, whites: 'T have 
loaned most of them in our W. C. T. U., 
as that seemed the most hopeful starting- 
point. I will keep them moving, as fast 
as they are read, praying that God may 
send home the truth to Christian hearts." 

S. E. W. 


Dermott, Ark., Aug. 30, 190.4. 
National Christian Association : 

Dear Co-w^orkers in Christ — The tracts 
I bought of you in the winter are doing- 
good. One preacher has come out from 
the lodge and is now standing for Christ. 
The Baptist w^omen had a meeting at 
Baxter, Ark., at which I distributed about 
300 anti-secrecy tracts. Some grew angry, 
but others praised God for the light given 
them by the little tracts. 

I sent a few in a letter toi one of the 
leading preachers, and when he saw ,me 
he said that the tracts were all right, but 
that he could not afford to distribute 
them : that it would throw him in an 
awkward attitude. But since then God 
has hred up his soul, and he came a few 
days ago and said that he realized that 
the lodge was sapping the life out of the 
church and he was willing to distribute 
tracts. He wished a handful of "Why I 
Left the Rebekah Lodge." Thank God 
for your association and the great work 
that you are doing. Yours in Christ's 
service, Mrs. S. E. B. 

How 1 Carry on the Anti-Secrecy Campaign. 

At the request of Bro. Phillips I give 
the readers a little account of my doings 
this summer. 

I left my wife and baby the 15th of 
Ma}- and returned the 4th of September, 
I held meetings in Oklahoma, Texas and 
Arkansas. I visited Austin and Galves- 
ton and returned by way of St. Louis. 
I held many successful meetings and 
taught many people the danger of secret 

I have long since learned that it is 
not wise to speak too strong in meetings 
against secret orders. The people are 
very sensitive in regard to these things 
and are very prejudiced, and will not 
stand the fire if it is too hot. And you 
have got to get the confidence of people 
before you can get their presence, and 
you have got to get their presence before 
you can teach them. 

I was holding a meeting at a Kansas 
town once, and had been coming down 
with both fists on the secret orders, when 
the lodgeites became very angry and chal- 
lenged my knowledge of the orders. They 
denied repeatedl}' that I knew anything 
about the lodges. Well, I to-ld 'them I 
could "show them." So. I announced that 
on a certain night I would lecture on the 
secret order question, and would give 
my reasons for not belonging tO' them, 
and would also give the initiatory cere- 
monies into the Woodmen, Odd Fellow 
and Masonic lodges. This announcement 
excited great interest. The lodgeites sent 
to Kansas City for a man to reply to my 
speech, and he replied that the best thing 
they could do was to let me alone. But 
on the appointed night the turno'ut was 
immense. As I went down to the hall,, 
the city marshal, beckoned me across the 
street and took me into a hardware store 
and secured a revolver and loaded it and 
handed it to me, with the in j miction : 
"Put that under your vest." I remon- 
strated, but he said : "You are worth 
twenty of them fellows, and they are 
making great threats ; you will not need 
to hurt anybody, but you ma}' need to 
protect your bod}- : }'Ou have" been in the 
West enough to know how to handle this 
(the revolver), and if thev make a break 

October, 19(J4. 



}ou can scare them away and not hurt 

''Well, I consented to his request, and, 
thus armed, I went to my task. I had an 
audience of 800, and spoke for two hours 
and fifteen minutes. The audience w^as 
spellbound, and no demonstrations were 
made until I w^as getting- into the depths 
and mysteries of Masonry. Tlien one 
bunch of Masons went o\^er to the other 
aisle and tried to persuade some others to 
assist them in taking me out, but they 
refused, so they returned to their seats. 
I succeeded in getting two o-r three to 
quit the lodges, but the majority became 
so very angry that they have never re- 
turned to that hall since when I speak 
there. It did not work to suit me, so I 
adopted different tactics. 

When I go to a place to^ hold a meet- 
ing, I pick out those I want tO' work on 
and I make special friendship with them. 
Then, later 011, I give them the grip or 
sign, and thus give them to understand' 
that I know something of the secrets of 
the order; of course they think I am a 
member of the lodge, and become very 
friendly towards me. Then when I com- 
mence to oppose the orders the}' know 
that I know whereof I speak. This takes 
the conceit o^ut of them. A man is nat- 
urally very proud to think that he knows 
something that no one else but he and his 
kind know" anything about, and when 
he finds that others that have never be- 
longed know as much as he does it takes 
the conceit out of him; and makes him 
ashamed of himself. I then hand him. 
one of my anti-secrecy tracts, and he gets 
off by himself and reads it, and that is the 
last of him as a lodgeite. 

I was preaching at a place this sum- 
mer, and at the close of the discourse 
a man came up and shook hands, and 
gave me the Masonic grip, but I w^as busy 
packing up my books, and did not rec- 
ognize it till it was too late to answer 
it. Then he said : "Do you ever get 
after the Masons?" I said: "Oh, a tit- 
tle, " and reached back my hand and gave 
him the grip, and then we both passed 
a few more signs, and he was convinced 
that- 1 was a Masonic brother, and said : 
"Well, something just told me while 
you were preaching that you was a Ma- 
son." I said : 'T am- not a Mason." 
"Yes, you are," he replied. "No," said I, 

"I beg your pardon, but 1 am not." 
'Well," said he, "how do you know so 
much about it, then ?" I got out of it the 
best way I could, and handed him one 
of my tracts and left it withjiim. He 
became disgusted to think I knew some- 
thing that he did, without belonging to 
the institution, and he quit it. 

I walked into a brother's store once 
and we exchanged grips, and I left with- 
out telling' him the difference between us. 
Two nights after that his daughter stayed 
at home from meeting to be initiated into 
the Rebekahs. I learned afterwards that 
her father used me as an example and 
thus encouraged her to join the lodge. So 
my course w^as seemingly a detriment to 
the end I was working for that time, but 
when I turned "on them, they looked as 
if they had had a joke played on them, 
and so expressed themselves, and I told 
them they surely had. I had their confi- 
dence, and was not long in convincing 
them of their error. 

I frequently hold a meeting at a place 
and pass myself as a member of the 
lodges with those' who belong, and then 
the day I leave hand them tracts request- 
ing them to read them and then write 
me what they think. These letters would 
be interesting, but I will not ask for any 
space for any of them now. But the 
effects are invariably good. 

One place where I had circulated some 
tracts, the Masons got hold of one and 
took it to their lodge meeting and passed 
resolutions, and so forth, and then an- 
. nounced to the public that they had 
bought the rig-ht to the tract and were 
going to destroy it. 

The main thing is to get the confidence 
and friendship of the people.' and tlie 
best way to do it is to be a Christian gen- 
tleman in every respect. 

Thanking the readers of the Cynosure 
for this little hearing, and hoping that 
truth will triumph over error. I am yours, 
O. M. Thomason. Evangelist. 

Goldthwaite, Tex. 

There is one way of saving die \oung 
men that we can always relv on, and that 
is to save the bovs. 

^Nlany a noble manhood has been 
wrecked in the maelstrom of youth. ful fol- 
Iv and indiscretion. 



October. 1904. 



On the 1 8th of August, from the Penn- 
sylvania Hospital in Philadelphia, there 
passed from earth one whose life of de- 
votion has counted in the upbuilding of 
Christ's kingdom. Rev. John T. Mi- 
chael was ordained to the gospel ministry 
in the ]\I. E. church, but later united with 
the Free ]\Iethodist church. He repre- 
sented this body as pastor and district 

For. several years he represented the 
National Christian Association as an hon- 
ored lecturer in opposition to the lodge 
system. ?^Ianv were led into the light 
through his presentation of the truth. 
His latest contribution to our work will 
be found in the June number oi the Cyno- 
sure, entitled "Two Little Pieces of 
Poetry." We indorse the following state- 
ments' made by Rev. George Eakins in 
the Free ^lethodist of Sept. 7 : "He was 
no ordinary man. Physically he was not 
an imposing figure ; yet the close and dis- 
criminating observer could not fail to 
discover in his face evidences of thought- 
fulness and unusual intelligence." Again : 
*'On great occasions, as at our camp 
meetings and other great gatherings, the 
multitudes would hang breathlessly on his 
lips." He departed in peace to be with 
the Jesus he loved and preached. 


■ In the recent death of Elder Andrew 
Alexander, of New York, the church and 
many reforms have lost a staunch sup- 
porter and able helper. 

God gave to him largely in intellect and 
means. He rejoiced in the privilege of 
giving. There was not a plan of his 
church (the Reformed Presbyterian) but 
received his support. It was stated at 
his funeral that he paid one-twentieth of 
the entire sum asked for by the synod of 
all the congregations in the denomination. 
His special delight was in aiding missions 
and struggling congregations. For years 
he has contributed annually to aid in fur- 
nishing the Cynosure for Y. M. C. A. 
reading rooms. Though crowded with 
the cares of an immense business, he al- 

ways found time for a brief visit with 
the representative of our association, and 
gladly expressed his approval by word 
and deed. Few men will be more missed 
than Andrew Alexander. 


Edward J. Chalfant, of York, Pa., was 
a humble Christian and an earnest re- 
former. He was a birthright member of 
the Friends' church. He advocated peace 
while battling for the truth. For more than 
twenty years he subscribed for the Cyno- 
sure and persuaded some of his neigh- 
bors to help the cause. Several were led 
to a better understanding of the truth 
through his efforts. He was in his seven- 
tieth year when called suddenly to the life 

%tctim' Ie0ttm0ttte0» 



"Know ye not, that to whom ye yield 
yourselves servants to obey, his servants 
ye are to whom ye' obey?" Rom. 6, 16. 

Unionism is a ' proposed rehiedy of 
Satan to cure the evils of the present 
industrial system. It has no scripture 
in its favor, does not recognize God as 
its head, tramples on religion, is in the 
world and of the world and for the world. 
As Satan is the "God of the world," then 
he is the leader of the secret union. The 
Devil is also its Father and Freemasonry 
is its mother. It seeks to lay up treas- 
ures upon the earth, and pretends to bet- 
ter men's condition in this life. 

All the unions of the different trades 
and occupationis are alike in nature. A 
union man is recognized by all of them, 
regardless of the labor he may be doing, 
or the organized movement to which he 
belongs. They all co^-operate with each 
other. The committees from ' the 
Farmers' Co-operative Union, are 
given seats in the lodges during the se- 
cret business meetings or any other union, 
such as: "The United Mine Workers of 
America," "The Garment Workers," 
"The Bar Tenders Union," "The Fire- 
men's Union," "The Engineers' Union." 


October, 1904. 



The unions are one great combined secret 
society. They are brothers and sisters, 
the children of one parentage, and of the 
family of the Secret Empire. 

It is truthfully stated that the same 
spirit rules them all. They are separat- 
ed in name only. The pass words of the 
different unions are dift'erent, but a union 
man will be admitted, and can hear the 
proceedings of an entire meeting if sent 
from any other organization. The pres- 
ent pass words of the Farmers' Educa- 
tional and Co-operative Union of Amer- 
ica, are as follows, given June 6, 1904, by 
the Grand Secretary of the State of Ar- 
kansas, at the door: "Educate"; in the 
room, ''Co-operate." Admittance is gain- 
ed by wrapping four times on the door 
with the knuckle the two middle raps to 
be quick, and the first and last to be 
rather slow. 

I labored in the coal mines at Bonanza, 
Arkansas, for the Central Coal and Coke 
Company a few months during the years 
1 902- 1 903. During that time I became 
a member of the United Mine Workers 
of America. I was a coal miner at the 
time, and joined the union because 
pressed to do so. I was assured by the 
members that it was not a secret society 
but z business organization. 

I had been led into the light that secret 
societies were of the Devil at my con- 
version in the year 1902. At that time, 
I was a member of the "Coming Men of 
America," in good standing, and was a 
member of the Grand Lodge at Oak Park, 
Illinois, and my photograph appeared in 
"The Star," the official organ of the 
order, in the year 1897, among the twelve 
bright and active members of the United 
States. My dues were paid in advance 
to Jan. 1st, 1903. But when I was con- 
verted to God in 1902, I gave up the 
lodge, right then and there. I never paid 
another cent of dues, nor read another 
copy of the organ of the order. I did 
not know then that Bible teaching was 
against organized secrecy, but from the 
moment of my conversion I lost all inter- 
est in the lodge. I considered it Useless, 
worthless, and a humbug, and gave it up 
along with my other sins. 

Notwithstanding this I was persuaded 
that the United Mine Workers of Amer- 
ica was a business organization, and not 
a secret society. I wanted to dig coal 

a few months, as it was a paying occu- 
pation, and I had some demands to meet 
and some debts to pay and I had no other 
way to pay them except b}' labor, so I 
decided to unite with them, promising 
myself and God, that I would* not stay 
in the union under any consideration, 
unless God was in it. Ah, how quickly 
did I find out that I had bound myself 
under a galling yoke so inconsistent with 
the liberty which Christ gives. There 
were several hundred miners belonging to 
local union No. 1199, and I soon became 
well known to all of them, and the local 
was proud of me. I was elected "Pit 
Committee" at once, and would have been 
elected to a higher office had I permitted 
it. I refused to serve. I initiated several 
members into the order, appointed by the 
president to do so. The union says it 
is not a secret society, but it is in every 
respect. The oath is secret, the business 
of the meetings are secret, and there is 
not a thing done inside the lodge room 
but what is as dark and mysterious, to 
the outside world, as is the movement of 

The meetings of the United ^Imt 
Workers on the inside- are intended to be 
businesslike, but they are carried on in 
a way that would not be best for the 
coal operators to know. They seek to 
undermine and force their employers to 
do their biddings. They are very cau- 
tious about what they do, and always 
strike at the weakest point and watch for 
the best chance to get the drop on their 
employer. People ask the question, why 
do they not hold open meetings to trans- 
act their business? They could not well 
afford to under their present system. 
They choose darkness rather than light, 
because their deeds are evil. It is natural 
for men to want their good deeds to be 
known, but they will seek the secret 
chamiber and cover of darkness to do 
mischief. Why men should congregate 
themselves under cover of darkness in 
this age when "knowledge has increased" 
is mysterious to people who do not be- 
long to these societies. But the answer 
is well known to men of these societies. 
They have mischief in view which thev 
dare not let the public know, more espe- 
cially their employers. 

Let us notice" the condition and char- 
acter of the lodee room of Local No. 



October. 1904. 

1 199, United Aline Workers of America. 
As they do in this lodge, so they practi- 
cally do in all other lodges of the same 
order. The lodge is called to order by 
the president, when enough have assem- 
bled to constitute a quorum. There must 
be present at least five. A president, a 
vice president, a secretary, treasurer and 
a financial secretary, a door keeper, and 
one to keep order. The president de- 
clares after loud rapping with hammer : 
''Local Union, Xo. 1199,, United ]\Iine 
AA'orkers of America, is now open to 
transact all business to be brought before 
the house on this occasion. (Raps one 
time with hammer.) The officers all take 
their places as follows : The president, 
with hammer, at the far end of the hall, 
vice president at other end of hall, op- 
posite president, and near the door : the 
rrecording secretary, the financial secre- 
tar}-, and the treasurer at desk near the 
president : the sentinel at the door, just 
inside the room. The other officers have 
no certain places, except certain commit- 
tees who sometimes occupy a desk or a 
private room foir consultation. The other 
officers are namely : Pit committee, sick 
committee, financial and correspondence 
committees. Anyone wishing admittance 
to the lodge room must knock on the 
door. The sentinel places his ear to a 
crack or hole in the door, which is kept 
closed luitil someone knocks, the one 
^vantinof admission will speak the pass 
word. If he speaks the pass word correct- 
ly the sentinel will open the door and let 
him in. Each one coming in repeats the 
pass word. The pass word is always 
spoken in a whisper. The pass word was 
''West A'irginia," when I left the lodge in 
July, 1903. I have a transfer car^l, signed 
by the officers, of Local L^nion, No. 1199, 
L'nited ]\line Workers of America, at 
Bonanza. Ark. I left the order in good 

After all the officers have taken their 
places, the usual program for a regtdar 
meeting is taken up as follows: i. Roll 
call of officers. 2. Reading of minutes of 
last meeting by recording secretary. 3. 
L'nfinished business taken up. 4. Read- 
ing of correspondence under head of new 
business. 5. Action taken on correspond- 
ence. 6. Committees, (a) sick committee, 
(b) pit committee, (c) executive com- 
mittee, (d) grievance committee, (e) 

extra committees. The initiation of new 
members is brought up near the beinning 
of the meeting. If accepted, they will 
take the oath together. If onh- one is 
to be initiateil he takes the oath alone. 
If there are candidates to be admitted for 
initiation they must remain 011 the out- 
side until ordered in by the president. 
The}' take the oath or obligation with up- 
lifted band. They swear to give the lodge 
their unqualified allegiance and protec- 
tion, and promise to go on a strike or quit 
work when so ordered by the union, to 
work for the price set by the unioai and 
for no other, that they will quit work 
before they will work for any less. The}- 
promise not to take a brother's job in 
his absence or sickness. But they may 
take, and are often instructed to take a 
miner's job, if he does not belong to the 
union. A unio^n man m^ay take a "scab's" 
job when he pleases. It is a pant of the 
union's plan to wage a bitter warfare 
against "scabs." 

They swear to take care of brother 
miners in case of sickness, or the sickness 
of their families. But this does not mean 
"scabs." Scabs are not brother miners. 
A cur dog is treated with more respect 
than a "scab" by some uniou miners. 

They promise to keep secret and in- 
violate all the pass words, business, and 
everything done inside the lodge room 
while the meeting is called in order. 

They promise not to wrong a brother 
wcrkman nor see him wironged if in their 
power to prevent it. But "scabs" are 
not included in this promise. Miners 
who do not belong to the union are often 
insulted, persecuted and treated very bad 
by uniou men. They have been driven 
from their jobs and compelled to move 
away with their families, because they 
wo'uld not join the union. 

They swear never to forsake the union 
in. time of trouble, but that they will 
protect the interests of the union as long- 
as life remains, or until they are expelled 
from the order. That they will protect 
brother miners, regardless of race, or 
color. But bear in mind, "brother min- 
ers" does not include "scabs." Only 
union men are brothers, only those who 
have received the "mark of the beast and 
the number of his name." Rev. 13: 16, 
17. A non-union man is not a brother. 
The Golden Rule is often referred to in 

Octol-er. 1i:m»4. 


the ledge room : "Whatsoever ye would, 
that men should do to you, do ye even so 
to them," ( ]\latt. 7:12) but the Golden 
Rule is not practiced by the union. They 
trample the word of God and Christian- 
ity under foot. 

They bind themselves to keep the oath 
and obligations under no less a penalty 
than that of sacrificing their character, 
reputation, and honor as a man. The\ 
obligate themselves to cease to be recog- 
nized as a gentleman, or even a law abid- 
ing citizen, but promise to brand them- 
selves traitors, tyrants, rebels, perjurers, 
without reputation, character, or honor. 
They take this oath, bear in mind, before 
they know the pass word or anything thai 
IS done, or to be done in the lodge 
room. The ^lasons swear to have their 
throat cut across, their heart taken out, 
and their bowels burned to ashes and 
scattered to the four winds of heaven, 
hut which is worse, the Freemason's obli- 
g"ation or the ^line Workers'? ^^'hich 
is worse, to be put to death, as per the 
Freemason's penalty, or robbed of "char- 
acter, reputation and honor, as a man." 
no longer classed as a man. but as a 
branded "outlaw. reprobate, traitor, 
tyrant, rebel and perjurer." It is eas)' 
to see that the same spirit which leads 
^Masonry also animates the United ^line 
A\'orkers of America. 

The United ]\Iine Workers of Anierica 
is a strong organization. The national 
lieadquarters are now at Indianapolis. 
Ind. It is controlled by national offi- 
cers. When John }ilitchell, the Xational 
President, came to Arkansas in 1903, I 
lieard a United States Senator in a 
speech, in the presence of John ^litchell. 
say to the multitude, that John Mitchell 
was the greatest labor speaker of the 
present dav. 

This article is not written because T 
liave anything against the members of 
the union. ]^Iany of them are my warm 
friends. When I left Local Union. Xo. 
1199. I left many friends behind in the 
lodge. Among them was a brother 
A\'oodson who had labored with me in the 
^Master's cause. I write this to warn the 
"hungTy hearted, those who are seeking 
light, but have been hindered hv the 
Secret Empire from obtaining it. 

We notice that James, after telling the 
perplexing conditions of the last days. 

does not leave us in doubt as to what 
course to take, or what remedy to use. 
but says: ( Jas. 5:7) "Be patient, there- 
fore, unto the coming of the Lord." And 
he assures that generation that the 
coming of the Lord draweth ni^h. ( \>rse 
8. I The cries of the oppressed laborer 
of the present day are to reach the ears 
of the Lord of Hosts, but the L'nion is 
not the instrument to make things right. 
The coming of the Lord spoken of will 
do it and it is the promised remedy. 
\'erse nine of the same chapter pictures 
the ditterence between the union and non- 
imion man. also the envy and hatred 
existing between laborer and capitalist., 
while verse ten tells us to wait patientlv 
for the coming of the Lord, giving the 
prophets as examples, with the assurance 
that cur redemption draweth nigh. \'erse 
eleven speaks cf the happiness of those 
who endure. 

^^'e have no objection to organized 
labor on a straight, open, businesslike 
plan, but we must object to oath bound 
secret societies, which "yoke" Christians 
with unbelievers. "For what fellowship 
hath righteousness with unrighteousness ? 
and what communion hath light with 
darkness ? And what concord hath Chris: 
with Relial ? or what part hath he that 
believeth with an infidel ? And what 
agreement hath the temple of God with 
idols ? For ye are the temple of the 
living God : as God hath said. I will dwell 
in them, and walk in them : .and I will 
be their God. and thev shall be my peo- 
ple. \\'herefore come out from among 
them, and be ye separate, saith the Lord, 
and touch not the unclean thing : and I 
will receive you, and will be a Father 
unto you, and ye shall be niy sons and 
daughters, saith the Lord Almig'hty." 2 
Cor. 6, 14, 15. 16. 17. 18. 

AMntbrop. Ark. 

Prayer is like the exhalations of the 
morning, which, sun-kissed, rise toward 
heaven and pass into infinity. 

The more we see of the compassion of 
God the more tender, gentle antl reliant 
cur faith will be in Him. 

Angels pit}- the man whose faith rests 
on a fallacy. There is more hope of an 
unbeliever than of hnn. 



October. 19<.i4. 

Irom §\xx JBrttL 

Osseo, Wis., Aug. 6. 1904. 
Enclosed find money order for Si in 
payment of year's subscription to the 
Cynosure. It's a good investment. Yours 
respectfully, < Rev.) ]^I. H. Hemann. 

Detroit, ]\Iich., Aug. 10, 1904. 
Enclosed please find one dollar in pay- 
ment of my subscription to Cynosure. I 
have read the three numbers received so 
far with great interest. Yours very truly, 
(Rev.) L. List. 

Sheridan, Ind., Time 8, 1904. 
AA'. I. Phillips : I am getting quite for- 
getful as the evening shadoAvs of life 
lengthen, but until the evening sun sets 
I want the Cvnosmx to come to mv home. 
O. C. Lindlev. 


The Secret Religious Orders. 

St. Louis, Sept. 19. — The secret religi- 
ous orders are improving every opportun- 
ity to parade themselves, especially their 
uniforms and the high times that they 
have, which they can secure from the 
AA'orld'sFair authorities. They have erect- 
ed a fraternal house for headquarters, 
the V\'oodmen have a booth in one of the 
exhibition palaces, and parades, social 
events, etc., are of frequent mention in 
the papers. One thing is encouraging, 
however, and that is a lack of enthusiasm, 
and signs are not wanting of actual in- 
difference, which the high priests and offi- 
cials of extravagant titles, and incidental- 
ly of comfortable salaries, try to over- 
come by events,. etc., as afore mentioned. 

Union Labor in St. Louis. 

L^pon Labor Day there was a noticeable 
lack of interest on the part of the work- 
men to participate in parades, and the 
general disposition of the unions is more 
of toleration, especially in cases where 
non-union men receive same wages as 
union workers for the same work : and 
it seems safe to say that if employers 
would give that and not take advantage 
of men's actual needs or unfortunate cir- 
cumstances to get work done at less than 
living ^vage, that even among the un- 

skilled workers of rash judgment that 
there w^ould be practically no dissatisfac- 
tion and discorcls with strike breakers or 
with employers. The practical failure of 
the packing house unions in their late 
strike and consequent great losses has 
a tendency upon both employers and em- 
plo}'es to be more just on the one hand 
and more cautious on the other — for a 
strike, though a failure to win its objects, 
is an expensive afitair for employers as 
well as for their men. Therefore the 
prospects in this great labor market for 
peaceful conditions are good, though 
many men must remain idle and loose 
much time for the simple reason that 
there are more men to produce than there 
is capital being used in production. 

L'nionism in this city has become a rec- 
ognized institution to which the building 
interests and business of the community 
adapt themselves as they do to corpora- 
tions and business organizations of all 
kinds. This state has been brought about 
very largely by the recognition of union 
labor by the Exposition authorities, with 
whom the unions secured an agreement 
that all employed skilled labor be done by 
union men, but this agreement does not 
afifect contractors ; for example, any man 
can, if he has skill or capital necessary,, 
contract to do any work and do^ it him- 
self though not a union man, and if he 
wishes he can employ others, but they 
must be union. This insured a fixed 
price for labor and worked to the satis- 
faction of all concerned. Non-union men,, 
in the meantime, have been busy at better 
wages on non-union work, of which there 
has been a good amount. Temperance 
and wisdom in management of personal 
afi'airs give here as elsewl^ere any labor- 
ing man who wants to work as good an 
opportunity as conditions of supply and 
demand warrant. H. L. F. G. 


Work a little, sing- a little. 

Whistle and be gay; 
Read a little, play a little.. 

Busy every day; 
Talk a little, laugh a little. 

Don't forget to pray; 
Be a bit of merry sunshine 

All the blessed way. 
— M. C. B. Woodward in Sunset :Ma.aazlne for 

October. 1904. 



Rives Junction, Mich. 

Dear Brother — The good causes are 
numerous and none of them need the sup- 
port of God's children more than the anti- 
secret cause. But the multiphed du- 
ties of a man who travels and engages in 
the kind of work I am doing prevent him 
from doing many things to his liking. I 
trust that the good Lord will bless you 
in all your efforts to advance his cause. 

The kingdom of darkness is helped in 
no better way than by the secret lodges 
•of the day. They are so manifestly anti- 
Christ that it seems strange that any 
professed child of God would affiliate 
with them or make excuses for their ex- 
istence. To put them down seems like 
a hopeless task. But it is our duty to 
oppose this form of evil the same as all 
-others whether we succeed or not. We 
can save a few here and there and hold 
up the banner. A thing to be desired 
above all others in this fight is for the 
church of Christ to free herself from all 
connection with this form of sin. The 
enemy is intrenched in the Church. This 
makes the fight doubly hard. A few 
churches exclude them all. All of them 
ought to do so. Yours very truly, 
(Rev.) S. A. Manwell 
President ^Michigan ^^>sleyan ^Methodist 



Jersey City, N. J., Aug. 6, 1904. 
Editor of Christian Cynosure : 

Dear Sir — Having read with deep in- 
terest many articles in the Cynosure on 
Freemasonry, in recent numbers of the 
Cynosure. I should like the privilege to 
suggest that Freemasonry is nothing 
more than a universal boycott, by its 
members, against all other members of 
society, and nothing less than self- 
licensed anarchy. When people generally 
learn that ^Masonry has no secrets nor 
mysteries, that it is extremely foolish and 
oppressive, and that its members are 
merely banded together for the purpose 
of favoring one another, and protecting 
one another from just punishment for 
crimes they or any of them may com- 
mit against the State or Government, it 
seems to me that no honorable man will 
dare to admit his membership. He will 

be ashamed to have the public know it. 
Trusting that you may prosper in your 
good and brave efforts, I am. Yours 

Thoma<^ Smith. 

Pontiac, 111. 

W'm. J. Phillips — I have seen more 
people go to hell (if I may put it that 
plainly) through the lodge than through 
drink ; not meaning there are more ruin- 
ed by the lodge, but that I have seen 
more. Men dying with a curse on their 
lips, but exalted to heaven by the lodge 
ceremonies at their funerals : which leads 
others to go and do likewise — 'tis dread- 
ful. Xo spiritual interest in the churches, 
which makes me hunger and thirst to 
hear the gospel preached once more with 
power. Too much of lodge and memo- 
rial Sunday services — crowding out the 
face of the Savior of men. 

May the Lord abundantly bless your 
work. I should very much enjov at- 
tending your conventions sometime, if I 
can do so. I shall always be a subscrib- 
er to the Cynosure as long as it stands 
for truth and righteousness. There are 
six pastors of churches here, and they all 
either belong to or are in favor of the 
lodo-es. Yours in the Master's work. 

^Irs. E. AV. 


Steelton, Pa., July 19. 1904. 
Dear Brother in Christ : 

I am still contending earnestly for the 
faith once delivered unto the saints. I 
find some beasts to fight at Ephesus, some 
Sennacheribs threatening Jerusalem, and 
some Balaams who love the wages of un- 

Xot long since I went to a Bible study 
meeting of a popular church. The min- 
ister asked : "\Vhat will bring persecu- 
tion?" I said: "Let the minister or 
teacher specify sin, and show how God 
hates all kinds of evil, such as pride, cov- 
etousness. idolatry, foolishness, love of 
pleasure, tobacco and secret societies, and 
persecution will necessarily follow." 

One lady grabbed her shawl, saying 
some bitter woi-ds, and left. She was a 
member of a women's lodge — a Rebekah, 
a Dauo-hter of Libertv. or Cain, or of Po- 



October. 11XI4. 

cahontas, 1 have forgotten which. The 
minister began with the tobacco qnestion. 
and asked what authority I had for teach- 
ing against tobacco. I quoted II. Cor. 
7:1. "Let us cleanse ourselves from all 
tilthiness of the flesh and spirit,, perfect- 
ing holiness in the fear of God." The 
mmister declared that the use of tobacco 
was not a filthy habit, but is what is called 
an acquired habit. I told him drinking 
whiskv was an acquired habit, and the 
flesh almost always resents it in the be- 
ginning. He replied: "'Strong drink is 
mentioned in the Bible; tobacco is not." 
I asked him whether he did not think it 
was spending mone}' for that which it not 
bread (Is. 53 : 2). "Oh, no," he said. 

Then he changed the subject, and 
wanted to know — what he really wanted 
to learn in the beginning, for he confessed 
to belonging to three lodges — what au- 
thoritv I had for testifying against the 
lodge.' I quoted II. Cor. 6: 14, "Be ye 
not'unequally yoked together with unbe- 
lievers." "The Bible," he declared, "says 
plainly and definitely there that it means 
the marriage relation." I said: "It does 
mean marriage, and also business, and es- 
pecially the unequal yoke of the lodge. 
As for saying definitely the marriage re- 
lation, such a word is not found in that 
chapter." He said : "It is." I said : "I 
know the whole chapter, and can repeat 
it." He said: "Repeat it." So I had 
the pleasure of reciting the whole chap- 

He said: "Xobody knows whether se- 
cret societies are wrong unless he be- 
longs." I said: "I need not steal to 
know that stealing is wrong. I get my 
knowledge of right and wrong from the 
word of God." He said : "You mean to 
say that all lodge men steal ?" I told him 
that I said nothing that could be so con- 

He said I had no business to speak 
against anything that was not mentioned 
in the Bible. I told him the minor sins 
which sprang from the major ones are 
legion, and the spirit of God discerns 
them for us : also the fruit declares to 
which tree they belong. I told him of 
a lodge whose members send doves ofl: 
at the grave to represent how beautifully 
the soul of a brother member goes to 
heaven, regardless of his life or actions 
while here below\ I told him of a saloon 

keeper who belonged to that lodge, and 
that they said they would "have to get a 
bald eagle to take him up, as a dove would 
be entirely too lig'ht." 

C)ne man came earnestly to his pastor's 
assistance and began to eulogize the re- 
ligion of his lodge in fine oratorical terms, 
making it equal to an}- church and far 
above many. I said: "Is not one of the 
prominent features of your order to try 
to get and keep the Bible in the public 
schools?" He said : "Yes, sir." I said : 
"May I ask you the question, why this 
order, composed mostly of unsaved men^ 
is so anxious about getting the Bible in 
the public schools, and at the same time 
its members are making determined ef- 
forts to keep Jesus Oirist out of their 
hearts and lives?" He suddenly lost his 
reasoning powers. He reminded me of 
the man who said : "I am open to con- 
viction, but I defy any man to convince 
me." The sly minister came to the res- 
cue, saying that they were not trying to 
get the Bible into the public schools as 
the word of God, but simply as a text- 
book. I asked him whether a foreigner 
could join his lodge. He said: "No.'^ 
I told him that if Jesus were here now in 
the flesh. He could not join, having been 
born away over in Bethlehem of Judea ; 
and I certainly would do some sei'ious re- 
flecting before joining an order that re- 
jected my Master. For "God is no re- 
specter of persons, but in every nation he 
that feareth Him and worketh righteous- 
ness is accepted with Him." 

The Lord kept me sweet, so that my 
words were with grace, seasoned with 
salt. I shall remember with regret and 
sorrow the bitterness shown on their 
part. "But they mocked the messengers 
of God, and despised his words, and mis- 
used his prophets, until the wrath of the 
Lord 'arose against his people, till there 
was no remedy" {II. Chron. 36:16). 

Your brother in Christ, 

John S. V\'hite. 

Grand Rapids, Mich. 
I desire to reaffirm all my former po- 
sitions and sentiments regarding secret 
societies, and to pledg'e my co-operation 
with vou on all lines which shall tend 
toward the hindrance or overthrow of 
this monstrous wrong. The entire sys- 
tem of organized secretism is evil, only 

October. 19<>4. 



evil, and that continually. The wrongs 
being immediately perpetuated by this 
mystic brotherhood are beyond our reck- 
oning, ^lany of the gigantic operations 
along harmful lines, such as war, exces- 
sive taxation, unionism, perversion of 
justice in courts, etc., are almost directly 
traceable to the. influence of secret so- 
cieties, encouraged and fostered in this 
so-called free government. We shall find, 
not long hence, that we have nourished 
a viper. Keep up your courage, for: 

"The strife will not be lon.c:: 
This day the noise <if 1'iittle. 
The next the victor's soii.s:.*' 

I am vours in the strife for clean work. 
(Rev.) H. A. Dav. 

Irom ©ur €Kliattae0, 

\\'e have already given some reasons 
why Christians should join the United 
Presbyterian Church, >uch as her purity 
of worship, her testimony against secret 
societies, and her exclusive use of the 
Psalms. But there are other reasons. 
Among them is the fact that she contends 
for an unmutilated Bible. 

— The Christian Instructor. 



At the convention of the National 
Christian Association, opposed to secret 
societies. President Blanchard. of \\'hea- 
ton, Illinois, gave an excellent a<.:- 
dress, in which he compared the Church 
and the Lodge. For the benefit of our 
readers we give a few points and 
thoughts presented at this time. 

I. The charities of the church are 
more extensive than the lodge. The 
lodge limits its charities to their own 
nimiber, while the church exicnds theirs 
to all. The lodge seeks to exclude those 
who are in need of help and receive the 
strong and able bodied into the lodge. 
The chtirch and lodge are constructed 
on different principles, one is conceal- 
ment, the other openness and frankness. 
Of the 100,000 churches in the United 
States, none are required to conceal from 

the world their proceedings, but invite 
all imo their assemblies. The lodges are 
based upon the principle of secrecy. 

II. The church is planted on the prin- 
ciple of character, the lodge on ^payment. 
In all churches the person seeking ad- 
mittance professes to be a penitent man. 
If he is not. he is a hypocrite or liar. 
The lodge does not profess to demand 
repentance. It is no discredit to a Ma-. 
son to be a Sabbath-breaker. It is for 
a member of the church. 

III. The lodge is foundev'i on partial 
benevolence, the church on universal be- 
nevolence. During the great Chicago fire 
secret societies solicited betv eon S6o.O(jO 
or $70,000. to be applied to the lodge 
sufferers. A. T. Stewart, of Xew York, 
sent $50,000 to be applied to the needy 
women and suffering children. The 
lodge says. "I will help you if vou will 
help me." 

IV. The lodge is founded on tiie prin- 
ciple of partial honesty, the church on 
universal honesty. The Masons say, 
"Don't cheat the ]\Iason:" the church. 
"Don't cheat anyone." The former is a 
Jewish idea. Be as dishonest as you will 
with an}one but your brother in the lodge. 
The obligation in the Master Mason de- 
gree reads as follows : "Furthermore, that 
I will not cheat, wrong nor defraud a 
Master ^Mason's lodge, nor a brother of 
this degree knowingly," etc. 

\'. The lodge is founded upon the 
principle of partial purit}-. the church on 
universal purity. Devils like -nch a la\*' 
of \'irtue. Masons have a right to insult 
any woman, providing it be no near rela- 
tive of the lodge brother, especially the 
Masons. The obligation taken in the 
Master ^Mason's degree being. Further- 
more, that I will not have illicit, carnal 
intercourse with a ^Master ^lason's wife, 
his mother, sister or daughter, nor suffer 
the same to be done by others, if in m.y 
power to prevent." 

A' I. The lodge is a school for murder, 
the church for mercy. \\"hen one severs 
his connection and reveals their proceed- 
ings they execute the oath taken. "Bind- 
ing myself under no less penalty than 
that of having my body severed in twain. 
my bowels taken from thence and burned 
to ashes, the ashes scattered to the four 
winds of heaven," etc., or "Bmding my- 
self under no less penalt}" than oi having 



October. 191)4. 

my breast torn open, my heart plucked 
out and placed on the highest pinnacle 
of the temple to be devoured by the vul- 
tures of the air." 

The church is God-devised, the lodge 
man-devised. Both profess the same 
object ; tlie one is man's care, the other is 
God's care. Heathenism separates man 
and wife : so does the lodge. 
. — The Seminary Evangelist. 


Report Read on Labor Unions. 

The Christian Reformed (Holland) 
Church finds the labor union question a 
difficult one to settle. Two years ago it 
was before their Synod, but no action 
was taken. At their last meeting a long 
report on the subject was read, but ac- 
tion was deferred to some future meet- 
ing. In this report workingmen were 
urged not to remain in or connect them- 
selves with unions in case they : 

1. Are required to promise, with or 
Avithout oath, unconditional obedience to 
the unions, with exclusion of their du- 
ties toward God, state, church or family. 

2. In case a union desecrates the Sab- 
bath by its business meetings, or sanc- 
tions such desecration in any way, such 
as by excursions under its auspices, etc. 

3. In case a union directly or indi- 
rectly occasions the use of violence by 
establishing pickets and ordering boy- 
cotts and strikes. 

4. In case a union prohibits or ren- 
ders impossible to a Christian to do what 
he ought to do as such, or requires any- 
thing of him which he may not do as a 
consistent Christian. 

5. In case a union collects funds by 
means contrary to the Word of God, 
such as dancing, card-parties, gambling. 
Sabbath excursions, etc. 

6. In case the ritual of a union con- 
tains anything it conceals from non-mem- 

7. In case a union is essentially a se- 
cret oath-bound society. 

If a member of the Christian Reform- 
ed Church discovers that a union he de- 
sires to join has any or all of the fea- 
tures enumerated above, he is not to be- 
come a member of it until such union has 
abolished these objectionable matters. If 

such objectionable features are not found 
in any local union, but only imperfec- 
tions, he may be suffered to join it if he 
uses every opportunity- to reform such 
an organization. But the great ideal of 
Christian workingmen should be the for- 
mation of labor organizations of a de- 
cidedly Christian character. 

In case a member of the Christian Re- 
formed Church has already joined a un- 
ion having the objectionable features 
mentioned, and persists in remaining in 
it, he is not to be tolerated as a church 
member, but must be instructed and 
labored with by his consistory and in case 
of necessity, disciplined. 

Finally Synod appointed a committee 
to make a special study of unionism and 
to investigate and state the principles and 
doings of Christian labor organizations. 
The committee is to report to the next 
Synod. The committee was charged to 
correspond and co-operate as much as 
possible with churches and associations 
who have also taken up the matter of un- 
ionism, and sympathize with us, that we 
may come, if possible, to united action. 
And besides this the committee was to 
act also as a committee of "propaganda," 
to arouse interest in this matter for the 
furtherance' of a Christian labpr move- 

— Editorial in Associate Presbyterian Magazine. 


POSED.'" just tlie book to explode modern here- 
sies, etc. 96 pages. 

'SELF EXAMINATION," by M. L. Schooley and 
E. E. Shelhainer. will help souls to locate them- 
selves; 32 pages. 

haps the most concise and unanswerable for size 
in print. 128 pages. Get some to scatter. 

TIONS," by Jonathan Edwards. Also his no- 
table sermon, under which 50() were converted. 
64 pages. 

TO THE CELESTIAL CITY:" extracts from 
Nathaniel Hawthorne; interesting and instruc- 
tive. 32 pages. 





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Freemasonry Illustrated. 640 

pages, cloth, $1.00: paper, 75c. 

A complete expositon .f the Blue Lodge and 
phapter consisting of ' ' en degrees. Profuseim 

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341 pages, cloth, $1.00; paper, 50c. 
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are fully and accurately given in "Freemasonry 
Illustrated." Vol. 1 comprises the degrees from 
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Vol. 11 comprises the degrees from 19th to 33rd 
bjclusive, with the signs, grips, tokens nnd pass- 
vnjrda irr>m !«•■ to 33rd #i*g:)ree iiarkj«iwe 

J8®=EXPLANATORY: Freemasonry Illustrated 
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The complete revised ritual of the Lodge En- 
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quotations from standard authorities, showing the 
character and teachings of the order, and an an- 
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This ritual corresponds exactly with the "Charge 
Books" furnished by the Sovereign Grand Lodg'e. 

Revised Rebekah Ritual (lllus- SERMONS AND ADDRESSES, 

Revised and Amended Official "Ritual fox 
Rebekah Lodges, published by the Sovereign 
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cover 25c. each, $2.00 per dozen. 
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This is an exceedingly interesting, clear discus- 
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each, $2.00 per dozen postpaid. 
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Are Secret Societies a Blessing? 

A pamphlet of 20 pages. 5c. 

An address by Rev. B. Carradine, D. D., pastor 
of the Centenary M. E. church, St. Louis, Mo. 
Jan. 4, 1891. W, McCoy writes: "That sermon 
ought to be in the hands of every preacher .in this 
land, and every citizen's, too." 



This Hymn Was 'Composed During the Ter- 
rors of Thirty Years' War. 

(Translated from the German by Rev. Theodore 

Now thank we all our God 

With heart and voice and actions^ 
Who mighty things has done 

For us, and in all sections ; 
Who from our mother's arms, 

And from the days of youth 
Up to the present hour, 

Has done us countless good. 

Grant, O Thou bounteous God, 

To us, while we are living, 
An ever- joyful heart 

And temporal peace's sweet blessing. 
Preserve us in Thy grace 

In future mightily, 
And free us from all ill, 

Now and eternally> 

All praise and thanks to God 

The Father now be given, 
The Son, and Him who reigns 

With them in highest heaven ; 
The triune, only God, 

Whom heaven and earth adore ; 
For so it was, is now, 

And shall be evermore. 



Managing Editor 

221 West Madison Street, Chicago 


PRICE— Per year, in advance, $1.00; three months, on 
trial, twenty-five cents; single copies, ten cents. 

OISCOIMTIIMUANCES-We find that a lar^e number of 
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to remit before expiration. IT IS THEREFORJB 
CONTINUED. Notification to discontinue at expi- 
ration can be sent in at any time daring the year. 

PRESEIMTATION COPIES— Many persons subscribo tor 
fdends. In such cases, if we are advised that a sub- 
scription is a present and not regularly authoriied 
by the recipient, we will make a memorandum t» 
discontinue at expiration, and to send no bill for tbn, 
ensuinir year. 

Folly, Expense and Danger 

I Secret Societies. 

I of Wheaton College. 

They may be rudely classified as religious; 

t. g., the Jesuits, Freemasonry, Oddfellow- 
hip, the Knights of Pythias, etc.: political, as 
lthe Know-nothings, Knights of the Golden 
jCircle, the Order of American Deputies, the 
|Kuklux-Klan, the White League, etc.: indus- 
iferial; as the unions of carpenters, bricklayers, 
conductors, engineers, etc.: insurance; as the 
iRoyal Arcanum, the Modern Woodmen, the 
Order of the Iron Hall, the Ancient Order of 
United Mechanics, etc.: and the social; as the 
(college fraternities. Postpaid 5 cents each. 

Royal Neighbors of America 

Ritual \and Installation Work 

Price, postpaid, 10 cts. 


; This Order is the auxiliary branch of the 
Modern Woodmen of America, to which the 
latter and women relatives are eligible. 

221 West Madison St., Chicago, III. 

Council of the Orient. Pocket 
size, full roan, flap, $2.50. . , ^ 
The Complete Stands^rd Ritual of Council 

Masonic Degrees in Cyjpner. 8th to 10th inclusive. 

Giving the Degrees of Royal Master, Select Mas- 

>vt and Super Excellent Master. 

Moody Bible Institute of Chicago 194 

The LfOdge a Spiritual Counterfeit 195 

The Frieniis on Secretism 196 

Thirty Differences Between the Lodge 

and the Church 197 

Blessed Soldiers 198 

The True Foundation 198 

The National Christian Association 199 

"Escaped the Edge of the Sword" 202 

Hazed Dad Thrown Into Well .204 

Cartoon 205 

A King Selecting Subjects 206 

An Interesting Letter 207 

"The Terrible Nine" 208 

The National Christian Association 210 

Washington as an Honorary Member.. ..211 

John /Morison 211 

Sunday Excursions to Be Abolished 212 

A Statesman's Sabbath. 212 

Rev. William Wishart, D. D 213 

Sinister Omens to Trade Unions .214 

Farley Detective Agency 214 

Saint Louis Pastors 215 

Decides Against the Elks .216 

News of Our Work , 216 

"Frats" in Disfavor 220 

A Crow that Wears a Foolscap 221 

Elijah Would Have No Secrecy 221 

Secret Society Entanglements 221 

From an Odd'fellow. , 222 

Youths and Women Barred 223 

Patent for Gallows 224 

Sermon on flasonry. i6 pages, 
jc. By Rev. W. P. McNary, pastor 
united Presbyterian church. 

Thirteen Reasons why a Chris- 
tian should not be a Freemason. 

By Rev. Robert Armstrong. 16 pages. 

Pres. H. H. George on Secret 
Societies. loc. each. 

A powerful address, showing clearly the duty of 
Christian churches to disfellowship secret socie- 

Freemasonry Symbolized in Rev- 
elation. By Rev. Jas. P. Stod- 
dard. 30c. each. 

This is an attempt to answer the question whether 
there is " a prodigious system (drawing into itself 

Cloth 35c, pape"; 

Secret Societies. 


A discussion of their character and claims by 
Rev. David McDill, Pres. J. Blanchard and Rev 
Edward Beecher. 

'Jesus answered him,— I spake openly to the worhl; aod in secret have I said nothing." John IS.-'^O.* 








221 West Madison St., Chicago 

Entered at the Post Office, Chicaso, IIU ajB second* 

Both candidates for President are Ma- 
sons. Mr. Roosevelt is a member of 
Matinicock Lodge, in Oyster Bay, havin;^ 
been admitted about four years ago. 
Past Master Judge Parker has represent- 
ed a Dutchess county lodge in the Grand 

Lodsfe of the State. 

Some of our readers desire to know 
the position of the Prohibition nom- 
inee for President, Mr. Silas C. 
Swallow, of Plarrisburg, Pa. He joined 
the Masons in 1863, forty-one years ago, 
but has not been in a Masonic lodge since 
1864, forty years ago; and those who 
heard his address at our convention in 
Pennsylvania will remember that he gave 
satisfactory reasons for having aban- 
doned the lodge. ^ He is not a member of 
any other secret societv. 

Attention has been called to the fed- 
eration of the Catholic secret societies of 
this country, through which that church 
is destined to greatly increase her poHti- 
cal influence. The new Postmaster-Gen- 
eral, R. J. Wynne, is the second Catho- 
lic to become a member of the cabinet. 
The attitude of Rome toward republics is 
changing, but it is still true that ''Rome 
never changes" in her dominant princi- 
ple, to control earthly governments. 

The Boston Pilot and some other Cath- 
olic papers of less prominence are out for 
the President's re-election ; and a Catho- 

lic contributor to the Plartford Courant 
says : 

"There are evidences throughout the 
country of an influx into the Republican 
party from the ranks of Catholic Demo- 
crats. During the past half century, 
Catholics have been solidly allied to de- 
mocracy. Fifty 3' ears ago, at the birth 
of the Republican party. Catholics were 
forced into the Democratic ranks by the 
attitude and doctrines of republicanism. 
Times have changed, and so has the Re- 
publican party. Catholics have interests 
which afl:ect the welfare of our republic. 
When these interests are maintained ac- 
cording to the dictates of strict justice. 
Catholics appreciate the fairness and im- 
partiality which regonizes their claims 
and grants them. They ask no favors, 
but demand their rights. The spirit 
which has actuated the executive of our 
government, in'conditions which afl:ected 
the interests of millions of Catholics, has 
been fair and just. The justice dealt out 
by the Republican Government is appre- 
ciated, and will turn the tide next Novem- 
ber. The next election will mark an era 
in American politics. The old boundaries 
will be swept away and a marked division 
will obtain in the Democratic ranks, 
which our fathers never foresaw. Re- 
publics may be ungrateful, but the Cath- 
olic bodv is not." 

We ask united prayers for our report- 
ers, colporteurs and lecturers, and for 
an increase in their number. Why may 
not each reader of this paragraph, if nof 
already acting in one of these capacities, 
enlist for the coming campaign? Why 
not interview your pastor and leading 
church officers, and get an expression of 
their views, and send to the editor? The 
work is important for your community, 
and you can do it. Let us hear from 



Novetuber, 1904. 


Bean of the Moody Bible Institute of Cliicaj-co, for City, Home and Foreign Missions. 

MOODY BIBLE INSTITUTE OF CHICAGO er, and with a large and varied experience 

on the hnes of training and education for 
which the Institute stands. Indeed, Dr. 
Gray has been a central figure in the In- 
stitute work for ten years, through the 
popular special summer courses he has 
conducted, and Avhich have attracted pas- 
tors, evangelists and teachers from all 
parts of the country in large numbers. He 
will now become a member of the boar-l 
of trustees; and assume an active part in, 
the direction of affairs. 

It is not generally known that this 
home plant represents an asset of $350,- 
000 (free from incumbrance), and an an- 
nual expense account of over $40,000; 
and that it trains annually over 1,100 stu- 
dents of both sexes. A large proportion 
of these are college-bred me.n and women, 
and many of the remainder receive in the 
Institute a stimulus for further colleo:e or 

Everyone who reveres the memory of 
D. L. Moody will be pleased to learn of 
the brighter and broacler prospects open- 
ing out before the Bible Institute which 
he founded in Chicago in 1889. The last 
annual report indicates that the student 
roll was never larger, the curriculum 
never more thorough and systematic, or 
the spiritual tide never higher and 

Mr. Torrey, though absent in England 
throughout the winter engaged in large 
evangelistic missions, still retains his 
connection with the Institute. 

Arrangements have also been perfected 
looking to the permanent connection vAth 
the Institute of Rev. James M. Gray, D. 
D., of Boston, eminent on both sides of 
the ocean as a Bible expositor and teach- 

November, 1904. 



seminary work. There are also in the 
popular evening- classes conducted in 
Chicago (taking the last two or three 
years as a criterion) over three thousand 



'Thou shalt have no other gods before 
me." — Gen. 2 :3. 

"Satan is a counterfeiter. He schemes 
not so much to deny God as to substi- 
tute a false god in the place of the true 
one. We see this in his earliest attempts 
w^ith the human race. God was acknowl- 
edged in the temptation of our first pa- 
rents, but a false character was sought 
to be imposed upon Him. And so it has 
been ever since. The whole system of 
paganism, of wdiich Satan is the author, 
was and is a vast counterfeit. So near 
is it in certain features to the religion 
of the Bible, that even 'advanced schol- 
arship' in the nineteenth century supposes 
it to have the same root, or to be even the 
parent of Christianity. When Moses 
stood before Pharoah in the name of Je- 
hovah, the emissaries of Satan were there 
also, to resist him with counterfeit per- 
formances. When Jesus came into the 
world to seek and to save the lost, Satan 
came also with him and succeeded so 
well in counterfeiting His marvelous 
work, that they who should have been 
the judges were unable to discriminate 
against him, and attributed the power of 
the Holy Spirit to Beelzebub. For more 
than 1,200 years Satan has had a coun- 
terfeit church in the earth, and it is only 
a discerning few who are able even yet 
to distinguish the features of the harlot 
from those of the Holy Bride. Spiritual- 
ism, with its doctrines of devils, its tem- 
ples, and the oracles and mysterious phe- 
nomena ; rationalism, with its deification 
of human powers and its substitution of 
the intellectual for the spiritual life ; Ro- 
manism, with its invocation of saints, its 
worship of relics, its altars and auguries, 
its penance and purgatory, its priest-craft 
and traditions — all these are so many 
counterfeit religions, which the prince of 
darkness causes to pass current in the 
world for the pure coin. 

'Tf objection be taken to the classifica- 
tion of the lodge system in this category, 
let it be said that we make a due dis- 
crimination. We note the- benevolent 
features of the system, the morality of its 
teachings, and the exalted character of 
a portion of its membership. Without 
these things, indeed, it could not have 
standing as a counterfeit. They are the 
necessary conditions to its currency, and 
the arch-counterfeiter is too expert to 
neglect them. But, at the same time, the 
lodge system traces its origin, in Free- 
masonry at least, to a heathen source. It 
has the same rules, symbols and rites as 
the ancient mysteries of paganism. It 
worships not the God of the Scriptures, 
but an 'ideal' of its own conceit. It has 
its baptisms and its new birth, its pray- 
ers and ceremonies, its penalties and re- 
wards. Men proclaim it a good-enough 
church' for them. Christians prefer its 
assemblies^ to the prayer-meeting. Its 
claims are preposterous, if not blasphe- 
mous, its methods in "certain cases are 
deceitful, and its teachings heretical. Es- 
sential features of all the other coun- 
terfeits are found in the lodge system, 
and, while this is not to say that if is 
the consummation of them all, yet never- 
theless it is as dangerous as any in its 
tendency to rob men of a clear and sat- 
isfying hope in Christ, their only Sa- 

"Lmiitation of space alone prevents 
tlie substantiation of these assertions ; but 
they find substantiation, at least so far 
as Freemasonry (the highest tvpe of the 
secret lodge) is concerned, in the stand- 
ard writers of that craft— such as Oliver; 
Rebold, Cunningham, Mackey, Arnold and 
others, whose works are accessible in 
public libraries, and need only to be read 
to satisfy an enlightened, teachable Chris- 
tian mind that the system that they ex- 
pound bears the marks of the serpent, 
and is a counterfeit on the religion of 
the Old and New Testaments. 

"This paper is not written as a rem- 
edy, but a preventative. The hope is 



November, 1904. 

that it may open the eyes of some young- 
Christian, and lead him to investigate the 
lodge system from a Biblical and spirit- 
ual point of yiew before he becomes cor- 
rupted and handicapped by its associa- 
tion. Jesus Christ said: 'If any man 
serve Me, him will the Father honor.' It 
is difficult to serve Christ in a system 
which excludes the utterance of His name 
in prayer. As, therefore, we esteem 'the 
honor that cometh from God only,' let 
us separate ourselves from everything 
that hinders the pure and acceptable 
service of Jesus Christ." 

"The reformer is one of unbound- 
ed faith and has the courage of his 
convictions, and lives to be hated as 
fanatical, but is the salt of the 

'The greatest clog to the anti- 
secrecy movement is a sleepy 
church, whose members lay their 
dues and assessments on Baalish 

"So long as the American church 
nobility continues to burn incense 
on the lodge altars to Baal, secret 
societies will be in the saddle." 

"We confidently expect the time 
is near when the partnership of 
church members with lodge man- 
agers will be dissolved." 


Section 3— Secret Societies.* 

The rights of individuals to freedom of 
action, within proper bounds, must be 
maintained, but it is the duty of the 
church to warn its members against what- 
ever may, in any way, interfere with the 
best development of Christian character. 
The so-called "secret societies" may often 
have benevolent and useful provisions for 
their members, while, at the same time, 
there may be influences in their associa- 
tion that lower the moral standards, or 
lead away from religious interests, or un- 
dermine the grounds of faith. The mere 
pledge to secrecy is a surrender of manly 
independence that tends to moral deca- 

dence. Members of the church should 
be very circumspect in these important 
matters, and they will find safety in the 
complete avoidance of such relations. 

— From Rules of Disciplines for the Americau 
Yearly Meeting of Friends. 

In the Christian Advocate was the fol- 
lowing : 

"During the comparatively brief period 
in which the Christian Advocate has been 
edited by the present management it has 
been our duty to record the assassination 
of Alexander the II., Czar of Russia, 
who, after six previous attempts, was 
killed by the explosion of a bomb March 
13, 1 88 1. Then comes James A. Garfield, 
President of the United States, July 2, 
1 88 1. Then Carter H. Harrison, mayor 
of Chicago, Oct. 28, 1893 ; Marie Fran- 
cois Carnot, President of France, June 
24, 1894; Nasar-ed-Din, Shah of Per- 
sia, May I, 1896; Stanislaus Stamboul- 
ofT, Premier of Bulgaria, July 25, 1895 ; 
Canova del Castillo, Prime Minister of 
Spain, Aug. 8, 1897; Juan Idarte Borda, 
President of Uruguay, Aug. 25, 1897; 
Jose Maria Beyna Barrios, President of 
Guatemala, Feb. 16, 1898; Empress 
Elizabeth of Austria, Sept. 10, 1898; 
Humbert, .King of Italy, July 29, 1900; 
M. Bogoleipoff, former Russian Minister 
of Public Instruction, Feb. 27, 1901 ; 
Wm. McKinley, Sept. 6, 1901 ; M. Sipia- 
guine, Russian Minister of the Interior, 
April 16, 1902 ; M. Bogdonovitch, for- 
mer Governor-General of Ufa, European 
Russia, May 19, 1903 ; Alexander, King 
of Servia, June 11, 1903; Draga, Queen 
of Servia, June 11, 1903; Governor- 
General Bobrikoff of Finland, June 16, 
1904; M. Andreifi:, Vice-Governor of 
Elizabethpol, July 17, 1904; M. Plehve, 
July 28, 1904. He who supposes that 
this is the last is equally ignorant of the 
history and possibilities of human nature. 

"Of the above not one was assassinated 
by a Protestant and to the list could be 
added Lincoln and many others. Ten of 
the assassins were Greek Catholics; one 
was a Mohammedan, and eight ( the mur- 
derers of Carter Harrison, Carnot, Cas- 
tillo, Borda, Barrios, Elizabeth, Humbert 
and McKinley) were Romanists. The 
assassin of Garfield was of French Ro- 
manist descent, but professed no re- 

November, 1904. 




The Lrodtre. 

Accepts only those who have money. 

Receives neither women nor children. 

Helps only those who have paid. 

Tempts to vain oaths. 

Doubts a man's word until be swears. 

Has degrees Avhich form society into 

Holds secret meetings. 

Forbids a man to take his wife to the 
lod2:e meetings. 

Requires a man to hide something from 
his wife. 

Makes a man leave his family alone on 
lodge meeting nights. 

Persecutes and sometimps kills those who 
tell of its ritual and secrets. 

Hides its "light." 

Demands approval before telling what is 
to be approved. 

Draws good men into bad companj'. 

Calls the Bible '-furniture. 

Calls conscience the highest rule. 

Puts the Koi-an anvil other books on a 
level of comparison with the Eiblo. and de- 
clares such to be of equal authority. 

Prays without the nnrae of Christ. 

Avoids the confes«;ion of Christ, so as not 
to offend unbeliever.--. 

Considers all religions of equal value. 

Fosters pride by high-sounding titles. 

Sends the grossest sinners to "the Grand 
Lodge above.'' 

Says: Every kind of faith is saving. 

Way of salvation: Good works. 

Makes up new names for God. like "archi- 
tect." etc. 

Denies the Trinity, atonement and Christ's 

Advises to go in yoke with unbelievers. 

Often chooses scoffers to lead devotion. 

Sits at every meeting in "the seat of the 

The Church. 

Accepts the poorest. 

Receives every believer. 

Helps the poor as far as possible. 

Warns against vain oaths. 
Believes everv man until he deceives. 

Puts all on a level. 

Holds open meetings. 

Asks a man to take his wife to meeting. 

Advises married people to hide nothing. 

Asks a man to take his family with him. 

Sends out witnesses to proclaim its faith 
and ceremonies. 

Reveals its light. 

Demands knowledge before approval. 

Draws bad luen into good company. 

Calls the Bible "the living Avord of God." 

Calls the Bible the highest rule. 

Puts the Bible above all other books. 

Prays in the name of Christ. 

Confesses Christ though they d^e for it. 

Calls Christianity the only true religion. 

Fosters humilitv hv convincing of sin. 

Avoids a worldly life. 

Says: "Blessed are the pure in heart."' 

Says: None cometh to the Father except 
through the Son. 

Way of salvation: Faith, bearing fruit In 

Fses Bible names for God — Father, Son 
and Holy Spirit. 

Confesses all these truths. 

Warns against going in yoke with unbe- 

Chooses beMevers to lead devotic 

Says: Blessed i.^ ho that "sitteth not iu 
the seat of the scornful." 



November, 1904. 



Oh. the names of those clear ones 
Who have gone up to heaven 
Are engraved in our hearts, 
For the help they have given. 

We long to be with them ; 
And this is our prayer. 
That we meet them in heaven, 
To praise God "over there." 

Blessed soldiers for heaven 
Are still pressing on, 
Lifting high the right banner 
Of Jesus, God's Son. 

Serving faithfully, cheerfully, 
True soldiers are they ; 
They look up to heaven 
And their Captain obey. 

Though trials and dangers 
May come anywhere, 
They feel there is safety 
When they look up in prayer. 
Waupun, Wis., Sept 29, 1904. 



Our Savior tells of tv/o men, one of 
whom built his house on the rock, the 
other on the sand ; the first with suc- 
cess, the other with fearful failure. It 
costs much effort to dig deep, and there 
is much surplus material to be thrown 
away, but such material is poor stuff, 
and the only successful building is on 
the rock. 

There is a church in Northern Ohio, 
with a membership of over a thousand, 
and a record of great success in evan- 
gelical and reformatory work, but which 
has sadly declined in spiritual life and 
aggressive activity in radical reforms. 
A species of dry rot seems to have per- 
vaded the spiritual building, and cer- 
tain fungous growths, such as. dancing 
and card parties and secret societies, in 
their various forms, are strongly in 
evidence. As there were a few names 
in Sardis that had not defiled their gar- 

ments, so there are here some who have 
not forsaken the old ways and who are 
grieved over the desolations of Zion. 
They, with their pastor, are earnestly 
considering how they may "strengthen 
the things that remain and are ready to 
perish." Indeed, the pastor has been 
calling special attention to the work of 
Zerubbabel in building up the walls of 
Jerusalem, and to the people who "had 
a mind to work." Of what has been 
said in the able discourses on this theme, 
there is much to commend. 

But it seems to me that there is lament- 
able deficiency in what has not been 
said. The treacherous sand should be 
cleared away ; the axe laid at the root of 
the trees should be used to hew down 
those that bear no fruit. When the Lord 
called the prophet Jeremiah to his work, 
he said: 'T have this day set thee over 
the nations and over the kingdoms, to 
root out, to pull down and destroy, to 
throw down, to build and to plant.'' 
(Jer. 1:10.) This is a type of all true 
spiritual building. If men build on the 
sand, the floods of worldliness will tear 
down faster than they can build up. 

When our Lord Jesus began the work 
of building the church, his first condi- 
tion was that of separation from the 
world. His disciples were the ecclesia, 
the "called out." He gave them dis- 
tinctly to understand that though they 
were "the salt of the earth," and though 
their mission was to bless and save man- 
kind, they would never be popular. "If 
ye were of the world, the world would 
love its own, but because ye are not of 
the world, but I have chosen you out 
of the world, therefore the world hateth 

St. Paul wrote : "I beseech you, 
therefore, brethren, by the mercies of 
God, that ye be not conformed to this 
world, but be ye transformed by the re- 
newing of 3^our minds." (Rom. 12:1, 
2.) Writing to the Corinthians, he says: 
"Be not unequally yoked together with 
unbelievers, for what fellowship hath 
righteousness with unrighteousness, and 
what part hath he that believeth with an 
unbeliever? Wherefore, corne out from 
among them and be separate, and touch 
not tiie unclean thing, and I will be a 
Father to you and ye shall be my sons 

November, 1904. 



and daughters/' (II. Cor. 6:14, 15, 17, 

St. John writes : "Love not the world 
nor the things of the world. If any man 
love the world, the love of the Father 
is not in hini." (I. John 2:15.) St. 
James says: "Know ye not that the friend- 
ship of the world is enmity to God? If 
any man will be a friend of the world, 
he is an enemy of God." (Jas. 4:4.) 
Speaking of the last days, Paul says men 
"shall be lovers of pleasure more than 
lovers of God, having the forni of god- 
liness but denying the power thereof.' 
Now, so long as officers of the church 
have dancing and card parties, and be- 
long to the lodge, the world, at least, 
will believe that they are "lovers oi 
pleasure more than lovers of God." They 
are conformed to the world. There can 
be little hope of a genuine religious 
awakening, so long as there is a silent 
consent to this condition of things, and 
no specific attention is called to this mis- 
representation of the Gospel of Christ. 
It is said that a real religious awak- 
ening would break down all barriers and 
work a reformation in the hearts of the 
people. This is our hope ; but a genu- 
ine work of grace is always preceded by 
repentance and humiliation, and this is 
especially true when the sins are against 
great light. It was a far greater sin 
in ancient Israel to relapse into Baal- 
worship than it would have been had not 
Jehovah been specially manifested in all 
their history. It is a far greater sin in 
a church that has had the teachings of 
Finney and other eminent saints, to con- 
sent to the dance, the card party, the 
theater, and the lodge, than for others 
not so enlightened. 

So lonsf as the calves of Jeroboam 
were at Bethel and Dan, though there 
might be a ^liominal recognition of 
Jehovah, there was little hope of the 
salvation of the nation. Alas ! is there 
no Amos to go to Bethel and prophesy? 
Oh ! for a Jeremiah that has the courage 
to "root up and pull down," as well as 
''to build and to plant" ! 

If the eyes are the windows of the 
soul, the soul will be brightest to him who 
sees most and darkest to him who will 
not raise the blinds. 


Its Origin, Objects and Its Needs. 


The National Christian Association 
has an exalted origin. It was begotten 
of an intelligent and an enlightened con- 
science. Like other true reforms, it 
originated from a dire necessitv. 

The exposure of Masonry by William 
Alorgan in 1826, verified by reputable 
contemporaries, struck terror to the 
hearts of its adherents, and, panic-strick- 
en, lodges vied with each other in the 
surrender of their charters, until their 
remnant was as scarce as radium. 

The foes of secrecy had not yet fully 
comprehended its diabolical spirit ; hence 
they were not careful to follow up their 
victory to completion. The lodges, which 
were given time to bury their dead and 
wash themselves from their defilement, 
took advantage of their leniency. The 
reformers who had devoted their ener- 
gies to the destruction of the lodge saw 
other evils that needed redress. Human 
slavery in our own fair land, like the 
deadly upas, was exhaling its poisonous 
doctrines, and benumbing the conscience 
of the nation. Of course the foes of se- 
crecy stood ready to antagonize any and 
all evils. They had sown the seeds of 
truth which, as they supposed, had been 
the destruction of Masonry,- root and 
branch. AA'hile these reformers, during 
the forties and fifties, were resisting the 
encroachments of slavery, which culmi- 
nated in the Civil War, the live tailwrig- 
e;led the putrid body of ^Masonry into its 
hole, where it has since entrenched itself. 
Thus it was that while men slept an 
enemy sowed tares, making it necessary 
to re-do work which had already once 
been done. 

Then, as now, the results of a depraved 
nature were everywhere manifest. There 
were profligacy and overreaching in com- 
mercial transactions ; dishonesty and 
shameless chicanery practiced by politi- 
cians : there was the curse of the saloon 
and the brothel ; there was the same dis- 
regard then as now for the sanctity of the 
Sabbath : the married relation was trifled 
with ; the poor were oppressed by the 



November, 1904. 

rich ; courts and juries were purchasable ; 
there were combinations for controHing 
the markets ; churches stood appaUed at 
the wickedness within their own pre- 
cmcts ; there was corruption in munici- 
pal, State and Federal governments: in 
tine, his Satanic majesty everywhere held 
undisputed hio-h carnival, and yet the 
founders of the National Christian Asso- 
ciation chose to leave to others the refor- 
mation of these crying evils and once 
more addressed themselves to opposing 
the giant iniquity of sworn secrecy. 

The condition of Masonry, resurrected 
from what was supposed to be as good as 
dead, is most fittingly described by the 
Master in i\Iatt. II. 43, 44 and 45 : 

When the unclean spirit is gone out of a 
man, he walketh through dry places, seeking 
rest, and findeth none. Then he saith. I will 
return into my house from whence I came 
out; and when he is come, he findeth it 
empty, swept and garnished. Then goeth 
he, and taketh with himself seven other 
. spirits more wicked than liimself, and they 
enter in and dwell there; and the last state 
of that man is worse than the first. 
Even so was it with Masonry. During 
the two decades from 1830 to 1850, few 
had the effrontery to deny the truthful- 
ness of the expositions, then extant. Now, 
after the lapse of thirty years, with the 
. death of many witnesses, Masonry seem- 
ed tenfold more the child of hell than 
before. It virulently denied the truth of 
Morgan's revelations, and so specious 
were their arguments as to raise doubts 
once more in the minds of Christian peo- 

Such an exigency re-aroused radical 
antisecretists. Men familiar with the 
Morgan tragedy stripped for the fray, 
and addressed themselves to staying the 
further encroachments of Masonry. 

For years their labors were less effec- 
tive for lack of systematic concentration. 
Weeks and months, that lengthened into 
years, of prayerful deliberation eventu- 
ated in the formation of the National 
Christian Association in Pittsburg, Pa., 
in 1868. Veterans, grizzled by time and 
service, were its founders. 


Its object, though set forth in fuller 

and m.ore specific declaration, could be 

epitomized in one brief sentence — 


It, with its New England ally, is the only 

organization on either continent wholly 
devoted to antagonizing illicit secret or- 
ders. Its methods of warfare are chiefly 
the press and the platform. Alas ! that it 
must be confessed that the religious and 
secular press are so largely terrified or 
subsidized in the interests of the enemy, 
and that the voice from the pulpit is too- 
often muzzled. 

wage war against 
hybrid offspring re- 
courage, confidence, 
caution and common sense. These char- 
acteristics are not selected simply to com- 
plete an alliteration — they are indispensa- 
IdIc to success. Without strong convic- 
tion of the righteousness of antisecrecy,. 
with the courage to back these convic- 
tions, all our efforts will be in vain. I£ 

To successfully 
Masonry and its 
quir€S conviction, 



our cause be so just that we dare invoke 
the aid of the Almighty, we shall be in- 
vincible, and dare not doubt the ultimate 

There is scarce a reform to-day but 
that is water-logged and dead-weighted 
to the gunwales by certain" oyerzealous, 
unwise adherents. A rash, precipitant 
statement with reference to prohibition 
or antisecrecy, that cannot be abundantly 

November. 1904. 



verified, is but a formidable weapon 
placed in the hand of the enemy. It is 
not a matter of controversy that some re- 
forms have been killed outright, and that 
others have been crippled and retarded, 
by the unwisdom of their best friends. 

There are more than a score of relig- 
ious denominations who refuse to fellow- 
ship secrecy and bar their members from 
uniting with oath-bound orders. These 
denominations have their own literature, 
their own publishing houses and printing 
presses. Many of them, we are glad to 
say, are courageously outspoken in their 
denunciation of the evils of secrecy ; and 
yet all look to the National Christian As- 
sociation, at 221 West Madison street, 
Chicago, to supply the world with its 
antisecret literature. Here may be found 
the standard works on secret societies, 
numerous rituals, expositions, addresses, 
sermons, tracts, and, in fine, everything 
known to throw the X-ray of truth upon 
a subject sought to be kept in darkness. 

The Christian Cynosure. 

To keep abreast of current events, the 
fathers early discovered the necessity of 
some periodical through which to convey 
to the public truth and light respecting 
sworn secrecy. In i868 a publication 
called "Christian Cynosure" was started; 
first a fortnightly, then a weekly, and 
now a monthly magazine of goodly pro- 
portions. This publication continues to 
be the mouthpiece of the Association. It 
is the trumpet which everywhere heralds 
our undying opposition to unhallowed, 
oath-bound alliances. It is a publication 
which endeavors conscientiously and in- 
telligently to show its readers the true 
■character of oath-bound organizations, 
with their immoral, unchristian and un- 
patriotic tendencies, and to raise a warn- 
ing voice against them. It is upon the 
pages of this periodical that the Associa- 
tion registers its protests against an in- 
sidious system which substitutes a mon- 
grel of religions for Christianity, which 
offers dubious teachings for morality, and 
whose fealty to civil government may be 
fairly questioned. About sixty different 
writers, in our own and foreign lands, 
are now annual contributors to this mag- 

The Platform. 

The rostrum has ever been regarded 
:the co-ordinate factor with the press in 

conveying truth to the masses. Many 
a young man to-day owes his civil and 
industrial freedom to truthful warnings 
uttered from the lecture platform. 

The crying need of the Association is 
ability to multiply our field men. We 
require both men and money. We want 
young men who are looking for a noble 
future; men who will make opposition 
to secret societies their life work. Men 
who are superannuated, or who have 
failed in other undertakings, are not hkely 
to succeed in efforts to oppose secrecy. 
There is no heroism or nobility like that 
of espousing an unpopular truth. We 
need the brightest, the best, and the most 
promising young men who graduate from 
our colleges — graduates who have stood 
first in their classes and who would 
likely achieve success in any profession. 
For such young men the National Chris- 
tian Association is always on the alert. 
Give to us a score of these young men, 
and new life and hope w^ould be injected 
into the antisecret cause which would 
carry consternation and dismay into the 
ranks of our foes. 

The value of the National Christian 
Association's work may be best measured, 
not by the present number and condition 
of the societies it opposes, but by con- 
sidering what would be the condition of 
these organizations were all opposition 
withdrawn. If, with all the opposition of 
this Association, seconded by its many 
allies, lodges have multiplied on hilltop 
and in valley, what, we ask, would be 
their condition were these forces with- 
held for four months ? Remove the can- 
dlestick of this Association, as represent- 
ed through its printed literature and field 
workers, and the first effect will be to 
dispirit and paralyze the eft'orts of these 
testifying organizations which look to the 
National Christian Association to blaze 
the way and set the gage of battle. With- 
draw our lecturers — call in our literature 
- — cease the publication of lodge rituals, 
with their unhallowed mockeries — no 
longer expose cruel and murderous initia- 
tions — by our silence endorse sacrilegious 
use of parts of it — refuse to bear faith- 
ful testimony, in season and out of sea- 
son, by pen, press and pulpit, against the 
sin of secrecy — let the church and lodge 
have unrebuked bed fellowship ; — all this 



November, 1904. 

for live years, and secret orders and labor 
unions would become so reckless and 
defiant that the churches, now so indiffer- 
ent, would humbly petition the National 
Christian Association to renew their la- 
bors, with the assurance of both sympa- 
thetic and material support. 

This Association asks for a score of 
the nation's choicest young men, and 
ample means for their sustenance in the 


The Storj- of Fay Ch'i Hao. 


It was a glorious morning in mid- 
August of 1900. Before the gray walls 
surrounding the missionary dwellings in 
Fen Chou Fu, stood four carts — huge, 
ark-like vehicles, covered, like the old- 
time ''prairie schooners" of our own 
land, but with matting instead of can- 
vas, springless, with flat beds where the 
occupant sits Turkish fashion above tlie 
axle, belabored by the sides of the cart 
at each clumsy movement of its progress. 
On this occasion, however, the travelers 
took little thought of the discomforts of 
the journey, for they were fleeing for 
their lives. 

All summer, they had been in a state 
of siege, threatened daily and hourly 
with death, and cut off from all the 
\vorld outside their own blood-stained 
province of Shansi. At first, burying 
their weapons, they had calmly awaited 
death. Later, the men of the company 
said : 

'Tf we make no resistance, our ene- 
mies will kill us first and reserve the 
women for a worse fate ; but, if we fight, 
it may provoke them to kill us all quick- 
ly." So nightly, weapon in hand, they 
patrolled their grounds in expectation 
of attack. 

Now, however, the official order had 
come, bidding them leave the city and 
go to Tientsin, five hundred miles dis- 
tant, and promising them protection on 
the way. The extortion of a good part 
of the small sum raised for traveling ex- 
penses by the sale of some property, and 
the theft of a horse belongmg to one of 
the party, just as they were starting,' 

were ill omens for the success of the 
journey ; but as they passed the city 
walls and felt the fresh country air blow- 
ing on their cheeks, their spirits rose. In 
the party were ten foreigners — three 
men, four women and three little chil- 
dren — besides three faithful Chinese,, 
among them a lad of twentv, Fay Ch'i 

Bertha and Celia Atwater, the two lit- 
tle ones in the first cart, called to their 
friend Mr. Fay (Chinese usage, yoit 
know, places the surname first), "Please, 
won't you play with us?" and soon the 
three were absorbed in a diverting finger- 

Their elders were not less happy. ''We 
are traveling like grandees," said one^ 
"with our military escort." "Yes," said 
another, "and how gay the children look 
in their bright new uniforms." 

One of the ladies offered her umbrella. 
to the captain of the band, to shield him 
from the sun. A little treat of foreign 
candy was passed around, and a road- 
side melon-seller gave opportunity to ob- 
tain still more enjoyable refreshment. 
The haunting terror of two months was 

The children's play was interrupted by 
sleep, and the Chinese lad took his seat 
on the front of the cart. He saw^ that 
one of the soldiers kept his eyes on him 
with a peculiar expression. Once the- 
soldier addressed him with a pitying ex- 
clamation : "Alas for you — so very 
young!" Then the lad caught a fragment 
of conversation betw^een this soldier and. 
another. Said the former, as if remon- 
strating, "But he is our own country- 

The lad's suspicions Avere aroused. He 
slipped down from his seat and fell be- 
hind the cart. "Tell me," he said to the 
friendly soldier, "what your words 

Reluctantly came the answer: "In the 
village just ahead, the foreigners are to 
be killed. Give us all your valuables, and 
we will let you go." 

One by one the lad parted with his 
w^atch, boots, whip, and hat, casting, 
meantime, a last, despairing glance at 
his unconscious friends. They had often 
urged him to escape, and he knew that: 
his presence could do no more for them. 

November, 1904. 



He was turning away, when the sol- 
dier said, ''Wait awhile in the sorghum 
field here, and you will hear the pistol 
shot which will prove my words true."' 

Ch'i Hao fled towards the field, but 
heard pursuing footsteps. He turned in 
terror lest his enemies had repented their 

"We have done much for you in spar- 
ing your life," they said ; "you must give 
us all the money you have." 

*'But my home is five hundred miles 
away; how can I travel without money?" 

''If we killed you, would not all you 
have be ours ? Surely it is right for you 
to give something in return for vour 

The lad begged hard to retain a little 
money for the journey, and at last a tiny 
bit of silver was returned to him. 

As he turned again to flee, he heard 
not far off the pistol shot which was the 
signal for slaughter. The supposed 
friendly guard were treacherous assas- 
sins ! 

Ch'i Hao fled blindly at first, but pres- 
ently he was recalled to duty. "I must 
make my way to the coast," he thought, 
*'and send to the native land of my dear 
dead friends the news of their fate." 
Yet all the time, he hoped against hope 
that they might still be safe. At last, 
he resolved to return to Fen Chou Fu 
and learn the whole truth. 

On the way back, he stopped at an 
inn, where, as he waited for his dinner, 
he heard mirthful conversation. "Yes, 
all killed," said one ; "three men, four 
women, and three little devils." Then 
followed, in laughing voices, the ghastly 
and sickening details of the massacre. 

At that moment, Ch'i Flao's dinner 
was set before him. "Had the Emperor 
placed before me the choicest viands 
from his own table," says the lad in 
telling his story, 'T could not have eaten. 
I paced the court, trying to suppress all 
signs of my grief." 

An old waiter passed and said, "Young 
guest, why do you not eat?" 

"I have a bad headache," was the an- 
swer. This was doubtless true ; but far 
more painful was the hopeless heartache, 
of which he dared not speak. 

Returning to Fen Chou Fu, he was 
hailed by his few surviving friends as 

one raised from the dead. He learned 
from them fuller particulars of the 
martyrs' death, and obtained from them 
some trifling assistance for his long jour- 
ney. Hoping to get more, he visited the 
wealthy home of his college friend, Mr. 
K'ung, in T'ai Ku. His friend was in 
hiding with his father; and the uncle 
who received Ch'i Hao, coldly advised 
him to abandon the delusions of the for- 
eigners and return to the ways of his 
fathers. In response to the lad's earnest 
appeal for assistance, he was given a few 
bits of silver and a much worn garment. 

The events of his two-weeks' journey 
on foot to the coast are told in his own 
graphic language in Miss Miner's "Two 
Heroes of Cathay." His feet became 
blistered and sore. Often he traveled all 
day without food, because he had not a 
cash to spare ; and at night he would lay 
his aching body down on the hard brick 
sleeping-platform of some inn, reeking 
with opium fumes and swarming with 
vermin. Once, early in the journey, he 
approached a man whose tight-fitting 
garments seemed to indicate a connection 
with foreigners. The stranger proved to 
be a Shanghai man, in charge of the tele- 
graph. In vehement language, he de- 
nounced the native Christians, declar- 
ing that they deserved all they had suf- 
fered, for their obdurate folly in going 
after the false and mischievous teachings 
of the foreigners. W^hen Ch'i Hao, who 
had been careful not to betray himself, 
screwed up courage to ask a little aid 
for his journey, he was repulsed with bit- 
ter scorn. . "It w^as my first experience 
as a beggar," says the lad, "and very 
hard indeed I found it." 

Once, as he lay sleeping, a thief tried 
to rob him of his little string of cash — 
worth only a few cents of our money. 
Ch'i Hao thought, somewhat bitterly, 
how often he had traveled before, well 
clad, well fed, and with plenty of money, 
and no one had attempted to molest him. ; 
while now^ that he was friendless, rag- 
ged, and half starved, every man's hand 
seemed against him. One bit of cheer, 
however, came to him on his way. Reach- 
ing Cheng Ting Fu, he found two escap- 
ed Protestant missionaries, who had 
found refuge in the Catholic cathedral. 
Strangers till that moment, thev never- 



November, 1904. 

theless welcomed and cheered him in his 
sore distress, and begged from the kind 
bishop twenty-five cents to help him on 
liis way. Later he learned that each day 
thereafter they followed him with then- 
prayers; and to these prayers he attri- 
butes his safe arrival at his journey's 

When he reached Tientsin, he was in 
even greater danger from the foreign 
soldiers, who were in possession of the 
city, than he had before been from the 
Boxers. Two things saved him; his 
slight knowledge of English, and a tiny 
strip of blue cloth, on which one of his 
martyred friends had written, only a few 
hours before his death, "This man is 
trustworthy. He will tell you of our 
fate. C. W. Price." This bit of cloth 
Ch'i Hao had concealed upon his person, 
when a letter would have been sure of 
discovery, and discovery meant death — 
as his loved missionary friend, thought- 
ful of him to the last, well knew. 

In Tientsin Ch'i Hao met friends, but 
learned no news of his home and family. 
Accordingly, he pushed unwearingly on. 
In the service of a brutal English major 
—for the lad dared not travel alone 
through that lawless region — he set out 
for his old home, still eighty miles dis- 
tant in the direction of Peking. All 
through his painful and dangerous jour- 
ney, through nights when he had been 
shelterless and sleepless from cold, he 
had been buoyed up by the hope of see- 
ing his parents, whose Benjamin he was, 
and between whom and himself there 
was a depth • of mutual love inconceiv- 
able by those who believe the Chinese 
hard and unfeeling. When he reached 
his native village, he found his father's 
house in ashes, and learned from his old- 
er brother how their parents had been 
sent to their death by Boxer persecu- 
tion. Throwing himself down among 
the ashes of his ruined home, the lad 
prayed that he, too, might die. Besides 
his parents, he had lost a sister with her 
husband and infant child, slain by the 
Boxers in the province from which he 
had just escaped. 

Even when he reached Peking, where 
he was welcomed with words of love and 
comfort by his teachers and friends who 
had been so wonderfully delivered from 
the siege, his grief was so great that for 

days he was blind because of the many 
tears he shed. No word of consolation 
seemed to reach his broken heart. At 
last, some one repeated to him the words 
of David over his dead child: 'T shall 
go to him, but he shall not return to 
me." The thought of the coming re- 
union brought a faint ray of hope ; but 
daily he rose with the thought, "How 
can I bear another day? when will it 
all be over ?" and nightly, as he lay down 
to rest, he sighed, "Oh, if this night 
might be my last !" 

In the following spring, he went with 
friends to Japan ; and a few months later 
accompanied his college mate, Mr. 
K'ung, tf> America. After more than a 
year of waiting, due to our cruel and 
unjust laws, they were permitted to come 
to Oberlin, the goal of their hopes, where 
with strength and courage renewed, they 
are now studying. Wrestling with their 
hard studies in a language still only part- 
ly learned, they are sustained by the pur- 
pose of returning some day to serve their 
beloved native land, and the Master who 
wrought their wonderful deliverance. 


Narrow Kscape from Death of a Schoolboy of 
1 1 Years. 

(By the Associated Press.) 

New York, Sept. 29. — Young boys at- 
tending the public schools at Flushing, 
L. I., have taken part in a hazing which 
narrowly missed causing the death of 
Plerbert Howe, 11 years old. The lad 
was captured on his way to school by a 
band of larger schoolmates. They bound 
him with ropes, bandaged his eyes and 
mouth, marched him half a mile and 
threw him into an abandoned well. 

When Howe failed to come home his 
mother notified the police. Search was 
at once instituted. The missing lad's 
seven-year-old brother furnished a clew 
and the detectives finally located the boy 
in an old well, distant from any house 
and concealed by underbrush. He had 
been in the same position ten hours, but 
was not seriously injured. — The Daily 
News, Sept. 29. 

Many a parent has entered the gates of 
pearl because the hand of a little child 
was on the latch. 

November. 1904. 



"Masonry does not deal with the per- 
version of things, but is only illustrati^■e 
of the regenerate man." ''A lodge in 
general signifies heaven, or the dwelling 
place of the Lord, and includes all on 
earth who are being truly prepared for 
heaven." "Each man who is about to 
be regenerated is led by his guardian 
angel to the door of the lodge, of which 
it is said, 'Seek and ye shall find, knock 
and it shall be opened.' " "Regeneration, 
or Masonry, proceeds in progressive or- 
der, states or degrees." "Man cannot 
work or correct the irregularities of life 
until he is clothed with innocence, or the 
badge of a Mason." "He then becomes 
a divine spiritual man or ^lason." 

— "Masonic Trowel." by L. E. Reynolds, r. M. 
and P. H. P., Chicago, 1870. I'ai^es 101, 131, 
188, 214. 219, 237. 

"By and through this (Masonic love) 
can the citizen acquire true patriotism, 

and the pious man true religion. Ma- 
sonry can and will educate her children 
to that higher morality of citizens of the 
world, which indeed includes within itself 
the lower morality of citizens of States, 
but in its perfected and ennobled form, 
freed from all the prejudices, the disad- 
vantages to which we have referred. She 
can and will educate the pious man to 
that higher religion — 'that religion in 
which all men can agree' — whicli indeed 
embraces the lower religion of creeds 
and sects." 

— See "The Ori<iin and Early History of Ma- 
sonry," by G. W. Steinbrenner, Past Master. 

"The lodge is, then, at the tinie of the 
reception of an Entered Apprenti:c, h 
symbol of the world, and the initiation 
is a type of the new life upon which the 
candidate is about to enter." 

— Mackey's Ritualist, page 22. 



November, 1904. 



The human method is for a number of 
men to unite in the selection of some 
man for King, or chief presiding officer ; 
but the Divine method is for the King 
to select his subjects. 

Christ tells Pilate about his kingdom 
and kingship in the following interview : 
Then Pilate entered into the judgment 
hall again, and called Jesus, and said 
unto him : Art thou the King of the 
Jews ? 

Jesus : Sayest thou this thing of 
thyself, or did others tell it thee of me? 

Pilate : Am 1 a Jew ? Thine own nation 
and the chief priests have delivered thee 
unto me : what has thou done ? 

Jesus : IVly kingdom is not of this 
world : if my kingdom were of this world, 
then would my servants fight, that I 
should not be delivered to the Jews ; but 
now is my kingdom not from hence. 

Pilate : x\rt thou a king then ? 

Jesus: Thou sayest that I am 
a king. To this end was I born, 
and for this cause came I into the 
world, that I should bear witness unto 
the truth. Every one that is of the 
truth heareth my voice. 

Pilate : What is truth ? And when he 
had said this, he went out again unto 
the Jews, and saith unto them, I find in 
him no fault at all." John 18:33-38. 

The King in waiting began to upbraid 
the cities of Chorazin, Bethsaida and 
Capernaum by comparing the two form- 
er to Tyre and Sidon, and Capernaum 
to Sodom and then said it would be more 
tolerable for these latter cities in the day 
of judgment than for the cities he had 
first mentioned, and those of Judea. 

*'At that time Jesus answered and 
said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of 
heaven and earth, because thou hast hid 
these things from the wise and prudent 
and hast revealed them unto babes. 
Even so Father ; for so it seemed good 
in thy sight. All things are delivered 
unto me of my Father: and no man 
knoweth the Son, but the Father ; neither 
knoweth any man the Father save the 
Son, and he to whomsoever the Son will 
reveal him." Matt. 11:25-27. 

''AH that the Father giveth me shall 

come to me : and him that cometh to 
me I will in no wise cast out. For I 
came down from heaven, not to do mine 
own will, but the will of him that sent 
me. And this is the Father's will which 
hath sent me, that of all which he hath 
given me I should lose nothing, but 
should raise it up again at the last day. 
And this is the will of him that sent me, 
that every one that seeth the Son, and 
believeth on him, may have everlasting 
life: and I will raise him up at the last 
day. The Jews murmured at him be- 
cause he said, I am the bread that came 
down from heaven. Jesus said, Murmur 
not among yourselves. No man can 
come to me, except the Father which 
hath sent me draw him : and I will raise 
him up at the last day." John 6:37-44. 
In the prayer which Jesus taught his 
disciples he says : "Thy Kingdom come. 
Thy will be done in earth, as it is in 
heaven." Matt. 6:10. This shows the 
kind of kingdom God will set up on this 
earth. And then he says. For thine is the 
kingdom, and the power, and the glory, 
forever. Amen. 

When will this kingdom be set up? 
"When the Son of, man shall come in his 
glory, and* all the holy angels with him, 
then shall he sit upon the throne of his 
glory: and before him shall be gathered 
all nations : and he shall separate them 
one from another, as a shepherd divideth 
his sheep from the goats : and he shall 
set the sheep on his right hand, but the 
goats on the left." Matt. 25:31-33. 

'Tf in this life only we have hope in 
Christ, we are of all men most miserable. 
But now is Christ risen from the dead, 
and become the firstfruits of them that 
slept. For since by man came death, 
by man came also the resurrection of the 
dead: for as in Adam all die, even so in 
Christ shall all be made alive ; but every 
man in his own order: Christ the first 
fruits; afterward they that are Christ's 
at his coming: then cometh the end, 
when he shall have delivered up the 
kingdom to God, even the Father ; when 
he shall have put down all rule, and all 
authority and power. For he must reign 
till he hath put all enemies under his 
feet. The last enemy that shall be de- 
stroyed is death." L Cor. 15:19-26. 
"The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou 

November, 1904. 



at my right hand, until I make thine ene- 
mies thy footstool." Ps. iio:i. 'The 
like figure whereunto even baptism dorli 
also now save us, (not the putting away 
of the filth of the fiesli, but the answer 
of a good conscience tovs'ard God) bv 
the resurrection of Jesus Christ : who is 
gone into heaven, and is on the right 
hand of God ; angels and authorities and 
powers being made subject unto him.'' 
1. Peter 3 :2i, 22. 

Reader, has God selected you for his 


From One Who Helped Organize the N. C. A., 
at Aurora, 111. and Pittsbur«j:, Pa., in 1S68. 

]\Ieriden, Xew Hampshire, Oct. 4, 1904. 

]\Iy Dear ^h. Phillips — Your sugges- 
tion of a letter from me for the Cyno- 
sure is too cordial, and offers too good 
an opportunity, to be treated lightly. But 
I feel a good deal of embarrassment in 
coming before your readers, because for 
so long time I have been such a stranger 
to those Vv"ho are responsible for main- 
taining the X. C. A. movement. This 
fact, in the face of your suggestion, has 
caused m.e to review my connection with 
this movement — and my many failures 
to connect with it during these years. I 
"have also submitted to a somewhat care- 
ful self-examination, that I may know, 
whether others know or not, where I am 
on the vital truths for which the X". C. 
A. stands. I do not confess to any back- 
sliding, but I cannot say that I have 
been equal to my opportunities in for- 
warding the movement as such. Perhaps 
this information concerning myself may 
be a suggestion to others whose experi- 
ences have been similar to my own. 

^ly work has led me to emphasize the 
constructive side of Christian move- 
ments. I was once a candidate for the 
Legislature of Ilhnois on the Prohibi- 
tion ticket. But receiving a call to do 
home missionary work in Utah I resign- 
ed before election. The work in Utah 
was directly to rid our country of the 
curses of an eff"ete religion which by 
some Satanic influence had been brought 
from the decaying ruins of an arrested 
semi-civilization of the old world and 
planted in the fertile soil of this land of 
religious liberty. Our part of the work 

was to be done by means of Christian 
churches and schools which should give 
to the people the light of heaven and the 
life of God. There wei*e those in Utah 
whose motto seemed to be "anything to 
down the ]\Iormons." In a movement to 
"down the ]\Iormons" in a political cam- 
paign the leaders resorted to certain 
measures which they had reason to be- 
lieve would not meet the approval of the 
Christian ministers whose help in voting 
was very much needed at the election. 
A meeting of the ministers of the town 
was called and was addressed by a man 
sent for the purpose of making sure of 
the votes of the ministers at the coming 
election. \\'hen it became necessary fo)* 
this man to meet the suggestions of 
"crooked"' methods on the part of the 
party which he represented,- he did not 
deny that such measures might be adopt- 
ed, but defended the course of his party 
by saying "we must fight the devil with 
fire." \Adien it was suggested that water 
might be a better weapon considering 
the abundance of fire and the lack of 
water supposed to be at the disposal of 
his Satanic majesty the remark passed 
for a joke, and the informal discussion 
went on. 

There came a time when I saw quite 
clearly that what was needed in Utah 
was conservative opposition to sin. I did 
not see then as clearly as I see now 
how to organize such a moA'ement. I 
was not a commissioned leader but a 
commissioned subordinate. And I have 
a profound and reverent conviction that 
in the army of the Lord as in any other 
army, our responsibilities are according 
to our rank. \Miat is said in the scrip- 
tures about those who are called being 
servants will bear very careful study as 
well as courageous application. Li the 
severest of the struggle in Utah I felt 
that what we needed was courageous 
backing by the home churches, and by 
the outside States and the nation in the 
matter of secular government. 

Two Dangers. 

In any movement for the betterment 
of any class of people or the world in 
any way two dangers are to be avoided. 
Some in their zeal against the evil to be 
eradicated are satisfied with vigorous op- 
position to it, and, forgetting to build. 



November, 1904. 

give themselves only to the work of tear- 
ing down. Others with a different turn 
give themselves to only a work of con- 
struction and attempt to build the new 
house where the old one stood without 
removing the old one. Either error is 
fatal. Neither is ever necessary. In 
Utah the particular form of evil which 
aroused the nation and the churches of 
the country to attempt to provide a 
remedy was Mormonism. The churches 
began well in sending' missionaries for 
the purpose of establishing Christian in- 
stitutions. They were not equal to the 
necessities of the case on the side of op- 
position, for they did not oppose/ as they 
ought, many other forms of evil which 
crowded into that territory, and which 
became a help to Mormonism by divid- 
ing the forces which had gone there to 
oppose it. The same thing was true of 
the nation. Had the nation done its duty 
there would be now no contest over a 
!\Iormon senator. 

The X. C. A. as an organization, is 
well adapted to any movement of con- 
structiA'e opposition. It is "anti'' every- 
thing that is wrong, it is ''pro" every- 
thing that is good and helpful. It is 
just such an organization as is needed 
at the front now. The problenis in the 
South call for constructive opposition, 
something that will do along political 
and industrial lines what the A. I\I. A. 
and other similar organizations are do- 
ing along religious lines, establish Chris- 
tian institutions opposed to any limita- 
tion of them by caste prejudices. The in- 
dustrial situation is ripe for a similar 
movement, something that will give to 
the country constructive organizations 
opposed to destructive methods. 

I have put my thoughts in this per- 
sonal way because it suits best the pres- 
ent purpose. But they are not criticisms. 
They are hardly suggestions ; for I am 
not the one to suggest to those of whose 
movements I am but partially informed. 
I am writing out of my own heart, from 
my own experiences, and from convic- 
tions which I am trying to make effi- 
cient for the good of those for whom 
I may have some responsibility or op- 
portunities. Those who serve and help 
the weak must oppose the strong who 
neglect the weak. To do any construc- 

tive work for the weak of earth we must 
oppose spiritual wickedness in high 

This is a bright October day, and our 
New Hampshire hills are a blaze of 
glory reminding one of the Burning 
Bush which I\Ioses saw. If we, like him, 
are led to where we may hear the voice 
of God, and receive a divine commis- 
sion, may we also like him be filled and 
crowned with that Spirit which shall 
make us equal to our opportunities and 

How little our lives are what at their 
beginnings we plan for them. Once I 
made a timid application for the position 
of editor of the Cynosure, but it was put 
into better hands, and has been in better 
hands from the beginning, and I am glad 
of it. But the inspiration and the con- 
victions which 1 received at those first 
meetings in Aurora, 111., and in Pitts- 
burgh, Pa., have made me a better and a 
stronger man than I could have been 
except for those experiences. I am glad 
to stop in the pressure of my work long^ 
enough to make my bow to the readers 
of the Cynosure, and to enjoy the fra- 
grance of aiemory -and the pleasure of 
your present kindness. Faithfully yours^ 
Amos Judson Bailey. 


Scliool Committee at Fall River to Hear 
About Its Depredations, AVliich Caused Jan- 
itor's Suicide. 

(Special Dispatch to the Boston Herald.) 
Fall River. Aug. 30, 1904. — At a meetings 
of the school committee to-night the matter 
of "The Terrible Nine'' came up and it was 
decided that the members should be given 
a hearing on Friday night before the full 
board and Principal George F. Pope, of the 
B. M. C. Durfee high school. "The Terrible 
Nine"' was a secret society at the school, 
the members of which committed varions 
depredations there. Their actions culminat- 
ed in the profuse decoration of the buildings 
with green paint. The members of the so- 
ciety were soon located, but action on the 
matter was postponed owing to arrange- 
ments made by Principal Pope for a Euro- 
pean trip. 

The head janitor of the school the ven- 
erable Peleg Borden, who had been in charge 
of the building, was much worried over the 
actions of the gang, and a fe\^^ weeks ago 
committed suicide in the basement of the 
school by shooting. 

These boys have good reason forever 

November. 10<?4. 



to detest the secret system into which 
they were early drawn, and lurking with- 
in which tliey have found a bitter mem- 
ory to haunt their lifetime. 


The strikes in our primarv^ and gram- 
mar schools and the fraternities in our 
high schools are simply attempts of chil- 
dren to ape the faults of their elders. 

We desire to call attention to ''A Plea 
for the High School" in the October is- 
sue and "Employers' and Employes* Xet 
Proceeds" found on page 139 in the 
September number. They are worth re- 

Before our Boards of Education have 
gone far in their eitorts to suppress 
clandestine associations in our high 
schools they will discover that the off- 
spring are only following in the foot- 
steps of their parents. This is a case 
where we believe the boys should be de- 
prived of the privilege of doing as their 
fathers do. 

When Bishop Potter was consecrated 
to the office which he now holds he was 
asked, '"Will you show yourself in all 
things an example of good works unto 
others, that the adversary may be 
ashamed, having nothing to say against 
you ?"' He answered, 'T will so do, the 
Lord being my helper." This oath has 
rested verv lio^htlv on him. 

The Masons of the United States are 
fond of treating the public to pictures of 
\\'ashington. rigged out in ^lasonic re- 
galia, standing upon a mosaic or tesse- 
lated pavement, amidst ^Masonic symbols : 
though it is evident from Washington's 
own testimony that he cared but little for 
the ^lasonic organization and never pre- 
sided aver any Masonic lodge. As everv 
truth is consistent with every other truth, 
so a falseliood is liable to be inconsistent 
with every other falsehood. Attention is 
called to our editorial, "Washington an 
Honorary ]^Iember,*' as an illustration of 
the difficulties which Masons encounter 
in making history "out of their own 

Our German readers will be interested 
in a recent publication under the auspices 
of the Buffalo (X. Y.) Lutheran Synod. 
"The Modern Lodge'' is pYinted in Ger- 
man, and is 5x6^2 inches, and contains 
sixty-eight pages, with cover. It lays the 
foundation by a treatment of Freema- 
sonry, as to what it is and what its re- 
ligion is. but deals also with other orders, 
the Oddfellows, L'nited Workmen, For- 
esters, Modern Woodmen, etc. It has a 
verv- pleasing notice of the work of the 
National Christian Association. We hope 
the booklet may have a wide circulation. 
Price, postpaid, 20 cents. Address, T. H. 
Paasch, 184 GoodelL street, Buft'alo, X. Y. 

A\'e vrish to thank our readers who 
have been supplying us with means to 
send the Cynosure and tracts for free 
distribution. Over two thousand Cyno- 
sures are sent out in this way every 
month in the year. Some one may be 
willing to aid a pastor in Alabama, who 
writes: "I have received a copy of the 
Christian Cynosure, and am well pleased 
with it. I would be ver}- glad to become 
a regular reader, and also wish I was 
able to get 'Freemasonr\- Illustrated,^ 
but I am too poor to take them. I am 
a Baptist minister, and my preaching 
m.ust go free, and I must work hard for 
my bread and meat.'' Two dollars would 
supply this brother with tlie literature 
which he needs 

In the October Cynosure appeared a 
free advertisemicnt of the St. Louis 
Young ]\Ien's Christian Association 
World's Fair Bureau. We found the ac- 
commodations very unsatisfactory ; and 
we insert this note that no one may be 
farther deceived bv the October notice. 


\\'e invite any subscriber to the Cyno- 
sure who wishes to secure special rates 
on other magazines in connection with 
his subscription to the Cynosure, to write 
us for terms. We will secure the best 
possible terms for any of our subscribers. 

Faith and hope are fagots which the 
Holy Spirit uses to kindle Christian en^ 



November, 1904. 

At the last meeting of the Board of 
Directors of the National Christian Asso- 
ciation, Rev. C. B. Ward, of Secunder- 
abad, India, was recommended for mem- 
bership in the corporate body of the as- 
sociation. Below we republish an item 
from Brother ^^^ard's magazine, "The 
Pauline ^Mission ^Message," of last Au- 
gust, on Dr. Blanchard and his recent 
work. "^Modern Secret Societies." He 
calls the book ''the sweetest spirited, yet 
the most scathing, arraignment of oath- 
bound secrecy yet published." 

The sympathy of our readers will go 
out to Brother and Sister Ward in the 
sudden and sad bereavement which came 
to them in the death of their daughter 
Huth from cholera. She was away from 
home, doing missionary work, when the 
sudden and unexpected summons came. 
A\'e print the following, in hope that it 
may comfort and cheer our friends : 

"Unforeseen, as a bolt falls from tlie blue 
sky, the evil was upon thee. We Avere van- 
quished. To feel that thou art in God's 
hands, as the iiving* are, too, this is our 
final refuge in onr grief. God guard us in 
it, increase our trust for the days to come, 
and preserve it to the last hour. Dear one, 
;gone before thy time from our arms, where 
thou wast and art so beloved, thy empty 
place will cause us many tears. But how 
4?weet the memory! Thou hast sown with 
rays of white light the pathway to the 
grave, and left at the gates of death a 
^leam as of the dawn. God give us to 
remember thee- when we must suffer and 
pass on! Thou hast not lived for nothing. 
Thou wilt remain living and active among 
Tis till the day when we find one another 
iigain in the invisible Avorld of which all 
visible form is but the far-off symbol." 

The ''New York Weekly Witness" had 
a correspondent who asked: "Are the 
Mormon oaths exacted in the Endow- 
ment House any more fearful than those 
exacted in any Masonic Lodge that may 
be found in almost any village of our 
land? Wliy do the "Witness" and many 
other good papers decry the oaths of 
Mormonism so severely,- and scarcely, or 
■n.ever, have a word to say against lodg- 
ism with its home- and soul-destroying 
influences?" To this the editor the 
"'Weekly Witness" replies : 

"How can we know the nature of the 
oaths taken by Masons or by the members 
of other secret societies without joining 
the society in question to find out? and 
how can we pass judgment on the nature 

of these oaths without knowing what 
they are?" 

W^e are quite sure that if the late 
John Dougall, founder of the "Weekly 
Witness," had still been at the editorial 
helm of that paper, a very difiierent an- 
swer would have been given. 

It hardly seems possible that a New 
York City editor can be ignorant of the 
fact that Masonic oaths have been proven 
in court and are published in the laws of 
New York State. Wq. wish to refer the 
editor of the "W^itness" to the thirteenth 
volume, pages 9 to 26, of Wendell's Px- 
port of New York State for the printed 
oaths and obligations of Freemasonry. It 
is noted of the editor that he does not 
say he does not know what these oaths 
are, but it is to be so inferred. We also 
Vv^ish to refer him to "Hon. John Quincy 
Adams' Letters on the Nature of Ma- 
sonic Oaths, Obligations and Penalties," 
which can be found in many public libra- 
ries. A well-known evangelist and busi- 
ness man of New York City, Stephen 
Merritt, will undoubtedly be pleased to 
give the editor further information, if 
he desires it, as he was once Master of 
the largest Masonirc lodge in New York 
City, but is now numbered with scores 
of others who have for Christ's sake re- 
nounced Masonry and are not afraid to 
declare what those oaths and obligations 


Its business and objects shall be to ex- 
pose, withstand and remove secret so- 
cieties. Freemasonry in particular, and 
other anti-Christian movements, in order 
to save the churches of Christ from be- 
ing depraved, to redeem the administra- 
tion of justice from perversion and our 

republican government from corruption. 
—From Certificate of Incorporation, 1874. 

The man who will go through a forest 
without observing the trees will go 
through life without finding an oppor- 

Human nature is like water, once start- 
ed on the downward way it will, if un- 
restrained, seek the lowest level before 
it stops. 

November, 1904. 





Til 2 Watchman, a leading- Baptist or- 
gan, ii!iquestionably relied in good faith 
•on trusted information, when, a few 
months ago, it published an article end- 
ing with this paragraph : 

"Washington was born February 22, 1732, 
initiated an Entered Apprentice Mason in 
Fredrick sbnr;^- Lodge, No. 4, Virginia, Nov- 
ember 4, 1752. March 3, 1753, passed to the 
degree of Fellowship and on August 4, 1753, 
was raised to the sublime degree of Master 
Mason in due and ancient form. On the 
28th of April, 1781, he was appointed Master 
•of Alexandria Lodge, No. 39, by the Grand 
Master, Edmund Randolph, Governor of Vir- 
ginia, and remained an active member of 
that Lodge until his death, which occurred 
December 14, 1799." 

It is true that AVashington was ini- 
tiated at twenty years of age, but the 
last sentence contains statements which 
Masonic authorities might not concur in 

Edmund Randolph was Grand blaster 
of Virginia jurisdiction ; — but Alexan- 
dria subordinate lodge was No. 39, Penn- 

Washington is here said to have been 
an active member of "that lodge" from 
April 28, 1781, to Dec. 14, 1799: — but 
Alexandria, No. 39, Pennsylvania, ceased 
to exist Jan. 20, 1789, almost eleven years 
TDefore Washington died. 

He is said to have remained an "ac- 
tive" member* from April 28, 1781, — but 
a lodge entry dated June 24, 1784, more 
than three years later, records his be- 
ing admitted as "honorary" member. 

He is here alleged to have been a 
member of Alexandria, No. 39, Pennsyl- 
vania, nearly a score of years : — but when 
he died, aged 6y, it w-as Fredricksburg, 
No. 4, Virginia, that reported his death to 
the Grand Lodge, as if his membership 
had never been transferred from where 
Tie went through what he called "child's 
play," when hardly more than a boy. 

Finally, in 1798 he denied presiding 
over any lodge, though reputed Grand 
Master of America ; and denied havino- 
been .in a lodee more than once or twice, 
later than 1768. 

Some men are like clothes pins, thev 
perform their best service when their 
mouths are shut. 

Modesty seems to l^e a characteristic 
of all our directors. They furnish with 
reluctance a photograph from which is 
made a half-tone, and 
seem to think it a viola- 
tion of the rules of pro- 
priety to give the facts 
for their life sketch. 
For a more complete 
and extended history 
of ^Ir. Mori son the 
reader is referred to 
the Rev. W. H. Dan- 
iels' Life of D. L. Moody, page 214. 

It is known that he was born in the 
Highlands of Scotland in the year 1844. 
His knowledge of catechism and his 
Scotch orthodoxy will scarce be ques- 
tioned wdien he says, "The devil was in 
me from the beginning." He ran away 
from home in his early boyhood, and 
went to sea. The sea has always been 
the devil's stronghold for the ruination 
of young men and boys. It would be dif- 
ficult to tell where this lad did not go 
during his sailor period. 

On hearing of the great Chicago fire, 
and being desirous of seeing the ruins, 
he set sail for American shores ; and ar- 
rived in devasted Chicago in the early 
seventies. As is customary, he made sa- 
loon boarding-houses his home and their 
inmates his companions. Drinking, smok- 
ing and profanity were not the only vices 
to which he was addicted. 

It was w^hile Mr. Moody was preach- 
ing in that hastily improvised tabernacle 
at the corner of Ontario and ^^'ells 
streets that Captain IMorison and the 
evangelist first met. It was through ihe 
truth presented by ]\Ir. Moody that ]\Ior- 
ison was converted, from the crown of 
his head to the soles of his feet. \A'cre 
he himself preparing this sketch, he 
would give the time, even to the very 
liour, wdien old Morison died and new 
Morison commenced living. So thorough 
has been tlie conversion that in all these 
thirty subsequent years there have been 
no backslidings. For thirty years he has 
been a consistent member of Chicago 
Avenue (I\Ioody's) Church, and most of 
this time one of its official members. 

There are a few cardinal truths that 
:\Ir. Morison KNOWS. He KNOWS 



November, 1904. 

that he was a poor, lost sinner, and that 
he is forever saved by the grace of God 
through His SON Jesus Christ. He 
KNOWS tiiere is no other way under 
heaven given among men whereby any 
one can be saved except through Christ. 
He hates shams and hypocrisies. He 
KNOWS Christ is the only door, and 
that those who would climb up some 
other way into the fold are thieves and 
robbers. It is mainly for this reason that 
he is opposed to the whole brood of secret 
orders, who look to their good works 
for salvation. Mr. IMorison is prominent 
in all the activities of Chicago Avenue 
Church, including its street preaching 
and yoke-fellow work ; and, during the 
recent absence of Mr. Jacoby, he was 
called upon to do much of the pastor's 
work. The Moody Church is wealthy in 
young men, and Mr. Morison is counsel- 
ing them to give all secret societies a wide 


\\". C. Brown, vice president of the 
Vanderbilt lines, confirmed the report 
that the running of Sunday excursions 
on the Lake Erie & Western" has been 

He said : "I have always been opposed 
to running Sunday excursions, for sev- 
eral reasons. To begin with, they do not 
pay financially. I have always held that 
a railroad company has no right to take 
hundreds of the scum from a big city 
and dump them at the front door of resi- 
dents in the small towns, spoiling the 
quiet environment which thousands have 
in the Sabbath day. 

"Neither does a railroad have the right 
to take hundreds of young couples away 
from the influences of the home and send 
them where the influences are anything 
but good, 

"1 am also opposed to the greed dis- 
played vvhen a railroad takes scores of 
w^orn-out, weak, shell-like coaches and 
loads them from end to end, thereby sub- 
jecting many people to the dangers of a 
terrific wTeck for the exceedingly small 
profit there is in it." 

A canvass of the local railroads dis- 
closed the fact that many management^ 

would like to follow the example of Mr. 

It is said that a strong minority is in 
favor of the abolition of Sunday excur- 
sions on the N. Y. C. & H. R.' system. 
Will secret orders still be able to obtaim 
exceptions ? 


When John Quincy Adams was min- 
ister to the court of Holland, he joined 
a society of learned men, who met once 
a week for mutual improvement. Mr. 
Adams, though one of the youngest 
members, soon became a great favorite ;; 
his finely trained mind and delightful 
conversation won him rnany friends and, 
receiving as much as he gave, he was 
always punctually present. 

On one occasion, however, as the story 
runs, the meeting was adjourned to Sun- 
day evening. Mr. Adams was not there. 
His fellow-members noticed and regret- 
ted his absence. On the third Sunday 
evening it met.. Mr. Adams' chair was- 
still vacant. Many were surprised that 
he who formerly was so prompt and 
punctual shoyld thus suddenly break off. 
How did it happen? The press of busi- 
ness, it was supposed, kept himi away. 

At last the meetings were returned to 
a week-day evening, and lo ! there was- 
Mr. Adams in his place, as brilliant and 
delightful as ever. Thcvmembers wel- 
comed him back and expressed their 
sorrow that press of business, or the du- 
ties of his office should so long have de- 
prived them of his company. Did he let 
that go for the reason? 

"No business engagements hindered 
me," replied he ; " You met on the Lord's 
day; that is a day devoted to religious 
uses by me." 

Lie told them that he had been brought 
up in a land where the Sabbath was 
strictly observed ; and from all that he 
had felt and seen he was convinced of 
the unspeakable advantages arising from' 
a faithful observance of it. 

John Quincy Adams' example of moral 
courage is a safe one to foflow. How 
many youths, going from pious homes 
to the cities, to the far west, On the sea 
and land, are thrown among Sabbath- 
breakers — reckless Sabbath-breakers 

November, 1004. 



and respectable Sabbath-breakers — be- 
fore whom they fail to stand up for their 
Sabbath education. 

—Richmond Advocate. 

This statesman was also one of the 
strongest opponents Freemasonry ever 


[Editor's Note: It will give our readers pleas- 
ure to see the face of one of the oldest friends 
and helpers of the Association who is still living 
.and bearing testimony. We are glad to be able 
to present the following short sketch of a very 
busy and useful life.] 

Rev. William Wishart is a minister of 
the United Presbyterian denomination. 
He spent his early years on his father's 
farm in Belmont County, Ohio, and was 
accustomed to hard work and plain liv- 
ing. Having a great desire for an edu- 
cation, he entered Madison College, in 
Guernsey County, Ohio, and was grad- 
uated in 1842. He studied theology in 
Canonsburg, Pa., in the Associate Sem- 
inary (now the U. P. Seminary in Xenia, 
Ohio), which was then located in that 
place. He completed his theological 
course in the spring of 1846, and after la- 
boring as a missionary for a year in the 

State of ^Michigan he accepted a call 
from the congregation of Unity, near 
Xew Athens, Harrison County, Ohio. He 
was ordained to the woii: of the minis- 
try and installed as pastor of this con- 
gregation in the summer of 1847. His 
predecessor in this congregation was Rev. 
John Walker, who was well known and 
distmguished as a great reformer. He 
was one of those men who abhor a time- 
servmg policy. He was never ashamed 
nor afraid to show his colors in anv con- 
flict between truth and error or right and 
wrong. He boldly preached against 
slavery. Freemasonry and intemperance 
while the other ministers remained silent. 
And Mr. Wishart was like-minded with 
his predecessor on these subjects ; he held 
up the banner for the truth on these sub- 
jects in this congregation and communi- 
ty for a period of twenty-one years. Dur- 
mg twelve years of this period he taught 
m Franklin College— chieflv in the de- 
partment of languages. 

In 1868 Mr. Wishart accepted a call 
from the congregations of Ontario and 
DeKalb (now Tiro), near Mansfield, 
Richland County, Ohio, and soon after 
his settlement in these congregations he 
formed an acquaintance with Rev. J. P. 
Stoddard, general agent of the National 
Christian Association, who was then la- 
boring in the State of Ohio, and as far 
as he was able he co-operated with JNIr. 
Stoddard in his great work. Mr. Stod- 
dard delivered a course of lectures on the 
subject of Freemasonrv in ^Ir. Wishart's 
church at Ontario, by which he poured 
forth a vast flood of light upon a com- 
munity which had been sitting in dark- 
ness with respect to this subject. These 
lectures were delivered with great ear- 
nestness and power and were largely at- 
tended. And they brought forth good 
fruit, which to some extent continues to 
the present day. 

In 1885 Mr. Wishart moved to :\Ion- 
mouth. 111., in order that his family might 
enjoy the educational anvantages of 
Monmouth College. Here he remained 
for a period of ten years, and was iden- 
tified during this period with the anti- 
secret reform in the State of Illinois. He 
has now retired from the public duties 
of the ministry, and lives in Allegheny 
City, Pa., with his son, Rev. C. F. t^sh- 



November, 1904. 

art, who is pastor of the Eleventh U. P. 
Church in that citv. 

strike was from the other side and the 
union did not make the terms. 



There comes a time when an evil, 
abusively overdone, breaks of its own 
weight ; and something like this threat- 
ens to happen in the case of the trade 
unions. Going beyond the range of legit- 
imate beneficience, and engaging in tasks 
that are unlawful, it has alienated the 
sympathy of the public and thrown away 
it's possible prestige. Both capital and 
labor invite their own undoing when they 
try to do each other or the public injury 
or wrong. To the law that recoils on 
abusive capital, abusive labor has no 
patent of exemption. Professor Graham 
Taylor recently said virtually the same 
thing, when he asserted that "Trades un- 
ions have nothing to fear outside of their 
organization nearly so dangerous to it, 
or'their cause, as the failure of their own 
members and officers to appreciate how 
responsible they are, and will sternly be 
held to be, for the use they make of the 
power they are conceded to have." 

The meat packers' strike appeared 
aimed at the public, and to threaten the 
food supply, not of the rich alone but 
also of the poor. It thus wore something 
of the same aspect as a speculator's wheat 
corner. The coal strike bore heavily on 
the poor, and on those not poor yet ill 
able to have the necessities of life trans- 
muted into luxuries. The meat packers' 
strike broke down, and the coal strike 
compelled conspicuous intervention by the 
chief executive of the will of the people. 

A recent sign of a reaction appears, 
in the very region where strikes seemed 
almost to aim to leave the dead unburied 
and the living unfed. The International 
Harvester Company discharged its em- 
ployes in Chicago not long ago, and, in 
reopening business, refuses^ to employ 
any former workmen recognized as labor 
agitators. The same course has lately 
been taken by the Pullman Car Company. 
Both concerns have filled all positions 
without any reference to unions or any 
conference with them. Neither has made 
any bargain with unions. One pays 
lower wages than before, the other makes 
its day contain more working'hours. The 

To run car lines in spite of strikes is 
the principal business in view at a new 
office in the Holland Building, New 
York. Mr. James Farley is the manager^ 
and he claims to have broken more than 
twenty strikes within three years preced- 
ing the opening of this office. He says 
that he studied many years before he en- 
tered upon the work and that it is now a 
question of system. He says : 

"I have on my list of possibly available 
men for strike breaking the names of from 
35,000 to 40,000 men in different parts of 
this country. Most of them are ex-union 
men. Many of them, of course, are not 
available at all times, as they have secured 
good positions in other walks of life, but 
there is still an army of them to be used 
when wanted. 

"Among those on my list are a surprising- 
ly large number of young men who are really 
wealthy — I mean men who have from $10,- 
OOC) to $20,000, and who enter into the work 
as they would join the army — for the excite- 
ment of the thing. Many of them are col- 
lege educated and students of political econ- 

Mr. Farley says that the majority of 
them have once belonged to unions and 
have discovered that unions cannot save 
jobs for men who have struck. 

They have learned the lesson that the 
unions are not as powerful as they 
thought, and not able to give them back 
the employment they sacrificed. 

Besides, they iearn that when out of 
the union they have more individuality 
and greater chance of promotion. In the 
unions promotion depends more on pop- 
ularity than merit, and this the man 
thrown out of employment through a 
strike soon learns. 

Mr. Farley is not wholly against labor 
unions and there are strikes against 
which he would not be engaged, but he 
thinks that unions sometimes go too far." 
He always uses men who have had pre- 
vious railroad experience, and are known 
to be competent to do their part in run- 
ning the road which strikers have left. 
When he was breaking the car strikes in 
Connecticut, the roads incurred fewer 
suits for accident damages than before. 
A special point in breaking strikes is to 

November, 1904. 



fill vacancies with help that is sure to 
prove competent. He says that roads 
can be run with or without the consent 
of the unions. Many of his men have 
been retained by companies, and have 
had promotions which as union men they 
could not have gained. He himself has 
made money in the business, and owns a 
number of high priced trotters and 
pacers. He has arrangements for taking 
care of men who work for him, and part 
of his force, during strikes, consists of 
cooks and waiters. 



Our St. Louis reporter has begun to 
interview the city pastors of St. Louis. 
We shall publish from time to time what 
these ministers are willing to have made 
public. The Association also takes 
pleasure in supplying them with litera- 
ture, which it hopes will be educationally 
helpful and will, it trusts, lead some to 
take a position more in accord with the 
command to "come out from among 
them and be separate." 

Rev. J. Layton Mauze, Central Presbj-terian 

"I thought the principles of Masonry 
to be Christian but am not a member. 
The associations of the lodge have a 
tendency to draw away from the church. 
I have noticed that clubmen are not gen- 
erally active churchmen. 

''Greek letter fraternities depend upon 
the character of their respective mem- 
bers. My fraternity was all right but 
some were pretty bad indeed." 

Rev. N. Lruccock, D. D., Union Methodist 

"The church is most responsible for 
the growth of lodges in not being human- 
itarian enough. I am not a member of 
any lodge and am too busy to join. I 
would not go where conscience cannot go. 
I do not say that men may not conscien- 
tiously join. In cases of dispute and in- 
decision always err on the right side. 

"The Greek letter fraternity depends 
upon the character of the members be- 
fore joining. There is apt to be jealousy 

among them, and some have verv low- 

Rev. L. G. Laiidenbertrer, Cust,odian Sweden 
bory: House, World's Fair. 

"I am not a member but I do not op- 
pose secret societies unless I know them 
opposed to the Spirit of Christianity' 
which I do not. I was a member of the 
Knights of Pythias but am not now. I 
have noticed a clannishness, an inclina- 
tion to uphold each other in the wrongs 
among Masons." 

"Did you know that the reason was 
an oath to defend each other in case of 
being charged with any crime except 
murder or treason?" 


"I regard regeneration essential to sal- 

"Do you know that Masonry does 


Rev. John \V. Day, Church of the Messiah^ 

"I have not noticed any influence of 
lodges in church. I have noticed, that to 
Masons the lodge took the place of the 
church. I would not become a member 
although it has been intimated that I 
v/ould be welcome. I have theological 
objections to the Alasonic orders thoup-h 
their moral aims seem noble and high. 
My inclinations are against any societ}^ 
that sets itself up for humanity and falls 
down in its declarations of human broth- 
erhood by special and exclusive favors 
to its own members. The tinsel, ritual, 
etc., are like the play of boys. 

"There are some good and some harm- 
ful Greek letter fraternities. Society is 
necessary to the young and the school 
fraternity fills that necessity. My ob- 
servation has not been wide." 

Rev. John C. Cannon, D. I)., 3r>49 Pine Street* 
Pastor of Grand Avenue Presbyterian 
Church, South. 

"If any lodge assumes to fill the place 
of the church that lodge is against the 
church. I have no specific objection to 
lodges because they are secret nor purelv 
as business or social organizations. I 
have always made it a rule not to join 
any secret society because I don't know 
the character before entering. 

"The specific dangers of Greek letter 
fraternities are divisions of a school into 



November. 1904. 

cliques and some introduce factions into 
literary societies." 

J. E. How, Secretary Junior Co-operative 
Association, Northwest Corner 11th and 
Locust Streets, St. Louis, Mo. Independent, 

"I think ALL organizations ought lo 
be for Humanity and IF FOR ALL no 
use to keep them secret. The morally 
sick and the poor and the helpless are 
the ones that need our care and if for 
them why secret unless it be to avoid 

Rev. H. C. St. Clair, Rector of Trinity Church, 
Advanced Episcopal. 

*T joined the Masons when a youth 
at school, have not had time since to be an 
active member, though I have kept up 
dues. The Catholics regard Masonry as 
the greatest competitor of the church in 
that it satisfies many men religiously and 
fills a gap that human nature craves 
(ritualism) and that it is a sort of church 

'T would not say anything against 
Masonry though I believe its members, 
as also churchmen, confuse morality and 
religion in thinking that a moral life is 
all that is required for salvation. The 
morality of Masonry I regard as of a 
very high grade. 

- "My memories of Greek letter frater- 
nities are very pleasant as I was a mem- 
ber while at school." 

Rev. Frank L. Brock, Local Overseer of the 
Christian Catholic Church. Channing and 
Morgan Streets, St. Louis, Mo. 

"There is no Christianity in Masonry. 
I have always been opposed to it, have 
noticed that those who were spiritually 
inclined as church members lost interest 
after becoming members of lodges, and 
that churches influenced by them became 
spiritually dead. I have noticed this in 
hundreds of individuals ; I was formerly 
a member and Minister of the United 
Brethren Church which divided over the 
question in 1889. The majority of the 
ministers are handicapped and cannot or 
dare not speak what is in their hearts 
upon the subject. I am glad to know of 
the work of the Cynosure." 


the Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks of America is not a benevolent or- 
ganization and therefore any property it 
holds is not exempt from taxation under 
the statutory provision exempting benev- 
olent associations. 

— Indianapolis Star. 

Mm$ of §m Poll 


Madison, Wis., Sept. 27. — (A. P.) — 
The Supreme Court to-day rendered a de- 
cision holding that under Wisconsin laws 

Dear Friends and Brethren : After an 
interval of a month or two I again ad- 
dress you personally. Since my last 
letter I have visited several places 
in the interest of our work. 
Two very pleasant meetings were 
held in the cities of Newcastle and Par- 
nassus, Pa. In each of these cities the 
meetings were arranged by pastors of the 
Reformed Presbyterian Church. The 
attendance in each city was good, and 
the spirit seemed strong and helpful. 

I was again impressed, as I have many 
times been, with the thought of the un- 
used powers which are in all our 
churches and communities. I think there 
are very few of the one hundred thous- 
and ministers in the United States who 
could not arrange such meetings if they 
would. Some of these would be largely 
attended; in others perhaps the attend- 
ance would be small:, but everywhere 
they would do good. There need be 
practically no expense whatever. Any 
pastor who has a Bible which contains 
the eighteenth of John and the sixth of 
second Corinthians has ample informa- 
tion for an effective address against 
secret societies. 

If these meetings were held, some per- 
sons would be quite angry, and others 
would be indifferent, but men would be 
saved — and that is the office of the 
church and the ministry. 

Are there not many who read these 
lines, in whose communities there have 
been no meetings held for a long time, 
who will bestir themselves ? There is the 
''sound of a going in the tops of the mul- 
berry trees." 

Signs of the Times. 

I had not been in the city of New- 
castle forty-five minutes before a gen- 

November, 1904. 



tleman told me that he had been an Odd- 
fellow and a Knight of Pythias, but had 
left them both. He stated that the obli- 
gations of such fraternities interfered 
with the administration of law. That 
same day in the afternoon a gentleman 
told me that, prosecuting a 'former official 
for receiving bribes, he secured two con- 
victions, but that the convict did not go 
to prison because he was related to 
secret societies. 

It seems strange that I should, imme- 
diately on coming into a city where I 
had not been for thirty years, or nearly 
that, have two such testimonies on this 
subject. It shows how wide-spread the 
knowledge concerning the real character 
of secret societies has become. 

At Winona Lake Assembly. 

While at Winona Lake this summer 
I listened to a very earnest address by 
Rev. M. B. Williams. He was speaking 
from his wide experience as an evange- 
list, as to the obstacles in the way of 
Christian progress, and the methods 
which might be used to overcome them. 
When he had completed his address he 
gave opportunity for questions, and I 
asked him what effect secret societies 
had on his work as an evangelist. He 
replied that he had learned it was ex- 
tremely difficult to convert a Mason, and 
that those who professed to be convert- 
ed were, so far as he knew, of little or 
no use in the churches. One widely 
known and effective evangelist sitting in 
front of him said, ''They are destroying 
the churches." Others made similar re- 
marks. A sensation as of relief seemed 
to go over the whole audience. Num- 
bers applauded. I did not, during the 
entire day, see so much or so deep in- 
terest manifested in what was said. Yet 
there was no testimony on the question 
given by any speaker, while I was pres- 

Is it not a marvel that an institution 
which is so dreaded and feared by Chris- 
tian workers generally, should have pro- 
duced such a terror that wise men, brave 
men, and good men fear, or at least hesi- 
tate to speak against it, though in their 
hearts they look upon it as one of the 
greatest obstacles in the way of their 
work ? 

Mrs. John B. Goujrh's^Testimony. 

Many years ago I drove from Wor- 
cester, Mass., to Old Boyleston. My 
errand was to interview John B. Gough, 
who had then passsed the years of his 
greatest activity, though as all know he 
continued in • labor to the last and died 
in harness. He was not at home when I 
called, and Mrs. Cough met me. I stat- 
ed to her that I had called for the pur- 
pose of learning Mr. Cough's opinions 
respecting secret societies. She said^ 
''Well, I don't speak for my husband. 
He speaks for himself, but if you care 
to know what I think of them, I would 
just as lief tell you as not." I said I 
should be very pleased to know Mrs. 
Coughs opinion, and she replied, 'T think 
secret societies are sucking the life blood 
out of every decent thing there is in this 
country." I had often had the thought 
but had never expressed it so clearly, nor 
heard it expressed by others as she did. 

Adding secrecy to popular virtues like 
temperance, patriotism, love of family, 
and desire for peace with Cod does not 
help the virtues, but the virtues help the 
secrecy. When all is done, they "suck 
the life blood" out of the virtue. That 
this statement is literally true I do not 
for a moment question. 

Collapse of the American Leerion of Honor, 

I suppose our readers have noticed the 
collapse of the fraternal society orders 
from time to time. One of the most re- 
cent which has fallen under my own ob- 
servation is the failure of the x\merican 
Legion of Honor. 

Henry A. Wyman is receiver (ap- 
pointed, I suppose, by a court) and has 
issued a circular explaining the financial 
situation of the order. At one time there 
were about fifty thousand members, but 
at present those in good standing num- 
ber only three thousand five hundred. 
The face value of their certificates is five 
million, five hundred thousand dollars. 
Receiver Wyman says, *Tf all the cases 
in litigation are finally decided against 
the order it will leave approximately one 
hundred thousand dollars to pay divi- 
dends on four or five million dollars of 

This is not at all a bad showing for 
a secret insurance company. The whole- 
movement is fradulent from its inception. 



November, 1904. 

There is no reason whatever that an in- 
surance company should be secret. There 
is no reason that it should have foolish 
initiations to degrade the candidates, 
from time to* time, maim or kill them. 
There is above all no reason why an in- 
surance company should have prayers 
adopted for its meetings, and there is 
every reason wh)' an insurance company 
should not put sacred utterances into the 
mouths of men irrespective of their 
Christian character. It is a great pity 
that Christian men lend the influence of 
their names and characters to such an 

I recently preached the funeral- sermon 
of a very dear friend who had joined 
one of these cheap religion insurance 
orders. He did so simply for the insur- 
ance. He told me himself that he never 
went near the meetings. He paid his 
assessments when they came due, and 
the morning after his funeral the officials 
of the lodge asked me to sign the papers 
for his family, which I did. He could 
have secured just as sound insurance, 
perhaps a much better insurance, from 
the German ^Mutual Benefit Association, 
and could have bought only the insur- 
ance from the company mentioned above, 
whose office is at 189 La Salle street, 
Chicago. Then he would have bought 
insurance — not prayers to be recited by 
^godless men, not a burial service to teach 
that these godless men, dying, shall go 
straight to heaven. He was himself a 
believer in Christ, and I was sorry that 
his character in that community went to 
the support of this sort of an order. 

One hundred thousand dollars to pay 
four or five millions of claims 1 This is 
=>.n example of .secret society, religious, 
i^-^.ating insurance ! 

High School Fraternities. 

Our readers will remember the articles 
of last month on the subject of high 
school fraternities. As there shown, it 
becomes evident that the evil is wide- 
spread, and that boards of education 
are fairly ^.larmed, and determined. 

At the University high school, recent- 
ly, the authorities announced officially 
that any new student who joined him- 
self to a fraternity would be expelled. 
The fraternity boys, of course, are irri- 
tated. They talk of appealing to the 

courts, etc., etc. The courts, however, 
have decided uniformly in such cases 
that the control of the school rests with 
the stated authorities, and not with the 

In the Chicas^o News, an interesting" 
letter was recently published. One of the 
high school boys, saying he did not in- 
tend to defend the organizations, inti- 
mated that they would appeal to the 
courts to protect them from the tyranny 
of the School Board, and then went on 
to speak somewhat as follows : 

The fraternities have been trying to 
gather in the brightest and most capable 
of the high school students. They have 
secured a good many of them, they will 
try to get as many as they can of this 
class, and if the social and athletic life 
of the high schools is to be deprived of 
the presence of the fraternity boys, he 
thinks it will probably break down — • 
there not being enough independents. 

This letter shows two or three things. 
First, that the natural effect of secret 
societies is to gather together those who 
are bright, and band them together for 
their own glorification, as against the 
outside world. This -is characteristic of 
all the orders. The boys are simply do- 
ing what their elders do. 

Then it shows also the self-conceit of 
the organizations. It is safe to say that 
the persons w^ho join these orders are 
frequently selected because of their finan- 
cial or social influence, rather than for 
manly or scholarly attainment. How- 
ever, a secret society which does not 
profess to have all the capable persons in 
its region enlisted is the exception, not 
the rule. 

Then this young man in a whining 
tone stated that it was bad to have the 
students separated, and the fraternity 
men shut out of social and athletic af- 
fairs. As though the fraternities had 
not themselves' made the separation for 
their own selfish interests, and did not 
desire to maintain it ! When their selfish 
self-seeking has brought down the criti- 
cism of the board of education, and shut 
them out instead of the others, then they 
want the students all to be one, and to 
have common interests. 

I do not know how many of those who 
read this letter have sons or daughters 

November. 1904. 



in schools which tolerate secret societies. 
I hope not many of them — and yet, I 
have known fathers who were opposed 
to lodges to send their sons and daugh- 
ters to schools where no young person 
could be decently treated unless he be- 
longed to some fraternity or sorority. 

Should there be any of our readers in 
this category, let me ask whether Chris- 
tian people ought not to take as much 
care of their sons and daughters as the 
boards of education find themselves com- 
pelled to take of their pupils ? 

I do not know precisely what the 
figures are now, but some years ago ex- 
amination showed that one hundred col- 
leges in the United States did not per- 
mit secret societies in their schools. Cer- 
tainly parents who care for the soul life 
of their cliildren can find places where 
they will be safe from the contaminat- 
ing influence of lodges. Parents as well 
as children must reap what they sow. 

We have every reason to be encourag- 
ed as we study the progress of our move- 
ment. It does not grow so rapidly as we 
could wish, but it grows. It partakes, in 
these days, of the general slackness 
which paralyzes all Christian endeavor. 
But it is not paralyzed or dead. Let us 
"be more earnest, and more believing, and 
we shall be more successful. 

In the work of Jesus, fraternally 

Charles A. Blanchard. 


Secretary Stoddard's Meetings and Work in 
Indiana, t)hio, Pennsylvania and Ne\v 

Cooperstown, N. Y., Oct. i8, 1904. 
Dear Cynosure : — There are many 
pretty towns among the hills of the Em- 
pire State. For beauty of situation, none 
perhaps excel Cooperstown. On all sides 
of the lovely "Glimmer Glass" and from 
the little Schuyler Lake, the hills rise in 
their stately majesty. The trees on their 
summits are now radiant with all the col- 
ors of the rainbow. Jack Frost, the 
king of artists, has transformed them 
into huge bouquets, that smile as the 
rising and setting sun reveals their beau- 
ties. It is in the midst of such loveli- 

ness that I am now^ at work in the cap- 
ital of Otsego County. 

I wish I could say as much for the 
people as for their surroundings. Sin is 
here as it was in the garden of Eden, 
only more so. 

If Eve did eat the forbidden fruit, she 
never went so far as to attend a lodge 
banquet, which often includes all the 
sins in the catalogue. 

In this tov/n of three thousand peo- 
ple there are few who lift their voices in 
protest against that which is destroying 
the souls and bodies of so many. The 
N. C. A., as ever calling attention to 
these evils, has placed eight pages of 
reading matter in every store and home 
in this town. If the people do not go 
right, it will not be for lack of knowl- 
edge of the right. 

It was my privilege during the month 
of September to address nearly two thou- 
sand pastors and Christian workers. I 
judge that in no month have I given out 
so many tracts and circulars as during 
the past month. The Indiana Yearly 
Meeting of Friends, at Richmond, af- 
forded a fine opportunity to shed light in 
that section. Notwithstanding the oppo- 
sition of the chairman of the meeting I 
was given fifteen minutes, at the open- 
ing of a devotional service, to call at- 
tention to our mission. There w^ere many 
inquiries, and much light was given to 
those who sought it. 

I found more open doors than I could 
enter during my brief stay in Ohio. At 
Covington, Pleasant Hill, and Engle- 
wood, I spoke to attentive audiences. 
The meeting in the large new church of 
our German Baptist brethren at Pleasant 
Hill was especially well attended. Many 
lodge people were noted in the audience. 
There were some here who gladly re- 
ceived my message. 

The meeting at Englewood was in the 
Church of "The Brethren in Christ," 
generally known as "River Brethren." 
The elder and ministers present endorsed 
what I said by their testimonies and sub- 
scriptions to the Cynosure. The Cove- 
nanters of Cincinn-ati are not numerous, 
but try to make up in quality what they 
lack in quantity. 

At the lecture which I gave in their 
church there were present some of oui 



November, 1904. 

Holland friends of the Christian Re- 
formed Church. Some lodge friends 
also favored us with a hearing. 
r" A recent visitation of the ''Elks" had 
/ been like a dire pestilence to the city, 
i No entrance behind screened doors was 
necessary to learn their character. The 
city was given over to their debauch- 
ery, until those in authority were com- 
pelled to call a halt and announce in the 
newspaper that those engaging in crim- 
inal acts would be arrested. While parad- 
ing through the streets, Elks were seen 
to rush from the procession, grab some 
young woman who chanced to be look- 
ing on, and kiss her, while other Elks ap- 
plauded. These were among the milder 
departures from decency and decorum. 

How soon will the people of this coun- 
try learn that men who are playing wild 
animal in the lodges are not to be trust- 
ed on the streets, much less in the pub- 
lic offices? Had not Elks been in con- 
trol of the city government in Cincin- 
nati, no such shameless debauchery as 
was there permitted would have been wit- 
\.,^ nessed. 

Brief stops in Pittsburg, Pa. ; Wash- 
ington, D. C, and Philadelphia, Pa., 
showed the usual interest in our reform. 
A few names were added to the Cynosure 
list. In Philadelphia a sister told of a 
neighbor who united with the Red Men. 
His wife was sick, and on the night of 
his initiation stayed awake watching for 
his return. When he came in in the 
small hours of the morning, with lacer- 
ated face and torn, dirty clothing, the 
shock was so great that she died a few 
days later. We sometimes pity our an- 
cestors as we read of their necessary 
contention with the Indians, yet how 
ready some are to play Red Men ! 

My first work in coming to New York 
State was in the Parlor City, Bingham- 
ton, N. Y. I addressed a District Con- 
ferenQe of the Free Methodist friends, 
and spoke in the City Mission. After 
the addresses at both places, souls sought 
the Lord, and were made happy in His 
salvation. Opposition, to the lodges did 
not throw any "coldness over the meet- 
ing" here, as it is understood that men 
must give up lodges with other sins 
when they "walk in newness of life." 
"His name shall be called Jesus, because 

He shall save His people from their 

The Y. M. C. A. secretary at Onionta,. 
N. Y., said he belonged to several 
lodges. When I inquired if they helped 
him to grow in grace, he laughed, as. 
much as to say, Who ever heard of such 
a thing? and remarked that lodges were 
very strong in that town. Of course, 
intelligent men do not join lodges to aid 
growth in grace ! 

The grip of the devil is very firm in 
this section. The ministers deplore the 
condition as, half-starved, they minister 
to the little handful who listen ; afraid 
often to speak their convictions, lest they 
lose the little they now have. Are they 
not proof of the truth of the Scripture^ 
"He that saveth his life shall loose it?" 
Oh, that we could trust God to take care 
of our reputation while we rescue the 
perishing ! 

W. B. Stoddard. 

Irottt #ttr fecl)att0e0. 


Circular Issued by Minneapolis, Minn., School 
Board Officially Discountenances High 
School Secret Societies. 

"Frats," sororities, and secret societies 
will be tabooed by the pupils at the high 
schools, if the circular sent to the parents 
to-day by the principals, and Dr. C. M. 
Jordan, superintendent, has the desired 
effect. Co-operation with the parents is 
desired to arrange systematic hours for 
study at home and to regulate the 
students' amusements in the evening. It 
is stated that the church and the home 
should furnish social relaxation rather 
than midweek parties and affairs of that 
general nature. 

The most interesting part of the cir- 
cular, however, is the recommendation 
that the secret societies be done away 
with. This, it is stated, could be ac- 
complished if the parents would refuse 
permission to their children to join. The 
opinion of the teachers is that the so- 
cieties do no good to any one, that they 
form cliques in the school, which stir 
up jealousies and bitter rivalries, and 

November, 1904. 



cause needless pain and heartaches to 
those who are considered undesirable. 
The circular concludes: 

"We live in a democracy; our schools 
should be democratic ; in our public 
schools every child is the peer of every 
other child. These organizations are un- 
democratic, and they have no place in 
the public schools of a democracy. They 
now exist only because parents permit 
their children to join them." — The Min- 
neapolis Journal, Oct. 4. 


The Crow Takes but One Dejjree in the Se- 
cret Society-. 

The following ingenious method of 
keeping crows away from a grain field 
is used by the farmer of Holland. 

He makes some small cornucopias of 
stout paper and smears around the inner 
side of the mouth of each some birdlime 
or other adhesive. In these he puts some 
grains of corn and stands them about his 
fields, by pressing their points into the 
soft earth. 

With the crow finds one of these cornu- 
copias he thinks himself in great luck 
until he attempts to peck at the tempt- 
ing grain, when, to his astonishment, he 
finds the cornucopia attached to his head 
— a veritable fool's cap — which will not 
•even allow him to see what course to take 
if he flies up. 

However, he succeeds in reaching 
some coarse grass or bushes, and after 
much bewildered scrambling and flop- 
ping about, gets his head out of this un- 
desirable cap, and ever afterward avoids 
the Held zvhere there are more of them. 

This method of keeping the crows 
away is much better than shooting them, 
as they are at all times very interesting 
birds, and the small damage they do to 
growing corn is insignificant compared 
to the great good they do all through the 
year by destroying millions of injurious 

—From Boys' Companion. 


Elijah was a fellow who used to get 
things done over and over again. 

He wanted to be sure, and make every- 

body else sure, that there was no trick 
about this altar. 

In that time, the priests often con- 
cealed fire below the altars, and made pre- 
tense that the sacrifice « was consumed 
from above. 

Elijah made them build their altar in 
front of him that day, and there was no 
way by which they could sneak their 
fire in. 

He built his altar in their presence, cut 
the bullock in pieces, and poured water 
into the trench. 

And the water ran about the altar ; and 
he filled the trench also with water. 

And it came to pass at the time of the 
ofl:'ering of the evening oblation, that 
Elijah the prophet came near, and said, 

Jehovah, the God of Abraham, of 
Isaac, and of Israel, let it be known this 
day that Thou art God in Israel, and that 

1 am Thy servant, and that I have done 
all these things at Thy word. 

— Leaves of Healiucr. 


Secret society entanglements. The ar- 
guments in favor of these institutions are 
strong and subtle to the unthinking and 
nominal Christians. The practical good 
that comes from them appears on the 
surface to be a sufficient warrant for 
their existence and for the confidence 
and co-operation of Christian people. 
But sober second thought will persuade 
the judgment of any enlightened Bible 
student that a Christian has no place in 
them. "Be ye not unequally yoked to- 
gether with unbelievers," applies here 
and elsewhere; also the command 
"Swear not at all" (Matt. 5 134 and John 
5:12) makes every member of every se- 
cret society directly disobedient to the 
word of God. For if there were no oath 
of admission there would be no secrecy. 

We believe a Christian has no right 
to take an oath anywhere in any lodge 
or in any court of justice. The law does 
not compel a man to take an oath if he 
has religious scruples against it. He can 
simply afiirm that he will speak the 
truth. Those who have unwillingly taken 
an oath upon entering any society must 
confess their sin and withdraw, after 
they have received light upon the subject, 


November, 1904. 

or lose their fellowship and power with 

Again, selfishness is usually at the root 
of all secret societies. Self-interest usu- 
ally leads people into them and beguiles 
them into remaining* in them. People 
expect to get assistance in securing and 
holding positions or to get financial aid 
in sickness or insurance in case of death 
or some other personal benefit is looked 
for. Is this becoming to a follower of 
Christ who considered not his own inter- 
est, but came into the world to serve and 
to save others?. 

The very genius of the religion of 
Christ is unselfishness. How does the 
selfish spirit of the lodges comport with 
these teachings of Paul? ''Look not 
every man on his own things, but' every 
man also on the things of others," or 
with this, "Let no man seek his own, but 
each his neighbor's good," or with Paul's 
own personal testimony, "Even as I 
pleased all men in all things, not seeking 
mine own profit, but the profit of many 
that they may be saved." 

God certainly can prosper his own 
without the assistance of the ungodly. 
He who owns the cattle upon a thousand 
hills and the mines of the earth and in 
whose hand is the king's heart and the 
hearts of all men, can certainly control 
people and circumstances for the good 
of his children and supply all their needs 
according to his riches in glory by Christ 
Jesus. Shame unto the unbelieving heart 
which doubts him and resorts to ques- 
tionable and sinful expedients and un- 
holy alliances for mere temporal position 
and profit. 

—Evangelical Visitor, Sept. 15, 1904. 


"Stand Pat," Be a Clam, or Get Out. 

To the Editor of "The Bulletin," Bing- 
hamptO'n, New York: 
Sir: "J. Russell Conkhn," in "The 
Bulletin" of the 22d inst., states that 
"there are secret societies, it is true, that 
a good citizen should shun, but there are 
other societies whose principles are the 
greatest and noblest that man can devise. 
To help our fellow-man, help the needy 
— these are the principles of a great many 
secret societies." And after asking "what 

can be nobler," he tells us that he acts 
in defence of the Odd Fellows. In reply,. 
I will tell him that actions are far better 
than assertions. Let these secret societies 
practice what they preach and we shall 
hear of fewer law suits to recover sick 
and death benefits and fewer members 
will be dropped annually from their- 
membership rolls, etc. 

Which to Avoid. 

Since "Mr. Conkhn" admits there are 
secret societies that should be avoided, 
and as we cannot tell what they are until 
we have been initiated into their myster- 
ies, it plainly becomes the duty of this 
champion to inform us which to avoid. 
Of course, he may say, "Judge them by 
their members," but would he welcome 
every Odd Eellow into the home of his 
wife and daughters? I think not, and 
I know I w^ould not do so. 

The Skeleton. 

Li. the Odd Fellows' initiation there is 
used an emblem of mortality, which in 
some lodges, because of sex, is often the 
butt of coarse jests and over whicli I 
have seen actions that were positively in- 
decent. The Odd Fellows boast that no 
liquor is allowed in the' lodge room and 
that no balls, dances, etc., can be given 
by a lodge of the order. Yet they "whip 
the devil around the stump," by having 
rum in the ante room, and balls and 
dances given through the degree stafi: of 
the lodge, which is a "side show" of the 
organization, gotten up to confer the "de- 
grees" in open lodge, and to do the il- 
legal work when the lodge is closed and 
the Grand Lodge makes no objection. 


The Odd Fellows point with pride to 
the story of David and Jona:than. They 
are forever harping on that of the Good 
Samaritan, and boasting of their atten- 
tion to the sick and the needy. Yes, they 
do attend the sick, provided the sick has 
been "standing pat," but if the sick one 
happens to have opposed some of the hall 
building, money squandering "rake-off" 
schemes, he is sadly neglected, and often 
ostracized and literally "roasted" into the 
cold and cruel world, where the Good 
Samaritan (like the Levite) passes him 
by on the other side. "Mr. Conklin" 
boasts that he is proud of the Odd Fel- 
lows, etc. I would respectfully ask if 

November. 1904. 



he is proud of the Temple, commonly 
known in the lodge room as the ''white 
elephant," a building that has already 
been in the hands of the sheriff, is a dis- 
grace to the order and never should have 
been built. I, too, have been an Odd Fel- 
low ; am also a past-grand. I agree with 
"Mr. Conklin" that the principles of the 
order are the grandest and noblest work 
of man. Further than that, they are 
more Godlike than manlike, but when 
that is said, all is said. 

How Have the Mighty Fallen. 

They are worse than dead, and it is 
useless to hold them up as models, when 
they are treated in the lodge room as 
graven images, relics, so to speak, of past 
ages. The trouble with secret societies, 
like our city, state and national affairs, 
is that members and citizens generally, 
remain at home and leave their aft"airs to 
be governed by those who have axes to 
grind and are thus allowed to chop and 
hew to suit themselves, while the indiffer- 
ent pay the costs and the organizations, 
which could be a co-mbination of joy, 
beauty and usefulness, are allowed to sink 
into the slough of despond. In joining 
a secret society of to-da}-, the new mem- 
ber has a choice of three lines of action : 
First, to "stand pat ;'' second, to be a 
clam, and third, to get cut. 

One That Got Out. 


Sovereign Grand Lodge of Odd Fellows Votes 
Down Amendments for Their Admission to 
the Order. 

yan Francisco. Cal.. >Sept. 22, 1804. — The 
Sovereig-n Grand Lodge of Odd Fellows to- 
night defeated the constitntional amendment 
proposing that young men of 18 years of 
age be eligible to membership in the order. 
Tile amendment providing for a number of 
changes in the official titles of the officers 
of the sovereign grand lodge was also voted 

Amendments proposing that the barrier of 
sex be removed, so that the Kebekahs might 
become representatives to the grand lodge, 
and that the color line be extended, so as to 
1 term it the admission of men who were part- 
ly of Indian descent, were both defeated. 
Two measures tending to reduce the term of 
ottice enjoyed by representatives of the sov- 
ereign grand lodge from tAvo years to one 
also met defeat. 

The amendment providing that men who 
were only indirectly engaged in the liquor 
business might be admitted to the order 

was laid on the table, because of a techni- 
cal defect in its mode of presentation, 
— Boston Herald, 

The brethren appear rather unsettled 
in mind. 

It is easy to be good by proxy ; but 
there are no proxies in the kingdom of 

|y|odern Qecret Qocieties 


President "WTienton College, Tresldent National 
Christian Association, ex-President Sabbath Asso- 
ciation of Illinois, etc. 

A brief treatise for busy people and specially 
Intended for ministers and teachers. 

Part' I.— Clearing Away the Brush. Part II.— 
Freemasonry, Next to the Jesuits, the Most Pow- 
erful of Secret Orders. Part III.— Related and 
Subsidiary Lodges. Part IV. — Concluding Chap- 

PART I,— Clearing Away the Brush. 

Chapter I,— Reason for Discussing the Subject 
and for the Present Publication. 

Chapter II,— Why Make Freemasonry so Promi- 

Chapter III.— Is It Possible to Know What Se- 
cret Societies Are Without Uniting with Them? 

Chapter IV,— If Evil, Why Do So Many. Good Men 
Unite with Them? 

Chapter V.— Do Not Their Charities Prove Them 
to Be Helpful to Men? 

Chapter VI,— If the Church Would Do Her Duty 
Would There Be need for Lodges? 

Chapter VIl. — Review of Topics Treated In 
Part I. 

PART II. — Freemasonry; the Keystone of the 

Chapter I.— Freemasonry or Modern Idolatry. 

Chapter II.— The Ceremonies of the Lodge, or 
How is a Man Made a Mason, 

Chapter III,— Masonic Obligations, or the Lodge 
and Civil Government, 

Chapter IV,— Freemasonry and Woman, or the 
Lodge and the Home. 

Chapter V.— Higher Degrees. 

Chapter VI,— The Higher Degrees Continued, 

Chapter VII.— Review of Part II. 

PART III.— Related and Subsidiary Organizations. 
Chapter I,— Oddfellowship. 
Chapter IL— The Temperance Lodges. 
Chapter III,— Insurance Lodges. 
Chapter IV, — Industrial Orders. 
Chapter V.— Patriotic lodges. 
Chapter VI,— College Fraternities. 
Chapter VIL— Review of Part HI. 

PART IV,— Concluding Chapters. 

Chapter I.— The obligations of Secret Societies 
Not Masonic. 

Chapter II.— The Testimonies of Seceders, 

Chapter HI.— The Opinions of Great and Good 

Chapter IV.— What do Lodge Burials Teach? 

Chapter V.— Is the Struggle Against Lodgism 

Chapter VI.— Does Testimony Against Lodgism 
Injure Churches? 

Chapter VII,— The Duty of the Hour. 

300 pages; cloth, 7r, «-<Mits: leather, ifl.OO. 

aai West Madison St, Chicago. 



November, 1904. 


Device Invented for Hanging, Secret So- 
ciety Initiates. 

Trembling humanity about to be initi- 
ated into the mysteries of secret organ- 
izations has suffered much, but a device 
which has just been patented promises 
to make "burial" ceremonies, the ''guillo-. 
tine," or the blanket tossing fade into 
child's play in comparison. 

It is a hanging device, and the can- 
didate is subjected to an "execution" on 
a real gallows. That he will survive the 
ordeal can hardly seem possible to the 
victim as the black cap is pulled over his 
face and he feels the rope tighten about 
his neck. 

The patent is unique and was made 
under the division which has charge of 
theatrical devices. , The inventor and 
patentee is John J. Duffie, who proposes 
to have the machine put on the market. 
He lives in Los Angeles, Cal., and se- 
cured his patent July 19. Examiner Lane 
passed upon it, and it is pronounced to be 
a really new and original contrivance and 
calculated to give initiates an experience 
they will not soon forget. 

Burlesque Hanging Machine. 

"My invention," says Mr. Dufiie, "re- 
lates to a burlesque hanging machine, and 
is to be used in initiatory work in secret 
organizations, theaters and other places 
of pubUc amusement, and is so construct- 
ed that the party supposed to be hanged 
and operated on by this piece of mechan- 
ism cannot be injured in the slightest de- 

"It is intended m secret organiza- 
tions," further explains the inventor, "to 
test the bravery and fortitude of the ap- 
plicant and to test his confidence in his 
friends, and in theaters and other places 
of amusement to represent a real hang- 

The initiate wears a jacket for the 
hanging ceremony. That may be put on 
while other tricks are being played, and 
the victim is hardly aware of its signifi- 
cance. This jacket has some weights and 
braces under the arms, pads on the hips, 
and a strap attached to the legs, all de- 
signed to distribute the weight of the 
body when in the air. 

Provision Against Accident. 

Back of the neck is a hook from which 
a spiral spring runs to the dangling rope. 
The noose is not part of the rope, which 
is seen hanging from the gallows, but is 
merely tied to it by a piece of string, so 
that if the hook in the jacket should 
break the man would not be hanged by 

The victim is placed on a trap door, 
which, at the proper moment, is sprung 
by the executioner on a platform. The 
shock of the fall of a few feet is broken 
by a set of springs and weights concealed 
in the posts of the gallows. Of course, 
the victim does not know the mechan- 
ism of the machine, and in his sight is 
likely to take a mighty solemn view of 
the affair. The tying of the hands and 
feet, the shutting out of sight by the 
black cap, in themselves are likely to 
make him "grow cold at heart," see 
"images of the narrow house," and to 
feel cold chills creeping down his spine. 

It is the first hanging device of the 
kind ever patented, officials at the patent 
office said yesterday. It takes its place 
among a large array of devices, more or 
less generally used in initiatory cere- 
monies. It lays claim to no utilitarian 
mission, but on other grounds seeks to 
take its place with the thousands of in- 
ventions, records of which are crbwded 
in the patent office. 

—The Post, Washington, D. C. 


POSED," just the book to explode modem here- 
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'SELF EXAMINATION," by M. L. Schooley and 
E. E. Shelhamer, will help souls to locate them- 
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haps the most concise and unanswerable for size 
in print. 128 pages. Get some to scatter. 

TIONS," by Jonathan Edwards. Also his no- 
table sermon, under which 500 were converted. 
64 pages. 

TO THE CELESTIAL CITY;" extracts from 
Nathaniel Hawthorne; interesting and instruc-\ 
tive. 32 pages. 





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^^Ym Li The RejIoho '• 

■ }\ Polar Might, j. 
\^ Thou 6ervot 


To The 5oh5 C' 

7/7 e Ethics of 


A Fierce ''Eagle 
Wliat the Order 
Is Really 

Temperance vs. 


in Oddfellowship 

How Christians 
May Be Saved 
A Word to 



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friends. In such cases, if we are advised that a sub- 
scription is a present and not rearularly authorized 
by the recipient, we will make a memorandum tfe 
discontinue at expiration, and to send no bill for thi 
ensuinir year. 

Folly, Expense and Danger 


Secret Societies. 

of Wheaton College. 

They may be rudely classified as religious; 
c. g., the Jesuits, Freemasonry, Oddfellow- 
ship, the Knights of Pythias, etc.: political, as 
the Know-nothings, Knights of the Golden 
Circle, the Order of American Deputies, the 
Kuklux-Klan, the White League, etc.: indus- 
trial; as the unions of carpenters, bricklayers, 
conductors, engineers, etc.: insurance; as the 
Royal Arcanum, the Modern Woodmen, the 
Order of the Iron Hall, the Ancient Order of 
United Mechanics, etc.: and the social; as the 
college fraternities. Postpaid 5 cents each. 

Royal Neighbors of America 

Ritual 'and Installation Worl< 

Price, postpaid, 10 cts. 

■^ This Order is the auxiliary branch of the 
Modern Woodmen of America, to which the 
flatter and women relatives are eligible. 

221 West Madison St., Chicago, III. 


Council of the Orient. Pocket 

size, full roan, flap, $2.50. , ^ _ 
The Complete Standai'd Ritual of Council 
.Masonic Degrees in Cy^-ner Rth to loth inclusive. 
Giving the Degrees of Royal Master, select Mas- 
--x and Super Eir.cellsnt Mastei. 

Lewis E. Stout 225 

A Fierce Eagle 226 

President's Letter — How Christians May 

Be Saved , . .227 

Independent Presbyterian Church of Bra- 
zil .....232 

Trade Unions 233 

Political Masonry in France .234 

Masonic Oaths — By E. Ronayne . 234 

Out of His Way 237 

Needed Information 237 

A Plea for the High- School. 238 

Cartoon — Why this Discrimination? 241 

One Masonic Representation of Jesus. ..242 

News of Our Work 243 

Program New York iState Conference. . . .244 
Prepairing for New York Convention!. .. .245 

Disquiet in Our High Schools 246 

Fundamental Unmanliness of Masonry.. 247 

From Our Mail 250 

Fraternity 250 

The Ethics of Unionism ^. .250 

Temperance vs. Absitinence in Oddfellow- 
ship 251 

Calls Fraternities Menace to Schools, .. .252 

"Frats" Fight School Board. 253 

Second-Hand Coffin 254 

The Death Penalty Oath 254 

Farley's Strike-Breaking Bureau 256 

Sermon on flasonry. 16 pages, 
jc. By Rev. W. P. McNary, pastor 
United Presbyterian church. 

Thirteen Reasons why a Chris- 
tian should not be a Freemason. 

By Rev. Robert Armstrong. 16 pages, 

George on Secret 


Pres. H. H. 

Societies. loc. 

A powerful address, showing clearly the duty of 
Christian churches to disfellowsjiip secret socie- 

Freemasonry Symbolized in Rev» 
elation. By Rev. Jas. P. Stod- 
dard. 30c. each. 

This is an attempt to answer the question whether 
there is " a prodigious system (drawing into itself 

Secret Societies. Cloth 35 c, papei 

A discussion of their character and claims by 
Rev. David McDill, Pres. J. Blanchard and Rev 
Edward Beecher. 







Brother Lewis E. Stout was born at 
New London, Ind., November 14, i86t. 
His parents were both school teachers, 
and had him educated at New London 


221 "West Madison St., Chicag-o 

Entered at the Post Office, Chicaso* IIU aa second- 

There is a Rock back of every man, if 
he will only lean on it. 

The Kaiser has conferred the Order of 
the Red Eag-le on the President of Chi- 
cago University. Some Sunday Dr. 
Harper is going out to the "Zoo" to see 
what it is all about. 


Plainfield, Lid., is the center for West- 
ern Lidiana and Eastern Illinois of the 
Friends (Quaker) Church. The meeting 
gathering each year at this place has the 
oversight of more, than 15,000 souls. 
There are about 4,000 members living 
within a few miles of this center. Here 
is located their publishing house, under 
the able management of Rev. P. W. 
Raidabaugh, wdio was at one time a 
member of the Board of Directors of the 
National Christian Association. 

There is perhaps no more influential 
man in the denomination than the clerk 
of the Yearly Meeting. The present in- 
cumbent is Rev. Lewis E. Stout, who 
presides at the deliberations of the body 
and has general oversight of the affairs 
of this great meeting. He is not only at 
the head of the Yearly Meeting, but also 
pastor of the large church located in 
Plainfield. He has been a helpful friend 
indeed to Secretary Stoddard in his 
labors as representative of our associa- 

and at the Friends' Academy at Spice- 
land, Ind. His post-graduate course, 
previous to entering the ministry, which 
he entered quite early in' life, was taken 
in farming and school teaching. He has 
had pastorates at Sharpsville, Azalia and 
Plainfield, Indiana, and, as above noted, 
is clerk of the Western Yearly jMeeting. 
His wife, formerly Miss Anna Ken- 
worthy, is a daughter of a minister. 
Brother Stout has the reputation of be- 
ing a good preacher and an excellent 
pastor, and of course stands high among 
the Friends. He is one whom the Na- 
tional Christian Association is glad to 


December, 1904. 


And a bunday Variety Theater Order. 

Extracts from the Springfield Daily 
Republican of Aug. 17, are used in mak- 
ing up the following report. The first 
ite^m appeared in the city local columns: 

AVanton Assault on Small B03'. 

A small boy carrying a sign advertising 
an eating-house was the victim of an as- 
sault by a member of one of the Con- 
necticut iVeries of Eagles on Main street 
in front of the Haynes Hotel about 6:15 
last evening. The man was a big red- 
headed individual, and was armed with a 
tricolored umbrella. As he approached 
the boy he brought the handle of the 
umbrella down over the boy's head with 
great force, breaking the umbrella han- 
dle off and cutting a long gash, from 
which the blood ran in streams. The 
man hustled along regardless of the cruel 
blow he had struck, and evidently would 
have been glad to hide himself in the 
crowd that was with him. A number 
of bystanders, however, saw the occur- 
rence and the man's red hair being a 
conspicuous mark, he was easily located 
before he could get far and was told to 
come back and attend to the boy he had 
injured. He at first declined and denied 
he had hit the boy, but later when the 
crowd grew indignant and threatened to 
land him in the police station if he did 
not do the square thing he finally came 
back and paid for having the boy's head 

A Small Army in the Parade. 

Nearly 4,000 members of the Order 
of Eagles were in line yesterday morn- 
ing in the parade of the first annual field 
dav of the New England League of this 
organization. There were probably not 
less than 2,000 visitors on the curbstones, 
besides the residents of the city, to see 
the parade. Every train and trolley car 
from early morning until early even- 
ing from north, south, east and west 
brought more people to participate in the 
Eagles' day. It was inevitable that they 
should own the city down town with 
their mighty host ever growing larger; 
and even before the parade started the 
spirit of the celebrators, breaking forth 
in song and cry of ''Yea, yea," had quite 
captured the place. Then came the long 
parade with its many interesting fea- 

tures, followed a little after one by a 
dinner at Hampden Park, by sports,, mu- 
sic, and then in the evening by fireworks 
and other forms of amusement. 

L.ivel3' Afternoon Sports. 

An endless performance had been 
planned for the whole day, and, in fact, 
there was no let-up. At the park imme- 
diately after the arrival of the Aeries a 
dinner was served in the restaurant be- 
neath the grand stand and to the crowd 
by the lunch stands which had been set 
up on the grounds. From that time the 
big white tent on the green, which had 
been isolated during the morning, became 
surrounded by a restless mass of sight- 
seers. The sports did not begin until 2 
in the afternoon. Meantime, the fakirs 
had full sway. They had been given 
places on both sides of a. broad walk 
just above the grand stand. Nearly 
every man on this "midway" was in 
charge of some kind of a ball-throwing 
game. Another popular form of amuse- 
ment was the dancing at the pavilion, 
scores of the young people taking part 
during the afternoon and evening. The 
sports, however, were the main attrac- 
tion. The many-colored umbrellas, the 
countless white hats, the spotless, white 
dresses of the gay crowd about the lines 
furnished, an interesting frame in the 
center of which fought the serious ath- 
letes, with their faces centers of force, 
struggling to win. 

Songs and yells filled Main strd'et 
throughout the evening, as if some great 
college victory had been won on the ath- 
letic field. Heavily-laden coaches bore 
the visitors up and down the main thor- 
oughfare of the city, adding to the con- 
fusion. Many attended the play at the 
Court Square Theater, ahd hundreds of 
others spent the evening at Hampden 
Park. The fireworks in the early even- 
ing, and later the dancing, proved strong 
attractions. There on the dimly-lighted 
platform, overshadowed by ^the trees, 
was an almost constant stream of danc- 

What the Order Really Is and How It Started 

The Fraternal Order of Eagles pre- 
sents one of the most remarkable exam- 
ples of growth in the history of secret 
societies. It was formed in 1898 by an 
impromptu gathering of five men in Seat- 
tle, Wash., and is now said to number 

December, 1904. 


300,000, with hopes of reaching 1,000,- 
000 in a few years if the recent rate of 
growth continues. Five men connected 
with the management of variety theaters 
in Seattle met to talk business in Febru- 
ary, 1898, and before separating organ- 
ized in a spirit of humor as ''The Seattle 
Order of Good Things," with the motto, 
"Skin 'em." This was on Sunday, and 
on succeeding Sabbaths they gathered, 
with headquarters in a theater, and ini- 
tiated new members, the most serious 
business being the imposing of fines, 
with which refreshments were provided 
for members of the organization. The 
idea was so popular that on April 20 a 
meeting was held in Seattle, at which a 
regular organization, with the name of 
Eagles, was effected. The order first 
swept through the West, and then came 
into the East, where it has in the past 
year or two grown to great proportions. 
The Springfield Aerie was organized 
in Turn Hall, April 17, 1901, and was 
the result of the attendance of A. L. Pot- 
ter at the Republican national convention 
in Philadelphia in 1900. He secured an 
idea of the new order there from D. H. 
Eraser, a former Springfield man, and 
later started the local Aerie. This early 
became "remarkable for the size of its 
membership, even in this order of large 
lodges. The total membership is now 
about 800, which is not so large as a 
year ago, when it reached about 900. 


''The Modern Lodge, a Revival of An- 
cient Heathenism," a German pamphlet 
noticed in our November number, page 
209, was written by Rev. H. Mackenson, 
Sanborn, N. Y. We regret that the fact 
of his authorship was omitted from the 
notice last month. 

He who withholds from God to honor 
himself has dishonored both himself and 

He who has no reserve force to draw 
on will sooner or later have to sound a re- 
treat in the face of the enemv. 

Some one has said: "It sometimes 
hurts to Hve; it does not hurt to die." 
But, O, it hurts to see the living and the 
loving die ! 

How May Christain Men Be Led to Abandon 

Dear Friends: There are several thing:; 
in my mind, which I wouid like to speak 
to you about, but I think tliat possibly J. 
shall be able to take up only one. If time 
and space permit, I may go beyond, but 
this is important, and requires a full 
treatment; and I shall possibly at this 
time confine myself to this single item. 

Addressing an audience in a neighbor- 
ing State recently, I met a minister in 
hearty sympathy with our work, and one 
who had recently publicly been bearing 
testimony against secret societies, before 
his people. In conversation with him he 
remarked that certain members of his 
church had united with lodges, and that 
he was very much tried about their posi- 
tion. I asked him if he had personallv 
labored with them respecting the matter, 
and he said no, that he did not feel quali- 
fied to do so. Ele said to me, "What book 
should I get that would enable me intelli- 
gently, and conclusively to warn mv 
members regarding this matter?" His 
statement and question surprised me, and 
led me to write this letter. 

I remember how often I have labored 
with individuals in regard to membership 
in secret societies, and how. invariably, if 
the persons have been Christians, and if 
there was time to get the truth fairly 
lodged in their minds, they either public- 
ly or silently abandoned their orders. Re- 
peatedly when this subject has been dis- 
cussed at large in the community, all 
thoughtful members of lodges have aban- 
doned them, — and in some instances the 
lodges themselves have ceased to exist. 

I remember just now a case in a col- 
lege town, where the members of the col- 
lege fraternity came to me and said. "We 
have gone into this fraternity business ig- 
norantly, and want to get out of it. \\'hat 
shall we do?" I said, "Simply drop it 



December, 1904. 

perplexed, but finally said that he liked 
me very well. I said, "I thought 3^ou did, 
because I love you. You would not wish 
to grieve me, would you?" And he said 
more promptly, "AMiy, to be sure I would 
not wish to grieve you." I said, "Well, it 
grieves me very much to see you, a dear 
Christian brother, wearing the badge of 
tliis secret order." He replied, ''I put it 
on because I was urged to ; but I never 
go to the meetings of the order. I take 
no pleasure in sitting around in smoke, 
and hearing a lot of bummers tell off- 
color stories." These w^ere his words. 
V\'hat vras the fact regarding him- and the 
lodge? Simply that he was a Christian, 
and the members of the lodge in general 
were not Christians, and so he had no 
spiritual fellovs'ship with them. They en- 
joyed smoke, off-color stories, and other 
things; he did not enjoy them. When 
you haAX said that you have covered the 
whole ground. There was no spiritual af- 
finity between the man, and the man's ex- 
ternal relations. 

These three Scriptures, prayerfully 
used by any Christian worker, will in my 
judgment accomplish their purpose and 
bring the Christian men who are lodge 
men out from their secret organizations. 


But supposing that they have been 
used, and that some brother who seems a 
Christian man, and wdio professes to be 
so, still insists that he is not neglecting 
the example of Jesus, or refusing to obey 
His commands, or disregarding the 
teachings of the Holy Spirit in his lodge 
relations. Supposing that he says his or- 
der does nothing Vvrong, — What then 
shall we do? 

Sometimes, simply vvait and pray. But 
in cases where the nature of the order 
has been revealed to the world, a discus- 
sion of its character may be of service. 
For example, allow that the person is a 
Freemason. Lay before him the penal- 
ties of the first three desrrees. 

'T promise and swear under no less 
penalty than that of having my throat cut 
across, my tongue torn out by the roots,, 
and buried in the rough sands of the 


'T promise and swear, binding myself 
under no less penalty than that of having 
my left breast torn open, my heart and 
vitals taken thence, etc." 

'T promise and swear, bindmg myself 
tmder no less penalty than that of having 
my body cut across, my bowels burned to 
ashes in the center, and these ashes scat- 
tered to the four winds of heaven." 

No Freemason who is a Christian will 
deny that these are the penalties of the